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1.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 98-108, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967931

ABSTRACT

Alternative complement pathway dysregulation plays a key role in glomerulonephritis (GN) and is associated with C3 deposition. Herein, we examined pathological and clinical differences between cases of primary GN with C3-dominant (C3D-GN) and nondominant (C3ND-GN) deposition. Methods: We extracted primary GN data from the Korean GlomeruloNEphritis sTudy (KoGNET). C3D-GN was defined as C3 staining two grades greater than C1q, C4, and immunoglobulin via immunofluorescence analysis. To overcome a large difference in the number of patients between the C3D-GN and C3ND-GN groups (31 vs. 9,689), permutation testing was used for analysis. Results: The C3D-GN group exhibited higher serum creatinine (p ≤ 0.001), a greater prevalence of estimated glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL/min/1.72 m2 (p ≤ 0.001), higher (but not significantly so) C-reactive protein level, and lower serum C3 level (p ≤ 0.001). Serum albumin, urine protein/creatinine ratio, number of patients who progressed to end-stage renal disease, and all-cause mortality were comparable between groups. Interstitial fibrosis and mesangial cellularity were greater in the C3D-GN group (p = 0.04 and p = 0.01, respectively) than in the C3ND-GN group. C3 deposition was dominant in the former group (p < 0.001), in parallel with increased subendothelial deposition (p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Greater progression of renal injury and higher mortality occurred in patients with C3D-GN than with C3ND-GN, along with pathologic differences in interstitial and mesangial changes.

2.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 606-616, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001990

ABSTRACT

Prevention and diagnosis of postcontrast acute kidney injury (AKI) after contrast-enhanced computed tomography is burdensome in outpatient department. We investigated whether an electronic alert system could improve prevention and diagnosis of postcontrast AKI. Methods: In March 2018, we launched an electronic alert system that automatically identifies patients with a baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate of <45 mL/min/1.73 m2, provides a prescription of fluid regimen, and recommends a follow-up for serum creatinine measurement. Participants prescribed contrast-enhanced computed tomography at outpatient department before and after the launch of the system were categorized as historical and alert group, respectively. Propensity for the surveillance of postcontrast AKI was compared using logistic regression. Risks of AKI, admission, mortality, and renal replacement therapy were analyzed. Results: The historical and alert groups included 289 and 309 participants, respectively. The alert group was more likely to be men and take diuretics. The most frequent volume of prophylactic fluid in historical and alert group was 1,000 and 750 mL, respectively. Follow-up for AKI was more common in the alert group (adjusted odds ratio, 6.00; p < 0.001). Among them, incidence of postcontrast AKI was not statistically different. The two groups did not differ in risks of admission, mortality, or renal replacement therapy. Conclusion: The electronic alert system could assist in the detection of high-risk patients, prevention with reduced fluid volume, and proper diagnosis of postcontrast AKI, while limiting the prescribing clinicians’ burden. Whether the system can improve long-term outcomes remains unclear.

3.
Healthcare Informatics Research ; : 315-322, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000456

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are developing very rapidly in the medical field, but have yet to be actively used in actual clinical settings. Ensuring reliability is essential to disseminating technologies, necessitating a wide range of research and subsequent social consensus on requirements for trustworthy AI. @*Methods@#This review divided the requirements for trustworthy medical AI into explainability, fairness, privacy protection, and robustness, investigated research trends in the literature on AI in healthcare, and explored the criteria for trustworthy AI in the medical field. @*Results@#Explainability provides a basis for determining whether healthcare providers would refer to the output of an AI model, which requires the further development of explainable AI technology, evaluation methods, and user interfaces. For AI fairness, the primary task is to identify evaluation metrics optimized for the medical field. As for privacy and robustness, further development of technologies is needed, especially in defending training data or AI algorithms against adversarial attacks. @*Conclusions@#In the future, detailed standards need to be established according to the issues that medical AI would solve or the clinical field where medical AI would be used. Furthermore, these criteria should be reflected in AI-related regulations, such as AI development guidelines and approval processes for medical devices.

