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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1873-1879, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the down-regulation effect of let-7b-5p on the expression of FTO in acute myeloid leukemia cell line THP-1 and inhibitory effect on THP-1 proliferation via m@*METHODS@#The acute myeloid leukemia cell line THP-1 and the normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) were selected as subjects. The expression of let-7b-5p and FTO mRNA in those cells was detected by qPCR, further the expression of FTO protein in those cells was detected by Western blot. And, the luciferase reporter gene assay was used to verify the targeting effect of let-7b-5p on FTO. Finally, THP-1 cells were transfected respectively with let-7b-5p mimic, and PBMNC with let-7b-5p inhibitor, there after the C-MYC mRNA m@*RESULTS@#Compared with PBMNC, the expression of let-7b-5p in THP-1 significantly decreased, while the expression of FTO was significantly increased (P<0.05). After transfection with let-7b-5p mimic combined with FTO 3'-UTR, the luciferase activity of transfected THP-1 cells significantly decreased, but the luciferase activity significantly increased after transfection with mutant 3'-UTR, which was significantly different from the negative control group(blank vector) (P<0.05). Let-7b-5p inhibitor down-regulated c-MYC mRNA m@*CONCLUSION@#Human acute myeloid leukemia cell line THP-1 low expresses the let-7b-5p, which regulates c-MYC expression through let-7b-5p-/FTO-/m


Subject(s)
Alpha-Ketoglutarate-Dependent Dioxygenase FTO/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Leukemia , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , MicroRNAs/genetics , Signal Transduction , THP-1 Cells
2.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 204-208, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707918

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between dynamic contrast enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) quantitative parameters and pathological grading in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma(SCC). Methods Prospective analysis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma confirmed by electronic gastrointestinal endoscopy was performed. Thirty nine patients who underwent radical resection of esophageal carcinoma with MRI examination one weeks before operation were included. All patients underwent routine chest MRI and DCE-MRI scans, and DCE-MRI quantitative parameters including volume transfer constant (Ktrans), exchange rate constant (Kep) and extravascular extracellular volume fraction(Ve)were measured.Pathological analysis of postoperative specimens,including pathological grading(highly differentiated,moderately differentiated,poorly differentiated,undifferentiated),gross tumor pathological type(ulcerative type,medullary type,fungating type,sclerotic type)and local infiltration degree (T staging) were performed. Kruskal-Wallis H test was used to compare the differences of quantitative parameters between different pathological T staging,gross tumor pathological types and pathological grades of DCE-MRI,and a Dunn-Bonferroni test for post hoc comparisons.Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between DCE-MRI parameters and pathological grading of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.The ROC curves was used to evaluate the efficiency of different parameters in the diagnosis of poorly differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Result Among the thirty nine patients, they were divided into three group according to pathological findings: well differentiated (12 patients),moderately differentiated(15 patients)and poorly differentiated group(12 patients);ulcerative type (19 patients), fungating type(10 patients), medullary type(10 patients);T1, 2 stage(16 patients), T3 stage(14 patients), and T4 stage(9 patients). There was no significant difference in the value of Ktrans, Kepand Ve between different T staging groups and different tumor pathological types groups(all P>0.05).The differences of Ktrans, Kepand Vebetween different pathological grading groups were statistically significant (all P<0.05). There were positive correlation between Ktrans, Kep, Veand the pathological grading, rs value were 0.874, 0.672, 0.578 respectively, all P<0.01. The ROC curve area of Ktrans, Kepand Vein the diagnosis of poorly differentiated esophageal squamous cell carcinoma was 0.941,0.809 and 0.773 respectively.The diagnostic efficiency of Ktranswas the best.Conclusions The quantitative parameters of DCE-MRI are correlated with the pathological grading of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Ktrans, Kepand Vecan reflect the perfusion characteristics of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273750

