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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875487

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease (iMCD) comprises approximately 30% of all cases of Castleman disease. It is characterized by constitutional symptoms, enlarged lymph nodes at multiple anatomical sites, and laboratory test abnormalities, which are primarily related to the overproduction of interleukin 6 (IL-6). Siltuximab is a human-mouse chimeric immunoglobulin G1κ monoclonal antibody against human IL-6. In view of the limited treatment options for iMCD, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of siltuximab in the management of this condition. @*Methods@#In this real-world retrospective study, we administered siltuximab to 15 patients with iMCD who previously received conventional chemotherapy and/or steroid pulse therapy. The median time to a durable symptomatic response was 22 days (range, 17 to 56). The serum hemoglobin and albumin levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rates significantly normalized after the first 3 months of siltuximab treatment. Lymph node involution, assessed using imaging, was relatively gradual, demonstrating a complete or partial response at 6 months. @*Results@#On an average, the improvements in clinical, laboratory, and radiologic parameters of iMCD in responders were observed after one, three, and eight cycles of siltuximab treatment, respectively. Siltuximab demonstrated a favorable safety profile, and prolonged treatment was well-tolerated. @*Conclusions@#Despite the small sample size of the present study, the results are encouraging and demonstrate the potential of siltuximab as the first-line treatment of iMCD. Further large multicenter studies are needed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and adverse events associated with siltuximab.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831569

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) constitutes 10%–20% of all malignant lymphomas and has a high cure rate (5-year survival, around 90%). Recently, interest has increased concerning preventing secondary complications (secondary cancer, endocrine disorders) in long-term survivors. We aimed to study the epidemiologic features and therapeutic outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. @*Methods@#We performed a multicenter, retrospective study of 224 patients aged < 25 years diagnosed with HL at 22 participating institutes in Korea from January 2007 to August 2016. @*Results@#A higher percentage of males was diagnosed at a younger age. Nodular sclerosis histopathological HL subtype was most common, followed by mixed cellularity subtype.Eighty-one (36.2%), 101 (45.1%), and 42 (18.8%) patients were classified into low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively. Doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine was the most common protocol (n = 102, 45.5%). Event-free survival rate was 86.0% ± 2.4%, while five-year overall survival (OS) rate was 96.1% ± 1.4%: 98.7% ± 1.3%, 97.7% ± 1.6%, and 86.5% ± 5.6% in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively (P = 0.021). Five-year OS was worse in patients with B-symptoms, stage IV disease, highrisk, splenic involvement, extra-nodal lymphoma, and elevated lactate dehydrogenase level.In multivariate analysis, B-symptoms and extra-nodal involvement were prognostic factors for poor OS. Late complications of endocrine disorders and secondary malignancy were observed in 17 and 6 patients, respectively. @*Conclusion@#This is the first study on the epidemiology and treatment outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. Future prospective studies are indicated to develop therapies that minimize treatment toxicity while maximizing cure rates in children, adolescents, and young adults with HL.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786482

