Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 257
Filter
1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 314-324, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966486

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Prognostic Index for Natural Killer Lymphoma (PINK) is the most widely accepted prognostic model for patients withextranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL) treated with non-anthracycline–based therapy. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic implications of serum β-2 microglobulin (β2M) in the context of PINK and proposed a new prognostic model. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 138 patients who were newly diagnosed with ENKTL and treated with non-anthracycline-based chemotherapy were identified. The cut-off value of high serum β2M was calculated by maximal-chi square methods (4.1 mg/L). A new prognostic model incorporating serum β2M into PINK was proposed and validated in an independent validation cohort (n=88). @*Results@#The patients’ median age was 53.5 years (range, 19 to 80 years). Patients with high serum β2M levels had significantly worse overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). In multivariate analysis, high serum β2M was an independent adverse prognostic factor for OS. A new PINK-B (Prognostic Index for Natural Killer Lymphoma-serum β-2 microglobulin) model stratifiedpatients into three groups with distinct OS and PFS in the training cohort (3-year OS, 84.1% [95% confidence interval, 75.1 to 94.2], 46.8% [36.1 to 60.8] and 17.6% [6.3 to 49.2] for the low-, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively; 3-year PFS, 70.6% [59.4 to 83.8], 35.9% [25.9 to 49.8], and 7.35% [1.1 to 46.7] for the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, respectively). The PINK-B model was further validated in an independent cohort. @*Conclusion@#Serum β2M is an independent prognostic factor for ENKTL patients. The new serum β2M-based prognostic model may be useful for identifying ultra-high-risk patients, and it can easily be adopted into daily clinical practice.

2.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 244-251, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000652

ABSTRACT

Chat generative pre-trained transformer (ChatGPT) is a chatbot developed by OpenAI that answers questions in a human-like manner. ChatGPT is a GPT language model that understands and responds to natural language created using a transformer, which is a new artificial neural network algorithm first introduced by Google in 2017. ChatGPT can be used to identify research topics and proofread English writing and R scripts to improve work efficiency and optimize time. Attempts to actively utilize generative artificial intelligence (AI) are expected to continue in clinical settings. However, ChatGPT still has many limitations for widespread use in clinical research, owing to AI hallucination symptoms and its training data constraints. Researchers recommend avoiding scientific writing using ChatGPT in many traditional journals because of the current lack of originality guidelines and plagiarism of content generated by ChatGPT. Further regulations and discussions on these topics are expected in the future.

3.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 63-68, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926786

ABSTRACT

Brain metastases are not rare in patients with renal cell carcinoma. However, there have been few reports of isolated brain metastases. In patients with localized renal masses, urologists tend to evaluate only the chest and abdomen region. We report the case of a 65-year-old patient who presented with sudden left-sided weakness. He underwent brain surgery after a mass was found on brain imaging. Histopathology analysis revealed a single brain metastasis that occurred 15 months after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma. Although the patient had been evaluated for localized kidney cancer in preoperative staging, he had not complained of any neurological symptoms before or after radical nephrectomy. Therefore, we had not perceived a need for brain evaluation at that time. This report is intended to draw attention to the need for further evaluation in patients with large renal masses, as well as patients with moderate to high recurrence risk scores.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 847-856, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897461

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of serum β2-microglobulin for patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and to propose a risk-stratifying classification system. @*Materials and Methods@#A prospective registry-based cohort study of BL patients treated with dose-intensive or effective dose-adjusted chemotherapies (n=81) was conducted. Survival outcomes were compared based on previously reported risk groups and/or serum β2-microglobulin levels. A risk-stratifying classification system incorporating serum β2-microglobulin levels was proposed and validated in an independent validation cohort (n=60). @*Results@#The median age was 47 years, and 57 patients (70.4%) were male. Patients with high serum β2-microglobulin levels (> 2 mg/L) had significantly worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (p 2 mg/L) was independently associated with a shorter PFS (hazards ratio [HR], 3.56; p=0.047) and OS (HR, 4.66; p=0.043). The new classification system incorporating the serum β2-microglobulin level allowed the stratification of patients into three distinct risk subgroups with 5-year OS rates of 100%, 89.5%, and 62.5%. In an independent cohort of BL, the system was validated by stratifying patients with different survival outcomes. @*Conclusion@#Serum β2-microglobulin level is an independent prognostic factor for BL patients. The proposed β2-microglobulin–based classification system could stratify patients with distinct survival outcomes, which may help define appropriate treatment approaches for individual patients.

