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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 217-225, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966886

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal tumors in the stomach. We evaluated the clinical outcomes of endoscopic treatment for gastric GISTs. @*Methods@#This is a single center, retrospective study that enrolled 135 cases of gastric subepithelial tumors (SETs) resected by endoscopic procedures and confirmed as GISTs by histopathology from March 2005 to July 2019. The immediate and long-term clinical outcomes were analyzed retrospectively. @*Results@#The mean patient age was 57.9 years, and the mean tumor size was 2.1 cm. Of the tumors, 43.0% were located in the body, followed by the fundus (26.7%) and cardia (17.0%). Most tumors (85.2%) were resected by endoscopic submucosal dissection, followed by endoscopic mucosal resection (6.7%), submucosal tunneling endoscopic resection (5.9%), and endoscopic full-thickness resection (2.2%). Macroperforation occurred in 4.4% and microperforation in 6.7% of the cases. The R0 resection rate was 15.6%. However, the rate of complete resection by the endoscopic view was 90.4%, of which 54.8% of cases were in the very-low-risk group, followed by the low-risk group (28.1%), intermediate-risk group (11.9%), and high-risk group (5.2%). During 36.5 months of follow-up, recurrence was found in four (3.4%) of the 118 patients who were monitored for more than 6 months (low-risk group, 1/37 [2.7%]; intermediate-risk group, 2/11 [18.2%]; high-risk group, 1/6 [16.7%]). @*Conclusions@#Endoscopic treatment of a GIST appears to be a feasible procedure in selected cases. However, additional surgery should be considered if the pathologic results correspond to intermediate- or high-risk groups.

2.
Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery ; : 16-23, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925191

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Despite the usefulness of pterional craniotomy (PC), its cosmetic outcome is questionable. Electrocautery (EC) causes injuries to adjacent structures, and it could be a factor that affects the cosmetic outcome. Evaluation of cosmetic outcome is difficult because it is often determined by patient’s subjective criteria. The objective of this study is to compare the cosmetic outcome after EC versus non-electrocautery (NEC) dissection of the temporalis muscle for PC by analyzing long-term follow-up data determined from both physician and patient’s aspects. @*Methods@#Patients at follow-ups between January 2014 and April 2021 after PCs were enrolled. The keyhole (KH) site, the inferior margin of the temporal line of the frontal bone (ITL), the mid-temporal (mid-T) area, and the posterior incision line (PIL) were inspected by a physician to check the presence of depressions. Patient’s cosmetic satisfaction was categorized into satisfactory, intermediate, or unsatisfactory by a survey. The presence of osteolysis was checked from the radiological images. Patients were classified into two groups; one with EC dissection and another with NEC retrograde dissection using a double-ended dissector. @*Results@#The incidences of depression at the mid-T area and osteolysis were higher in the EC group (p=0.001, p<0.001). The percentage of satisfactory cosmetic outcome was lower in the EC group (p=0.002). The presences of depression at the mid-T area and osteolysis were related with lower rate of satisfactory outcomes (p<0.001, p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#NEC dissection causes less destruction to adjacent structures and brings better cosmetic outcome after PC.

3.
Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition ; : 564-570, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918679

ABSTRACT

Perianal fistulizing diseases, namely perianal fistulas and/or abscesses, are well-known complications of Crohn's disease (CD). These are known to develop more frequently in Asian children with CD, especially in the early stages of the disease course. Approximately half of the pediatric CD cases in Korea present with perianal fistulizing diseases at diagnosis. We report a rare case of a 12-year-old boy with CD with an incidental discovery of a perianal abscess on pelvic magnetic resonance imaging during CD diagnosis. No symptoms or signs of perianal fistulizing disease were identified. The early diagnosis of the perianal abscess enabled timely and effective treatment. Considering the high incidence of concomitant perianal CD in Korean children at diagnosis, perianal imaging may be useful and should be considered during diagnostic evaluation, even in patients with no subjective or objective findings indicating perianal CD.