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is the standard imaging modality for response evaluation in FDG-avid lymphoma, but the prognostic value is not established in follicular lymphoma (FL). This study investigated the prognostic value of Deauville 5-point scale (D5PS) from paired interim PET/CT (PET(Interim)) and end-of-induction therapy PET/CT (PET(EOI)) in patients with FL.METHODS: FL staging and response assessment PET/CT images from 2013 to 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. PET(Interim) was performed 3 or 4 cycles after chemotherapy and PET(EOI) after 6 or 8 cycles. D5PS scores of 1, 2, and 3 were considered as negative (−), and scores 4 and 5 were considered as positive (+). Statistical analysis was done using Cox regression analysis, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and the log-rank test.RESULTS: Thirty-three patients with set of baseline, interim, and end-of-induction therapy PET/CTstudies were included. Ten patients (30.3%) had progression. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 38.8 months (range 3.5–72.7 months). On PET(Interim), 23 patients were negative and 10 were positive. On PET(EOI) scans, 29 patients were negative, and 4 were positive. On multivariate analysis, PET(EOI)(−) was associated with longer PFS. PET(Interim)(+) and PET(EOI)(+) patients had a significantly shorter PFS than PET(Interim)(−) patients (39.9 months, 95%confidence interval [CI] 23.0–56.9, versus 55.5months, 95%CI 49.7–61.2, p=0.005) and PET(EOI)(−) patients (14.2 months, 95% CI 8.5–19.8, versus 60.5 months, 95% CI 52.1–69.0, p<0.001).CONCLUSION: For patients with FL, PET(Interim) and PET(EOI) response is predictive of PFS, and PET(EOI)(+) is an independent prognostic factor for progression of FL.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Electrons , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Follicular , Multivariate Analysis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adoptive therapy with regulatory T (Treg) cells to prevent graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) would benefit from a strategy to improve homing to the sites of inflammation following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Although donor-derived Treg cells have mainly been used in these models, third-party-derived Treg cells are a promising alternative for cell-based immunotherapy, as they can be screened for pathogens and cell activity, and banked for GVHD prevention. In this study, we explored major histocompatibility complex (MHC) disparities between Treg cells and conventional T cells in HSCT to evaluate the impact of these different cell populations on the prevention of acute GVHD, as well as survival after allogeneic transplantation. METHODS: To induce acute GVHD, lethally irradiated BALB/c (H-2d) mice were transplanted with 5 × 10⁵ T cell-depleted bone marrow cells and 5 × 10⁵ CD4+CD25– splenic T cells from C57BL/6 (H-2b) mice. Recipients were injected with 5 × 10⁵ cultured donor-, host-, or third-party-derived CD4+CD25+CD62L+ Treg cells (bone marrow transplantation + day 1). RESULTS: Systemic infusion of three groups of Treg cell improved clinicopathological manifestations and survival in an acute GVHD model. Although donor-derived Treg cells were immunologically the most effective, the third-party-derived Treg cell therapy group displayed equal regulation of expansion of CD4+CD25+- Foxp3+ Treg cells and suppressive CD4+IL-17+ T-helper (Th17) cells in ex vivo assays compared with the donor- and host-derived groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate that the use of third-party Treg cells is a viable alternative to donor-derived Treg cellular therapy in clinical settings, in which human leukocyte antigen-matched donors are not always readily available.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunotherapy , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Major Histocompatibility Complex , Mice , T-Lymphocytes , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Tissue Donors , Transplantation, Homologous
5.
Blood Research ; : 123-129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714932

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of darbepoetin alfa (DA) on hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and the need for transfusions in multiple myeloma (MM) patients receiving chemotherapy with novel agents. METHODS: Of 251 patients with MM who received DA therapy for at least 4 weeks, 142 who did not receive RBC transfusion during 4 weeks after DA initiation and started DA therapy at baseline Hb <10.0 g/dL were analyzed. RESULTS: After 4 weeks of DA therapy, 80 (60.6%) of 132 patients with evaluable data had Hb that increased ≥1.0 g/dL from baseline, while 50 (37.9%) had Hb that increased ≥2.0 g/dL from baseline. Pretreatment Hb level did not correlate with the proportion of patients with increased Hb. The median duration of DA therapy was 9.0 weeks. At the end of DA therapy, of 135 patients with evaluable data, 86 (60.6%) had Hb that increased ≥1.0 g/dL from baseline, while 67 (47.2%) had Hb that increased ≥2.0 g/dL from baseline. Stage III disease according to the International Staging System and absence of myeloma bone disease at diagnosis were independent predictors of higher Hb response during early DA therapy. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated the efficacy of DA therapy in a homogeneous group of MM patients receiving chemotherapy. DA therapy significantly increased Hb concentration, regardless of baseline Hb level.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Bone Diseases , Darbepoetin alfa , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Erythropoietin , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714802

ABSTRACT

Lymphoproliferative disorder in a posttransplant setting has emerged as a difficult problem in kidney transplantation (KT). Lymphoma involving adnexa of the eye has rarely been reported due to scarcity of lymphoreticular tissue in the ocular area. This report presents a case of a 37-year-old KT recipient who was diagnosed with conjunctival mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma with a chief complaint of seeing black spots. Unlike other post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation via immunosuppression, the lesion was not related to the virus. The patient received radiotherapy with concomitant conversion from the tacrolimus to the sirolimus. Overall, the results presented herein indicate lymphoma may be an important differential diagnosis when KT recipients complain of ocular discomfort.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Immunosuppression , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Radiotherapy , Sirolimus , Tacrolimus , Transplant Recipients
7.
Blood Research ; : 174-183, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185281

