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1.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 145-154, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968255

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of EmboTrap II in terms of first-pass recanalization and to determine whether it could yield favorable outcomes. @*Materials and Methods@#In this multicenter, prospective study, we consecutively enrolled patients who underwent mechanical thrombectomy using EmboTrap II as a front-line device. The primary outcome was the first pass effect (FPE) rate defined by modified Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) grade 2c or 3 by the first pass of EmboTrap II. In addition, modified FPE (mFPE; mTICI grade 2b–3 by the first pass of EmboTrap II), successful recanalization (final mTICI grade 2b–3), and clinical outcomes were assessed. We also analyzed the effect of FPE on a modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score of 0–2 at 3 months. @*Results@#Two hundred-ten patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 73.3 ± 11.4 years; male, 55.7%) were included. Ninetynine patients (47.1%) had FPE, and mFPE was achieved in 150 (71.4%) patients. Successful recanalization was achieved in 191 (91.0%) patients. Among them, 164 (85.9%) patients underwent successful recanalization by exclusively using EmboTrap II. The time from groin puncture to FPE was 25.0 minutes (interquartile range, 17.0–35.0 minutes). Procedure-related complications were observed in seven (3.3%) patients. Symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage developed in 14 (6.7%) patients. One hundred twenty-three (58.9% of 209 completely followed) patients had an mRS score of 0–2. Sixteen (7.7% of 209) patients died during the follow-up period. Patients who had successful recanalization with FPE were four times more likely to have an mRS score of 0–2 than those who had successful recanalization without FPE (adjusted odds ratio, 4.13;95% confidence interval, 1.59–10.8; p = 0.004). @*Conclusion@#Mechanical thrombectomy using the front-line EmboTrap II is effective and safe. In particular, FPE rates were high. Achieving FPE was important for an mRS score of 0–2, even in patients with successful recanalization.

2.
Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience ; : 640-652, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914078

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Subjective cognitive impairment (SCI) is associated with future cognitive decline. This study aimed to compare cortical thickness and local gyrification index (LGI) between individuals with SCI and normal control (NC) subjects. @*Methods@#Forty-seven participants (27 SCI and 20 NC) were recruited. All participants underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging scanning and were clinically assessed using the Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer’s Disease (CERAD) battery of tests. We compared cortical thickness and LGI between the two groups and analyzed correlations between cortical thickness/LGI and scores on CERAD protocol subtests in the SCI group for region of interests with significant between-group differences. @*Results@#Cortical thickness reduction in the left entorhinal, superior temporal, insular, rostral middle frontal, precentral, superior frontal, and supramarginal regions, and right supramarginal, precentral, insular, postcentral, and posterior cingulate regions was observed in the SCI compared to the NC group. Cortical thickness in these regions correlated with scores of constructional praxis, word list memory, word list recall, constructional recall, trail making test A, and verbal fluency under the CERAD protocol. Significantly decreased gyrification was observed in the left lingual gyrus of the SCI group. In addition, gyrification of this region was positively associated with scores of constructional praxis. @*Conclusion@#Our results may provide an additional reference to the notion that SCI may be associated with future cognitive impairment. This study may help clinicians to assess individuals with SCI who may progress to mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s dementia.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e22-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899797

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Central dark-signal intensity with high-signal, hypertrophic mucosal wall of paranasal sinuses on T2-weighted images (T2WI) is a characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) feature of sinonasal fungus ball. However, this finding is usually interpreted as non-fungal chronic sinusitis with central normal sinus air. In addition, T1-weighted images (T1WI) and T2WI are basic sequences of all magnetic resonance (MR) examinations. Therefore, we evaluated the usefulness of T1WI for detecting fungus balls comparing with computed tomography (CT) findings and T2-weighted MRI findings.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Korea University Guro Hospital. Two reviewers assessed preoperative CT and MR images of 55 patients with pathologically confirmed fungus balls. Reviewers evaluated the presence and patterns of calcifications on CT. Overall signals and the presence and extent of certain signals of fungus balls on MRI were also assessed. The relationship between calcifications and MRI signals was also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Of the patients, 89.1% had calcifications on CT. All had dark signal portions with high signal, hypertrophic mucosal walls on T2WI. Most (92.7%) patients showed iso- to hyper-intense overall signals on T1WI and 89.1% had T1-weighted high signal portions on MRI. The presence, patterns, and location of calcifications had no significant correlation with T1-weighted high-signal intensity portion.@*CONCLUSION@#Fungus ball can be suggested by the presence of the hyper-signal intensity portions in the fungal mass on T1WI in conjunction with dark-signal lesions surrounded by high-signal, hypertrophic mucosal walls in paranasal sinuses on T2WI.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e22-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892093