4.
Natural Product Sciences ; : 274-279, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918577

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic effects of the leaves of Couroupita guianensis, a large tropical tree in the family of Lecythidaceae improving testosterone-induced Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) were tested In Vitro and In Vivo. In BPH rats induced by castration and testosterone treatment, the prostate index was improved in groups administered with the extracts of C. guianensis extracted with 50%-, 100%-ethanol or boiling water, which was comparable with positive control, finasteride. The extract C. guianensis leaves showed significant inhibition on the expressions of type 2 5-alpha reductase (5αR) in RWPE-1 human prostatic epithelial cells, and effectively attenuated the expressions of androgen receptor, type 2 5αR and proliferating cell nuclear antigen in LNCap human prostatic adenocarcinoma cells. The leaves of C. guianensis that exerted evident suppression on BPHrelated biomarkers In Vitro and improvement of prostate index In Vivo has a potential therapeutic use for the treatment of BPH.

5.
Brain Tumor Research and Treatment ; : 111-115, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913767

ABSTRACT

A 25-year-old female presented with a generalized tonic-clonic seizure. She had no previous history of seizures. A brain magnetic resonance imaging scan revealed a solitary enhancing mass in the right fronto-parietal cortex. During surgery, the mass was noted to be pure cortical with no connection to the ventricular lining. The tumor was completely resected. After surgery, the patient had no further seizures. The biopsy result showed a supratentorial ependymoma, which was C11orf95-RELA-fusionpositive.

6.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 731-745, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904017

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures with architectural and biomechanical properties similar to those of natural tissue have been the focus for generating liver tissue. Microarchitectural organization is believed to be crucial to hepatic function, and 3D cell culture technologies have enabled the construction of tissue-like microenvironments, thereby leading to remarkable progress in Vitro models of human tissue and organs. Recently, to recapitulate the 3D architecture of tissues, spheroids and organoids have become widely accepted as new practical tools for 3D organ modeling. Moreover, the combination of bioengineering approach offers the promise to more accurately model the tissue microenvironment of human organs. Indeed, the employment of sophisticated bioengineered liver models show long-term viability and functional enhancements in biochemical parameters and disease-orient outcome. @*RESULTS@#Various 3D in Vitro liver models have been proposed as a new generation of liver medicine. Likewise, new biomedical engineering approaches and platforms are available to more accurately replicate the in vivo 3D microarchitectures and functions of living organs. This review aims to highlight the recent 3D in Vitro liver model systems, including micropatterning, spheroids, and organoids that are either scaffold-based or scaffold-free systems. Finally, we discuss a number of challenges that will need to be addressed moving forward in the field of liver tissue engineering for biomedical applications. @*CONCLUSION@#The ongoing development of biomedical engineering holds great promise for generating a 3D biomimetic liver model that recapitulates the physiological and pathological properties of the liver and has biomedical applications.

7.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 300-305, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903617

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To improve the eradication rate of a first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection, alternate regimens such as sequential, concomitant, and hybrid therapies have been tried. The aim of this study was to evaluate the eradication rate of the 10-day hybrid therapy as a first-line therapy. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study enrolled 124 patients from the Korea University Ansan Hospital between April 2016 and December 2019. The 10-day hybrid therapy comprised 5 days of dual therapy (proton pump inhibitor [PPI] standard dose and amoxicillin 1 g, twice daily) followed by 5 days of quadruple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily). We compared the 10-day hybrid therapy with the 10-day concomitant therapy comprising PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily. Eradication was assessed by a 13C-urea breath test or gastroscopic biopsy at least 4 weeks after treatment completion. @*Results@#The eradication rates of the 10-day hybrid and concomitant therapies were 74.2% (46/62) and 67.7% (42/62), respectively, in the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis and 88.5% (46/52) and 82.4% (42/51), respectively, in the per-protocol (PP) analysis. There was no significant difference in the eradication rates between the two groups in the ITT (P=0.429) and PP analysis (P=0.380). Adverse events developed in 75.0% and 70.6% of patients in the hybrid and concomitant groups, respectively, but there was no significant difference (P=0.615). @*Conclusions@#The 10-day hybrid therapy can be an option for a first-line therapy of Helicobacter pylori infection.

