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Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e210298, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1252387


Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is one of the most well-known malignancies that affect the human population worldwide. The early diagnosis and early intervention of OSCC help improve the survival rate of the patients. The tumour free surgical margins are a positive prognostic factor for recurrence-free survival. The molecular markers can be used to detect the tumour free surgical margins. Aim: The aim of the study is to evaluate the expression of p53 & Cyclin D1 marker in resected surgical apparently clear margins and to correlate the p53 & Cyclin D1 expression with clinicopathological characteristics and patient outcome. Methods: The study population included retrospective cases of OSCC with apparently clear margins (2017-18) n=10 and Clinicopathological variables relevant to survival analysis were recorded. Finally, two margins were selected from each case, a total of 20 margins were included in this study. Paraffin-embedded wax blocks retrieved and tissue sections were made. Expression of cyclin D1 and p 53 was assessed by the immunohistochemical staining procedure Results: Positive expressions Cyclin D1 in 40% of mild dysplasia margins and 60% in clearance adequate margins were present. p53 expression was seen in 16% of mild dysplasia margins and 84% in clearance adequate margins. The expression of p53 and Cyclin D1 molecular markers are noted in the basal & parabasal layer of epithelium. Conclusion: Molecular markers could play a more reliable method for the assessment of dysplasia at the margins

Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Cyclin D1
Braz. dent. sci ; 24(3): 1-7, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1281389


Background: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is graded according to various histological factors which include the epithelial changes and the connective tissue changes. These features could be identified in routine Hematoxylin and Eosin (H and E) staining in shades of pink. However, the use of special stains provides a contrast to various connective tissue components thereby aiding in better visualization of these connective tissue changes in advanced OSMF cases. Objective:To compare and evaluate muscle involvement and degeneration in advanced oral submucous fibrosis using three different stains namely, H&E, Van Gieson, and Masson's Trichrome. Material and Methods: 10 Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of advanced OSMFwere stained using 3 different stains namely Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E), Van-Gieson, and Masson trichrome. The results obtained were tabulated and statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis ANOVA. Results: The hyalinization and fibrosis involving the skeletal muscle were better visualized in Masson's Trichrome but were not statistically significant. The muscle degeneration in deeper areas was better visualized in Masson's trichrome when compared to the H&E and Van Gieson. Conclusion: Hematoxylin and eosin stains all the connective tissue components in various shades of pink, use of special stains bestows contrast between different components of connective tissue, thus improvising grading of OSMF. Masson's trichrome stain can be used as a single adjunct to hematoxylin and eosin stain as changes in the superficial and deeper connective tissue could be ascertained (AU)

Contexto: A fibrose submucosa oral (FSO) é classificada de acordo com vários fatores histológicos que incluem alterações epiteliais e do tecido conjuntivo. Essas características podem ser identificadas na coloração de rotina com Hematoxilina e Eosina (H&E) em tons de rosa. No entanto, o uso de colorações especiais fornece um contraste para vários componentes do tecido conjuntivo, auxiliando assim na melhor visualização dessas alterações do tecido conjuntivo em casos avançados de FSO. Objetivo: Comparar e avaliar o envolvimento e degeneração muscular da fibrose submucosa oral avançada usando três colorações diferentes: H&E, Van Gieson e Tricrômio de Masson. Material e Métodos: 10 seções de tecido fixadas em formalina e embebidas em parafina de FSO avançada foram coradas usando essas três colorações. Os resultados obtidos foram tabulados e analisados estatisticamente por meio do teste de Kruskal Wallis. Resultados: A hialinização e fibrose envolvendo o músculo esquelético foram melhor visualizadas no tricromo de Masson, mas não foram estatisticamente significativas. A degeneração muscular em áreas mais profundas foi melhor visualizada no tricrômico de Masson, quando comparado ao H&E e Van Gieson. Conclusão: Hematoxilina e Eosina coloram todos os componentes do tecido conjuntivo em vários tons de rosa. O uso de colorações especiais confere contraste entre os diferentes componentes do tecido conjuntivo, melhorando assim a avaliação da FSO. A coloração com tricrômio de Masson pode ser usada como um único adjunto para a coloração de Hematoxilina e Eosina, pois assim é possível verificar alterações superficiais e profundas no tecido conjuntivo. (AU)

