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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 731-735, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833317

ABSTRACT

Limbic-predominant age-related TDP-43 encephalopathy (LATE) is a recently established neurodegenerative disease entity. LATE neuropathological change (LATE-NC) is characterized by a TDP-43 proteinopathy that mainly involves the amygdala and medial temporal structures, with or without hippocampal sclerosis. LATE-NC is typically observed in individuals aged 80 years or older and manifests clinically as amnestic memory decline. Herein, we report a case of LATE diagnosed by brain autopsy in an 82-year-old male who had an 11-year history of memory impairment. Pathological examination revealed high Alzheimer disease neuropathological changes, as well as amygdala-predominant Lewy body pathology. In addition, immunohistochemistry for TDP-43 revealed neuronal and glial cytoplasmic inclusions in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus, amygdala, and inferior temporal cortex. Increasing awareness of the newly defined entity LATE will enhance our understanding of the neurodegenerative processes that occur in the oldest individuals.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766021

ABSTRACT

Due to the progressive aging of Korean society and the introduction of brain banks to the Korean medical system, the possibility that pathologists will have access to healthy elderly brains has increased. The histopathological analysis of an elderly brain from a subject with relatively well-preserved cognition is quite different from that of a brain from a demented subject. Additionally, the histology of elderly brains differs from that of young brains. This brief review discusses primary age-related tauopathy; this term was coined to describe elderly brains with Alzheimer’s diseasetype neurofibrillary tangles mainly confined to medial temporal structures, and no β-amyloid pathology.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aging , Amyloid beta-Peptides , Autopsy , Brain , Cognition , Dementia , Humans , Neurofibrillary Tangles , Numismatics , Pathology , Tauopathies
3.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 283-287, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45442

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by reactivation of latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection. HZ-associated aseptic meningitis, a rare complication of HZ, can require hospitalization and a long treatment period. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective study was performed to identify potential factors associated with HZ-associated aseptic meningitis development. METHODS: We included all outpatients and patients admitted in the neurology and dermatology departments of a single tertiary center, who were diagnosed with HZ for two years. Among 818 patients, 578 patients were eligible for analysis. RESULTS: The demographics and potential risk factors were compared between the uncomplicated HZ group (n=554) and aseptic meningitis group (n=24). Among the potential factors, the dermatological distribution of skin rash and gender showed statistically significantly different between the two groups. Patients with craniocervical distribution of HZ accounted for 87.5% (n=21) of the aseptic meningitis group and 54.3% (n=301) of the uncomplicated HZ group (p=0.043). The aseptic meningitis group had more men (66.7%, n=16) than the uncomplicated HZ group (42.8%, n=237, p=0.033). Patients with craniocervical distribution had an odds ratio (OR) of 5.884 (p=0.001) for developing aseptic meningitis when compared with the other dermatome involvements. Additional logistic regression analysis resulted in a fading between gender difference (p=0.050) and craniocervical involvement having an OR of 5.667 for aseptic meningitis (p=0.006). CONCLUSION: In HZ patients, skin rash with craniocervical distribution and male gender were associated with a higher risk of aseptic meningitis.


