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1.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 734-746, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003070

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We performed a prospective study to determine the efficacy and safety of rituximab including chemotherapy in CD20-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). @*Methods@#Patients with newly diagnosed ALL, aged ≥ 15 years, were eligible for the study if their leukemic blast cells in bone marrow expressed CD20 ≥ 20% at the time of diagnosis. Patients received multiagent chemotherapy with rituximab. After achieving complete remission (CR), patients received five cycles of consolidation with concomitant rituximab. Rituximab was administered monthly from day 90 of transplantation for patients who received allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. @*Results@#In patients with Philadelphia (Ph)-negative ALL, 39 of 41 achieved CR (95.1%), the 2- and 4-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rates were 50.4% and 35.7%, and the 2- and 4-year overall survival (OS) rates were 51.5% and 43.2%, respectively. In the group with Ph-positive ALL, all 32 patients achieved CR, the 2- and 4-year RFS rates were 60.7% and 52.1%, and the 2- and 4-year OS rates were 73.3% and 52.3%, respectively. In the Ph-negative ALL group, patients with higher CD20 positivity experienced more favorable RFS (p < 0.001) and OS (p = 0.06) than those with lower CD20 positivity. Patients who received ≥ 2 cycles of rituximab after transplantation had significantly improved RFS (hazard ratio [HR], 0.31; p = 0.049) and OS (HR, 0.29; p = 0.021) compared with those who received < 2 cycles. @*Conclusions@#The addition of rituximab to conventional chemotherapy for CD20-positive ALL is effective and tolerable (Clinicaltrials. gov NCT01429610).

2.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1459-1470, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919162

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Relatively little data are available on how the response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has affected treatment outcomes in patients receiving chemotherapy for lymphoma or multiple myeloma. We aimed to determine the effect of COVID-19 countermeasures on treatment outcomes in this patient population. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed data on patients treated for lymphoma or multiple myeloma in two tertiary hospitals in Seoul. Patients were divided into two groups: group 1 included patients who received chemotherapy between September and December 2019 (the control period), and group 2 included patients who received chemotherapy between September and December 2020 (the study period). Countermeasures to COVID-19 were applied to the patients in group 2. The countermeasures implemented included mask wearing and regular handwashing at home and in hospital; COVID-19 risk assessments on all hospital visitors; and pre-emptive COVID-19 screening for all newly hospitalized patients and their resident guardians. @*Results@#No differences in treatment outcomes, including treatment response, incidence and duration of neutropenia or neutropenic fever, delays in chemotherapy, or number of deaths during chemotherapy, were observed between the g roups. None of the patients in group 2 tested positive for COVID-19, and there were no COVID-19-related deaths during the study period. @*Conclusions@#Countermeasures to COVID-19 did not affect treatment outcomes in patients receiving chemotherapy for lymphoma or multiple myeloma. Data on the effect of countermeasures to COVID-19 on treatment outcomes should continue to be analyzed to ensure that treatment outcomes are not adversely affected.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1199-1209, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831913

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Various preoperative screening tests, such as platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and bleeding time, have been widely used to evaluate the risk of bleeding during surgery. Use of platelet function analyzer (PFA)-100/200 for assessing platelet function instead of bleeding time is increasing. However, its role in predicting the perioperative risk of bleeding remains controversial. @*Methods@#Data of 703 patients who underwent surgery under general anesthesia were retrospectively analyzed. Preoperative platelet function was measured using PFA-200 system and the association with intraoperative bleeding was assessed. Additionally, other variables that could affect PFA-200 results were assessed by logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#Collagen/epinephrine (COL/EPI) test was prolonged in 199/703 (28.3%) patients (EPI group), while 99/212 (46.7%) patients showed COL/adenosine diphosphate test abnormalities. Bleeding over 300 mL during surgery occurred in 14.3% and 20.1% of patients in the normal and EPI groups, respectively (p = 0.058). In addition, red blood cell transfusion within 72 hours after surgery rate was significantly higher in the EPI group than in the normal group (31.7% vs. 23.4%,p= 0.024). In multivariate logistic analysis, prolongation closure time with COL/EPI (p = 0.068) was marginally associated with risk of bleeding during surgery. Furthermore, PFA-200 results were influenced by various factors, such as nonsteroidalanti-inflammatory drug use, blood group, hematocrit, and time of blood collection. @*Conclusions@#Preoperative PFA-200 test may be helpful in predicting the risk of perioperative bleeding. However, its results should be carefully interpreted becausethey are affected by several factors.