4.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 924-944, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000014

ABSTRACT

Hyponatremia is primarily a water balance disorder associated with high morbidity and mortality. The pathophysiological mechanisms behind hyponatremia are multifactorial, and diagnosing and treating this disorder remains challenging. In this review, the classification, pathogenesis, and step-by-step management approaches for hyponatremia in patients with liver disease are described based on recent evidence. We summarize the five sequential steps of the traditional diagnostic approach: 1) confirm true hypotonic hyponatremia, 2) assess the severity of hyponatremia symptoms, 3) measure urine osmolality, 4) classify hyponatremia based on the urine sodium concentration and extracellular fluid status, and 5) rule out any coexisting endocrine disorder and renal failure. Distinct treatment strategies for hyponatremia in liver disease should be applied according to the symptoms, duration, and etiology of disease. Symptomatic hyponatremia requires immediate correction with 3% saline. Asymptomatic chronic hyponatremia in liver disease is prevalent and treatment plans should be individualized based on diagnosis. Treatment options for correcting hyponatremia in advanced liver disease may include water restriction; hypokalemia correction; and administration of vasopressin antagonists, albumin, and 3% saline. Safety concerns for patients with liver disease include a higher risk of osmotic demyelination syndrome.

5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 290-302, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977401

ABSTRACT

Hypernatremia is an occasionally encountered electrolyte disorder, which may lead to fatal consequences under improper management. Hypernatremia is a disorder of the homeostatic status regarding body water and sodium contents. This imbalance is the basis for the diagnostic approach to hypernatremia. We summarize the eight diagnostic steps of the traditional approach and introduce new biomarkers: exclude pseudohypernatremia, confirm glucose-corrected sodium concentrations, determine the extracellular volume status, measure urine sodium levels, measure urine volume and osmolality, check ongoing urinary electrolyte free water clearance, determine arginine vasopressin/copeptin levels, and assess other electrolyte disorders. Moreover, we suggest six steps to manage hypernatremia by replacing water deficits, ongoing water losses, and insensible water losses: identify underlying causes, distinguish between acute and chronic hypernatremia, determine the amount and rate of water administration, select the type of replacement solution, adjust the treatment schedule, and consider additional therapy for diabetes insipidus. Physicians may apply some of these steps to all patients with hypernatremia, and can also adapt the regimens for specific causes or situations.

6.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 310-321, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938435

ABSTRACT

Although bicarbonate has traditionally been used to treat patients with rhabdomyolysis at high risk of acute kidney injury (AKI), it is unclear whether this is beneficial. This study compared bicarbonate therapy to non-bicarbonate therapy for the prevention of AKI and mortality in rhabdomyolysis patients. Methods: In a propensity score-matched cohort study, patients with a creatine kinase (CK) level of >1,000 U/L during hospitalization were divided into bicarbonate and non-bicarbonate groups. Patients were subgrouped based on low-volume (<3 mL/kg/hr) or high-volume (≥3 mL/kg/hr) fluid resuscitation in the first 72 hours. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify the impacts of bicarbonate use and fluid resuscitation on AKI risk and need for dialysis. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate survival. Volume overload and electrolyte imbalances were assessed. Results: Among 4,077 patients, we assembled a cohort of 887 pairs of patients treated with and without bicarbonate. Bicarbonate group had a higher incidence of AKI, higher rate of dialysis dependency, higher 30-day mortality, and longer hospital stay than the non-bicarbonate group. Further, patients who received high-volume fluid therapy had worse renal outcomes and a higher mortality than those who received low-volume fluids regardless of bicarbonate use. Bicarbonate use, volume overload, and AKI were associated with higher mortality. Volume overload was significantly higher in the bicarbonate group than in the non-bicarbonate group. Conclusion: Bicarbonate or high-volume fluid therapy for patients with rhabdomyolysis did not reduce AKI or improve mortality compared to non-bicarbonate or low-volume fluid therapy. Limited use of bicarbonate and adjustment of fluid volume may improve the short- and long-term outcomes of patients with rhabdomyolysis.