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Standard remission induction chemotherapy consisting of anthracycline plus cytarabine (3+7) is administered for adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the effects of intensified regimen on complete remission (CR), relapse and overall survival (OS) remain unknown. METHODS: We analyzed 1195 patients treated with idarubicin plus cytarabine/BHAC (3+7) from 2002 to 2013. Among them, 731 received early intensification with 3-day cytarabine/BHAC (3+10, N=363) or 2-day idarubicin plus cytarabine/BHAC 3 days (5+10, N=368). The 3+10 and 5+10 strategies were applied to patients with bone marrow blast counts of 5–20% and >20% on day 7 of 3+7, respectively. RESULTS: Early intensification correlated with a younger age (median: 40 vs. 45 yr) and higher t(8;21) frequency (20.4% vs. 7.1%), compared to 3+7. After early intensification, the early death rates were higher among the elderly (3+10 [15.7%], 5+10 [21.7%] vs. 3+7 [6.3%], P=0.038), while the post-induction CR rate was higher in young patients (3+10 [79.8%], 5+10 [75.1%] vs. 3+7 [65.1%], P<0.001). Early relapse rate was also decreased (3+10 [11.8%], 5+10 [11.7%] vs. 3+7 [22.0%], P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, early intensification correlated with an inferior 5-year OS among elderly patients (19.2% vs. 22.8%; hazard ratio [HR]=1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI]; 1.11–3.06, P=0.018) and lower overall relapse rate among young patients (33.0% vs. 41.4%, P=0.023; HR=0.71, 95% CI; 0.55–0.93, P=0.012). CONCLUSION: Early intensification correlated with higher CR and lower relapse rates, but not OS in young AML patients. In elderly patients, early intensification correlated with a higher early death rate and poorer OS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow , Cytarabine , Drug Therapy , Humans , Idarubicin , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
9.
Immune Network ; : 250-260, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22200

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study aimed to compare the clinical features of paramedullary lesions (PLs) and extramedullary lesions (ELs) of plasmacytomas at diagnosis, using positron emission tomography integrated with computed tomography, using glucose labeled with the positron-emitting radionuclide ¹⁸F (¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), and to address their prognostic impact. Sixty-four patients with NDMM presenting ELs (n=22) and/or PLs (n=42) were included. Patients with ELs at initial presentation had unfavorable laboratory parameters of calcium and lactate dehydrogenase, a higher percentage of bone marrow plasma cells, and showed a trend toward advanced international staging system (ISS), compared to patients with PLs. Using X-ray imaging, high bone disease (HBD) was observed in 50% and 71% of patients with ELs and PLs, respectively. After a median follow-up of 29.2 months (range, 3.4–76.5 months) in survivors, patients with ELs had a significantly lower overall survival (OS) (p=0.033) than patients with PLs did, whereas the progression-free survival (PFS) did not differ significantly (p=0.818). However, the PFS after 1(st) progression was significantly worse in patients with ELs than in those with PLs (p=0.017). In the multivariate analyses, the negative impact of initial ELs on OS (p=0.033) was sustained. Our results demonstrated the different clinical features and outcomes of ELs and PLs in NDMM. Patients with initial ELs showed a shorter PFS after 1(st) progression, which translated into poor OS, providing insight into the different biological effect of ELs.