Oral Submucous Fibrosis , Fibrosis , Connective Tissue
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-215252


Tissue processing in histotechnique is an important procedure after specimen collection involving three main procedures namely, dehydration using alcohol, clearing using xylene, and infiltration by paraffin wax. Isopropyl alcohol, the widely used dehydrating agent is toxic and when exposed to heated isopropyl alcohol fumes, it leads to numerous health hazards. Anhydrous copper sulphate is less toxic than isopropyl alcohol and requires less amount of exposure to the chemicals. The aim of the study was to investigate the dehydrating potential of anhydrous CuSO4 as an isopropyl alcohol substitute. METHODSA descriptive study of forty paired soft tissue specimens were obtained from the Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology and were subjected to routine histopathological tissue processing with isopropyl alcohol and anhydrous CuSO4 as dehydrating agents. Histomorphological criteria namely nuclear staining, cytoplasmic staining, artefacts, and background staining were evaluated and the scores were tabulated, and statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 20 by IBM. RESULTSOur study results showed that 40 % of alcohol dehydrated tissue samples had better nuclear staining than tissue samples dehydrated by anhydrous copper sulphate and 15 % of alcohol dehydrated tissue samples had better cytoplasmic staining than tissues dehydrated by Anhydrous CuSO4. Background staining of more than 20 % was seen in anhydrous CuSO4 dehydrated tissue specimens than alcohol dehydrated tissue specimens. Artefacts were seen in similar ratios in both alcohol (80 %) and anhydrous copper sulphate (75 %) dehydrated tissue specimens. CONCLUSIONSAnhydrous CuSO4 has superior dehydrating properties than isopropyl alcohol which lead to over-dehydration of the tissue specimens. Further studies are required to validate the findings.

Braz. dent. sci ; 22(4): 458-466, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1024344


Objective: The aim of the present study is to analyze and evaluate the applicability of bizygomatic and maxillary central incisor width in identifying the sex of an individual for anthropological studies. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 100 individuals in a private dental institution. The width of the central incisor was measured by requesting the subject to bite onto a sheet of modelling wax. The bizygomatic width was calculated with the help of a divider by taking the most prominent area of the zygomatic arch as the reference point bilaterally. Berry's formula was used to calculate the width of the maxillary central incisor from the bizygomatic width. Berry's Formula "Width of the maxillary central incisor = Bizygomatic width / 16." The data obtained was tabulated and analyzed statistically. Results: The results in our study indicated that the widths of both maxillary central incisors and the bizygomatic width were found to be higher in males when compared to females with a positive strong correlation. Conclusion: The Berry's index can be used for identifying the gender and can also be used for facial reconstruction. (AU)

Objetivo: O objetivo do presente estudo é analisar e avaliar a aplicabilidade da distância bizigomática e espessura de incisivos centrais maxilares na identificação do sexo de um indivíduo para estudos antropológicos. Material e métodos: O estudo foi conduzido com 100 indivíduos de uma instituição odontológica privada. A espessura do incisivo central foi medida pedindo ao sujeito que mordesse em uma folha de cera. A espessura bizigomática foi calculada com o auxílio de uma régua pegando a área mais proeminente do arco zigomático como ponto de referência bilateralmente. A fórmula de Berry foi usada para calcular a espessura do incisivo central maxilar da espessura zigomática. Fórmula de Berry: "Espessura do incisivo central maxial = Espessura bizigomática / 16". Os dados obtidos foram tabulados e analisados estatisticamente. Resultados: Os resultados em nosso estudo indicaram que as espessuras de ambos os incisivos centrais maxilares como as espessuras bizigomáticas foram maiores no sexo masculino do que no sexo feminino, com uma correlação positiva forte. Conclusão: O índice de Berry pode ser usado para identificação de gênero e também pode ser usado para reconstrução facial. (AU)

Humans , Gender Identity , Incisor