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1.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919985

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Radiocarpal dislocation (RCD), which is caused by high-energy trauma, often involves radial styloid fractures and short radiolunate ligament (SRLL) injuries. Although SRLL injuries may occur as a simple rupture at the attachment site of radius, it may occur with a relatively large avulsed-fragment in the volar rim of the lunate facet of the radius. This study aimed to differentiate the injury type of SRLL and assess the differences in the treatment results depending on the treatment methods that have been applied in RCD with radial styloid fractures. @*Materials and Methods@#Eighteen patients managed surgically with RCD were enrolled in this study. The patients were classified as Group 1 and Group 2 by using the Dumontier method. In this study, Group 2 was subdivided into 2A (purely ligamentous or small avulsion fracture of the volar rim of lunate facet) and 2B (large avulsed-fragment enough to internal fixation) according to the injury type of SRLL.Groups 2A and 2B were treated with direct repair and screw fixation, respectively. Pain, range of motion of the wrist joint, grip strength, and complications on final radiographs were examined. The outcomes were evaluated using patient-rated wrist evaluation (PRWE), and modified Mayo wrist score (MMWS). @*Results@#All patients were Group 2 (six and twelve patients in 2A and 2B, respectively). The mean flexion to extension arch recovered 79%,and the mean grip strength was 72.9% of the uninjured side. Group 2A showed better recovery in extension, flexion and pronation than Group 2B, but there was no difference in radial deviation, ulnar deviation, supination, grip strength and pain. No differences in the PRWE and MMWS were observed between two groups. Complications included traumatic arthritis in seven patients and residual instability in five patients. @*Conclusion@#When the SRLL was injured, the involvement of a large avulsion fracture on the anterior plane of the radiolunate did not affect the test results. On the other hand, it should be observed cautiously because avulsion fractures tend to disturb the joint’s reduction through rotation or displacement. In addition, anatomical reduction and sturdy internal fixation are important for restoring the function of the SRLL.

2.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 45-52, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914514

ABSTRACT

Teriparatide (TPTD) is a bone-forming agent used to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis. Since hip fractures are related to higher morbidity and mortality rates than other fractures, efficacious osteoporosis drugs for the hip are critical. We reviewed research articles reporting the efficacy of TPTD in terms of bone mineral density (BMD), fractures prevention, changes in the outer diameter, cortical thickness and porosity, post-operative periprosthetic BMD loss, and healing of typical and atypical fractures of the hip. Data meta-analyses indicated that TPTD not only increased the BMD of the proximal femur but also decreased the risk of hip fractures. Even though TPTD increases the cortical bone porosity of the proximal femur, the bone strength does not decrease as the majority of the porosity is located at the endocortex; further, it increases the outer diameter and thickens the cortical bone.TPTD stimulates bone remodeling and facilitates callus maturity and fracture healing. There have been many reports on improving the effect of TPTD on the healing of atypical fractures; therefore it is advisable to use TPTD considering the increase benefit compared to the risk.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891359

ABSTRACT

Objective@#As the average life span in modern society continues to increase, much interest is focused on high-risk procedures in elderly patients, including major surgical operations. We investigated the results of endovascular coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) in patients over 80 years of age. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 39 patients aged over 80 years who underwent coil embolization for UIA between April 2007 and April 2019 at our hospital. @*Results@#Complete occlusion on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) immediately after surgery was performed in 44 (84.6%) of 52 cases of cerebral aneurysms. Four patients (7.7%) had residual aneurysmal necks, and four (7.7%) had contrast flow in the aneurysmal sac. Follow-up magnetic resonance angiography (mean: 8.2 months) was performed in 37 aneurysms in 24 patients. There was evidence of blood flow in the neck in seven cases (18.9%) and aneurysm in two cases (5.4%). Follow-up DSA (mean: 20.5 months) was performed in 14 aneurysms in 11 patients, and 11 aneurysms (78.6%) had complete occlusion, 1 aneurysm (7.1%) had an aneurysmal neck, and 2 aneurysms (14.3%) had contrast filling into the aneurysmal sac. Coil embolization procedure-related complications occurred in 3 patients (7.7%). Cerebral infarction occurred in 1 (2.6%), arterial dissection in 1 (2.6%), and hypoesthesia in 1 (2.6%). @*Conclusions@#Active treatment of UIA in elderly patients over 80 years of age through endovascular coil embolization can be considered.