Subject(s)
Demography , Dermatology , Exanthema , Herpes Zoster , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Hospitalization , Humans , Logistic Models , Male , Meningitis , Meningitis, Aseptic , Neurology , Odds Ratio , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-90988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Many patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) suffer from motor and non-motor symptoms. According to these variable symptoms of PD, patients or caregivers have a poorer quality of life than patients with other neurodegenerative diseases. Since the difficulties are varied for all patients, prioritizing their difficulties differs among all cases. The goal of this study was to investigate the burdens of PD among the caregivers as well as patients and to identify areas requiring aid from the government. METHODS: We surveyed the awareness and perceptions of PD in patients and caregivers of PD by a face-to-face questionnaire. The questionnaire was divided into three sections: symptoms of PD (part A), desire for policies (part B), and difficulties faced by their caregivers (part C). Part A comprised 8 questions, Part B had 2 questions, and Part C had 3 questions. RESULTS: In total, 853 subjects (702 patients and 151 caregivers) were enrolled in this study. The major difficulties experienced by PD patients were physical (67%), psychiatric (60%) and socio-economic (52%). Assessing the physical difficulties, more than half the patients experienced severe difficulties (29% very severe, 39% severe). Psychiatric difficulties were assessed as severe (35%) and very severe (21%) among the patients. Severe difficulties were also experienced socio-economically, at 52% in patients and 49% in caregivers, especially among patients in their fifties (58%) and those with their spouse (65%) as caregivers. The topmost need was the introduction of new technology for treatment of PD (62%), followed by relief of costs for treatment (38%) and a family support system (31%). The majority (91%) of the patients were diagnosed with PD within two years after onset of symptoms. CONCLUSION: We know that the difficulties of PD and the needs for government assistance are different between patients and caregivers. These results emphasize that perceiving the difficulties and needs of patients and caregivers early can help to prevent and ameliorate the burden of disease.


Subject(s)
Caregivers , Humans , Korea , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Parkinson Disease , Quality of Life , Spouses
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163183

ABSTRACT

Progressive cerebellar ataxias are rare diseases during childhood, especially under 6 years of age. In a single family, three affected siblings exhibited Friedreich's-ataxia-like phenotypes before 2 years of age. They had progressive cerebellar atrophy, intellectual disability, and scoliosis. Although their phenotypes were similar to those observed in patients with autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxias, other phenotypes (e.g., seizure, movement disorders, ophthalmologic disturbance, cardiomyopathy, and cutaneous disorders) were not noted in this family. Whole-exome sequencing of the family members revealed one potential heterozygous mutation (c.1209delG, NM_181733.2; p.Met403IlefsX3, NP_859422.2) of the gene encoding conserved oligomeric Golgi complex subunit 5 (COG5). The heterozygous deletion at the fifth base in exon 12 of COG5 caused a frameshift and premature stop. Western blotting of COG5 proteins in the skin tissues from an affected proband showed a significantly decreased level of full length COG5 and smaller, aberrant COG5 proteins. We reported a milder form of COG5 defect showing Friedreich's-ataxia-like phenotypes without hypotonia, microcephaly, and short stature that were observed in most patients with COG5 defect.


Subject(s)
Atrophy , Blotting, Western , Cardiomyopathies , Cerebellar Ataxia , Child , Exons , Golgi Apparatus , Humans , Intellectual Disability , Microcephaly , Movement Disorders , Muscle Hypotonia , Phenotype , Rare Diseases , Scoliosis , Seizures , Siblings , Skin
7.
Neurology Asia ; : 349-356, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-625553

ABSTRACT

Inflammation might be associated with cognitive impairment and be involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease (PD). High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) is a sensitive biomarker of systemic inflammation. This study aimed to investigate whether serum concentrations of hs-CRP are related to cognitive function in patients with PD. Patients with PD (n = 113, Hoehn and Yahr [H-Y] stage 1-4) underwent evaluation of serum hs-CRP and comprehensive neuropsychological tests that covered the cognitive domains of attention, language, visuospatial function, memory, and executive functions. We categorized subjects with PD as having normal cognition (n=48), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n=41), or dementia (n=24). Patients with dementia had a higher hs-CRP level than patients with MCI or normal cognition (2.76 ± 2.53 vs. 1.27 ± 1.99 vs. 0.73 ± 0.88 mg/L, P=0.001). Serum hs-CRP levels were inversely associated with the Mini-Mental State Examination scores and performance on neuropsychological tests of language, visuospatial function, visual memory, and executive function. After controlling for age, sex, symptom duration, education, H-Y stage, and Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale motor score, multiple regression analyses indicated statistically significant associations between hs-CRP levels and performance on neuropsychological tests of visuospatial function, visual memory, and executive function. This study suggests a possible relationship between serum hs-CRP levels and cognitive function in patients with PD, with higher levels of hs-CRP being associated with poor performance on tests of visuospatial function, visual memory, and executive function.


