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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939672

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) assay for the detection of NPM1 type A mutation in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and to evaluate its specificity, sensitivity and its value in clinical application.@*METHODS@#NPM1 mutant and wildtype plasmids were used to verify the performance of ddPCR. Both ddPCR and Sanger sequencing were used to detect the bone marrow samples of 87 AML patients, which were confirmed by next generation sequencing (NGS). Moreover, NPM1 mutation burden was dynamically monitored in five patients by ddPCR.@*RESULTS@#The limit of blank (LOB) of ddPCR established for NPM1 mutation detection was 1.1 copies/μl, and the limit of detection (LOD) was 2.43 copies/μl, which had good linearity. Among the 87 newly diagnosed AML patients, ddPCR identified seventeen cases positive for NPM1 mutation (19.5%), which was consistent with Sanger sequencing. NGS confirmed 12 positive cases, including 8 of type A mutations, 2 of type D mutations, and 2 of rare type mutations. The results of dynamic monitoring of NPM1 mutation burden in 5 patients showed that the NPM1 mutation burden decreased obviously even close to 0, when patients achieve complete remission after chemotherapy. However, the mutation burden was increased again at the time of relapse.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we established a ddPCR method for detection of NPM1 mutation with good sensitivity and repeatability, which can be used for screening NPM1 mutation in newly diagnosed AML patients and for minimal residual disease monitoring after remission in positive AML patients to guide treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Nucleophosmin , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prognosis
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 681-685, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935443

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the changes in tobacco use and exposure in primary school students in Shandong province in 2012 and 2019. Methods: A multi-stage stratified cluster random sampling method was used in the survey. In 2012 and 2019, 5 861 and 4 021 students from 3 different cities of Shandong province were selected as the study population. The questionnaire was filled anonymously by the subjects. χ2 test was conducted to compare the difference of groups. Results: In 2012 and 2019, the rate of attempting smoking among pupils under this study in Shandong province were 6.0%and 6.3%, respectively, while the current smoking rate were 1.2%and 2.3%, respectively. The sex ratio of male and female students attempting to smoke was 2.56∶1 in 2012 and 1.31∶1 in 2019. The sex ratio of current smoking rate was 2.43∶1 and 2.00∶1, respectively in 2012 and in 2019. The rate of tobacco exposure in the public places was 50.5%and 41.4%, respectively. The rate of tobacco exposure in family was 49.7% and 46.4%, respectively. Two rates of tobacco exposure decreased, but the reduction in family (3.3%) was far less than that in public places (9.1%). In 2019, the rate of tobacco exposure in family was higher than that in public places. Conclusions: The tobacco exposure rate declined in senior pupils in Shandong province. However, the situation is still grim for the current smoking rate, growth trend of girls tobacco use, and tobacco exposure in family.


Subject(s)
Cities , Environment , Female , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Students , Surveys and Questionnaires , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Tobacco Use/epidemiology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the predictive value of preablative stimulated thyroglobulin (psTg) level before 131I treatment on the excellent response (ER) to 131I treatment in patients with functional residual lymph node metastasis without distant metastasis after papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) surgery. Methods:From March 2011 to June 2015, 72 patients (22 males, 50 females, age: 14-76 (46.5±14.4) years) who were diagnosed with functional lymph node metastasis without distant metastasis at the time of their first 131I treatment after total thyroid bilobectomy + lymph node dissection performed in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively included, and their serum thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) levels were normal. Patients were divided into ER group and non-ER group according to the treatment response assessment system. Independent sample t test, χ2 test, and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the basic clinical characteristics between the two groups, and then multivariate logistic regression was performed. The ROC curve was employed to evaluate the predictive value of psTg and lymph node size in 131I treatment response. Results:The treatment responses of 44 patients were ER, and those of 28 were non-ER. The differences in gender, age, clinical stage, number and location of postoperative metastatic lymph nodes between ER and non-ER groups were not statistically significant ( t=0.82, χ2 values: 0.16-2.60, all P>0.05), while there were significant differences in American Thyroid Association (ATA) initial risk stratification ( χ2=33.38), lymph node size ( U=296.50) and psTg ( U=111.00, all P<0.001). PsTg (odds ratio ( OR)=0.047, 95% CI: 0.004-0.500, P=0.011) and lymph node size ( OR=0.146, 95% CI: 0.032-0.666, P=0.013) were independent factors affecting ER, whereas ATA initial risk stratification was not an independent factor ( OR=0.266, 95% CI: 0.051-1.390, P=0.116). AUCs for psTg and lymph node size were 0.904 and 0.873, respectively. The cut-off value of psTg was 20.05 μg/L with the sensitivity and specificity of 96.4%(27/28) and 75.0%(33/44) respectively, and lymph node size was 0.75 cm with the sensitivity and specificity of 78.6% (22/28) and 81.8% (36/44) respectively. Conclusion:PsTg can be used to predict 131I outcomes in patients with functional lymph node metastases after PTC, and lymph node size also has effect on ER.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930942

