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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716634

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and brushing cytology are used worldwide to diagnose pancreatic and biliary malignant tumors. Liquid-based cytology (LBC) has been developed and it is currently used to overcome the limitations of conventional smears (CS). In this study, the authors aimed to compare the diagnostic value of the CellPrepPlus (CP; Biodyne) LBC method with CS in samples obtained using EUS-FNA and brushing cytology. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 75 patients with pancreatic or biliary lesions from June 2012 to October 2013. For cytological analyses, including inadequate specimens, benign and atypical were further classified into benign, and suspicious and malignant were subcategorized as malignant. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive values (NPV) were evaluated. RESULTS: In the EUS-FNA based cytological analysis of pancreatic specimens, CP had a sensitivity of 60.7%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 77.1%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 64.5%. CS had a sensitivity of 85.7%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 91.7%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 83.3%. In the brushing cytology based analysis of biliary specimens, CP had sensitivity of 53.1%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 54.5%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 6.3%. CS had a sensitivity of 78.1%; specificity, 100%; accuracy, 78.8%; PPV, 100%; and NPV, 12.5%. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found that CP had a lower sensitivity because of low cellularity compared with CS. Therefore, CP (LBC) has a lower diagnostic accuracy for pancreatic EUS-FNA based and biliary brush cytology based analyses compared with CS.


Subject(s)
Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Humans , Methods , Prospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study analyzed the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for pancreatic solid masses in patients with or without chronic pancreatitis as well as the clinical parameters relevant to a malignancy when EUS-FNA was negative or inconclusive. METHODS: A total of 97 patients, who underwent EUS-FNA for solid pancreatic masses over 2 years at a single institution, were evaluated. All patients underwent EUS-FNA for 3-5 passes with 22 or 25 G needles without an on-site cytopathologist. The final diagnosis was obtained by surgery or compatible clinical outcomes for a more than 12 month follow-up. The diagnostic yields in the patients with or without chronic pancreatitis were compared and the histories and laboratory data relevant to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) or pseudo-tumor were analyzed. RESULTS: The final diagnoses were adenocarcinoma in 88 patients (90.7%) and inflammatory pseudo-tumor in 9 (9.3%). The results of EUS-FNA were adenocarcinoma (74), suspicious (7), atypical (5), negative (10), and inadequate specimen (1). The diagnostic accuracies were 76.9% and 91.6% in patients with or without chronic pancreatitis, respectively. Among the 23 cases with non-diagnostic results of EUS-FNA, PDAC was finally diagnosed in 5 out of 7 suspicious, 3 out of 5 atypical, and 5 out of 10 negative cytology cases. The clinical parameters related to a pseudo-tumor were a history of alcohol consumption and pancreatitis, and normal alkaline phosphatase levels. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic accuracy of pancreatic masses in the background of chronic pancreatitis was low. When EUS-FNA produced inconclusive results, the histories of alcohol consumption, pancreatitis, and serum levels of alkaline phosphatase are useful for making a final diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Alcohol Drinking , Alkaline Phosphatase , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Endosonography , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Needles , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Chronic
3.
Intestinal Research ; : 208-214, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-117644

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (FDG-PET/CT) has been used for preoperative staging of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the diagnostic accuracy of FDG-PET/CT for detection of lymph node or distant metastasis and its prognostic role have not been well established. We therefore evaluated the diagnostic and prognostic value of FDG-PET/CT in comparison with conventional CT for CRC. METHODS: We investigated 220 patients who underwent preoperative FDG-PET/CT and CT, followed by curative surgery for CRC. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of FDG-PET/CT and CT for detection of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis were evaluated. In addition, we assessed the findings of FDG-PET/CT and CT according to outcomes, including cancer recurrence and cancer-related death, for evaluation of prognostic value. RESULTS: For detection of lymph node metastasis, FDG-PET/CT had a sensitivity of 44%, a specificity of 84%, and an accuracy of 67%, compared with 59%, 65%, and 62%, respectively, for CT (P=0.029, P=0.000, and P=0.022). For distant metastasis, FDG-PET/CT had a sensitivity of 79%, a specificity of 94%, and an accuracy of 93%, compared with 79%, 87%, and 86%, respectively, for CT (P=1.000, P=0.004, and P=0.037). In addition, positive findings of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis on FDG-PET/CT were associated significantly with cancer recurrence or cancer-related death (P=0.009, P=0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative FDG-PET/CT had a higher specificity and accuracy compared to CT for detection of lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis of CRC. In addition, FDG-PET/CT could be a valuable prognostic tool for CRC.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Electrons , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prognosis , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-199020

ABSTRACT

Peptic ulcer bleeding is treated using endoscopic hemostasis using clips or bands. Pancreas divisum (PD), a congenital anomaly of the pancreas, usually has no clinical symptoms; however, pancreatitis may occur if there are disturbances in the drainage of pancreatic secretions. We report an unusual case of PD accompanied by acute pancreatitis, following endoscopic band ligation for duodenal ulcer bleeding. A 48-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital due to melena. An upper endoscopy revealed a small ulcer with oozing adjacent minor papilla. An endoscopic band ligation was performed on this lesion. Acute pancreatitis developed suddenly 6 hours after the band ligation and improved dramatically after removal of the band. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography was performed, revealing complete PD. Endoscopic band ligation is known as the effective method for peptic ulcer bleeding; however, it should be used carefully in duodenal ulcer bleeding near the minor duodenal papilla due to the possibility of PD.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Drainage , Duodenal Ulcer , Endoscopy , Female , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Humans , Ligation , Melena , Methods , Middle Aged , Pancreas , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatitis , Peptic Ulcer , Ulcer
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134095

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Gastric emptying may influence the quality of life of patients who undergo distal gastrectomy. Little is known, however, about gastric emptying after distal gastrectomy. The aim of our study was to investigate gastric emptying patterns after distal gastrectomy. METHODS: This gastric-emptying study investigated patients who underwent distal gastrectomy in the 6 months or more before May 2008 to July 2013 at Chungbuk National University Hospital with a study sample of 205 patients. We analyzed patterns of gastric emptying. RESULTS: Delayed gastric emptying was found in 109 of the 205 patients (53.2%). Food stasis was more frequent in a group with delayed gastric emptying. In multivariate analysis, risk factors for gastroparesis were laparoscopic operation (hazard ratio [HR], 2.731; P = 0.008) and duration of less than 24 months after distal gastrectomy (HR, 2.795; P = 0.001). Delayed gastric emptying tended to decrease with duration of the postoperative period. CONCLUSION: Delayed gastric emptying is common in distal gastrectomy, and is related to laparoscopic operation and duration of the postoperative period. Food stasis was more frequent in a group with delayed gastric emptying.


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Gastric Emptying , Gastroparesis , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134094

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Gastric emptying may influence the quality of life of patients who undergo distal gastrectomy. Little is known, however, about gastric emptying after distal gastrectomy. The aim of our study was to investigate gastric emptying patterns after distal gastrectomy. METHODS: This gastric-emptying study investigated patients who underwent distal gastrectomy in the 6 months or more before May 2008 to July 2013 at Chungbuk National University Hospital with a study sample of 205 patients. We analyzed patterns of gastric emptying. RESULTS: Delayed gastric emptying was found in 109 of the 205 patients (53.2%). Food stasis was more frequent in a group with delayed gastric emptying. In multivariate analysis, risk factors for gastroparesis were laparoscopic operation (hazard ratio [HR], 2.731; P = 0.008) and duration of less than 24 months after distal gastrectomy (HR, 2.795; P = 0.001). Delayed gastric emptying tended to decrease with duration of the postoperative period. CONCLUSION: Delayed gastric emptying is common in distal gastrectomy, and is related to laparoscopic operation and duration of the postoperative period. Food stasis was more frequent in a group with delayed gastric emptying.


Subject(s)
Gastrectomy , Gastric Emptying , Gastroparesis , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
7.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 182-190, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-216432

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to establish a large-scale database of patients with gastric cancer to facilitate the development of a national-cancer management system and a comprehensive cancer control policy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An observational prospective cohort study on gastric cancer was initiated in 2010. A total of 14 cancer centers throughout the country and 152 researchers were involved in this study. Patient enrollment began in January 2011, and data regarding clinicopathological characteristics, life style-related factors, quality of life, as well as diet diaries were collected. RESULTS: In total, 4,963 patients were enrolled until December 2014, and approximately 5% of all Korean patients with gastric cancer annually were included. The mean age was 58.2±11.5 years, and 68.2% were men. The number of patients in each stage was as follows: 3,394 patients (68.4%) were in stage IA/B; 514 patients (10.4%), in stage IIA/B; 469 patients (9.5%), in stage IIIA/B/C; and 127 patients (2.6%), in stage IV. Surgical treatment was performed in 3,958 patients (79.8%), endoscopic resection was performed in 700 patients (14.1%), and 167 patients (3.4%) received palliative chemotherapy. The response rate for the questionnaire on the quality of life was 95%; however, diet diaries were only collected for 27% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: To provide comprehensive information on gastric cancer for patients, physicians, and government officials, a large-scale database of Korean patients with gastric cancer was established. Based on the findings of this cohort study, an effective cancer management system and national cancer control policy could be developed.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Diet , Drug Therapy , Humans , Korea , Male , Occupational Groups , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-47256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: EUS can detect bile duct stones (BDS) that are undetectable on multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). BDS associated with acute biliary pancreatitis (ABP) are small and tend to be excreted spontaneously. This study evaluated the usefulness of early EUS in patients with ABP and undetectable BDS on MDCT. METHODS: Forty-one patients with ABP and undetectable BDS on MDCT underwent EUS within 24 hours of admission and were diagnosed with BDS, sludge, dilated common bile duct (CBD), or normal CBD. ERCP was performed in patients with BDS, sludge, or clinical deterioration. The diagnostic yield and the effects of early EUS on morbidity, mortality, and the length of hospitalization were evaluated. RESULTS: EUS detected BDS or sludge in 48.8% of patients examined. BDS was the diagnosis in 13 patients, sludge in seven, and neither for 21 patients. ERCP was performed in 20 patients with BDS or sludge, in two patients with coexisting cholangitis, and in one patient with worsening liver function tests. ERCP identified BDS in 12 patients and sludge in seven. No lesions were diagnosed in four patients by ERCP. All patients improved, and the length of hospitalization in patients with ERCP was 9.0 days, without ERCP 7.1 days. Two patients with major complications by ERCP were hospitalized for a prolonged time. CONCLUSIONS: Early EUS may be useful to select patients for therapeutic ERCP in cases of suspected ABP with undetectable BDS on MDCT.


Subject(s)
Bile Ducts , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Choledocholithiasis , Common Bile Duct , Diagnosis , Endosonography , Gallstones , Hospitalization , Humans , Liver Function Tests , Mortality , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Pancreatitis , Sewage
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164817

ABSTRACT

Biliary hamartoma and congenital hepatic fibrosis belong to fibrocystic disorders originating from ductal plate malformation. A 66-year-old man who had incidentally been diagnosed with biliary hamartoma two years ago presented to us with recurrent acute cholangitis. In the first episode, he had presented with septic shock and was treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and cholecystectomy under the diagnosis of acute cholecystitis and cholangitis. However, during a two-month follow-up period, the patient experienced four episodes of acute cholangitis. Because he showed normal ERCP, and biliary hamartoma is usually asymptomatic, a liver biopsy was performed. Pathology revealed combined features of biliary hamartoma and congenital hepatic fibrosis, characterized as periportal fibrosis and intrahepatic ductular dysplasia. During follow-up for the last six months, he had experienced two episodes of acute cholangitis and was treated with antibiotics. A follow-up abdominal CT scan revealed aggravated hepatosplenomegaly compared to that of two years ago. We report a case of combined congenital hepatic fibrosis and biliary hamartoma and a literature review.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biopsy , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis, Acute , Diagnosis , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hamartoma , Humans , Liver , Pathology , Shock, Septic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62583

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Urocortin 1, a corticotropin-releasing factor related peptide, increases colonic motility under stressful conditions. We investigated the effect of urocortin 1 on colonic motility using an experimental model with isolated rat colon in which the blood flow and intestinal nerves were preserved. Furthermore, we assessed whether this effect was mediated by adrenergic or cholinergic nerves. METHODS: Colonic motility was measured in the proximal and distal parts of resected rat colon. The colon resected from the peritoneum was stabilized, and then urocortin 1 (13.8, 138, 277, and 1,388 pM) was administered via a blood vessel. Motility index was measured in the last 5 min of the 15 min administration of urocortin 1 and expressed as percentage change from baseline. Subsequently, the change in motility was measured by perfusing urocortin 1 in colons pretreated with phentolamine, propranolol, hexamethonium, atropine, or tetrodotoxin. RESULTS: At concentrations of 13.8, 138, 277, and 1,388 pM, urocortin 1 increased the motility of proximal colon (20.4+/-7.2%, 48.4+/-20.9%, 67.0+/-25.8%, and 64.2+/-20.9%, respectively) and the motility of distal colon (3.3+/-3.3%, 7.8+/-7.8%, 71.1+/-28.6%, and 87.4+/-32.5%, respectively). The motility induced by urocortin 1 was significantly decreased by atropine to 2.4+/-2.4% in proximal colon and 3.4+/-3.4% in distal colon (p<0.05). However, tetrodotoxin, propranolol, phentolamine, and hexamethonium did not inhibit motility. CONCLUSIONS: Urocortin 1 increased colonic motility and it is considered that this effect was directly mediated by local muscarinic cholinergic receptors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colon/drug effects , Injections, Intravenous , Male , Muscle Contraction/drug effects , Neurotransmitter Agents/pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, Cholinergic/chemistry , Urocortins/isolation & purification
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77772

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with multiple comorbidities, including depression, which carries a higher risk of exacerbation and hospitalization in patients with stable COPD. A newly developed questionnaire, the COPD Assessment Test (CAT), was developed as an alternative to other complex, time-consuming tools for quantifying the symptom burden of COPD in routine practice. It is possible that the correlation between the CAT and depression scales could be useful for early evaluation and management of depression in COPD patients. Thus, we investigated the relationship between the CAT and depression as measured by the Patient Health Questionnaires-9 (PHQ- 9). We performed a retrospective observational COPD cohort study. A total of 97 patients were enrolled. The Korean versions of the CAT and PHQ-9 were completed for stable patients. A correlation analysis was performed between the PHQ-9 and CAT scores. Significant depression among the groups based on the 2011 GOLD guidelines occurred only in class Gold B and D patients (40% and 60%, respectively). The frequency of depression was significantly higher in the group with higher CAT scores (20~29 versus > or =30; odds ratio: 5.67 versus 22.66). Significant association was observed between the PHQ-9 and CAT scores (r=0.545 and P<0.001). As a result, the PHQ-9 score was significantly higher in COPD patients with a higher CAT score. The CAT is a simple and valuable predictor of depression in COPD patients, and it should be frequently used to detect COPD patients with depression in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Depression , Hospitalization , Humans , Odds Ratio , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Retrospective Studies , Weights and Measures
12.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 421-427, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17781

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic exploration of the common bile duct (CBD) is difficult and dangerous in patients with Billroth II gastrectomy (B-II). Endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) via a cap-fitted forward-viewing endoscope has been reported to be an effective and safe procedure. We analyzed the technical success and complications of EPBD in patients who underwent B-II. METHODS: Thirty-six consecutive patients with B-II were enrolled from among 2,378 patients who had undergone endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in a single institute in the last 4 years. The EPBD procedure was carried out using a cap-fitted forward-viewing endoscope with 8-mm balloon catheters for 60 seconds. We analyzed the rates of CBD exploration, technical success, and complications. RESULTS: Afferent loop intubation was performed in all patients and selective cannulation of the bile duct was performed in 32 patients (88.9%). Complications such as transient hypoxia were observed in two patients (5.6%) and perforation, in three patients (9.7%). The perforation sites were ductal injury in two patients and one patient showed retroperitoneal air alone without symptoms. Three patients manifested different clinical courses of severe acute pancreatitis and peritonitis, transient abdominal pain, and retroperitoneal air alone. The condition of one patient improved with surgery and that of the other two patients, with conservative management. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with perforation during EPBD in B-II showed different clinical courses. Tailored treatment strategies are necessary for improving the clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Hypoxia , Bile Ducts , Catheterization , Catheters , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Common Bile Duct , Endoscopes , Gastrectomy , Gastroenterostomy , Humans , Intubation , Pancreatitis , Peritonitis
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163737

ABSTRACT

Minimally invasive surgery is being widely accepted in various fields of surgery. Although several appendectomy techniques have been reported but, there is no standardization. We report here the experiences of transumbilical endoscopic appendectomy in humans. Between July 2008 and September 2010, ten patients with appendicitis successfully underwent transumbilical endoscopic appendectomies. There were 7 cases of suppurative, 2 cases of gangrenous and 1 case of perforated in operative findings. The ages of the patients were 13-56 years (mean age, 32.7 +/- 15.4 years). Under general anesthesia, a 15-mm port was inserted through the umbilicus and then a two-channel endoscope was inserted in the peritoneal cavity. After appendix identification, counter-traction of the appendix with a direct abdominal wall puncture using a straight round needle prolene was performed to achieve good visualization of the operative field. Tissue dissection was performed using an endoscopic needle knife. Tissue grasping and resected appendix retrieval were done with endoscopic forceps. The average operation time was 79.5 +/- 23.6 minutes (range, 45 to 110 minutes). No procedures were converted to laparoscopic or open appendectomy. Hospital stay was 4-6 days. All patients completely recovered without complications. As it is highly maneuverable, we believe transumbilical endoscopic appendectomy can be a feasible method. And, as surgeons want to proceed from laparoscopic surgery to natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery, this procedure could be a triable method.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Anesthesia, General , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Appendix , Endoscopes , Endoscopy , Hand Strength , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery , Needles , Peritoneal Cavity , Polypropylenes , Punctures , Surgical Instruments , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Umbilicus
14.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 315-319, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108893

ABSTRACT

Endoscopy for acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding plays an important role in primary diagnosis and management, particularly with respect to identification of high-risk stigmata lesions and to providing endoscopic hemostasis to reduce the risk of rebleeding and mortality. Early endoscopy, defined as endoscopy within the first 24 hours after presentation, improves patient outcome and reduces the length of hospitalization when compared with delayed endoscopy. Various endoscopic hemostatic methods are available, including injection therapy, mechanical therapy, and thermal coagulation. Either single treatment with mechanical or thermal therapy or a treatment that combines more than one type of therapy are effective and safe for peptic ulcer bleeding. Newly developed methods, such as Hemospray powder and over-the-scope clips, may provide additional options. Appropriate decisions and specific treatment are needed depending upon the conditions.


Subject(s)
Christianity , Diagnosis , Endoscopy , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Hospitalization , Humans , Mortality , Peptic Ulcer
15.
Gut and Liver ; : 747-751, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209549

ABSTRACT

Familial juvenile polyposis (FJP) is a rare autosomal dominant hereditary disorder that is characterized by the development of multiple distinct juvenile polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and an increased risk of cancer. Recently, germline mutations, including mutations in the SMAD4, BMPR1A, PTEN and, possibly, ENG genes, have been found in patients with juvenile polyps. We herein report a family with juvenile polyposis syndrome (JPS) with a novel germline mutation in the SMAD4 gene. A 21-year-old man presented with rectal bleeding and was found to have multiple polyps in his stomach, small bowel, and colon. His mother had a history of gastrectomy for multiple gastric polyps with anemia and a history of colectomy for colon cancer. A review of the histology of the polyps revealed juvenile polyps in both patients. Subsequently, mutation screening in DNA samples from the patients revealed a germline mutation in the SMAD4 gene. The pair had a novel mutation in exon 10 (stop codon at tyrosine 413). To our knowledge, this mutation has not been previously described. Careful family history collection and genetic screening in JPS patients are needed to identify FJP, and regular surveillance is recommended.


Subject(s)
Exons , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation , Humans , Intestinal Polyposis/congenital , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary/genetics , Smad4 Protein/genetics , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168393

ABSTRACT

The interactions between the tumor microenvironment and tumor cells determine the behavior of the primary tumors. Whether cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAF) have a tumor progressive or a protective role likely depends on the type of tumor cells and the CAF subpopulation. In the present study, we analyzed the prognostic significance of CAF subpopulations in colorectal cancer (CRC). CAF phenotypes were analyzed in 302 CRC patients by using antibodies against podoplanin (PDPN), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and S100A4. The relationship between the CAF phenotypes and 11 clinicopathological parameters were evaluated and their prognostic significance was analyzed from the disease-free and overall survival times. We observed that at the tumor invasive front, PDPN CAFs were present in 40% of the cases, and S100A4 or alpha-SMA CAFs were detected in all the cases. PDPN/S100A4 and alpha-SMA/S100A4 dual-stained CAFs were observed in 10% and 40% of the cases, respectively. The PDPN+ CAFs were associated with 6 favorable clinicopathological parameters and prolonged disease-free survival time. The PDPN-/alpha-SMA(high) CAFs were associated with 6 aggressive clinicopathological parameters and tended to exhibit shorter disease-free survival time. On the other hand, the PDPN-/S100A4(high) CAFs were associated with 2 tumor progression parameters, but not with disease prognosis. The PDPN+ CAF phenotype is distinct from the alpha-SMA or S100A4 CAFs in that it is associated with less aggressive tumors and a favorable prognosis, whereas the PDPN-/alpha-SMA(high) or PDPN-/S100A4(high) CAFs are associated with tumor progression in CRC. These findings suggest that CAFs can be a useful prognostic biomarker or potential targets of anti-cancer therapy in CRC.


Subject(s)
Actins/immunology , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies/immunology , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Fibroblasts/cytology , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins/immunology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Phenotype , Prognosis , S100 Proteins/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169074

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ampullary adenomyoma is a benign lesion whose malignant potential has yet to be confirmed. Despite its benign nature, adenomyoma is frequently misdiagnosed as a carcinoma or adenoma and is overtreated by extensive surgery. This study was performed to analyze the clinical, pathological, and immunohistochemical features of adenomyomas in the ampulla of Vater. METHODS: Nine cases of adenomyoma in the ampulla of Vater, diagnosed in Chungbuk National University Hospital between 2008 and 2011, were enrolled in this study. We reviewed the clinical data on the symptoms, laboratory data, and radiologic findings of the abdominal computed tomography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. For pathological analysis, all the slides were reviewed by one pathologist, and immunohistochemical stainings with antibodies against cytokeratin 7 (CK7), cytokeratin 20 (CK20), alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA), and Ki-67 antigen were performed. RESULTS: All the cases were CK7 positive and CK20 negative. A strong cytoplasmic expression of alpha-SMA was confirmed in all cases. The Ki-67 index was less than 1% in eight cases and 5% in one case. Four cases underwent endoscopic papillectomy, and one case received surgical ampullectomy during colorectal cancer surgery. Five cases that underwent endoscopic or surgical treatment remained symptom-free for three years. Four cases that were closely observed with repeated endoscopic examinations exhibited no interval changes in the papillary lesions. CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic biopsy and immunohistochemistry can aid in the diagnosis of ampullary adenomyomas. Endoscopic papillectomy or surgical ampullectomy is adequate for the treatment of symptomatic ampullary adenomyomas.


Subject(s)
Actins/metabolism , Adenomyoma/pathology , Aged , Ampulla of Vater/pathology , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Common Bile Duct Neoplasms/pathology , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Keratin-20/metabolism , Keratin-7/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
18.
Intestinal Research ; : 100-106, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147343

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Ischemic colitis has a clinical spectrum ranging from mild reversible colitis to an acute fulminant course. Early and accurate diagnosis is therefore mandatory for a good clinical outcome. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a colonoscopy and histological examination with biopsy in the early and accurate diagnosis of ischemic colitis. METHODS: We investigated the clinical characteristics and endoscopic findings with the histopathology of 89 cases of ischemic colitis from October 2002 to August 2012 in a tertiary-care hospital. All patients underwent a colonoscopy with biopsy within a few days of the onset of symptoms, and the histological features from the biopsy specimens were reviewed. In addition, the occurrence of complications by colonoscopy with biopsy was evaluated. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 65.8+/-12.6 years (male:female, 1:2.2). The major combined disorders were hypertension (51.7%), diabetes (31.5%), and arrhythmia (19.1%). The clinical features usually presented with hematochezia (83.1%), abdominal pain (77.5%), and diarrhea (60.7%). The involved patterns were the left colon (56.2%), right colon (39.3%), and pancolon (4.5%). Based on the main histological features of ischemic colitis, including glandular atrophy (67.4%), hemorrhage (61.8%), capillary thrombi (42.7%), and coagulative necrosis of mucosa (29.2%), 67 of the 89 cases (75.3%) could be confirmed with ischemic colitis. There were no serious complications such as bowel perforation or major bleeding following the colonoscopy with biopsy. CONCLUSIONS: A colonoscopy with biopsy is beneficial and safe for the early and precise diagnosis of ischemic colitis.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Atrophy , Biopsy , Capillaries , Colitis , Colitis, Ischemic , Colon , Colonoscopy , Diarrhea , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hypertension , Mucous Membrane , Necrosis
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39208

ABSTRACT

Primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) is a rare disease with a high mortality rate due to massive hemorrhaging and diagnostic difficulties. Although hemorrhagic regions can be identified by endoscopy, it is difficult to diagnose PAEF by this method. If PAEF is suspected, endoscopic procedure should be terminated and abdominal CT should be performed. Overlooking the herald bleeding of PAEF can lead to massive bleeding and death. An 85-year-old previously healthy male presented with a complaint of melena. Gastrointestinal endoscopy identified a hemorrhagic site in the third portion of the duodenum and endoscopic hemostasis was performed. However, during the procedure, it became apparent that the hemorrhage was probably not the result of a simple duodenal ulceration and abdominal CT was performed immediately. An aortic aneurysm connected to the duodenum was identified, confirming the diagnosis of PAEF. However, the patient died of massive hemorrhaging before an operation could be performed.


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive/therapeutic use , Fistula/diagnosis , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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