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1.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 134-135, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917378

ABSTRACT

no abstract available.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e169-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925994

ABSTRACT

With the global spread of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, several vaccines were developed; messenger RNA (mRNA) vaccines have recently been widely used worldwide. However, the incidence of myocarditis following mRNA vaccination is increasing;although the cause of myocarditis has not yet been clearly identified, it is presumed to be caused by a problem in the innate immune system. Immune-mediated thrombocytopenia (ITP) after vaccination is rare but has been reported and is also assumed to occur by the same mechanism. We report the first case of simultaneous myocarditis and ITP after mRNA vaccination. A 38-year-old woman presented with chest pain, mild dyspnea, and sweating after vaccination with mRNA-1273 vaccine (Moderna) 4 days prior to admission.Upon admission to the emergency department, cardiac enzymes were elevated; blood test performed 5 months ago showed normal platelet count, but severe thrombocytopenia was observed upon admission. After administration of intravenous immunoglobulin, the platelet count improved; subsequently, myocarditis was observed on endomyocardial biopsy. Thus, myocarditis and ITP were judged to have occurred simultaneously due to the expression of the innate immune system markers after mRNA vaccination. The patient was discharged on day 6 of admission.

3.
Journal of Dental Rehabilitation and Applied Science ; : 294-300, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914926

ABSTRACT

Necrotizing periodontal disease caused by plaque bacteria is showed clinical findings including pseudo-membrane, interproximal necrosis of the affected area, pain on palpation and gingiva bleeding. Microbiological examination is showed that patients have fusospirochetal bacteria. Two patients who were provisionally diagnosed as necrotizing periodontal disease received nonsurgical periodontal treatments in conjunction with dressing using 3% hydrogen peroxide and local antibiotic delivery. Before and 3 - 5 days after initial treatment, the levels of periodontal bacteria in gingival crevicular fluid obtained using quantitative PCR were compared. After treatment, patients recovered normal gingiva. The number of periodontal diseases related bacterial species decreased from seven or eight to one. As a result, periodontium of patients with necrotizing periodontal disease was recovered to normal periodontium by nonsurgical periodontal treatments.

4.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 95-101, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763965

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was performed to assess the radiologic and clinical results of U-blade Gamma3 nail use for the treatment of trochanteric fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2015 and May 2018, all patients aged 65 years and older who underwent surgery with U-blade Gamma3 nails were analyzed. A total of 129 patients were selected based on having at least six months of follow-up. Image evaluations included bone quality (T-score), fracture classification on plain radiograph (AO/OTA), computed tomography configuration, union period, position of lag screw, anatomical reduction, tip apex distance (TAD), sliding extent of lag screw, change of neck shaft angle, and complications leading to reoperations were analyzed. Functional outcome were assessed using the Koval grade (ambulatory ability) at the final follow-up. RESULTS: The mean time to union was 19.7 (range, 6–36) weeks. The screw position was centric (93 cases; 72.1%) and anatomical reduction was achieved in 74 cases (57.4%). The mean TAD was 20.3 (range, 12.3–38.1) mm. The mean sliding length of the lag screws was 3.8 (range, 0.1–12.6) mm. The mean change of neck shaft angle was 3.4° (range, 0–12.8°). Reoperations were required in two cases (1.6%) due to the cutting out of the lag screw (n=1) and metal failure with U-blade bending (n=1). Finally, Koval grades for 49.8% of patients reached preoperative status. CONCLUSION: Overall, use of the U-blade Gamma3 nail led to favorable clinical results, suggesting that this system may be a good option for the treatment of trochanteric fractures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Classification , Femur , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Fractures , Neck , Retrospective Studies
5.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 464-473, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716595

