Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 328
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900007

ABSTRACT

Background@#Some coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients initially present with early oxygen demand, requiring more medical resources, and some develop severe conditions, while others worsen later in their clinical course. Whether the nature of the two groups is the same but in the spectrum of different diagnostic time points is not certain. @*Methods@#Hospitalized COVID-19 patients who needed oxygen therapy from February to November 2020 were included in the study. The patients were divided into early and late groups based on the time when the oxygen requirement occurred. Basic and epidemiologic characteristics were compared. Clinical variables were analyzed in both groups. @*Results@#A total of 164 patients needed oxygen therapy, 94 of whom were in the early group and 70 of whom were in the late group. The early and late groups had similar baseline characteristics except age (median age, 73 vs. 67 years), uncertain exposure history (50% vs. 31.4%) and the time from the onset of illness to admission (median, 5 vs. 2 days).Multivariate analysis showed that age > 65 years (OR, 4.65), symptom onset > 5 days (OR, 9.13) and several clinical manifestations, such as febrile sensation (OR, 6.01), dyspnea (OR, 30.0), C-reactive protein > 1 mg/dL (OR, 7.87) and chest X-ray abnormality (OR, 8.15), were predictive factors in the early group. The early group required more intensive care such as mechanical ventilation care, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and death (29.8% vs.14.3%, P = 0.002). @*Conclusion@#Older age, especially > 65 years, and a delay of over 5 days from the onset of illness to admission were associated with early oxygen demand in COVID-19 patients.Interventions for earlier diagnosis of elderly people may benefit clinical outcomes.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892303

ABSTRACT

Background@#Some coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients initially present with early oxygen demand, requiring more medical resources, and some develop severe conditions, while others worsen later in their clinical course. Whether the nature of the two groups is the same but in the spectrum of different diagnostic time points is not certain. @*Methods@#Hospitalized COVID-19 patients who needed oxygen therapy from February to November 2020 were included in the study. The patients were divided into early and late groups based on the time when the oxygen requirement occurred. Basic and epidemiologic characteristics were compared. Clinical variables were analyzed in both groups. @*Results@#A total of 164 patients needed oxygen therapy, 94 of whom were in the early group and 70 of whom were in the late group. The early and late groups had similar baseline characteristics except age (median age, 73 vs. 67 years), uncertain exposure history (50% vs. 31.4%) and the time from the onset of illness to admission (median, 5 vs. 2 days).Multivariate analysis showed that age > 65 years (OR, 4.65), symptom onset > 5 days (OR, 9.13) and several clinical manifestations, such as febrile sensation (OR, 6.01), dyspnea (OR, 30.0), C-reactive protein > 1 mg/dL (OR, 7.87) and chest X-ray abnormality (OR, 8.15), were predictive factors in the early group. The early group required more intensive care such as mechanical ventilation care, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and death (29.8% vs.14.3%, P = 0.002). @*Conclusion@#Older age, especially > 65 years, and a delay of over 5 days from the onset of illness to admission were associated with early oxygen demand in COVID-19 patients.Interventions for earlier diagnosis of elderly people may benefit clinical outcomes.

3.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 792-795, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914615

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis (TB) is a common opportunistic infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Patients with multidrug-resistant (MDR)-TB have poor outcomes.This study aimed to determine the prevalence of MDR-TB in HIV/TB co-infected patients in the Korea. We reviewed the medical records of HIV/TB co-infected patients at two university hospitals between January 1998 and December 2020. During the study period, a total of 87 HIV/TB co-infected patients were identified, and drug susceptibility test results were available for 44 of them. The prevalence of MDR-TB in the study population was 15.9% (7/44, 95% confidence interval, 5.1 - 26.7).

