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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 234-242, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966896

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Endoscopic submucosal dissection is a widely used treatment for gastric epithelial neoplasms. Accurate delineation of the horizontal margins is necessary for the complete resection of gastric epithelial neoplasms. Recently, image-enhanced endoscopy has been used to evaluate horizontal margins of gastric epithelial neoplasms. The aim of this study was to investigate whether I-SCAN-optical enhancement (I-SCAN-OE) is superior to chromoendoscopy in evaluating the horizontal margin of gastric epithelial neoplasms. @*Methods@#This was a multicenter, prospective, and randomized trial. The participants were divided into two groups: I-SCAN-OE and chromoendoscopy. For both groups, we first evaluated the horizontal margins of early gastric cancer or high-grade dysplasia using white-light imaging, and then evaluated, the horizontal margins using I-SCAN-OE or chromoendoscopy. We devised a unique scoring method based on the pathological results obtained after endoscopic submucosal dissection to accurately evaluate the horizontal margins of gastric epithelial neoplasms. The delineation scores of both groups were compared, as were the ratios of positiveegative horizontal margins. @*Results@#In total, 124 patients were evaluated for gastric epithelial neoplasms, of whom 112 were enrolled in the study. A total of 112 patients participated in the study, and 56 were assigned to each group (1:1). There was no statistically significant difference in the delineation scores between the groups (chromoendoscopy, 7.80±1.94; I-SCAN-OE, 8.23±2.24; p=0.342). @*Conclusions@#I-SCAN-OE did not show superiority over chromoendoscopy in delineating horizontal margins of gastric epithelial neoplasms.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 116-122, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001838

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aimed to examine the association between overtime hours and perceived stress, depression, and anxiety among coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) community health workers. @*Methods@#Self-report data were collected from 1,181 community health workers in Busan between 15 June and 2 July 2021. The data collected were analyzed using analysis of variance and logistic regression to examine how average weekly overtime hours affect perceived stress, depression, and anxiety. @*Results@#The proportion of individuals who perceived a high degree of stress was higher in the groups with average weekly overtime of 5-10 hours (odds ratio [OR] 1.81, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.09-3.01) and 10 or more hours (OR 2.26, 95% CI 1.33-3.82) than in the group with average weekly overtime of less than 5 hours. Among the groups with average weekly overtime of 5-10 hours and 10 or more hours, the proportion of individuals at a high risk of depression was OR 1.74 (95% CI 1.31-2.31) and OR 3.39 (95% CI 2.53-4.54), respectively. In the same two groups, the proportion of individuals at a high risk of anxiety was OR 1.75 (95% CI 1.31-2.33) and OR 3.34 (95% CI 2.51-4.46), respectively. @*Conclusions@#This study shows that perceived stress, depression, and anxiety levels significantly increase as average weekly overtime hours increase among COVID-19 community health workers.

3.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 165-169, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999481

ABSTRACT

Breast augmentation mastopexy is a common procedure in cosmetic plastic surgery. Augmentation mastopexy has proven to be a relatively safe operation, but surgeons should be aware of and able to cope with disastrous complications such as soft tissue necrosis and nipple loss. The most important consideration in breast reconstruction is the recovery of breast shape and symmetry, as well as the maintenance of the shape of the nipple-areolar complex without any complications. We experienced a case of sequential breast and nipple-areolar complex reconstruction, in which the purse-string suture technique was used to repair medium-sized circular defects accompanied by nipple loss in the central area of both breasts and to preserve the shape of both breast mounds. Modified CV flaps were performed for left nipple reconstruction, and the Elsahy method and the purse-string suture technique were used to reconstruct the right nipple. Tattooing was performed on both breasts for areolar reconstruction. Through sequential reconstruction, the patient achieved satisfactory aesthetic results. In medium-sized, round defects on the central breast accompanied by nipple loss, the pursestring technique is a simple and effective reconstructive option that enables maintenance of the breast mound shape without requiring additional incision or distortion of surrounding structures.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e168-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925995

ABSTRACT

Despite the accuracy of nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs), rapid antigen tests (RATs) for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 are widely used as point-of-care tests. A total of 282 pairs of reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Standard Q COVID-19 Ag tests were serially conducted for 68 patients every 3–4 days until their discharge. Through a field evaluation of RATs using direct nasopharyngeal swabs, the sensitivities were 84.6% and 87.3% for E and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) genes, respectively, for specimens with cycle thresholds (Cts) < 25. The Ct values of E and RdRp genes for 95% detection rates by RATs were 16.9 and 18.1, respectively. The sensitivity of RAT was 48.4% after the onset of symptoms, which was not sufficient. RAT positivity gradually decreased with increased time after symptom onset and had continuously lower sensitivity than NAATs.

5.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 555-562, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897736

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#A new medical fiber-guided diode laser system (FDLS) is expected to offer high-precision cutting with simultaneous hemostasis. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using the 1,940-nm FDLS to perform endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the gastrointestinal tract of an animal model. @*Methods@#In this prospective animal pilot study, gastric and colorectal ESD using the FDLS was performed in ex vivo and in vivo porcine models. The completeness of en bloc resection, the procedure time, intraprocedural bleeding, histological injuries to the muscularis propria (MP) layer, and perforation were assessed. @*Results@#The en bloc resection and perforation rates in the ex vivo study were 100% (10/10) and 10% (1/10), respectively; those in the in vivo study were 100% (4/4) and 0% for gastric ESD and 100% (4/4) and 25% (1/4) for rectal ESD, respectively. Deep MP layer injuries tended to occur more frequently in the rectal than in the gastric ESD cases, and no intraprocedural bleeding occurred in either group. @*Conclusions@#The 1,940-nm FDLS was capable of yielding high en bloc resection rates without intraprocedural bleeding during gastric and colorectal ESD in animal models.

6.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 204-208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889358

ABSTRACT

Sebaceous carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm that usually arises in the sebaceous glands of the eyelids. Its pathogenesis is unknown; however, irradiation history, immunosuppression, and use of diuretics are known risk factors. The mainstay of treatment for sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid is wide surgical resection with a safety margin of 5 to 6 mm, which often results in full-thickness defects. The reconstruction of a full-thickness defect of the eyelid should be approached using a three-lamella method: a mucosal component replacing the conjunctiva, a cartilage component for the tarsal plate, and a flap or skin graft for the skin of the eyelid. In this case, a fullthickness defect of the upper eyelid was reconstructed after tumor removal using a combination of a nasal septum chondromucosal composite graft and a forehead transposition flap, also known as a “Fricke flap.” The flap was designed to include a line of the eyebrow on the lower margin of the flap to replace the eyelash removed during tumor excision. The wound healed completely, without any early or late complications, and the outcome was satisfactory.

7.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 701-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903182

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated which factors in psychological changes positively or negatively affect the quality of life to suggest desirable directions in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic. @*Methods@#Online survey was conducted with 1,011 adults more than 19 years old in Busan, South Korea. Quality of life was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF. Questions regarding the psychological changes were about COVID-19-related concerns, distress in complying with quarantine guidelines, and interest in seeking something to do alone. @*Results@#Quality of life was perceived to be below average (mean±SD, 2.86±0.53). The more economic worries there were, the lower the quality of life in psychological, social relationships and environmental domains. The more distress one experienced when maintaining their personal hygiene, the higher the quality of life related to their physical health. Likewise, the more difficult it was to maintain social distances, the higher the quality of life associated with psychological and social relationships. The more interested someone was in how to spend time alone, the higher the quality of life in all domains significantly. @*Conclusion@#We can minimize the negative impacts of COVID-19 by maintaining economic stability, maintaining prosocial behaviors related to personal hygiene and making good use of personal time.

8.
Mycobiology ; : 173-182, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902736

ABSTRACT

Recently, Cryptococcus pseudolongus has been reported as a new pathogen of shiitake (Lentinula edodes). However, its pathological properties are not much known. To further understand its impact on the mushroom, we investigated the pathogen’s interactions with the mycelium of shiitake, histopathological properties, host range, and sensitivity to diverse antifungal agents. The strain C. pseudolongus DUCC 4014 inhibited the mycelial growth of L. edodes strain (cultivar Sanjo 701ho) and caused browning in the mycelia confronted with the yeast on PDA. Spray inoculation of the yeast caused an abnormal browning symptom on the cap and/or gills of three shiitake cultivars grown on sawdust media in vinyl bags.Scanning electron microscopic images of the abnormally browned parts of shiitake fruit body illustrated that mushroom tissues were loosed and dispersed in the middle and edge of the cap and the arrangement of basidiospores borne on basidia in the gills was disturbed compared to those of normal shiitake fruit body. Spray inoculation also led to developing abnormal browning on the harvested fruit body, indicating C. pseudolongus could be a problem during mushroom storage. But the yeast was not able to induce abnormal browning on mushrooms of Pleurotus ferulae, Pleurotus fostreatus, and Agaricus bisporus. But it induced browning only on button mushroom (A. bisporus) when they were inoculated after wounding. Tests with 16 kinds of fungicides revealed that the cell growth of C. pseudolongus could be inhibited by benzalkonium chloride at MIC 7 lg/ml and benomyl at MIC 3 lg/ml.

9.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 177-180, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900905

ABSTRACT

Hypokalemic periodic paralysis one of the channelopathy disorders with low serum potassium level, clinically presenting as acute onset extremity weakness. In most cases, the cause of the hypokalemia is familial, but rarely hypokalemic periodic paralysis occurs secondary to other diseases including endocrinopathies, renal disorders, gastrointestinal loss. We report a patient with no known underlying diseases, who were diagnosed with sporadic hypokalemic periodic paralysis accompanied by neurogenic diabetes insipidus.

10.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 204-208, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897062

ABSTRACT

Sebaceous carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm that usually arises in the sebaceous glands of the eyelids. Its pathogenesis is unknown; however, irradiation history, immunosuppression, and use of diuretics are known risk factors. The mainstay of treatment for sebaceous carcinoma of the eyelid is wide surgical resection with a safety margin of 5 to 6 mm, which often results in full-thickness defects. The reconstruction of a full-thickness defect of the eyelid should be approached using a three-lamella method: a mucosal component replacing the conjunctiva, a cartilage component for the tarsal plate, and a flap or skin graft for the skin of the eyelid. In this case, a fullthickness defect of the upper eyelid was reconstructed after tumor removal using a combination of a nasal septum chondromucosal composite graft and a forehead transposition flap, also known as a “Fricke flap.” The flap was designed to include a line of the eyebrow on the lower margin of the flap to replace the eyelash removed during tumor excision. The wound healed completely, without any early or late complications, and the outcome was satisfactory.

11.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 701-707, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895478

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated which factors in psychological changes positively or negatively affect the quality of life to suggest desirable directions in the period of the COVID-19 pandemic. @*Methods@#Online survey was conducted with 1,011 adults more than 19 years old in Busan, South Korea. Quality of life was measured using the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF. Questions regarding the psychological changes were about COVID-19-related concerns, distress in complying with quarantine guidelines, and interest in seeking something to do alone. @*Results@#Quality of life was perceived to be below average (mean±SD, 2.86±0.53). The more economic worries there were, the lower the quality of life in psychological, social relationships and environmental domains. The more distress one experienced when maintaining their personal hygiene, the higher the quality of life related to their physical health. Likewise, the more difficult it was to maintain social distances, the higher the quality of life associated with psychological and social relationships. The more interested someone was in how to spend time alone, the higher the quality of life in all domains significantly. @*Conclusion@#We can minimize the negative impacts of COVID-19 by maintaining economic stability, maintaining prosocial behaviors related to personal hygiene and making good use of personal time.

12.
Mycobiology ; : 173-182, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895032

ABSTRACT

Recently, Cryptococcus pseudolongus has been reported as a new pathogen of shiitake (Lentinula edodes). However, its pathological properties are not much known. To further understand its impact on the mushroom, we investigated the pathogen’s interactions with the mycelium of shiitake, histopathological properties, host range, and sensitivity to diverse antifungal agents. The strain C. pseudolongus DUCC 4014 inhibited the mycelial growth of L. edodes strain (cultivar Sanjo 701ho) and caused browning in the mycelia confronted with the yeast on PDA. Spray inoculation of the yeast caused an abnormal browning symptom on the cap and/or gills of three shiitake cultivars grown on sawdust media in vinyl bags.Scanning electron microscopic images of the abnormally browned parts of shiitake fruit body illustrated that mushroom tissues were loosed and dispersed in the middle and edge of the cap and the arrangement of basidiospores borne on basidia in the gills was disturbed compared to those of normal shiitake fruit body. Spray inoculation also led to developing abnormal browning on the harvested fruit body, indicating C. pseudolongus could be a problem during mushroom storage. But the yeast was not able to induce abnormal browning on mushrooms of Pleurotus ferulae, Pleurotus fostreatus, and Agaricus bisporus. But it induced browning only on button mushroom (A. bisporus) when they were inoculated after wounding. Tests with 16 kinds of fungicides revealed that the cell growth of C. pseudolongus could be inhibited by benzalkonium chloride at MIC 7 lg/ml and benomyl at MIC 3 lg/ml.

13.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 177-180, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893201

ABSTRACT

Hypokalemic periodic paralysis one of the channelopathy disorders with low serum potassium level, clinically presenting as acute onset extremity weakness. In most cases, the cause of the hypokalemia is familial, but rarely hypokalemic periodic paralysis occurs secondary to other diseases including endocrinopathies, renal disorders, gastrointestinal loss. We report a patient with no known underlying diseases, who were diagnosed with sporadic hypokalemic periodic paralysis accompanied by neurogenic diabetes insipidus.

14.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 555-562, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890032

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#A new medical fiber-guided diode laser system (FDLS) is expected to offer high-precision cutting with simultaneous hemostasis. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of using the 1,940-nm FDLS to perform endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the gastrointestinal tract of an animal model. @*Methods@#In this prospective animal pilot study, gastric and colorectal ESD using the FDLS was performed in ex vivo and in vivo porcine models. The completeness of en bloc resection, the procedure time, intraprocedural bleeding, histological injuries to the muscularis propria (MP) layer, and perforation were assessed. @*Results@#The en bloc resection and perforation rates in the ex vivo study were 100% (10/10) and 10% (1/10), respectively; those in the in vivo study were 100% (4/4) and 0% for gastric ESD and 100% (4/4) and 25% (1/4) for rectal ESD, respectively. Deep MP layer injuries tended to occur more frequently in the rectal than in the gastric ESD cases, and no intraprocedural bleeding occurred in either group. @*Conclusions@#The 1,940-nm FDLS was capable of yielding high en bloc resection rates without intraprocedural bleeding during gastric and colorectal ESD in animal models.

15.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 190-199, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916461

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The aim of this study was to determine how the efficacy and compliance of positive airway pressure (PAP) varies depending on the depressive symptom with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). @*Methods@#:We collected data about baseline Apnea-Hyponea Index (AHI), sleep and mood state and demographic information from 125 obstructive sleep apnea patients prior to the start of positive airway pressure treatment. The Apnea-Hyponea Index and daytime sleepiness were examined as indicators of efficacy of positive airway pressure and daily average usage time and the utilization rate (%) for more than 4 hours were calculated as indicators of compliance of positive airway pressure at the time of 1, 3 or 9 months after the start of positive airway pressure. Repeated-measures ANOVA and linear mixed model (LMM) with adjusting age, body mass index and baseline Insomnia severity index were used for revealing any significant differences between groups over time passed. @*Results@#:This difference was confirmed at 9 months after starting positive airway pressure, between the two groups and the usage rate for more than 4 hours in depressive group was lower than that in non-depression group (56.2% vs. 67.5%). @*Conclusions@#:We demonstrated that there would be a difference in the compliance of positive airway pressure among patients with obstructive sleep apnea according to depressive state. Therefore, we suggest evaluating depressive symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnea before starting positive airway pressure, to increase the compliance of the positive airway pressure, which is essential to maintain the efficacy of the positive airway pressure.

16.
Korean Journal of Dental Materials ; (4): 235-244, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901889

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and inhibitory effect of osteoclast differentiation of Brachypodium sylvaticum (BS) to find out the possibility of preventing periodontal disease. The inhibition of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) growth by BS and the sustainability of the antibacterial activity was assessed. The production of pro-inflammatory cytokines from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), and the production of nitric oxide (NO) and cell viability were measured. Osteoclast differentiation was evaluated by Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining, and TRAP activity. BS showed significant antibacterial activity and sustainable antibacterial activity in P. gingivalis. We also found out that the BS significantly decreased secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6)] and NO production without cytotoxicity. Furthermore, BS inhibited the differentiation of bone marrow macrophages (BMMs) obtained from mouse bone marrow cells into osteoclasts without cytotoxicity. Taken together, BS can be a promising candidate for a preventive and improving agent of periodontal disease having antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and inhibitory effects of osteoclast differentiation.

17.
Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry ; : 154-160, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836312

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#It remains unclear whether methylphenidate (MPH) has yadverse effects on growth in children. This study aimed to investigate the association of MPH with serum biological markers of growth in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). @*Methods@#The present study included 103 children with ADHD (64 drug-naive children, 39 MPH-treated children) and 112 control subjects. Children with ADHD were diagnosed on the basis of a semi-structured interview. Levels of biochemical markers of growth, including insulin-like growth factor-I, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free T4, calcium, phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, vitamin D, hemoglobin, total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, and hematocrit were measured in these individuals. @*Results@#Except in case of TSH, no intergroup differences were found in the levels of the growth markers. The levels of TSH were found to be lower in the MPH-treated boys with ADHD than in the drug-naive and control groups (p<0.05), although the levels of TSH in all the groups were within normal limits. @*Conclusion@#In this cross-sectional study, no significant association was found between MPH and growth markers. This calls for the need to carry out prospective longitudinal research studies in the future that investigate the effect of MPH on the growth trajectory in children.

18.
Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry ; : 17-21, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836002

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aims to compare attitude toward suicide among the elderly with suicide attempt, suicide ideation, and without suicide ideation and attempt. @*Methods@#We recruited study groups according to suicide risk. Suicide attempt/ideation group were recruited from Busan Regional Suicide Prevention Center. Control group was recruited from general population. Suicide attempt group was those who attempted suicide within 6 months prior to study participation. Suicide ideation group was those who had suicide ideation within 6 months prior to study participation but did not have lifetime history of suicide attempt. Control group was those who did not have either lifetime history of suicide ideation and attempt. Attitude toward suicide was evaluated by Korean version of Attitude Toward Suicide-20 (ATTS-20) Questionnaire. @*Results@#Total of 141 elderly people aged over 60 were recruited. Four subscale scores of ATTS-20 (permissiveness and nonintervention; preventability and incomprehensibility; universality; unpredictability) were significantly lower in the suicide attempt group than suicide ideation and control group. @*Conclusion@#The results of present study suggest that the elderly who had history of suicide attempt are more permissive toward and have lack of comprehension of suicide. These results can be useful to develop effective suicide intervention and prevention strategy for the elderly.

19.
Journal of Korean Burn Society ; : 54-59, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835927

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#A fourth degree burn is a full-thickness burn of the skin usually accompanied by damage to deep structures and commonly results in extensive damage to surrounding tissues which makes the treatment of the wound difficult. Coverage of these wound using free flap is known to effective but not commonly used. The purpose of our study is to review our experience and suggest early application of free flap surgery. @*Methods@#A retrospective review was performed from 2010 to 2019, on a total of 34 fourth degree burn patients undergone free flap surgery as primary treatment in our hospital. We reviewed the location of the injury, etiology, TBSA (%), Presence of osteomyelitis, flap choice, complications, period of injury to surgery and healing. @*Results@#Using free flap as a primary reconstrcuction, the outcome is satisfactory. The treatment period was shortened, and there was less loss of function due to complications. Also the incidence of osteomyelitis and amputation was significantly low. @*Conclusion@#Applying free flap surgery as soon as possible in fourth degree burns is effective, such as reducing complications such as infection, reducing amputation, shortening treatment period, and preventing severe sequelae.

20.
Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery ; : 20-25, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835649

ABSTRACT

Progressive epidural hematoma is a form of acute epidural hematoma that graduallyexpands from a small initial hematoma; in cases that are clinically aggravated dueto the presence of a mental illness or neurological condition, patients should be surgicallytreated for evacuation of the hematoma, but poorer outcomes are expected ifthe patient has several medical co-morbidities for surgery. We experienced two casesof progressive epidural hematoma which were successfully managed by endovasculartreatment: an 85-year-old male with medical co-morbidities and a 51-year-oldfemale with a poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage resulting from the rupture of adissecting aneurysm of the vertebral artery. In both cases, a middle meningeal arteryembolization was performed and contrast leakage was observed and controlled usingcerebral angiography, halting the progression of their epidural hematomas. Thus,endovascular embolization of a middle meningeal artery may play a useful role in salvagetherapy in certain complicated situations that limit treatment of the hematomaby surgical evacuation.

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