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1.
Ciênc. cuid. saúde ; 20: e56987, 2021. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1356108

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Analisar as evidências científicas sobre estudos de elaboração e/ou validação de tecnologias educacionais para o ensino de primeiros socorros a pais e educadores. Método: Estudo de revisão integrativa, com questão de pesquisa elaborada pela estratégia PICo - População, Interesse, Contexto, selecionando-se os descritores "Parents", "SchoolTeachers", "First Aids", "Teaching Material", "Educational Techonology', "Validation Study". Realizou-se a busca em seis fontes de literatura científica, no período de junho de 2021. Aplicaram-se os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, em seguida, os dados foram extraídos por formulário próprio, avaliados por nível de evidência, analisados e interpretados pelo método de redução dos dados. Resultados: A amostra final quantificou seis estudos, com níveis de evidência científica baixo a moderado, que se destacam pela diversidade entre as tecnologias educacionais do tipo cartilha, calendário, folheto, pôster e história em quadrinhos para pais e educadores que tratam do ensino de primeiros socorros. Conclusão: Observou-se escassez de estudos de elaboração e validação de tecnologias educativas em primeiros socorros para pais e educadores. Recomenda-se investir em tecnologias educativas validadas de fácil acesso e leitura e, ainda, que permitam o uso em recursos informatizados, de modo a ampliar o acesso da população e abranger acidentes e incidentes vivenciados nos ambientes doméstico e escolar.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar las evidencias científicas sobre estudios de elaboración y/o validación de tecnologías educativas para la enseñanza de primeros auxilios a padres y educadores. Método: estudio de revisión integradora, con cuestión de investigación elaborada por la estrategia PICo - Población, Interés, Contexto, seleccionándose los descriptores "Parents", "School Teachers", "First Aids", "Teaching Material", "Educational Techonology', "Validation Study". Se realizó la búsqueda en seis fuentes de literatura científica, en el período de junio de 2021. Se aplicaron los criterios de inclusión y exclusión, luego, los datos fueron extraídos por formulario propio, evaluados por nivel de evidencia, analizados e interpretados por el método de reducción de los datos. Resultados: la muestra final cuantificó seis estudios, con niveles de evidencia científica bajo a moderado, que se destacan por la diversidad entre las tecnologías educativas del tipo cartilla, calendario, folleto, póster y cómic dirigidos a padres y educadores que se ocupan de la enseñanza de primeros auxilios. Conclusión: se observó escasez de estudios de elaboración y validación de tecnologías educativas en primeros auxilios para padres y educadores. Se recomienda invertir en tecnologías educativas validadas de fácil acceso y lectura y, además, que permitan el uso de recursos informatizados, a fin de ampliar el acceso a la población e incluir accidentes e incidentes vividos en los ambientes doméstico y escolar.


ABSTRACT Objective: To analyze the scientific evidence on studies on the development and/or validation of educational technologies for teaching first aid to parents and educators. Method: Integrative review study, with research question elaborated by the PICo strategy - Population, Interest, Context, selecting the descriptors "Parents", "School Teachers", "First Aids", "Teaching Material", "Educational Technology", "Validation Study". A search was carried out in six sources of scientific literature, in the period of June 2021. The inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, then the data were extracted using a specific form, evaluated by level of evidence, analyzed and interpreted by the data reduction method. Results: The final sample quantified six studies, with low to moderate levels of scientific evidence, which stand out for the diversity between educational technologies such as a booklet, calendar, leaflet, poster and comic book for parents and educators who deal with the teaching of first aid. Conclusion: There was a scarcity of studies on the development and validation of educational technologies onfirst aid for parents and educators. It is recommended to invest in validated educational technologies that are easy to access and read and also allow the use of computerized resources in order to expand the population's access and also to cover accidents and incidents experienced in the home and school environments.


