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1.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 171-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915904

ABSTRACT

Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a spindle cell neoplasm that occurs commonly in the pleural space. One-third of SFTs arising from an extrathoracic organ are found in the head and neck region, and they arise rarely in the sinonasal tract. Most of these tumors are benign, but malignant tumors are identified in some cases. Here we report a rare sinonasal SFT arising from the frontal recess. A 32-year-old male patient with chief complaint of headache and left facial pain visited the outpatient clinic. He had suffered from paranasal pain and nasal obstruction for several months, and symptoms became more severe in the previous three months. The mass rapidly increased in size and was protruding from the left nostril when he visited the hospital. After computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans, transnasal endoscopic resection of the tumor was performed, and gross total tumor removal was successfully achieved. We believe this case will be helpful for providing information regarding management of such uncommon huge sinonasal tumors originating from the frontal recess.

2.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 66-71, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874935

ABSTRACT

Metastasis to the sinonasal cavity is rare. Late recurrence, such as metastasis developing 10 years or more after nephrectomy, is even more rare. We present a rare case of late metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in the maxillary sinus after nephrectomy and discuss reported sinonasal metastatic RCC cases. A 64-year-old man presented with left nasal obstruction for the previous one year. He had undergone right nephrectomy to treat RCC 12 years prior. Paranasal sinus computed tomography and magnetic resolution imaging revealed a 4.6-cm-diameter mass exhibiting delayed contrast enhancement that filled the left maxillary sinus and the nasal cavity. Histologically, clear cell RCC was diagnosed. We resected the maxillary sinus tumor to resolve the nasal obstruction for palliative symptom relief. There has been no evidence of recurrence to date, 3 years postoperatively. When a patient with a history of RCC presents with a hypervascular paranasal sinus mass, metastatic RCC should be considered, despite history of nephrectomy. It is important to make an appropriate treatment plan depending on extent of metastases and location of the metastatic tumor.

3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1044-1053, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902442

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Motion-corrected averaging with a single-shot technique was introduced for faster acquisition of late-gadoliniumenhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging while free-breathing. We aimed to evaluate the image quality (IQ) of free-breathing motion-corrected single-shot LGE (moco-ss-LGE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). @*Materials and Methods@#Between April and December 2019, 30 patients (23 men; median age, 48.5; interquartile range [IQR], 36.5–61.3) with HCM were prospectively enrolled. Breath-held single-shot LGE (bh-ss-LGE) and free-breathing mocoss-LGE images were acquired in random order on a 3T MR system. Semi-quantitative IQ scores, contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs), and quantitative size of myocardial scar were assessed on pairs of bh-ss-LGE and moco-ss-LGE. The mean ± standard deviation of the parameters was obtained. The results were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. @*Results@#The moco-ss-LGE images had better IQ scores than the bh-ss-LGE images (4.55 ± 0.55 vs. 3.68 ± 0.45, p < 0.001). The CNR of the scar to the remote myocardium (34.46 ± 11.85 vs. 26.13 ± 10.04, p < 0.001), scar to left ventricle (LV) cavity (13.09 ± 7.95 vs. 9.84 ± 6.65, p = 0.030), and LV cavity to remote myocardium (33.12 ± 15.53 vs. 22.69 ± 11.27, p < 0.001) were consistently greater for moco-ss-LGE images than for bh-ss-LGE images. Measurements of scar size did not differ significantly between LGE pairs using the following three different quantification methods: 1) full width at half-maximum method; 23.84 ± 12.88% vs. 24.05 ± 12.81% (p = 0.820), 2) 6-standard deviation method, 15.14 ± 10.78% vs. 15.99 ± 10.99% (p = 0.186), and 3) 3-standard deviation method; 36.51 ± 17.60% vs. 37.50 ± 17.90% (p = 0.785). @*Conclusion@#Motion-corrected averaging may allow for superior IQ and CNRs with free-breathing in single-shot LGE imaging, with a herald of free-breathing moco-ss-LGE as the scar imaging technique of choice for clinical practice.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899911