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786592

ABSTRACT

The loss of posterior support and the abnormal jaw relation can cause pathologic findings. If deep bite patients with multiple missing teeth, can not have the stable posterior contact, the mandible moves posteriorly, and consequently the overjet and overbite get worse. And when the mandibular irregular occlusal plane is corrected, it is easier to have the bilateral balanced occlusion with the maxilla. So the treatment goal is to give proper posetrior support and establish appropriate anterior guidance, and ultimately provide improved mastication and esthetics recovery. In this case, a 68 year old man, having deep bite without posterior support was evaluated by the vertical dimesion decision flow-chart. An available prosthetic height, anterior occlusal relation such as overjet, overbite and the esthetic part such as facial height and the cephalometric analysis are the factors to be considered.


Subject(s)
Dental Occlusion , Esthetics , Humans , Jaw , Mandible , Mastication , Maxilla , Mouth Rehabilitation , Mouth , Overbite , Tooth , Vertical Dimension
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899811

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with high mortality in East Asia. This study aimed to develop, for primary care providers, a prediction score using initial symptoms and basic laboratory blood tests to differentiate between SFTS and other endemic zoonoses in Korea.@*METHODS@#Patients aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with endemic zoonoses during a 3-year period (between January 2015 and December 2017) were retrospectively enrolled from 4 tertiary university hospitals. A prediction score was built based on multivariate logistic regression analyses.@*RESULTS@#Of 84 patients, 35 with SFTS and 49 with other endemic zoonoses were enrolled. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent predictors of SFTS included neurologic symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 12.915; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.173–76.747), diarrhea (OR, 10.306; 95% CI, 1.588–66.895), leukopenia (< 4,000/mm3) (OR, 19.400; 95% CI, 3.290–114.408), and normal C-reactive protein (< 0.5 mg/dL) (OR, 24.739; 95% CI, 1.812–337.742). We set up a prediction score by assigning one point to each of these four predictors. A score of ≥ 2 had 82.9% sensitivity (95% CI, 71.7%–87.5%) and 95.9% specificity (95% CI, 88.0%–99.2%). The area under the curve of the clinical prediction score was 0.950 (95% CI, 0.903–0.997).@*CONCLUSION@#This study finding suggests a simple and useful scoring system to predict SFTS in patients with endemic zoonoses. We expect this strategic approach to facilitate early differentiation of SFTS from other endemic zoonoses, especially by primary care providers, and to improve the clinical outcomes.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899236

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the effects of load direction, number of implants, and alignment of implant position on stress distribution in implant, prosthesis, and bone tissue. @*Materials and Methods@#Four 3D models were made to simulate posterior mandible bone block: two implants and 3-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) with a pontic in the center (model M1), two implants and 3-unit FDP with a cantilever pontic at one end (model M2), FDP supported by three implants with straight line placement (model M3) and FDP supported by three implants with staggered implant configuration (model M4). The applied force was 120 N axially or 120 N obliquely. @*Results@#Peak von Mises stresses caused by oblique occlusal force were 3.4 to 5.1 times higher in the implant and 3.5 to 8.3 times higher in the alveolar bone than those stresses caused by axial occlusal force. In model M2, the connector area of the distal cantilever in the prosthesis generated the highest von Mises stresses among all models. With the design of a large number of implants, low stresses were generated. When three implants were placed, there were no significant differences in the magnitude of stress between staggered arrangement and straight arrangement. @*Conclusion@#The effect of staggering alignment on implant stress was negligible. However, the number of implants had a significant effect on stress magnitude.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898007