4.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 92-99, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891317

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Palpability is known to be a poor prognostic factor for breast cancer. The present study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of palpable and nonpalpable breast cancers using big data. @*Methods@#Between January 2005 and May 2019, a total of 15,141 patients were enrolled. All patients were diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinomas. Patients with unclear medical records, multiple tumors, bilateral breast cancers, inflammatory breast cancers, inoperable breast cancers and distant metastasis were excluded. Patients were divided into the palpable and nonpalpable breast cancer groups based on physicians’ clinical examinations. The clinicopathological characteristics and disease-specific survivals (DSS) were analyzed. @*Results@#Patients with palpable breast cancers were younger, had larger tumors, and higher tumor-node-metastasis stage (p<0.001) than patients with nonpalpable breast cancers. Palpable breast cancer cases had higher rates of lympho-vascular invasion, higher histologic and nuclear grades than nonpalpable breast cancer cases (p<0.001). The positive proportion of hormone receptor was higher in the nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the palpable breast cancer group, but that of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). The Ki-67 index was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Total mastectomy and axillary dissection were performed more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group. However, radiotherapy and hormonal therapy were performed more frequently in nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). According to a multivariate analysis, younger age, lower body mass index, larger tumor size, tumor location, higher stage, higher histologic grade and higher Ki-67 index were associated with palpability (p<0.001). DSS was significantly lower in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Palpable breast cancers tend to be triple negative breast cancers and have higher histologic grade and, Ki-67 index and worse prognosis than nonpalpable breast cancers. Therefore, based on the results of the present study, treating palpable breast cancers requires careful attention.

5.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 133-142, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835590

ABSTRACT

Background@#American Society for Bone and Mineral Research recommend the use of intramedullary reconstruction of full length-nail for atypical subtrochanteric femoral fracture (ASFF). However, there is no study on the incidence of the ipsilateral femoral fracture after index operation of ASFF, and full-length nail has disadvantage as iatrogenic fracture and leg length discrepancy (LLD). The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of ipsilateral secondary fracture after using partial-length nail, and to compare the outcomes on surgery of ASFF between partial length-nails and full length-nails. @*Methods@#Forty-five consecutive fractures with ASFFs which had undergone intramedullary fixation using cephalomedullary nail between 2011 and 2018 were enrolled. The 45 cases were grouped based on nail length into the partial-length nail group (n=26) and the full-length nail group (n=19). Ipsilateral secondary fracture, time to union, intra-operative iatrogenic fracture, metal failure, LLD, operative duration, and post-operative 24-hr blood loss were investigated. @*Results@#There was no ipsilateral secondary fracture after index operation. There were no statistically significant differences between the partial-length nail and full-length nail groups in the time to union, LLD, and post-operative 24-hr blood loss (P=0.427, 0.478, and 0.228, respectively). Operative duration showed statistically significant difference between 2 groups (P=0.034). Metal failure were occurred in 1 (3%) case of the partial-length nail group and 2 (10%) cases of the full-length nail group. Iatrogenic fractures during nail insertion occurred in 2 (7%) cases of the partial-length-nail group and 3 cases (15%) of the full-length nail group. @*Conclusions@#Although large scale studies are required, our study indicate that full-length nails are not usually required for the treatment of ASFF.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917993

ABSTRACT

Spinal extradural arachnoid cysts (SEACs) are rare and usually asymptomatic, and they usually do not require surgical treatment. If symptoms manifest, however, surgical treatment is required. A 25-year-old male patient complained of impotence upon admission. Magnetic resonance images (MRIs) of his lumbar spine showed a SEAC located longitudinally from the T11 to L3, which was accompanied by thecal sac compression. Verifying the location of the dural defect is crucial for minimizing surgical treatments. Cystography, myelography, and lumbar spine MRI were conducted to locate the leak in real-time; however, it was not found.Hence, the location of the cerebrospinal fluid leak was estimated based on cystography, computed tomography, myelography, and MRI findings. We suggest that the region with the earliest contrast-filling, as well as the middle and widest area of the cyst, may correspond to the location of the dural defect.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902983