ABSTRACT

Background@#The incidence of early-onset diabetes is increasing among young adults.However, there are limited data on the characteristics and management of young Korean adults with diabetes. This study assessed the clinical and demographic characteristics, health behaviors, and mental health among young Korean adults with diabetes mellitus. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study included young Korean adults with diabetes (n = 225) with an onset age of 20–39 years from four university hospitals. Demographic characteristics, management of diabetes, and mental health were assessed using a questionnaire survey. @*Results@#Type 2 diabetes was the most common type (73.3%), and 13.8% of participants were classified as other types or unknown. Approximately, 64.7% of participants had a strong family history of diabetes, and 76% had treatment within three months of diagnosis.Approximately, 11.1% of participants had diabetic complications; 39.1% of participants received insulin injections, including oral anti-diabetic medications. Additionally, 30.4% were smokers, and only 28% had active physical activity; 26.5% of participants had >3 hours of screen time. One third of participants never had breakfast, and 60.5% went out to eat at least three times a week. Half of the participants showed moderate to severe stress perception, and 21.4% of patients had moderate to severe levels of depression based on the Korean version of Beck Depression Inventory score. @*Conclusion@#Early-onset diabetes was associated with a strong family history and early insulin treatment. Young adults with diabetes had poor health behaviors and frequent mental depression. These findings suggest the necessity of health policies for improving health behaviors and mental distress.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1044-1053, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894738

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Motion-corrected averaging with a single-shot technique was introduced for faster acquisition of late-gadoliniumenhancement (LGE) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging while free-breathing. We aimed to evaluate the image quality (IQ) of free-breathing motion-corrected single-shot LGE (moco-ss-LGE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). @*Materials and Methods@#Between April and December 2019, 30 patients (23 men; median age, 48.5; interquartile range [IQR], 36.5–61.3) with HCM were prospectively enrolled. Breath-held single-shot LGE (bh-ss-LGE) and free-breathing mocoss-LGE images were acquired in random order on a 3T MR system. Semi-quantitative IQ scores, contrast-to-noise ratios (CNRs), and quantitative size of myocardial scar were assessed on pairs of bh-ss-LGE and moco-ss-LGE. The mean ± standard deviation of the parameters was obtained. The results were compared using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. @*Results@#The moco-ss-LGE images had better IQ scores than the bh-ss-LGE images (4.55 ± 0.55 vs. 3.68 ± 0.45, p < 0.001). The CNR of the scar to the remote myocardium (34.46 ± 11.85 vs. 26.13 ± 10.04, p < 0.001), scar to left ventricle (LV) cavity (13.09 ± 7.95 vs. 9.84 ± 6.65, p = 0.030), and LV cavity to remote myocardium (33.12 ± 15.53 vs. 22.69 ± 11.27, p < 0.001) were consistently greater for moco-ss-LGE images than for bh-ss-LGE images. Measurements of scar size did not differ significantly between LGE pairs using the following three different quantification methods: 1) full width at half-maximum method; 23.84 ± 12.88% vs. 24.05 ± 12.81% (p = 0.820), 2) 6-standard deviation method, 15.14 ± 10.78% vs. 15.99 ± 10.99% (p = 0.186), and 3) 3-standard deviation method; 36.51 ± 17.60% vs. 37.50 ± 17.90% (p = 0.785). @*Conclusion@#Motion-corrected averaging may allow for superior IQ and CNRs with free-breathing in single-shot LGE imaging, with a herald of free-breathing moco-ss-LGE as the scar imaging technique of choice for clinical practice.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892207

ABSTRACT

Background@#The incidence of early-onset diabetes is increasing among young adults.However, there are limited data on the characteristics and management of young Korean adults with diabetes. This study assessed the clinical and demographic characteristics, health behaviors, and mental health among young Korean adults with diabetes mellitus. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study included young Korean adults with diabetes (n = 225) with an onset age of 20–39 years from four university hospitals. Demographic characteristics, management of diabetes, and mental health were assessed using a questionnaire survey. @*Results@#Type 2 diabetes was the most common type (73.3%), and 13.8% of participants were classified as other types or unknown. Approximately, 64.7% of participants had a strong family history of diabetes, and 76% had treatment within three months of diagnosis.Approximately, 11.1% of participants had diabetic complications; 39.1% of participants received insulin injections, including oral anti-diabetic medications. Additionally, 30.4% were smokers, and only 28% had active physical activity; 26.5% of participants had >3 hours of screen time. One third of participants never had breakfast, and 60.5% went out to eat at least three times a week. Half of the participants showed moderate to severe stress perception, and 21.4% of patients had moderate to severe levels of depression based on the Korean version of Beck Depression Inventory score. @*Conclusion@#Early-onset diabetes was associated with a strong family history and early insulin treatment. Young adults with diabetes had poor health behaviors and frequent mental depression. These findings suggest the necessity of health policies for improving health behaviors and mental distress.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920250

ABSTRACT

Nasal vestibular stenosis is an uncommon cause of nasal obstruction. There are various causes of the narrowing of vestibule, including previous trauma, surgery, infection, and iatrogenic injury. The disease is characterized by circumferential scar retraction in inlet of nasal cavities which are caused by secondary proliferation of granulation and fibrous tissue. A number of studies were reported on the surgical correction of vestibular stenosis, but no single technique had been widely accepted due to a wide spectrum treatment methods owing to the various causes of disease and deformities of the related anatomy. Here we suggest a new surgical technique for correcting a case of vestibular stenosis caused by trauma.

8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920162

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic medial maxillectomy (EMM) and its modifications are surgical techniques are used to treat recalcitrant maxillary sinusitis as well as maxillary sinus tumors. In this report, we propose a simple and efficient modification of EMM, called endoscopic trans-turbinal medial maxillectomy (ETTMM), by which the inferior turbinate (IT), nasolacrimal duct, and anatomical integrity of the nasal valve area are preserved. A total of 10 patients (five tumorous and five nontumorous maxillary diseases) underwent ETTMM. Briefly, a turbinate mucosal flap on the superior aspect of the IT was elevated after middle meatal antrostomy. Then a trans-turbinal window was developed to expose the inferior meatus, after which an extended maxillary antrostomy was generated. Finally, the turbinate mucosal flap was repositioned after complete removal of the antral lesions. All lesions were successfully treated using ETTMM. Our modification was easy to perform, and we achieved good endoscopic visualization and accessibility throughout the whole antrum by creating a trans-turbinal window and extended maxillary antrostomy. We could perform postoperative surveillance easily through the wide antrostomy using rigid endoscopes of various angles. ETTMM is a simple and useful modification of EMM that provides clear visualization and great accessibility to most aspects of the maxillary antrum while preserving the nasal functional units, including the IT and nasal valve area.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834049

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#With recent changes in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, patients’ active decision-making has become more important. Nevertheless, it is difficult to give patients proper insights into the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine associated factors between pancreatic cancer awareness and treatment decisions as well as how cancer awareness affects the timing of treatment decisions and the desired treatment method. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective study that reviewed and analyzed the electronic medical records of 110 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer from January 2013 to April 2016. A "patient with pancreatic cancer awareness" means that the patient was informed of their disease state before making the first treatment decision. @*Results@#Of all, only 63.6% of patients (n=70) were shown to have pancreatic cancer awareness before making their first treatment decision. Compared to patients without pancreatic cancer awareness, patients with pancreatic cancer awareness were younger (65.00 vs. 76.98, t=6.70, p<0.001), were more likely to have presented their spouse as legal guardians (42.9% vs. 10.0%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001), and spent a shorter time for treatment decision-making (1.6 vs. 10.5 days, t=4.26, p<0.001). The patients without pancreatic cancer awareness were more likely to opt for best supportive care compared to the patients with pancreatic cancer awareness (79.5% vs. 28.6%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#This study provides insights into cancer awareness. Since cancer awareness appears to influence treatment decision, it is necessary to develop guidelines to improve cancer awareness of patients.