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose: To identify biomarkers for prediction of the progression to dementia in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, evaluation of brain structure changes has been validated by a comprehensive visual grading scale (CVRS) through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this study, we specifically elucidated for the cognitive change of MCI patients classified based on AT(N) pathological status classification during the follow-up period of 3 years through the CVRS. @*Methods@#The 301 patients with initial MCI visited at least once for follow-up period. The data used in this study were obtained from the Alzheimer's disease (AD) Neuroimaging Initiative study. Brain atrophy was assessed by CVRS using MRI. AT(N) profiles were classified by cerebrospinal fluid abnormality. Based on the AT(N) assessment, all individuals in this study were divided into 3 groups (normal state biomarker, suspected non-Alzheimer's pathology [SNAP], or Alzheimer's continuum). The cox regression was used to analyze the hazard ratios of CVRS for progression to dementia. @*Results@#Sixty-three progressed and 238 remained stable to dementia and the CVRS (mean±standard deviation) had significant difference between progressive MCI and stable MCI (p<0.001). Univariate and multivariate cox regression results (p<0.001) showed the independence of initial CVRS as a predictor for the progression to dementia. Moreover, comparing the classified AT(N) pathology group, SNAP and AD, effectiveness of CVRS as a predictor was verified only in Alzheimer's continuum. @*Conclusions@#The initial CVRS score as a predictor of dementia progression was independently validated at the stage of Alzheimer's progression among AT(N) pathologically differentiated MCI.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892107

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with high mortality in East Asia. This study aimed to develop, for primary care providers, a prediction score using initial symptoms and basic laboratory blood tests to differentiate between SFTS and other endemic zoonoses in Korea.@*METHODS@#Patients aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with endemic zoonoses during a 3-year period (between January 2015 and December 2017) were retrospectively enrolled from 4 tertiary university hospitals. A prediction score was built based on multivariate logistic regression analyses.@*RESULTS@#Of 84 patients, 35 with SFTS and 49 with other endemic zoonoses were enrolled. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent predictors of SFTS included neurologic symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 12.915; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.173–76.747), diarrhea (OR, 10.306; 95% CI, 1.588–66.895), leukopenia (< 4,000/mm3) (OR, 19.400; 95% CI, 3.290–114.408), and normal C-reactive protein (< 0.5 mg/dL) (OR, 24.739; 95% CI, 1.812–337.742). We set up a prediction score by assigning one point to each of these four predictors. A score of ≥ 2 had 82.9% sensitivity (95% CI, 71.7%–87.5%) and 95.9% specificity (95% CI, 88.0%–99.2%). The area under the curve of the clinical prediction score was 0.950 (95% CI, 0.903–0.997).@*CONCLUSION@#This study finding suggests a simple and useful scoring system to predict SFTS in patients with endemic zoonoses. We expect this strategic approach to facilitate early differentiation of SFTS from other endemic zoonoses, especially by primary care providers, and to improve the clinical outcomes.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891532

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the effects of load direction, number of implants, and alignment of implant position on stress distribution in implant, prosthesis, and bone tissue. @*Materials and Methods@#Four 3D models were made to simulate posterior mandible bone block: two implants and 3-unit fixed dental prosthesis (FDP) with a pontic in the center (model M1), two implants and 3-unit FDP with a cantilever pontic at one end (model M2), FDP supported by three implants with straight line placement (model M3) and FDP supported by three implants with staggered implant configuration (model M4). The applied force was 120 N axially or 120 N obliquely. @*Results@#Peak von Mises stresses caused by oblique occlusal force were 3.4 to 5.1 times higher in the implant and 3.5 to 8.3 times higher in the alveolar bone than those stresses caused by axial occlusal force. In model M2, the connector area of the distal cantilever in the prosthesis generated the highest von Mises stresses among all models. With the design of a large number of implants, low stresses were generated. When three implants were placed, there were no significant differences in the magnitude of stress between staggered arrangement and straight arrangement. @*Conclusion@#The effect of staggering alignment on implant stress was negligible. However, the number of implants had a significant effect on stress magnitude.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890303