8.
Korean Journal of Family Medicine ; : 306-311, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833954

ABSTRACT

Background@#Recently, single-person households have increased in Korea and this trend may have potential public health implications and affect various health behaviors. This study investigated the associations between living alone and health behaviors such as smoking and alcohol consumption among Korean adults. @*Methods@#We used data from the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2013 and 2015 and a total of 17,088 adults were included. We performed a multivariable logistic regression analysis and calculated odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). @*Results@#Single-person households accounted for about 10% of the total participants. The proportions of currently smoking and heavy alcohol consumption were higher among individuals living alone than those living together among younger women and middle-aged and elderly men and women. In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, living alone was associated with increased odds of currently smoking compared to living together among middle-aged men and women (OR, 7.37; 95% CI, 2.33–23.32 in men and OR, 2.36; 95% CI, 1.04–5.36 in women) after adjusting for confounding variables. @*Conclusion@#From this nationwide, population-based study, we found that living alone is associated with increased odds of currently smoking, especially in middle-aged people. Public health concerns may be warranted for middle-aged single-person households to reduce health risks related to smoking.

9.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 731-745, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896313

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Three-dimensional (3D) cell cultures with architectural and biomechanical properties similar to those of natural tissue have been the focus for generating liver tissue. Microarchitectural organization is believed to be crucial to hepatic function, and 3D cell culture technologies have enabled the construction of tissue-like microenvironments, thereby leading to remarkable progress in Vitro models of human tissue and organs. Recently, to recapitulate the 3D architecture of tissues, spheroids and organoids have become widely accepted as new practical tools for 3D organ modeling. Moreover, the combination of bioengineering approach offers the promise to more accurately model the tissue microenvironment of human organs. Indeed, the employment of sophisticated bioengineered liver models show long-term viability and functional enhancements in biochemical parameters and disease-orient outcome. @*RESULTS@#Various 3D in Vitro liver models have been proposed as a new generation of liver medicine. Likewise, new biomedical engineering approaches and platforms are available to more accurately replicate the in vivo 3D microarchitectures and functions of living organs. This review aims to highlight the recent 3D in Vitro liver model systems, including micropatterning, spheroids, and organoids that are either scaffold-based or scaffold-free systems. Finally, we discuss a number of challenges that will need to be addressed moving forward in the field of liver tissue engineering for biomedical applications. @*CONCLUSION@#The ongoing development of biomedical engineering holds great promise for generating a 3D biomimetic liver model that recapitulates the physiological and pathological properties of the liver and has biomedical applications.

10.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 300-305, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895913

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To improve the eradication rate of a first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection, alternate regimens such as sequential, concomitant, and hybrid therapies have been tried. The aim of this study was to evaluate the eradication rate of the 10-day hybrid therapy as a first-line therapy. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study enrolled 124 patients from the Korea University Ansan Hospital between April 2016 and December 2019. The 10-day hybrid therapy comprised 5 days of dual therapy (proton pump inhibitor [PPI] standard dose and amoxicillin 1 g, twice daily) followed by 5 days of quadruple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily). We compared the 10-day hybrid therapy with the 10-day concomitant therapy comprising PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily. Eradication was assessed by a 13C-urea breath test or gastroscopic biopsy at least 4 weeks after treatment completion. @*Results@#The eradication rates of the 10-day hybrid and concomitant therapies were 74.2% (46/62) and 67.7% (42/62), respectively, in the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis and 88.5% (46/52) and 82.4% (42/51), respectively, in the per-protocol (PP) analysis. There was no significant difference in the eradication rates between the two groups in the ITT (P=0.429) and PP analysis (P=0.380). Adverse events developed in 75.0% and 70.6% of patients in the hybrid and concomitant groups, respectively, but there was no significant difference (P=0.615). @*Conclusions@#The 10-day hybrid therapy can be an option for a first-line therapy of Helicobacter pylori infection.