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish an improved method for stereotactic location of the supraoptic nucleus in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into experimental group (12 rats) and control group (12 rats) for oblique (20° to the left) stereotactic puncture (OSP group) and vertical stereotactic puncture (VSP group), respectively, both targeting the supraoptic nucleus (SON). The surgical data and postoperative (within 24) mortality of the rats were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The nucleus locating time was longer in OSP group than in VSP group (59.55∓3.64s vs 27.44∓2.18 s, P=0.000), and the postoperative mortality rate of the rats did not differ significantly between the groups (0 vs 44.4%, P=0.082). In OSP group, compared with VSP group, the procedure was associated with a lowered rupture rate of the superior sagittal sinus (11.1% vs 88.9%, P=0.003), a shortened hemostatic time after craniotomy (52.89∓24.05 s vs 157.445 ime a s, P=0.000) and after puncture (24.33 reas 45 s vs 133.89∓28.81 s, P=0.000), and also a shortened operation time (178.89 on tims vs 362.44 timees, P=0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The improved method for locating supraoptic nucleus in rats is convenient, stable and reproducible, and helps to avoid important blood vessels and specific nuclei according to the needs of different experiments and allows the operators to choose different surgical paths.</p>

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 505-510, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610959

ABSTRACT

Objective To prospectively determine the feasibility of high-resolution in vivo MR imaging in the evaluation of esophageal carcinoma invasion at 3.0 T.Methods One hundred and eighteen patients with esophageal carcinoma,proven by the gastroscopic biopsy,were prospectively studied using 3.0 T MR.The esophageal specimens were sectioned transversely to keep consistent in the orientation with the MR images,the histopathological stage was made and the thickness of the tumor on the largest diameter of the slice were measured.The MR images were reviewed in the transverse plane.According to the seventh American joint committee on cancer,the MR stage was made and the tumor's thickness was measured.The MR images and the histopathological slices were matched.The staging diagnostic efficacy of the MR imaging was evaluated with the histopathological results as the standard reference,Kappa test was used to compare the stage of MR imaging with that at the histopathological analysis.Bland-Altman scatterplots were used to compare the thickness of tumor measured on the MR images with that at the histopathological measurement.Results Ninety seven cases(82.2%,97/118) of MR stage were accurately made,including 7 T1a,15 T1b,18 T2,25 T3 and 32 T4a cases,furthermore,14 cases were over staged and 7 cased were underestimated.The MR stage was highly consistent with the histopathological stage (Kappa=0.772).The sensitivity for the staging of high-resolution MR imaging at 3.0 T was 58.3%(7/12) to 100.0%(32/32),the specificity was 95.3% (82/86) to 98.1% (104/106),and the accuracy was 91.5% (108/118) to 96.6% (114/118),respectively.Bland-Altman scatterplots demonstrated that the discrepancy of the mean thickness between the value obtained by three radiologists respectively and the histopathological analysis were 2.0,2.6 and 2.1 mm,which demonstrated a good consistency.Conclusion High-resolution MR images obtained at 3.0 T can be used to evaluate the depth of carcinoma invasion and provide excellent diagnostic accuracy for preoperative staging.

5.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1090-1093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-662795

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety of Parecoxib Sodium for Injection.Methods Systemic active anaphylaxis test:Guinea pigs were injected respectively with Parecoxib Sodium for Injection (test sample,20 mg/mL),primary control,sodium chloride injection or human serum albumin,once every other day,continuously for three times.After 14 and 21 d from the end time of sensitization,to stimulation and to observe whether allergic reactions occurred within 30 mins.Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis test:Guinea pigs were received 0.1 mL antiserum injection for inducing passive sensitization,after 24 h of that we stimulated the guinea pigs,and the guinea pigs were sacrificed after 30 mins to examine the diameter of blue spots.Blood vessel irritation test:After continuous ear Ⅳ test sample for 5 d,HE staining was performed at the end of the administration and recovery period,and the stimulation of the blood vessel at the site of injection was observed.Hemolysis or agglutination of Parecoxib Sodium for Injection was examined by in vitro methods.Results Under the dosage of 20 mg/mL,guinea pigs showed no systemic allergy and passive skin allergy,and no hemolysis,agglutination,and irritation of vascular was observed.Conclusion Under the present experimental conditions,20 mg/mL Parecoxib Sodium for Injection shows no obvious allergic reactions,irritation and hemolysis,is safe.