11.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 276-285, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832169

ABSTRACT

The area of endoscopic application has been continuously expanded since its introduction in the last century and the frequency of its use also increased stiffly in the last decades. Because gastrointestinal endoscopy is naturally exposed to diseased internal organs and contact with pathogenic materials, endoscopy mediated infection or disease transmission becomes a major concern in this field. Gastrointestinal endoscopy is not for single use and the proper reprocessing process is a critical factor for safe and reliable endoscopy procedures. What needed in these circumstances is a practical guideline for reprocessing the endoscope and its accessories which is feasible in the real clinical field to guarantee acceptable prevention of pathogen transmission. This guideline contains principles and instructions of the reprocessing procedure according to the step by step. And it newly includes general information and updated knowledge about endoscopy-mediated infection and disinfection. Multiple societies and working groups participated to revise; Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, the Korean Society of Infectious Diseases, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, the Korean Society of Gastroenterology, Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer, Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Nurses and Associates and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Through this cooperation, we enhanced communication and established a better concordance. We still need more researches in this field and fill up the unproven area. And our guidelines will be renewed accordingly.

12.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 9-17, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832113

ABSTRACT

Advanced colorectal cancer can cause acute colonic obstruction, which is a life-threatening condition that requires emergency bowel decompression. Malignant colonic obstruction has traditionally been treated using emergency surgery, including primary resection or stoma formation. However, relatively high rates of complications, such as anastomosis site leakage, have been considered as major concerns for emergency surgery. Endoscopic management of malignant colonic obstruction using a self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) was introduced 20 years ago and it has been used as a first-line palliative treatment. However, endoscopic treatment of malignant colonic obstruction using SEMSs as a bridge to surgery remains controversial owing to short-term complications and longterm oncological outcomes. In this review, the current status of and recommendations for endoscopic management using SEMSs for malignant colonic obstruction will be discussed.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830344

ABSTRACT

Background@#The disease burden caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) complex continues to decrease in most countries. However, the diseases caused by the nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) become a public health problem. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of three real-time PCR assays: AdvanSure TB/NTM real-time PCR kit (AdvanSure; LG Chem., Korea), Genedia MTB/NTM detection kit (Genedia; Green Cross MS, Korea), and PowerChek MTB/NTM Real-time PCR kit (PowerChek; Kogenebiotech, Korea) for the detection of MTB complex and NTM. @*Methods@#Total 102 acid-fast bacilli (AFB) smear-positive and 177 smear-negative specimens from Korea University Medical Center, Guro Hospital, were enrolled. The AFB smear-positive and negative specimens were collected from November 2016 to October 2017 and November to December 2018, respectively. DNA extraction was performed using Genedia Mycobacteria DNA prep Kit (Green Cross MS, Korea). The statistical analysis was performed using MedCalc 18.11.6 (MedCalc Software, Belgium). @*Results@#Among 261 specimens, 64 showed MTB complex growth and 28 exhibited NTM growth. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of AdvanSure/Genedia/PowerChek kits for MTB were 96.9%/95.3%/96.9%, 98.5%/99.5%/98.5%, 58.9%/80.9%/58.9%, and 99.9%/99.9%/99.9%. Whereas those for NTM detection were 81.5%/44.4%/88.9%, 99.6%/100.0%/98.7%, 57.3%/100.0%/32.8% and 99.9%/99.6%/99.9%, respectively. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of AdvanSure and PowerChek for NTM detection was statistically different from that of Genedia (P<0.0001). @*Conclusion@#Three real-time PCR assays were reliable for MTB complex in AFB-positive and -negative specimens. There was a difference between these three reagents for the accuracy of NTM detection.

14.
Article in 0 | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902100

ABSTRACT

The midline nasal dermoid cysts are rare congenital neoplasms, which are diagnosed frequently in childhood. Masses are often noticeable at birth gaining size over time with recurrent infections and usually arise from the nasal cavity or lower 1/3 of the nasal dorsum. CT scan as the primary investigation is helpful to determine accurately the size and extent of the lesion as well as the integrity of adjacent bony structures. MRI scan is recommended to rule out an intracranial extension or sinus tracts. Treatment of choice is the complete surgical excision preserving the cyst wall. Here in, we present an unusual case of nasofrontal dermoid cyst in a 19-year-old boy without radiographic evidence of transcranial extension. In this case, we surgically removed nasofrontal dermoid cyst via transcolumellar approach. We also corrected saddle nose deformity after mass removal. Therefore, in this case, we experienced a successful case in which the nasofrontal dermoid cyst was totally removed without facial scar and deformity.

