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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e281-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001232

ABSTRACT

Background@#Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) was not actively performed in elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) or myelodysplastic syndrome patients who are at a high-risk based on hematopoietic cell transplantation-specific comorbidity index (HCT-CI). The advent of reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) regimens has made HSCT applicable in this population. However, the selection of appropriate conditioning is a major concern for the attending physician. The benefits of combination of treosulfan and fludarabine (Treo/Flu) have been confirmed through many clinical studies. Korean data on treosulfan-based conditioning regimen are scarce. @*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted to compare the clinical outcomes of allogeneic HSCT using RIC between 13 patients receiving Treo/Flu and 39 receiving busulfan/ fludarabine (Bu/Flu). @*Results@#In terms of conditioning-related complications, the frequency of ≥ grade 2 nausea or vomiting was significantly lower and the duration of symptoms was shorter in the Treo/ Flu group than in the Bu/Flu group. The incidence of ≥ grade 2 mucositis tended to be lower in the Treo/Flu group. In the analysis of transplant outcomes, all events of acute graft versus host disease (GVHD) and ≥ grade 2 acute GVHD occurred more frequently in the Treo/ Flu group. The frequency of Epstein-Barr virus reactivation was significantly higher in the Treo/Flu group (53.8% vs. 23.1%, P = 0.037). Non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 12 months was higher in the Treo/Flu group (30.8% vs. 7.7%, P = 0.035). Significant prognostic factors included disease type, especially secondary AML, disease status and high-risk based on HCT-CI, ≥ grade 2 acute GVHD, and cases requiring ≥ 2 immunosuppressive drugs for treating acute GVHD. In the comparison of survival outcomes according to conditioning regimen, the Bu/Flu group seemed to show better results than the Treo/Flu group (60% vs.46.2%, P = 0.092 for overall survival; 56.4% vs. 38.5%, P = 0.193 for relapse-free survival). In additional analysis for only HCT-CI high-risk groups, there was no difference in transplant outcomes except that the Treo/Flu group tended to have a higher NRM within one year after transplantation. Survival outcomes of both groups were similar. @*Conclusion@#This study suggests that Treo/Flu conditioning may be an alternative to Bu/Flu regimen in elderly patients with high-risk who are not suitable for standard conditioning.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 123-132, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968873

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study is to share our outcomes and experiences on allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in elderly patients aged 60 years and older with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in South Korea, and to compare them with other studies. @*Materials and Methods@#We analyzed the clinical outcomes of 116 patients with AML or MDS aged 60 years and older who underwent allogeneic HSCT. We also analyzed which pretreatment factors affect the overall survival (OS) after allogeneic HSCT. @*Results@#Neutrophil and platelet engraftment were achieved at median day +11 [interquartile range (IQR) 10–15] and +14 (IQR 11–19), respectively. A complete donor chimerism was confirmed in 65 (56.0%) patients at 3 weeks and in 63 (54.3%) patients at 3 months after HSCT. The estimated incidence of grade II–IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) at day 100 was 13.7%. The estimated incidence of chronic GVHD at 2 years was 38.8%. Within a median follow-up of 14 months after HSCT, OS was 64% at 1 year and 55% at 2 years, and non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 20% at 1 year and 28% at 2 years. Multivariate analysis revealed that male sex and Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation-Specific Comorbidity Index ≥3 were associated with poor OS. @*Conclusion@#This study showed that allogeneic HSCT in elderly adults aged 60 and older can be performed with successful engraftment and acceptable NRM and OS are expected given the generally known survival of patients with higher risk MDS and poor risk AML.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e103-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967391