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose: To identify biomarkers for prediction of the progression to dementia in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients, evaluation of brain structure changes has been validated by a comprehensive visual grading scale (CVRS) through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In this study, we specifically elucidated for the cognitive change of MCI patients classified based on AT(N) pathological status classification during the follow-up period of 3 years through the CVRS. @*Methods@#The 301 patients with initial MCI visited at least once for follow-up period. The data used in this study were obtained from the Alzheimer's disease (AD) Neuroimaging Initiative study. Brain atrophy was assessed by CVRS using MRI. AT(N) profiles were classified by cerebrospinal fluid abnormality. Based on the AT(N) assessment, all individuals in this study were divided into 3 groups (normal state biomarker, suspected non-Alzheimer's pathology [SNAP], or Alzheimer's continuum). The cox regression was used to analyze the hazard ratios of CVRS for progression to dementia. @*Results@#Sixty-three progressed and 238 remained stable to dementia and the CVRS (mean±standard deviation) had significant difference between progressive MCI and stable MCI (p<0.001). Univariate and multivariate cox regression results (p<0.001) showed the independence of initial CVRS as a predictor for the progression to dementia. Moreover, comparing the classified AT(N) pathology group, SNAP and AD, effectiveness of CVRS as a predictor was verified only in Alzheimer's continuum. @*Conclusions@#The initial CVRS score as a predictor of dementia progression was independently validated at the stage of Alzheimer's progression among AT(N) pathologically differentiated MCI.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810938

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease with high mortality in East Asia. This study aimed to develop, for primary care providers, a prediction score using initial symptoms and basic laboratory blood tests to differentiate between SFTS and other endemic zoonoses in Korea.METHODS: Patients aged ≥ 18 years diagnosed with endemic zoonoses during a 3-year period (between January 2015 and December 2017) were retrospectively enrolled from 4 tertiary university hospitals. A prediction score was built based on multivariate logistic regression analyses.RESULTS: Of 84 patients, 35 with SFTS and 49 with other endemic zoonoses were enrolled. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, independent predictors of SFTS included neurologic symptoms (odds ratio [OR], 12.915; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.173–76.747), diarrhea (OR, 10.306; 95% CI, 1.588–66.895), leukopenia (< 4,000/mm3) (OR, 19.400; 95% CI, 3.290–114.408), and normal C-reactive protein (< 0.5 mg/dL) (OR, 24.739; 95% CI, 1.812–337.742). We set up a prediction score by assigning one point to each of these four predictors. A score of ≥ 2 had 82.9% sensitivity (95% CI, 71.7%–87.5%) and 95.9% specificity (95% CI, 88.0%–99.2%). The area under the curve of the clinical prediction score was 0.950 (95% CI, 0.903–0.997).CONCLUSION: This study finding suggests a simple and useful scoring system to predict SFTS in patients with endemic zoonoses. We expect this strategic approach to facilitate early differentiation of SFTS from other endemic zoonoses, especially by primary care providers, and to improve the clinical outcomes.

12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837256

ABSTRACT

In the case of complete edentulous patients, as the mandibular alveolar bone absorption progresses, the maintenance and stability of the existing dentures, which had satisfactory functions in the past, are deteriorated. Despite of the need to fabricate new dentures, they often hesitate due to physical burdens on the duration and intensity of future treatment progress due to the effects of aging and systemic diseases. In the case of these completely edentulous patients, it is necessary to consider the treatment goals that can reduce the number of visits and the adaptation period for new dentures before starting the treatment. This case is a case of producing complete dentures of elderly patients with deteriorated physical ability. In addition to producing suction dentures through preliminary and definitive closed mouth functional impression suggested by Sato, CAD / CAM technique was used to transfer occlusal functional information of existing dentures to facilitate adaptation to new dentures.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837251

ABSTRACT

The goal of suction denture is to enhance retention of dentures by the formation of negative pressure between the denture base and the underlying tissue and sealing around the denture by the mucosa. This patient has been converted to a completely edentulous state after the extraction of residual teeth. Fabrication of suction denture was planned because it was estimated that the conventional compete would be hard to achieve retention due to the absorption of residual ridge and lack of sublingual fold. Through appropriate clinical and laboratory technique such as preliminary impression on the mandibular rest position, provisional vertical dimension determination with Centric Tray® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), closed mouth definitive impression and jaw relation record using individual tray with Gnathometer M® (Ivoclar Vivadent AG, Schaan, Liechtenstein), artificial teeth arrangement considering stability of the denture, and proper polymerization technique that minimizes polymerization shrinkage, restoring the patient with suction denture resulted in satisfaction throughout the function and asesthetics.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837243