Subject(s)
Dementia
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150667

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) have multisystem origins with heterogeneous manifestations that develop throughout the course of PD. NMS are increasingly recognized as having a significant impact on the health-related quality of life (HrQoL). We aimed to determine the NMS presentation according to PD status, and the associations of NMS with other clinical variables and the HrQoL of Korean PD patients. METHODS: We surveyed patients in 37 movement-disorders clinics throughout Korea. In total, 323 PD patients were recruited for assessment of disease severity and duration, NMS, HrQoL, and other clinical variables including demographics, cognition, sleep scale, fatigability, and symptoms. RESULTS: In total, 98.1% of enrolled PD subjects suffered from various kinds of NMS. The prevalence of NMS and scores in each NMS domain were significantly higher in the PD group, and the NMS worsened as the disease progressed. Among clinical variables, disease duration and depressive mood showed significant correlations with all NMS domains (p<0.001). NMS status impacted HrQoL in PD (rS=0.329, p<0.01), and the association patterns differed with the disease stage. CONCLUSIONS: The results of our survey suggest that NMS in PD are not simply isolated symptoms of degenerative disease, but rather exert significant influences throughout the disease course. A novel clinical approach focused on NMS to develop tailored management strategies is warranted to improve the HrQoL in PD patients.


Subject(s)
Cognition , Demography , Humans , Korea , Movement Disorders , Parkinson Disease , Prevalence , Quality of Life
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71446

ABSTRACT

Consumption of high doses of ethanol can lead to amnesia, which often manifests as a blackout. These blackouts experienced by ethanol consumers may be a major cause of the social problems associated with excess ethanol consumption. However, there is currently no established treatment for preventing these ethanol-induced blackouts. In this study, we tested the ethanol extract of the roots of Salvia miltiorrhiza (SM) for its ability to mitigate ethanol-induced behavioral and synaptic deficits. To test behavioral deficits, an object recognition test was conducted in mouse. In this test, ethanol (1 g/kg, i.p.) impaired object recognition memory, but SM (200 mg/kg) prevented this impairment. To evaluate synaptic deficits, NMDA receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP) and long-term potentiation (LTP) in the mouse hippocampal slices were tested, as they are known to be vulnerable to ethanol and are associated with ethanol-induced amnesia. SM (10 and 100 μg/ml) significantly ameliorated ethanol-induced long-term potentiation and NMDA receptor-mediated EPSP deficits in the hippocampal slices. Therefore, these results suggest that SM prevents ethanol-induced amnesia by protecting the hippocampus from NMDA receptor-mediated synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity deficits induced by ethanol.


Subject(s)
Amnesia , Animals , Ethanol , Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials , Hippocampus , Long-Term Potentiation , Memory , Mice , N-Methylaspartate , Neuronal Plasticity , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Salvia , Social Problems , Synaptic Transmission
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55653

ABSTRACT

Cerebellar circuitry is important to controlling and modifying motor activity. It conducts the coordination and correction of errors in muscle contractions during active movements. Therefore, cerebrovascular lesions of the cerebellum or its pathways can cause diverse movement disorders, such as action tremor, Holmes' tremor, palatal tremor, asterixis, and dystonia. The pathophysiology of abnormal movements after stroke remains poorly understood. However, due to the current advances in functional neuroimaging, it has recently been described as changes in functional brain networks. This review describes the clinical features and pathophysiological mechanisms in different types of movement disorders following cerebrovascular lesions in the cerebellar circuits.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cerebellum , Cerebrovascular Disorders , Dyskinesias , Dystonia , Functional Neuroimaging , Motor Activity , Movement Disorders , Muscle Contraction , Stroke , Tremor
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-70777