6.
Drug Evaluation Research ; (6): 1090-1093, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660753

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the safety of Parecoxib Sodium for Injection.Methods Systemic active anaphylaxis test:Guinea pigs were injected respectively with Parecoxib Sodium for Injection (test sample,20 mg/mL),primary control,sodium chloride injection or human serum albumin,once every other day,continuously for three times.After 14 and 21 d from the end time of sensitization,to stimulation and to observe whether allergic reactions occurred within 30 mins.Passive cutaneous anaphylaxis test:Guinea pigs were received 0.1 mL antiserum injection for inducing passive sensitization,after 24 h of that we stimulated the guinea pigs,and the guinea pigs were sacrificed after 30 mins to examine the diameter of blue spots.Blood vessel irritation test:After continuous ear Ⅳ test sample for 5 d,HE staining was performed at the end of the administration and recovery period,and the stimulation of the blood vessel at the site of injection was observed.Hemolysis or agglutination of Parecoxib Sodium for Injection was examined by in vitro methods.Results Under the dosage of 20 mg/mL,guinea pigs showed no systemic allergy and passive skin allergy,and no hemolysis,agglutination,and irritation of vascular was observed.Conclusion Under the present experimental conditions,20 mg/mL Parecoxib Sodium for Injection shows no obvious allergic reactions,irritation and hemolysis,is safe.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659977

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of monosodium tetrahexose ganglioside sodium (GM-1) combined with edaravone in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction (ACI) in patients with serum homocysteine (Hcy), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP). Methods 66 patients with ACI were randomly divided into observation group and control group, 33 cases were treated with conventional neurology. The control group was treated with edaravone. The observation group was treated with edaravone and GM-1. (NIHSS) score, serum hs-CRP and Hcy levels were compared between the two groups. Results The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.91%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). After 21 days of treatment, the NIHSS score, serum Hcy and hs-CRP in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05 ). Conclusion GM-1 combined with edaravone is effective in the treatment of ACI, which can promote the rehabilitation of neurological function and living activity. Its mechanism may be related to its anti-inflammatory response, reduced Hcy level and protection of brain cell injury.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657666

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of monosodium tetrahexose ganglioside sodium (GM-1) combined with edaravone in the treatment of acute cerebral infarction (ACI) in patients with serum homocysteine (Hcy), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP). Methods 66 patients with ACI were randomly divided into observation group and control group, 33 cases were treated with conventional neurology. The control group was treated with edaravone. The observation group was treated with edaravone and GM-1. (NIHSS) score, serum hs-CRP and Hcy levels were compared between the two groups. Results The total effective rate of the observation group was 90.91%, which was significantly higher than that of the control group (P<0.05). After 21 days of treatment, the NIHSS score, serum Hcy and hs-CRP in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05 ). Conclusion GM-1 combined with edaravone is effective in the treatment of ACI, which can promote the rehabilitation of neurological function and living activity. Its mechanism may be related to its anti-inflammatory response, reduced Hcy level and protection of brain cell injury.

9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 665-668,647, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604207

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate changes of the elastic modulus of astrocytes induced by injury. Methods The astrocytes were isolated and extracted from the 2-day old SD rats, and identified by immunofluorescence staining with glial fiber acidic protein (GFAP) antibody. Cells were divided into control group and injured group. The injured group was astrocytes 6 h after being injured by the cell damage instrument. The control group was astrocytes without any injury. The elastic modulus in liquid phase was tested by atomic force microscope in two groups. Results were compared and analyzed between two groups. Results The purification rate of rat astrocytes was more than 95%. Six hours after the injury, the astrocytes were in disorder, and some of cell bodies were swelling. The mechanical topographic maps and force indentation curves were obtained. The elastic modulus of astrocytes was significantly increased in injured group compared with that of control group[(1 689±693) Pa vs. (724±283) Pa, P<0.01]. Conclusion The injury stimulus increases the elastic modulus of astrocytes, which provides theoretical basis for understanding intracranial physical microenvironment after traumatic brain injury in animal experiments.

10.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 271-275, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152416

ABSTRACT

We reported a technical report of traumatic lower cervical spondylolisthesisca used by bilateral pedicle fracture, without neurological compression. The patient was treated with the minimally invasive technique of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation. Fracture healing and normal cervical motion were confirmed by plain films and physical examinations on the 18-monthpostoperatively. The technique of percutaneous pedicle screw fixation might be an alternative strategy for the treatment of traumatic lower cervical spondylolisthesis with pedicle fracture.


