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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916901

ABSTRACT

Multilocular cystic renal neoplasm of low malignant potential (MCRNLMP) is a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma that has a favorable outcome. Most cases of MCRNLMP usually present as distinct multilocular cystic lesions; however, they may appear as small complicated cysts with hemorrhagic components. Herein, we present a case of MCRNLMP and provide a review of the literature.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926422

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the various factors that affect renal function following percutaneous radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy in patients with renal tumors. @*Materials and Methods@#Between 2010 and 2018, 91 patients diagnosed with renal tumors using ultrasonography and CT-guided RFA were enrolled. We retrospectively investigated the serum creatinine (SCr) level and estimated glomerular filtration rates immediately prior to RFA and during post-treatment follow-up. The patients were divided into two groups based on the degree of change in SCr level (0.3 mg/dL). Group comparisons were performed using univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses to determine the factors impacting renal function. @*Results@#Impaired renal function was associated with solitary kidney, chronic kidney disease (CKD) over stage 3, and pyeloureteral injury. Sex, age, other cancers, tumor size, location, growth pattern, and proximity to the collecting system were not significantly associated with impaired renal function. There was a difference in the overall change over time between the association with and without solitary kidney, CKD stage 3, and pyeloureteral injury. @*Conclusion@#Among the medical conditions present prior to RFA, solitary kidney and CKD over stage 3 could be considered as risk factors for impaired renal function. Post-procedural pyeloureteral injury can also be considered a risk factor.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893680

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is a relatively common cancer type, with a high recurrence rate, that can be often encountered in the imaging study. Accurate diagnosis and staging have a significant impact on determining treatment and evaluating prognosis. Bladder cancer has been evaluated by transurethral resection of bladder tumor for clinical staging and treatment, but it is often understaged when compared with final pathologic result by radical cystectomy. If the location, size, presence of muscle invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and presence of upper urinary tract cancer can be accurately diagnosed and evaluated in an imaging study, it can be treated and managed more appropriately. For an accurate diagnosis, radiologists who evaluate the images must be aware of the characteristics of bladder cancer as well as its types, imaging techniques, and limitations of imaging studies. Recent developments in MRI with functional imaging have improved the quality of bladder imaging and the evaluation of cancer. In addition, the Vesical Imaging Reporting and Data System was published to objectively assess the possibility for muscle invasion of cancer. Radiologists need to know the types of bladder cancer treatment and how to evaluate the changes after treatment. In this article, the characteristics of bladder urothelial carcinoma, various imaging studies, and findings are reviewed.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901384

ABSTRACT

Bladder cancer is a relatively common cancer type, with a high recurrence rate, that can be often encountered in the imaging study. Accurate diagnosis and staging have a significant impact on determining treatment and evaluating prognosis. Bladder cancer has been evaluated by transurethral resection of bladder tumor for clinical staging and treatment, but it is often understaged when compared with final pathologic result by radical cystectomy. If the location, size, presence of muscle invasion, lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and presence of upper urinary tract cancer can be accurately diagnosed and evaluated in an imaging study, it can be treated and managed more appropriately. For an accurate diagnosis, radiologists who evaluate the images must be aware of the characteristics of bladder cancer as well as its types, imaging techniques, and limitations of imaging studies. Recent developments in MRI with functional imaging have improved the quality of bladder imaging and the evaluation of cancer. In addition, the Vesical Imaging Reporting and Data System was published to objectively assess the possibility for muscle invasion of cancer. Radiologists need to know the types of bladder cancer treatment and how to evaluate the changes after treatment. In this article, the characteristics of bladder urothelial carcinoma, various imaging studies, and findings are reviewed.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111998

ABSTRACT

We present two cases of adrenocortical oncocytomas that were well-delineated on multi-detector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. The images showed a well-enhanced large mass with multiple stippled calcifications in a 10-yr-old girl who was consulted due to precocious puberty. A well-enhanced solid mass with necrotic components was incidentally noticed in a 54-yr-old man. These lesions were resected and diagnosed as adrenocortical oncocytomas through immunohistochemical studies and electron microscopy. Adrenocortical oncocytomas are rare disease entities, therefore, we report these interesting, rare adrenocortical oncocytomas here with radiologic findings, and discuss differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Oxyphilic/diagnosis , Adrenal Gland Neoplasms/diagnosis , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Hemorrhage , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
6.
Gut and Liver ; : 219-223, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187167