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) are effective in Alzheimer's disease (AD) treatment. The aim of this study is 1) to find neuropsychological factors that affect the functional response to ChEI therapy and 2) to determine whether regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) pretreatment predicts a cognitive change in response to ChEI. METHODS: We prospectively recruited 32 patients diagnosed with probable AD and treated them with donepezil, a ChEI, over one year. The patients were divided into stable (s-AD) and declined (d-AD) AD groups, based on changes in Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE) scores. Patients were assessed using the Alzheimer's Disease Co-operative Study-Activities of Daily Living (ADCS-ADL) and Seoul Neuropsychologic Screening Battery, as well as brain single photon emission computerized tomography (SPECT) at baseline and last medical evaluations. The predictors of therapeutic responses were analyzed using general linear models. RESULTS: Based on their cognitive function changes, AD patients were classified into two groups: s-AD (n=14, annual change in K-MMSE score or =0.9). The s-AD at baseline showed significantly better ADCS-ADL function (p=0.04) and had a tendency to preserve frontal function compared to the d-AD group. Global Statistical Parametric Mapping analysis revealed no significant decrease of rCBF between baseline and follow-up SPECT, in either the s-AD or the d-AD groups. However, on regional perfusion analysis of baseline SPECT, the d-AD group demonstrated perfusion deficits in the supramarginal gyrus, inferior occipital gyrus, and rolandic operculum compared with the s-AD group. CONCLUSIONS: Highly preserved ADCS-ADLs predicted a better improvement in MMSE scores in response to ChEI therapy and a more positive functional response in the group with preserved frontal function. rCBF provided hints to the variable response to donepezil therapy with ChEI treatment.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Brain , Cholinesterase Inhibitors , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Linear Models , Mass Screening , Neuropsychological Tests , Perfusion , Prospective Studies , Seoul , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189697

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The outcome of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is unpredictable and some patients have persistent and often incapacitating symptoms. This study was aimed to investigate whether abnormalities on initial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can predict the outcome in patients with SIH. METHODS: We retrospectively included 44 patients with SIH. Brain MRI was available for all patients. Treatment consisted of conservative treatment and/or high-volume epidural blood patching. Patients were divided into two groups: favorable or non-favorable group. Favorable group was defined as clinical improvement by conservative therapy or one trial of autologous epidural blood patching; non-favorable group as more than two week of admission, two or more trials of autologous epidural blood patching, or relapse of orthostatic headache. RESULTS: Twenty-one (48%) of 44 patients were classified as the favorable group. The non-favorable group had several abnormal findings on brain MRI (16 cases vs. 5 cases in favorable group, p<0.003), including platybasia (1), skull base tumor (1), Chiari I malformation (1), diffuse mild thickening and enhancement of dural and epidural layer of thoracic spine (1), pituitary enlargement (3), sagging brain (3) and subdural hemorrhage (4). In the non-favorable group, 13 out of 23 patients (57%) showed pachymeningeal enhancement in brain MRI (2 patients in favorable group, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Brain MRI abnormalities were more frequently related with non-favorable outcomes in SIH. Pachymeningeal enhancement in particular could suggest an unfortunate prognosis.


Subject(s)
Blood Patch, Epidural , Brain , Headache , Hematoma, Subdural , Humans , Intracranial Hypotension , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Platybasia , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base , Spine
14.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 45-51, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57893

ABSTRACT

Excessive accumulation of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is one of the major mechanisms responsible for neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease. Flavonoids, primarily antioxidants, are a group of polyphenolic compounds synthesized in plant cells. The present study aimed to identify flavonoid compounds that could inhibit Abeta-induced neuronal death by examining the effects of various flavonoids on the neurotoxicity of Abeta fragment 25-35 (Abeta25-35) in mouse cortical cultures. Abeta25-35 induced concentration- and exposure-time-dependent neuronal death. Neuronal death induced by 20 microM Abeta25-35 was significantly inhibited by treatment with either Trolox or ascorbic acid. Among 10 flavonoid compounds tested [apigenin, baicalein, catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), kaempferol, luteolin, myricetin, quercetin, and rutin], all except apigenin showed strong 1,1-diphenyl-2-pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity under cell-free conditions. The flavonoid compounds except apigenin at a concentration of 30 microM also significantly inhibited neuronal death induced by 20 microM Abeta25-35 at the end of 24 hours of exposure. Epicatechin, EGCG, luteolin, and myricetin showed more potent and persistent neuroprotective action than did the other compounds. These results demonstrated that oxidative stress was involved in Abeta-induced neuronal death, and antioxidative flavonoid compounds, especially epicatechin, EGCG, luteolin, and myricetin, could inhibit neuronal death. These findings suggest that these four compounds may be developed as neuroprotective agents against Alzheimer's disease.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Animals , Antioxidants , Apigenin , Ascorbic Acid , Catechin , Flavonoids , Luteolin , Mice , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , Oxidative Stress , Plant Cells , Quercetin
15.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 45-51, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788290