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although the primary vaccine coverage rate for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in South Korea has exceeded 80%, the coronavirus continues to spread, with reports of a rapid decline in vaccine effectiveness. South Korea is administering booster shots despite concerns about the effectiveness of the existing vaccine. @*Methods@#Neutralizing antibody inhibition scores were evaluated in two cohorts after the booster dose. For the first cohort, neutralizing activity against the wild-type, delta, and omicron variants after the booster dose was evaluated. For the second cohort, we assessed the difference in neutralizing activity between the omicron infected and uninfected groups after booster vaccination. We also compared the effectiveness and adverse events (AEs) between homologous and heterologous booster doses for BNT162b2 or ChAdOx1 vaccines. @*Results@#A total of 105 healthcare workers (HCWs) that were additionally vaccinated with BNT162b2 at Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital were enrolled in this study.Significantly higher surrogate virus neutralization test (sVNT) inhibition (%) was observed for the wild-type and delta variants compared to sVNT (%) for the omicron after the booster dose (97%, 98% vs. 75%; P < 0.001). No significant difference in the neutralizing antibody inhibition score was found between variants in the BNT/BNT/BNT group (n = 48) and the ChA/ChA/BNT group (n = 57). Total AEs were not significantly different between the ChA/ ChA/BNT group (85.96%) and the BNT/BNT group (95.83%; P = 0.11). In the second cohort with 58 HCWs, markedly higher sVNT inhibition to omicron was observed in the omicroninfected group (95.13%) compared to the uninfected group (mean of 48.44%; P < 0.001) after four months of the booster dose. In 41 HCWs (39.0%) infected with the omicron variant, no difference in immunogenicity, AEs, or effectiveness between homogeneous and heterogeneous boosters was observed. @*Conclusion@#Booster vaccination with BNT162b2 was significantly less effective for the neutralizing antibody responses to omicron variant compared to the wild-type or delta variant in healthy population. Humoral immunogenicity was sustained significantly high after 4 months of booster vaccine in the infected population after booster vaccination.Further studies are needed to understand the characteristics of immunogenicity in these populations.

4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 304-313, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966487

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is the standard management for relapsed or high-risk non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). We reported the busulfan, melphalan, and etoposide (BuME) conditioning regimen was effective in patients with relapsed or high-risk NHL. Moreover, the busulfan, cyclophosphamide, and etoposide (BuCE) conditioning regimen has been used widely in ASCT for NHL. Therefore, based on these encouraging results, this randomized phase II multicenter trial compared the outcomes of BuME and BuCE as conditioning therapies for ASCT in patients with NHL. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients were randomly assigned to receive either BuME (n=36) or BuCE (n=39). The BuME regimen was comprised of busulfan (3.2 mg/kg/day, intravenously) administered on days –7, –6, and –5, etoposide (400 mg/m2 intravenously) on days –5 and –4, and melphalan (50 mg/m2/day intravenously) on days –3 and –2. The BuCE regimen was comprised of busulfan (3.2 mg/kg/day intravenously) on days –7, –6, and –5, etoposide (400 mg/m2/day intravenously) on days –5 and –4, and cyclophosphamide (50 mg/kg/day intravenously) on days –3 and –2. The primary endpoint was 2-year progression-free survival (PFS). @*Results@#Seventy-five patients were enrolled. Eleven patients (30.5%) in the BuME group and 13 patients (33.3%) in the BuCE group had disease progression or died. The 2-year PFS rate was 65.4% in the BuME group and 60.6% in the BuCE group (p=0.746). There were no non-relapse mortalities within 100 days after transplantation. @*Conclusion@#There were no significant differences in PFS between the two groups. Therefore, busulfan-based conditioning regimens, BuME and BuCE, may be important treatment substitutes for the BCNU-containing regimens.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e139-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976961

ABSTRACT

Background@#A fourth dose of vaccination is known to help reduce the severity and mortality rate of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. The South Korean vaccination guidelines for the fourth dose do not include healthcare workers (HCWs) as priority candidates. We investigated the necessity of the fourth dose in South Korean HCWs based on an 8-month follow-up period after the third vaccination. @*Methods@#Changes in the surrogate virus neutralization test (sVNT) inhibition (%) score were measured at one month, four months and eight months after the third vaccination. The sVNT values were analyzed between infected and uninfected groups, and their trajectories were compared. @*Results@#A total of 43 HCWs were enrolled in this study. In total, 28 cases (65.1%) were confirmed to be infected with SARS-CoV-2 (presumed omicron variant), and all had mild symptoms. Meanwhile, 22 cases (78.6%) were infected within four months of the third dose (median, 97.5 days). Eight months after the third dose, the SARS-CoV-2 (presumed omicron variant)-infected group showed significantly higher sVNT inhibition than that in the uninfected group (91.3% vs. 30.7%; P < 0.001). The antibody response due to hybrid immunity, provided by a combination of infection and vaccination, was maintained at sufficient levels for more than four months. @*Conclusion@#For HCWs who had coronavirus disease 2019 infection after completing a third vaccination, a sufficient antibody response was maintained until eight months after the third dose. The recommendation of the fourth dose may not be prioritized in subjects with hybrid immunity.