ABSTRACT

Cripto is a small glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored signaling protein that can detach from the anchored membrane and stimulate proliferation, migration, differentiation, vascularization, and angiogenesis. In the present study, we demonstrated that Cripto positively affected proliferation and survival of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) without affecting multipotency. Cripto also increased expression of phosphorylated janus kinase 2 (p-JAK2), phosphorylated signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (p-STAT3), 78 kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), c-Myc, and cyclin D1. Notably, treatment with an anti-GRP78 antibody blocked these effects. In addition, pretreatment with STAT3 short interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited the increase in p-JAK2, c-Myc, cyclin D1, and BCL3 levels caused by Cripto and attenuated the pro-survival action of Cripto on MSCs. We also found that incubation with Cripto protected MSCs from apoptosis caused by hypoxia or H₂O₂ exposure, and the level of caspase-3 decreased by the Cripto-induced expression of B-cell lymphoma 3-encoded protein (BCL3). These effects were sensitive to down-regulation of BCL3 expression by BCL3 siRNA. Finally, we showed that Cripto enhanced expression levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF), and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF). In summary, our results demonstrated that Cripto activated a novel biochemical cascade that potentiated MSC proliferation and survival. This cascade relied on phosphorylation of JAK2 and STAT3 and was regulated by GRP78. Our findings may facilitate clinical applications of MSCs, as these cells may benefit from positive effects of Cripto on their survival and biological properties.


Subject(s)
Hypoxia , Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Cyclin D1 , Down-Regulation , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Janus Kinase 2 , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Membranes , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Phosphorylation , RNA, Small Interfering , STAT3 Transcription Factor , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 21-27, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713701

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The exact mechanism regulating fibronectin (FN) expression in breast cancer cells has not been fully elucidated. In this study, we investigated the pharmacological mechanism of berberine (BBR) with respect to FN expression in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) cells. METHODS: The clinical significance of FN mRNA expression was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier plotter database (http://kmplot.com/breast). FN mRNA and protein expression levels were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: Using publicly available clinical data, we observed that high FN expression was associated with poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer. FN mRNA and protein expression was increased in TNBC cells compared with non-TNBC cells. As expected, recombinant human FN significantly induced cell spreading and adhesion in MDA-MB231 TNBC cells. We also investigated the regulatory mechanism underlying FN expression. Basal levels of FN mRNA and protein expression were downregulated by a specific activator protein-1 (AP-1) inhibitor, SR11302. Interestingly, FN expression in TNBC cells was dose-dependently decreased by BBR treatment. The level of c-Jun phosphorylation was also decreased by BBR treatment. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that FN expression is regulated via an AP-1–dependent mechanism, and that BBR suppresses FN expression in TNBC cells through inhibition of AP-1 activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Berberine , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cell Adhesion , Fibronectins , Phosphorylation , Prognosis , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Transcription Factor AP-1 , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
7.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 117-117, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225914

ABSTRACT

This article was published with a misspelled the date of acceptance. The date of acceptance should be corrected as “March 7, 2013”.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Recurrence
8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 279-286, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225644

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, through international marriage, immigrant women have rapidly increased throughout Korea. This study was performed to identify health beliefs and practices related to breast cancer screening in immigrant women in Korea. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was carried out between March and July 2012, and study population included immigrant females from six other Asian countries (Cambodia, China, Japan, Mongolia, Vietnam, and the Philippines). We surveyed 197 women and categorized them into four groups according to home countries. The questionnaire consisted of 55 items, including demographic and socioeconomic factors, breast cancer-related knowledge regarding risk factors and symptoms, beliefs and attitudes towards health and breast cancer, perceived susceptibility, barriers, and benefits of screening. RESULTS: Japanese participants were significantly older and had resided in Korea for more years than other country-of-origin groups (all p<0.001), and showed higher screening rates without statistical significance (p=0.392). In multivariate analysis, country of origin showed a significant correlation with knowledge (p=0.001), positive beliefs (p=0.002), and perceived benefits (p=0.025) of breast cancer screening. The group with the lowest household income showed a significantly lower score of perceived benefits (p=0.022). Through analysis to identify factors affecting participation in screening mammography, we found that education level (p=0.009), occupation status (p=0.006), and Korean language fluency (p=0.002) were independent predictors for screening behavior. CONCLUSION: This study identified conditions related to breast cancer screening knowledge, perception, and behavior of immigrant women in Korea. The results reflect the need for increased social aids to remove barriers to medical services and more educational programs to facilitate higher rates of screening.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asian People , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Education , Emigrants and Immigrants , Family Characteristics , Health Behavior , Japan , Korea , Mammography , Marriage , Mass Screening , Mongolia , Multivariate Analysis , Occupations , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Vietnam , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 1-6, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211946