ABSTRACT

With the deep understanding of gastric cancer and the development of new technology, various comprehensive treatment modes for different stages of gastric cancer have been widely recognized. Endoscopic technology represented by endoscopic submucosal dissection is an important method for diagnosis of gastric cancer and treatment for early gastric cancer. Surgical operation is the preferred treatment for locally advanced gastric cancer, mainly including total gastrectomy, distal gastrectomy, pylorus preserving gastrectomy, proximal gastrectomy and the corresponding regional lymph node dissection. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy, adjuvant chemotherapy and hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy play important roles in preoperative and post-operative adjuvant therapy of gastric cancer, while the role of radiotherapy needs to be further observed. In recent years, targeted therapy represented by trastuzumab which is positive for human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 and immunotherapy represented by programmed death-1 inhibitors have made important progress in the treatment of gastric cancer. However, they need to be further proved to become the first-line treatment for gastric cancer. The authors believe that with more research results of gastric cancer, the comprehensive treatment of gastric cancer will be more diversified, which will make the treatment of gastric cancer individualized and accurate and finally benefit more patients.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929268

ABSTRACT

The dry root and rhizome of Panax ginseng C. A. Mey has garnered much interest owing to its medicinal properties against diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. In this study, an ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q-TOF-MS)-based metabolomics approach was used to illustrate the therapeutic mechanisms of ginseng extract on the serum and urinary metabolic profiles in streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) rats. Pharmacological and renal parameters in response to the administration of ginseng were also evaluated. In total, 16 serum endogenous metabolites and 14 urine endogenous metabolites, including pyruvic acid, indoleacetic acid, and phenylacetylglycine, were identified as potential biomarkers for diabetes. Pathway enrichment and network analysis revealed that the biomarkers modulated by ginseng were primarily involved in phenylalanine and pyruvate metabolism, as well as in arginine biosynthesis. Moreover, the levels of several renal injury-related biomarkers in T1DM rats were significantly restored following treatment with ginseng. The administration of the extract helped maintain tissue structure integrity and ameliorated renal injury. The findings suggest that the regulatory effect of ginseng extract on T1DM involves metabolic management of diabetic rats, which subsequently attenuates T1DM-induced early renal dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/drug therapy , Kidney , Metabolomics/methods , Panax/chemistry , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924178

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo understand the incidence and change trend of thyroid cancer in Qingpu District, Shanghai from 2007 to 2016, and to provide a reference for formulating relevant prevention and treatment strategies. MethodsThe incidence data of thyroid cancer among residents in Qingpu District from 2007 to 2016 were collected using the Shanghai Malignant Tumor Registration System, and the crude incidence rate was calculated for different gender and age groups. The age-standardized incidence rate was calculated using the world standard population, and the annual percentage change (APC) was calculated using Joinpoint software to analyze the time trend of the incidence of thyroid cancer. ResultsThe incidence of thyroid cancer changed from 8.97/105 in 2007 to 52.02/105 in 2016, with an increase of 479.93% (APC=23.60, P<0.05). The standardized incidence rate of thyroid cancer in men and women was 11.21/105 and 32.11/105, respectively, Male to female incidence ratio was 1∶3. Thyroid cancer in Qingpu District was mainly concentrated in the 25‒64 age group, accounting for 88.03% of the total incidence. ConclusionFrom 2007 to 2016, the incidence of thyroid cancer in Qingpu District, Shanghai has a significant upward trend. The age of high incidence tends to be younger and the incidence of women is significantly higher than that of men. Corresponding prevention and treatment measures should be formulated in consideration of the discovered incidence characteristics.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E679-E683, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904456

ABSTRACT

Objective To design a kind of customized insole with zonal gradient hardness for people with high arch foot in need of plantar decompression. Methods A functional gradient structure was designed and applied to the customized insole. Porous elements with corresponding elastic modulus were used in different areas of insole. The relationship between structural element parameters and modulus was studied through mechanical tests. The foot geometry and plantar pressure distribution data of volunteers were collected, and the plantar region was divided according to the pressure contour line, so as to assemble the structural unit. Four kinds of customized insoles were designed: ordinary flat insole, optimized flat insole, ordinary full contact insole and optimized full contact insole. Through plantar pressure test experiment, the optimization design of sub region was verified. Results The designed insole could reduce the peak pressure of high arch foot by 52.8% in static standing state and 18.43% in gait condition. Conclusions This method can be used to design customized insoles, such as functional insoles for patients with diabetes and high arch feet, by providing better decompression function. The research findings provide references for conservative treatment of foot diseases with decompression needs.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 253-259, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885749