7.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 298-309, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938431

ABSTRACT

Hyponatremia overcorrection can result in irreversible neurologic impairment such as osmotic demyelination syndrome. Few prospective studies have identified patients undergoing hypertonic saline treatment with a high risk of hyponatremia overcorrection. Methods: We conducted a post hoc analysis of a multicenter, prospective randomized controlled study, the SALSA trial, in 178 patients aged above 18 years with symptomatic hyponatremia (mean age, 73.1 years; mean serum sodium level, 118.2 mEq/L). Overcorrection was defined as an increase in serum sodium levels by >12 or 18 mEq/L within 24 or 48 hours, respectively. Results: Among the 178 patients, 37 experienced hyponatremia overcorrection (20.8%), which was independently associated with initial serum sodium level (≤110, 110–115, 115–120, and 120–125 mEq/L with 7, 4, 2, and 0 points, respectively), chronic alcoholism (7 points), severe symptoms of hyponatremia (3 points), and initial potassium level (<3.0 mEq/L, 3 points). The NASK (hypoNatremia, Alcoholism, Severe symptoms, and hypoKalemia) score was derived from four risk factors for hyponatremia overcorrection and was significantly associated with overcorrection (odds ratio, 1.41; 95% confidence interval, 1.24–1.61; p < 0.01) with good discrimination (area under the receiver-operating characteristic [AUROC] curve, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.66–0.85; p < 0.01). The AUROC curve of the NASK score was statistically better compared with those of each risk factor. Conclusion: In treating patients with symptomatic hyponatremia, individuals with high hyponatremia overcorrection risks were predictable using a novel risk score summarizing baseline information.

8.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 188-199, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938419

ABSTRACT

Organ crosstalk between the kidney and the heart has been suggested. Acute kidney injury (AKI) and acute heart failure (AHF) are well-known independent risk factors for mortality in hospitalized patients. This study aimed to investigate if these conditions have an additive effect on mortality in hospitalized patients, as this has not been explored in previous studies. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 101,804 hospitalized patients who visited two tertiary hospitals in the Republic of Korea over a period of 5 years. AKI was diagnosed using serum creatinine-based criteria, and AHF was classified using International Classification of Diseases codes within 2 weeks after admission. Patients were divided into four groups according to the two conditions. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality. Results: AKI occurred in 6.8% of all patients (n = 6,920) and AHF in 1.2% (n = 1,244). Three hundred thirty-one patients (0.3%) developed both conditions while AKI alone was present in 6,589 patients (6.5%) and AHF alone in 913 patients (0.9%). Among the 5,181 patients (5.1%) who died, 20.8% died within 1 month. The hazard ratio for 1-month mortality was 29.23 in patients with both conditions, 15.00 for AKI only, and 3.39 for AHF only. The relative excess risk of interaction was 11.85 (95% confidence interval, 2.43–21.27), and was more prominent in patients aged <75 years and those without chronic heart failure. Conclusion: AKI and AHF have a detrimental additive effect on short-term mortality in hospitalized patients.

9.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 175-187, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938415

ABSTRACT

Shared decision-making is a two-way symmetrical communication process in which clinicians and patients work together to achieve the best outcome. This study aimed to develop self-assessment items as a decision aid for choosing a dialysis modality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to assess the construct validity of the newly developed items. Methods: Five focus group interviews were performed to extract specific self-assessment items regarding patient values in choosing a dialysis modality. After survey items were refined, a survey of 330 patients, consisting of 152 hemodialysis (HD) and 178 peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, was performed to validate the self-assessment items. Results: The self-assessment for the decision aid was refined to 35 items. The structure of the final items appeared to have three dimensions of factors; health, lifestyle, and dialysis environment. The health factor consisted of 12 subscales (α = 0.724), the lifestyle factor contained 11 subscales (α = 0.624), and the dialysis environment factor was represented by 12 subscales (α = 0.694). A structural equation model analysis showed that the relationship between the decision aid factors (health, lifestyle, and dialysis environment), patients’ CKD perception, and cognition of shared decision-making differed between HD patients and PD patients. Conclusion: We developed and validated self-assessment items as part of a decision aid to help patients with CKD. This attempt may assist CKD patients in making informed and shared decisions closely aligned with their values when considering dialysis modality.

