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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901417

ABSTRACT

Aging triggers cellular and molecular alterations, including genomic instability and organ dysfunction, which increases the risk of disease in mammals. Recently, due to the markedly growing number of aging dogs in the world, as much as 49% in total number of pet dogs, it is necessary to improve and maintain their quality of life by understanding of the biological effects of aging. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine specific biomarkers in aging dogs as a means of defining a set of hematological/biochemical biomarkers that influence the aging process. Blood samples were collected from younger (1–3 years) and older (7–10 years) dogs of middle/large size. The hematological/biochemistry analysis was performed to evaluate parameters significantly associated with age. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to target growth hormone (GH)/insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), one of the main regulators of the aging process. Declining levels of total protein and increased levels of glucose in young dogs was observed regardless of their body size. Notably, a significantly high concentration of GH and IGF-1 in the younger dogs compared to the older dogs was found in middle/large-sized dogs. GH and IGF-1 were also found at significantly high levels in large-sized dogs compared to middle-sized dogs, suggesting a similar trend to that of elderly humans. Consequently, glucose, total protein, GH, and IGF-1 were identified as potential biomarkers for regulating the aging process in large/middle-sized dogs. These findings provide an invaluable insight into the mechanism of aging for the field of aging research.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893713

ABSTRACT

Aging triggers cellular and molecular alterations, including genomic instability and organ dysfunction, which increases the risk of disease in mammals. Recently, due to the markedly growing number of aging dogs in the world, as much as 49% in total number of pet dogs, it is necessary to improve and maintain their quality of life by understanding of the biological effects of aging. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine specific biomarkers in aging dogs as a means of defining a set of hematological/biochemical biomarkers that influence the aging process. Blood samples were collected from younger (1–3 years) and older (7–10 years) dogs of middle/large size. The hematological/biochemistry analysis was performed to evaluate parameters significantly associated with age. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to target growth hormone (GH)/insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), one of the main regulators of the aging process. Declining levels of total protein and increased levels of glucose in young dogs was observed regardless of their body size. Notably, a significantly high concentration of GH and IGF-1 in the younger dogs compared to the older dogs was found in middle/large-sized dogs. GH and IGF-1 were also found at significantly high levels in large-sized dogs compared to middle-sized dogs, suggesting a similar trend to that of elderly humans. Consequently, glucose, total protein, GH, and IGF-1 were identified as potential biomarkers for regulating the aging process in large/middle-sized dogs. These findings provide an invaluable insight into the mechanism of aging for the field of aging research.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758880

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to analyze the protective effects of iodixanol on dog spermatozoa during cryopreservation. The optimal concentration of iodixanol, 1.5%, was determined using fresh spermatozoa and was applied in the following experiments. The 1.5% iodixanol group showed significantly increased sperm motility from that in the control (p < 0.05). Lower mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) modulator (ROMO1) and pro-apoptotic gene (BAX) expressions, together with higher expressions of protamine-2 (PRM2), protamine-3 (PRM3), anti-apoptotic B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL2), and sperm acrosome associated-3 (SPACA3) genes were detected in the iodixanol-treated group. In addition, decreased protamine deficiency and cryocapacitation were observed in the treatment group. Our results show that supplementation with 1.5% iodixanol is ideal for reducing production of ROS and preventing detrimental effects during the canine sperm cryopreservation process, effects manifested as increased motility and reduced cryocapacitation in frozen-thawed spermatozoa.


Subject(s)
Acrosome , Animals , B-Lymphocytes , Cryopreservation , Dogs , Male , Reactive Oxygen Species , Sperm Motility , Spermatozoa
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758808

ABSTRACT

Adipose tissue-derived stem cell (ASCs) are an attractive source of stem cells with therapeutic applicability in various fields for regenerating damaged tissues because of their stemness characteristics. However, little has reported on evaluating adverse responses caused by human ASC therapy. Therefore, in the present study, a clinical assessment after human ASC transplantation into dogs was undertaken. A total of 12 healthy male dogs were selected and divided into four groups: saline infusion, saline bolus, ASC infusion, and ASC bolus groups. Physical assessment and blood analysis were performed following ASC transplantation, and the concentrations of angiogenic factors, and pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). There were no adverse vital sign responses among the dogs. Blood analyses revealed no remarkable complete blood count or serum chemistry results. ELISA results for angiogenic and anti-inflammatory factors including matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) were significantly higher in the two ASCs groups than in the controls. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that transplantation of human ASCs produced no adverse effects and could be used safely in dogs. In addition, human ASCs could be involved in modulating secretions of angiogenic factors including MMP9, VEGF, bFGF, and HGF and anti-inflammatory factor IL-10.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Animals , Blood Cell Count , Chemistry , Cytokines , Dogs , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Humans , Interleukin-10 , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Stem Cell Transplantation , Stem Cells , Transplantation , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Vital Signs
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651554

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Before the introduction of transnasal endoscopic sinus surgery, transorbital approach with an external incision used to be one of the representative reconstructive surgical repairing method of blow out fracture. The important advantages of transnasal endoscopic technique are magnified direct visualization and easy accessibility to the medial orbital wall. Nasopore Forte(R) is a slowly absorbable material and provides excellent durability. The purpose of this study is to evaluate outcomes of endoscopic endonasal reduction (EER) of medial blow out fracture using Nasopore Forte(R). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective study was performed on 26 patients with medial blowout fracture who had undergone EER using Nasopore Forte(R) from January to December of 2010 at our clinic. A review of medical records included demographic data, preoperative ocular symptoms and signs, and surgical outcomes including postoperative symptom improvement and complications. RESULTS: Of 26 patients, 5 had persistent diplopia, 5 enophthalmos, and 3 both diplopia and enophthalmos preoperatively. Seventeen patients were asymptomatic, but had large defects with the mean defect size of 2.4 cm2. Postoperative computed tomography scan showed excellent (22) to good (4) reduction. Preoperative symptoms were resolved in all of 13 symptomatic patients and there was no enophthalmos during the follow-up period. No significant complications including sinusitis or synechia were found. CONCLUSION: EER is a highly effective and safe procedure for the reduction of medial blow out fracture. Nasopore Forte(R) is easy to handle and can be tailored to individual defects, and is useful for securing the reduction and preventing adhesion after EER.


Subject(s)
Diplopia , Enophthalmos , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Medical Records , Orbit , Retrospective Studies , Sinusitis
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-654301

ABSTRACT

Neurofibromatosis is an autosomal dominant hereditary disorder characterized by skin abnormalities such as cafe au-lait spots, and soft tissue legion such as generalized subcutaneous neurofibroma. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is a spindle cell sarcoma that mostly arises in the soft tissue but rarely arises in the head and neck region. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor can develop from the pre-existing neurofibromas or schwannomas, and from the peripheral nerves. They can also occur after radiation therapy. Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor is usually associated with neurofibromatosis type I. The authors recently experienced a case of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor associated with neurofibromatosis type I in a 20-year-old female patient who presented with a well marginated oval shape mass in the left neck.


Subject(s)
Female , Head , Humans , Neck , Nerve Sheath Neoplasms , Neurilemmoma , Neurofibroma , Neurofibromatoses , Neurofibromatosis 1 , Peripheral Nerves , Sarcoma , Skin Abnormalities , Young Adult
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-656012

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Kawasaki diseases (KD) sometimes present themselves as cervical lymphadenitis or deep neck infection. These unusual Kawasaki diseases then lead to unnecessary antibiotic therapy or surgical intervention or delaying therapy. The purpose of this study is to determine clinical characteristics of early expressions of atypical Kawasaki diseases presenting as deep neck infection. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We reviewed the medical records of the 6 patients who had been treated for Kawasaki disease that initially presented as fever and cervical lymphadenitis between March, 2007 and December, 2008. RESULTS: The contrast neck CT scan of four of the cases revealed no ring enhancement but retropharyngeal space fluid collection suggestive of retropharyngeal abscess. The contrast neck CT scan of the other two cases showed homogenous nonsuppurative cervical lymph node enlargement. We administered intravenous antibiotics but patients did not response to them. We then immediately administered intravenous immunoglobulin and aspirin after making the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease. The clinical condition of all the cases improved dramatically with defervescence. CONCLUSION: The possibility of Kawasaki disease should be considered in the following three situations: first, if the fever is refractory to intravenous antibiotic treatment in the febrile child with cervical lymphadenopathy, secondly, if the neck CT scan reveals a soft tissue swelling with no ring enhancement, and lastly, if the fever subsides dramatically after starting intravenous immunoglobulin and aspirin. Echocardiography should be performed as early as possible.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Aspirin , Child , Echocardiography , Fever , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Lymph Nodes , Lymphadenitis , Lymphatic Diseases , Medical Records , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Neck , Retropharyngeal Abscess
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