Subject(s)
Bone Diseases , Bone Marrow , Calcium , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Glucose , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , Plasma Cells , Plasmacytoma , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Survivors
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, large cohort studies regarding associations between autoimmune disease and lymphomas have been reported in a few Western countries. However, Asian data concerning autoimmune-related lymphomas are limited. Therefore, we evaluated the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with autoimmune disease-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in a single center in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the data from 11 patients with autoimmune-related NHL. Patients were categorized into two groups, those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and those with non-RA-related NHL. Then patients were re-categorized into a group with methotrexate (MTX) usage and a MTX non-usage group. Histological subtype, MTX duration, autoimmune disease duration, treatment modalities, and other data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Our study revealed that older RA patients have a greater likelihood of occurrence of NHL (p = 0.042). We confirmed that MTX duration and cumulative dose of MTX have no significant correlation with autoimmune disease and NHL (p = 0.073). In the management of autoimmune disease-related NHL, all patients were directly treated with systemic chemotherapy instead of employing a wait and watch approach. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in all autoimmune disease-related NHL were 100% and 87.5%, with no treatment-related mortality during the 2-year follow-up period of our study. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that patients with RA-NHL are characterized by older age at onset compared to those with non-RA-NHL. Also considering of OS and PFS, intensive treatment strategy instead of delayed watchful managements may be required for autoimmune disease-related NHL including of old age group.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Autoimmune Diseases , Clinical Study , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Methotrexate , Mortality , Retrospective Studies
11.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 273-279, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33374

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although each Waldeyer’s ring sub-site is considered an independent prognostic factor, few studies have assessed the prognosis and treatment of tonsillar lymphoma. Treatment outcomes were analyzed in patients with primary tonsillar lymphoma who were treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy (RT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were evaluated, with a median follow-up of 53 months. Age, sex, and histology, amongst other factors, were reviewed. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were analyzed. RESULTS: Most patients had Ann Arbor stage I-II (94.7%), IPI score of 0 (89.5%), and complete remission after chemotherapy (89.5%). The 5-year PFS and OS rates were 74.6% and 80%, respectively. In univariate analysis, the rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen resulted in a better PFS than the cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) regimen (88.9% vs. 50.0%; p = 0.053). RT dose was related to the survival outcome (p = 0.010 for PFS, p = 0.044 for OS). Patients were classified into the CHOP + RT (>40 Gy) group and R-CHOP + RT (≤40 Gy) group. The 5-year PFS rates were 50% in the CHOP + RT group, and 100 % in the R-CHOP + RT group (p = 0.018). The 5-year OS rates were 66.7% and 100%, respectively (p = 0.087). CONCLUSION: Primary tonsillar lymphoma patients typically have favorable outcomes. Chemotherapy (R-CHOP) combined with relatively lower dose consolidative RT may be safe and effective for primary tonsillar lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Palatine Tonsil , Prednisone , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Rituximab , Vincristine
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101304

ABSTRACT

Only 5th decade ago, chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) was only recognized as disease group of presenting features like peripheral lymphocytosis, organomegaly including of splenomegaly. As understanding of disease biology and molecular diagnostic tools are getting improved gradually, characterization of variation in CLL's clinical courses was facilitated, resulting in better risk stratification and targeted treatments. Consequently multiple new targeted agents have been used in treatment of CLL, it makes improved clinical outcome. Rituximab containing chemoimmunotherapy (combination of rituximab, fludarabine, and cyclophosphamide) have shown better overall response rate and progression-free survival on fit patients' group in front-line setting, result in standard first-line therapeutic option for CLL. Furthermore, after introducing that the B-cell receptor is crucial for the evolution and progression of CLL, emerging treatments targeting highly activated surface antigens and oncogenic signaling pathways have been associated with several successes in recent decades. These include new anti-CD 20 monoclonal antibody (obinutuzumab), the bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitor (ibrutinib), the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase inhibitor (idelalisib), and B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 inhibitor (ABT-199 and ABT-263). So, we discuss not only general pathophysiology of CLL, but also rapidly advancing treatment strategies that are being studied or approved for treatment of CLL.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , B-Lymphocytes , Biology , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Incidence , Investigational New Drug Application , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Lymphocytosis , Pathology, Molecular , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Splenomegaly
13.
Blood Research ; : 40-45, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104394