10.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 254-264, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926414

ABSTRACT

The Korean Society of Radiology and Medical Guidelines Committee amended the existing 2016 guidelines to publish the “Korean Clinical Practice Guidelines for Adverse Reactions to Iodide Contrast for Injection and Gadolinium Contrast for MRI: The Revised Clinical Consensus and Recommendations (2022 Third Edition).” Expert members recommended and approved by the Korean Society of Radiology, the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology, and the Korean Nephrology Society participated together. According to the expert consensus or systematic literature review, the description of the autoinjector and connection line for the infection control while using contrast medium, the acute adverse reaction, and renal toxicity to iodized contrast medium were modified and added. We would like to introduce the revised contents.

11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 656-667, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901590

ABSTRACT

Acute or chronic dysfunction of the heart or kidneys can cause dysfunction of other organs.This interaction between the heart and kidneys is characterized as cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). Recently, a preponderance of data indicated that venous congestion plays an important role in the combination of renal and cardiac diseases. This review aims to focus on the pathophysiology of venous congestion that leads to renal impairment in heart failure and the use of diuretics or ultrafiltration as decongestive therapy in CRS. We found that although clinical studies have confirmed that decongestive therapy has a definite role in decreasing volume overload and the consequent symptom improvement in patients with CRS, the impact of diuretics or ultrafiltration on the improvement of kidney function or mortality remains uncertain. A precise assessment of volume status is required to determine the adequacy of decongestion. Objective measures of renal venous congestion may be a future metric to assess the adequacy of the diuretic response in patients and guide therapeutic decision making.

12.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 220-230, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901514

ABSTRACT

Background@#s: Recently, alternative surrogate endpoints such as a 30% or 40% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or eGFR slope over 2 to 3 years have been proposed for predicting renal outcomes. However, the impact of GFR estimation methods on the accuracy and effectiveness of surrogate markers is unknown. @*Methods@#We retrospectively enrolled participants in health screening programs at three hospitals from 1995 to 2009. We defined two different participant groups as YR1 and YR3, which had available 1-year or 3-year eGFR values along with their baseline eGFR levels. We compared the effectiveness of eGFR percentage change or slope to estimate end-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk according to two estimating equations (modified Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation [eGFRm] and Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation [eGFRc]) for GFR. @*Results@#In the YR1 and YR3 groups, 9,971 and 10,171 candidates were enrolled and ESRD incidence during follow-up was 0.26% and 0.19%, respectively. The eGFR percentage change was more effective than eGFR slope in estimating ESRD risk, regardless of the method of estimation. A 40% of decline in eGFR was better than 30%, and a 3-year baseline period was better than a 1-year period for prediction accuracy. Although some diagnostic indices from the CKD-EPI equation were better, we found no significant differences in the discriminative ability and hazard ratios for incident ESRD between eGFRc and eGFRm in either eGFR percentage change or eGFR slope. @*Conclusion@#There were no significant differences in the prediction accuracy of GFR percentage change or eGFR slope between eGFRc and eGFRm in the general population.

13.
Electrolytes & Blood Pressure ; : 38-45, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914228

ABSTRACT

Pressure natriuresis refers to the concept that increased renal perfusion pressure leads to a decrease in tubular reabsorption of sodium and an increased sodium excretion. The set point of blood pressure is the point at which pressure natriuresis and extracellular fluid volume are in equilibrium. The term "abnormal pressure natriuresis" usually refers to the expected abnormal effect of a certain level of blood pressure on sodium excretion. Factors that cause abnormal pressure natriuresis are known. Sympathetic nerve system, genetic factors, and dietary factors may affect an increase in renal perfusion pressure. An increase in renal perfusion pressure increases renal interstitial hydrostatic pressure (RIHP). Increased RIHP affects tubular reabsorption through alterations in tight junctional permeability to sodium in proximal tubules, redistribution of apical sodium transporters, and/or release of renal autacoids. Renal autocoids such as nitric oxide, prostaglandin E2, kinins, and angiotensin II may also regulate pressure natriuresis by acting directly on renal tubule sodium transport. In addition, inflammation and reactive oxygen species may mediate pressure natriuresis. Recently, the use of new drugs associated with pressure natriuretic mechanisms, such as angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor and sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors, has been consistently demonstrated to reduce mortality and hypertension-related complications. Therefore, the understanding of pressure natriuresis is gaining attention as an antihypertensive strategy. In this review, we provide a basic overview of pressure natriuresis to the target audience of nephrologists.

