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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 604-611, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003242

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The present study investigated and compared the antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) activity-predicting ability of the serum concentrations of the four interleukin (IL)-12 family cytokines including IL-23, IL-27, IL-35, and IL-39 in patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). @*Materials and Methods@#The present study included 70 patients with MPA and GPA. Clinical and laboratory data, particularly Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS), at the time of blood collection were obtained. The serum concentrations of IL-23, IL-27, IL-35, and IL-37 were measured using sera stored at -80°C. Patients were divided into two groups: the upper half of BVAS (BVAS ≥12) and the lower half of BVAS (BVAS <12). @*Results@#The serum concentrations of IL-23 and IL-27 reflected AAV activity. Patients with the upper half of BVAS exhibited significantly higher serum concentrations of IL-23 and IL-27 than those without. Patients with the serum concentrations of IL-23 ≥132.1 pg/mL or IL-27 ≥684.7 pg/mL exhibited higher frequency and risk for the upper half of BVAS than those without [relative risks (RR) 5.143 and RR 4.091, respectively]. The serum concentrations of IL-27 were associated with age ≥65 years and proteinase 3-ANCA (or C-ANCA) negativity, whereas, those of IL-23 were associated with MPA. However, the serum concentrations of IL-35 and IL-39 were not useful in predicting AAV activity in this study. @*Conclusion@#The present study is the first to demonstrate that among the various members of IL-12 family cytokines, the serum concentrations of IL-23 and IL-27 possess AAV activity-predicting ability.

2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 991-996, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002743

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) has been recently introduced for treating obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Although there are data supporting the efficacy of ACT, only few studies have investigated the effectiveness of ACT against any obsessivecompulsive (OC) symptom dimension or a specific dimension alone. @*Methods@#In total, 64 patients with OCD received an 8-session ACT group program. All measures were evaluated before and after treatment. The Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale was used to assess OCD severity across the four empirically supported symptom dimensions (i.e., contamination, responsibility for harm, unacceptable thoughts, and symmetry). ACT processes were evaluated using the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II (AAQ-II), Acceptance and Action Questionnaire for Obsessions and Compulsions (AAQOC), and Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire. @*Results@#After an 8-week program, there were significant reductions in all four OC symptom dimensions after ACT. The unacceptable thoughts and contamination domains had medium effect size. The responsibility for harm and symmetry dimensions had small effect size. The unacceptable thoughts dimension was significantly correlated with all ACT process measures. The symmetry dimension was significantly correlated with AAQ-OC and AAQ-II scores while the responsibility for harm dimension was correlated with AAQ-II alone. However, the contamination dimension was not associated with any process measures. @*Conclusion@#ACT may be effective for managing all four symptom dimensions with small to moderate effect size. Moreover, depending on the symptom dimension, there may be different relationship patterns between symptom reduction and changes in ACT processes.

3.
Neurointervention ; : 135-139, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002554

ABSTRACT

A ruptured brain arteriovenous malformation (bAVM) presenting with a hematoma may have unseen parts of the shunts in diagnostic angiography in the acute phase, which may lead to innate incomplete evaluation for the whole angioarchitecture of the bAVM. Even though it is generally accepted that the nidus of a ruptured bAVM may be underestimated in angiography during the acute phase due to hematoma compression, documentation of the underestimated parts has not been described in the literature. The authors report 2 cases of ruptured bAVMs in which the obscured segments were cast with liquid embolic material, which suggests a potential presence of obscured segments in bAVMs.

4.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : e15-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002450

ABSTRACT

The hepatitis A virus (HAV) induces severe acute liver injury and is adapted to human and monkey cell lines but not other cells. In this study, the HAV was inoculated into porcine kidney (PK-15) cells to determine its infectivity in porcine cells. The growth pattern of the HAV in PK-15 cells was compared with its growth pattern in fetal rhesus kidney (FRhK-4) cells. The growth of HAV was less efficient in PK-15 cells. In conclusion, HAV replication was verified in PK-15 cells for the first time. Further investigations will be needed to identify the HAV-restrictive mechanisms in PK-15 cells.