Subject(s)
Parents , Teaching/education , Educational Technology/education , First Aid , School Teachers , Teaching Materials , Health Promotion
2.
Rev. gaúch. enferm ; 42: e20200053, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1149941

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To recognize the domains of competencies in promoting health in the environmental education practices performed by community health agents. Method: A mixed study, which adopted the Developing Competencies and Professional Standards for Health Promotion Capacity Building in Europe (CompHP) as a theoretical framework, conducted in Crato, Ceará, with 16 community health agents, based on semi-structured interviews and data organization through the ALCESTE software. Results: The following domains of competencies in health promotion were evidenced: partnership, possibility of changes, and diagnosis. We recognize evidence signaling other domains, although with less statistical significance, such as: communication, planning and implementation, with a view to developing environmental education activities. Final considerations: There is a mobilization of a limited number of health promotion competences in the environmental education practices developed by community health agents, which requires the wholeness of these elements to implement health promotion practices and, thus, positive transformations on the environment and health.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Reconocer los dominios de competencias en promoción de la salud en las prácticas de educación ambiental llevadas a cabo por agentes comunitarios de salud. Método: Un estudio mixto, que adoptó el Developing Competencies and Profissional Standards for Health Promotion Capacity Building in Europe(CompHP) como referencia teórica, realizado en Crato, Ceará, con 16 agentes de salud comunitarios, basado en entrevistas semiestructuradas y organización de datos utilizando el software ALCESTE. Resultados: Se destacaron los siguientes dominios de competencias en la promoción de la salud: asociación, posibilidad de cambios y diagnóstico. Se reconoce evidencia que apunta a otros dominios, aunque con menos significancia estadística, tales como: comunicación, planificación e implementación, para el desarrollo de actividades de educación ambiental. Consideraciones finales: Se registra una movilización de una cantidad limitada de competencias de promoción de la salud en las prácticas de educación ambiental desarrolladas por agentes de salud comunitarios, todo lo cual es necesario para implementar prácticas de promoción de la salud y, por lo tanto, transformaciones positivas sobre el medio ambiente y la salud.


RESUMO Objetivo: Reconhecer domínios de competências em promoção da saúde nas práticas de educação ambiental realizadas pelos agentes comunitários de saúde. Método: Estudo misto, que adotou como referencial teórico o Developing Competencies and Profissional Standards for Health Promotion Capacity Building in Europe (CompHP), realizado em Crato, Ceará, junto a 16 agentes comunitários de saúde, a partir de entrevista semiestruturada e organização dos dados através do software ALCESTE. Resultados: Foram evidenciados os domínios de competências em promoção da saúde de parceria, possibilidade de mudanças e diagnóstico. Reconhecem-se evidências que apontam outros domínios, embora com menor significância estatística, tais como: comunicação, planejamento e implementação, para o desenvolvimento das atividades de educação ambiental. Considerações finais: Há a mobilização de um número limitado de domínios de competências em promoção da saúde nas práticas de educação ambiental desenvolvidas pelos agentes comunitários de saúde, sendo necessária a totalidade destes para concretizar as práticas de promoção da saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Primary Health Care , Community Health Workers , Environmental Health Education , Health Promotion , Public Health
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(3): 261-269, Apr.-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957430

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to integrate findings related to Zika virus from the scientific literature. An integrative review of Medline was conducted, and data search was performed using the Health Sciences Descriptor Zika virus and the following filters: full texts available; studies in humans; full articles; and publications in Portuguese, French, English, and Spanish. After application of the filters, followed by reading of the titles, abstracts, and full texts, 44 studies were included in the review, for which content analysis was performed. A large part of the literature comprised review articles (84%; N=37); the majority was in English (95%, N=42). In 2016, 84% (N=37) of our sample articles was published, while in 2017, 16% (N=7) was published. The main form of viral transmission was thorough the mosquito Aedes aegypti (N=30). In addition, sexual transmission (N=09), transmission through blood transfusion (N=16), vertical transmission (N=21) and transmission from occupational activities (N=03) occurred. It was possible to diagnose the disease by testing blood (N=22), urine (N=14), saliva (N=06), semen/sperm (N=03), cerebrospinal and amniotic fluid, and other tissues (N=02). Symptomatology occurred in 1-5 people (N=10) between 3 and 7 days after a mosquito bite (N=09). Complications observed were Guillain Barré syndrome (N=27); neurological Zika syndrome (N=27); meningitis, meningoencephalitis, and myelitis (N=07); deaths and/or newborns (N=03). The review provides scientific evidence that contributes to the care, planning and implementation of public policies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Aedes/virology , Zika Virus Infection/complications , Zika Virus Infection/diagnosis , Zika Virus Infection/therapy , Mosquito Vectors/virology , Zika Virus , Zika Virus Infection
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