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The expression of the SOCS genes in cytomegalovirus (CMV) viremia after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains largely unexplored. METHODS: Using quantitative RT-PCR of mononuclear cells, we conducted pairwise comparison of SOCS1 and SOCS3 expression levels among a healthy donor group (N=55), a pre-HSCT group (N=17), and the recipient subgroup (N=107), which were divided according to the occurrence of CMV viremia and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). RESULTS: Compared to that in the healthy donor group, SOCS1 expression was higher in the CMV+ subgroup, especially in the CMV+GVHD- group, but decreased in the other subgroups. When compared to the expression in the pre-HSCT group, SOCS1 expression was significantly higher in the CMV+ subgroup, especially in the CMV+GVHD+ subgroup. Meanwhile, compared to that in the healthy donor group, SOCS3 expression was significantly lower in all other groups. The CMV-GVHD- subgroup showed significantly lower SOCS3 expression compared to the CMV+ subgroup, the CMV+GVHD+ subgroup, and the CMV+GVHD- subgroup. CONCLUSION: We report differential expression of SOCS genes according to CMV viremia with acute GVHD occurrence after HSCT, suggesting that regulation of SOCS expression is associated with CMV viremia.


Subject(s)
Cytomegalovirus , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Tissue Donors , Viremia
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107937

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Remission of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is difficult due to pleomorphic and multifocal endoscopic findings. We investigated the relationship between endoscopic appearances and histological findings of patients followed up after curative treatment for the tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 consecutive patients diagnosed with gastric MALT lymphoma, who were treated and underwent serial follow-up endoscopies with biopsies from June 2009 to March 2014 in Seoul St. Mary's Hospital. We reviewed the follow-up endoscopic findings at least 2 months after Helicobacter pylori eradication or chemoradiotherapy. Target biopsy sites were categorized according to their endoscopic appearance. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 17.6 months; 76 endoscopies and 238 biopsies were performed. Positive biopsies were observed in 50 cases (21.0%). Tumor positivity was high in ulcerated lesions (2/3, 66.7%), erosion (1/5, 20.0%), discoloration (32/89, 36.0%), mucosal thickening (10/41, 24.4%) and ulcer scars (3/21, 14.3%). Conversely, lesions appearing normal showed low positivity (1/68, 1.5%) and was significantly lower compared with the aforementioned lesions (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Endoscopic appearances of depression, discoloration, mucosal thickening and ulcer scars were more likely to have tumor cells and should be targeted during follow up for gastric MALT lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Chemoradiotherapy , Cicatrix , Depression , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Ulcer
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62998

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several studies have demonstrated the effect of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) as a salvage treatment for patients with relapsed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). However, the role of auto-HSCT as a frontline treatment has not been fully investigated in the rituximab era. We validated the age-adjusted International Prognostic Index (aaIPI) score for high-risk DLBCL patients and identified a possible role for frontline auto-HSCT. METHODS: We recommended frontline auto-HSCT for high-risk DLBCL patients who satisfied the criteria of both a higher Ann-Arbor stage (III to IV) and an elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) level at diagnosis with an aaIPI score > or = 2. From 2006 to 2011, among the 150 DLBCL patients aged or = 2 showed inferior overall survival (OS; p = 0.040) and progression-free survival (PFS; p = 0.007) compared to the aaIPI score 0 to 1. Between the two treatment arms among the high-risk DLBCL patients, the clinical parameters were not different. The high-risk group treated with frontline auto-HSCT showed similar OS (p = 0.392) and PFS (p = 0.670) to those in the low-risk group. Thus, frontline auto-HSCT showed superior PFS (p = 0.004), but only a trend towards favorable OS (p = 0.091) compared to R-CHOP alone. CONCLUSIONS: We identified the possible role of frontline auto-HSCT for high-risk DLBCL with a higher stage (III to IV) and elevated LDH level.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Biomarkers, Tumor/blood , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Female , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/blood , Male , Middle Aged , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Predictive Value of Tests , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Proportional Hazards Models , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Stem Cell Transplantation , Time Factors , Transplantation, Autologous , Treatment Outcome , Up-Regulation , Vincristine/therapeutic use , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171259

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have rapidly been applied in a broad field of immune-mediated disorders since the first successful clinical use of MSCs for treatment of graft-versus-host disease. Despite the lack of supporting data, expectations that MSCs could potentially treat most inflammatory conditions led to rushed application and development of commercialized products. Today, both pre-clinical and clinical studies present mixed results for MSC therapy and the discrepancy between expected and actual efficacy of MSCs in various diseases has evoked a sense of discouragement. Therefore, we believe that MSC therapy may now be at a critical milestone for re-evaluation and re-consideration. In this review, we summarize the current status of MSC-based clinical trials and focus on the discrepancy between expected and actual outcome of MSC therapy from bench to bedside. Importantly, we discuss the underlying limitations of MSCs and suggest a new guideline for MSC therapy in hopes of improving their therapeutic efficacy.