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The objective of our study was to identify useful computed tomography (CT) findings for differentiating fundal type adenomyomatosis from localized chronic cholecystitis involving the fundus of the gallbladder. METHODS: We retrospectively identified cases of 41 patients with pathologically proven adenomyomatosis (n=21) or chronic cholecystitis (n=20) who had fundal thickening of the gallbladder on preoperative abdominal CT. Analysis of the CT findings included evaluation of the thickness, contour, border, intralesional cystic area, adjacent gallbladder wall thickening, presence of inner layer enhancement, enhancement grade, enhancement pattern, and presence of stones. Statistical analyses were performed using the Mann-Whitney U test and Fisher exact test. RESULTS: Oval contour, inner layer enhancement and intralesional cystic area were more frequently noted in adenomyomatosis than in chronic cholecystitis (p<0.05 for each finding). Flat contour and adjacent gallbladder wall thickening were more frequently observed in chronic cholecystitis than in adenomyomatosis. No differences between adenomyomatosis and chronic cholecystitis in terms of the thickness, enhancement grade, enhancement pattern and presence of stones were apparent. CONCLUSIONS: CT may help to differentiate fundal type adenomyomatosis from localized chronic cholecystitis involving the fundus of the gallbladder.


Subject(s)
Adenomyoma/pathology , Adult , Aged , Cholecystitis/pathology , Chronic Disease , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Gallbladder , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-109966

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of known risk factors for contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) and their association with the actual occurrence of CIN in patients undergoing intravenous contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT) in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent CECT in 2008 were identified in the electronic medical records of 16 tertiary hospitals of Korea. Data on demographics, comorbidities, prescriptions and laboratory test results of patients were collected following a standard data extraction protocol. The baseline renal function was assessed using the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). We identified the prevalence of risk factors along the eGFR strata and evaluated their influence on the incidence of CIN, defined as a 0.5 mg/dL or 25% increase in serum creatinine after CECT. RESULTS: Of 432425 CECT examinations in 272136 patients, 140838 examinations in 101487 patients met the eligibility criteria for analysis. The mean age of the participants was 57.9 +/- 15.5 years; 25.1% of the patients were older than 70 years. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus was 11.9%, of hypertension 13.7%, of gout 0.55% and of heart failure was 1.7%. Preventive measures were used in 40238 CECT examinations (28.6%). The prevalence of risk factors and use of preventive measures increased as the renal function became worse. A CIN was occurred after 3103 (2.2%) CECT examinations, revealing a significant association with decreased eGFR, diabetes mellitus, and congestive heart failure after adjustment. CONCLUSION: Risk factors for CIN are prevalent among the patients undergoing CECT. Preventive measures were seemingly underutilized and a system is needed to improve preventive care.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Comorbidity , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98240

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To re-evaluate additional clinical significance of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map in the inference of infarction stage, authors studied the evolution patterns of the DWI and the ADC map of the brain infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 127 patients with cerebral infarctions, including follow-up checks, 199 studies were performed. They were classified as hourly (117 studies)-, daily (108 studies)-, weekly (62 studies)-based groups. The signal intensity (SI) was measured at the core of the infarction and contralateral area with ROI of 0.3 cm2 or more on the images of the DWI and the ADC map, and calculated the ratios of SI and ADC value of the infarction area / contralateral normal area, and compared the patterns of the change according to the evolution. RESULTS: Infarction was detected as early as 1 hour after the attack, and the ratio of SI in the DWI became over than 2 after 12 hours, which showed a plateau until the 6th day. Thereafter, it decreased slowly to 1 on the 30th day, and changed to lower SI than the surrounding brain. The ratio in the ADC map became 0.46 in 24 hours after the attack, and increased slowly to 1 in the 15th day. Thereafter, it became a higher value than the surrounding brain. Overall, the ratio in the ADC map changed earlier than in the DWI, and the ratio curves showed inverse pattern each other according to the evolution of the infarction. CONCLUSION: The evolution patterns of infarction on the ADC map showed an inverse curve of DWI curve, which means that the ADC value is accurately predictable from DWI, and the ADC map joined with the DWI seems helpful in the determination of subacute infarction between 15 to 30 days.


Subject(s)
Brain Infarction , Brain , Cerebral Infarction , Diffusion , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Infarction
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208259

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical feasibility and obtain useful parameters of 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) study for making the differential diagnosis of brain tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with brain tumorous lesions (22 cases of brain tumor and 6 cases of abscess) and 11 normal volunteers were included. The patients were classified into the astrocytoma group, lymphoma group, metastasis group and the abscess group. We obtained the intracellular pH and the metabolite ratios of phosphomonoesters/phosophodiesters (PME/PDE), PME/inorganic phosphate (Pi), PDE/Pi, PME/adenosine triphosphate (ATP), PDE/ATP, PME/phosphocreatine (PCr), PDE/PCr, PCr/ATP, PCr/Pi, and ATP/Pi, and evaluated the statistical significances. RESULTS: The brain tumors had a tendency of alkalization (pH = 7.28 +/- 0.27, p = 0.090), especially the pH of the lymphoma was significantly increased (pH = 7.45 +/- 0.32, p = 0.013). The brain tumor group showed increased PME/PDE ratio compared with that in the normal control group (p = 0.012). The ratios of PME/PDE, PDE/Pi, PME/PCr and PDE/PCr showed statistically significant differences between each brain lesion groups (p < 0.05). The astrocytoma showed an increased PME/PDE and PME/PCr ratio. The ratios of PDE/Pi, PME/PCr, and PDE/PCr in lymphoma group were lower than those in the control group and astrocytoma group. The metastasis group showed an increased PME/PDE ratio, compared with that in the normal control group. CONCLUSION: We have obtained the clinically applicable 31P MRS, and the pH, PME/PDE, PDE/Pi, PME/PCr, and PDE/PCr ratios are helpful for differentiating among the different types of brain tumors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Astrocytoma/diagnosis , Brain Abscess/diagnosis , Brain Chemistry , Brain Neoplasms/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Feasibility Studies , Female , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Lymphoma/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Male , Middle Aged , Phosphorus , Prospective Studies , Young Adult
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141935

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the microstructural changes according to aging on the thickness and signal intensity (SI) of the cortical gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) on the T2-, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T1-weighted MR images in normal subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90 year age groups of men and women (each 10 individuals) who underwent routine brain MRI, including the T2-, FLAIR and T1-weighted images, were selected for this study. We measured the thickness and the SI of the cortical GM and WM at the postcentral gyrus, which has an even thickness at the level of centrum semiovale, on the axial scans and we calculated the mean values of the thickness ratio of the gray/white matter (TRGW) and the signal intensity ratio of the gray/white matter (SRGW), and we compared the ratios of each age group. RESULTS: On the T2-weighted images, the TRGWs were 0.81 and 0.79 at the age of 10 and they were 0.73 and 0.71 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. So, the GM thickness was decreased more than the WM thickness was with aging. On the FLAIR images, the TRGWs were 1.09 and 1.00 at the age of 10 and they were 1.11 and 0.95 at the age of 70 in the men and women, respectively. On the T1-weighted images, the TRGWs were 0.66 and 0.80 at the age of 10, and the ratio was changed to 0.90 and 0.78 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. On the T2-weighted image, the SRGWs were 1.53 and 1.43 at the age of 10, and they were 1.23 and 1.27 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. On the FLAIR images, the SRGWs were 1.23 and 1.25 at the age of 10 and they were 1.06 and 1.05 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. On the T1-weighted images, the SRGWs were 0.86 and 0.85 at the age of 10, and they were 0.90 and 0.87 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. CONCLUSION: We suggest that the age-related microstructural changes of the thickness and the SI of the cortical GM and WM on the T2-, FLAIR and T1-weighted images are unique, and so this knowledge will be helpful to differentiate neurodegenerative disease from normal aging of the brain.


Subject(s)
Aging , Brain , Female , Humans , Male , Neurodegenerative Diseases
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141934

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the microstructural changes according to aging on the thickness and signal intensity (SI) of the cortical gray matter (GM) and white matter (WM) on the T2-, fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and T1-weighted MR images in normal subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90 year age groups of men and women (each 10 individuals) who underwent routine brain MRI, including the T2-, FLAIR and T1-weighted images, were selected for this study. We measured the thickness and the SI of the cortical GM and WM at the postcentral gyrus, which has an even thickness at the level of centrum semiovale, on the axial scans and we calculated the mean values of the thickness ratio of the gray/white matter (TRGW) and the signal intensity ratio of the gray/white matter (SRGW), and we compared the ratios of each age group. RESULTS: On the T2-weighted images, the TRGWs were 0.81 and 0.79 at the age of 10 and they were 0.73 and 0.71 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. So, the GM thickness was decreased more than the WM thickness was with aging. On the FLAIR images, the TRGWs were 1.09 and 1.00 at the age of 10 and they were 1.11 and 0.95 at the age of 70 in the men and women, respectively. On the T1-weighted images, the TRGWs were 0.66 and 0.80 at the age of 10, and the ratio was changed to 0.90 and 0.78 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. On the T2-weighted image, the SRGWs were 1.53 and 1.43 at the age of 10, and they were 1.23 and 1.27 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. On the FLAIR images, the SRGWs were 1.23 and 1.25 at the age of 10 and they were 1.06 and 1.05 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. On the T1-weighted images, the SRGWs were 0.86 and 0.85 at the age of 10, and they were 0.90 and 0.87 at the age of 90 in the men and women, respectively. CONCLUSION: We suggest that the age-related microstructural changes of the thickness and the SI of the cortical GM and WM on the T2-, FLAIR and T1-weighted images are unique, and so this knowledge will be helpful to differentiate neurodegenerative disease from normal aging of the brain.


Subject(s)
Aging , Brain , Female , Humans , Male , Neurodegenerative Diseases
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725378

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We wanted to analyze the mammographic and clinical findings of the non-mass image-forming low echoic areas seen on breast ultrasonography (US) and investigate their pathologic results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty-nine patients with 72 non-mass image-forming low echoic areas seen on breast US and who had undergone mammography and biopsy were included in this study. The mammographic findings were divided into 2 groups: 1) the negative or probably benign group and 2) the suspicious for malignancy group. The US findings were divided into 3 groups: focal, segmental and diffuse distributions. The clinical findings were divided into 2 groups: the non-palpable and palpable groups. We investigated the pathologic results according to each group. RESULTS: Of the 72 lesions, 49 (68.1%) were benign and 23 (31.9%) were malignant. On the mammography, 42 (93.3%) of the 45 negative or probably benign findings and 7 (25.9%) of 27 suspicious for malignancy findings were pathologically benign (p < 0.001). On the US, 38 (76%) of the 50 focal distributions and 11 (52.4%) of 21 segmental distributions were benign (p = 0.090). Thirty (73.2%) of the 41 nonpalpable lesions and 19 (61.3%) of the 31 palpable lesions were benign (p = 0.609). CONCLUSIONS: A non-mass image-forming low echoic area seen on breast US was malignant at a higher rate when it was found in conjunction with suspicious mammographic finding. There was no significant correlation between the distribution of the non-mass image-forming low echoic areas on US or their palpability and the pathologic results.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast , Humans , Mammography , Ultrasonography, Mammary
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early clinical experience associated with radiofrequency (RF) ablation in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The RF ablation treatment was performed on 17 tumors from 16 patients (mean age, 60.5 years; range, 43-73 years) with RCC. The treatment indications were localized, solid renal mass, comorbidities, high operation risk, and refusal to perform surgery. All tumors were treated by a percutaneous CT (n = 10), followed by an US-guided (n = 2), laparoscopy-assisted US (n = 2), and an open (n = 2) RF ablation. Furthermore, patients underwent a follow-up CT at one day, one week, one month, three and six months, and then every six months from the onset of treatment. We evaluated the technical success, technical effectiveness, ablation zone, benign periablation enhancement, irregular peripheral enhancement, and complications. RESULTS: All 17 exophytic tumors (mean size, 2.2 cm; range, 1.1-5.0 cm) were completely ablated. Technical success and effectiveness was achieved in all cases and the mean follow-up period was 23.8 months (range, 17-33 months). A local recurrence was not detected in any of the cases; however, five patients developed complications as a result of treatment, including hematuria (n = 2), mild thermal injury of the psoas muscle (n = 1), mild hydronephrosis (n = 1), and fistula formation (n = 1). CONCLUSION: The RF ablation is an alternative treatment for exophytic RCCs and represents a promising treatment for some patients with small RCCs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44938

ABSTRACT

The incidence of skull tuberculosis is very rare, with only a few cases reported as a result of a simple radiography and computed tomographic findings. In this study, we report the magnetic resonance image (MRI) findings of a case of skull tuberculosis, which was confirmed histologically.


Subject(s)
Frontal Bone , Incidence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Skull , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Osteoarticular
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218298

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is debate concerning the observation of metabolite changes on MRS at the designated cortex during some tasks. The purpose of this study is to assess the change of the lactate content at the motor cortex during hand-grasping tasks with performing real-time fMRI-guided fMRS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven healthy volunteers (23-28 years old) underwent realtime fMRI during right hand grasping tasks with using a 1.5 T system. After confirming the activating area, single voxel MRS was preformed at 1) the baseline, 2) during the task and 3) after the task on the activating cortex. The three consecutive spectra were compared for observing the changes of the lactate content by the tasks. The Cho/Cr, NAA/Cr and Lac/Cr ratios were calculated manually from those spectra. RESULTS: MRS during the tasks revealed the lactate peaks at the 1.33 ppm resonance frequency with great conspicuity at the activated area, which was identified on the real-time fMRI. After the task scan, the lactate peaks completely disappeared and the spectra recovered to the values of the baseline scan in all volunteers. At baseline, during the task and after the task, the Cho/Cr ratios were 0.81, 0.76 and 0.77, respectively, and the NAA/Cr ratios were 1.68, 1.65 and 1.72, respectively, and the Lac/Cr ratios were 0.28, 0.41 and 0.30, respectively. During the task, Lac was significantly increased by 46%. CONCLUSION: We observed prominent lactate peaks on MRS during hand-grasping tasks at the activated area, as was shown on the real-time fMRI. We suggest that fMRS can be used as a sensitive tool for observing the metabolite changes of the functioning brain.


Subject(s)
Hand , Hand Strength , Lactic Acid , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Motor Cortex
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32180

ABSTRACT

Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease characterized by epistaxis, telangiectases and visceral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). The involvement of the gastrointestinal tract, liver, lung and cerebrum for HHT has been described, whereas little is known about AVMs of the spleen. We report here the radiological findings of a case of a splenic AVM manifested by thrombocytopenia in HHT.


Subject(s)
Arteriovenous Malformations , Cerebrum , Epistaxis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Liver , Lung , Spleen , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic , Telangiectasis , Thrombocytopenia
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27805

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic retroperitoneal fibrosis (IRF) is a rare disease characterized by inflammatory and fibrous tissue proliferation in the retroperitoneum, which often surrounds the adjacent retroperitoneal structure to cause compressive complications such as hydronephrosis. Its pathogenesis is still unknown, but recently the association with autoimmune disease is being suggested. Although the prognosis is generally good, if diagnosis or treatment is delayed, the disease can progress to acute or chronic renal failure. In the past, surgical procedures such as ureterolysis or transpositioning of the involved ureter were the mainstay of the treatment. But recent studies using steroids, immunosuppressants and tamoxifen have reported generally good results. However, the adequate dose or duration of medical treatment and the treatment for recurred disease have not been established yet. We report a case of that retroperitoneal fibrosis recurred 1 year after 2-weeks steroids therapy. It was successfully treated with combination therapy of steroids and tamoxifen.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Diagnosis , Hydronephrosis , Immunosuppressive Agents , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Prognosis , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Retroperitoneal Fibrosis , Steroids , Tamoxifen , Ureter
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142824

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We wanted to evaluate the clinical significance of normal mammograms and normal sonograms in patients with palpable abnormalities of the breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From Apr 2003 to Feb 2005, 107 patients with 113 palpable abnormalities who had combined normal sonographic and normal mammographic findings were retrospectively studied. The evaluated parameters included age of the patients, the clinical referrals, the distribution of the locations of the palpable abnormalities, whether there was a past surgical history, the mammographic densities and the sonographic echo patterns (purely hyperechoic fibrous tissue, mixed fibroglandular breast tissue, predominantly isoechoic glandular tissue and isoechoic subcutaneous fat tissue) at the sites of clinical concern, whether there was a change in imaging and/or the physical examination results at follow-up, and whether there were biopsy results. This study period was chosen to allow a follow-up period of at least 12 months. RESULTS: The patients' ages ranged from 22 to 66 years (mean age: 48.8 years) and 62 (58%) of the 107 patients were between 41 and 50 years old (58%). The most common location of the palpable abnormalities was the upper outer portion of the breast (45%) and most of the mammographic densities were dense patterns (BI-RADS Type 3 or 4: 91%). Our cases showed similar distribution for all the types of sonographic echo patterns. 23 patients underwent biopsy; all the biopsy specimens were benign. For the 84 patients with 90 palpable abnormalities who were followed, there was no interval development of breast cancer in the areas of clinical concern. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that we can follow up and prevent unnecessary biopsies in women with palpable abnormalities when both the mammography and ultrasonography show normal tissue, but this study was limited by its small sample size. Therefore, a larger study will be needed to better define the negative predictive value of combined normal sonographic and mammographic findings.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mammography , Middle Aged , Physical Examination , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Sample Size , Subcutaneous Fat , Ultrasonography
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-142821

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We wanted to evaluate the clinical significance of normal mammograms and normal sonograms in patients with palpable abnormalities of the breast. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From Apr 2003 to Feb 2005, 107 patients with 113 palpable abnormalities who had combined normal sonographic and normal mammographic findings were retrospectively studied. The evaluated parameters included age of the patients, the clinical referrals, the distribution of the locations of the palpable abnormalities, whether there was a past surgical history, the mammographic densities and the sonographic echo patterns (purely hyperechoic fibrous tissue, mixed fibroglandular breast tissue, predominantly isoechoic glandular tissue and isoechoic subcutaneous fat tissue) at the sites of clinical concern, whether there was a change in imaging and/or the physical examination results at follow-up, and whether there were biopsy results. This study period was chosen to allow a follow-up period of at least 12 months. RESULTS: The patients' ages ranged from 22 to 66 years (mean age: 48.8 years) and 62 (58%) of the 107 patients were between 41 and 50 years old (58%). The most common location of the palpable abnormalities was the upper outer portion of the breast (45%) and most of the mammographic densities were dense patterns (BI-RADS Type 3 or 4: 91%). Our cases showed similar distribution for all the types of sonographic echo patterns. 23 patients underwent biopsy; all the biopsy specimens were benign. For the 84 patients with 90 palpable abnormalities who were followed, there was no interval development of breast cancer in the areas of clinical concern. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that we can follow up and prevent unnecessary biopsies in women with palpable abnormalities when both the mammography and ultrasonography show normal tissue, but this study was limited by its small sample size. Therefore, a larger study will be needed to better define the negative predictive value of combined normal sonographic and mammographic findings.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mammography , Middle Aged , Physical Examination , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Sample Size , Subcutaneous Fat , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725710

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Vascular enhancement (VE) technology(ClarifyTM) is a new technique in vascular, B-mode imaging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of VE technology in ultrasonographic diagnosis of abdominal vasculature. MATERIALS and METHODS: Seventy-one adult patients (39 men and 32 women; age range, 25-89 years; mean age, 56 years) who had undergone abdominal ultrasonography were included in this study. The imaging was performed with a 1.8-4.0 MHz convex array transducer (SONOLINE, Antares, Siemens Medical Solutions, WA) by an abdominal radiologist. The radiologist obtained images of the same vascular area with each of conventional ultrasonography imaging (CUS), tissue harmonic imaging (THI), CUS plus VE technique and THI plus VE technique. Images were divided into normal (56) and abnormal (15) groups. The vessel visibility, conspicuity of the vascular wall and contrast resolution with adjacent structures were evaluated in the normal group, and the lesion conspicuity and border sharpness were evaluated in the abnormal group. On the PACS monitor, the images were graded into four grades by two radiologists in consensus. Statistical analysis was performed using Wilcoxon signed rank test. RESULTS: In the normal group, all parameters of the ultrasonographic imaging which applied the VE technique were superior to those of the imaging without VE technique (p < 0.05). In the abnormal group, combined use of VE technique with CUS or THI provided better results than CUS or THI alone in terms of lesion conspicuity and border sharpness (p < 0.05). THI combined with VE technique provided the best image quality among the 4 ultrasonographic methods examined in this study for the evaluation of both normal and abnormal abdominal vessels (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: VE technology was a helpful technique to evaluate the abdominal vasculature. Furthermore, VE technique combined with THI provided better image quality than other ultrasonographic methods in the evaluation of abdominal vessels.


Subject(s)
Adult , Consensus , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Transducers , Ultrasonography
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