6.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 553-558, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-946186

ABSTRACT

A 65-year-old male patient with an end-stage renal disease was diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The patient complained of cough, sputum, and respiratory distress that worsened three days ago. The patient required mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal mentrane oxygenation. On day 9, convalescent plasma collected from a 34-year old man who recovered from COVID-19 45 days ago was administered. The patient showed immediate clinical improvement. However, on day 14, the patient’s clinical course worsened again. On day 19 and day 24, vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium bacteremia and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia were found. After long-term supportive care, he slowly recovered. He was discharged on day 91 without any oxygen requirement. This case report suggests that convalescent plasma therapy might just provide a short-term relief and that persistent effort for critical care is necessary to save patients from severe COVID-19.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 671-678, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896529

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Erlotinib has been the only targeted agent to show significantly improved outcomes in pancreatic adenocarcinoma when combined with gemcitabine. We aimed to evaluate whether the addition of oxaliplatin to a combination gemcitabine/erlotinib treatment conferred a clinical benefit in patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Chemotherapy-naïve patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer were randomly assigned to receive GEMOX-T [gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and oxaliplatin 50 mg/m2 on day 1 (D1) and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks] or GT (gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on D1 and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR). @*Results@#Between 2013 and 2016, 65 patients were assigned to a treatment group (33 in the GEMOX-T arm, 32 in the GT arm). The ORR was 18.2% [95% confidence interval (CI), 8.82–27.58] in the GEMOX-T arm and 6.2% (95% CI, 0.34–12.06) in the GT arm (p=0.051). The disease control rate was significantly superior in the GEMOX-T arm compared to the GT arm (72.7% vs. 43.8%, p=0.019). After a median follow-up of 19.7 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.9 months for the GEMOX-T arm and 1.4 months for the GT arm (p=0.033). However, this did not translate to an improvement in overall survival. The most common grade 3 or higher hematologic adverse events were neutropenia (16.9%) and anemia (13.8%). @*Conclusion@#The addition of oxaliplatin to a first-line gemcitabine/erlotinib regimen demonstrated higher response rates and significantly improved PFS in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 671-678, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904233

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Erlotinib has been the only targeted agent to show significantly improved outcomes in pancreatic adenocarcinoma when combined with gemcitabine. We aimed to evaluate whether the addition of oxaliplatin to a combination gemcitabine/erlotinib treatment conferred a clinical benefit in patients with locally advanced unresectable or metastatic pancreatic cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#Chemotherapy-naïve patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer were randomly assigned to receive GEMOX-T [gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and oxaliplatin 50 mg/m2 on day 1 (D1) and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks] or GT (gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 on D1 and D8 plus erlotinib 100 mg daily for 3 weeks). The primary endpoint was the overall response rate (ORR). @*Results@#Between 2013 and 2016, 65 patients were assigned to a treatment group (33 in the GEMOX-T arm, 32 in the GT arm). The ORR was 18.2% [95% confidence interval (CI), 8.82–27.58] in the GEMOX-T arm and 6.2% (95% CI, 0.34–12.06) in the GT arm (p=0.051). The disease control rate was significantly superior in the GEMOX-T arm compared to the GT arm (72.7% vs. 43.8%, p=0.019). After a median follow-up of 19.7 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 3.9 months for the GEMOX-T arm and 1.4 months for the GT arm (p=0.033). However, this did not translate to an improvement in overall survival. The most common grade 3 or higher hematologic adverse events were neutropenia (16.9%) and anemia (13.8%). @*Conclusion@#The addition of oxaliplatin to a first-line gemcitabine/erlotinib regimen demonstrated higher response rates and significantly improved PFS in patients with locally advanced or metastatic pancreatic cancer.

9.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 957-969, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831793

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Immune reconstitution following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is affected by multiple variables during the transplantation. @*Methods@#We assessed the clinical factors contributing to immune function reconstitution at 100 days post-allogeneic HSCT in 114 patients receiving fludarabine-based conditioning. Immunophenotypic analysis using flow cytometry was performed to evaluate the percentage and the absolute numbers of T-cell subsets, natural killer cells, and B-cells as clinical outcomes. @*Results@#Tacrolimus-based graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, T-cell depletion, and acute GVHD were significantly associated with delayed immune reconstitution of T-cell subsets. The incidence of chronic GVHD was significantly increased in the normal recovery group compared to the abnormal group (p = 0.01). Epstein-Barr virus reactivation was more frequently observed in the abnormal group of T-cell subsets (p = 0.045). All viral reactivation events including cytomegalovirus reactivation appeared to be more frequent in the abnormal group of T-cell subsets. @*Conclusions@#The immune recovery status post-allogeneic HSCT was affected by GVHD prophylactic regimens, especially in cases receiving tacrolimus-based GVHD prophylaxis, T-cell depletion, and possibly those manifesting acute GVHD. Delayed immune reconstitution might increase the morbidity due to viral reactivation. Treatment strategies are needed to prevent infectious complications and enhance immune reconstitution based on the immune recovery status following allogeneic HSCT with fludarabine-based conditioning.

10.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 181-187, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718703

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Whether to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) or do-not-resuscitate (DNR) is not only a medical problem but also a decision that should be made carefully with self-autonomy in accordance with life values. We conducted a retrospective observational study to identify the characteristics of current CPR and DNR at a practical level. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from medical records with regard to the clinical status of DNR decision in 356 patients with cancer who expired between October 2014 and September 2015 in Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital. RESULTS: DNR was decided significantly more frequently in patients with solid cancers than in patients with hematological cancer (87.7% vs. 71.4%, P=0.003). No other significant factor influenced the DNR decision in this study. The main persons who signed the DNR consent form were mostly sons or daughters (60.7%), never the patients themselves. The median time from the DNR order to death was longer in the ward than in the intensive care unit (ICU; 3.0 days vs. 1.0 days). The mean time from the DNR order to death was 6.6 days (median, 2 days). Among the patients with a DNR order, 110 (36.7%) were hospitalized in the ICU and 73 (24.3%) were treated with ventilator support. CONCLUSION: Most patients expired 6.6 days after DNR permission was given and could not decide their treatment plan by themselves. For better end-of-life care, the sensitive DNR decision with consideration of the individualized environment of the patient for life-sustaining treatment should be settled in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Consent Forms , Intensive Care Units , Korea , Medical Records , Nuclear Family , Observational Study , Resuscitation Orders , Retrospective Studies , Terminal Care , Ventilators, Mechanical
11.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 750-761, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76292

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There is controversy about the prophylactic effect of anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG) on graft versus host disease (GVHD) in the setting of matched related-donor hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). This study assessed the inf luences of ATG on the incidences of acute and chronic GVHD and other clinical outcomes in matched related-donor HSCT. METHODS: Sixty-one patients received allogeneic HSCT from human leukocyte antigen-matched, related donors. Patients received busulfan/fludarabine conditioning regimens and standard GVHD prophylaxis with or without additional ATG. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the cumulative incidences of overall acute GVHD, grade II to IV acute GVHD at day 100, and chronic GVHD during the follow-up period between the ATG and non-ATG groups. Three-year overall survival rates were very similar, but three year disease-free survival of the non-ATG group was higher than that of the ATG group (56.2% for ATG vs. 63.1% for non-ATG, p = 0.597). Relapse rate at 3 years in the ATG group was slightly higher than that of the non-ATG group (37.5% vs. 20%, p = 0.29). Non-relapse mortality rate at 3 years was lower in the ATG group (6.25% vs. 15.6%, p = 0.668). CONCLUSIONS: Although the addition of ATG doesn't guarantee a reduction in the incidences of acute and chronic GVHD, pre-transplantation ATG may result in lower non-relapse mortality in the context of matched related-donor HSCT with a busulfan/fludarabine conditioning regimen. However, caution is needed when using ATG because of a possibility to increase relapse rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antilymphocyte Serum , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Incidence , Leukocytes , Mortality , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors
12.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 102-107, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency can either cause or aggravate osteopenia and osteoporosis, and that can lead to an increased risk of fracture. We studied associations between serum vitamin D level and skeletal complications including bone pain in multiple myeloma patients. METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of 35 multiple myeloma patients in Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital from January, 2013 to May, 2014. The patients were classified as three groups according to the total vitamin D level: above 20 ng/mL as sufficient group, from 10 to 20 ng/mL as insufficient group, and below 10 ng/mL as deficient group. RESULTS: The incidence of fracture complication, the number of fracture, and the number of the cases of severe fracture that needed surgical intervention did not show statically significant difference in the three groups according to the total vitamin D level. As the results presented as graphs, the number of indicator of skeletal complications and total vitamin D level showed negative relationship. In the logistic regression analysis, analgesic use due to bone pain and the number of total analgesic use were significantly different in three groups (P=0.036, P=0.041), respectively, and showed a negative correlation between the level of vitamin D and number of analgesics had negative correlation. CONCLUSION: The measurement of serum total vitamin D level at the initial diagnosis in multiple myeloma patients and the proper treatment in the deficient patients would reduce the skeletal complications and moreover improve the quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Analgesics , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Diagnosis , Fractures, Bone , Incidence , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Multiple Myeloma , Osteoporosis , Quality of Life , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
13.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 173-177, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133681

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiac enzymes such as creatine kinase-MB, troponin I, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are thought to be useful prognostic factors in patients with acute ischemic stroke. This study investigated the efficacy of cardiac biomarkers as prognostic factors. METHODS: We reviewed patients with acute ischemic stroke whose cardiac biomarkers had been measured and who were admitted to our hospital between January 2012 and December 2013. The cardiac biomarkers were measured within 24 hours after admission to the emergency room. We evaluated the clinical characteristics and compared the outcomes of the patients based on their cardiac biomarkers. RESULTS: The following cardiac biomarkers were measured in 219 patients with acute ischemic stroke: creatine kinase-MB (n=218), troponin I (n=219), and BNP (n=143). Statistically significant differences were observed in older age (68.77+/-12.42 vs. 74.59+/-6.68, p<0.05), insula involvement (30.5% vs. 59.1%, p<0.01), and higher BNP (259.75+/-422.65 vs. 667.06+/-1093.22, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that measuring all cardiac biomarkers may be not effective in determining the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. However, BNP may be a superior to troponin I in predicting the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Cerebral Infarction , Creatine , Emergency Service, Hospital , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Prognosis , Stroke , Troponin I
14.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 173-177, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133680

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiac enzymes such as creatine kinase-MB, troponin I, and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) are thought to be useful prognostic factors in patients with acute ischemic stroke. This study investigated the efficacy of cardiac biomarkers as prognostic factors. METHODS: We reviewed patients with acute ischemic stroke whose cardiac biomarkers had been measured and who were admitted to our hospital between January 2012 and December 2013. The cardiac biomarkers were measured within 24 hours after admission to the emergency room. We evaluated the clinical characteristics and compared the outcomes of the patients based on their cardiac biomarkers. RESULTS: The following cardiac biomarkers were measured in 219 patients with acute ischemic stroke: creatine kinase-MB (n=218), troponin I (n=219), and BNP (n=143). Statistically significant differences were observed in older age (68.77+/-12.42 vs. 74.59+/-6.68, p<0.05), insula involvement (30.5% vs. 59.1%, p<0.01), and higher BNP (259.75+/-422.65 vs. 667.06+/-1093.22, p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that measuring all cardiac biomarkers may be not effective in determining the prognosis of acute ischemic stroke. However, BNP may be a superior to troponin I in predicting the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers , Cerebral Infarction , Creatine , Emergency Service, Hospital , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Prognosis , Stroke , Troponin I
15.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 75-81, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The evidence of 2nd line chemotherapy has not been validated. We investigated the treatment outcomes of 2nd line palliative chemotherapy in patients with biliary tract cancer (BTC) and analyzed the factors affecting response or survival. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed and analyzed the outcomes in advanced BTC patients who underwent 2nd line chemotherapy in Soonchunhyang Universitiy Hospitals (Bucheon, Seoul, and Cheonan). RESULTS: From December 2004 to May 2014, 65 patients were enrolled. The median age was 56 years (range, 40 to 76 years) and the ratio of cholangiocarcinoma (intrahepatic or extrahepatic), gall bladder cancer, and ampulla of Vater cancer was 41 (63.1%):18 (27.7%):6 (9.25%). Half of the patients (33 patients, 50.8%) were treated with gemcitabine-based and 28 patients (43.1%) with 5-fluorouracil- based therapy. The response rate was 3.0% and disease control rate was 21.5% in intention-to-treat analysis. Median overall survival (OS) was 7.2 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.9 to 10.5 months) and median progression free survival (PFS) was 3.7 months (95% CI, 2.5 to 4.9 months). In multivariate analysis, patients with good performance status (PS) (P=0.001) and chemo-sensitive tumor to 2nd line chemotherapy (P=0.000) had longer PFS as compared to the others. In addition, patients with good PS (P=0.003), chemo-sensitive tumor to 1st line (P=0.046), and 2nd line chemotherapy (P=0.004) were good prognostic factors for OS. CONCLUSION: The effect of 2nd line chemotherapy in advanced BTC was modest and maybe beneficial in select patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ampulla of Vater , Biliary Tract Neoplasms , Biliary Tract , Cholangiocarcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Seoul
16.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 137-141, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-28804

ABSTRACT

A pre-transplant screening work-up of donors for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is essential. Inadvertent transmission of malignancy from donors with subclinical diseases to recipients has been reported recently in several cases. A 49-year-old male was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. He underwent a course of induction chemotherapy and achieved cytogenetic complete remission (CR). He was treated with an additional cycle of consolidation chemotherapy followed by full matched sibling allogeneic HSCT due to an additional deletion in 9q known as an adverse prognostic factor. Post transplantation bone marrow biopsy revealed molecular CR, but conventional cytogenetics identified the presence of 46,XY,t(1:2)(p32:q35). A cytogenetic analysis of the donor graft specimen revealed t(1:2). We confirmed the donor origin of t(1:2). We report the first case of a person with constitutional t(1;2) serving as a stem cell donor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Bone Marrow , Chromosome Aberrations , Consolidation Chemotherapy , Cytogenetic Analysis , Cytogenetics , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mass Screening , Siblings , Stem Cells , Tissue Donors , Transplants
17.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 335-339, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-214126

ABSTRACT

Squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum is extremely rare, with an incidence between 0.25 and 1 case per 1,000 cases of colorectal carcinoma. In familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), characterized by the progressive development of hundreds to thousands of adenomatous colonic polyps, unscreened patients and those who are not treated at an early stage of the disease have an extremely high risk of developing colorectal adenocarcinoma. A few reports of squamous cell carcinoma of the rectum have been published but none of the patients had FAP. Here, we report the case of a 17-year-old male with FAP who developed rectal squamous cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Adenomatous Polyposis Coli , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Colonic Polyps , Colorectal Neoplasms , Incidence , Rectal Neoplasms , Rectum
18.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 70-70, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69006

ABSTRACT

In this paper, some of authors and their affiliations were omitted unintentionally.

19.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 176-179, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95060

ABSTRACT

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), a fatal disease, is mostly idiopathic but can occur secondary to cancer, infection, transplantation, pregnancy, surgery, or drugs. The mechanism of TTP is still unknown, however, and detection is difficult because of unclear diagnosis criteria. Colonic stent insertion is commonly used in management of malignant colon obstruction. This is a very safe procedure with a low procedure-related mortality rate, but serious complications can develop. The authors first experienced a patient with TTP when the phenomenon occurred after stent insertion for palliation of obstructive colon cancer and therefore would like to report the case.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pregnancy , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Mortality , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , Stents
20.
Blood Research ; : 95-99, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-217666

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics of elderly patients with AML differ from those of younger patients, resulting in poorer survival and treatment outcomes. We analyzed retrospectively the clinical data of AML patients 65 years old and above to describe patients' characteristics and treatment patterns, and to define meaningful prognostic factors of survival in the Korean population. METHODS: Basic patients' characteristics, clinical outcomes according to treatments, and prognostic factors associated with survival and treatment intensity were examined in a total of 168 patients diagnosed in 5 institutes between 1996 and 2012 as having AML. RESULTS: Herein, 84 patients (50.0%) received high-intensity regimens (HIR), 18 (10.7%) received low-intensity regimens (LIR), and 66 (39.3%) received supportive care (SC) only. The median survival of all patients was 4.5 months; and median survival times with HIR, LIR, and SC were 6.8 months, 10.2 months, and 1.6 months, respectively. Median survival times with HIR and LIR were significantly longer than that with SC (P<0.0001 and P=0.006, respectively). Multivariate analysis identified age, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-performance status (ECOG-PS), hemoglobin (Hb) level, and serum creatinine (Cr) level as statistically significant prognostic factors for survival. In the HIR group, prognostic factors for survival were ECOG-PS, Hb level, and C-reactive protein level. CONCLUSION: Even in elderly AML patients, an intensive treatment regimen could be beneficial with careful patient selection. Further prospective studies designed to identify specific prognostic factors are required to establish an optimal treatment strategy for elderly AML patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Academies and Institutes , C-Reactive Protein , Creatinine , Drug Therapy , Korea , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Multivariate Analysis , Patient Selection , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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