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1.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 9-13, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000701

ABSTRACT

Carpal tunnel syndrome is a very common and important disease caused by entrapment of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel. With the widespread use of high-resolution ultrasound, ultrasound is being used usefully in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. Compared to electrodiagnostic study, ultrasound examinations are easier and, above all, non-invasive. In addition, ultrasound-guided injection can be performed alone or in combination with ultrasound examination. In the case of nerve hydrodissection, which has recently been spotlighted as a treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome, it is the procedure that could not be attempted before without ultrasound equipment. In this paper, through a comprehensive review of meta-analysis literatures, we look back at the value of ultrasound as a diagnostic tool for carpal tunnel syndrome and the effect of ultrasound-guided injection to get an objective perspective and gain new insights. The usefulness of ultrasound will be largely divided into applications of ultrasound-guided injection, diagnosis, and sonoelastography.

2.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 80-88, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919470

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although it is known that inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) use may increase the risk of respiratory infection, its influence on the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection remains unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the association between ICS use and the positivity of SARS-CoV-2 infection among patients with chronic respiratory diseases. @*Methods@#Nationwide data of 44,968 individuals with chronic respiratory diseases tested for SARS-CoV-2 until May 15, 2021 were obtained from the Ministry of Health and Welfare and Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in Korea. The positivity of SARS-CoV-2 infection was retrospectively analysed according to the prescription, type, and dose of ICS taken one year before SARS-CoV-2 test. @*Results@#Among 44,968 individuals tested, 931 (2.1%) were positive for SARS-CoV-2. A total of 7,019 patients (15.6%) were prescribed ICS one year prior to being tested for SARS-CoV-2. Low, medium, and high doses of ICS were prescribed in 7.5%, 1.6%, and 6.5% of total cases, respectively. Among types of ICS, budesonide, fluticasone, beclomethasone, and ciclesonide were prescribed in 3.7%, 8.9%, 2.3%, and 0.6% of total cases, respectively. A multivariate analysis showed no significant increase in infection with ICS use (odds ratio, 0.84; 95% confidence interval, 0.66–1.03). Moreover, there were no associations between the positivity of infection and the dose or type of ICS prescribed. @*Conclusion@#Prior ICS use did not increase the positivity for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Moreover, different doses or types of ICS did not affect this positivity.

3.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 70-73, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966674

ABSTRACT

Frozen shoulder is a common shoulder disease that causes shoulder pain and limitation of shoulder motion. Intra-articular corticosteroid injection is one of the first-line treatment methods for frozen shoulder. Ultrasound guidance allows visualization of the glenohumeral joint and can improve the accuracy of the injection. Ultrasound-guided intra-articular injection can be performed via an anterior, posterior, or rotator cuff interval approach. This review article aims to summarize and discuss the most effective approach with ultrasound guided intra-articular injection for frozen shoulder. Also this review to introduce hydraulic distension with ‘pumping technique’ to obtain the maximal stretching effect on the capsule.

4.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 123-128, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966665

ABSTRACT

We described a case in which symptoms and function improved through rehabilitation in a patient with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-2019) accompanied by acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), limb weakness, and peroneal neuropathy. A 71-year-old man was diagnosed with COVID-19 and ARDS. He needed extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) treatment in an incentive care unit (ICU). After ICU treatment, both ankle dorsiflexor weakness and foot drop were present. Common peroneal neuropathy was diagnosed and it was presumed to be due to long-term ECMO application. Comprehensive rehabilitation was performed to improve respiratory function and functional level. In addition, electrical stimulation therapy was applied to strengthen the ankle dorsiflexor. Before rehabilitation, he could not maintain a sitting position independently and required oxygen supply through tracheostomy. After 6 months rehabilitation, he was able to walk independently without oxygen.However, the ankle dorsiflexor did not improve sufficiently, so ankle foot orthosis was applied for outdoor gait.