11.
Korean Journal of Family Practice ; (6): 71-74, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787429

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Eating breakfast is important for optimal growth and development in adolescence, and is associated with academic achievement as well as nutrition and health status. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between breakfast consumption frequency and high school students' academic achievement.METHODS: We used data from the 2017 Korea Youth's Risk Behavior Web-Based Study, conducted by the Korean Center for Disease Control (64,991 students). The relationship between academic achievement and breakfast consumption frequency was examined using logistic regression.RESULTS: Students who consumed breakfast frequently exhibited higher academic achievement as compared to their counterparts. There was a significant correlation between awareness of appropriate eating habits and breakfast consumption frequency. Further, students who had not received any education about eating habits exhibited low academic achievement.CONCLUSION: To improve the academic achievement of students, they should be motivated to eat breakfast every day. Additionally, appropriate education about eating habits need to be implemented at schools and at home to increase students' breakfast consumption frequency.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Breakfast , Eating , Education , Feeding Behavior , Growth and Development , Korea , Logistic Models , Risk-Taking
12.
Korean Journal of Family Practice ; (6): 235-238, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787442

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the association between nicotine dependence and depressive mood in patients who visited a secondary hospital for smoking cessation treatment.METHODS: From March 2016 to February 2017, a total of 48 patients who visited the smoking cessation clinic of a secondary hospital in Seoul were surveyed through questionnaires. Nicotine dependence was assessed by the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used to assess depressive mood.RESULTS: The mean BDI score was positively associated with nicotine dependence (P=0.01). In multivariable logistic regression analysis, increasing BDI was associated with higher odds (1.21, 95% confidence interval; 1.02–1.44) of high nicotine dependence after adjusting for all confounding variables.CONCLUSION: Depressive mood was positively associated with nicotine dependence among patients who visited a smoking cessation clinic. Consideration of depressive mood in smoking cessation treatment may be helpful for smoking cessation among patients with a willingness to quit smoking.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression , Logistic Models , Nicotine , Seoul , Smoke , Smoking Cessation , Smoking , Tobacco Use Disorder
13.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 236-244, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786624

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication is known to be effective for reducing the size of gastric hyperplastic polyps (HPPs). This study investigated the change in size of gastric HPPs after H. pylori eradication.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective study that enrolled 25 H. pylori-positive patients diagnosed as having HPPs at Korea University Guro Hospital between July 2015 and July 2016. If the patient wanted to receive eradication therapy, medication was given. If the patients refused eradication, only clinical follow-up was performed. All patients were subsequently followed up with endoscopic examination to determine any change in polyp size.RESULTS: Eighteen of the 25 H. pylori-positive patients diagnosed as having HPPs were given an eradication regimen, and 17 were confirmed to have achieved successful eradication. Twelve (70.8%) of the 17 patients in the eradication group showed ≥50% reduction in size, while two (25.0%) of the eight patients in the non-eradication group showed 50% reduction. The polyp regression rate was significantly higher in the eradication group (P=0.03). A multivariate analysis revealed that H. pylori eradication (OR, 40.047; 95% CI, 1.112~1442.767; P=0.044) and female sex (OR, 12.947; 95% CI, 1.038~161.503; P=0.047) were significant predictive factors of HPP regression.CONCLUSIONS: H. pylori eradication is an effective therapeutic modality for gastric HPP regression.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Polyps , Prospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
14.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 311-317, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997345

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Bisphosphonate (BP) is the first-line therapy for the management of osteoporosis. BP-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and atypical femoral fracture (AFF) are increasingly common comorbidities in patients with osteoporosis under long-term BP treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for AFF features on bone scintigraphy in patients with BRONJ.@*METHODS@#Among total of 373 BRONJ patients treated between September 2005 and July 2014, 237 (220 women, 17 men; median age 73 years) who underwent three-phase bone scintigraphy were enrolled for this retrospective study. AFF features on bone scintigraphy and the related clinical factors were assessed.@*RESULTS@#Among 237 patients with BRONJ, 11 (4.6%) showed AFF features on bone scintigraphy. BP medication duration (p = 0.049) correlated significantly with AFF features on bone scintigraphy in patients with BRONJ. BP intake duration of 34 months was the cutoff value for predicting the presence of AFF features on bone scintigraphy. Among the patients with BRONJ, all those with AFF features on bone scintigraphy were female patients with osteoporosis who were on oral BP medication; however, these factors were not significantly different along with AFF features on bone scintigraphy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The incidence of AFF features on bone scintigraphy was relatively high in patients with BRONJ. A careful observation of patients presenting with the AFF features on bone scintigraphy may be needed, particularly for female BRONJ patients with osteoporosis who have been on BP medication for over 34 months.