Subject(s)
Graft vs Host Disease , Hope , Mesenchymal Stem Cells
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213996

ABSTRACT

In the last 10 years, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have emerged as a therapeutic approach to regenerative medicine, cancer, autoimmune diseases, and many more due to their potential to differentiate into various tissues, to repair damaged tissues and organs, and also for their immunomodulatory properties. Findings in vitro and in vivo have demonstrated immune regulatory function of MSCs and have facilitated their application in clinical trials, such as those of autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammatory diseases. There has been an increasing interest in the role of MSCs in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), including hematopoietic stem cell engraftment and the prevention and treatment of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and their therapeutic potential has been reported in numerous clinical trials. Although the safety of clinical application of MSCs is established, further modifications to improve their efficacy are required. In this review, we summarize advances in the potential use of MSCs in HSCT. In addition, we discuss their use in clinical trials of the treatment of GVHD following HSCT, the immunomodulatory capacity of MSCs, and their regenerative and therapeutic potential in the field of HSCT.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chimerism , Clinical Trials as Topic , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immunomodulation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology
19.
Blood Research ; : 198-205, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172217

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Novel agents (NAs) such as thalidomide and bortezomib have been administered in combination with autologous stem-cell transplantation (ASCT) to effectively treat multiple myeloma (MM). However, whether NAs perform better as induction treatments prior to transplantation, or as post-transplant maintenance therapies remains unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 106 consecutive patients with MM who underwent ASCT within 1 year of diagnosis as first-line therapy. RESULTS: Eighty-seven (82.1%) patients received NAs before ASCT, whereas 68 (64.2%) received NAs after ASCT. NAs were administered to each patient as follows: before ASCT alone (N=29, 27.4%), after ASCT alone (N=10, 9.4%) or both before and after ASCT (N=58, 54.7%). High-quality rates before and after ASCT were significantly higher for patients who received NAs as induction treatment compared to those who did not receive pre-transplant NAs. At a median follow-up of 37.9 months, the 3-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were 42.8% and 70.2%, respectively. The PFS and OS were significantly higher in patients with NAs as post-transplant maintenance treatment (P=0.03 and P=0.04, respectively), but not in those with NAs as pre-transplant induction treatment. The PFS of patients with NAs before and after ASCT was higher than that of the patients with NAs as induction therapy alone (P=0.05). Age, serum beta2-microglobulin level, complete response after ASCT, and NA use post-ASCT independently predicted survival outcomes. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that integration of NAs post-ASCT could benefit patients with MM undergoing ASCT. Induction therapy using NAs also improves high-quality response rates before and after ASCT.


Subject(s)
Boronic Acids , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Plant Extracts , Pyrazines , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Thalidomide , Transplants , Bortezomib
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53537

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are self-renewing, multipotent progenitor cells with multilineage potential to differentiate into cell types of mesodermal origin, such as adipocytes, osteocytes, and chondrocytes. In addition, MSCs can migrate to sites of inflammation and exert potent immunosuppressive and anti-inflammatory effects through interactions between lymphocytes associated with both the innate and adaptive immune system. Along with these unique therapeutic properties, their ease of accessibility and expansion suggest that use of MSCs may be a useful therapeutic approach for various disorders. In the clinical setting, MSCs are being explored in trials of various conditions, including orthopedic injuries, graft versus host disease following bone marrow transplantation, cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases, and liver diseases. Furthermore, genetic modification of MSCs to overexpress antitumor genes has provided prospects for clinical use as anticancer therapy. Here, we highlight the currently reported uses of MSCs in clinical trials and discuss their efficacy as well as their limitations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Cell Lineage , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/immunology , Regeneration , Regenerative Medicine/methods , Treatment Outcome
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