ABSTRACT

Excessive accumulation of beta-amyloid peptide (Abeta) is one of the major mechanisms responsible for neuronal death in Alzheimer's disease. Flavonoids, primarily antioxidants, are a group of polyphenolic compounds synthesized in plant cells. The present study aimed to identify flavonoid compounds that could inhibit Abeta-induced neuronal death by examining the effects of various flavonoids on the neurotoxicity of Abeta fragment 25-35 (Abeta25-35) in mouse cortical cultures. Abeta25-35 induced concentration- and exposure-time-dependent neuronal death. Neuronal death induced by 20 microM Abeta25-35 was significantly inhibited by treatment with either Trolox or ascorbic acid. Among 10 flavonoid compounds tested [apigenin, baicalein, catechin, epicatechin, epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), kaempferol, luteolin, myricetin, quercetin, and rutin], all except apigenin showed strong 1,1-diphenyl-2-pycrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging activity under cell-free conditions. The flavonoid compounds except apigenin at a concentration of 30 microM also significantly inhibited neuronal death induced by 20 microM Abeta25-35 at the end of 24 hours of exposure. Epicatechin, EGCG, luteolin, and myricetin showed more potent and persistent neuroprotective action than did the other compounds. These results demonstrated that oxidative stress was involved in Abeta-induced neuronal death, and antioxidative flavonoid compounds, especially epicatechin, EGCG, luteolin, and myricetin, could inhibit neuronal death. These findings suggest that these four compounds may be developed as neuroprotective agents against Alzheimer's disease.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Animals , Antioxidants , Apigenin , Ascorbic Acid , Catechin , Flavonoids , Luteolin , Mice , Neurons , Neuroprotective Agents , Oxidative Stress , Plant Cells , Quercetin
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-205176

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Juxtacortical spots are detected frequently on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images, but have not been extensively researched in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA). We hypothesized that juxtacortical spots on FLAIR images are partly associated with right-to-left shunt (RLS) in TIA without clear etiology. The possibility of an association between the presence of RLS and juxtacortical spots on FLAIR images in patients with TIA without clear etiology was investigated, and the imaging findings of patients with and without RLS were compared. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of TIA patients who visited our tertiary stroke center consecutively within 72 hours of TIA onset. Cryptogenic TIA was defined as no clear etiology despite a routine diagnostic workup. The presence of RLS was examined by transcranial Doppler with an agitated saline test or transesophageal echocardiography. Juxtacortical spots were defined as small and round hyperintensities in the juxtacortex on FLAIR images, excluding white-matter hyperintensities. RESULTS: Of the 132 patients with cryptogenic TIA examined for this study, 70 (53.0%) had RLS. Juxtacortical spots on FLAIR images were detected more frequently in patients with RLS than in those without. The independent factors for the presence of juxtacortical spots were RLS [odds ratio (OR)=3.802, 95% confidence interval (95% CI)=1.74-8.2; p=0.001] and age (OR=1.058, 95% CI=1.01-1.10; p=0.004) by multivariate analysis. The number of juxtacortical spots was significantly higher among patients with a moderate-to-large RLS than in those with a small or no RLS. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the present study demonstrate a significant association between the presence of RLS and the occurrence of juxtacortical spots on FLAIR images in patients with cryptogenic TIA.


Subject(s)
Dihydroergotamine , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Foramen Ovale, Patent , Humans , Ischemic Attack, Transient , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Stroke
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162917

ABSTRACT

Aspergillosis in the central nervous system (CNS) is a very rare disease in immune-competent patients. There was a case of a healthy man without a history of immune-compromised disease who had invasive aspergillosis with unusual radiologic findings. A 48-year-old healthy man with diabetes mellitus, presented with complaints of blurred vision that persisted for one month. Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed multiple nodular enhancing lesions on the right cerebral hemisphere. The diffusion image appeared in a high-signal intensity in these areas. Cerebrospinal fluid examination did not show any infection signs. An open biopsy was done and intraoperative findings showed grayish inflammatory and necrotic tissue without a definitive mass lesion. The pathologic result was a brain abscess caused by fungal infection, morphologically aspergillus. Antifungal agents (Amphotericin B, Ambisome and Voriconazole) were used for treatment for 3 months. The visual symptoms improved. There was no recurrence or abscess pocket, but the remaining focal enhanced lesions were visible in the right temporal and occipital area at a one year follow-up MRI. This immune-competent patient showed multiple enhancing CNS aspergillosis in the cerebral hemisphere, which had a good outcome with antifungal agents.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Amphotericin B , Antifungal Agents , Aspergillosis , Aspergillus , Biopsy , Brain , Brain Abscess , Central Nervous System , Cerebrum , Diabetes Mellitus , Diffusion , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Vision, Ocular
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203813

ABSTRACT

Parkinsonism secondary to intracranial mass lesions usually results from compression or distortion of the basal ganglia. Secondary parkinsonism due to midbrain infiltration or compression is rare and generally associated with other neurologic signs caused by pyramidal tract and/or cranial nerve involvement. We report a case of 30-year-old woman in whom mild parkinsonism was the major clinical manifestation of an astrocytoma in the anterior third ventricle and hypothalamus. She underwent surgical resection, ventriculoperitoneal shunt and radiation therapy. All symptoms of parkinsonism were completely recovered 3 months after the treatment. Brain tumors can be manifested only by the symptoms of parkinsonism. This case emphasizes the significance of neuroimaging in the evaluation of parkinsonism.


Subject(s)
Adult , Astrocytoma , Basal Ganglia , Brain Neoplasms , Cranial Nerves , Female , Humans , Hypothalamus , Mesencephalon , Neuroimaging , Neurologic Manifestations , Parkinson Disease, Secondary , Parkinsonian Disorders , Pyramidal Tracts , Third Ventricle , Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Human infection with Streptococcus suis (S. suis), a zoonotic pathogen, has been reported mainly in pig-rearing and pork-consuming countries. Meningitis is the most-common clinical manifestation and is often associated with deafness and vestibular dysfunction. CASE REPORT: A 57-year-old man was referred to the hospital with headaches, fevers, chills, and hearing impairment. Meningitis was confirmed and S. suis was isolated from the cerebrospinal fluid. Spondylodiscitis occurred after 2 weeks of antibiotic treatment, and was successfully treated with a prolonged course of antibiotics for another 4 weeks. His hearing loss was irreversible despite the improvement of other symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: We report the first human case of S. suis infection in Korea. In patients presenting with meningitis, S. suis should be considered if the characteristic features of prominent and early hearing loss are present.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chills , Deafness , Discitis , Fever , Headache , Hearing Loss , Humans , Korea , Meningitis , Middle Aged , Streptococcus , Streptococcus suis
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100460

ABSTRACT

Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome (CHS) is a rare, serious complication of carotid revascularization either after carotid endarterectomy or carotid stent placement. Although extensive effort has been devoted to reducing the incidence of CHS, little is known about the prevention. Postprocedural hypertension is very rare due to autoregulation of carotid baroreceptors but may occur if presented with autonomic dysfunction. We present two cases of CHS after cerebral revascularization that presented autonomic dysfunction.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty , Cerebral Revascularization , Endarterectomy, Carotid , Homeostasis , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Pressoreceptors , Stents
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