5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 671-678, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904233

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Erlotinib has been the only targeted agent to show significantly improved outcomes in pancreatic adenocarcinoma when combined with gemcitabine. We aimed to evaluate whether the addition of oxaliplatin to a combination gemcitabine/erlotinib treatment conferred a clinical benefit in patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Chemotherapy-naïve patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer were randomly assigned to receive GEMOX-T [gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and oxaliplatin 50 mg/m2 on day 1 (D1) and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks] or GT (gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on D1 and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR). @*Results@#Between 2013 and 2016, 65 patients were assigned to a treatment group (33 in the GEMOX-T arm, 32 in the GT arm). The ORR was 18.2% [95% confidence interval (CI), 8.82–27.58] in the GEMOX-T arm and 6.2% (95% CI, 0.34–12.06) in the GT arm (p=0.051). The disease control rate was significantly superior in the GEMOX-T arm compared to the GT arm (72.7% vs. 43.8%, p=0.019). After a median follow-up of 19.7 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.9 months for the GEMOX-T arm and 1.4 months for the GT arm (p=0.033). However, this did not translate to an improvement in overall survival. The most common grade 3 or higher hematologic adverse events were neutropenia (16.9%) and anemia (13.8%). @*Conclusion@#The addition of oxaliplatin to a first-line gemcitabine/erlotinib regimen demonstrated higher response rates and significantly improved PFS in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

6.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 128-138, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900344

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The prognostic factors in obstructive colon cancer have not been clearly identified. We aimed to identify the prognostic factor to establish optimal treatment strategy in obstructive colon cancer. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent surgery for primary colon cancer in stages II and III with symptomatic obstruction from 2004 to 2010 in six hospitals were retrospectively collected. Clinicopathological and surgical outcomes were compared between stent insertion and emergent surgery group. Multiple regression analysis and survival curve analysis were used to identif y the prognostic factors in symptomatic obstructive colon cancer. @*Results@#Among 210 patients, 168 patients (80.0%) underwent stent insertion followed by surgery and 42 patients (20.0%) underwent emergent surgery. Laparoscopic approach (55.4% vs. 23.8%, p< 0.001) and adequate lymph node (LN) harvest (≥12) (93.5% vs. 69.0%, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in stent insertion group. In multiple regression analysis, emergent surgery (hazard ratio [HR], 2.153; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.031–4.495), vascular invasion (HR, 6.257; 95% CI, 2.784–14.061), and omitting adjuvant chemotherapy (HR, 3.107; 95% CI, 1.394–6.925) were independent poor prognostic factors in 5-year overall survival, and N stage (N1: HR, 3.095; 95% CI, 1.316–7.284; N2: HR, 4.156; 95% CI, 1.671–10.333) was the only poor prognostic factor in 5-year disease-free survival. @*Conclusion@#In symptomatic obstructive colon cancer, emergent surgery, N stage, vascular invasion, and omission of adjuvant chemotherapy were independent poor prognostic factors. Stent insertion is suggested as the initial treatment for symptomatic obstructive colon cancer, and adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended, especially when vascular invasion or LN metastasis is confirmed.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 671-678, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896529

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Erlotinib has been the only targeted agent to show significantly improved outcomes in pancreatic adenocarcinoma when combined with gemcitabine. We aimed to evaluate whether the addition of oxaliplatin to a combination gemcitabine/erlotinib treatment conferred a clinical benefit in patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Chemotherapy-naïve patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer were randomly assigned to receive GEMOX-T [gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and oxaliplatin 50 mg/m2 on day 1 (D1) and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks] or GT (gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on D1 and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR). @*Results@#Between 2013 and 2016, 65 patients were assigned to a treatment group (33 in the GEMOX-T arm, 32 in the GT arm). The ORR was 18.2% [95% confidence interval (CI), 8.82–27.58] in the GEMOX-T arm and 6.2% (95% CI, 0.34–12.06) in the GT arm (p=0.051). The disease control rate was significantly superior in the GEMOX-T arm compared to the GT arm (72.7% vs. 43.8%, p=0.019). After a median follow-up of 19.7 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.9 months for the GEMOX-T arm and 1.4 months for the GT arm (p=0.033). However, this did not translate to an improvement in overall survival. The most common grade 3 or higher hematologic adverse events were neutropenia (16.9%) and anemia (13.8%). @*Conclusion@#The addition of oxaliplatin to a first-line gemcitabine/erlotinib regimen demonstrated higher response rates and significantly improved PFS in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

8.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 128-138, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892640