Subject(s)
Cervical Vertebrae , Female , Fracture Healing , Humans , Physical Examination , Spondylolisthesis
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287473

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of different anesthesia ways on endorphin and hemodynamics of laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients in the perioperative phase.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 90 laparoscopic cholecystectomy patients, 29 to 80 years old, were randomly assigned to Group A (treated with electroacupuncture at acupoints combined general anesthesia), Group B (treated with electroacupuncture at non-acupoints combined general anesthesia), and Group C (treated with general anesthesia) according to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II, 30 cases in each group. All patients were induced by 3 microg/kg Fentanyl (Fen), 2 mg/kg Propofol (Pro), and 0.1 mg/kg Vecuronium (Vcr). Bispectral index (BIS), being 40 -65, indicated the state of general anesthesia. The anesthesia was maintained by intravenous injecting Pro, interruptedly intravenous injecting Fen and Vcr. Each patient received patient controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) after operation. On these bases, patients in Group A received electrical acupuncture at bilateral Hegu (LI4), Neiguan (PC6), Quchi (Ll11), Zusanli (ST36), and Yanglingquan (GB34). Patients in Group B received electrical acupuncture at the points beside acupoints. The electroacupuncture was lasted from 15 -30 min before anesthesia induction to the end of the operation in Group A and B. The heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), cardiac index (CI), cardiac output (CO), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), and acceleration index (ACI) were recorded before anesthesia induction, immediate before pneumoperitoneum, 5 min after pneumoperitoneum, excision of gallbladder, and at the end of operation. The time consumption from discontinuation to spontaneously breathing recovery, analeptic, and extubation were recorded. The blood samples (3 mL each time) were collected from the peripheral vein before anesthesia induction, 2 h after operation, the 1st day after operation, and the 3rd day after operation to detect the beta-endorphin (beta-EP) level. The visual analogue scale (VAS) were observed and recorded in the 3 groups at post-operative 4, 6, 8, 24, and 44 h, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) Compared with before anesthesia induction in the same group, the CI, CO, ACI of all patients decreased significantly at 5 min after pneumoperitoneum and at excision of gallbladder (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The HR, MAP, SVRI obviously increased in Group B and Group C at each time point (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). Less change happened in Group A. Compared with Group C, the increment of MAP was less in Group A at 5 min after pneumoperitoneum, showing statistical difference (P < 0.05). (2) The time consumption from discontinuation to analeptic and extubation was obviously shorter in Group A than in Group B and Group C (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). (3) The level of beta-EP on the 1st day of operation was significantly lower in Group A than in Group B (P < 0.05) and Group C (P < 0.01). (4) The VAS score at post-operative 44 h was significantly lower in Group A than in Group B and Group C (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Electroacupuncture at acupoints combined general anesthesia could maintain the stabilization of haemodynamics, and relieve the stress reaction after pneumoperitoneum and operation, and prolong it to early post-operative period, and strengthen the effects of post-operative analgesia. The post-operative recovery was fast, safe, and reliable.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Analgesia , Adult , Aged , Anesthesia, General , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Electroacupuncture , Endorphins , Blood , Female , Hemodynamics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Perioperative Period
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 873-876, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284267

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy and feasibility of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with docetaxel plus cisplatin or with cisplatin plus fluorouracil in the treatment of local advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 154 cases in the stage of cT3N0-1M0 were randomly assigned to two arms. The arm A received 2 cycles of doctaxel 75 mg/m(2) plus cisplatin 25 mg/m(2) d1-3 and 40 Gy of radiation therapy, and the arm B received 2 cycles of cisplatin 25 mg/m(2) d1-3 plus fluorouracil 600 mg/m(2) d1 ∼ 5 and 40 Gy of radiation therapy. The surgery was performed 3 - 4 weeks later.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Grade 3/4 toxicities occurred in 53.2% of the patients in arm A and in 36.4% of the patients in arm B (P = 0.035). Neutropenia occurred in 20.7% of the patients in arm A and 5.6% of the patients in arm B (P = 0.004). Nine patients aborted surgery due to tumor progression. 71 patients underwent resection in 73 cases of the arm A and 69 patients underwent complete resection, 70 patients underwent resection in 72 cases and 70 complete resection of the arm B, respectively (P > 0.05). No mortality was noted. The overall complication rate was similar in the two arms (21.9% vs. 23.6%). Pathological complete response was achieved in 27 patients (35.1%) in the arm A and 16 patients (20.8%) in the arm B (P = 0.048).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with docetaxel plus cisplatin can be well tolerated and achieves a higher pathological complete response rate than with cisplatin plus fluorouracil.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Pathology , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin , Esophageal Neoplasms , Pathology , General Surgery , Therapeutics , Female , Fluorouracil , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Neutropenia , Radiotherapy, High-Energy , Remission Induction , Taxoids , Vomiting
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263357