15.
Article in 0 | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894396

ABSTRACT

The midline nasal dermoid cysts are rare congenital neoplasms, which are diagnosed frequently in childhood. Masses are often noticeable at birth gaining size over time with recurrent infections and usually arise from the nasal cavity or lower 1/3 of the nasal dorsum. CT scan as the primary investigation is helpful to determine accurately the size and extent of the lesion as well as the integrity of adjacent bony structures. MRI scan is recommended to rule out an intracranial extension or sinus tracts. Treatment of choice is the complete surgical excision preserving the cyst wall. Here in, we present an unusual case of nasofrontal dermoid cyst in a 19-year-old boy without radiographic evidence of transcranial extension. In this case, we surgically removed nasofrontal dermoid cyst via transcolumellar approach. We also corrected saddle nose deformity after mass removal. Therefore, in this case, we experienced a successful case in which the nasofrontal dermoid cyst was totally removed without facial scar and deformity.

16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920068

ABSTRACT

Previous pathophysiologic studies have revealed that the upper airway dimension reaches a minimal value at the end of expiration, and pharyngeal negative pressure is not an essential prerequisite for upper airway collapse. Furthermore, pharyngeal collapse occurs in spite of increased activity of upper airway dilator muscles in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) compared with normal subjects. Pharyngeal sensory threshold is elevated in patients with OSA, which contributes to inadequate activity of upper airway dilator muscles. Pharyngeal narrowing results in several types of airflow limitation, of whom the mechanisms are mainly explained using Starling resistor model and negative effort dependence. Several studies have been conducted over the past years to validate polysomnographic surrogate markers which indicate specific pathophysiologic phenotypes, and such attempts may be able to lead us to personalized treatment for OSA.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816614

ABSTRACT

X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD) occurs due to mutations in the ABCD1 gene that encodes the peroxisomal membrane protein peroxisomal transporter ATP-binding cassette sub-family D member 1 (ABCD1). Degradation of very long-chain fatty acids in peroxisomes is impaired owing to ABCD dysfunction, subsequently leading to adrenomyeloneuropathy, cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy, and adrenal insufficiency. X-ALD frequently induces idiopathic Addison's disease in young male patients. Here, we confirmed the diagnosis of X-ALD in a young male patient with primary adrenal insufficiency, and identified a novel ABCD1 gene mutation (p.Trp664*, c.1991 G>A).


Subject(s)
Addison Disease , Adrenal Insufficiency , Adrenoleukodystrophy , Diagnosis , Fatty Acids , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins , Peroxisomes
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 93-103, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719362

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the treatment efficacy and renal safety of long-term tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with preserved renal function. METHODS: The medical records of 919 CHB patients who were treated with TDF therapy were reviewed. All patients had preserved renal function with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of at least 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. RESULTS: A total of 426 patients (184 treatment-naïve and 242 treatment-experienced) were included for analysis. A virologic response (VR) was defined as achieving an undetectable serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level, and the overall VR was 74.9%, 86.7%, and 89.4% at the 1, 2, and 3-year follow-ups, respectively. Achieving a VR was not influenced by previous treatment experience, TDF combination therapy, or antiviral resistance. In a multivariate analysis, being hepatitis B e antigen positive at baseline and having a serum HBV DNA level ≥2,000 IU/mL at 12 months were associated with lower VR rates during the long-term TDF therapy. The overall renal impairment was 2.9%, 1.8%, and 1.7% at the 1, 2, and 3-year follow-ups, respectively. With regard to renal safety, underlying diabetes mellitus (DM) and an initial eGFR of 60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2 were significant independent predictors of renal impairment. CONCLUSIONS: TDF therapy appears to be an effective treatment option for CHB patients with a preserved GFR. However, patients with underlying DM and initial mild renal dysfunction (eGFR, 60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2) have an increased risk of renal impairment.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Diabetes Mellitus , DNA , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Renal Insufficiency , Tenofovir , Treatment Outcome
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