15.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 322-324, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766721

ABSTRACT

Oculogyric crisis is an acute dystonia involving ocular muscles characterized by sustained conjugate upward or lateral deviation of the eyes. Metronidazole is a commonly used antimicrobial agent in treatment of anaerobic infections. However, its long-term use can cause toxic encephalopathy particularly in patients with hepatic dysfunction. Here, we describe a case of oculogyric crisis as a presenting manifestation of metronidazole-induced encephalopathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain Diseases , Dystonia , Metronidazole , Muscles , Neurotoxicity Syndromes
16.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 280-288, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740738

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sleep impairment is a common complaint among patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sleep impairment in FD or IBS patients, and to determine whether IBS-FD overlap induced more sleep disturbance than FD or IBS alone. METHODS: A population-based cohort in South Korea including 2251 subjects was asked about gastrointestinal symptoms including IBS and dyspepsia-related symptoms. In addition, sleep disturbance was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale questionnaires. One-way ANOVA and logistic regression were used to assess differences among the 4 groups (healthy subjects, IBS alone, FD alone, and IBS-FD overlap). RESULTS: Of 2251 subjects who were surveyed by questionnaire, 2031 responded (92.5% response rate) and were analyzed. The prevalence of IBS, FD, and IBS-FD overlap was 8.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.8–9.2%), 4.8% (95% CI, 3.9–5.8%), and 1.8% (95% CI, 1.2–2.4%), respectively. FD alone, but not IBS alone, was significantly associated with a poorer sleep quality index (OR, 2.68; 95% CI, 1.43–5.01) and more daytime sleepiness (OR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.14–4.30), compared to healthy subjects. IBS-FD overlap had the greatest likelihood of a poorer sleep quality index (OR, 3.88; 95% CI, 1.83–8.19), daytime sleepiness (OR, 2.47; 95% CI, 1.01–5.67), and insomnia (OR, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.39–5.82), compared to healthy subjects. CONCLUSION: A correlation between functional gastrointestinal disorders and sleep disturbance was demonstrated, which was significantly pronounced in the context of IBS-FD overlap.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Dyspepsia , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Healthy Volunteers , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Korea , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
17.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 72-79, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739689

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients may feel embarrassed during colonoscopy. Our study aimed to assess changes in patient preference, over the past decade, for the sex of their colonoscopist. METHODS: Prospective studies were performed at a single health center from July to September 2008, and from July to September 2016. Subjects included colonoscopy patients (2008: 354, 2016: 304) who were asked to complete a questionnaire before colonoscopy. RESULTS: In 2016, 69 patients (24.9%) expressed a sex preference, compared with 46 patients (14.6%) in 2008. By 2016, female patient preference for a female colonoscopist had significantly increased to 95% (odds ratio [OR], 2.678; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.418– 5.057; P=0.002). In multivariate analysis, patient sex (OR, 4.404; P=0.000), patient age (OR, 0.977; 95% CI, 0.961–0.992; P=0.004), and year of procedure (OR, 1.674; 95% CI, 1.028–2.752) were statistically significant factors in sex preference. Between 2008 and 2016, female patients preferred a female colonoscopist because of embarrassment. Male patients also preferred a male colonoscopist, and the primary reason shifted from expertise to patient embarrassment (2008: 29%, 2016: 63%). CONCLUSIONS: Patients have an increased gender preference for the colonoscopist because of embarrassment. Taking this into account can increase patient satisfaction during colonoscopy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Colonoscopy , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Patient Preference , Patient Satisfaction , Prospective Studies
18.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 481-488, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prognostic value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were 76 patients with newly diagnosed myeloma and pretreatment with 18F-FDG PET/CT from four hospitals. The PET/CT features were evaluated and the clinical characteristics were reviewed. Prognostic factors related to poor progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were identified using a Cox proportional hazards regression model and a prediction scale was developed based on the identified factors. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis showed that the presence of 18F-FDG-avid focal bone lesions (≥ 3) was a significant and independent predictor of PFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 3.28, p = 0.007) and OS (HR = 11.78, p = 0.001). The presence of extramedullary disease on PET/CT scan was also a significant predictor of poor PFS (HR = 2.79, p = 0.006) and OS (HR = 3.89, p = 0.003). A prognostic scale was developed using these two predictors. An increase in score on the scale corresponded to a significantly increased risk of poor OS (p = 0.005). In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated that patient survival varied significantly according to the scale (p < 0.001 for OS and p = 0.001 for PFS). CONCLUSION: 18F-FDG-avid focal lesions and the presence of extramedullary disease on PET/CT scan are significantly associated with poor OS in MM patients. The scale developed according to these predictors represents a potential prognostic tool for evaluation of patients with MM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Electrons , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis
19.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 213-218, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713778