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To present the author's experience with various treatment methods of granulomatous lobular mastitis (GLM) and to determine effective treatment methods of GLM. METHODS: Fifty patients who were diagnosed with GLM were classified into five groups based on the initial treatment methods they underwent, which included observation (n = 8), antibiotics (n = 3), steroid (n = 13), drainage (n = 14), and surgical excision (n = 12). The treatment processes in each group were examined and their clinical characteristics, treatment processes, and results were analyzed respectively. RESULTS: Success rates with each initial treatment were observation, 87.5%; antibiotics, 33.3%; steroids, 30.8%; drainage, 28.6%; and surgical excision, 91.7%. In most cases of observation, the lesions were small and the symptoms were mild. A total of 23 patients underwent surgical excision during treatment. Surgical excision showed particularly fast recovery, high success rate (90.3%) and low recurrence rate (8.7%). CONCLUSION: The clinical course of GLM is complex and the outcome of each treatment type are variable. Surgery may play an important role when a lesion is determined to be mass-forming or appears localized as an abscess pocket during breast examination or imaging study.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Abscess , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Breast , Drainage , Granulomatous Mastitis , Mastitis , Recurrence , Steroids
10.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 273-280, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169030

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We analyzed the responses of patients with locally advanced breast cancer to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and NAC combined with neoadjuvant human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER2) targeted therapy (NCHTT). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 59 patients with HER2 amplified locally advanced breast cancer among patients who were treated surgically after neoadjuvant therapy at Samsung Medical Center between 2005 and 2009. Thirty-one patients received conventional NAC and 28 patients received NCHTT. Pathologic responses were assessed according to response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST) guidelines. RESULTS: Pathologic complete response (pCR) was achieved in 13 out of 28 patients treated with NCHTT and in 6 out of 31 patients treated with NAC alone (46.4% vs. 19.4%, respectively, P = 0.049). Breast conserving surgery (BCS) was more frequently performed in the NCHTT group than in the NAC only group (71.4% vs. 19.4%, P < 0.001). The 3-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was 100% in the NCHTT group and 76.4% in the NAC group (P = 0.014). Together, NCHTT, type of operation (BCS vs. mastectomy) and pathologic nodal status were significant prognostic factors for RFS in univariate analysis. CONCLUSION: We found that NCHTT produced higher pCR rates than NAC alone in locally advanced breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Epidermal Growth Factor , Mastectomy, Segmental , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies
11.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 16-22, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36140

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Hypermethylation of the tumor suppressor genes is frequently observed in the tumor development and progression. However, the correlation between the hypermethylation of the tumor suppressor genes, CDH1 and the axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis is not fully elucidated. To verify the role of the CDH1 promoter hypermethylation in the ALN metastasis and prognosis, we compared the methylation status of the CDH1 genes in the primary lesion and the paired metastatic ALNs. METHODS: We selected a total of 122 paraffin-embedded specimens of the primary and paired metastatic lymph node from 61 breast cancer patients and analyzed the frequency of hypermethylation in the primary and metastatic lymph node using the methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction. In addition, the methylation status of CDH1 was analyzed with the clinicopathologic characteristics, the disease-free survival and disease-specific survival. RESULTS: The hypermethylation of CDH1 gene was identified in 54 (88.5%) of the 61 patients who had axillary metastasis. The hypermethylation status of the CDH1 gene was significantly increased in the metastatic ALNs compared with that in the primary tumors (60.7% vs. 45.9%, p<0.001). The hypermethylation status of the CDH1 genes in the metastatic ALNs was associated with a poor histologic grade (p=0.041) and the patients who had methylated tumor in the primary lesion showed worse disease-free survival than the patients who did not have methylated tumor (p=0.046). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that hypermethylation of the CDH1 gene may play a pivotal role in the metastasis of the axillary lymph node and the breast cancer recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Lymph Nodes , Methylation , Neoplasm Metastasis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis , Recurrence
12.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 97-103, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25975