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression of Hippo signaling pathway core element MST1 gene in acute leukemia (AL) patients, and explore its relation with AL pathogenesis and prognosis. 50 newly diagnosed patients with AL, 33 normal people, 23 patients with AL in complete remission, 12 refractory or relapsed patients were tested for the expression of MST1 gene by real-time quantitative PCR, Western blot was used to further validate the level of MST1 protein expression. And combined with clinical data, prognostic factors of the patients were analyzed. The results indicated that compared with the normal people, the expression level of MST1 in newly diagnosed patients with AL significantly decreased (P < 0.05), but significantly increased in AL patients with complete remission (CR), the difference of expression was statistically significant before CR and after CR (P < 0.05). Compared with refractory or relapsed patients, the expression level of MST1 gene in newly diagnosed patients was not significantly different (P > 0.05). Besides, the expression level of MST1 between the patients with CR and the normal people was not significantly different (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the low expression of MST1 may be related with the pathogenesis and prognosis of AL.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Humans , Leukemia , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321254

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate safety and feasibility of circular staplers in cervical esophagogastrostomy after esophageal cancer resection.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of patients with esophageal carcinoma were analyzed retrospectively. These patients underwent esophagectomy and cervical esophagogastrostomy with mechanical staplers from August 2009 to April 2011 in the Henan Provincial People's Hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 202 patients had the anastomosis performed successfully except for one case who had esophageal tear during anastomosis and required hand-sewn repair. There was no operative mortality. Six patients developed cervical anastomotic leakage after operation, and all were treated conservatively. There was no thoracic anastomotic leakage and other complications related to anastomosis. Two patients had obvious gastroesophageal reflux. After a median of 10.2 months of follow-up, there was no anastomotic stricture.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Circular mechanical stapling in cervical esophagogastric anastomosis is a safe and feasible operative procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Esophageal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Esophagectomy , Methods , Esophagus , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Stomach , General Surgery , Sutures
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244933

ABSTRACT

MicroRNA abnormality is closely related to the development of acute leukemia. This study was aimed to investigate the differential expression of miR-143 in bone marrow cells between patients with acute leukemia and normal people. Bone marrow cells from 50 AL patients and 20 normal people were collected respectively and the total RNA was isolated routinely. The quantitative real-time PCR (Q-PCR) method was used to detect the expression levels of miR-143 in these specimens. The results showed that compared with the normal people, the expression of miR-143 in AL patients was significantly decreased (p < 0.05), which significantly increased after complete remission; besides, the expression of miR-143 was negatively correlated with the expression of DNMT3A mRNA, a known target gene of miR-143. It is concluded that the expression of miR-143 in bone marrow cells of AL patients is down-regulated which may be related with the development of acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Child , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Humans , Leukemia , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244899

ABSTRACT

This study was to purposed to explore the methylation status changes of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island and its relevance with occurrence of hematologic malignancies. The methylation status of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island in 9 NB4, HL-60 U937, Raji, CA46, Jurkat, K562, CEM and Molt4 hematologic malignant cell lines was detected by using methylation-specific PCR, the methylation status of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated by M. sssI enzyme and the methylation status of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG island in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells untreated were used as positive and negative controls respectively. The results showed that the hypermethylation of IEX-1 gene promoter CpG islands was detected in NB4, Molt4 and Raji cell lines, as well as in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells treated by M. sssl enzyme; the partial methylation status was found in CA46, CEM, U937, K562, HL-60 and Jurkat cell lines; the unmethylation status was observed in untreated normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells. It is concluded that the changes of methylation status of gene IEX-1 promoter CpG island correlates with hematologic malignancies to a certain extent.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hematologic Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Pathology , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Promoter Regions, Genetic
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-344666

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effectiveness of open reduction and internal fixation and repair of palmar ligment in treating trans-scaphoid perilunate dislocation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From June 1995 to June 2001,14 patients with trans-scaphoid perilunate dislocation were treated with open reduction and internal fixation and repair of palmar ligment. Among them,there were 13 males and 1 female,the ranging in age from 21 to 38 years,averaged 25.4 years. All patients were posterior dislocation and all operations were performed within 2 weeks after injury.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up from 24 to 60 months with an average of 28.3 months. Thirteen scaphoid fractures were primary healed and functions of wrist joint were good. Bone disunion was found in 1 case and part functions of wrist joint were limited. No found necrosis of lunate and scaphoid. According to clinical scoring system of Cooney, 9 case got excellent results, 3 good, 1 fair and 1 poor.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Open reduction and internal fixation and repair of palmar ligament is effective in treating trans-scaphoid perilunate dislocation,which can early provide steady fixation for scaphoid,and profit to recover blood supply of lunatum and subterminal scaphoid.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Early Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Diagnosis , General Surgery , Lunate Bone , Wounds and Injuries , Male , Recovery of Function , Scaphoid Bone , Wounds and Injuries , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1484-1488, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332333