4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1468-1476, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831886

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The prognosis of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is still poor because of rapid recurrence, despite good response to initial chemotherapy. Additionally, patients’ old ages and comorbidities are often obstacles that make it difficult to apply subsequent treatment after initial treatment. This retrospective study analyzed the correlation of post-progression survival (PPS) with overall survival (OS), and prognostic factors including comorbidities to figure out impact of subsequent chemotherapy on OS in elderly extensive disease SCLC. @*Methods@#We analyzed 101 patients of age 65 years or older who were recently diagnosed with extensive disease SCLC (ED-SCLC) in Korea University Medical Center between January 1995 and December 2015. The degree of comorbidity was scored using simplified comorbidity score (SCS). Correlation between PPS, progression-free survival (PFS) and OS was analyzed using a Pearson correlation coefficient. Cox proportional hazards regression was employed to examine the influence of clinical variables on survival. @*Results@#Median age of patients was 71 years old (range, 65 to 83). Median OS was 8.7 months (range, 0.3 to 42.7). PPS was a reliable factor on OS than PFS (R2 = 0.852, p 4 cycles of first line chemotherapy and subsequent second line chemotherapy. @*Conclusions@#PPS was more correlated with OS than PFS in elderly patients with ED-SCLC. The most important prognostic factors for PPS and OS included SCS and second line chemotherapy. Patients receiving subsequent treatment had increased OS regardless of degree of comorbidity.

5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 970-978, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831794

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The diagnosis of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is based on clinical manifestations and there is no gold standard. Thus, even hematologic malignancy is sometimes misdiagnosed as ITP and adequate treatment is delayed. Therefore, novel diagnostic parameters are needed to distinguish ITP from other causes of thrombocytopenia. Immature platelet fraction (IPF) has been proposed as one of new parameters. In this study, we assessed the usefulness of IPF and developed a diagnostic predictive scoring model for ITP. @*Methods@#We retrospectively studied 568 patients with thrombocytopenia. Blood samples were collected and IPF quantified using a fully-automated hematology analyzer. We also estimated other variables that could affect thrombocytopenia by logistic regression analysis. @*Results@#The median IPF was significantly higher in the ITP group than in the non-ITP group (8.7% vs. 5.1%). The optimal cut-off value of IPF for differentiating ITP was 7.0%. We evaluated other laboratory variables via logistic regression analysis. IPF, hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and ferritin were statistically significant and comprised a diagnostic predictive scoring model. Our model gave points to each of variables: 1 to high hemoglobin (> 12 g/dL), low ferritin (≤ 177 ng/ mL), normal LDH (≤ upper limit of normal) and IPF ≥ 7 and < 10, 2 to IPF ≥ 10. The final score was obtained by summing the points. We defined that ITP could be predicted in patients with more than 3 points. @*Conclusions@#IPF could be a useful parameter to distinguish ITP from other causes of thrombocytopenia. We developed the predictive scoring model. This model could predict ITP with high probability.

6.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1333-1346, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#Bortezomib plus melphalan-prednisone (VMP) is a standard treatment for multiple myeloma, particularly for patients who are ineligible for high-dose therapy. However, early discontinuation or treatment modification is often needed owing to adverse events. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of modifying the dose of melphalan-prednisone (MP) in patients receiving VMP.@*METHODS@#We examined 67 patients who received a modified dose of MP, and 38 patients who received the regularly planned dose of MP. We then analyzed clinical differences between the groups.@*RESULTS@#Although there was no difference in the proportion of discontinuation due to adverse events between dose groups, more patients in the planned-dose group experienced earlier discontinuation in general. The overall response rate (ORR) was 81.0% and complete response (CR) rate was 30.5%. After a median 15.7 months of follow-up, the median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 25.0 and 47.8 months, respectively. There was no significant difference in the ORR, CR, PFS, and OS of the two dose groups. A median of four cycles were delivered, and the median cumulative bortezomib dose was 41.6 mg/m². The median PFS in patients with doses ≥ 41.6 mg/m² was longer than that in patients with doses < 41.6 mg/m² (35.1 months vs. 9.6 months). However, when MP was < 50% of the planned dose, PFS and OS were poor.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Modifying the dose of MP might be a feasible and effective therapeutic approach for multiple myeloma patients receiving VMP treatment.