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: IBTR! 2.0 is a web-based nomogram that predicts the 10-year ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) rate after breast-conserving therapy. We validated this nomogram in Korean patients. METHODS: The nomogram was tested for 520 Korean patients, who underwent breast-conserving surgery followed by radiation therapy. Predicted and observed 10-year outcomes were compared for the entire cohort and for each group, predefined by nomogram-predicted risks: group 1, 10%. RESULTS: In overall patients, the overall 10 year predicted and observed estimates of IBTR were 5.22% and 5.70% (p=0.68). In group 1, (n=124), the predicted and observed estimates were 2.25% and 1.80% (p=0.73), in group 2 (n=177), 3.95% and 3.90% (p=0.97), in group 3 (n=181), 7.14% and 8.80% (p=0.42), and in group 4 (n=38), 11.66% and 14.90% (p=0.73), respectively. CONCLUSION: In a previous validation of this nomogram based on American patients, nomogram-predicted IBTR rates were overestimated in the high-risk subgroup. However, our results based on Korean patients showed that the observed IBTR was higher than the predicted estimates in groups 3 and 4. This difference may arise from ethnic differences, as well as from the methods used to detect IBTR and the healthcare environment. IBTR! 2.0 may be considered as an acceptable nomogram in Korean patients with low- to moderate-risk of in-breast recurrence. Before widespread use of this nomogram, the IBTR! 2.0 needs a larger validation study and continuous modification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Cohort Studies , Delivery of Health Care , Mastectomy, Segmental , Nomograms , Recurrence
13.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 345-348, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52972

ABSTRACT

Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) of the breast is rare and there is scant information about the clinical behavior and treatment strategies. We report an adolescent female patient with metastatic RMS of the breast from the anus. An 18-year-old female patient was referred to our clinic due to palpable mass in the left breast. At age seven, she was diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and treated with chemoradiation therapy. After 10 years of complete remission state, she presented with anal mass which was diagnosed as RMS and she received chemoradiation therapy. After 1 year of complete remission state, she noticed a palpable mass in her left breast. The breast mass was diagnosed as metastatic RMS based on core needle biopsy specimen. The RMS in breast was excised for the decreasing tumor burden despite of another metastatic lesion. Although rarely reported, metastasis of RMS should be considered as a cause of breast mass. Tissue biopsy is recommended when clinically suspected lesion is detected.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Anal Canal , Biopsy , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Breast , Neoplasm Metastasis , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Rhabdomyosarcoma , Tumor Burden
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 296-305, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200192

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The available research work on types of treatment and the efficacy of adjuvant chemotherapy in older Korean patients is insufficient. Henceforth, this report assessed treatment patterns and the relationship between chemotherapy and survival in elderly Korean breast cancer patients. METHODS: We identified women over 55 years of age diagnosed with breast cancer from the period 1995 to 2006. Clinicopathologic features and treatment methods were compared for three groups divided on the basis of age: 55 to 59 years, 60 to 69 years, and over 70 years old. The effects of chemotherapy on survival were compared overall and individually for each group. RESULTS: A total of 832 patients over 55 years of age were included in the present investigation. No statistical differences were observed between the three age groups in clinicopathologic features including tumor size, grade, and stage. However, patients in the elderly group received mastectomy more often when compared to the younger groups (p<0.001). In contrast, there was a decline in radiation treatment and chemotherapy with older age (p<0.001). Overall, patients who received chemotherapy had a significantly increased breast cancer specific survival and overall survival rate when compared to the non-chemotherapy groups (p=0.022). Among the estrogen receptor positive group, no statistical significance was achieved in the survival benefit of chemotherapy. However, in estrogen receptor-negative patients, overall, the chemotherapy groups showed a better survival rate than the non-chemotherapy patients and a similar trend was observed in each age group except in the group comprising of 70 years old patients. CONCLUSION: This study describes the survival benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy in Korean patients over 55 years of age, especially in hormone receptor-negative patients. Hence, based on the results of the present report and considering the similarity of clinicopathologic features between age groups, it is proposed that age alone should not be a determinant factor of treatment methods.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Estrogens , Mastectomy , Survival Rate
15.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 313-319, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200190