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The prognostic factors in obstructive colon cancer have not been clearly identified. We aimed to identify the prognostic factor to establish optimal treatment strategy in obstructive colon cancer. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent surgery for primary colon cancer in stages II and III with symptomatic obstruction from 2004 to 2010 in six hospitals were retrospectively collected. Clinicopathological and surgical outcomes were compared between stent insertion and emergent surgery group. Multiple regression analysis and survival curve analysis were used to identif y the prognostic factors in symptomatic obstructive colon cancer. @*Results@#Among 210 patients, 168 patients (80.0%) underwent stent insertion followed by surgery and 42 patients (20.0%) underwent emergent surgery. Laparoscopic approach (55.4% vs. 23.8%, p< 0.001) and adequate lymph node (LN) harvest (≥12) (93.5% vs. 69.0%, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in stent insertion group. In multiple regression analysis, emergent surgery (hazard ratio [HR], 2.153; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.031–4.495), vascular invasion (HR, 6.257; 95% CI, 2.784–14.061), and omitting adjuvant chemotherapy (HR, 3.107; 95% CI, 1.394–6.925) were independent poor prognostic factors in 5-year overall survival, and N stage (N1: HR, 3.095; 95% CI, 1.316–7.284; N2: HR, 4.156; 95% CI, 1.671–10.333) was the only poor prognostic factor in 5-year disease-free survival. @*Conclusion@#In symptomatic obstructive colon cancer, emergent surgery, N stage, vascular invasion, and omission of adjuvant chemotherapy were independent poor prognostic factors. Stent insertion is suggested as the initial treatment for symptomatic obstructive colon cancer, and adjuvant chemotherapy is recommended, especially when vascular invasion or LN metastasis is confirmed.

9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 689-697, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833323

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Exposure to particulate matter (PM) is a well-known risk factor in the triggering and exacerbation of allergic airway disease. Indoor environments, where people spend most of their time, are of utmost importance. To assess the effects of air purifiers [equipped with high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filters] on allergic rhinitis (AR) in adult patients, we performed a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients with house dust mite (HDM)-induced AR were randomly assigned to either active or mockup (placebo) air-purification groups. Two air purifiers (placed in living room and bedroom) were operated for 6 weeks in each home environment. The primary study endpoint was to achieve improvement in AR symptoms and medication scores. Secondary endpoints were to achieve improvement in the quality of life (QoL) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores, as well as in the indoor (bedroom and living room) concentrations of PM2.5 and PM10. @*Results@#After 6 weeks of air purifier use, medication scores improved significantly in the active (vs. placebo) group, although subjective measures (symptoms, VAS, and QoL scores) did not differ. Bedroom PM2.5 concentrations initially exceeded living room or outdoor levels, but declined (by up to 51.8%) following active purifier operation. Concentrations of PM2.5 in living room and PM10 in bedroom and living room were also significantly reduced through active purification. @*Conclusion@#The use of air purifiers with HEPA filters significantly reduced medication requirements for patients with HDM-induced AR and significantly lowered indoor PM2.5 concentrations, regardless of room placement. Active intervention to reduce household air pollutants may help improve allergic airway disease (clinicaltrials.gov NCT03313453).

10.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 59-63, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897849

ABSTRACT

Rotator cuff tear is often cited as a reason for shoulder pain and dysfunction in patients > 40 years of age. Surgical repair of rotator cuff tear is one of the most commonly performed orthopedic surgical procedures. Until now, the success rate of surgical repair for rotator cuff tear has not been satisfactory. Many factors influence the process of rotator cuff repair such as the presence of tendinosis and fatty infiltration, but the main factor is the difficulty in achieving healing at the tendon to bone interface. There is a clinical need for bioengineering approaches to promote regeneration of the native enthesis and reduce the poor outcomes after surgical repair. Toward this end, the design and fabrication of multiphasic or hierarchically structured scaffolds have received great attention. This manuscript deals with information on the tendon to bone interface and tries to find out why a multiphasic scaffold is necessary to reproduce it and considerations that need to be taken into to make an ideal scaffold.

11.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 26-36, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896958

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Visfatin is a key cytokine released from the pe ripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as well as adipose tissue, and it is involved in immune response as well as inflammation. In this study, we investigated whether the serum visfatin level could be a prognostic factor for predicting the severity of inflammation in patients with acute cholecystitis. @*Methods@#We examined the blood samples and gallbladder specimens from patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for either acute (n = 18) or chronic cholecystitis (n = 18). We determined the visfatin levels of these samples using various procedures such as real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. @*Results@#The patients with acute cholecystitis exhibited higher mRNA expression of visfatin in PBMCs, higher serum levels of visfatin, and increased protein expression of visfatin in the gallbladder specimens than in patients with chronic cholecystitis. In the in vitro model of acute cholecystitis, the mRNA expression of visfatin showed the fastest increase among the other pro-inflammatory mediators studied, including interleukin (IL)-10, tumor necrosis factor-, IL-6, intracellular adhesion molecule-1, and ascular cell adhesion molecule-1. Inhibition of visfatin using siRNA abrogated the inhibitory effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the expression of ABCG1 in GBECs, suggesting that visfatin is significantly involved in the LPS-driven suppression of ABCG1. @*Conclusion@#Taken together, we concluded that visfatin is a pro-inflammatory mediators that is upregulated during acute cholecystitis and is expected to be increased within a short time after inflammation. Therefore, measuring the serum level of visfatin would be helpful in predicting the inflammatory severity in the patients with acute cholecystitis.