7.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 182-190, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741135

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The staging work-up for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma includes bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. Consistent results of both procedures can clarify the diagnosis. However, no clear guidelines have been established regarding positive results for bone marrow aspiration alone. The aim of this study was, therefore, to analyze the overall survival (OS) for the clinical diagnoses of these patients using morphological methods. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who were consecutively enrolled in the Korea University Lymphoma Registry from 1991 to 2016. OS was compared according to the bone marrow group: without bone marrow involvement (BMA−/BMBx−), with positive results for aspiration and negative results for biopsy (BMA+/BMBx−), and with bone marrow involvement in biopsy (BMBx+). OS was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analysis. RESULTS: Of 1,735 patients, 1,326 were analyzed and 409 were excluded. In the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, OS was significantly worse for patients in the BMBx+ group compared with those in the BMA−/BMBx− group (p < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in OS between patients in the BMA+/BMBx− group and those in other groups (vs. BMA−/BMBx−, p = 0.163; BMBx+, p = 0.292). In multivariate analysis, by adjusting survival-related variables, the BMA+/BMBx− group showed marginal significance compared to the BMA−/BMBx− group (p = 0.081), and showed significance in the subgroup of indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients (p = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that even if there are positive results in bone marrow aspiration alone in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, attention to patient characteristics, involving significance as a poor prognosis for OS, is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Korea , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 182-190, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938573

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS@#The staging work-up for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma includes bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. Consistent results of both procedures can clarify the diagnosis. However, no clear guidelines have been established regarding positive results for bone marrow aspiration alone. The aim of this study was, therefore, to analyze the overall survival (OS) for the clinical diagnoses of these patients using morphological methods.@*METHODS@#We performed a retrospective analysis of patients who were consecutively enrolled in the Korea University Lymphoma Registry from 1991 to 2016. OS was compared according to the bone marrow group: without bone marrow involvement (BMA−/BMBx−), with positive results for aspiration and negative results for biopsy (BMA+/BMBx−), and with bone marrow involvement in biopsy (BMBx+). OS was assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method and multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#Of 1,735 patients, 1,326 were analyzed and 409 were excluded. In the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, OS was significantly worse for patients in the BMBx+ group compared with those in the BMA−/BMBx− group (p < 0.001). However, there was no significant difference in OS between patients in the BMA+/BMBx− group and those in other groups (vs. BMA−/BMBx−, p = 0.163; BMBx+, p = 0.292). In multivariate analysis, by adjusting survival-related variables, the BMA+/BMBx− group showed marginal significance compared to the BMA−/BMBx− group (p = 0.081), and showed significance in the subgroup of indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients (p = 0.003).@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study suggested that even if there are positive results in bone marrow aspiration alone in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, attention to patient characteristics, involving significance as a poor prognosis for OS, is required.

9.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 189-193, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760494

ABSTRACT

A variety of clonal cytogenetic abnormalities have been reported in aggressive natural killer (NK)-cell lymphoma and leukemia. Recent chromosomal microarray studies have shown both gain and loss of 1q and loss of 7p as recurrent abnormalities in aggressive NK-cell leukemia. Here, we report a case of aggressive NK-cell leukemia with complex chromosomal gains and losses, as confirmed by chromosomal microarray analysis. The patient showed an aggressive clinical course, which was complicated by hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Conventional cytogenetic analysis revealed trisomy 3 and 1q gain only. However, chromosomal microarray analysis detected an additional gain of 1q21.1–q24.2 and a loss of 1q24.2–q31.3. These abnormal lesions might play a role in the pathogenesis of aggressive NK-cell leukemia by inactivating tumor suppressor genes or by activating oncogenes. These results suggest that chromosomal microarray analysis may be used to provide further genetic information for patients with hematological malignancies, including aggressive NK-cell leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetic Analysis , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Hematologic Neoplasms , Leukemia , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Lymphoma , Microarray Analysis , Oncogenes , Trisomy
10.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 711-721, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67785