14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 656-667, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893886

ABSTRACT

Acute or chronic dysfunction of the heart or kidneys can cause dysfunction of other organs.This interaction between the heart and kidneys is characterized as cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). Recently, a preponderance of data indicated that venous congestion plays an important role in the combination of renal and cardiac diseases. This review aims to focus on the pathophysiology of venous congestion that leads to renal impairment in heart failure and the use of diuretics or ultrafiltration as decongestive therapy in CRS. We found that although clinical studies have confirmed that decongestive therapy has a definite role in decreasing volume overload and the consequent symptom improvement in patients with CRS, the impact of diuretics or ultrafiltration on the improvement of kidney function or mortality remains uncertain. A precise assessment of volume status is required to determine the adequacy of decongestion. Objective measures of renal venous congestion may be a future metric to assess the adequacy of the diuretic response in patients and guide therapeutic decision making.

15.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 220-230, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893810

ABSTRACT

Background@#s: Recently, alternative surrogate endpoints such as a 30% or 40% decline in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) or eGFR slope over 2 to 3 years have been proposed for predicting renal outcomes. However, the impact of GFR estimation methods on the accuracy and effectiveness of surrogate markers is unknown. @*Methods@#We retrospectively enrolled participants in health screening programs at three hospitals from 1995 to 2009. We defined two different participant groups as YR1 and YR3, which had available 1-year or 3-year eGFR values along with their baseline eGFR levels. We compared the effectiveness of eGFR percentage change or slope to estimate end-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk according to two estimating equations (modified Modification of Diet in Renal Disease equation [eGFRm] and Chronic Kidney Disease-Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equation [eGFRc]) for GFR. @*Results@#In the YR1 and YR3 groups, 9,971 and 10,171 candidates were enrolled and ESRD incidence during follow-up was 0.26% and 0.19%, respectively. The eGFR percentage change was more effective than eGFR slope in estimating ESRD risk, regardless of the method of estimation. A 40% of decline in eGFR was better than 30%, and a 3-year baseline period was better than a 1-year period for prediction accuracy. Although some diagnostic indices from the CKD-EPI equation were better, we found no significant differences in the discriminative ability and hazard ratios for incident ESRD between eGFRc and eGFRm in either eGFR percentage change or eGFR slope. @*Conclusion@#There were no significant differences in the prediction accuracy of GFR percentage change or eGFR slope between eGFRc and eGFRm in the general population.

16.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 401-410, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917062

ABSTRACT

Background@#Because of high cost of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and the high mortality rate among severe acute kidney injury patients, careful identification of patients who will benefit from CRRT is warranted. This study determined factors associated with mortality among critically ill patients requiring CRRT. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective observational study of 414 patients admitted to the intensive care unit of four hospitals in South Korea who received CRRT from June 2017 to September 2018. Patients were divided according to degree of fluid overload (FO) and disease severity. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to explore the effect of relevant variables on mortality. @*Results@#In-hospital mortality rate was 57.2%. Ninety-day mortality rate was 58.5%. Lower creatinine and blood pH were significant predictors of mortality. A one-unit increase in the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score was associated with increased risk of and 90-day mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.07; p 10%, independent of disease severity. @*Conclusion@#FO increases the risk of mortality independent of other factors, including severity of acute illness. Prevention of FO should be a priority, especially when managing the critically ill.

17.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 371-382, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917059

ABSTRACT

Background@#Copeptin is secreted in equimolar amounts as arginine vasopressin, main hormone regulating body fluid homeostasis. A recent study reported a copeptin-based classification of osmoregulatory defects in syndromes of inappropriate antidiuresis that may aid in prediction of therapeutic success. We investigated usefulness of copeptin for differentiating etiologies of hyponatremia and predicting efficacy and safety of hypertonic saline treatment in hyponatremic patients. @*Methods@#We performed a multicenter, prospective cohort study of 100 inpatients with symptomatic hyponatremia (corrected serum sodium [sNa] ≤ 125 mmol/L) treated with hypertonic saline. Copeptin levels were measured at baseline and 24 hours after treatment initiation, and patients were classified as being below or above median of copeptin at baseline or at 24 hours, respectively. Correlations between target, under correction, and overcorrection rates of sNa within 24 hours/24–48 hours and copeptin levels at baseline/24 hours were analyzed. @*Results@#Mean sNa and median copeptin levels were 117.9 and 16.9 pmol/L, respectively. Ratio of copeptin-to-urine sodium allowed for an improved differentiation among some (insufficient effective circulatory volume), but not all hyponatremia etiologic subgroups. Patients with below-median copeptin levels at baseline achieved a higher target correction rate in 6/24 hours (odds ratio [OR], 2.97; p = 0.02/OR, 6.21; p = 0.006). Patients with below-median copeptin levels 24 hours after treatment showed a higher overcorrection rate in next 24 hours (OR, 18.00, p = 0.02). @*Conclusion@#There is a limited diagnostic utility of copeptin for differential diagnosis of hyponatremia. However, copeptin might be useful for predicting responses to hypertonic saline treatment in hyponatremic patients.