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Central dark-signal intensity with high-signal, hypertrophic mucosal wall of paranasal sinuses on T2-weighted images (T2WI) is a characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) feature of sinonasal fungus ball. However, this finding is usually interpreted as non-fungal chronic sinusitis with central normal sinus air. In addition, T1-weighted images (T1WI) and T2WI are basic sequences of all magnetic resonance (MR) examinations. Therefore, we evaluated the usefulness of T1WI for detecting fungus balls comparing with computed tomography (CT) findings and T2-weighted MRI findings.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of Korea University Guro Hospital. Two reviewers assessed preoperative CT and MR images of 55 patients with pathologically confirmed fungus balls. Reviewers evaluated the presence and patterns of calcifications on CT. Overall signals and the presence and extent of certain signals of fungus balls on MRI were also assessed. The relationship between calcifications and MRI signals was also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Of the patients, 89.1% had calcifications on CT. All had dark signal portions with high signal, hypertrophic mucosal walls on T2WI. Most (92.7%) patients showed iso- to hyper-intense overall signals on T1WI and 89.1% had T1-weighted high signal portions on MRI. The presence, patterns, and location of calcifications had no significant correlation with T1-weighted high-signal intensity portion.@*CONCLUSION@#Fungus ball can be suggested by the presence of the hyper-signal intensity portions in the fungal mass on T1WI in conjunction with dark-signal lesions surrounded by high-signal, hypertrophic mucosal walls in paranasal sinuses on T2WI.

6.
Neurointervention ; : 71-72, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-730262

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.

7.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 153-165, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Recent neuroimaging studies focus on dysfunctions in connectivity between cognitive circuits and emotional circuits: anterior cingulate cortex that connects dorsolateral orbitofrontal cortex and prefrontal cortex to limbic system. Previous studies on pediatric depression using DTI have reported decreased neural connectivity in several brain regions, including the amygdala, anterior cingulate cortex, superior longitudinal fasciculus. We compared the neural connectivity of psychotropic drug naïve adolescent patients with a first onset of major depressive episode with healthy controls using DTI. METHODS: Adolescent psychotropic drug naïve patients(n=26, 10 men, 16 women; age range, 13–18 years) who visited the Korea University Guro Hospital and were diagnosed with first onset major depressive disorder were registered. Healthy controls(n=27, 5 males, 22 females; age range, 12–17 years) were recruited. Psychiatric interviews, complete psychometrics including IQ and HAM-D, MRI including diffusion weighted image acquisition were conducted prior to antidepressant administration to the patients. Fractional anisotropy(FA), radial, mean, and axial diffusivity were estimated using DTI. FMRIB Software Library-Tract Based Spatial Statistics was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: We did not observe any significant difference in whole brain analysis. However, ROI analysis on right superior longitudinal fasciculus resulted in 3 clusters with significant decrease of FA in patients group. CONCLUSIONS: The patients with adolescent major depressive disorder showed statistically significant FA decrease in the DTI-based structure compared with healthy control. Therefore we suppose DTI can be used as a biomarker in psychotropic drug-naïve adolescent patients with first onset major depressive disorder.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Male , Amygdala , Brain , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Diffusion , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Gyrus Cinguli , Korea , Limbic System , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroimaging , Prefrontal Cortex , Psychometrics , White Matter
8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 767-775, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Although tuberculous lymphadenitis and Kikuchi disease are common causes of cervical lymphadenopathy in Asians and exhibit similar clinical manifestations, their treatment strategies are totally different. The purpose of this study was to identify ultrasonographic features that distinguish these two diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. The study included 77 patients with tuberculous lymphadenitis and 135 patients with Kikuchi disease. The sex and age distributions of the patients were analyzed. The size and shape of lymph nodes (LNs), presence of conglomeration, increased perinodal echogenicity, echogenic hilum, posterior neck involvement, internal calcification, patterns of internal necrosis, laterality of involved LNs, and hilar vascular patterns on ultrasonography were compared between the two groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify independent findings to discriminate tuberculous lymphadenitis from Kikuchi disease. Finally, diagnostic accuracies were calculated using the independent findings. RESULTS: The presence of an echogenic hilum, internal calcification, patterns of internal necrosis, and LN hilar vascular structures on power Doppler ultrasonography were independent findings that discriminated tuberculous lymphadenitis from Kikuchi disease. The diagnostic accuracy of each of these four factors was 84.9% (181/212), 76.9% (163/212), 84% (178/212), and 89.2% (189/212), respectively. A combination of internal calcification and hilar vascular structures showed the best accuracy of 89.6% (190/212) (sensitivity, 86.7% [117/135]; specificity, 94.8% [73/77]) for diagnosing Kikuchi disease. CONCLUSION: The presence of an echogenic hilum, internal calcification, pattern of internal necrosis, and LN hilar vascular structures are useful ultrasonographic findings to differentiate tuberculous lymphadenitis from Kikuchi disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Biopsy , Calcinosis/pathology , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Neck/diagnostic imaging , Necrosis/pathology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node/pathology , Ultrasonography, Doppler
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