ABSTRACT

Fabrication of complete denture with suction mechanism was introduced to enhance the retention and stability of denture by sealing around the denture border by formingnegative pressure on the inner side of denture base during functional movement such as swallowing or masticating. Mandibular suction dentures reduce denture dislodgingforce during opening by taking preliminary impression without pressure on retromolar pad area in rest position. In this case, fabrication of complete denture using suctionmechanism for an edentulous patient with severe alveolar bone resorption allowed us to clinically enhance retention and stability of denture and improve satisfaction ofpatient. (J Korean Acad Prosthodont 2020;58:130-6)

15.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 381-388, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834282

ABSTRACT

Background@#Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF)-induced nephrotoxicity is related to high plasma tenofovir concentrations. Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF) is a tenofovir prodrug with 90% lower plasma tenofovir concentrations. The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in tenofovir-induced nephrotoxicity in Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-positive patients who switched from TDF to TAF. @*Materials and Methods@#We identified all HIV-positive patients who switched from elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/TDF to elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/TAF at a tertiary hospital. We assessed tubulopathy and renal dysfunction before TDF administration, at the time TAF was used following at least 3 months of TDF use, and 3 months after TAF administration. Tubulopathy was defined by the presence of at least three abnormalities in fractional excretion of phosphate, fractional excretion of uric acid, urinary β2-microglobulin, urinary N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase, glucosuria or proteinuria. Renal dysfunction was defined as decreased by more than 25% in the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) relative to baseline. @*Results@#In 80 patients, the mean eGFR was 96.8 mL/min/1.73 m 2 before administration of TDF, 81.2 (P <0.001) at the time of change to TAF, 90.9 (P <0.001) after TAF administration.Renal dysfunction occurred in 19 patients (23.8%) after TDF use for a median 15 months, 11 (57.9%) of these patients recovered from renal dysfunction after TAF administration.Six patients (7.5%) had tubulopathy before TDF administration, 36 (45.0%) after TDF administration (P <0.001), 12 (15.0%) after TAF administration (P = 0.002). @*Conclusion@#Tenofovir-induced nephrotoxicity in HIV-positive patients receiving TDF was mostly reversible after changing to TAF. Thus, TAF-containing regimens can be administered safely to HIV-positive patients with tenofovir-induced nephrotoxicity.

16.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 352-359, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834276

ABSTRACT

Background@#Severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is not differentiated clinically from other respiratory infections, and intensive care units (ICUs) are vulnerable to in-hospital transmission due to interventions inducing respiratory aerosols.This study evaluated the effectiveness of universal SARS-CoV-2 screening in ICUs in terms of screened-out cases and reduction in anxiety of healthcare personnel (HCP).Materials and @*Methods@#This prospective single-armed observational study was conducted in 2 ICUs of a single hospital. The number of patients diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection by the screening program and healthcare workers in ICUs that visited the SARS-CoV-2 screening clinic or infection clinic were investigated. @*Results@#During the 7-week study period, no positive screening case was reported among a total of 142 patients. Among 86 HCP in the ICUs, only 2 HCP sought medical consultation for SARS-CoV-2 infection during the initial 2 weeks. @*Conclusion@#A universal screening program for SARS-CoV-2 infection in ICUs with the coordination of other countermeasures in the hospital was reasonably effective in preventing in-hospital transmission in a pandemic situation and making clinical practices and HCP stable.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831673