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aims of this study were to identify the value of inflammatory markers as pretreatment prognostic factors for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and to estimate the value of a prognostic index including these markers at diagnosis. METHODS: A total of 273 newly diagnosed MM patients undergoing active treatment were analyzed in this study. The prognostic values for survival of the pretreatment inflammatory markers were investigated. A myeloma prognostic index (MPI) was derived using prognostic factors determined to be independently significant on multivariate analysis. RESULTS: A high pretreatment neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), low platelet count, and high C-reactive protein (CRP) level had independently unfavorable significance for overall survival (OS). The MPI was derived based on these factors. Per the MPI, 1 point each was assigned to high NLR, low platelet count, and high CRP. Risk categories were stratified into low- (score 0), intermediate- (score 1), and high-risk (score 2 or 3) groups. The MPI demonstrated independent statistical significance for OS on multivariate analysis ([intermediate: hazard ratio (HR), 1.91; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.12 to 3.24] and [high: HR, 3.37; 95% CI, 2.00 to 5.69]; p < 0.001). Moreover, this significance could be observed regardless of age, renal function, and exposure to novel agents. In addition, the International Staging System risk group could be further significantly stratified using the MPI. CONCLUSIONS: The MPI, consisting of pretreatment inflammatory markers, NLR, platelet count, and CRP, might be effective in predicting the survival of newly diagnosed MM patients undergoing active treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Diagnosis , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , Platelet Count , Prognosis
11.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 280-284, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-227116

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Changes in pulse pressure (PP) may alter the morphology of arterial pressure waveforms, thereby affecting the accuracy of cardiac output (CO) measurements derived from such waveforms. This study evaluated the influence of PP on the accuracy of FloTrac/Vigileo™ system-measured CO (APCO). Pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) measured stat mode CO (SCO) is used as a reference standard. METHODS: Hemodynamic variables were measured at various time points in 24 patients. APCO and SCO were compared using Bland-Altman analysis of the overall data pairs. The data pairs were divided into a low PP group and a high PP group, and subgroup analysis was conducted. RESULTS: The mean APCO (5.3 ± 1.7 L/min) was higher than the mean SCO (5.1 ± 1.6 L/min) for all data pairs (P < 0.001). The Bland-Altman analysis revealed an overall percentage error of 41.7% between the APCO and SCO, which exceeds a 30% limit of agreement. There was a significant relationship between PP and the difference between APCO and SCO (P = 0.031, R = 0.151). In subgroup analysis, APCO and SCO showed reasonable agreement in the low PP group, with a percentage error of 28.2%, but decreased agreement in the high PP group, with a percentage error of 43.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Changes in PP affect the accuracy of APCO measurements. An acceptable level of agreement between APCO and SCO was observed only in a low range of PP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arterial Pressure , Blood Pressure , Cardiac Output , Catheters , Hemodynamics , Pulmonary Artery
12.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 155-159, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215140

ABSTRACT

Benedikt syndrome is characterized by ipsilateral ophthalmoplegia with contralateral hemichorea due to a midbrain lesion. A 67-year-old male with Benedikt syndrome underwent corpectomy at L1 and anterolateral interbody fusion at T12-L2 due to pathologic bursting fracture at L1 involving multiple myeloma. He had a history of traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage and subdural hemorrhage 8 months before surgery. Magnetic resonance image of the brain revealed intracranial hemorrhage from thalamus to midbrain. Target controlled infusion with propofol and remifentanil were administered for anesthetic induction and maintenance and close hemodynamic and neurologic monitoring led to successful anesthetic management.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Anesthesia , Brain , Hematoma, Subdural , Hemodynamics , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Mesencephalon , Multiple Myeloma , Ophthalmoplegia , Propofol , Spine , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, Traumatic , Thalamus
13.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 53-60, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69093

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Despite several reports on clinical aspects of anemia and malignancy, little is known of male patients with iron-deficiency anemia (IDA) and malignancy in Korea. We examined the cause of anemia, prevalence of and factors associated with malignancy, and treatment response to iron therapy in male IDA patients. METHODS: The results of 202 males with IDA seen from March 2008 to June 2013 were analyzed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups based on the causes of anemia: the cancer group included patients with anemia caused by malignancy and the non-cancer group included patients with anemia due to other causes. We compared the clinical characteristics and response to iron therapy between the two groups. RESULTS: The most common cause of IDA was bleeding (42.6%). The prevalence of malignancy was 11.9%, with colorectal cancer (58.3%) being the most common. Among the cancer patients (n = 24), 22 patients (91.7%) were age 50 or older. Independent factors associated with malignancy were old age (OR, 1.05; p = 0.026) and a positive stool occult blood test (OR, 7.48; p = 0.001). The treatment response to iron therapy based on a normalized hemoglobin level was lower in the cancer group (OR, 0.49; p = 0.31), but the difference did not reach statistical significance. The treatment response based on the mean hemoglobin level was significantly lower in the cancer group (12.6 +/- 2.2 vs. 13.8 +/- 1.6 g/dL, p = 0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Old age and a positive stool occult blood test were independent risk factors for malignancy in male IDA patients. We recommend screening for malignancy in patients older than 50 years or with a positive stool occult blood test.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anemia , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Colorectal Neoplasms , Hemorrhage , Iron , Korea , Mass Screening , Occult Blood , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Blood Research ; : 15-21, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61200

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical features and treatment outcomes of patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics and prognosis of 131 patients diagnosed with MCL between January 2004 and December 2009 at 15 medical centers in Korea; all patients received at least 1 chemotherapeutic regimen for MCL. RESULTS: The median age for the patients was 63 years (range, 26-78 years), and 77.9% were men. A total of 105 patients (80.1%) had stage III or IV MCL at diagnosis. Fifty-two patients (39.7%) were categorized with high- or high-intermediate risk MCL according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI). Eighteen patients (13.7%) were in the high-risk group according to the simplified MCL-IPI (MIPI). The overall incidence of extranodal involvement was 69.5%. The overall incidence of bone marrow and gastrointestinal involvements at diagnosis was 41.2% and 35.1%, respectively. Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisolone, and rituximab were used frequently as the first-line treatment (41.2%). With a median follow-up duration of 20.0 months (range, 0.2-77.0 months), the overall survival (OS) at 2 years was 64.7%, while the event-free survival (EFS) was 39.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that the simplified MIPI was significantly associated with OS. However, the use of a rituximab-containing regimen was not associated with OS and EFS. CONCLUSION: Similar to results from Western countries, the current study found that simplified MIPI was an important prognostic factor in Korean patients with MCL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bone Marrow , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Korea , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prednisolone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine , Rituximab
15.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 27-30, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788279

ABSTRACT

Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is an extremely rare and fatal neoplasm of the heart. Traditionally, it is defined as lymphoma involving the heart or pericardium. PCL has a poor prognosis because of the diagnostic difficulty and its location. We present the case of a 48-year-old man who presented with pericardial effusion and diffuse cardiac wall thickening. We first suspected infiltrative heart disease. However, even after performing a biopsy, we could not establish an accurate diagnosis. After 20 months, primary cardiac diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was diagnosed by cervical lymph node biopsy. In this case, after chemotherapy, the DLBCL lesions, including cardiac wall thickening, improved. The treatment outcome suggests that the diagnosis was diffuse infiltrative PCL with delayed extracardiac involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Heart , Heart Diseases , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 27-30, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111162

ABSTRACT

Primary cardiac lymphoma (PCL) is an extremely rare and fatal neoplasm of the heart. Traditionally, it is defined as lymphoma involving the heart or pericardium. PCL has a poor prognosis because of the diagnostic difficulty and its location. We present the case of a 48-year-old man who presented with pericardial effusion and diffuse cardiac wall thickening. We first suspected infiltrative heart disease. However, even after performing a biopsy, we could not establish an accurate diagnosis. After 20 months, primary cardiac diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was diagnosed by cervical lymph node biopsy. In this case, after chemotherapy, the DLBCL lesions, including cardiac wall thickening, improved. The treatment outcome suggests that the diagnosis was diffuse infiltrative PCL with delayed extracardiac involvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Heart , Heart Diseases , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
18.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 150-153, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720180

ABSTRACT

Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is a very rare and aggressive neoplasm that arises from antigen presenting cells. IDCS usually involves lymph nodes; however, extra-nodal involvement has also been reported. Because a consistent standard therapy for IDCS has not been established to date, we report a case of the successful treatment of disseminated IDCS using ABVD chemotherapy (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine). A 64-year-old man was diagnosed with IDCS on the basis of immunohistochemical findings of a biopsy specimen of the inferior nasal concha. Immunohistochemical staining showed a positive reaction for CD68, leukocyte common antigen, and S-100 protein, but a negative reaction for CD34, CD1a, and CD21. Imaging studies showed cervical and axillary lymphadenopathies, subcutaneous nodules, and a soft tissue lesion in the nasal cavity. Treatment with the ABVD regimen resulted in complete remission after 8 cycles of chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Antigen-Presenting Cells , Leukocyte Common Antigens , Biopsy , Bleomycin , Dacarbazine , Dendritic Cell Sarcoma, Interdigitating , Dendritic Cells , Nasal Cavity , S100 Proteins , Turbinates , Vinblastine
19.
Korean Journal of Hematology ; : 24-30, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)/anthracycline chemotherapy is beneficial in newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL); however, it is important to identify patients with high-risk disease to increase the cure rate. We investigated the outcome of ATRA/anthracycline chemotherapy and clinicobiological correlations of FLT3/ITD and NPM1 mutations in APL patients. METHODS: Induction therapy included oral ATRA (45 mg/m2/day) and idarubicin (12 mg/m2/day, intravenous, on days 2, 4, and 6). Patients achieving complete remission (CR) received 3 courses of ATRA combined with reinforced consolidation therapy. Mutations were analyzed using GeneScan and polymerasae chain reaction assays of bone marrow samples obtained from patients at diagnosis. RESULTS: Forty-five (84.9%) of 53 eligible patients achieved CR. The overall relapse rate was 8.9%, and the 3-year overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) were 84.9+/-4.9% and 77.5+/-6.0%, respectively. The NPM1 mutation was not found in any patient, while the FLT3/ITD mutation was found in 10 (20.0%) patients. Of the FLT3/ITD+ patients, 80% belonged to the high-risk group, defined according to the presenting WBC and platelet counts. Among the patients who achieved CR, those who were FLT3/ITD+ had a higher relapse rate than those FLT3/ITD-. FLT3/ITD+ patients also had a significantly lower 3-year LFS than FLT3/ITD- patients. Multivariate analysis of the LFS showed that the FLT3/ITD mutation was independently associated with a shorter overall LFS, after adjusting for pretreatment risk stratification. CONCLUSION: This study investigated the clinical outcome of newly diagnosed APL patients treated with ATRA/anthracycline chemotherapy. Patients carrying the FLT3/ITD mutation had more aggressive clinical features and a poorer clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Drug Therapy, Combination , Idarubicin , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Lifting , Multivariate Analysis , Platelet Count , Prognosis , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Tretinoin
20.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 232-236, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111851

ABSTRACT

Atypical chronic myeloid leukemia (aCML) is a rare leukemic disorder that shows myelodysplastic and myeloproliferative features simultaneously. The Janus kinase 2 gene V617F mutation (JAK2V617F) in aCML has been the source of much controversy. Some JAK2V617F positive cases have been reported but others observed no JAK2V617F mutation in aCML as defined by WHO classification. Recently, we experienced a case of aCML with JAK2V617F mutation with typical myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative features in peripheral blood and bone marrow aspirates. The karyotype was normal and no BCR/ABL1, PDGFRA or PDGFRB gene rearrangement was noted with FISH analysis. JAK2V617F mutation of the case was identified with amplification refractory mutation system PCR and direct sequencing. We also studied JAK2V617F mutation status in 3 additional cases of previously diagnosed aCML in our institution, but no mutation was identified.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Gene Rearrangement , Janus Kinase 2 , Karyotype , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic, Atypical, BCR-ABL Negative , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Myeloproliferative Disorders , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptor, Platelet-Derived Growth Factor beta
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