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Invasive pleomorphic lobular carcinoma (IPLC) is a very rare and distinct morphological variant of invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC), characterized by nuclear atypia and pleomorphism contrasted with the cytologic uniformity of ILC. This study evaluated clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis of IPLC compared with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 35 patients with IPLC and 6,184 patients with IDC, not otherwise specified. We compared the clinicopathologic characteristics, relapse-free survival (RFS) and disease specific survival (DSS) of patients who were surgically treated between January 1997 and December 2010. RESULTS: Patients with IPLC presented at an older age with larger tumor size, worse histologic grade, higher rates of N3 stage, more multifocal/multicentric tumors, and more nipple-areolar complex involvement than those of patients with IDC. During the follow-up period, the IPLC group experienced five cases (14.3%) of disease recurrence and three cases (8.6%) of disease specific mortality compared with 637 cases (10.4%) of recurrence and 333 cases (5.4%) of disease specific mortality in the IDC group. Univariate analysis using the Kaplan-Meier method revealed that the IPLC group showed a significantly poorer prognosis than that of the IDC group (RFS, p=0.008; DSS, p<0.001). However, after adjusting for clinicopathologic factors, a multivariate analysis showed no statistical differences in RFS (p=0.396) and DSS (p=0.168) between the IPLC and the IDC groups. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that patients with IPLC present with poor prognostic factors such as large tumor size, poor histologic grade and advanced stage at diagnosis. These aggressive clinicopathologic characteristics may result in poor clinical outcomes. Although our study could not link IPLC histology to poor prognosis, considering the aggressive characteristics of IPLC, early detection and considerate treatment, including proper surgical and adjuvant intervention, could be helpful for disease progression and survival.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aluminum Hydroxide , Breast , Carbonates , Carcinoma, Ductal , Carcinoma, Lobular , Disease Progression , Follow-Up Studies , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
16.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 359-363, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200183

ABSTRACT

Occult breast cancer is a type of breast cancer without any symptoms on the breasts or any abnormalities upon radiologic examination such as mammography. In males, there are few cases of breast cancer, the rate of diagnosis of occult breast cancer is very low, and little is known about this disease. We experienced two cases of occult breast cancers manifesting as axillary lymph node metastasis in men. They had a palpable lesion on axillary area several years ago and had not seen a doctor about it. As such there was no abnormality on evaluations for cancer except for axillary lymph node showing signs of carcinoma (primary or metastatic) on biopsy and estrogen receptor-positive and progesterone receptor-positive on immunohistochemistry. The patients were diagnosed with occult breast cancer, and treatments were performed. Herein, we report the rare cases of occult breast cancers in men.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Axilla , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Estrogens , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Mammography , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary , Progesterone
17.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : 473-482, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192555

ABSTRACT

Overexpression of HER2 correlates with more aggressive tumors and increased resistance to cancer chemotherapy. However, a functional comparison between the HER2high/HER3 and the HER2low/HER3 dimers on tumor metastasis has not been conducted. Herein we examined the regulation mechanism of heregulin-beta1 (HRG)-induced MMP-1 and -9 expression in breast cancer cell lines. Our results showed that the basal levels of MMP-1 and -9 mRNA and protein expression were increased by HRG treatment. In addition, HRG-induced MMP-1 and -9 expression was significantly decreased by MEK1/2 inhibitor, U0126 but not by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI-3K) inhibitor, LY294002. To confirm the role of MEK/ERK pathway on HRG-induced MMP-1 and -9 expression, MCF7 cells were transfected with constitutively active adenoviral-MEK (CA-MEK). The level of MMP-1 and -9 expressions was increased by CA-MEK. MMP-1 and -9 mRNA and protein expressions in response to HRG were higher in HER2 overexpressed cells than in vector alone. The phosphorylation of HER2, HER3, ERK, Akt, and JNK were also significantly increased in HER2 overexpressed MCF7 cells compared with vector alone. HRG-induced MMP-1 and -9 expressions were significantly decreased by lapatinib, which inhibits HER1 and HER2 activity, in both vector alone and HER2 overexpressed MCF7 cells. Finally, HRG-induced MMP-1 and MMP-9 expression was decreased by HER3 siRNA overexpression. Taken together, we suggested that HRG-induced MMP-1 and MMP-9 expression is mediated through HER3 dependent pathway and highly expressed HER2 may be associated with more aggressive metastasis than the low expressed HER2 in breast cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/enzymology , Butadienes/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Enzyme Inhibitors/pharmacology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System , MCF-7 Cells , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Neuregulin-1/pharmacology , Nitriles/pharmacology , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Protein Multimerization , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Quinazolines/pharmacology , Receptor, ErbB-2/genetics , Receptor, ErbB-3/metabolism
18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 98-104, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77075