5.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : e17-2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002448

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial (AM) resistance is a growing threat in human and veterinary medicine, spreading across species and perceived as One-Health issue. Prudent use of AM products is essential in mitigating this risk in both human and veterinary medicine. Farm veterinarians, responsible for prescribing appropriate AM and offering advice to farmers on their proper usage, are regarded as key players in the livestock industry. An online survey of farm veterinarians (n = 1,531) was conducted to assess their educational experience, beliefs, current status of prescription, practical behavior, and self-efficacy regarding the prudent use of antimicrobials (PUA). The data from 170 respondents were analyzed using descriptive statistics, regression and mediation analysis. Participants chose AM based on their experiences, academic resources, and peer veterinarians. Approximately 77% did not routinely conduct antibiotic-susceptibility-test. Most participants believed in the importance of PUA and the role of veterinarians to reduce AM resistance, but they reported a lack of awareness among farmers and insufficient national support interfere with their practical behavior with regard to PUA. Half of the participants had PUA-education, and 78.6% reported that education had a positive impact on their behavior with PUA. Self-efficacy partly mediates the relationship between belief and behavior for PUA, which accounted for 23.77% of the total effect that beliefs have on behavior for PUA. The findings of the study show that enhancing veterinarians' abilities to practice and their self-efficacy through education tailored to the current status of farms can contribute to the reduction of AMs in the livestock sector.

6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 93-99, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001841

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship among childhood maltreatment, cognitive function and emotion dysregulation in healthy adults who have not been diagnosed with existing mental diseases and do not report clinically significant levels of symptoms. @*Methods@#The participants were 66 healthy young adults aged 20 to 40 recruited from October 2021 to March 2022.Cognitive function, maltreatment experience, emotion dysregulation and depressive symptoms were evaluated. Their association was analyzed using Kendell’s tau coefficient. In addition, multiple linear regression was conducted to explain emotion dysregulation using cognitive measures. @*Results@#As a results of Kendall’s tau coefficient calculation, emotional abuse experience showed a significant negative correlation with cognitive functions such as perceptual reasoning, working memory and processing speed. The degree of difficulty in emotion regulation reported a significant positive correlation with processing speed among cognitive functions. In the multiple linear regression analysis, processing speed among the cognitive function measures might be revealed to be a factor that can affect emotion regulation even after excluding the influence of other measures. @*Conclusions@#The results of this preliminary study suggest that certain maltreatment experiences, such as emotional abuse, can affect cognitive decline, even if there is no clear mental illness, and the cognitive function can be associated with difficulties in emotional control.

7.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 479-488, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001677

ABSTRACT

Although patellofemoral arthritis is a common and debilitating orthopedic disorder, its treatment varies and remains controversial. This review aims to provide an overview of the current understanding of the pathophysiology of patellofemoral arthritis, as well as its various diagnostic and treatment options.Current Concepts: The pathophysiology of patellofemoral arthritis includes lower limb malalignment, trochlear and/or patellar dysplasia, patellar instability, trauma, and obesity. The disorder is characterized by chronic anterior knee pain aggravated by flexion of the knee joint. A critical imaging study of the Merchant and lateral knee radiographs may show the progression of patellofemoral arthritis and dysplasia of the patellofemoral joints. Non-pharmacologic treatment options for patellofemoral arthritis include patient education, self-management, exercise, weight loss, taping, bracing, and orthotics. Pharmacologic agents (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, acetaminophen, oral narcotics, and duloxetine) and intra-articular injection therapies (glucocorticoids, hyaluronic acid, platelet-rich plasma, and other regenerative therapies) can be helpful for symptom relief in patients with patellofemoral arthritis. The surgical treatment can begin with lateral retinacular release to realign and decompress the patellofemoral joint. If failure in the improvement of symptoms is noted, a tibial tubercle osteotomy can be considered in young and active patients. While the early design and technique of patellofemoral arthroplasty were less than encouraging, more recent implant design and surgical techniques have demonstrated robust results.Discussion and Conclusion: Patellofemoral arthritis is a unique entity compared with tibiofemoral arthritis marked by distinct epidemiology, biomechanics, and risk factors and treatment options. It is essential to understand its pathophysiology and ensure proper treatment options.

