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1.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898981

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

2.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 164-174, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891277

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#In this trial, we investigated the efficacy and safety of adjuvant letrozole for hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. Here, we report the clinical outcome in postmenopausal women with HR-positive breast cancer treated with adjuvant letrozole according to estrogen receptor (ER) expression levels. @*Methods@#In this multi-institutional, open-label, observational study, postmenopausal patients with HR-positive breast cancer received adjuvant letrozole (2.5 mg/daily) for 5 years unless they experienced disease progression or unacceptable toxicity or withdrew their consent. The patients were stratified into the following 3 groups according to ER expression levels using a modified Allred score (AS): low, intermediate, and high (AS 3–4, 5–6, and 7–8, respectively). ER expression was centrally reviewed. The primary objective was the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate. @*Results@#Between April 25, 2010, and February 5, 2014, 440 patients were enrolled. With a median follow-up of 62.0 months, the 5-year DFS rate in all patients was 94.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 91.8–96.6). The 5-year DFS and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rates did not differ according to ER expression; the 5-year DFS rates were 94.3% and 94.1%in the low-to-intermediate and high expression groups, respectively (p = 0.6), and the corresponding 5-year RFS rates were 95.7% and 95.4%, respectively (p = 0.7). Furthermore, 25 patients discontinued letrozole because of drug toxicity. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with adjuvant letrozole showed very favorable treatment outcomes and good tolerability among Korean postmenopausal women with ER-positive breast cancer, independent of ER expression.

3.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 113-116, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937764

ABSTRACT

Sparganosis is a rare parasitic infection that can infect the abdominal wall, extremities, urogenital system, and/or central nervous system. Because the incidence of sparganosis is less than 2% of all reported cases of sparganosis, early diagnosis of sparganosis is difficult. Breast sparganosis has characteristic radiologic findings. Complete surgical removal is the treatment of choice and has the benefit of producing a definite diagnosis. Herein, we would report a case of recurrent breast sparganosis that occurred two years after surgical excision of worms from the ipsilateral breast.

4.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 306-314, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716745

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is a standard axillary surgery in early breast cancer. If the SLNB result is positive, subsequent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) is a routine procedure. In 2011, the American College of Surgeons Oncology Group Z0011 trial revealed that ALND may not be necessary in early breast cancer with one or two positive sentinel lymph nodes. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes among Korean patients with one or two positive axillary lymph nodes in the final pathology who did and did not undergo ALND. METHODS: A total of 131,717 patients from the Korea Breast Cancer Society registry database received breast cancer surgery from January 1995 to December 2014. Inclusion criteria were T stage 1 or 2, one or two positive lymph nodes, and having received breast-conserving surgery (BCS), whole breast radiation therapy, and no neoadjuvant therapy. We analyzed the differences in disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) between patients who received SLNB only and those who underwent SLNB+ALND. RESULTS: A total 4,442 patients met the inclusion criteria, with 1,268 (28.6%) in the SLNB group and 3,174 (71.4%) in the SLNB+ALND group. There were no differences in DSS and OS between the two groups (p=0.378 and p=0.925, respectively). The number of patients who underwent SLNB alone for one or two positive lymph nodes increased continuously from 2004 to 2014. CONCLUSION: Korean patients with early breast cancer and 1 or 2 positive axillary lymph nodes who received BCS plus SLNB showed no significant difference in DSS and OS regardless of whether they received ALND. The findings of this retrospective study demonstrate that omitting ALND can be considered when treating selected patients with early breast cancer who have one or two positive lymph nodes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Korea , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Mastectomy, Segmental , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Surgeons
5.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 18-26, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186620

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) MRI lexicon could reflect the genomic information of breast cancers and to suggest intuitive imaging features as biomarkers. METHODS: Matched breast MRI data from The Cancer Imaging Archive and gene expression profile from The Cancer Genome Atlas of 70 invasive breast cancers were analyzed. Magnetic resonance images were reviewed according to the BI-RADS MRI lexicon of mass morphology. The cancers were divided into 2 groups of gene clustering by gene set enrichment an alysis. Clinicopathologic and imaging characteristics were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: The luminal subtype was predominant in the group 1 gene set and the triple-negative subtype was predominant in the group 2 gene set (55 of 56, 98.2% vs. 9 of 14, 64.3%). Internal enhancement descriptors were different between the 2 groups; heterogeneity was most frequent in group 1 (27 of 56, 48.2%) and rim enhancement was dominant in group 2 (10 of 14, 71.4%). In group 1, the gene sets related to mammary gland development were overexpressed whereas the gene sets related to mitotic cell division were overexpressed in group 2. CONCLUSION: We identified intuitive imaging features of breast MRI associated with distinct gene expression profiles using the standard imaging variables of BI-RADS. The internal enhancement pattern on MRI might reflect specific gene expression profiles of breast cancers, which can be recognized by visual distinction.

6.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 50-53, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787997

ABSTRACT

Male breast cancer is a rare disease, accounting for about 1% of all breast cancers. Little is known about the etiology of male breast cancer, especially developed in young man. Genetic and hormonal factors have been reported to be involved in its pathogenesis. But, less is known regarding the role of anthropometric or other endocrine risk factors. It's extremely rare for breast cancer to occur in young male patient because male breast cancer generally occur in old patients. A 29-year-old male was diagnosed with breast cancer in our institution who was with diabetes and obesity. There was no specific risk of genetic or hormonal factors for his breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Breast Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms, Male , Breast , Obesity , Rare Diseases , Risk Factors
7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 201-206, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-39575

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (US-FNA) in thyroid nodules is presently most commonly used to identify whether these nodules are benign or malignant. However, atypical or follicular lesions of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS), as categorized in the Bethesda System for reporting the results of FNA, cannot be classified as benign or malignant. Therefore, several clinical factors should be considered to assess the risk of malignancy in patients with AUS/FLUS. The purpose of the present study was to determine which clinical factor increased the risk of malignancy in patients with AUS/FLUS. METHODS: A retrospective study was done on 129 patients with fine needle aspiration categorized as AUS/FLUS from January 2011 through April 2015. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to assess the independent effect of risk factors such as age, sex, size of nodule, atypical descriptors, and ultrasonography criteria for malignancy. RESULTS: We identified that the presence of spiculated margin (odds ratio [OR], 5.655; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.114-15.131; P = 0.001), nuclear grooving (OR, 3.697; 95% CI, 1.409-9.701; P = 0.008), irregular nuclei (OR, 3.903; 95% CI, 1.442-10.560; P = 0.001) were shown to be significantly related to malignancy on univariate and multivariate analyses. CONCLUSION: We recommend that surgical resection of thyroid nodules be considered in patients with AUS/FLUS showing the histologic findings such as nuclear grooving, irregular nuclei along with spiculated margin of ultrasonographic finding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Subject Headings , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 295-298, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225641

ABSTRACT

Since recurrent bilateral breast infection due to nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) is rare, its diagnosis is easily overlooked; in addition, complete recovery is often difficult to achieve. We report a case of recurrent bilateral infection in a 35-year-old woman who had completed treatment for NTM. Although various infectious diseases show similar clinical conditions and imaging findings, recurrences should raise suspicion of NTM infection, and this possibility should be considered in differential diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Abscess , Breast , Communicable Diseases , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria , Recurrence
9.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 161-167, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13123

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Weight gain after diagnosis of breast cancer is a profound issue that may negatively impact cancer prognosis. However, most existing research on weight change has been conducted in Western countries. In addition, several factors related to weight gain have been reported; however, the evidence is inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to examine weight gain and its correlates among Korean breast cancer survivors. METHODS: A total of 132 female breast cancer survivors were recruited from one university hospital in South Korea. Participants completed anthropometric measurements (i.e., body weight, height) and a self-reported questionnaire, including the International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form and Mini Dietary Assessment. RESULTS: The mean weight change was -0.09 kg (SD = 4.28). Only 27 women (19.7%) gained more than 5% of their weight at diagnosis, 59.1% maintained weight, and 21.2% lost weight. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, significant correlates of weight gain were younger age, obesity at diagnosis, duration of more than 36 months since diagnosis, and low diet quality. CONCLUSION: Younger women, women who were obese at diagnosis, women with more than 36 months since diagnosis, or women who showed lower diet quality should be considered at high-risk for weight gain. Findings from our study suggest that optimal weight management strategies should be developed using ethnically- or culturally-appropriate approaches.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Body Weight , Body Weight Changes , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Diet , Korea , Logistic Models , Motor Activity , Obesity , Prognosis , Republic of Korea , Survivors , Weight Gain , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 83-89, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211826

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Surgery has been the mainstay of treatment for duodenal perforations after the introduction of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Yet there have recently been arguments that conservative management with or without endoscopic intervention may be possible and safe. METHODS: For the patients who received ERCP at Inha University Hospital from Jan. 2001 to Dec. 2007, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical manifestations, the treatment and the clinical outcomes of the cases with duodenal perforation. RESULTS: Among the 1708 ERCP cases, duodenal perforation occurred in eleven (0.6%) patients. There were two cases of duodenal perforations (type I), four cases of peri-Vaterian injury (type II), two cases of bile duct perforations (type III) and three cases of retroperitoneal perforations (type IV). Six patients (55%) were treated surgically while the others were managed conservatively. Except for one death (9.1%), ten patients fully recovered. Either residual diseases or fluid collections, as seen on CT, were present in the surgically managed patients. The median time interval between ERCP and surgery was 19 hours (range: 8~30 hours). CONCLUSIONS: To decide on the management of duodenal perforation after ERCP, the presence of residual disease or the leakage of intraluminal contents should be considered along with the type of the perforation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile Ducts , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Duodenum , Retrospective Studies
11.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 103-110, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165177

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus refers to one of several risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, renal failure and so on. Medical treatments of T2DM cannot suggest a perfect cure. But gastric bypass resulting in the exclusion of the duodenum and proximal jejunum has been shown to improve or resolve T2DM. The goal of this study is to evaluate the effect of duodenojejunal bypass for T2DM patients below BMI 25 kg/m2 in early postoperative period. METHODS: Duodenojejunal bypass was performed on 25 patients at Inha University Hospital from July 2009 to April 2010. We compared 75 g OGTT, insulin, C peptide to those 7 days postoperative. The definitions for improvement are serum glucose level below 200 mg/dl of 75 g OGTT at 120 min or below 200 mg/dl at every other time in spite of over 200 mg/dl at 120 min. RESULTS: A total of 25 patients (15 men and 10 women) were included. Median value BMI was 23.17 kg/m2 and the mean duration of T2DM was 8.3 years. There was a significant decrease of postoperative 75 g OGTT levels from 176, 268, 345, 373, 371 mg/dl to 125, 170, 200, 225 and 241 mg/dl, respectively (P<0.001). Only patients' age was an independent factor resolution of T2DM based on this study. CONCLUSION: Duodenojejunal bypass could be one viable treatment modality for improving or resolving of T2DM although these are early results. This study has preliminary meanings only and the results of longer follow-up and a larger number of patients are necessary, by which we should be able to determine the effect and indications for surgical treatment of T2DM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , C-Peptide , Cardiovascular Diseases , Diabetes Mellitus , Duodenum , Follow-Up Studies , Gastric Bypass , Glucose , Glucose Tolerance Test , Insulin , Jejunum , Postoperative Period , Renal Insufficiency , Risk Factors
12.
Korean Journal of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery ; : 225-230, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163992

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: For patients with acute cholecystitis, conversion from laparoscopic cholecystectomy to open surgery is not uncommon due to possibilities of serious hemorrhage at the liver bed and bile duct injury. Recent studies reported successful laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy and feasibility of such an operation based on the experience of surgeons at our facility. METHODS: In this study, we enrolled 144 patients who had received either laparoscopic subtotal cholecystectomy (LSC), laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), or open cholecystectomy (OC) for acute cholecystitis from January 2004 to December 2009 at the Department of Surgery of our hospital. Their symptoms, signs, operative findings, pathologic results and postoperative results were compared and analyzed. RESULTS: There were 26 patients in the LSC group 80 in the LC group and 38 in the OC group. There were no differences in mean age, sex, and symptoms of acute cholecystitis. The LSC group showed higher CRP levels (p<0.001) and a higher grade according to the Tokyo criteria (p=0.001). The mean operative time was 115.6 minutes and mean blood loss was 158.9 ml without intra-operative or postoperative transfusion. There weren't any bile duct injuries during the operation. No group suffered bile leakage. Drains were removed 3.3 days after the operation in the LC group, the shortest time compared to the other groups (p<0.001). LC and LSC groups demonstrated shorter postoperative hospital days and time to diet resumption than the OC group (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: LSC appears to be a safe and effective treatment in cases of severe acute cholecystitis that require consideration of conversion to open surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bile , Bile Ducts , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis, Acute , Conversion to Open Surgery , Diet , Hemorrhage , Liver , Operative Time , Tokyo
13.
Journal of the Korean Society for Vascular Surgery ; : 23-26, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148884

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Endovascular treatment for peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAOD) is replacing traditional arterial bypass in the western world. Yet there are few reports to evaluate the pattern of clinical practice pattern for PAOD in Korea. This study was conducted to evaluate the treatment pattern for PAOD between endovascular treatment and arterial bypass, and to compare their clinical characteristics. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study on the prospectively maintained database of patients who underwent endovascular treatment and arterial bypass for PAOD from March 2005 to December 2009 in Inha University Hospital. The aortoiliac lesions and femoropopliteal lesions were categorized by the Trans Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC) II classifications. Their treatments and clinical characteristics were compared between the former period (2005~2007 y) and the latter period (2008~2009 y). RESULTS: Three hundred nine cases (178 patients) were treated for PAOD by either arterial bypass or endovascular treatment. The patients' mean age was 69.1+/-11.3 year old. There was no difference in clinical characteristics between the two periods except for age. Endovascular treatments of both aortoiliac and femoropopliteal arterial lesions were increased in the latter period (P=0.023, P<0.001). Also, the endovascular treatments were increased in the TASC C and D aortoiliac and femoropopliteal lesions in the latter period (P=0.020, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Endovascular treatment for PAOD is increasing in clinical practice and this shows feasibility in critically ill patient with TASC C and D lesions, although arterial bypass is still important.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angioplasty , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Atherosclerosis , Consensus , Critical Illness , Korea , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Western World
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 153-155, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177905

ABSTRACT

Hidradenoma papilliferum (HP) is a benign neoplasm arising from mammary-like glands which typically involves the dermal layer of the female anogenital area. The prognosis for HP is good. Recurrence is unusual and is typically attributed to incomplete excision of the primary tumor. Malignant transformation is rare and HP of the breast has not yet been reported. Ectopic HP is usually solitary, small, and asymptomatic. It appears as a well-circumscribed, complex cystic mass in the dermis on ultrasound. We present a case of HP arising from the axillary tail of the breast.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acrospiroma , Breast , Dermis , Prognosis , Recurrence
15.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 292-296, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8162

ABSTRACT

Carcinoma showing thymus-like differentiation (CASTLE) is a very rare malignant neoplasm of the thyroid, which resembles lymphoepithelioma or squamous cell carcinoma of the thymus. It originates from ectopic thymic tissue or remnants of the branchial pouches. We recently experienced a case of CASTLE in the thyroid gland of a 65-year-old woman. The patient presented with a non-tender mass in the right thyroid gland and dyspnea and coughing upon bending. The patient was diagnosed with ‘cystic change of adenomatous goiter’ of the thyroid by fine needle aspiration cytology. Right thyroidectomy was performed because of nodular hyperplasia on frozen biopsy. Histologic examination of the resected tumor showed that the tumor was lobulated and expansive growth pattern, with fibrous septa dividing the tumor and infiltrated by lymphocytes and plasma cells. Tumor cells possessed oval, large vesicular nuclei and prominent nucleoli, and the immunohistochemical staining was positive for CD5. The patient was diagnosed with thyroid CASTLE. We performed complete thyroidectomy. There has been no local regional recurrence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cough , Dyspnea , Hyperplasia , Lymphocytes , Plasma Cells , Recurrence , Thymus Gland , Thyroid Gland , Thyroidectomy
16.
Journal of the Korean Association of Pediatric Surgeons ; : 162-169, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-159821

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to review our clinical experience with patients with Hirschsprung's disease (HD) Medical records of 39 children who underwent definitive surgery for HD at Inha University Hospital from September 1996 to June 2008 were analyzed by age at presentation, sex, gestational age, birth weight, clinical presentation, diagnostic tools, level of aganglionosis, surgical procedures, postoperative complications, and postoperative bowel function. Twenty-five patients (64.1%) were males and 14 (35.9%) were females. Thirty patients (76.9%) were diagnosed and treated in the neonatal period. The transitional zone was at the rectosigmoid region in 89.7%. Twenty-seven patients (69%) were treated by preliminary colostomy or ileostomy. Twenty-four patients had the Duhamel operation, 6 patients anorectal myectomy, and 9 patients had transanal endorectal pull-through (TEP). Five of 9 patients who had the TEP procedure did laparoscopic assistance. Postoperatively, seventeen patients (83%) passed stool once or more times per day and 3 patients had stool soiling. This study demonstrated that the majority of the patients had good results. To determine which treatment is most effective comparative review by operation method would be required.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Birth Weight , Colostomy , Gestational Age , Hirschsprung Disease , Ileostomy , Medical Records , Postoperative Care , Pyrazines , Soil
17.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 249-255, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90092

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The incidence of thyroid cancer is increasing in Korea, partially owing to the development of diagnostic tools. Positron emission tomography (PET)-computed tomography (CT), in particular, has generally been used for evaluation of metastasis and follow-up of malignancy. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 2,833 patients with PET-CT for metastasis work-up or cancer follow-up, which was performed between January 1998 and May 2008 at Inha University Hospital. Of them, abnormal thyroid findings were discovered in 181 patients and we studied the result of further evaluation or follow-up PET-CT. RESULTS: Thyroid cancer was diagnosed in 26 patients, including metastatic cancer in 3 patients, and non-operated primary cancer in 2 patients. Other 21 patients received operation, which in all histopathologically revealed papillary carcinoma. The mean age of the 21 patients was 55.4 years. Nine patients had a history of radiotherapy. The site of malignant nodule was discordant between PET-CT and histopathologic result in 6 patients. The mean size of malignant nodules was 9.45 mm (0.1~23 mm) with microcarcinoma in 10 patients (47.6%). The mean interval between diagnoses was 15.8 months, and in 4 patients operations for two malignancies were performed in a same day. The incidence of thyroid cancer was significantly high in female patients, but the differences of incidence among different cancer groups were not significant for female patients. CONCLUSION: Early diagnosis of synchronous or secondary thyroid cancer by PET-CT in cancer patients can make early treatment and better strategies for multiple malignancies possible.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Papillary , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Incidental Findings , Korea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
18.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 20-26, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37501

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictors of nonsentinel lymph node (NSLN) metastasis in breast cancer and to evaluate the usefulness of the scoring systems and nomograms. METHODS: In this analysis, we reviewed the clinicopathologic features of 70 patients who had undergone sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy and axillary lymph node dissection. The clinical features of patients, histologic parameters and hormonal receptor status of primary tumor and histopathologic features of SLN metastasis were noted retrospectively. Furthermore, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the discriminative power of the scoring systems and nomograms. RESULTS: The metastatic tumor size in SLN (P<0.001), extracapsular invasion (P=0.002), percentage of positive SLNs among the removed SLNs (P=0.011), primary tumor size (P=0.038) were associated significantly with NSLN metastasis, statistically, in univariate analysis. Based on multivariate logistic regression, the metastatic tumor size was the only prognostic factor of NSLN metastasis (P=0.012). The AUC of Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center scoring system was greater than other systems, significantly (P=0.004). CONCLUSION: We have shown in this study that it would be possible to predict NSLN status based on the metastatic tumor size in SLN. Although the significance was not achieved in multivariate analysis, the size of primary tumor, extracapsular invasion of metastasis in SLN, percentage of positive SLNs among the removed SLNs had the potential to be a predictive factor of NSLN metastasis. MSKCC scoring system appears to be more effective and accurate than other scoring systems for selecting patients for whom axillary lymph node dissection can be avoided.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Logistic Models , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nitriles , Nomograms , Pyrethrins , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
19.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 305-313, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-35370

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: As Korea is an aging society (WHO classification) and projected to be an aged society in 10 years, peripheral vascular diseases (PVD) in the elderly population has emerged as an important social and medical issue. But their prevalence was rarely reported in Korea. The purpose of this study is to define the prevalence of carotid artery stenosis (CAS), abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), and peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) of lower limb in the Incheon area. METHODS: Elderly men (> or =65 years) were referred randomly from the Incheon Federation of Korean Senior Citizens' Association (from Nov 2008 to Sep 2009) to Inha Univeristy Hospital, Incheon, Korea for a PVD screening program. The subjects were screened for CAS and AAA by duplex. CAS was defined as > or =50% internal CAS and AAA as > or =3 cm aortic diameter in minor axis. PAOD of lower limb was screened by measurement of ankle brachial index (ABI); ABI of < or =0.9 was considered abnormal. RESULTS: 1150 subjects were screened including 103 octogenarians (9.0%). Mean age was 72.3+/-0.2 years. Combined conditions were hypertension (54.3%), diabetes mellitus (25.2%), coronary artery disease (15.6%), dyslipidemia (18.9%), obesity (31.1%) and smoking history (71.7%). CAS was detected in 7.7% (89/1,150) subjects. Thirty-three (2.9%) were diagnosed with AAA. PAOD was detected in 50 subjects (4.4%). CONCLUSION: Prevalence of PVD in Korea is not lower compared to that of western countries, especially the USA and the UK. A nationwide program for timely detection and treatment for PVD should be developed.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Aging , Ankle Brachial Index , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal , Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Carotid Stenosis , Coronary Artery Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Hypertension , Korea , Lower Extremity , Mass Screening , Obesity , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Prevalence , Smoke , Smoking , Vascular Diseases
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 787-789, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53342

ABSTRACT

Paraduodenal hernias are a rare congenital malformation, but they are the most common internal hernias. They develop secondary to a failure in midgut rotation, which may lead to small bowel obstruction or other clinical manifestations. The authors recently experienced a case of a left paraduodenal hernia presenting with unusual symptoms of left flank pain and vomiting.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Hernia/complications , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology
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