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the effect of As(2)O(3) on the demethylation of anti-oncogene-hdpr1 gene of acute lymphoblastic leukemia cell line Jurkat in vitro and its mechanism. The inhibitory effect of As(2)O(3) on the proliferation of Jurkat cells was assayed by CCK-8; the change of Jurkat cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry before and after using As(2)O(3); the effect of As(2)O(3) on the methylation model of hdpr1 gene was analyzed by methylation-specific PCR, and the effect of As(2)O(3) on the expression of hdpr1 mRNA was analyzed by semiquantitative RT-PCR. The results showed that the proliferation rate of Jurkat cells was decreased significantly after being treated with As(2)O(3), and in dose-and time-dependent manner; As(2)O(3) blocked Jurkat cell cycle in G(0)/G(1) phase in dose-dependent manner. As(2)O(3) could reverse hypermethylation of hdpr1 gene and induce its mRNA reexpression, and down-regulate the dnmt1, dnmt3a, dnmt3b mRNA expression level also in dose-dependent manner. It is concluded that the As(2)O(3) suppresses the proliferation of Jurkat cells and blocks cell cycle is G(0)/G(1), its possible mechanism may be down-regulating mRNA expression level of dnmt1, dnmt3a and dnmt3b, induce demethylation of hdpr1 gene from abnormal hypermethylation status and activates its reexpression.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , DNA Methylation , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Humans , Jurkat Cells , Nuclear Proteins , Genetics , Oxides , Pharmacology
19.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 159-165, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334757

ABSTRACT

In 2007, an outbreak of hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) occurred in Jungar Banner, Erdos city, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China Fever, vesicular exanthema on the hands, feet, mouth, and buttocks were presented in most of the patients. Most of the patients were infants less than 5 years old, and an obvious peak period appeared in the disease outbreak. From 28 hospitalized patients, 23 stool specimens and 6 throat swab specimens were collected for enterovirus isolation, and 15 enteroviruses were isolated, 9 were identified as Human Enterovirus 71 (HEV71, the isolation rate is 31.03%) and 1 was identified as Coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16). According to the comprehensive analysis of clinical manifestation, epidemiology data and laboratory results, this outbreak was probably mainly caused by HEV71. The variability at nucleotide acid level and amino acid level among 9 HEV71 was relatively low, and the homology was more than 99.4% and 99.0% respectively, showing that this outbreak was caused by only one viral transmission chain. Phylogenetic analysis of 9 HEV71 strains isolated during this outbreak revealed that they all belonged to subgenotype C4, which has been continuously circulating in mainland China since its first reported occurrence in Shenzhen City in 1998. It was also suggested that subgenotype C4 HEV71 had a widely distribution and transmission in mainland China.


Subject(s)
China , Epidemiology , Enterovirus , Physiology , Enterovirus A, Human , Classification , Genetics , Physiology , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, DNA
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343372

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the efficiency of nested methylation specific polymerase chain reaction (nMS-PCR) for detecting the APC gene promoter methylation and to clarify the roles of methylation in genesis and development of hematologic malignancies, as well as to screen the hematologic malignant cell lines with hypermethylation of APC gene promoter to use as an ideal cell model for exploring the relationship between gen methylation and gene expression. The genome DNA of 10 cell lines modified with bisulfide was amplified and the methylation status of APC gene promoter was detected by using nMS-PCR. The results showed that the methylation of APC gene promoter was detected in Jurkat cells, while could not be detected in CA46, U266, Molt4, K562, HL-60, CEM, AKR, U937 and Raji cell lines. In conclusion, APC gene methylation in hematological malignant cell lines can be accurately detected by nMS-PCP method, which is simple method for detecting methylation status of various hematological malignant cell lines.


Subject(s)
DNA Methylation , Genes, APC , HL-60 Cells , Humans , K562 Cells , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Methods , Promoter Regions, Genetic
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