8.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 260-267, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001543

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study evaluated whether the hepatic steatosis index (HSI) at antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) diagnosis could forecast poor outcomes during the disease course in AAV patients. @*Methods@#This study included 260 AAV patients. The equation for HSI is as follows: HSI=8×(alanine aminotransferase/aspartate aminotransferase)+body mass index+(2, diabetes mellitus)+(2, female). The cut-off of HSI was obtained using the receiver operating characteristic curve. @*Results@#The median age of the 260 patients was 59.5 years, and 65.0% were female. Among the continuous variables excluding the parameters composing the equation for HSI, HSI was significantly correlated with Birmingham vasculitis activity score, fivefactor score, haemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine, and total cholesterol. Among poor outcomes, the area under the curve of HSI for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was significant, and the cut-off of HSI for ESRD was set at ≤30.82. AAV patients with HSI ≤30.82 exhibited a significantly higher risk of ESRD (relative risk 3.489) and a significantly lower cumulative ESRD-free survival rate than those with HSI >30.82. @*Conclusion@#This study is the first to demonstrate that HSI at AAV diagnosis could forecast ESRD during the disease course in AAV patients.

9.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 198-203, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001535

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease, characterized by the production of autoantibodies and high cholesterol levels. HMG-CoA (3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A) reductase inhibitors have exhibited anti-inflammatory effects in several clinical trials. We conducted this study to evaluate the effect of rosuvastatin on inflammatory responses in lupus-prone mice. @*Methods@#MRL/lpr mice were intraperitoneally injected with rosuvastatin (10 mg/kg, n=4) or vehicle (2% dimethyl sulfoxide, n=4) five times a week from 13 to 17 weeks of age. The serum levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and autoantibodies were measured, as well as the urine levels of albumin. Renal tissues were stained for histopathological analysis. Concentrations of key inflammatory cytokines were measured in the serum, and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in target organs (kidney, spleen, and lymph nodes) were evaluated. @*Results@#Rosuvastatin treatment significantly decreased serum LDL cholesterol concentration in MRL/lpr mice. However, the clinical manifestations and autoantibody titres did not improve with rosuvastatin treatment. In addition, serum inflammatory cytokines and proteinuria did not change. Histopathological analysis of the kidneys revealed no improvement. When assessing the expression of mRNA, treatment with rosuvastatin decreased tumor necrosis alpha and interleukin-17 concentration in spleen and kidney tissue and in the kidneys and lymph nodes of MRL/lpr mice, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Although it can decrease inflammatory cytokines in the lymphoid organs and kidneys of MRL/lpr mice, treatment with rosuvastatin is insufficient to alleviate SLE.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e305-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001236

ABSTRACT

Background@#Loss of companion animals can result in various psychological reactions, including complicated grief, depression, anxiety, and insomnia. However, research on the prevalence of patients requiring clinical intervention is limited. Moreover, research examining the relationship between childhood trauma and psychological symptoms after pet loss is lacking. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the rates of clinically significant psychological distress after pet loss and the impact of childhood trauma on adults who have experienced pet loss. @*Methods@#An online survey was conducted with non-clinical adult participants who had experienced the loss of a companion animal. Psychiatric characteristics were evaluated using standardized assessments, including the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7), and the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). Childhood trauma was evaluated using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). @*Results@#In a sample of 137 individuals who had experienced pet loss, the percentages of those who exceeded the cutoff points were 55% for the ICG, 52% for the PHQ-9, 40% for the GAD-7, and 32% for the ISI. The group that reported childhood trauma exhibited significantly higher scores on the ICG (t = 2.16, P = 0.032), PHQ-9 (t = 3.05, P = 0.003), GAD-7 (t = 2.61, P = 0.010), and ISI (t = 2.11, P = 0.037) than in the group without childhood trauma.For participants who experienced pet loss for less than one year, there was no significant difference in the ICG between the trauma and non-trauma groups, as both had extremely high scores. However, the trauma group had a significantly higher PHQ-9 (t = 2.58,P = 0.012) than the non-trauma group. In contrast, for participants who experienced pet loss for more than one year, the trauma group had a significantly higher ICG (t = 2.22, P = 0.03) than the non-trauma group, while there was no significant difference in the PHQ-9. Additionally, the emotional abuse scores on the CTQ were most significantly correlated with the ICG scores even after controlling for depressive symptoms. @*Conclusion@#People who experienced pet loss had significant psychological symptoms, ranging from 32% to 55%. Childhood trauma experiences affect complicated grief, depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, insomnia and prolonged grief disorder after pet loss. After pet loss, people with childhood trauma may require more psychological help than those without trauma.

11.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e396-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001178

ABSTRACT

Background@#This retrospective observational matched-cohort study of 2,151,216 individuals from the Korean coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccine effectiveness cohort aimed to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of the COVID-19 bivalent versus monovalent vaccines in providing additional protection against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection, critical infection, and death in Korea. @*Methods@#Among individuals, those vaccinated with COVID-19 bivalent vaccines were matched in a 1:1 ratio with those who were vaccinated with monovalent vaccines (bivalent vaccines non-recipients) during the observation period. We fitted a time-dependent Cox proportional-hazards model to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) of COVID-19 outcomes for infection, critical infection, and death, and we defined vaccine effectiveness (VE) as 1–HR. @*Results@#Compared with the bivalent vaccination group, the incidence proportions in the monovalent vaccination group were approximately three times higher for infection, nine times higher for critical infection, and 11 times higher for death. In the early stage of bivalent vaccination, relative VE of bivalent vaccine against monovalent vaccine was 42.4% against SARS-CoV-2 infection, 81.3% against critical infection, and 85.3% against death. In addition, VE against critical infection and death according to the elapsed period after bivalent vaccination was maintained at > 70%. @*Conclusion@#The bivalent booster dose provided additional protection against SARS-CoV-2 infections, critical infections, and deaths during the omicron variant phase of the COVID-19 pandemic.

12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 11-17, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968890

ABSTRACT

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) comprises group of small vessel vasculitides, including granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). In 2022, the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology (EULAR) jointly proposed new classification criteria for AAV (the 2022 ACR/EULAR criteria). In this review, we briefly summarize the 2022 ACR/EULAR criteria for GPA, MPA, and EGPA, and introduce our clinical experience with applying them to patients who were previously diagnosed with AAV based on three criteria: firstly, the classification criteria for GPA and EGPA proposed by the ACR in 1990; secondly, the algorithm for the classification of AAV and polyarteritis nodosa proposed by the European Medicines Agency algorithm in 2007 (the 2007 EMA algorithm); and thirdly, the revised International Chapel Hill Consensus Conference nomenclature of vasculitides in 2012 (the 2012 CHCC definitions). We found that concordance rate was highest in patients with MPA (96.6%), followed by those with EGPA (86.3%) and GPA (73.8%). In addition, compared to previous criteria, we noted several issues of the undervalued or overvalued items in the 2022 ACR/EULAR criteria for classifying AAV and provided several suggestions. To increase the diagnostic accuracy and reduce the discordance rate among the new and previous criteria for AAV, we suggest that the previous criteria should be considered together with the 2022 ACR/EULAR criteria when applying the classification criteria for AAV to patients suspected of AAV.

13.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 120-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968542

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Thought-action fusion (TAF), which is a tendency to make the relationship between one’s thoughts and external consequences, is a dysfunctional belief linked to obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). While the TAF is commonly evaluated using the Thought-Action Fusion Scale (TAFS), it cannot fully reflect the actual experience of experimentally evoked TAF. In the present study, we applied a multiple-trial version of the classic TAF experiment and evaluate two variables, reaction time (RT) and emotional intensity (EI). @*Methods@#Ninety-three patients with OCD and 45 healthy controls (HCs) were recruited. The participants were asked to read the name of a close or neutral person embedded in different positive (PS) or negative (NS) TAF statements. During the experiments, RT and EI were gathered. @*Results@#The OCD patients presented with longer RT and lower EI in the NS condition than HCs. In each group, the HCs showed a significant relationship between RT in the NS condition and TAFS scores, whereas the patients did not, although they had higher TAFS scores than the HCs. In contrast, the patients showed a trend toward a correlation between RT in the NS condition and guilt. @*Conclusion@#These findings may indicate our multiple-trial version of the classical TAF showed reliable results of the two new variables, especially RT, in the task and allow to newly identify paradoxical patterns in which the TAFS scores are high but actual performance is impaired, that is, the inefficient activation of TAF in OCD.

14.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 45-52, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967687

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated the clinical implications of serious infections in patients with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV) who received the first cycle of rituximab (RTX) during the first 6 months of follow-up. @*Methods@#The medical records of 36 AAV patients treated with RTX were reviewed. A weekly dose of 375 mg/m 2 RTX was administered for 4 weeks to all patients along with glucocorticoids. Serious infections were defined as those requiring hospitalization. All-cause mortality during the first 6 months of follow-up was counted. The follow-up duration was defined as the period from the first RTX infusion to 6 months after the first RTX infusion. @*Results@#The median age was 60.5 years, and 16 patients were male. Seven of 36 patients (19.4%) died and three AAV patients had five cases of serious infection such as enterocolitis, pulmonary aspergillosis, atypical pneumonia, cytomegalovirus pneumonia, and cellulitis. AAV patients with serious infections during the first 6 months of follow-up exhibited a significantly lower cumulative survival rate than those without serious infections (p<0.001). However, we found no independent predictor of serious infections using the Cox hazard model analysis. @*Conclusion@#Serious infection is an important predictor of all-cause mortality in Korean patients with AAV who received their first cycle of RTX but there were no significant variables to predict the occurrence of serious infections at the first RTX. Thus, in cases refractory to other induction therapies, RTX should be strongly considered, despite an increase in mortality rate.

15.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 72-87, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967679

ABSTRACT

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is an autoimmune rheumatic disease consisting of three discrete diagnoses of microscopic polyangiitis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Among diseases treated in a rheumatology department, AAV has poor clinical outcomes, with high rates of mortality and progression to end-stage renal disease and frequent disease relapse. Due to the frequent negative patient outcomes, optimal therapeutic strategies are essential in the management of AAV. In the present review, four guidelines for management of AAV are summarized: British Society for Rheumatology (BSR) and British Health Professionals in Rheumatology (BHPR) guideline for the management of adults with AAV; European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association (ERA-EDTA) recommendation for the management of AAV; 2021 American College of Rheumatology (ACR)/Vasculitis Foundation Guideline for the Management of AAV; Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcome (KDIGO) 2021 Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Glomerular Diseases, which will aid in clinicians’ medical decisions. Finally, the summary of the 2022 Update of the EULAR Recommendations on the Management of AAV, presented in the EULAR Congress 2022 is also introduced.

16.
Journal of Rheumatic Diseases ; : 106-115, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967677

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study investigated the incidence and patterns of the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) after AAV diagnosis and searched for the predictors of ACS in a single-centre cohort of Korean patients diagnosed with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV). @*Methods@#A total of 262 patients with AAV were included in this study. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), non-STEMI (NSTEMI), and unstable angina (UA) were defined as ACS in this study. Only ACS that occurred during or after AAV diagnosis was counted. @*Results@#The incidence of ACS in patients with AAV was 2.7% (7 patients), and the most common type of ACS was NSTEMI regardless of the affected site or the number of coronary arteries. Five patients with ACS were diagnosed with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and all of them had myeloperoxidase (MPO)-ANCA (or perinuclear [P]-ANCA), whereas the remaining two patients were diagnosed with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). Of the seven patients, 2 patients experienced ACS within the first year after AAV diagnosis, and 2 experienced ACS 5 years after AAV diagnosis. Among clinical variables, only the male sex was a predictor of ACS during the follow-up period in patients diagnosed with AAV. @*Conclusion@#The incidence of ACS was 2.7%, and the most common type of ACS was NSTEMI in Korean patients with AAV.

17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e143-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976969

ABSTRACT

We conducted a cohort study to assess vaccine effectiveness (VE) of coronavirus disease 2019 vaccine combinations on severe acute respirator y syndrome coronavirus 2 critical infection and death among elderly population in Korea. From Januar y to August 2022, VE against death for 4 doses mRNA recipients was 96.1%, whereas 1-dose viral vector + 3-dose mRNA recipients had VE of 90.8%.

18.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 74-82, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938339

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:Maltreatment is one of representative risk factor for psychiatric illnesses. While several studies indicate the relationship between physical activity and maltreatment, there was lack of study using objective measurements. This study was conducted to find the biomarkers of physical activity related to maltreatment experiences in healthy adults using wearable device. @*Methods@#:A total of 60 healthy adults were recruited; 15 subjects reported maltreatment experiences. Physical activity and sleep data were collected using Fitbit for 2 weeks. Child maltreatment experiences were assessed by Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE). Symptoms were measured using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7). @*Results@#:The child maltreatment group showed lower movement distance (p=0.025) and number of walks (p=0.010) compared to the control group. After controlling for anxiety and depressive symptoms in women, maltreatment group represented significant reduction in light activities (p=0.021) as well as movement distance (p=0.024) and number of walks (p=0.011). There was no significant difference in sleep variables between the two groups. @*Conclusions@#:Even in healthy participants, maltreatment experiences can negatively affect daily light physical activity.

19.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 15-21, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926581

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Maltreatment experiences can alter brain function related to emotion regulation, such as cognitive reappraisal. While dysregulation of emotion is an important risk factor to mental health problems in maltreated people, studies reported alterations in brain networks related to cognitive reappraisal are still lacking. @*Methods@#Twenty-seven healthy subjects were recruited in this study. The maltreatment experiences and positive reappraisal abilities were measured using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-Short Form and the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, respectively. Twelve subjects reported one or more moderate maltreatment experiences. Subjects were re-exposed to pictures after the cognitive reappraisal task using the International Affective Picture System during fMRI scan. @*Results@#The maltreatment group reported more negative feelings on negative pictures which tried cognitive reappraisal than the no-maltreatment group (p 20). @*Conclusions@#We found that paradoxical activities in semantic networks were shown in the victims of maltreatment. Further study might be needed to clarify these aberrant functions in semantic networks related to maltreatment experiences.

20.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 49-56, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926375

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT) was recently introduced to the treatment of the obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD). Major core components of ACT can be effectively applied to OCD treatment. Cognitive defusion can make to reduce anxiety related to obsessional thought by observing and flowing the thoughts in a nonjudgemental manner. Value-based commitment can be helpful to confront situations rather than experiential avoidance. Although several studies verified the effectiveness of ACT treatment on OCD, there is a lack of study in Korea. @*Methods@#:Forty-four patients with OCD were randomly assigned to treatment or control groups (22 patients per group). An eight-session, 90-minute ACT program was developed and conducted for 8 weeks for the treatment group. Symptoms were measured before and after 8 weeks, using Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory (OCI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ). @*Results@#:After eight-week program, the treatment group showed greater reductions in cognitive fusion score (p= 0.001) as well as obsessive-compulsive symptoms measured by both Y-BOCS and OCI (ps<0.001) compared to the control group. Moreover, changes in cognitive fusion score were significantly correlated with changes of Y-BOCS, OCI, and BDI scores (all ps<0.05). @*Conclusions@#:To the best of our knowledge, our study is the first report to verify the effectiveness of a group based ACT program on OCD in Korea. Our ACT program was effective to reduce symptoms of OCD and related cognitive fusion. Future study with longitudinal design and large sample sizes are needed to investigate confirmatory and longterm effects of our ACT program for OCD.

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