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Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 407-412, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709538


Objective To analyze the safety and effectiveness of robot-assisted laparoscopic partial nephrectomy(RLPN) for cT2 renal tumors in international multi-centers.Methods This study was conducted to collect information on surgical procedures performed by RLPN and robot assisted laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (RRN) in nineteen international urological centers from January 2012 to December 2017.RLPN were performed in 159 patients (118 males and 41 females),with the average age of (59.3 ± 13.2) years,body mass index(BMI) of (28.7 ± 5.4)kg/m2,preoperative GFR of (77.3 ± 22.1) ml/min.RRN were performed in 219 patients,with the average age of (62.0 ± 12.9) years,BMI of (28.7 ±6.1) kg/m2,preoperative GFR of (71.4 ± 20.3) ml/min.There was no statistical difference between the two groups in gender and BMI.The age of the patients in RLPN group was younger than that in RRN group,and the preoperative GFR was better.The patient's baseline demographics,perioperative data,tumor pathology,oncologic outcomes,and renal function (GFR) were recorded.Results All 378 cases underwent successful surgery.The operation time of RLPN was 150 min(65-353 min),which was shorter than that of RRN [180 min(85-361 min),P < 0.001].The intra-operative blood loss of RLPN was more than that of RRN [150 ml (40-3 000 ml) vs.100 ml (10-1 100 ml),P < 0.001].The incidence of intra-operative complications were not statistically different between the two groups [5.7% (9/159) vs.3.2% (7/219),P =0.240].The incidence of postoperative complications was higher in the RLPN group than that in RRN group [19.5% (31/159) vs.10.5% (23/219),P =0.014],but there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications of grade 3 or above [4.4% (7/159) vs.2.3% (5/219),P =0.246].The recurrence-free survival rate of RLPN group was higher than that of RRN group [91.4% (117/128) vs.81.9% (167/204),P =0.013],and RLPN group was more conducive to renal function protection (P < 0.001).Conclusions RLPN for cT2 tumors can obtain effective tumor control rate and better renal function preservation.It could be an acceptable alternative for surgical management of cT2 tumors.

Int. braz. j. urol ; 42(3): 479-486, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-785743


ABSTRACT Purpose The aim of this study was to describe the outcomes and the complications of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) for renal stones in a multi-institutional working group. Materials and Methods From 2012 to 2014, we conducted a prospective study including all RIRS performed for kidney stones in 4 European centers. Demographic information, disease characteristics, and perioperative and postoperative data were gathered. Patients and stone data, procedure characteristics, results and safety outcomes were analyzed and compared by descriptive statistics. Complications were reported using the standardized Clavien system. Results Three hundred and fifty-six patients underwent 377 RIRS with holmium laser lithotripsy for renal stones. The RIRS was completed in all patients with a mean operative time of 63.5 min. The stone-free status was confirmed endoscopically and through fluoroscopic imaging after the first procedure in 73.6%. The second procedure was performed in twenty patients (5.6%) achieving an overall stone free rate of 78.9%. The overall complication rate was 15.1%. Intra-operative and post-operative complications were seen in 24 (6.7%) and 30 (8.4%) cases, respectively. Conclusions RIRS is a minimally invasive procedure with good results in terms of stone-free and complications rate.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Kidney Calculi/surgery , Lithotripsy, Laser/methods , Ureteroscopy/instrumentation , Ureteroscopy/methods , Ureteroscopes , Postoperative Complications , Fluoroscopy/methods , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Lithotripsy, Laser/instrumentation , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Equipment Design , Europe , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Middle Aged