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Internal mammary lymph node (IMLN) metastasis is an important prognostic indicator in breast cancer. However, the necessity of internal mammary sentinel lymph node biopsy for accurate staging, for choosing adjuvant treatment, and as a prognostic indicator, has remained controversial. METHODS: From January 2001 to December 2006, 525 female breast cancer patients underwent radical surgery after preoperative lymphatic scintigraphy. We retrospectively analyzed the follow-up results, recurrences, and deaths of all patients. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the clinicopathological characteristics between the axilla and the IMLN groups. The median follow-up period was 118.8 months (range, 7-122 months) in the axilla group and 107.7 months (range, 14-108 months) in the IMLN group. During the median follow-up period, the breast cancer-related death rate in the axilla group was 3.6%, which was not significantly different from that of the IMLN group (1.3%) (p=0.484). The five-year survival rates did not differ between the two groups (p=0.306). The overall recurrence rate and the locoregional recurrence rate also did not differ between the two groups (p=0.835 and p=0.582, respectively). The recurrence rate of IMLN (both ipsilateral and contralateral) metastasis was very low, accounting for 0.5% in the axilla group and 1.3% in the IMLN group (p=0.416). CONCLUSION: The long-term follow-up results showed that there was no significant difference in both overall outcome and regional recurrence between the two groups. Therefore, the requirement for identification of nodal basins outside the axilla or IMLN sentinel biopsy should be reconsidered.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Accounting , Axilla , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoscintigraphy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nitriles , Prognosis , Pyrethrins , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Survival Rate
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 803-808, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155380

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, several clinicians have reported the advantages of simplicity and cosmetic satisfaction of absorbable mesh insertion. However, there is insufficient evidence regardint its long-term outcomes. We have investigated the surgical complications and postoperative examination from the oncologic viewpoint. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From February 2008 to March 2009, 34 breast cancer patients underwent curative surgery with absorbable mesh insertion in Samsung Medical Center. Patient characteristics and follow up results including complications, clinical and radiological findings were retrospectively investigated. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 50.1+/-8.9 years old (range 31-82) with a mean tumor size of 3+/-1.8 cm (range 0.8-10.5), and the excised breast tissue showed a mean volume of 156.1+/-99.8 mL (range 27-550). Over the median follow-up period of 18+/-4.6 months (range 3-25), mesh associated complications, including severe pain or discomfort, edema, and recurrent fluid collection, occurred in nine patients (26.5%). In three cases (8.8%), recurrent mastitis resulted in mesh removal or surgical intervention. In the postoperative radiologic survey, the most common finding was fluid collection, which occurred in five patients (16.1%), including one case with organizing hematoma. Fat necrosis and microcalcifications were found in three patients (9.7%). CONCLUSION: Absorbable mesh insertion has been established as a technically feasible, time-saving procedure after breast excision. However, the follow-up results showed some noticeable side effects and the oncologic safety of the procedure is unconfirmed. Therefore, we suggest that mesh insertion should be considered only in select cases and should be followed-up carefully.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Edema/etiology , Follow-Up Studies , Granuloma, Foreign-Body/etiology , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Mastectomy, Segmental/adverse effects , Mastitis/etiology , Pain/etiology , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects
20.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 322-327, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64601

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The frequency of immediate breast reconstruction (IBR) is increasing, and the types of reconstruction used are diverse. Adjuvant chemotherapy is a life-saving intervention in selected high-risk breast cancer patients. The aim of our study was to determine how IBR and type of reconstruction affect the timing of the initiation of chemotherapy. METHODS: We obtained data from female breast cancer patients treated by mastectomy with IBR (IBR group) and without IBR (mastectomy only group) who received adjuvant chemotherapy between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2010. We retrospectively collected data including patient characteristics, disease characteristics, treatment details, and treatment outcomes from our institutional electronic patient database and medical treatment records. The reconstruction types were categorized as deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap, latissimus dorsi (LD) flap and tissue expander/implant (TEI). RESULTS: In total, 595 patients were included in this study. Of these patients, 43 underwent mastectomy with IBR (IBR group) and 552 patients did not undergo reconstruction (mastectomy only group). There was significant difference in the timing of the initiation of chemotherapy between the two groups (p<0.0001). There were no cases of delays of more than 12 weeks. In the IBR group, 20 patients received TEI, 9 patients were treated by the insertion DIEP flaps, and 14 patients were treated by LD flaps. There were no significant differences in the timing of chemotherapy according to the type of reconstruction (p=0.095). CONCLUSION: IBR delays the initiation of chemotherapy, but does not lead to omission or significant clinical delay in chemotherapy. Further, the type of reconstruction does not affect the timing of chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Diclofenac , Electronics , Electrons , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Retrospective Studies
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