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#As a protective measure to slow down the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 in Korea, social distancing was implemented from February 29th , 2020. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of domestic incidents and intentional injury during March 2020 when social distancing was in effect. @*Methods@#There were 12,638 patients who visited the Level 1 trauma center of Chungnam province with injuries from domestic incidents, familial discord, and intentional injury. The prevalence of injuries during March 2020 was compared with the average of the previous 5 years, and the average for every March between 2015 and 2019. @*Results@#The prevalence of domestic incidents in March 2020 was significantly higher than the 5-year average, and the average for every March from 2015 to 2019 (p < 0.001). Familial discord (p = 0.002) and intentional injury (p = 0.031) were more frequently observed in March 2020. Adolescents showed a markedly higher level of intentional injury in March 2020 than in both the 5-year average (p = 0.031), and average for every March over the previous 5 years (p = 0.037). @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of domestic incidents and intentional injury were significantly higher during the period of social distancing in Korea. There is a need for social consensus, better policies, and psychological support services, especially if faced with a second or third wave of coronavirus disease.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899063

ABSTRACT

Objective@#As the average life span in modern society continues to increase, much interest is focused on high-risk procedures in elderly patients, including major surgical operations. We investigated the results of endovascular coiling of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIA) in patients over 80 years of age. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 39 patients aged over 80 years who underwent coil embolization for UIA between April 2007 and April 2019 at our hospital. @*Results@#Complete occlusion on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) immediately after surgery was performed in 44 (84.6%) of 52 cases of cerebral aneurysms. Four patients (7.7%) had residual aneurysmal necks, and four (7.7%) had contrast flow in the aneurysmal sac. Follow-up magnetic resonance angiography (mean: 8.2 months) was performed in 37 aneurysms in 24 patients. There was evidence of blood flow in the neck in seven cases (18.9%) and aneurysm in two cases (5.4%). Follow-up DSA (mean: 20.5 months) was performed in 14 aneurysms in 11 patients, and 11 aneurysms (78.6%) had complete occlusion, 1 aneurysm (7.1%) had an aneurysmal neck, and 2 aneurysms (14.3%) had contrast filling into the aneurysmal sac. Coil embolization procedure-related complications occurred in 3 patients (7.7%). Cerebral infarction occurred in 1 (2.6%), arterial dissection in 1 (2.6%), and hypoesthesia in 1 (2.6%). @*Conclusions@#Active treatment of UIA in elderly patients over 80 years of age through endovascular coil embolization can be considered.

9.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 92-99, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899021

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Palpability is known to be a poor prognostic factor for breast cancer. The present study analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics and outcomes of palpable and nonpalpable breast cancers using big data. @*Methods@#Between January 2005 and May 2019, a total of 15,141 patients were enrolled. All patients were diagnosed with invasive ductal carcinomas. Patients with unclear medical records, multiple tumors, bilateral breast cancers, inflammatory breast cancers, inoperable breast cancers and distant metastasis were excluded. Patients were divided into the palpable and nonpalpable breast cancer groups based on physicians’ clinical examinations. The clinicopathological characteristics and disease-specific survivals (DSS) were analyzed. @*Results@#Patients with palpable breast cancers were younger, had larger tumors, and higher tumor-node-metastasis stage (p<0.001) than patients with nonpalpable breast cancers. Palpable breast cancer cases had higher rates of lympho-vascular invasion, higher histologic and nuclear grades than nonpalpable breast cancer cases (p<0.001). The positive proportion of hormone receptor was higher in the nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the palpable breast cancer group, but that of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). The Ki-67 index was higher in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Total mastectomy and axillary dissection were performed more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). Adjuvant chemotherapy was administered more frequently in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group. However, radiotherapy and hormonal therapy were performed more frequently in nonpalpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). According to a multivariate analysis, younger age, lower body mass index, larger tumor size, tumor location, higher stage, higher histologic grade and higher Ki-67 index were associated with palpability (p<0.001). DSS was significantly lower in the palpable breast cancer group than in the nonpalpable breast cancer group (p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#Palpable breast cancers tend to be triple negative breast cancers and have higher histologic grade and, Ki-67 index and worse prognosis than nonpalpable breast cancers. Therefore, based on the results of the present study, treating palpable breast cancers requires careful attention.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895279