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of spontaneous rupture of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and to analyze the prognosis of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) in the treatment of spontaneous rupture of HCC.Methods:From January 2008 to December 2018, at Tianjin Third Central Hospital, 126 patients diagnosed with spontaneous rupture of HCC (spontaneous rupture group) and in the same period 252 patients diagnosed as HCC without rupture (non-spontaneous rupture group) were retrospectively selected. Independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test and chi-square test were used to compare the general data, laboratory test results and imaging results between spontaneous rupture group and non-spontaneous rupture group. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of spontaneous rupture of HCC. Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used for survival analysis of 92 patients treated with TAE and 31 patients treated with conservative treatment in patients with spontaneous rupture of HCC, and multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression was used to analyze the independent prognostic factors of patients treated with TAE. Results:The proportions of tumor maximum diameter ≥5 cm, tumors mainly located in segment Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅵ of the liver, tumors protruding height from the surface of liver ≥1 cm, liver cirrhosis and portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in spontaneous rupture group were all higher than those in non-spontaneous rupture group (46.8%, 59/126 vs. 35.7%, 90/252; 61.1%, 77/126 vs. 46.0%, 116/252; 73.0%, 92/126 vs. 18.7%, 47/252; 81.7%, 103/126 vs. 69.0%, 174/252; 20.6%, 26/126 vs. 11.5%, 29/252), and the level of fibrinogen is lower than that in non-spontaneous rupture group ((3.07 ±1.38) g/L vs. (3.92±1.13) g/L), and the differences were statistically significant ( χ2=4.343, 7.644, 106.780, 6.918 and 5.628, t=-3.276, all P<0.05). The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the location of tumors in segment Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, Ⅵ of the liver, the height of tumors protruding from the surface of liver ≥1 cm, liver cirrhosis and the fibrinogen was lower than the lower limit of the reference value were independent risk factors of spontaneous rupture of HCC (odds ratio ( OR)=1.354, 5.726, 1.152, 1.892; 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.062 to 2.008, 1.049 to 19.575, 1.016 to 1.895, 1.267 to 3.346; all P<0.05). Among 92 patients with spontaneous rupture of HCC treated with TAE, the TAE technical success rate and clinical success rate were 100.0% (92/92) and 93.5% (86/92), respectively. Thirty-one patients received conservative treatment. The median survival time of the patients treated with TAE was 243 d (38 d, 377 d), which was about 10 times that of the patients who accepted conservative treatment (23 d (9 d, 51 d)). The 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, 1-year and 3-year survival rates of the patients treated with TAE were 72.8%, 50.8%, 46.0%, 31.1% and 13.6%, respectively, and those of patients who accepted conservative treatment were 25.8%, 17.2%, 11.5%, 5.7% and 0, respectively; and the differences in survival rates between the two groups were statistically significant ( χ2=34.606, P<0.01). Log-rank test analysis showed that initial hemoglobin <60 g/L, C grade of liver function, total bilirubin (TBil)≥50 μmol/L, complicated with portal vein tumor thrombus, hepatic lobe embolism during TAE, and tumor maximum diameter ≥10 cm were all correlated with poor survival rates of patients with spontaneous rupture of HCC after TAE ( χ2=3.752, 4.146, 22.318, 4.087, 5.685 and 7.893, all P<0.05). The results of multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis showed that TBil ≥ 50 μmol/L, hepatic lobe embolism during TAE, and tumor maximum diameter ≥10 cm were independent factors of poor prognosis of spontaneous rupture of HCC treated with TAE ( OR=25.873, 8.415, 18.620; 95% CI 4.916 to 126.005, 1.136 to 27.319, 2.754 to 84.368; all P<0.05). Conclusions:In HCC patients with tumors located in segments Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ and Ⅵ of the liver, the height of tumors protruding from the surface of liver ≥1 cm, liver cirrhosis or the fibrinogen is lower than the lower limit of the reference value, close attention should be paid to the risk of spontaneous tumor rupture. TAE is an effective treatment for acute spontaneous rupture of HCC, and the prognosis of patients treated with TAE is better than that of patients receiving conservative treatment. However, patients with TBil ≥50 μmol/L, hepatic lobe embolism during TAE and tumor maximum diameter ≥10 cm have a poor prognosis after TAE treatment.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882211