5.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 847-856, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889757

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of serum β2-microglobulin for patients with Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and to propose a risk-stratifying classification system. @*Materials and Methods@#A prospective registry-based cohort study of BL patients treated with dose-intensive or effective dose-adjusted chemotherapies (n=81) was conducted. Survival outcomes were compared based on previously reported risk groups and/or serum β2-microglobulin levels. A risk-stratifying classification system incorporating serum β2-microglobulin levels was proposed and validated in an independent validation cohort (n=60). @*Results@#The median age was 47 years, and 57 patients (70.4%) were male. Patients with high serum β2-microglobulin levels (> 2 mg/L) had significantly worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) (p 2 mg/L) was independently associated with a shorter PFS (hazards ratio [HR], 3.56; p=0.047) and OS (HR, 4.66; p=0.043). The new classification system incorporating the serum β2-microglobulin level allowed the stratification of patients into three distinct risk subgroups with 5-year OS rates of 100%, 89.5%, and 62.5%. In an independent cohort of BL, the system was validated by stratifying patients with different survival outcomes. @*Conclusion@#Serum β2-microglobulin level is an independent prognostic factor for BL patients. The proposed β2-microglobulin–based classification system could stratify patients with distinct survival outcomes, which may help define appropriate treatment approaches for individual patients.

6.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 202-209, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903281

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer who are unfit for surgery or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) at our institution. @*Materials and Methods@#From May 2007 to December 2018, HFRT was used to treat 68 lesions in 64 patients who were unsuitable for SBRT because of central tumor location, large tumor size, or contiguity with the chest wall. The HFRT schedule included a dose of 50–70 Gy delivered in 10 fractions over 2 weeks. The primary outcome was freedom from local progression (FFLP), and the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), disease-free survival, and toxicities. @*Results@#The median follow-up period was 25.5 months (range, 5.3 to 119.9 months). The FFLP rates were 79.8% and 67.8% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. The OS rates were 82.8% and 64.1% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. A larger planning target volume was associated with lower FFLP (p = 0.023). Dose escalation was not associated with FFLP (p = 0.964). Four patients (6.3%) experienced grade 3–5 pulmonary toxicities. Tumor location, central or peripheral, was not associated with either grade 3 or higher toxicity. @*Conclusion@#HFRT with 50–70 Gy in 10 fractions demonstrated acceptable toxicity; however, the local control rate can be improved compared with the results of SBRT. More studies are required in patients who are unfit for SBRT to investigate the optimal fractionation scheme.

7.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 202-209, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895577

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer who are unfit for surgery or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) at our institution. @*Materials and Methods@#From May 2007 to December 2018, HFRT was used to treat 68 lesions in 64 patients who were unsuitable for SBRT because of central tumor location, large tumor size, or contiguity with the chest wall. The HFRT schedule included a dose of 50–70 Gy delivered in 10 fractions over 2 weeks. The primary outcome was freedom from local progression (FFLP), and the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), disease-free survival, and toxicities. @*Results@#The median follow-up period was 25.5 months (range, 5.3 to 119.9 months). The FFLP rates were 79.8% and 67.8% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. The OS rates were 82.8% and 64.1% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. A larger planning target volume was associated with lower FFLP (p = 0.023). Dose escalation was not associated with FFLP (p = 0.964). Four patients (6.3%) experienced grade 3–5 pulmonary toxicities. Tumor location, central or peripheral, was not associated with either grade 3 or higher toxicity. @*Conclusion@#HFRT with 50–70 Gy in 10 fractions demonstrated acceptable toxicity; however, the local control rate can be improved compared with the results of SBRT. More studies are required in patients who are unfit for SBRT to investigate the optimal fractionation scheme.

8.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1539-1546, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916399

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare the stereoacuity between patients with anisometropic amblyopia who were treated and achieved normal visual acuity (VA) and normal children and evaluate the factors associated with stereoacuity. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of 37 pediatric patients with anisometropic amblyopia who recovered to normal VA with glasses and occlusion treatment (amblyopia group) and 34 normal children (control group). The Worth 4-dot test, Lang II test, Titmus test, and TNO test were performed to measure stereoacuity. Clinical characteristics were compared between the two groups, and factors affecting stereoacuity outcomes were also analyzed in the amblyopic group. @*Results@#The mean age at diagnosis of amblyopia was 5.3 ± 1.4 years, and the mean VAs at diagnosis were 0.41 ± 0.24 and 0.06 ± 0.07 in amblyopic and fellow eyes, respectively. The mean duration of occlusion was 19.00 ± 9.44 months, and VA of amblyopic eyes improved to 0.04 ± 0.04 after occlusion treatment. The patient characteristics did not differ significantly between the two groups, except for the final VA of the amblyopic eye. The final mean logarithm of minimal angle of resolution VA of the amblyopic eye in the amblyopia group was significantly worse than that in the control group. The number of patients with normal stereoacuity was significantly lower in the amblyopia group than in the control group on Lang II, Titmus, and TNO tests. Factors associated with poor stereoacuity were severe amblyopia in the Lang II test and poor post-treatment VA of the amblyopic eye in the Titmus test. @*Conclusions@#Stereoacuity was worse in the amblyopia group than in the control group, despite normal visual development. The depth of amblyopia and post-treatment VA were associated with stereoacuity outcomes. Thus, VA improvement should be closely monitored in the amblyopic eye to obtain good stereoacuity.

9.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 145-153, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874897

ABSTRACT

A 57-year-old man with left flank pain was referred to our institute. Computed tomography scans revealed two enhancing masses in the left kidney. The clinical diagnosis was renal cell carcinoma (RCC). He underwent a radical nephrectomy with an adrenalectomy. Two well-circumscribed solid masses in the hilum and the lower pole (4.5 × 3.5 cm and 7.0 × 4.1 cm) were present. Poorly cohesive uniform round to polygonal epithelioid cells making solid sheets accounted for most of the tumor area. The initial diagnosis was RCC, undifferentiated with rhabdoid features. As the tumor showed loss of INI1 expression and a mutation in the SMARCB1 gene on chromosome 22, the revised diagnosis was a malignant rhabdoid tumor (MRT) of the kidney. To date, only a few cases of renal MRT in adults have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of MRT in the native kidney of an adult demonstrating a SMARCB1 gene mutation, a hallmark of MRT.

10.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 147-154, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836781

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We evaluated the clinical performance of Prostate Health Index (PHI) density with [-2]proPSA (p2PSA)and its derivatives in predicting the presence of prostate cancer (PCa) in Korean men. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 706 men with total prostate-specific antigen (tPSA)≥2.5 ng/mL who underwenttheir first prostate biopsy were included in this prospective, multicenter, observational study. Diagnostic accuracyof tPSA, free-to-total PSA ratio (%fPSA), p2PSA, %p2PSA, the Beckman Coulter PHI, and PHI density wasassessed by receiver operating characteristic curve analyses and logistic regression analyses. PHI was calculatedas [(p2PSA/free PSA)×tPSA½], and density calculations were performed using prostate volume as determinedby transrectal ultrasonography. @*Results@#Overall, PCa was detected in 367 of all subjects (52%). In men with tPSA 2.5–10 ng/mL, the detectionrate of PCa was 41.1% (188 of 457). In this group, PHI and PHI density were the most accurate predictorsof PCa and significantly outperformed tPSA and %fPSA; area under the curve for tPSA, %fPSA, %p2PSA, PHI,and PHI density was 0.58, 0.68, 0.70, 0.75, 0.73 respectively. PHI and PHI density were also the strongestpredictor of PCa with Gleason score ≥7. @*Conclusions@#Based on the present prospective multicenter experience, PHI and PHI density demonstrate thesuperior clinical performance in predicting the presence of PCa in Korean men with tPSA 2.5–10 ng/mL.

11.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 307-312, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811335

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of neovascular glaucoma after intraocular lens iris fixation, in which the neovascularization of the iris and the anterior chamber improved with only intraocular pressure (IOP) lowering agents, without treatment of the underlying cause.CASE SUMMARY: A 74-year-old woman who had undergone bilateral cataract surgery presented with left ocular pain and headache that started 3 days previously. At the initial examination, the best-corrected visual acuity was 0.9, and the IOP was 38 mmHg in the left eye. Slit-lamp examination of the left eye revealed diffuse iris neovascularization and several polypropylene suture knots fixated in the superior and inferior iris. Gonioscopic examination revealed angle neovascularization in all quadrants, with focal peripheral anterior synechia in the inferior quadrant. Fundus examination presented inferior neuroretinal rim thinning and an inferior retinal nerve fiber layer defect in the left eye. Fluorescent angiography showed no ischemic retinal lesions, with the exception of several retinal microaneurysms. Six months after topical IOP-lowering treatment in the left eye, the IOP was 10 mmHg, and neovascularization of the iris and angle had regressed completely.CONCLUSIONS: In the case of early-stage neovascular glaucoma with partial angle closure not associated with retinal ischemia, IOP-lowering treatment can be effective without other invasive procedures.

13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 486-492, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009702

ABSTRACT

We aimed to develop and validate a clinical nomogram predicting bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) solely using routine clinical parameters in men with refractory nonneurogenic lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). A total of 750 eligible patients ≥50 years of age who had previously not responded (International Prostate Symptom Score [IPSS] improvement <4 points) to at least three different kinds of LUTS medications (including a-blocker) for the last 6 months were evaluated as subcohorts for nomogram development (n = 570) and for split-sample validation (n = 180). BOO was defined as Abrams-Griffiths number ≥40, or 20-39.9 with a slope of linear passive urethral resistance ratio >2 cmH2O ml-1 s-1. A stepwise multivariable logistic regression analysis was conducted to determine the predictors of BOO, and b-coefficients of the final model were selected to create a clinical nomogram. The final multivariable logistic regression model showed that age, IPSS, maximum urinary flow rate, postvoid residual volume, total prostate volume, and transitional zone index were significant for predicting BOO; these candidates were used to develop the final nomogram. The discrimination performance of the nomogram was 88.3% (95% CI: 82.7%-93.0%, P < 0.001), and the nomogram was reasonably well-fitted to the ideal line of the calibration plot. Independent split-sample validation revealed 80.9% (95% CI: 75.5%-84.4%, P < 0.001) accuracy. The proposed BOO nomogram based solely on routine clinical parameters was accurate and validated properly. This nomogram may be useful in determining further treatment, primarily focused on prostatic surgery for BOO, without impeding the detection of possible BOO in men with LUTS that is refractory to empirical medications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/physiopathology , Nomograms , Prostate/pathology , ROC Curve , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction/physiopathology , Urodynamics
14.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 224-231, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761006

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the patterns of recurrence in patients with neuroblastoma treated with radiation therapy to the primary tumor site. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with high-risk neuroblastoma managed with definitive treatment with radiation therapy to the primary tumor site between January 2003 and June 2017. These patients underwent three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy or intensity-modulated radiation therapy. A total of 14–36 Gy was delivered to the planning target volume, which included the primary tumor bed and the selected metastatic site. The disease stage was determined according to the International Neuroblastoma Staging System (INSS). We evaluated the recurrence pattern (i.e., local or systemic), progression-free survival, and overall survival. RESULTS: A total of 40 patients with high-risk neuroblastoma were included in this study. The median patient age was 4 years (range, 1 to 11 years). Thirty patients (75%) had INSS stage 4 neuroblastoma. At the median follow-up of 58 months, there were 6 cases of local recurrence and 10 cases of systemic recurrence. Among the 6 local failure cases, 4 relapsed adjacent to the radiation field. The other 2 relapsed in the radiation field (i.e., para-aortic and retroperitoneal areas). The main sites of distant metastasis were the bone, lymph nodes, and bone marrow. The 5-year progression-free survival was 70.9% and the 5-year overall survival was 74.3%. CONCLUSION: Radiation therapy directed at the primary tumor site provides good local control. It seems to be adequate for disease control in patients with high-risk neuroblastoma after chemotherapy and surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neuroblastoma , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
15.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 435-439, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770083

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the efficacy of blood mixed cement for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures in reducing the complications of percutaneous vertebroplasty using conventional cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed retrospectively in 80 patients, from January 2016 to January 2017. Porous cement was formed by mixing 2, 4, and 6 ml of blood with 20 g of cement used previously. A tube with a diameter and length of 2.8 mm and 215 mm, respectively, was used and the polymerization temperature, setting time, and optimal passing-time were measured and compared with those using only conventional cement. Radiologically, the results were evaluated and compared. RESULTS: The polymerization temperature was 70.3℃, 55.3℃, 52.7℃, and 45.5℃ in the conventional cement (R), 2 ml (B2), 4 ml (B4), and 6 ml (B6), respectively, and the corresponding setting time decreased from 960 seconds (R) to 558 seconds (B2), 533 seconds (B4), and 500 seconds (B6). The optimal passing-time was 45 seconds (B2), 60 seconds (B4), and 78 seconds (B6) at 73 seconds (R), respectively and as the amount of blood increased, it was similar to the cement passing-time. The radiological results showed that the height restoration rates and the vertebral subsidence rates similar among the groups. Two cases of adjacent vertebral compression fractures in the R group and one in the B2 and B4 groups were encountered, and the leakage rate of the cement was approximately two times higher than that in the conventional cement group. CONCLUSION: In conventional percutaneous vertebroplasty, the procedure of using autologous blood with cement decreased the polymerization temperature, reduced the setting time, and the incidence of cement leakage was low. These properties may contribute to more favorable mechanical properties that can reduce the complications compared to conventional cements alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fractures, Compression , Incidence , Polymerization , Polymers , Retrospective Studies , Vertebroplasty
16.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 753-760, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788729

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of optimization in dose-limiting shell method on the dosimetric quality of CyberKnife (CK) plans in treating brain metastases (BMs).METHODS: We selected 19 BMs previously treated using CK between 2014 and 2015. The original CK plans (CKoriginal) had been produced using 1 to 3 dose-limiting shells : one at the prescription isodose level (PIDL) for dose conformity and the others at lowisodose levels (10–30% of prescription dose) for dose spillage. In each case, a modified CK plan (CKmodified) was generated using 5 dose-limiting shells : one at the PIDL, another at intermediate isodose level (50% of prescription dose) for steeper dose fall-off, and the others at low-isodose levels, with an optimized shell-dilation size based on our experience. A Gamma Knife (GK) plan was also produced using the original contour set. Thus, three data sets of dosimetric parameters were generated and compared.RESULTS: There were no differences in the conformity indices among the CKoriginal, CKmodified, and GK plans (mean 1.22, 1.18, and 1.24, respectively; p=0.079) and tumor coverage (mean 99.5%, 99.5%, and 99.4%, respectively; p=0.177), whereas the CKmodified plans produced significantly smaller normal tissue volumes receiving 50% of prescription dose than those produced by the CKoriginal plans (p < 0.001), with no statistical differences in those volumes compared with GK plans (p=0.345).CONCLUSION: These results indicate that significantly steeper dose fall-off is able to be achieved in the CK system by optimizing the shell function while maintaining high conformity of dose to tumor.


Subject(s)
Brain , Dataset , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prescriptions , Radiosurgery
17.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 753-760, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of optimization in dose-limiting shell method on the dosimetric quality of CyberKnife (CK) plans in treating brain metastases (BMs). METHODS: We selected 19 BMs previously treated using CK between 2014 and 2015. The original CK plans (CKoriginal) had been produced using 1 to 3 dose-limiting shells : one at the prescription isodose level (PIDL) for dose conformity and the others at lowisodose levels (10–30% of prescription dose) for dose spillage. In each case, a modified CK plan (CKmodified) was generated using 5 dose-limiting shells : one at the PIDL, another at intermediate isodose level (50% of prescription dose) for steeper dose fall-off, and the others at low-isodose levels, with an optimized shell-dilation size based on our experience. A Gamma Knife (GK) plan was also produced using the original contour set. Thus, three data sets of dosimetric parameters were generated and compared. RESULTS: There were no differences in the conformity indices among the CKoriginal, CKmodified, and GK plans (mean 1.22, 1.18, and 1.24, respectively; p=0.079) and tumor coverage (mean 99.5%, 99.5%, and 99.4%, respectively; p=0.177), whereas the CKmodified plans produced significantly smaller normal tissue volumes receiving 50% of prescription dose than those produced by the CKoriginal plans (p < 0.001), with no statistical differences in those volumes compared with GK plans (p=0.345). CONCLUSION: These results indicate that significantly steeper dose fall-off is able to be achieved in the CK system by optimizing the shell function while maintaining high conformity of dose to tumor.


Subject(s)
Brain , Dataset , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prescriptions , Radiosurgery
18.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 295-303, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741961

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated prognostic value of the 8th edition of the American Joint Committee on Cancer/International Union for Cancer Control (AJCC/UICC) staging system for nasopharyngeal cancer and investigated whether tumor volume/metabolic information refined prognostication of anatomy based staging system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred thirty-three patients with nasopharyngeal cancer who were staged with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) between 2004 and 2013 were reviewed. Multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate prognostic value of the 8th edition of the AJCC/UICC staging system and other factors including gross tumor volume and maximum standardized uptake value of primary tumor (GTV-T and SUV-T). RESULTS: Median follow-up period was 63 months. In multivariate analysis for overall survival (OS), stage group (stage I-II vs. III-IVA) was the only significant prognostic factor. However, 5-year OS rates were not significantly different between stage I and II (100% vs. 96.2%), and between stage III and IVA (80.1% vs. 71.7%). Although SUV-T and GTV-T were not significant prognostic factors in multivariate analysis, those improved prognostication of stage group. The 5-year OS rates were significantly different between stage I-II, III-IV (SUV-T ≤ 16), and III-IV (SUV-T > 16) (97.2% vs. 78% vs. 53.8%), and between stage I, II-IV (GTV-T ≤ 33 mL), and II-IV (GTV-T > 33 mL) (100% vs. 87.3% vs. 66.7%). CONCLUSION: Current anatomy based staging system has limitations on prognostication for nasopharyngeal cancer despite the most accurate assessment of tumor extent by MRI. Tumor volume/metabolic information seem to improve prognostication of current anatomy based staging system, and further studies are needed to confirm its clinical significance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Joints , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multivariate Analysis , Nasopharyngeal Neoplasms , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Tumor Burden
19.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 317-324, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741959

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the long-term survival outcomes and prognostic factors that affect the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent surgery and postoperative radiotherapy for major salivary gland mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 44 patients who underwent surgery followed by radiotherapy for primary MEC of the major salivary glands between 1991 and 2014. The median follow-up period was 9.8 years (range, 0.8 to 23.8 years). RESULTS: The overall outcomes at 5 and 10 years were 81.5% and 78.0% for overall survival (OS), 86.2% and 83.4% for disease-free survival, 90.6% and 87.6% for locoregional recurrence-free survival, and both 90.5% for distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS). Histologic grade was the only independent predictor of OS (low vs. intermediate vs. high; hazard ratio = 3.699; p = 0.041) in multivariate analysis. A poorer survival was observed among patients with high-grade tumors compared with those with non-high-grade tumors (5-year OS, 37.5% vs. 91.7%, p < 0.001; 5-year DMFS, 46.9% vs. 100%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Surgery and postoperative radiotherapy resulted in excellent survival outcomes for patients with major salivary gland MEC. However, high-grade tumors contributed to poor DMFS and OS. Additional aggressive strategies for improving survival outcomes should be developed for high-grade MEC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Salivary Glands
20.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 203-206, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718699

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous regression or the ‘burned-out’ phenomenon of testicular germ cell tumors is well-recognized but a rare clinical entity of which few reports exist. Tumors with the ‘burned-out’ phenomenon are found in metastatic sites, not in the testis. We report a 33-year-old patient who presented with liver choriocarcinoma and a retroperitoneal mass with the ‘burned-out’ phenomenon in the testis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Choriocarcinoma , Liver , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Testicular Neoplasms , Testis
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL