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1.
Korean Journal of Head and Neck Oncology ; (2): 11-16, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938540

ABSTRACT

HHPV (Human Papillomavirus) is a DNA virus that can cause benign lesions, genitourinary cancer, and oropharyngeal cancer by penetrating the mucous membrane and skin. It is widely known to be transmitted mainly through sexual contact. As with many viral infections, vaccines have been developed to prevent infection with HPV. Currently, in many countries, HPV vaccines are mainly used for national immunization for women to prevent diseases that traditionally occur frequently in women, especially cervical cancer. However, since the vaccination rate is relatively low, many countries are struggling with ways to increase the vaccination rate. Meanwhile, the incidence of oropharyngeal cancer caused by HPV in men has been increasing recently. In the United States, the annual number of oropharyngeal cancers in men already exceeds the number of cervical cancers in women, so HPV infection in men has emerged as a major problem. Accordingly, interest in HPV vaccination in men has also increased, and studies on the effectiveness and necessity of vaccination of both women and men compared to women alone are being actively conducted. In this paper, the evidence of HPV vaccination for men will be reviewed through previous studies, and its validity and cost-effectiveness will be analyzed to bolster the clinical usefulness of HPV vaccination for men.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 660-669, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904234

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to explore the role of primary care facilities and their support measures in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to identify challenges to achieving public–private cooperation in South Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#Twenty-four leading experts were selected and recruited to participate in this iterative web-based Delphi study. An open-ended questionnaire was administered to collect the expert panel’s views in the first round. In the second round, the panel was asked to rate on a 5-point Likert scale their agreement with individual items gleaned from qualitative content analysis of views expressed in the first round. The participants were offered the opportunity to reevaluate and correct their initial responses in subsequent rounds. Responses in the second and following rounds were analyzed using quantitative descriptive statistics. @*Results@#The first and second rounds were completed by 54.2% (n=13/24) and 58.3% (n=14/24) of the selected panel, respectively, while 10 out of these 14 participants completed the third round. The panel cited in-person essential medical services, telehealth for fever/respiratory symptoms, surveillance for influenzae-like illness, and minimization of spread to staff as important and appropriate roles of primary care, which are urgent and feasible during a pandemic. Regarding conditions/support for these roles, the panel indicated that institutional support and funding for separate areas, workforce, and telehealth, along with public-private collaborative governance, are urgent, but not feasible. @*Conclusion@#This study provides guidance on strategies for continuing the required roles of primary care and highlights a need to strengthen public-private partnerships during pandemic events in Korea.

3.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 889-902, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901315

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for additional MR-detected enhancing lesions and to determine whether or not kinetic pattern results comparable to dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) of the breast can be obtained using the quantitative analysis of CEUS. @*Materials and Methods@#In this single-center prospective study, a total of 71 additional MR-detected breast lesions were included. CEUS examination was performed, and lesions were categorized according to the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS). The sensitivity,specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of CEUS were calculated by comparing the BI-RADS category to the final pathology results. The degree of agreement between CEUS and DCE-MRI kinetic patterns was evaluated using weighted kappa. @*Results@#On CEUS, 46 lesions were assigned as BI-RADS category 4B, 4C, or 5, while 25 lesions category 3 or 4A. The diagnostic performance of CEUS for enhancing lesions on DCE-MRI was excellent, with 84.9% sensitivity, 94.4% specificity, and 97.8% positive predictive value. A total of 57/71 (80%) lesions had correlating kinetic patterns and showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.66) between CEUS and DCE-MRI. Benign lesions showed excellent agreement (weighted kappa = 0.84), and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.69). @*Conclusion@#The diagnostic performance of CEUS for additional MR-detected breast lesions was excellent. Accurate kinetic pattern assessment, fairly comparable to DCE-MRI, can be obtained for benign and IDC lesions using CEUS.

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 660-669, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896530

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to explore the role of primary care facilities and their support measures in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to identify challenges to achieving public–private cooperation in South Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#Twenty-four leading experts were selected and recruited to participate in this iterative web-based Delphi study. An open-ended questionnaire was administered to collect the expert panel’s views in the first round. In the second round, the panel was asked to rate on a 5-point Likert scale their agreement with individual items gleaned from qualitative content analysis of views expressed in the first round. The participants were offered the opportunity to reevaluate and correct their initial responses in subsequent rounds. Responses in the second and following rounds were analyzed using quantitative descriptive statistics. @*Results@#The first and second rounds were completed by 54.2% (n=13/24) and 58.3% (n=14/24) of the selected panel, respectively, while 10 out of these 14 participants completed the third round. The panel cited in-person essential medical services, telehealth for fever/respiratory symptoms, surveillance for influenzae-like illness, and minimization of spread to staff as important and appropriate roles of primary care, which are urgent and feasible during a pandemic. Regarding conditions/support for these roles, the panel indicated that institutional support and funding for separate areas, workforce, and telehealth, along with public-private collaborative governance, are urgent, but not feasible. @*Conclusion@#This study provides guidance on strategies for continuing the required roles of primary care and highlights a need to strengthen public-private partnerships during pandemic events in Korea.

5.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 868-873, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920175

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#This study aimed to investigate whether benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) accompanied by temporal bone fracture would be more resistant to canalith repositioning procedures (CRPs) than idiopathic BPPV.Subjects and Method Seventy-eight patients with BPPV were included in this study. Among them, 13 patients had temporal bone fractures and 65 had no temporal bone fractures. To identify the factors related to the number of CRPs performed until the remission of BPPV, sex, age, the presence of temporal bone fracture, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia or osteopenia, BPPV affected side, and the type of affected semicircular canal were analyzed using the univariable regression analysis. Thereafter, the multivariable regression analysis was performed using only the variables that had a p-value of 0.2 or less in the univariable analysis. @*Results@#In the univariable analysis, temporal bone fracture, diabetes mellitus, and BPPV side showed relatively significant association with the number of CRPs (p<0.2). In the multivariable analysis, only temporal bone fracture showed a significant association with the number of CRPs (p=0.043, β=0.532, 95% CI: 0.017-1.046). @*Conclusion@#The major finding of this study is that BPPV, accompanied by temporal bone fracture, precipitated more resistance to CRPs than idiopathic BPPV did. Thus, patients with temporal bone fracture might need more intensive examination and treatment for BPPV than those without temporal bone fracture.

6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 889-902, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893611

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To assess the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for additional MR-detected enhancing lesions and to determine whether or not kinetic pattern results comparable to dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) of the breast can be obtained using the quantitative analysis of CEUS. @*Materials and Methods@#In this single-center prospective study, a total of 71 additional MR-detected breast lesions were included. CEUS examination was performed, and lesions were categorized according to the Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS). The sensitivity,specificity, and diagnostic accuracy of CEUS were calculated by comparing the BI-RADS category to the final pathology results. The degree of agreement between CEUS and DCE-MRI kinetic patterns was evaluated using weighted kappa. @*Results@#On CEUS, 46 lesions were assigned as BI-RADS category 4B, 4C, or 5, while 25 lesions category 3 or 4A. The diagnostic performance of CEUS for enhancing lesions on DCE-MRI was excellent, with 84.9% sensitivity, 94.4% specificity, and 97.8% positive predictive value. A total of 57/71 (80%) lesions had correlating kinetic patterns and showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.66) between CEUS and DCE-MRI. Benign lesions showed excellent agreement (weighted kappa = 0.84), and invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) showed good agreement (weighted kappa = 0.69). @*Conclusion@#The diagnostic performance of CEUS for additional MR-detected breast lesions was excellent. Accurate kinetic pattern assessment, fairly comparable to DCE-MRI, can be obtained for benign and IDC lesions using CEUS.

7.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 953-957, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916836

ABSTRACT

An osteoma of the tongue is a rare benign tumor, typically located in the posterior one-third of the tongue. Several etiological hypotheses have been proposed in previous literature reviews. Herein, we report the case of a lingual osteoma in a 39-year-old woman, who complained of a lump in the throat. The lesion presented as a homogeneously hyperdense submucosal mass without any enhancement in the base of the tongue on CT, consistent with previous image findings of lingual osteoma. After surgical resection, the mass was pathologically proven to be a lingual osteoma. The patient no longer complained of the sensation of a lump. Typical CT findings of a lingual osteoma—a well-circumscribed hyperdense submucosal mass seen around the foramen cecum—could be helpful in the diagnosis of lingual osteoma and the prevention of further unnecessary work-up.

8.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 1-43, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66664

ABSTRACT

Korean Society of Thyroid-Head and Neck Surgery appointed a Task Force to develop clinical practice guidelines for the surgical treatment of laryngeal cancer. This Task Force conducted a systematic search of the EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed databases to identify relevant articles, using search terms selected according to the key questions. Evidence-based recommendations were then created on the basis of these articles. An external expert review and Delphi questionnaire were applied to reach consensus regarding the recommendations. The resulting guidelines focus on the surgical treatment of laryngeal cancer with the assumption that surgery is the selected treatment modality after a multidisciplinary discussion in any context. These guidelines do not, therefore, address non-surgical treatment such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy. The committee developed 62 evidence-based recommendations in 32 categories intended to assist clinicians during management of patients with laryngeal cancer and patients with laryngeal cancer, and counselors and health policy-makers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Consensus , Counseling , Drug Therapy , Glottis , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Neck
9.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 326-352, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-102690

ABSTRACT

These guidelines were developed as part of the 2016 Policy Research Servicing Project by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. A multidisciplinary approach was taken to formulate this guideline to provide practical information about the diagnosis and treatment of adults with acute upper respiratory tract infection, with the ultimate aim to promote the appropriate use of antibiotics. The formulation of this guideline was based on a systematic literature review and analysis of the latest research findings to facilitate evidence-based practice, and focused on key questions to help clinicians obtain solutions to clinical questions that may arise during the care of a patient. These guidelines mainly cover the subjects on the assessment of antibiotic indications and appropriate selection of antibiotics for adult patients with acute pharyngotonsillitis or acute sinusitis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Diagnosis , Evidence-Based Practice , Korea , Pharyngitis , Respiratory Tract Infections , Sinusitis , Tonsillitis
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 469-474, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21007

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We tried to evaluate the difference in the expression of carbonic anhydrase (CA) III and heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 between laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) and non-LPRD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 28 patients who underwent laryngeal microsurgery due to benign laryngeal disease from March to August 2008. Reflux symptom index (RSI) and reflux finding score (RFS) were measured for each person, and they were assigned either to the LPRD group (n=10) or non-LPRD group (n=18). Tissue samples were obtained from the mucosa of posterior commissure, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining of CAIII and Hsp70 was performed. The IHC scores were measured and compared with clinical features including RSI and RFS. RESULTS: Total 10 patients were assigned as LPRD group, and 18 patients were as control group. The mean IHC score of CAIII and Hsp70 was 1.70+/-1.06 and 1.90+/-0.88, respectively, in LPRD patients, whereas the mean IHC score of CAIII and Hsp70 was 0.78+/-0.73 and 0.94+/-0.87, respectively, in non-LPRD patients. The difference between two groups was statistically significant (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: CAIII and Hsp70 expressions were higher in LPRD patients that in non-LPRD patients, suggesting the possibility as one of biomomarker in LPRD diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Carbonic Anhydrase III/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/diagnosis , Laryngoscopes , Laryngoscopy , Larynx , Mucous Membrane/metabolism
11.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 634-636, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-645457

ABSTRACT

Thermal burns of the larynx after swallowing hot foods or drinks are frequently common in children, but are known to be extremely rare in adults. We report the case of a male adult who, upon swallowing hot food, experienced a burn of the larynx with airway obstruction. Since airway obstruction usually occurs within hours of burn of the larynx, the importance of persistent airway management is emphasized in this case.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Male , Airway Management , Airway Obstruction , Burns , Deglutition , Dyspnea , Larynx
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1640-1647, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180231

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the effects of nonthermal plasma (NTP) induced by helium (He) alone or He plus oxygen (O2) on the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell death in anaplastic thyroid cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NTP was generated in He alone or He plus O2 blowing through a nozzle by applying a high alternating current voltage to the discharge electrodes. Optical emission spectroscopy was used to identify various excited plasma species. The apoptotic effect of NTP on the anaplastic thyroid cancer cell lines, such as HTH83, U-HTH 7, and SW1763, was verified with annexin V/propidium staining and TUNEL assay. ROS formation after NTP treatment was identified with fluorescence-activated cell sorting with DCFDA staining. The mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways and caspase cascade were investigated to evaluate the molecular mechanism involved and cellular targets of plasma. RESULTS: NTP induced significant apoptosis in all three cancer cell lines. The plasma using He and O2 generated more O2-related species, and increased apoptosis and intracellular ROS formation compared with the plasma using He alone. NTP treatment of SW1763 increased the expression of phosphor-JNK, phosphor-p38, and caspase-3, but not phosphor-ERK. Apoptosis of SW1763 as well as expressions of elevated phosphor-JNK, phosphor-p38, and caspase-3 induced by NTP were effectively inhibited by intracellular ROS scavengers. CONCLUSION: NTP using He plus O2 induced significant apoptosis in anaplastic cancer cell lines through intracellular ROS formation. This may represent a new promising treatment modality for this highly lethal disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Apoptosis/drug effects , Caspase 3/metabolism , Flow Cytometry , Plasma Gases/pharmacology , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Thyroid Carcinoma, Anaplastic , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
13.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 191-193, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214426

ABSTRACT

Epidermoid cysts are benign developmental anomalies that are rarely observed in the oral cavity of neonate. If large in size, especially in the developing fetus or newborn infant, they can cause swallowing difficulty and occasionally respiratory difficulty. We report a case of epidermoid cyst in the oral cavity detected prenatal sonography. The sonographic finding was large cystic mass, measuring 30x25 mm. In this case, supplies and equipment for an emergency tracheostomy were made available prior to the delivery. However, the infant did not require intervention to secure the airway. The lesion was surgically excised, and histologic diagnosis was epidermoid cyst. After 6 months of follow up, the cyst had not recurred. This case illustrates the value of accurate prenatal diagnosis and planned perinatal management using a team approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Deglutition , Emergencies , Epidermal Cyst , Equipment and Supplies , Fetus , Follow-Up Studies , Mouth , Prenatal Diagnosis , Tracheostomy
14.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 8-13, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648664

ABSTRACT

Ever since human papillomavirus (HPV) has known to be associated with head and neck cancer, there have been many studies investigating the role of HPV as its causative factor. The most important thing among studies for HPV is to obtain HPV from cancer tissue and find out whether the obtained HPV is related to the development of cancer. However, until now, there has been no standardized method in diagnosing HPV infection. The various detecting methods for HPV and difference in sensitivity among experimental methods are one of the reasons for the controversy over the role of HPV. In this review, we present the advantages and disadvantages of HPV detection methods those are currently used and suggest standardized methods that may be used to detect HPV in head and neck cancer in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Head , Head and Neck Neoplasms
15.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 46-49, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648636

ABSTRACT

Thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) are the most common congenital cervical abnormality, resulting from the remnant epithelial tissue of the thyroglossal duct, occuring in up to 70% of all congenital neck abnormalities. TGDC can be found anywhere in the midline between the foramen cecum and the thyroid gland, but are most frequently found below the level of the hyoid bone (65%), and may occur above the hyoid (20%) or at the level of hyoid (15%). Although they are commonly found near the hyoid bone, they can also be located on the base of the tongue (2%) or lower in the neck (10%). But TGDC found on the posterior surface of the thyroid, the location of parathyroid, is rare. Here, we report a case of a 43-year-old man with TGDC in the posterior of the right thyroid lobe, which was misdiagnosed as a parathyroid adenoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Cecum , Hyoid Bone , Neck , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Thyroglossal Cyst , Thyroid Gland , Tongue
16.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 88-94, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70193

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate expressions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs) in squamous cell carcinoma of the tonsil and to correlate expression profiles with clinicopathological characteristics. METHODS: Paraffin blocks were obtained from 45 tonsil squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) patients, who underwent surgery as an initial treatment between 1994 and 2004, and from 20 normal controls. Expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9, MMP-13, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 were investigated immunohistochemically. RESULTS: The expressions of MMPs (except MMP-2) and TIMPs were found to be significantly different in tonsil SCC and normal control tissues. Furthermore, MMP-13 expression was found to be correlated with tumor invasion (P=0.05), and the expressions of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 with nodal metastasis (P=0.048, 0.031). No relation was found between MMP or TIMP expression and recurrence. However, MMP-9 expression was found to be significantly associated with 5-year survival in tonsil SCC patients by multivariate analysis (hazard ratio, 3.853; P=0.013). CONCLUSION: Significant overexpressions of multiple MMPs and TIMPs were found in tonsil SCC tissues. Furthermore, our findings suggest that MMP-9 expression might be a useful prognostic factor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Metalloproteases , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Palatine Tonsil , Paraffin , Prognosis , Recurrence , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-1 , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2
17.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 427-430, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651028

ABSTRACT

Actinomyces are gram positive anaerobes which exist as normal flora in the oral and digestive tract. Actinomycosis is a very rare subacute or chronic infectious disease that causes sinus fistula, tract or abscess due to the invasion of surrounding soft tissue when normal mucosa is damaged by inflammation. Clinically, it is categorized into cervicofacial, thorax, abdomen, pelvis, and systemic infection, in which cervicofacial infection accounts for 50% of all actinomycosis. With various nonspecific clinical manifestations and uncertain results of fine needle aspiration cytology and culture examination, treatment may be difficult since it may be misdiagnosed as malignancy or tuberculosis. Along with literature, we present a case of a 57-year old male patient with cervical actinomycosis in the submandibular mass, which was mistaken for malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Abdomen , Abscess , Actinomyces , Actinomycosis , Actinomycosis, Cervicofacial , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Communicable Diseases , Fistula , Gastrointestinal Tract , Inflammation , Mucous Membrane , Pelvis , Thorax , Tuberculosis
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 857-863, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33819

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The traditional belief that obesity is protective against osteoporosis has been questioned. Recent epidemiologic studies show that body fat itself may be a risk factor for osteoporosis and bone fractures. Accumulating evidence suggests that metabolic syndrome and the individual components of metabolic syndrome such as hypertension, increased triglycerides, and reduced high-density lipoprotein cholesterol are also risk factors for low bone mineral density. Using a cross sectional study design, we evaluated the associations between obesity or metabolic syndrome and bone mineral density (BMD) or vertebral fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 907 postmenopausal healthy female subjects, aged 60-79 years, were recruited from woman hospitals in Seoul, South Korea. BMD, vetebral fracture, bone markers, and body composition including body weight, body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat, and waist circumference were measured. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, smoking status, alcohol consumption, total calcium intake, and total energy intake, waist circumference was negatively related to BMD of all sites (lumbar BMD p = 0.037, all sites of femur BMD p < 0.001) whereas body weight was still positively related to BMD of all sites (p < 0.001). Percentage body fat and waist circumference were much higher in the fracture group than the non-fracture group (p = 0.0383, 0.082 respectively). Serum glucose levels were postively correlated to lumbar BMD (p = 0.016), femoral neck BMD (p = 0.0335), and femoral trochanter BMD (p = 0.0082). Serum high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) was positively related to femoral trochanter BMD (p = 0.0366) and was lower in the control group than the fracture group (p = 0.011). CONCLUSION: In contrast to the effect favorable body weight on bone mineral density, high percentage body fat and waist circumference are related to low BMD and a vertebral fracture. Some components of metabolic syndrome were related to BMD and a vertebral fracture.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Bone Density , Obesity/complications , Overweight , Postmenopause , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors , Spinal Fractures/complications
19.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 620-626, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-654178

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although human papillomavirus (HPV) infection has been recognized as having an important role in the pathogenesis of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), there is no simple and reliable screening test of HPV infection in HNSCC to date. In the present study, we investigated the usability of p16 immunohistochemical staining as a screening test for HPV infection in HNSCC. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Paraffin blocks were obtained from 45 tonsil SCC patients, who underwent surgery as an initial treatment between 1995 and 2004. Paraffin blocks were also obtained from 20 normal controls. Expression of p16 was investigated immunohistochemically and these results were compared with results of HPV genotyping and the real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay of viral oncoprotein to validate p16 staining as a reliable diagnostic tool of HPV infection. RESULTS: The expression of p16 was found to be significantly different between tonsil SCC (32/45, 71.1%) and normal control tissues (0/20, 0%)(p<0.05). Among the 45 patients, HPV genotyping and real-time PCR assay were performed in 21 of the 32 p16 (+) patients and in 6 patients of the 13 p16 (-) patients. HPV-16 was detected in 18 (85.7%) out of the 21 p16 (+) patients and in 2 (33.3%) out of the 6 p16 (-) patients. The p16 expression and HPV-16 status was significantly correlated (p<0.05). The two patients who had HPV-16 infection but did not have p16 expression showed an episomal infection or very low viral copy number each. CONCLUSION: The p16 expression may be an useful marker of HPV infection in HNSCC and may be used as a screening test for HPV infection in HNSCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Coat Protein Complex I , Head , Human papillomavirus 16 , Immunohistochemistry , Mass Screening , Neck , Palatine Tonsil , Papillomavirus Infections , Paraffin , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
20.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 905-908, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648383

ABSTRACT

Teratoma is a tumor derived from the three basic germ cell layers (ectoderm, mesoderm, endoderm) and is commonly found in the sacrococcygeal region. But teratomas of the head and neck are uncommon tumors which comprise between five and 15% of all teratomas. Of these, the Eustachian tube is an unusual site for this tumor. Patients with these tumors have symptoms related to difficulties with swallowing and respiration that could result in high degree of morbidity and mortality by virtue of size and location of the tumor. We present a case of eustachian teratoma in a female infant presenting dyspnea at birth with a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Deglutition , Dyspnea , Eustachian Tube , Germ Cells , Head , Mesoderm , Neck , Parturition , Respiration , Sacrococcygeal Region , Teratoma , Virtues
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