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence and death characteristics of cancer and survival rate of residents in Qingpu District, Shanghai from 2012 to 2016, and to provide a scientific basis for subsequent cancer prevention and treatment. Methods:The malignant tumor incidence and death data were collected by the Shanghai Malignant Tumor Case Registration System. Based on these data, the crude incidence and mortality rate of cancer, the standardized rate, the order of incidence and death of the top 10 cancers, and the overall survival rate were calculated using the life table method. The relative survival rate for 1 to 5 years was calculated using the Ederer II method according to survival probability in the abbreviated life table for the same period. The annual percentage change (APC) was calculated by Joinpoint software, and the trend of morbidity and mortality was analyzed. Results:A total of 10 893 new malignant tumor cases were diagnosed in the region from 2012 to 2016. The crude incidence rate of cancer in the whole region was 464.68/100 000 (502.06/100 000 for men and 428.57/100 000 for women), and the standardized incidence rate was 224.61/100 000 (235.52/100 000 for men, and 217.98/100 000 for women). A total of 5 820 people died of cancer, the crude mortality rate of cancer in the whole region was 248.28/100 000 (321.92/100 000 for men and 177.13/100 000 for women), and the standardized mortality rate was 97.08/100 000 (133.14/100 000 for men and 66.38/100 000 for women). Patients with malignant tumors diagnosed in Qingpu District in 2012 showed higher 5-year relative survival for breast cancer (87.03%), malignant tumors of brain and central nervous system (73.62%), and colorectal cancer (58.22%). A relative low 5-year survival rate was observed in patients with pancreatic cancer (3.76%), esophageal cancer (10.55%), and liver cancer (15.79). Conclusion:Lung cancer and malignant tumors of the digestive system (including gastric cancer and colorectal cancer) are the main types of cancer threatening the health of residents in Qingpu District. The survival rates of breast cancer, malignant tumors of brain and central nervous system, and colorectal cancer have reached or approached the level of developed countries. However, the overall survival rate of malignant tumors in Qingpu District is lower than that in the city, and needs to be further improved.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878730

ABSTRACT

In eukaryote cells,transcription from genome DNA is a key process of gene expression.The transcription products contain not only messenger RNAs that code proteins,but also various types of non-coding RNAs.During transcription,some of the gene loci produce more than one kind of RNA molecule,including coding RNAs and more often non-coding RNAs.These gene loci that generate several kinds of RNA molecules are named supergenes.According to the transcription pattern,supergenes are divided into three types,known as types Ⅰ,Ⅱ and Ⅲ.In this review,we summarize the transcription pattern of each type of supergene,and exposit the role of these genes in cells.


Subject(s)
Gene Expression , RNA, Messenger
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942386

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics of patients with different type of laryngopharyngeal reflux disease in order to study the effect of non-acid reflux on laryngopharyngeal reflux disease. Methods: From January 2015 to January 2020, 349 inpatients or outpatients suspected of having laryngopharyngeal reflux underwent 24-hour multichannel intraluminal impedance pH monitoring (MII-pH). There were 303 male and 46 female patients, with an average age of 56.03 years old ranged from 25 to 81 years old. The reflux symptom index (RSI)and reflux findings score(RFS)were recorded before MII-pH monitoring. The number of acid reflux events and non-acid reflux events in hypopharynx were counted. It was defined mainly acid reflux type when the ratio of acid reflux to all reflux events was greater than 50%, mainly non-acid reflux type when the ratio of non-acid reflux to all reflux events was greater than 50%. The clinical characteristics of patients with different type of reflux were compared. SPSS 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis, and multiple independent samples were compared between groups. The quantitative data were analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance, and the counting data were analyzed by chi-square test, the difference was statistically significant when P<0.05. Results: The 24-hour MII-pH showed that there were 90 patients with no reflux events, 51 patients with mainly acid reflux type, 198 patients with mainly non-acid reflux type and 10 patients with equal acid reflux events and non-acid reflux events. Statistics showed that the RSI(10.72±4.40), RFS(7.70±2.73) and the average number of reflux events(0) in the group without reflux events were significantly lower than those in patients with mainly acid reflux type (RSI 13.16±6.62,RFS 10.08±3.03,average number of reflux events 5.33±3.15,P<0.05) and mainly non-acid reflux type(RSI 13.25±5.54,RFS 8.81±2.54,average number of reflux events 7.93±5.26, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in RSI between the mainly non-acid reflux type group and the mainly acid reflux type group, but the RFS of the mainly non-acid reflux type group was significantly lower than that of the mainly acid reflux type group. The average number of reflux events in the mainly non-acid reflux group was significantly higher than that in the mainly acid reflux type group (P<0.05). Conclusion: The results show that non-acid reflux plays a certain role in laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, but the effect of acid reflux is greater.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Female , Humans , Hypopharynx , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Respiratory System
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912078