ABSTRACT

Characteristic fever patterns of malarial infection are clues for diagnosis. However, checking fever patterns in febrile patients has been usually missed, and unnecessary tests have been performed. We reviewed electrical medical record to check whether history-taking included questions on fever pattern in febrile patients. Main outcomes were time interval between visit and diagnosis of vivax malaria and proportion of patients who had taken unnecessary tests. Among 134 vivax malarial patients, asking about fever pattern was done in 64 (47.8%).Median time interval between visit and diagnosis was significantly shorter in patients whose fever pattern was asked than those not asked (3.2 hours vs. 18.6 hours; P < 0.001).Unnecessary diagnostic tests were conducted in 27% (17/64) of patients asked about fever pattern and 71% (50/70) in patients not asked (P < 0.001). Proper history-taking can reduce time elapsed for diagnosis and performing unnecessary diagnostic tests in vivax malaria.

18.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831636

ABSTRACT

There have been controversies on the prophylactic effect of hydroxychloroquine against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). We describe a patient, 60-year old Korean woman, with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) who had been taking hydroxychloroquine for 6 months. Her serum and saliva concentrations of hydroxychloroquine were 280 μg/L and 4,890 μg/L, respectively. The present case raises concerns on hydroxychloroquine's role as a prophylactic agent for COVID-19.

19.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831539

ABSTRACT

Background@#There is limited information describing the presenting characteristics and dynamic clinical changes in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection diagnosed in the early phase of illness. This study is a case series of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) admitted to 11 hospitals in Korea. @*Methods@#Patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection by positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of respiratory specimens by active surveillance that were finally discharged between February 20 and April 30, 2020 were included. Patients were classified into mild and non-mild groups on initial admission according to oxygen demand and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score, and the mild group was followed up and subgrouped into non-aggravation and aggravation groups. @*Results@#A total of 161 patients with SARS-CoV2 infection were enrolled. Among the mild group of 136 patients, 11.7% of patients experienced clinical aggravation during hospitalization, but there was no initial clinical parameter on admission predicting their aggravation. Fever (odds ratio [OR], 4.56), thrombocytopenia (OR, 12.87), fever (OR, 27.22) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) > 300 U/L (OR, 18.35), and CRP > 1 mg/dL (OR, 11.31) significantly indicated aggravation in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th 5-day periods, respectively.PCR positivity lasted for a median of 22 days and 32 days after the onset of illness in the nonaggravation and aggravation groups, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Old age was associated with early severe presentation. Clinical aggravation among asymptomatic or mild patients could not be predicted initially but was heralded by fever and several laboratory markers during the clinical course.

20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: In the treatment of schizophrenia, treatment compliance is an important prognostic factor. As insight has a significant impact on treatment compliance, an appropriate assessment of insight is essential in the treatment of schizophrenia. This study examined the reliability and validity of the Korean version of Birchwood Insight Scale (BIS). METHODS: Fifty seven adult patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-5 were recruited from a university hospital. They were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), The Scale to Assessment Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD) and BIS. Explorative factor analysis was performed to examine the construct validity of the Korean version of BIS. Concurrent validity was evaluated by a comparison with the PANSS G12 item and SUMD. The test-retest correlation was evaluated to examine the test-retest reliability. Multiple regression analysis was performed to examine the variables affecting insight. RESULTS: Explorative factor analysis showed that the Korean version of BIS was composed of 2 factors, which are ‘Awareness of symptoms’ and ‘Awareness of illness and need for treatment.’ The Korean version of BIS was reliable in terms of the internal consistency. Concurrent validity with the PANSS G 12 item and SUMD was statistically significant. The test-retest reliability was also statistically significant. Multiple regression analysis showed that the PANSS negative factor affects the BIS score, indicating that negative symptoms of schizophrenia may impair insight of the illness. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that the Korean version of BIS is a valid and reliable tool for assessing the insight of patients with schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Compliance , Humans , Mental Disorders , Psychopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Schizophrenia
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL