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1.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 124-137, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924969

ABSTRACT

Background@#Monitoring adults with classical 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21OHD) is challenging due to variation in clinical and laboratory settings. Moreover, guidelines for adrenal imaging in 21OHD are not yet available. We evaluated the relationship between adrenal morphology and disease control status in classical 21OHD. @*Methods@#This retrospective, cross-sectional study included 90 adult 21OHD patients and 270 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. We assessed adrenal volume, width, and tumor presence using abdominal computed tomography and evaluated correlations of adrenal volume and width with hormonal status. We investigated the diagnostic performance of adrenal volume and width for identifying well-controlled status in 21OHD patients (17α-hydroxyprogesterone [17-OHP] <10 ng/mL). @*Results@#The adrenal morphology of 21OHD patients showed hypertrophy (45.6%), normal size (42.2%), and hypotrophy (12.2%). Adrenal tumors were detected in 12 patients (13.3%). The adrenal volume and width of 21OHD patients were significantly larger than those of controls (18.2±12.2 mL vs. 7.1±2.0 mL, 4.7±1.9 mm vs. 3.3±0.5 mm, P<0.001 for both). The 17-OHP and androstenedione levels were highest in patients with adrenal hypertrophy, followed by those with normal adrenal glands and adrenal hypotrophy (P<0.05 for both). Adrenal volume and width correlated positively with adrenocorticotropic hormone, 17-OHP, 11β-hydroxytestosterone, progesterone sulfate, and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in both sexes (r=0.33–0.95, P<0.05 for all). For identifying well-controlled patients, the optimal cut-off values of adrenal volume and width were 10.7 mL and 4 mm, respectively (area under the curve, 0.82–0.88; P<0.001 for both). @*Conclusion@#Adrenal volume and width may be reliable quantitative parameters for monitoring patients with classical 21OHD.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 234-244, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913823

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to develop a model for predicting pathologic extracapsular extension (ECE) and seminal vesicle invasion (SVI) while integrating magnetic resonance imaging-based T-staging (cTMRI, cT1c-cT3b). @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 1,915 who underwent radical prostatectomy between 2006-2016 met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. We performed a multivariate logistic regression analysis as well as Bayesian network (BN) modeling based on possible confounding factors. The BN model was internally validated using 5-fold validation. @*Results@#According to the multivariate logistic regression analysis, initial prostate-specific antigen (iPSA) (β=0.050, p < 0.001), percentage of positive biopsy cores (PPC) (β=0.033, p < 0.001), both lobe involvement on biopsy (β=0.359, p=0.009), Gleason score (β=0.358, p < 0.001), and cTMRI (β=0.259, p < 0.001) were significant factors for ECE. For SVI, iPSA (β=0.037, p < 0.001), PPC (β=0.024, p < 0.001), Gleason score (β=0.753, p < 0.001), and cTMRI (β=0.507, p < 0.001) showed statistical significance. BN models to predict ECE and SVI were also successfully established. The overall area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC)/accuracy of the BN models were 0.76/73.0% and 0.88/89.6% for ECE and SVI, respectively. According to internal comparison between the BN model and Roach formula, BN model had improved AUC values for predicting ECE (0.76 vs. 0.74, p=0.060) and SVI (0.88 vs. 0.84, p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Two models to predict pathologic ECE and SVI integrating cTMRI were established and installed on a separate website for public access to guide radiation oncologists.

3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 378-384, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To directly compare the diagnostic performance of true and oblique axial T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) for assessing parametrial invasion (PMI) in cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 71 women with treatment-naive cervical cancer who underwent MRI that included both oblique and true axial T2WI, followed by radical hysterectomy. Two blinded radiologists (Radiologist 1 and Radiologist 2) independently assessed the presence of PMI on both sequences using a 5-point Likert scale. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed, with a subgroup analysis for tumors sized > 2.5 cm and ≤ 2.5 cm in diameter. Inter-reader agreement was assessed with kappa (k) statistics. RESULTS: At hysterectomy, 15 patients (21.1%) had PMI. For Radiologist 1, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was greater for oblique axial than for true axial T2WI {0.941 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.858–0.983) vs. 0.917 (95% CI = 0.827–0.969), p = 0.027}. The difference was not significant for Radiologist 2 (0.879 [95% CI = 0.779–0.944] vs. 0.827 [95% CI = 0.719–0.906], p = 0.153). For tumors > 2.5 cm, AUC was greater with oblique than with true axial T2WI (0.906 vs. 0.860, p = 0.046 for Radiologist 1 and 0.839 vs. 0.765, p = 0.086 for Radiologist 2). Agreement between the radiologists was almost perfect for oblique axial T2WI (k = 0.810) and was substantial for true axial T2WI (k = 0.704). CONCLUSION: Oblique axial T2WI potentially provides greater diagnostic performance than true axial T2WI for determining PMI, particularly for tumors > 2.5 cm. The inter-reader agreement was greater with oblique axial T2WI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Area Under Curve , Hysterectomy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
4.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e26-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714684

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively assess conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features that differentiate malignant pure mesenchymal uterine tumors (MPMUT); endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) and leiomyosarcoma (LMS) from uterine leiomyoma with cystic degeneration (ULCD). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed magnetic resonance (MR) images of 30 patients with ULCD, 18 with ESS, and 15 with LMS, to assess tumor location, margin, T2 signal intensity (SI), speckled appearance, and peripheral band using univariate and multivariate analyses. RESULTS: ULCD more frequently showed subserosal location (53.3%), well-defined margin (96.7%), and speckled appearance (90.0%) compared with ESS (0%, 33.3%, and 33.3%, respectively) or LMS (20.0%, 33.3%, and 60.0%, respectively). In quantitative T2 SI comparisons, the T2 SI ratio of the main solid tumor portion to gluteus maximus muscle differed significantly among the three groups, with ULCD showing a lower SI ratio (0.62) compared with ESS (2.44) and LMS (1.13). On multivariate analysis, an ill-defined margin (odds ratio [OR]=44.885; p=0.003) and high T2 SI (OR=4.396; p=0.046) were the significant MR differentiators. CONCLUSION: An ill-defined tumor margin and high T2 SI ratio of the main solid tumor-to-gluteus maximus muscle were useful MRI features in the differentiation of MPMUT from ULCD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leiomyoma , Leiomyosarcoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal
5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1119-1129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718937

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the image quality of low-tube-voltage and low-iodine-concentration-contrast-medium (LVLC) computed tomography urography (CTU) with iterative reconstruction (IR) with that of conventional CTU. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, multi-institutional, randomized controlled trial was performed at 16 hospitals using CT scanners from various vendors. Patients were randomly assigned to the following groups: 1) the LVLC-CTU (80 kVp and 240 mgI/mL) with IR group and 2) the conventional CTU (120 kVp and 350 mgI/mL) with filtered-back projection group. The overall diagnostic acceptability, sharpness, and noise were assessed. Additionally, the mean attenuation, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), and figure of merit (FOM) in the urinary tract were evaluated. RESULTS: The study included 299 patients (LVLC-CTU group: 150 patients; conventional CTU group: 149 patients). The LVLC-CTU group had a significantly lower effective radiation dose (5.73 ± 4.04 vs. 8.43 ± 4.38 mSv) compared to the conventional CTU group. LVLC-CTU showed at least standard diagnostic acceptability (score ≥ 3), but it was non-inferior when compared to conventional CTU. The mean attenuation value, mean SNR, CNR, and FOM in all pre-defined segments of the urinary tract were significantly higher in the LVLC-CTU group than in the conventional CTU group. CONCLUSION: The diagnostic acceptability and quantitative image quality of LVLC-CTU with IR are not inferior to those of conventional CTU. Additionally, LVLC-CTU with IR is beneficial because both radiation exposure and total iodine load are reduced.


Subject(s)
Humans , Commerce , Contrast Media , Iodine , Noise , Prospective Studies , Radiation Exposure , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Urinary Tract , Urography
6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 77-87, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916613

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To investigate the quality of rabbit kidney computed tomography (CT) images obtained using a small contrast volume and iterative reconstruction (IR).@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#Twenty sedated rabbits were used. Four milliliters of contrast material and the IR technique were used for the study group. In the control group, 6 mL of contrast and the filtered back projection (FBP) technique were used. The image quality was evaluated by two radiologists in consensus. For qualitative image assessment, the sharpness, noise, texture, and streak artifacts were rated. For quantitative analysis, the CT attenuation values, image noise, signal-to-noise ratios (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratios (CNR), and figures of merit (FOM) were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Images obtained from the study group were sharper and contained less noise and fewer streak artifacts (all, p < 0.05) compared to those obtained from the control group. However, the texture of images from the study group was worse (p < 0.05). Although the CT attenuation values were comparable between the study and control groups, the image noise was considerably lower for the study group than that for the corresponding control group (all, p < 0.05). Thus, the SNR, CNR, and FOM were higher in the study group (all, p < 0.05) than in the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of the IR technique and a small volume of contrast material yielded CT images with better qualities compared to those obtained using the FBP technique and conventional contrast volume in a rabbit model.

7.
Ultrasonography ; : 53-59, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731213

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of sagittal color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) for the diagnosis of fetal cleft lip (CL) and cleft palate (CP). METHODS: We performed targeted ultrasonography on 25 fetuses with CL and CP, taking coronal and axial images of the upper lip and maxillary alveolar arch in each case. The existence of defects in and malalignment of the alveolus on the axial image, hard palate defects on the midsagittal image, and flow-through defects on CDUS taken during fetal breathing or swallowing were assessed. We compared the ultrasonography findings with postnatal findings in all fetuses. RESULTS: Alveolar defects were detected in 16 out of 17 cases with CP and four out of eight cases with CL. Alveolar malalignment and hard palate defects were detected in 11 out of 17 cases and 14 out of 17 cases with CP, respectively, but not detected in any cases with CL. Communicating flow through the palate defect was detected in 11 out of 17 cases of CL with CP. The accuracy of detection in axial scans of an alveolar defect and malalignment was 80% and 76%, respectively. Accuracy of detection of in mid-sagittal images of hard palate defect and flow was 80% and 86%, respectively. The overall diagnostic accuracy of combined axial and sagittal images with sagittal CDUS was 92%. CONCLUSION: Sagittal CDUS of the fetal hard palate is a feasible method to directly reveal hard palate bony defects and flow through defects, which may have additional value in the differential diagnosis of fetal CL and CP.


Subject(s)
Cleft Lip , Cleft Palate , Congenital Abnormalities , Deglutition , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Fetus , Lip , Methods , Palate , Palate, Hard , Respiration , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Ultrasonography, Prenatal
8.
Ultrasonography ; : 61-68, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731196

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic effect of adding a midline peripheral zone (PZ) biopsy to the 12-core biopsy protocol used to diagnose prostate cancer (PC), and to assess the clinical and pathologic characteristics of midline-positive PC in order to identify a potential subgroup of patients who would require midline PZ biopsy. METHODS: This study included 741 consecutive patients who underwent a transrectal ultrasonography-guided, 12-core prostate biopsy with an additional midline core biopsy between October 2012 and December 2013. We grouped patients by the presence or absence of PC and subdivided patients with PC based on the involvement of the midline core. The clinical characteristics of these groups were compared, including serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) concentrations, PSA density, and pathological features in the biopsy specimens. RESULTS: PC was detected in 289 patients (39.0%). Among the PC patients, 66 patients (22.8%) had midline PC. No patients were diagnosed with PC based only on a midline core. The Gleason scores, number of positive cores, tumor core length, serum PSA concentrations, and PSA density were significantly higher in patients with midline-positive PC (P<0.001). Furthermore, significant cancer was more frequent in the midline-positive group (98.5% vs. 78.0%). CONCLUSION: Patients showing a positive result for PC in a midline PZ biopsy were more likely to have multiple tumors or large-volume PC with a high tumor burden. However, our data indicated that an additional midline core biopsy is unlikely to be helpful in detecting occult midline PC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Image-Guided Biopsy , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Tumor Burden , Ultrasonography
9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1373-1373, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172966

ABSTRACT

The publisher and authors would like to draw the reader's attention to an error.

10.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : 100-110, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34115

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Although nerve-sparing radical surgery (NSRS) is an emerging technique for reducing surgery-related dysfunctions, its efficacy is controversial in patients with cervical cancer. Thus, we performed a meta-analysis to compare clinical outcomes, and urinary, anorectal, and sexual dysfunctions between conventional radical surgery (CRS) and NSRS. METHODS: After searching PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library, two randomized controlled trials, seven prospective and eleven retrospective cohort studies were included with 2,253 patients from January 2000 to February 2014. We performed crude analyses and then conducted subgroup analyses according to study design, quality of study, surgical approach, radicality, and adjustment for potential confounding factors. RESULTS: Crude analyses showed decreases in blood loss, hospital stay, frequency of intraoperative complications, length of the resected vagina, duration of postoperative catheterization (DPC), urinary frequency, and abnormal sensation in NSRS, whereas there were no significant differences in other clinical parameters and dysfunctions between CRS and NSRS. In subgroup analyses, operative time was longer (standardized difference in means, 0.948; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.642 to 1.253), while intraoperative complications were less common (odds ratio, 0.147; 95% CI, 0.035 to 0.621) in NSRS. Furthermore, subgroup analyses showed that DPC was shorter, urinary incontinence or frequency, and constipation were less frequent in NSRS without adverse effects on survival and sexual functions. CONCLUSION: NSRS may not affect prognosis and sexual dysfunctions in patients with cervical cancer, whereas it may decrease intraoperative complications, and urinary and anorectal dysfunctions despite long operative time and short length of the resected vagina when compared with CRS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Constipation/epidemiology , Hysterectomy/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Organ Sparing Treatments/adverse effects , Pelvis/innervation , Rectum/innervation , Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological/epidemiology , Urinary Bladder/innervation , Urinary Retention/epidemiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Uterus/innervation , Vagina/innervation
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 346-355, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203185

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To assess the diagnostic value of shear wave elastography (SWE) for prostate cancer detection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 87 patients with the suspicion of prostate cancer (prostate-specific antigen > 4 ng/mL and abnormal digital rectal examination) underwent a protocol-based systematic 12-core biopsy followed by targeted biopsy at hypoechoic areas on grey-scale ultrasound. Prior to biopsy, SWE was performed by placing two circular 5 mm-sized regions of interest (ROIs) along the estimated biopsy tract in each sector and one ROI for hypoechoic lesions. SWE parameters, S (mean stiffness) and R (mean stiffness ratio), were calculated and compared regarding different histopathologic tissues and their accuracy for diagnosing prostate cancer was analyzed. SWE parameters were correlated with Gleason score and were compared between indolent ( or = 8) tissues in prostate cancer patients. RESULTS: Prostate cancer was detected in 7.5% of 1058 cores in 29.9% of 87 patients. Seven (43.8%) of 16 hypoechoic lesions were confirmed as prostate cancer. SWE parameters were significantly different among the histopathologic entities (p 43.9 kPa and 60.8%, 66.4%, and 0.653, respectively, for R > 3. Both, S and R showed a significant correlation with Gleason score (r > or = 0.296, p < or = 0.008) and were significantly different between indolent and aggressive prostate cancer (p < or = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Shear wave elastographic parameters are significantly different between prostate cancer and benign prostate tissue and correlate with Gleason score.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Neoplasm Grading , Prostate/pathology , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods
12.
Ultrasonography ; : 136-142, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731022

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of the resistive index (RI) on spectral Doppler ultrasonography (US) in the detection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: Seventeen ESRD patients with kidneys in which renal masses were suspected in routine US were subjected. They underwent computed tomography scans and additional Doppler US for the characterization of the detected lesions. All underwent radical nephrectomy with the suspicion of RCC. Fourteen patients finally were included. RI measurements were conducted in the region of the suspected renal mass and the background renal parenchyma. The intraclass correlation coefficient was used to assess the reproducibility of the RI measurement. A paired t-test was used to compare the RI values between the renal mass and the background renal parenchyma (P<0.05). RESULTS: The RI values measured at the RCCs were significantly lower than those measured at the background renal parenchyma (0.41-0.65 vs. 0.75-0.89; P<0.001). The intrareader reproducibility proved to be excellent and good for the renal masses and the parenchyma, respectively (P<0.001). CONCLUSION: RI on spectral Doppler US is useful in detecting RCC in patients with ESRD. The RI values measured at the RCCs were significantly lower than those measured at the background renal parenchyma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Kidney , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Nephrectomy , Ultrasonography, Doppler , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Pulsed
13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 233-239, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15364

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of Mullerian remnants in young females clinically suspected of Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome in a primary amenorrhea workup. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen young females underwent multiplanar T2- and transverse T1-weighted MRI at either a 1.5T or 3.0T MR imager. Two gynecologic radiologists reached consensus decisions for the evaluation of Mullerian remnants, vagina, ovaries, and associated findings. RESULTS: All cases had bilateral uterine buds in the pelvic cavity, with unilateral cavitation in two cases. The buds had an average long-axis diameter of 2.64 +/- 0.65 cm. In all cases, bilateral buds were connected with fibrous band-like structures. In 13 cases, the band-like structures converged at the midline or a paramedian triangular soft tissue lying above the bladder dome. The lower one-third of the vagina was identified in 14 cases. Fourteen cases showed bilateral normal ovaries near the uterine buds. One unilateral pelvic kidney, one unilateral renal agenesis, one mild scoliosis, and three lumbar sacralization cases were found as associated findings. CONCLUSION: Typical Mullerian remnants in MRKH syndrome consist of bilateral uterine buds connected by the fibrous band-like structures, which converge at the midline triangular soft tissue lying above the bladder dome.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Abnormalities, Multiple/pathology , Kidney/abnormalities , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Mullerian Ducts/abnormalities , Retrospective Studies , Somites/abnormalities , Spine/abnormalities , Uterus/abnormalities , Vagina/abnormalities
14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 803-807, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39913

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related sclerosing disease is a systemic disease characterized by extensive IgG4-positive plasma cells and T-lymphocyte infiltration in various organs. We described the imaging findings of an IgG4-related inflammatory pseudotumor in the urethra. The urethral mass showed isoattenuation on unenhanced CT images, delayed enhancement on enhanced CT images, iso- to slight hyper-intensity on T1 and T2 weighted magnetic resonance images, diffusion restriction on diffusion weighted images, and heterogeneously low echogeneity on ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Granuloma, Plasma Cell/diagnosis , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Pancreatitis/diagnosis , Sclerosis , Urethral Diseases/diagnosis
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 588-594, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-121837

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to develop support vector machine (SVM) and artificial neural network (ANN) models for the pre-operative prediction of advanced prostate cancer by using the parameters acquired from transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsies, and to compare the accuracies between the two models. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five hundred thirty-two consecutive patients who underwent prostate biopsies and prostatectomies for prostate cancer were divided into the training and test groups (n = 300 versus n = 232). From the data in the training group, two clinical decision support systems (CDSSs-[SVM and ANN]) were constructed with input (age, prostate specific antigen level, digital rectal examination, and five biopsy parameters) and output data (the probability for advanced prostate cancer [> pT3a]). From the data of the test group, the accuracy of output data was evaluated. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) were calculated to summarize the overall performances, and a comparison of the ROC curves was performed (p < 0.05). RESULTS: The AUC of SVM and ANN is 0.805 and 0.719, respectively (p = 0.020), in the pre-operative prediction of advanced prostate cancer. CONCLUSION: The performance of SVM is superior to ANN in the pre-operative prediction of advanced prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Area Under Curve , Biopsy, Needle , Decision Support Systems, Clinical , Neural Networks, Computer , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnosis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Support Vector Machine
16.
Journal of the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons ; : 58-66, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180183

ABSTRACT

Untreated cryptorchidism contributes to infertility and may play a role in increasing the risk of malignancy. The appropriate time of operation was considered before school age in 1970s, 2 years of age in 1980s, and between 1 and 2 years of age from 1990s to present time. Orchiopexy is the most common operation for congenital urological problem of children. We analyze our experience of orchiopexies to evaluate the results and to identify the role of the pediatric surgeon. We reviewed the medical records of 91 patients who underwent orchiopexy from January 1996 to December 2007. The patient age at orchiopexy were as follows: 48 cases (52.7 %) under 2 years of age, 24 cases (26.4 %) between 3 and 5 years, 16 cases (17.6 %) between 6 and 10 years, and 3 cases (3.3 %) over 11 years. Location of testes was preperitoneum in all 91 cases. There were 84 unilateral and 7 bilateral cases. Among the unilateral cases, the undescended testes were on right side in 54 cases and on the left side in 30 cases. The surgical procedure employed in all cases was trans-inguinal orchiopexies. Seventy-nine patients had excellent results. There were 12 complications; 5 cases of wound infection and 7 cases of temporary incomplete descent. Seven cases of incomplete descent have become normal from 3 to 6 months after orchiopexy. According to our results, 43 cases (47.3 %) underwent orchiopexies over 2 years of age. In conclusion, orchiopexies were successful in most cases of cryptorchidism in terms of testicular position and growth. We suggest that pediatric surgeons should educate their primary care physicians and parents concerning the potential complications of cryptorchidism and the appropriate time of operation.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Male , Cryptorchidism , Infertility , Medical Records , Orchiopexy , Parents , Physicians, Primary Care , Testis , Wound Infection
17.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 47-55, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124213

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The indications for pediatric laparoscopic surgery are increasing according to the improvement of laparoscopic procedures and instruments and the increased knowledge of its safety and benefits. We summarized the analysis of the outcomes and the feasibility of performing laparoscopic surgery in children. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 183 consecutive children (114 males and 69 females) who underwent laparoscopic surgery between June 2001 and July 2007. The following information was obtained: the surgical indications, operative procedures and surgical outcomes. RESULTS: The laparoscopic procedures for each disease were as follows, appendectomy for acute appendicitis (n=143), reduction for barium reduction-failed intussusceptions (n=15), splenectomy for symptomatic hereditary spherocytosis (n=5), salphingoophorectomy for torsion of a parovarian cyst and ovarian tumor (n=2), diverticulectomy or segmental resection for symptomatic Meckel's diverticulum (n=3), cholecystectomy for symptomatic gall stones & adenomyomatosis (n-4), repair for Morgagni hernia (n=1), Nissen's fundoplication for paraesophageal hernia (n=1), Heller myotomy and Dor fundoplication for achalasia (n=1), diagnostic purpose for peritoneal tuberculosis (n=3) and lymphoma (n=1), excision for retroperitoneal neuroblastoma (n=1), peritoneal drainage for postoperative abscess (n=1) and removal of a foreign body in the peritoneal cavity (n=2). The mean age was 9.9 years (range: 4 months to 15 years). There was one conversion for a perforated appendicitis. There were 3 cases of laparoscopic assisted reductions for intussusception. There were three wound infections in the patients with complicated appendicitis. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic procedures for various pediatric surgical disorders were feasible under the appropriate indications.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Abscess , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Barium , Cholecystectomy , Drainage , Esophageal Achalasia , Foreign Bodies , Fundoplication , Gallstones , Hernia , Hernia, Hiatal , Intussusception , Laparoscopy , Lymphoma , Meckel Diverticulum , Neuroblastoma , Parovarian Cyst , Peritoneal Cavity , Peritonitis, Tuberculous , Retrospective Studies , Spherocytosis, Hereditary , Splenectomy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Wound Infection
18.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 315-320, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159999

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We wanted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a new hemostatic device, Clo-Sur P.A.D., at an arterial access site after performing femoral arterial catheterization to achieve transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2002 to March 2005, 113 patients who underwent TACE and agreed on using the Clo-Sur P.A.D. were enrolled in this study. We evaluated the mean time interval from compression to the first movement and also to the first walk. We also evaluated such complications as rebleeding, pseudoaneurysm, vascular occlusion, hematoma, infection and pain. For 92 patients who had previous experiences with manual compression, we evaluated their preference of hemostatic method by asking them. RESULTS: Successful hemostasis was achieved with the Clo-Sur P.A.D. in 105 subjects (92%). The mean time interval from compression to the first movement was 201 minutes, and that to the first walk was 267 minutes. There was no statistical difference between the complicated and the uncomplicated groups for the mean time, prothrombin time, Child-Pugh class and platelet count (p > 0.05). Rebleeding occurred in 3 patients (2.7%) and mild hematoma around puncture site was noted in 5 patients (5.4%). Eighty-seven patients (95%) preferred Clo-Sur P.A.D. to the manual compression method. CONCLUSION: The Clo-Sur P.A.D. is a safe and effective hemostatic device and it provides early ambulation after TACE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm, False , Catheterization , Catheters , Early Ambulation , Femoral Artery , Hematoma , Hemostasis , Platelet Count , Prothrombin Time , Punctures
19.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 483-487, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47762

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The advantage of a laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis in children is controversial, with no consensus among most pediatric surgeons, particularly with regard to the operative time and hospital costs in complicated cases. The objective of this study was to examine the safety, efficacy and complications of a laparoscopic appendectomy in children compared with an open appendectomy. METHODS: Our clinical experiences of laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) and open appendectomy (OA) for simple appendicitis (SA), complicated appendicitis (CA) and no evidence of appendicitis (NA) in children, between November, 2003 and October, 2006, were reviewed. Ninety- three (93) patients underwent a LA (58 boys, 35 girls) and 194 patients an OA (128 boys, 66 girls). The mean ages of the patients having undergone LA and OA were 9.6 and 8.9 years, respectively. RESULTS: The mean operation times were similar between the LA and OA in the SA and NA groups, but was shorter for a LA than an OA in the CA group, which was also statistically significant (P=0.007). There were statistically significant differences in the postoperative duration of hospital stay between a LA and an OA in all groups (in SA, 2.8 versus 4.5 days, P<0.001 and in CA, 4.5 versus 8.4 days, P<0.001). The rates of postoperative complications were different between a LA and an OA were: for the SA group, 1.7 versus 1.0%, P=1.000; for the CA group, 0 versus 22.4%, P=0.006. CONCLUSION: Our experiences suggest that a laparoscopic appendectomy was a safe and effective procedure for any type of appendicitis in children, with a shorter hospital stay and lower rate of postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Consensus , Hospital Costs , Length of Stay , Operative Time , Postoperative Complications
20.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 209-213, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99012

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The application of laparoscopic surgery in children has expanded tremendously in recent years. However, the feasibility of the technique is somewhat controversial. We summarize our experience of laparoscopy in children and describe the surgical techniques used in these cases. METHODS: Between June 2001 and May 2004, 58 children (33 male, 25 female) underwent laparoscopic surgery at the Department of Surgery, Daegu Fatima hospital. All the clinical data was collected retrospectively. RESULTS: The laparoscopic procedures for each indications were a laparoscopic reduction for a barium reduction failed intussuception (n=15), laparoscopic appendectomy for acute appendicitis (n=30), laparoscopic splenectomy for symptomatic hereditary spherocytosis (n=4), laparoscopic salphin-go-ophorectomy for torsion of parovarian cyst and ovarian tumor (n=2), laparoscopic diverticulectomy for symptomatic Meckel's diverticulum (n=2), laparoscopic Hellor myotomy and Dor fundoplication for achalasia (n=1), diagnostic purpose for peritoneal tuberculosis (n=2) and the laparoscopic removal of a foreign body in the peritoneal cavity (n=2). The mean age was 7.9 years (range from 4 months to 14 years). In intussusception, the laparoscopic reduction was successful in 12 patients (80%), with a conversion to an open procedure occurring in 3 cases (20%). There were no other open con-versions. There were no postoperative wound complications except for two wound problems in patients with acute perforated appendicitis. The operative time and duration of the hospital stay was suitable. CONCLUSION: The laparoscopic procedure in various disorders of infants and children is safe and avoids the necessity of open surgery under the appropriate indication.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Barium , Conversion to Open Surgery , Esophageal Achalasia , Foreign Bodies , Fundoplication , Intussusception , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Meckel Diverticulum , Operative Time , Parovarian Cyst , Peritoneal Cavity , Peritonitis, Tuberculous , Retrospective Studies , Splenectomy , Wounds and Injuries
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