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influenza vaccination status of chronic disease management patients in Qingpu district of Shanghai and the vaccination characteristics of different characteristic populations, so as to provide scientific basis for improving the influenza vaccination rate of chronic disease patients in the community.Methods:By comparing the data of Shanghai chronic disease management information system, immunization planning information system and medical association platform, 89 453 subjects who met the inclusion and exclusion criteria in Qingpu district were selected as the research objects. The vaccination coverage rate of the study subjects was calculated according to gender, age group, urban and rural distribution, occupation, chronic disease type and quantity, and the vaccination coverage rate of different subgroups was compared to analyze the influencing factors of vaccination coverage rate.Results:Most of the 89 453 patients with chronic diseases were 60 years old and above (71.93%). Patients with hypertension, diabetes, chronic obstructive pulmoriary disease (COPD) and three chronic diseases accounted for 87.12%, 28.67%, 8.71% and 1.83%, respectively. Influenza vaccination coverage in the 2016/2017 flu season was low, at 0.32%. Influenza vaccination coverage rate of women (0.37%) was higher than that of men (0.27%), which was 1.41 times respectively(95% CI: 1.16, 1.72) that of men patients. The coverage rate of influenza vaccination for the 70-79 year-old group was the highest (0.74%), which was 1.74 times respectively(95% CI: 1.39, 2.19) that of 60-69 year-old patients. The vaccination coverage rate of government departments and institutions was the highest (1.14%), which was 12.58 times respectively(95% CI: 4.52, 34.99) that of retirees. The vaccination rate of COPD patients (3.68%) was 2.50 times (95% CI: 1.66, 3.77) higher than that of patients without COPD.Conclusions:Influenza vaccination rate for chronic disease management patients in Qingpu district of Shanghai is low. Gender, occupation, age and types of chronic diseases are the influencing factors. Patients with chronic disease management should be included in the priority vaccination targets for influenza vaccines, and vaccination intervention for occupational chronic diseases such as non-retired agriculture and forestry patients, especially male patients, should be strengthened to improve influenza vaccination coverage rate.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911360

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to investigate the influence of 131I therapy on parathyroid hormone (PTH) in differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients. Methods:Clinical data were collected from 353 DTC patients (121 males and 232 females) with normal initial PTH (baseline PTH) and normal serum calcium who received 131I therapy, and tetany, limbs anesthesia, or paresthesia after the 131I therapy were also collected. Comparisons were performed on the changes of PTH, serum calcium, and serum phosphorus before and after 131I therapy. According to gender, age, histology, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stages, administered activity, and residual thyroid tissue, further analyses were done for the difference of changes of PTH. Paired t-tests and Pearson χ 2 test were used to conduct statistics. Results:No patients suffered from tetany, limbs anesthesia, or paresthesia, etc. PTH showed a significant decrease [(39.83±16.94)μg/L vs (36.98±16.31)μg/L, P<0.01] after the 131I therapy. Serum calcium also decreased mildly [(2.30±0.12)mmol/L vs (2.27±0.14)mmol/L, P<0.01]. There was no significant difference in changes of PTH in gender, age, histology, AJCC stages, administered activity, and residual thyroid tissue. Conclusions:PTH of DTC patients decreased mildly after 131I therapy, and no hypocalcemia occurred. The change of PTH was not associated with sex, age, histology, AJCC stages, administered activity, and residual thyroid tissue.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the association between thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) and differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) metastases detected by post-radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy scan, when stimulated thyroglobulin (sTg) <1 μg/L.Methods:A total of 314 (68 males, 246 females, age (44.5±12.5) years) post-thyroidectomy DTC patients whose sTg <1 μg/L between March 2013 and May 2017 in Henan Cancer Hospital were enrolled retrospectively. Patients underwent 131I whole-body planar imaging ( 131I-WBS) and SPECT/CT imaging 5 d after 131I administration. Iodine avid metastases were compared between TgAb-positive group and TgAb-negative (TgAb<4 kU/L) group. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to assess odds ratio ( OR) for iodine avid metastases in each subgroup (Q1: 4 kU/L≤TgAb≤9.27 kU/L; Q2: 9.27 kU/L<TgAb≤26.75 kU/L; Q3: 26.75 kU/L<TgAb≤101.43 kU/L; Q4: TgAb>101.43 kU/L) of TgAb-positive patients, with the TgAb-negative patients as the reference. χ2 test was used to analyze the data. Results:Iodine avid metastases were found in 16.9% (53/314) of DTC patients and were more frequently in TgAb-positive group with TgAb>26.75 kU/L than TgAb-negative group (26.0%(19/73) vs 13.7%(23/168); χ2=5.382, P=0.02). Most metastases (92.5%, 49/53) occurred in cervical and mediastinal lymph nodes. The OR for iodine avid metastases was obviously high in TgAb-positive patients with 26.75 kU/L<TgAb≤101.43 kU/L ( OR(95% CI): 3.687(1.397-9.733), P=0.008) and with intermediate-high risk of recurrence ( OR(95% CI): 2.489(1.169-5.301), P=0.018), with the TgAb-negative group as the reference. Conclusion:The possibility of functional metastasis should be fully considered during 131I therapy in TgAb-positive DTC patients after surgery who have higher TgAb level and risk stratification, even if sTg<1 μg/L.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828363