12.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 59-63, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890145

ABSTRACT

Rotator cuff tear is often cited as a reason for shoulder pain and dysfunction in patients > 40 years of age. Surgical repair of rotator cuff tear is one of the most commonly performed orthopedic surgical procedures. Until now, the success rate of surgical repair for rotator cuff tear has not been satisfactory. Many factors influence the process of rotator cuff repair such as the presence of tendinosis and fatty infiltration, but the main factor is the difficulty in achieving healing at the tendon to bone interface. There is a clinical need for bioengineering approaches to promote regeneration of the native enthesis and reduce the poor outcomes after surgical repair. Toward this end, the design and fabrication of multiphasic or hierarchically structured scaffolds have received great attention. This manuscript deals with information on the tendon to bone interface and tries to find out why a multiphasic scaffold is necessary to reproduce it and considerations that need to be taken into to make an ideal scaffold.

13.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 26-36, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889254

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Visfatin is a key cytokine released from the pe ripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) as well as adipose tissue, and it is involved in immune response as well as inflammation. In this study, we investigated whether the serum visfatin level could be a prognostic factor for predicting the severity of inflammation in patients with acute cholecystitis. @*Methods@#We examined the blood samples and gallbladder specimens from patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for either acute (n = 18) or chronic cholecystitis (n = 18). We determined the visfatin levels of these samples using various procedures such as real-time polymerase chain reaction, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, western blotting, and immunohistochemistry. @*Results@#The patients with acute cholecystitis exhibited higher mRNA expression of visfatin in PBMCs, higher serum levels of visfatin, and increased protein expression of visfatin in the gallbladder specimens than in patients with chronic cholecystitis. In the in vitro model of acute cholecystitis, the mRNA expression of visfatin showed the fastest increase among the other pro-inflammatory mediators studied, including interleukin (IL)-10, tumor necrosis factor-, IL-6, intracellular adhesion molecule-1, and ascular cell adhesion molecule-1. Inhibition of visfatin using siRNA abrogated the inhibitory effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on the expression of ABCG1 in GBECs, suggesting that visfatin is significantly involved in the LPS-driven suppression of ABCG1. @*Conclusion@#Taken together, we concluded that visfatin is a pro-inflammatory mediators that is upregulated during acute cholecystitis and is expected to be increased within a short time after inflammation. Therefore, measuring the serum level of visfatin would be helpful in predicting the inflammatory severity in the patients with acute cholecystitis.

14.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 51-55, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785423

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We conducted a multi-institutional analysis to establish the epidemiological characteristics of recurrent inguinal hernia following hernia repair in patients across 4 institutions in Korea.METHODS: The retrospectively reviewed data included patient characteristics, hernia location, year of primary operation, type of hernia, timing of recurrence, primary operation type, and whether a mesh was used.RESULTS: Among 4,604 patients who underwent hernia repair surgery, 255 patients (5.5%; 13 females and 242 males; mean age, 63 years) were found to have recurrent hernia from January 2010 to April 2017. Recurrent indirect inguinal and direct hernias were observed in 47.1% and 49.4% of the patients, respectively. The recurrence of hernias within 1 year of surgery was the highest at 17.25%. Early and late recurrences was observed in 23.5% and 66.5% of the patients, respectively. Among the patients, 81.6% underwent open hernia repair at the time of initial surgery.CONCLUSION: Recurrence of hernia is most common in the first year after the initial surgery, and 23.5% of recurrent inguinal hernia was developed within 2 years. Patients underwent surgery after an average of 116 months (median value, 64 months) following the first operation. In patients with recurrent hernia, direct hernia was seen more frequent than indirect hernia whereas indirect hernia occurred more in patients with primary hernia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal , Herniorrhaphy , Korea , Prevalence , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
15.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 231-240, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739398