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#As a protective measure to slow down the transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 in Korea, social distancing was implemented from February 29th , 2020. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of domestic incidents and intentional injury during March 2020 when social distancing was in effect. @*Methods@#There were 12,638 patients who visited the Level 1 trauma center of Chungnam province with injuries from domestic incidents, familial discord, and intentional injury. The prevalence of injuries during March 2020 was compared with the average of the previous 5 years, and the average for every March between 2015 and 2019. @*Results@#The prevalence of domestic incidents in March 2020 was significantly higher than the 5-year average, and the average for every March from 2015 to 2019 (p < 0.001). Familial discord (p = 0.002) and intentional injury (p = 0.031) were more frequently observed in March 2020. Adolescents showed a markedly higher level of intentional injury in March 2020 than in both the 5-year average (p = 0.031), and average for every March over the previous 5 years (p = 0.037). @*Conclusion@#The prevalence of domestic incidents and intentional injury were significantly higher during the period of social distancing in Korea. There is a need for social consensus, better policies, and psychological support services, especially if faced with a second or third wave of coronavirus disease.

11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770066

ABSTRACT

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) caused by pseudogout is an uncommon disease. The authors report a 65-year-old female who complained of sudden pain and neurological symptoms on her left hand. Surgical decompression was performed. In the histologic study, a calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystal deposit was confirmed. Her pain and neurological symptoms were relieved. Because CTS caused by pseudogout is rare, it is difficult to differentiate it from other diseases. This paper reports an uncommon case of CTS caused by pseudogout.


Subject(s)
Aged , Calcium Pyrophosphate , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Chondrocalcinosis , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Hand , Humans , Median Nerve
12.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 425-432, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718890

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is rare, and its cause and prognosis are not well known. Additionally, treatment is limited with respect to the risk to the fetus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics and treatment trends of PABC and the survival rate according to the treatment. METHODS: In the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry database, women younger than 50 years and who were diagnosed with breast cancer from 1996 to 2015 were included. PABC was defined as breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy or within 1 year after delivery. RESULTS: We examined 411 patients with PABC and 83,381 patients with non-PABC. Over time, the proportions of patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy increased, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy administration rates also increased. In the past, the overall survival of patients with PABC was poorer than that of patients with non-PABC, but there was no difference in overall survival rates in more recent years. There was no difference in overall survival rates between patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio [HR], 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66–2.49; p=0.459), but PABC conferred poorer prognosis than non-PABC in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.27–2.08; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the prognosis between patients with PABC and those with non-PABC receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The increase in neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to current treatment guidelines is expected to improve the survival rate of patients with PABC.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Therapy , Female , Fetus , Humans , Mastectomy, Segmental , Pregnancy , Prognosis , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Survival Rate
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713121

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Treatment of diabetic foot infection due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains challenging. Applying vancomycin-impregnated cement is one of the best methods of treatment. Vancomycin-impregnated cement has been used worldwide; however, to date, there is a limited number of studies regarding its use. We evaluated the duration of antimicrobial activity of vancomycin-impregnated cement stored at room temperature after manufacturing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The vancomycin-impregnated cement was manufactured by mixing 1 g of vancomycin with 40 g of polymer and adding 17.90 g of liquid monomer. The cement dough was shaped into flat cylinders with diameter and height of 6 mm and 2 mm, respectively. Another cement of the same shape without mixing vancomycin was prepared as the negative control. All manufactured cements were sterilized with ethylene oxide gas and stored at room temperature. Each cement was placed on Mueller Hinton agar plate lawned with standard MRSA strain. Standard vancomycin disk and gentamicin disk were placed together. After 24 hours, the diameter of inhibition zone was measured, and if the diameter was less than 15 mm, vancomycin-impregnated cement was regarded as a loss of antimicrobial activity. The study was repeated every 2 weeks until vancomycin-impregnated cements lost their antimicrobial activity. RESULTS: Vancomycin-impregnated cement stored for a duration of 16 weeks created a 14 mm inhibition zone, while vancomycin disk created a 15 mm inhibition zone. Vancomycin-impregnated cement stored for a duration of 17 weeks created 7 mm and 9 mm inhibition zones, while vancomycin disk created 16 mm and 15 mm inhibition zones, respectively. CONCLUSION: We found a decrease of antimicrobial activity in vancomycin-impregnated cements after 16 weeks. After 17 weeks, they showed definite loss of antimicrobial activity. Therefore, we recommend not using vancomycin-impregnated cement spacers that has been stored for more than 16 weeks at room temperature.


Subject(s)
Agar , Diabetic Foot , Ethylene Oxide , Gentamicins , In Vitro Techniques , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Polymers , Vancomycin
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223213

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is an extraesophageal manifestation of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Endoscopic assessment of LPR is needed for convenient diagnosis and documentation of treatment efficacy. The aim of this study was to investigate the interrater reliability of LPR among endoscopists based on endoscopic laryngeal images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen endoscopists participated in this study. Before the test, they completed an intensive education program by an otorhinolaryngologist on the reflux finding score (RFS), which is a validated laryngoscopic assessment of LPR. A total of 100 endoscopic laryngeal images were used for 3 tests of RFS. Cohen's and Fleiss' kappa coefficients were used to determine the degree of interrater agreement in the diagnosis of LPR. RESULTS: In the first test, the mean of Cohen's kappa coefficients for LPR diagnosis between the otorhinolaryngologist and each of the 19 endoscopists was 0.3. In the second test, after additional education, the mean kappa value was 0.32. Fleiss' kappa coefficients for diagnosis of LPR among the 19 endoscopists in the first and second tests were 0.30 and 0.26, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A short-term education program for endoscopists did not result in an improvement of accuracy in the diagnosis of LPR. Further studies using advanced educational programs for endoscopists are required.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Education , Endoscopy , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107256

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adequate bowel preparation is an essential factor affecting the visibility of colonic mucosa and safety of related therapeutic interventions. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of three bowel preparation agents –2 L polyethylene glycol with ascorbic acid (PEGA), sodium picosulfate magnesium citrate (SPMC), and oral sodium phosphate tablet (NaP)– for morning colonoscopy. METHODS: Here, we analyzed the medical records of patients who had taken bowel preparation agents using the split-dose method and undergone colonoscopy in a single hospital. The efficacy of bowel preparation agents was evaluated using the Ottawa bowel preparation assessment tool. The safety and tolerability of the agents were assessed by measuring the renal function and electrolytes prior to and after the procedure as well as by assessing the self-reported questionnaire. RESULTS: Of the 365 patients (PEGA:163, SPMC: 93, NaP: 109), 98.6% ingested more than 90% of the agents. NaP showed an inferior cleansing efficacy, and serum phosphate elevation was significantly higher in the NaP group. However, the satisfaction score was lowest in the PEGA group. Age (odds ratio [OR] 0.96, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.92–0.99, p=0.04) and preparation agents (OR of PEGA versus NaP 5.0, 95% CI 2.28–10.97, p<0.001) (OR of SPMC versus NaP 2.73, 95% CI 1.22–6.08, p=0.01) were independently associated with bowel preparation success. CONCLUSIONS: According to our analysis, NaP showed an inferior cleansing efficacy compared with PEGA and SPMC, which may be attributed to the complex administration method and lower water intake. However, large-volume ingestion remains unsatisfactory for patients. Detailed bowel preparation instructions could enhance bowel cleansing efficacy.


Subject(s)
Ascorbic Acid , Cathartics , Citric Acid , Colon , Colonoscopy , Drinking , Eating , Electrolytes , Humans , Magnesium , Medical Records , Methods , Mucous Membrane , Polyethylene Glycols , Polyethylene , Sodium , Tablets
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788012

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the outcomes of selected patients with breast cancer liver metastases (BCLM) without extrahepatic metastases after hepatic resection.METHODS: Patients whose imaging findings did not show extrahepatic disease were selected for hepatic resection. If R0 resection was available and the operative risk was low in preoperative tests, the patients underwent surgery.RESULTS: Between 2011 and 2014, six patients underwent hepatic resection for BCLM. All patients received hepatic resection to achieve an R0 resection. The time interval between initial detection of breast cancer and that of liver metastases in the patients, excluding one patient with synchronous metastases, was 55.2 months. Major liver resection was performed in four patients. Differences were observed in the hormone receptor status between the primary breast tumor and liver metastases; however, no difference was observed in the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status. The 1-year and 3-year overall survival rates after hepatic resection were 100% and 83.3%, respectively. The 1-year and 3-year disease free survival rates after hepatic resection were 66.7% and 50.0%, respectively.CONCLUSION: Curative resection may be considered as one of the multimodality treatments for BCLM. It shows benefit in selected patients; its selection criteria needs to be investigated.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Liver , Neoplasm Metastasis , Patient Selection , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Survival Rate
17.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 488-491, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25336

ABSTRACT

Intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy is a common treatment modality for bladder cancer after transurethral resection of a bladder tumor. This therapy is generally safe, and development of a prostatic abscess with a prostatorectal fistula after intravesical BCG immunotherapy is a very rare complication. This finding was incidentally obtained by the authors, who examined a patient with colonoscopy for evaluation of abdominal pain. The patient was successfully treated with antitubercular drugs. To the authors’ knowledge, this is the first report of a patient with a tuberculous prostatic abscess with prostatorectal fistula after BCG immunotherapy in South Korea.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Abscess , Antitubercular Agents , Bacillus , Colonoscopy , Fistula , Humans , Immunotherapy , Korea , Mycobacterium bovis , Prostate , Tuberculosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23586

ABSTRACT

A 50-year-old woman complained of jaundice and dyspepsia that started 2 weeks prior to consultation. Abdomen-pelvic computed tomography showed a 3 cm mass in the right hepatic duct with central calcification, which was spreading into the second branch. Repeated biopsies through endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were needed for pathology, which was consistent with an adenocarcinoma. Imaging studies including positron emission tomography showed no evidence of distant metastasis. The patient underwent right lobectomy with bile duct resection. The final diagnosis was intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with central calcification. We reported a very rare case of centrally calcified mass growing in the second branch of the right hepatic duct. The possibility of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with central calcification should be considered for differential diagnosis of intrahepatic calcification.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Bile Ducts , Biopsy , Cholangiocarcinoma , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Dyspepsia , Female , Hepatic Duct, Common , Humans , Jaundice , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pathology , Positron-Emission Tomography
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169024

ABSTRACT

Heterotopic pancreas in the gallbladder is extremely rare and usually incidentally discovered at the pathologic examination followed by cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallbladder disease. Up to the presents, only about 30 cases have been reported. We report the case of a 36-year-old female who presented with symptoms of cholecystitis. The histological analysis followed by cholecystectomy revealed heterotopic pancreas of the cystic duct.


Subject(s)
Cholecystectomy , Cholecystitis , Cystic Duct , Female , Gallbladder , Gallbladder Diseases , Humans , Pancreas
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Only limited data are available on severe community-acquired pneumonia (severe CAP or SCAP) caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in Korea. METHODS: All patients who were admitted to a tertiary hospital for CAP from January 2007 to December 2008 were reviewed retrospectively, and SCAP was defined by 2007 Infectious Disease Society of America/American Thoracic Society criteria. RESULTS: In total, 94 patients were diagnosed with SCAP (mean age, 73.5 +/- 14.3 years; male, 70). Among them, pneumococcal SCAP (P-SCAP) accounted for 24.5%, and non-P-SCAP accounted for 18.1% (four with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, [4.3%]; four with Staphylococcus aureus, [4.3%]), and no organisms were identified in 57.4% of the patients. A history of neoplasm was less frequent, and the incidence of shock and pneumonia severity index (PSI) scores were lower in patients with P-SCAP than in those with non-P-SCAP or with SCAP with no organism identified (p = 0.012, 0.023 and 0.007, respectively). Patients with P-SCAP had a lower rate of treatment failure (p = 0.048) and tended to have lower in-hospital and 30-day mortalities compared with those with non-P-SCAP. In a multivariate analysis, the history of neoplasm was the strongest independent factor for predicting 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 9.068; 95% confidence interval, 1.856-44.309). CONCLUSIONS: P-SCAP accounted for 24.5% of SCAP cases. P-SCAP was associated with lower disease severity and a tendency toward better hospital outcomes compared with non-P-SCAP.


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases , Humans , Incidence , Intensive Care Units , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Pneumonia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Retrospective Studies , Shock , Staphylococcus aureus , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Tertiary Care Centers , Treatment Failure
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