ABSTRACT

In order to observe the anti-tumor effect of cinobufotalin on H22 liver cancer mice and to explore its regulatory mechanism, 50 Kunming mice were subcutaneously inoculated with H22 intraperitoneal passage cells under the armpit to establish H22 hepatocellular carcinoma model. They were then randomly divided into model group, cinobufotalin low dose group, cinobufotalin high dose group, cisplatin group and cisplatin+cinobufotalin group, which received 0.01% ethanol solution, 1 mg·kg~(-1) cinobufotalin, 5 mg·kg~(-1) cinobufotalin, 5 mg·kg~(-1) cisplatin, 5 mg·kg~(-1)cisplatin + 5 mg·kg~(-1) cinobufotalin respectively for 10 days. The general condition of mice during the intervention was observed, and the inhibition rate, tumor mass, thymus index, histopathological changes of the tumors, apoptotic rate of the tumors, the expressions of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K), protein kinase B(Akt), apoptosis related gene(Fas), Fas ligand(FasL) mRNA and protein phosphorylated Akt(pAkt) protein in the tumors of each group were compared. The results showed that during the modeling period, the mice showed a decline in food intake, dark fur, poor mental status, and gradually worsened over time. The mental status of mice in each intervention group was improved gradually, especially in the cisplatin+cinobufotalin group. As compared with the model group, the tumor mass of each intervention group was lower(P<0.05). As compared with the cinobufotalin low dose group, the tumor mass was lower and inhibition rate was higher in the cinobufotalin high dose group, cisplatin group and cisplatin+cinobufotalin group(P<0.05). As compared with the cinobufotalin high dose group and the cisplatin group, the tumor mass was lower and the inhibition rate was higher in cisplatin+cinobufotalin group(P<0.05). As compared with the model group, the thymus index was higher in cinobufotalin high dose group and cisplatin + cinobufotalin group, while was lower in cisplatin group(P<0.05). As compared with the cinobufotalin low dose group, the thymus index was higher in the cinobufotalin high dose group and lower in the cisplatin group(P<0.05). As compared with the cinobufotalin high dose group, the thymus index was lower in cisplatin group(P<0.05). As compared with cisplatin group, the thymus index was higher in cisplatin+cinobufotalin group(P<0.05). Pathological staining showed that a large number of heterogeneous cells and mitotic phenomena were observed in the model group. Cell fragments and neutrophils were observed in the tumor tissues of the intervention groups, showing diffuse necrosis, and the diffuse necrosis was more obvious in the cisplatin+cinobufotalin group. As compared with the model group, the apoptotic rate of the tumors and the relative expressions of Fas mRNA and protein were higher in the intervention groups, while the relative expressions of PI3 K, FasL mRNA and protein and the relative expression of pAkt protein were lower in the intervention groups(P<0.05). As compared with the cinobufotalin low dose group, the apoptotic rate of the tumors and relative expression of Fas and protein were higher in the cinobufotalin high dose group, cisplatin group and cisplatin+cinobufotalin group, while the relative expressions of PI3 K, FasL mRNA and protein and pAkt protein were lower(P<0.05). As compared with the cinobufotalin high dose group and the cisplatin group, apoptotic rate of the tumors and the relative expression of Fas mRNA and protein were higher in the cisplatin+cinobufotalin group, while the relative expressions of PI3 K, FasL mRNA and protein and pAkt protein were lower in the cisplatin+cinobufotalin group(P<0.05). In summary, cinobufotalin has significant anti-tumor effect on H22 liver cancer mice, and can enhance the immune function of mice and synergistically enhance the effect of chemotherapy. Its mechanism may be associated with regulating PI3 K/Akt/Fas/FasL signaling pathway related genes and protein expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Bufanolides , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cisplatin , Fas Ligand Protein , Liver Neoplasms , Mice
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876233