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several previous studies suggest that eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) leads to the disappearance of gastric hyperplastic polyps. However, little is known about the effect of H. pylori status and eradication on the recurrence of gastric polyps after endoscopic removal. Here, we investigated the recurrence of gastric polyps according to the final H. pylori status in patients who underwent endoscopic removal of gastric hyperplastic polyps. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2016, patients who underwent endoscopic removal of gastric hyperplastic polyps and were followed-up for more than two months were enrolled. The success of H. pylori eradication was assessed by histology and rapid urease test or urea breath test, at least 4 weeks after the completion of eradication treatment. At follow-up, the recurrence of gastric polyp was evaluated via esophagogastroduodenoscopy. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients were enrolled. During the mean follow-up period of 16.4 months, the recurrence rate of gastric polyp was 25.3%. Among those who received H. pylori eradication therapy, the H. pylori persistent group showed a higher recurrence of polyp than the H. pylori eradicated group; but there was no statistical significance (42.9% vs. 21.7%, p=0.269). Regarding the final H. pylori infection status, the recurrence rate of gastric polyps was significantly higher in the H. pylori positive group than in the H. pylori negative group (42.9% vs. 18.9%, p=0.031). In multivariate analysis, the final H. pylori infection status was a significant risk factor for gastric polyp recurrence after endoscopic removal. CONCLUSIONS: The final positive H. pylori infection status is significantly associated with higher recurrence of gastric hyperplastic polyps after endoscopic removal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breath Tests , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Multivariate Analysis , Polyps , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms , Urea , Urease
20.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 311-317, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786997

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Bisphosphonate (BP) is the first-line therapy for the management of osteoporosis. BP-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) and atypical femoral fracture (AFF) are increasingly common comorbidities in patients with osteoporosis under long-term BP treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for AFF features on bone scintigraphy in patients with BRONJ.METHODS: Among total of 373 BRONJ patients treated between September 2005 and July 2014, 237 (220 women, 17 men; median age 73 years) who underwent three-phase bone scintigraphy were enrolled for this retrospective study. AFF features on bone scintigraphy and the related clinical factors were assessed.RESULTS: Among 237 patients with BRONJ, 11 (4.6%) showed AFF features on bone scintigraphy. BP medication duration (p = 0.049) correlated significantly with AFF features on bone scintigraphy in patients with BRONJ. BP intake duration of 34 months was the cutoff value for predicting the presence of AFF features on bone scintigraphy. Among the patients with BRONJ, all those with AFF features on bone scintigraphy were female patients with osteoporosis who were on oral BP medication; however, these factors were not significantly different along with AFF features on bone scintigraphy.CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of AFF features on bone scintigraphy was relatively high in patients with BRONJ. A careful observation of patients presenting with the AFF features on bone scintigraphy may be needed, particularly for female BRONJ patients with osteoporosis who have been on BP medication for over 34 months.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Comorbidity , Femoral Fractures , Incidence , Jaw , Osteonecrosis , Osteoporosis , Prevalence , Radionuclide Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
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