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Eperisone is an oral muscle relaxant used in musculoskeletal disorders causing muscle spasm and pain. For more effective pain control, eperisone is usually prescribed together with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). As such, eperisone may have been overlooked as the cause of anaphylaxis compared with NSAIDs. This study aimed to analyze the adverse drug reaction (ADR) reported in Korea and suggest an appropriate diagnostic approach for eperisone-induced anaphylaxis. METHODS: We reviewed eperisone-related pharmacovigilance data (Korea Institute of Drug Safety-Korea Adverse Event Reporting System [KIDS-KAERS]) reported in Korea from 2010 to 2015. ADRs with causal relationship were selected. Clinical manifestations, severity, outcomes, and re-exposure information were analyzed. For further investigation, 7-year ADR data reported in a single center were also reviewed. Oral provocation test (OPT), skin prick test (SPT) and basophil activation test (BAT) were performed in this center. RESULTS: During the study period, 207 patients had adverse reactions to eperisone. The most common ADRs were cutaneous hypersensitive reactions (30.4%) such as urticaria, itchiness or angioedema. Fifth common reported ADR was anaphylaxis. There were 35 patients with anaphylaxis, comprising 16.9% of the eperisone-related ADRs. In the single center study, there were 11 patients with eperisone-induced anaphylaxis. All the patients underwent OPT and all the provoked patients showed a positive reaction. Four of the 11 patients with anaphylaxis also underwent SPT and BAT, which were all negative. CONCLUSIONS: Incidence of eperisone-induced anaphylaxis calculated from the KIDS-KAERS database was 0.001%. Eperisone can cause hypersensitive reactions, including anaphylaxis, possibly by inducing non-immunoglobulin E-mediated immediate hypersensitivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaphylaxis , Angioedema , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Basophils , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hypersensitivity , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , Incidence , Korea , Pharmacovigilance , Skin , Spasm , Urticaria
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 389-394, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742543

ABSTRACT

Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is the most common food allergy-related condition in adults. This study aimed to investigate whether subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) with Fagales pollen-containing extracts can improve the clinical symptoms of OAS in Korea. In total, 56 OAS patients were included: 19 subjects treated with SCIT, which included Fagales pollen extracts, and 37 not treated with immunotherapy (IT). We reviewed the patients' medical records and administered a telephone questionnaire at one point to assess baseline OAS features and changes in the patients' OAS and allergic rhinoconjunctivitis (ARC) symptoms after treatment. Only 12 patients who received SCIT and 15 patients that did not receive SCIT could report on changes in OAS symptoms after treatment because the other patients practiced strict avoidance of their culprit fruits and vegetables, and they could not respond to the status of OAS. SCIT reduced the severity of OAS (p=0.005). Nine of the 12 patients (75%) that received SCIT reported a more than 50% reduction in OAS symptoms. In contrast, only three of the 15 patients (20%) that did not receive IT reported more than a 50% reduction in OAS symptoms. SCIT also reduced the severity of ARC symptoms (p < 0.001). The results indicate that SCIT with Fagales pollen-containing extracts is associated with improved OAS symptoms in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Fruit , Hypersensitivity , Immunotherapy , Korea , Medical Records , Pollen , Telephone , Vegetables
17.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 97-101, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811487

ABSTRACT

Tardy ulnar nerve palsy is ulnar neuropathy at or around elbow and commonly evaluated in the electromyography laboratory. However, ulnar neuropathy at the elbow due to neurofibroma is rare. Neurofibromas are tumors that arise within nerve fasciculi and anywhere along a nerve from dorsal root ganglion to the terminal nerve branch. We report one case of ulnar neuropathy at the elbow due to neurofibroma. Patient had paresthesia on the left 5th finger and there had been left hypothenar atrophy since 2 months ago. Tinel's sign was positive at left elbow. As a result of electromyography, there were suggestive of right ulnar neuropathy at or around elbow, referred to as tardy ulnar nerve palsy. Ultrasonography showed a diffuse tortuous thickening with multiple neurofibromas arising from individual fascicles of the ulnar nerve in cubital tunnel area. Surgery was then performed to release cubital tunnel of left elbow, then the patient's symptoms improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrophy , Elbow , Electromyography , Fingers , Ganglia, Spinal , Neurofibroma , Neurofibromatoses , Paresthesia , Ulnar Nerve , Ulnar Neuropathies , Ultrasonography
18.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 107-110, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811485

ABSTRACT

Flexor carpi radialis (FCR) muscle is located in the forearm anteriorly that runs through a synovial fibro-osseous tunnel in the forearm. We described a case of FCR tendon rupture due to repetitive overuse injury. A 55-year-old man, right-hand dominant, presented with right forearm pain and swelling which started 3 days ago while playing amateur golf. Focal tenderness and bruising over volo-ulnar region of the right forearm were examined. Plain radiographs showed soft tissue edema around lesion area and no detectable fracture. Ultrasonography showed multiple hypoechoic lesions suspected as hematoma of the flexor muscle group. After done magnetic resonance imaging, he was diagnosed with rupture of FCR tendon at proximal origin and strain of flexor digitorum superficialis and palmaris longus muscle. He received compressive dressing and restriction of wrist range of motion for three weeks. Two months later, remaining traces of lesions were observed at the follow-up ultrasonography and the pain disappeared.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Bandages , Cumulative Trauma Disorders , Edema , Follow-Up Studies , Forearm , Golf , Hematoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Range of Motion, Articular , Rupture , Tendon Injuries , Tendons , Ultrasonography , Wrist
19.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 723-735, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762151

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the causative allergens and clinical characteristics of Korean adult patients with food allergy (FA). METHODS: This retrospective, cross-sectional single-institutional study enrolled Korean adult patients (n = 812) suspected of having FA. For diagnosis, causality assessment history taking, ImmunoCAP specific immunoglobulin E measurement and/or skin prick test were performed. RESULTS: Among 812 patients, 415 were diagnosed as having FA. The most common causative allergen was fruit, with a diagnosis of pollen food allergy syndrome (PFAS: 155, 37.3%), followed by crustaceans (111, 26.7%), wheat (63, 15.1%), fruits in patients without PFAS(43, 10.3%), buckwheat (31, 7.4%), peanut (31, 7.4%), walnut (25, 6.0%), red meat due to reaction to galactose-α-1,3-galactose (α-Gal) (8, 1.9%), and silkworm pupa (13, 3.1%). Allergy to egg, milk, fish, or shellfish was rare in Korean adults. One-third of patients with FA exhibited multiple FAs (238/415, 57.3%); the average number of causative allergens was 2.39. About 129 patients (31.0%) were diagnosed as having anaphylaxis; in these patients, wheat was the most frequent causative food. Twenty patients were further diagnosed with food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis (FDEIA); all were due to wheat. In particular, crustaceans, wheat, PFAS, buckwheat, and red meat (α-Gal) were also frequent causes of anaphylaxis. CONCLUSIONS: Wheat, fruits with or without PFAS, and crustaceans are important and frequent causative allergens in Korean adult FA; these allergens differ from those found in childhood FA. It is notable that non-classic allergies, such as PFAS, FDEIA, and α-Gal allergy, are the important causes of anaphylaxis in Korean adult FA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Allergens , Anaphylaxis , Arachis , Bombyx , Diagnosis , Fagopyrum , Food Hypersensitivity , Fruit , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Juglans , Korea , Milk , Ovum , Pollen , Pupa , Red Meat , Retrospective Studies , Shellfish , Skin , Triticum
20.
Imaging Science in Dentistry ; : 295-299, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785811

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This clinical pilot study was performed to determine the effectiveness of dual-energy cone-beam computed tomography (DE-CBCT) in measuring bone mineral density (BMD).MATERIALS AND METHODS: The BMD values obtained using DE-CBCT were compared to those obtained using calibrated multislice computed tomography (MSCT). After BMD calibration with specially designed phantoms, both DE-CBCT and MSCT scanning were performed in 15 adult dental patients. Three-dimensional (3D) Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine data were imported into a dental software program, and the defined regions of interest (ROIs) on the 3-dimensional surface-rendered images were identified. The automatically-measured BMD values of the ROIs (g/cm³), the differences in the measured BMD values of the matched ROIs obtained by DE-CBCT and MSCT 3D images, and the correlation between the BMD values obtained by the 2 devices were statistically analyzed.RESULTS: The mean BMD values of the ROIs for the 15 patients as assessed using DE-CBCT and MSCT were 1.09±0.07 g/cm³ and 1.13±0.08 g/cm³, respectively. The mean of the differences between the BMD values of the matched ROIs as assessed using DE-CBCT and calibrated MSCT images was 0.04±0.02 g/cm³. The Pearson correlation coefficient between the BMD values of DE-CBCT and MSCT images was 0.982 (r=0.982, P<0.001).CONCLUSION: The newly developed DE-CBCT technique could be used to measure jaw BMD in dentistry and may soon replace MSCT, which is expensive and requires special facilities.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Bone Density , Calibration , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Dentistry , Jaw , Methods , Miners , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Pilot Projects
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