ABSTRACT

Objective Serum total prostatic specific antigen (tPSA), free prostatic specific antigen (fPSA), fPSA/tPSA ratio, and prostate cancer-specific antigen density (PSAD) were determined to explore the best identification point, thus improving the specificity of early screening of prostate cancer. Methods The tPSA, fPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia group (n=250) and prostate cancer group (n=92) were tested, and the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to determine the best cutoff value for the evaluation. Results When the cutoff values of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD were at 11.3 mg/L, 0.16, and 0.18 mg/(L·cm3), respectively, the specificity and sensitivity were the best:82.4% and 84.2% for tPSA, 76.9% and 81.7% for fPSA/tPSA, and 83.1% and 80.4% for PSAD.When the best cutoff values of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA, and PSAD were combined in analysis, the specificity and sensitivity of fPSA/tPSA and PSAD combination showed the best result (92.4% and 81.4%, respectively).When the tPSA value was in the range of 4-10 mg/L, the optimal cutoff values of PSAD and fPSA/tPSA were 0.21 mg/(L·cm3) and 0.15, and the specificity and sensitivity reach the best, which were 84.1% and 80.1%, 81.0 % and 80.3%, respectively. Conclusion Combination of tPSA, fPSA/tPSA and PSAD analysis is better than any single of them in early screening of prostate cancer.The specificity and sensitivity of combined use of fPSA/tPSA and PSAD could serve as an optimal screening reference value.

17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 536-540, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the change of peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) expression in the neutrophils of peripheral blood of patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic myeloperoxidase antibody-associated vasculitis (MPO-AAV), and to analyze the relationship between the change and disease activity.Methods:Thirty-nine untreated patients with active MPO-AAV (patient group) and thirty-nine healthy volunteers (control group) were enrolled into this study. The PAD4 expressed on neutrophils was detected by flow cytometry (FCM). The serum neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), fragments from the activated complement C5 (C5a) and anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic myeloperoxidase antibody (MPO-ANCA) were measured by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay (ELISA). Their disease activity was evaluated by Birmingham vasculitis activity score (BVAS). All the detected results were compared between the 2 groups by t test, Spearman correlation analysis and multivariate linear regression analysis were employed to analyze the relationship between BVAS and the Lab test results in patient group. Results:The proportion of neutrophil expressing PAD4, the mean fluorescence intensity (MIF) of PAD4, the levels of NETs and C5a in patient group were significantly higher than those in the control group [(71±11)% vs (26±6)%, t=22.456, P<0.01; (33±4) vs (14±4), t=18.668, P<0.01; (0.62±0.22) vs (0.26±0.15), t=8.466, P<0.01 and (4.6±1.0) vs (2.9±1.0), t=7.697, P<0.01, respectively]. In patient group, BVAS was positively associated with the proportion of PAD4 + neutrophil, MFI of PAD4, the serum level of NETs, C5a and MPO-ANCA ( r=0.843, P<0.01; r=0.821, P<0.01; r=0.411 1, P<0.01; r=0.613, P<0.01 and P=0.790, P<0.01, respectively), however, the results of multiple linear regression analysis showed only the percentage of PAD4 + neutrophils and the level of MPO-ANCA were independent influencing factors on BVAS ( β=0.324 6, P<0.01 and β=0.796, P<0.01, respectively). Conclusion:The percentage of neutrophils expressed PAD4 in the peripheral blood of patient with active MPO-AAV is significantly increased, and it is an independent factor affecting the disease activity. Intervention on this expression might be a potential new pathway for MPO-AAV treatment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867590

