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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899607

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare the differences in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome between menopausal women and women of childbearing age and to determine the risk of metabolic syndrome among women in each group depending on whether they eat alone. @*Methods@#Data of 1,813 women from the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016) were used. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0, and complex sample frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, complex sample cross analysis, complex sample general linear regression, and complex sample logistic regression analysis were performed. @*Results@#According to the results of the study, there was no difference in the prevalence and risk of metabolic syndrome according to the presence of companions during meals between women of childbearing age and post-menopausal women, but there was a difference in health behavior. In other words, women of childbearing age who ate alone had a lot of experience of drinking, and menopausal women who ate alone did not tend to make any efforts to control their weight and did not perform aerobic exercise. In particular, the negative health behavior of menopausal women who ate alone increased the risk of prevalence of metabolic syndrome. @*Conclusion@#The findings indicate that, for women who eat alone, interventions to prevent metabolic syndrome should be differentiated before and after menopause. Therefore, it is suggested to offer an educational program to prevent metabolic syndrome in women of childbearing age as well as provide regular assessments to diagnose metabolic syndrome and health behavior improvement programs for menopausal women.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891903

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare the differences in the prevalence of metabolic syndrome between menopausal women and women of childbearing age and to determine the risk of metabolic syndrome among women in each group depending on whether they eat alone. @*Methods@#Data of 1,813 women from the seventh Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016) were used. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 20.0, and complex sample frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, complex sample cross analysis, complex sample general linear regression, and complex sample logistic regression analysis were performed. @*Results@#According to the results of the study, there was no difference in the prevalence and risk of metabolic syndrome according to the presence of companions during meals between women of childbearing age and post-menopausal women, but there was a difference in health behavior. In other words, women of childbearing age who ate alone had a lot of experience of drinking, and menopausal women who ate alone did not tend to make any efforts to control their weight and did not perform aerobic exercise. In particular, the negative health behavior of menopausal women who ate alone increased the risk of prevalence of metabolic syndrome. @*Conclusion@#The findings indicate that, for women who eat alone, interventions to prevent metabolic syndrome should be differentiated before and after menopause. Therefore, it is suggested to offer an educational program to prevent metabolic syndrome in women of childbearing age as well as provide regular assessments to diagnose metabolic syndrome and health behavior improvement programs for menopausal women.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919717

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a spirituality promotion program on spirituality, empathy and stress in nursing students.@*METHODS@#This study used one-group pretest-posttest design. Participants were 162 nursing students who participated in the spirituality program at C University in Seoul between 2014 and 2016. The effects of this study were measured using the Spirituality Assessment Scale, Toronto Empathy Questionnaire and Perceived Stress Scale-10. Data were analyzed using paired t-test and Wilcoxon signed rank test.@*RESULTS@#Spirituality increased significantly (Z=−8.06, p<.001), empathy also increased significantly (Z=−2.05, p=.040) and perceived stress decreased significantly (t=5.59, p<.001) after the spirituality promotion program.@*CONCLUSION@#Results show that the spirituality promotion program is an effective intervention to improve spirituality and empathy and reduce stress for nursing students. Therefore, this study proposes utilization of this spirituality promotion program with nursing students so that they can take care of themselves and develop the ability to perform holistic nursing care for patients.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-722641

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between each variable on occupational condition and foot deformity by Harris mat footprint. METHOD: Subjects were 227 labors having no neurologic or musculoskeletal problems. They were evaluated by clinical history and Harris mat footprint. Three optional parameters of footprints were medial arch angle, metatatarsal arch grade, and hallux valgus angle. RESULTS: 1) Hallux valgus angles were significantly increased in group of female, above 39 years old, labor, and duration of duty more than 6 years. 2) Medial arch angles were significantly decreased in female, above 39 years old, obese person, and labor. 3) Metatarsal arch grades were significantly increased in group of female, above 39 years old, and more than 20 numbers of conveyance, less than 6 years of duration of duty. Foot pain was not related to medial arch angle, metatatarsal arch grade, and hallux valgus angle, respectively. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that deformity of foot were related to female, above 39 years old, obese person, position of duty, duration of duty, and standing time. So these peoples maybe helpful for weaning proper modified shoes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Female , Foot Deformities , Foot , Hallux Valgus , Humans , Metatarsal Bones , Shoes , Weaning
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