18.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 596-610, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917046

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/cMet pathway is necessary for repair and regeneration following acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the clinical potential of plasma HGF and soluble cMet as prognostic biomarkers for severe AKI requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). @*Methods@#One hundred thirty-six patients with severe AKI who participated in the VENUS (volume management under body composition monitoring in critically ill patients on CRRT) trial between 2017 and 2019 were enrolled in this study. We investigated associations between plasma HGF and cMet concentrations and all-cause mortality. @*Results@#Plasma HGF and soluble cMet levels were positively correlated. Patients were divided into three groups based on their HGF and soluble cMet concentrations. The day D 0, D2, and D7 highest concentration HGF groups had significantly higher in-hospital mortality after adjusting for sex, body mass index, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, and age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index score, especially on D7 (hazard ratio, 4.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.71–10.62; p = 0.002). D7 soluble cMet level was also associated with mortality. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that D7 HGF and soluble cMet levels were best at predicting mortality. Addition of plasma HGF and soluble cMet to conventional prognostic indices significantly improved the predictive value for mortality on D7. However, plasma HGF and soluble cMet were not associated with fluid status. @*Conclusion@#Plasma HGF and soluble cMet levels were significant predictors of the outcomes of severe AKI patients undergoing CRRT. There was no correlation between plasma HGF and soluble cMet levels and fluid balance.

19.
Kidney Research and Clinical Practice ; : 634-644, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917045

ABSTRACT

Background@#A laparoscopic approach is widely used in abdominal surgery. Although several studies have compared surgical and oncological outcomes between laparoscopic surgery (LS) and open surgery (OS) in rectal cancer patients, there have been few studies on postoperative renal outcomes. @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective cohort study involving 1,633 patients who underwent rectal cancer surgery between 2003 and 2017. Postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) was diagnosed according to the serum creatinine criteria of the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes classification. @*Results@#Among the 1,633 patients, 1,072 (65.6%) underwent LS. After matching propensity scores, 395 patients were included in each group. The incidence of postoperative AKI in the LS group was significantly lower than in the OS group (9.9% vs. 15.9%; p = 0.01). Operation time, estimated blood loss, and incidence of transfusion in the LS group were significantly lower than those in the OS group. Cox proportional hazard models revealed that LS was associated with decreased risk of postoperative AKI (hazard ratio [HR], 0.599; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.402–0.893; p = 0.01) and postoperative transfusion was associated with increased risk of AKI (HR, 2.495; 95% CI, 1.529–4.072; p < 0.001). In the subgroup analysis, the incidence of postoperative AKI in patients with middle or high rectal cancer who underwent LS was much lower than in those who underwent OS (HR, 0.373; 95% CI, 0.197–0.705; p = 0.002). @*Conclusion@#This study showed that LS may have a favorable effect on the development of postoperative AKI in patients with rectal cancer.

20.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 284-294, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831817

ABSTRACT

The objective of this article is to raise awareness among physicians of the increasing incidence of acute kidney injury in the elderly population and the utility of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in its management. While CRRT is frequently applied in younger patients, its use in elderly patients is less frequent, for various reasons, including resistance to such an aggressive intervention from the family and the healthcare team. However, predictors of prognosis have been identified and some studies have concluded that advanced age is not associated with poor outcomes. Decisions regarding management are more complex when dealing with the elderly but like very other patient, the approach should be patient- centered.

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