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differences of peripheral blood transcriptome between mild and severe influenza A (H1N1) patients, and to find indicators for the assessment of disease severity.Methods:A total of ten patients (five patients with mild disease and five patients with severe disease) diagnosed with H1N1 infection from January to May 2018 at Huashan Hospital, Fudan University in Shanghai were enrolled, and five healthy people were also enrolled as controls. The peripheral blood of patients was collected for transcriptome sequencing at the time when they were first diagnosed. Measurement data were compared using t test or Mann-Whitney U test. The count data were compared using Fisher exact test when appropriate. Data analysis of transcriptome predictions was performed using bioinformatics methods. Results:The platelet counts were significantly different between mild and severe groups ((163.4±21.5 )×10 9/L vs (255.6±52.5)×10 9/L, t=3.636, P=0.007). There were no differences between the two groups in gender, age, white blood cell counts, neutrophil percentage, lymphocyte percentage and hemoglobin levels (all P>0.05). However, the average expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 8 and MMP9 in severe group (18.41 and 174.00, respectively) were both higher than those in mild group (2.33 and 22.91, respectively) and healthy control (1.43 and 34.65, respectively; all P<0.01). Conclusion:MMP8 and MMP9 could be expected to serve as the molecular biological markers for predicting the disease severity in patients with influenza A (H1N1) infection.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Saposhnikoviae Radix on Tongxie Yaofang in regulating water metabolism and 5-serotonin(5-HT) signal system in diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome(IBS-D)rats. Method:The 40 IBS-D SD rats were randomly divided into model group, Tongxie Yaofang wituout Saposhnikoviae Radix group (26 g·kg-1), Tongxie Yaofang decoction group (30 g·kg-1), Tongxie Yaofang with double Saposhnikoviae Radix group (34 g·kg-1),another 10 normal SD rats were selected as the normal group.Except for normal group, the rats in other groups were separated from their mothers and induced by acetic acid to establish D-IBS model. These rats in the each group were administered with corresponding drugs for 14 days. The diarrhea indexs and the water contents of the feces were observed and calculated. The Na+-K+-ATPase activities in the intestinal mucosa were detected by micro method. The contents of 5-HT were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The activities of monoamine oxidase A (MAO-A) were detected by chemiluminescence method. The expressions of aquaporin 4 (AQP4) in colon were detected by immunohistochemistry. Protein expression levels of HT receptor 3 (5-HT3R), HT receptor 4 (5-HT4R) and serotonin transporter (SERT) in hypothalamus and colon were detected by Western blot. Result:Compared with normal group, the fecal water contents, contents of 5-HT in hypothalamus and colon, activities of MAO-A, expressions of 5-HT3R were significantly increased in model group (P<0.01), and the activities of Na+-K+-ATPase, expressions of AQP4, 5-HT4R and SERT were reduced significantly (P<0.01). Compared with model group, the diarrhea indexs and fecal water contents, contents of 5-HT in hypothalamus and colon, activities of MAO-A, expressions of 5-HT3R were significantly decreased in each experimental group, and the activities of Na+-K+-ATPase, expressions of AQP4,5-HT4R and SERT were significantly increased(P<0.05,P<0.01),however, there was no significant difference in the expression of 5-HT3R protein in Tongxie Yaofang wituout Saposhnikoviae Radix group.Compared with Tongxie Yaofang wituout Saposhnikoviae Radix group,the diarrhea index, fecal water content, 5-HT content, MAO-A enzyme activity, and protein expression of 5-HT3R were significantly decreased in Tongxie Yaofang group and Tongxie Yaofang with double Saposhnikoviae Radix group(P<0.05,P<0.01), and the activity of Na+-K+-ATPase and protein expression of SERT were significantly increased(P<0.05,P<0.01). Conclusion:Saposhnikoviae Radix can enhance the effects of Tongxie Yaofang on improving the water metabolism of rats with IBS-D and regulating the multi-target of 5-HT signaling system, further confirming the synergistic effect of Saposhnikoviae Radix.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy of Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with fecal bacteria transplantation on chronic functional constipation with spleen Qi deficiency. Method:A total of 129 patients with chronic functional constipation of spleen Qi deficiency treated in Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were randomly divided into three groups by the computer numerical table method: fecal bacteria transplantation group, Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group, and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with fecal bacteria transplantation group, with 43 cases in each group. Fecal bacteria transplantation group was treated with fecal bacteria, Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group was treated with Liuwei Nengxiao capsule, and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with fecal bacteria transplanted group was treated with Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with fecal bacteria. The efficacy of the 3 groups was compared. Result:After treatment, the frequency and amplitude of intestinal electricity increased significantly in three parts, with statistically significant differences from before treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, the frequency and amplitude of the transverse colon, sigmoid colon, and descending colon of patients in Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with faecal transplantation group were higher than those in faecal transplantation group and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group (P<0.05). After treatment, substance P (SP) and motilin (MTL) of Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with faecal transplantation group were higher than those of faecal transplantation group and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group, while nitric oxide (NO) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) were lower than those of faecal transplantation group and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group (P<0.05). The number of bifidobacteria and lactobacillus after treatment was higher in three groups than before treatment (P<0.05). The numbers of yeast and enterobacteria were lower than before treatment (P<0.05). After treatment, the number of bifidobacteria and lactobacillus in Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with faecal transplantation group was higher than that in faecal transplantation group and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group, whereas the numbers of yeast, and enterobacteria were all lower than those in bacterial transplantation group and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group (P<0.05). After treatment, the BSFS scores of three groups were higher than before the treatment, while Wexner continence grading scale (Wexner) constipation score and patient assessment of constipation quality of life questionnaire (PAC-QOL) score were lower than before treatment (P<0.05). Bristol stool form scale (BSFS) score of Liuwei Nengxiao capsule combined with fecal bacteria transplantation group was higher than that of fecal bacteria transplantation group and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group. Wexner constipation score and PAC-QOL score were lower than those of fecal bacteria transplantation group and Liuwei Nengxiao capsule group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Fecal bacteria transplantation combined with Liuwei Nengxiao capsule can effectively promote the recovery of intestinal electrical function, improve the intestinal flora balance, reduce the intestinal oxidative stress response, and promote the disappearance of patients' symptoms in the treatment of elderly chronic functional constipation, and thus is worth further promotion in clinic application.

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