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Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-45366


OBJECTIVES: To investigate the role of angiotensin inhibition on lipid peroxidation (LPO) and renal pathology in ischemic reperfusion (IR). MATERIAL AND METHOD: Male Wistar rats were subjected to 15-, 30-, 45- or 60- minutes ofrenal ischemia (I) by left renal artery occlusion. In the 30-minute I group, reperfusion (R) for I day (13,R) was performed in additional animals that had been treated with water, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE]; enalapril 5 mg/kg/d), or angiotensin receptor type 1 blocker (ARB; losartan 10 mg/kg/d) one day before I and were continued for 1 day after R. Renal tissue malondialdehyde (MDA), an indicator of LPO, was examined during I and IR periods. Renal pathology was also determined. RESULTS: During ischemia, renal tissue MDA levels were increased throughout the 60-minute ischemic period and was maximum at 30 minutes of ischemia (p < 0.01). Histological changes in 30-minutes I group showed slight tubular cell congestion and mild interstitial edema. One day after reperfusion, MDA levels were still elevated (p < 0. 01) when compared with sham. Progression of renal pathology was observed after I day of reperfusion. Both ACEI and ARB could attenuate the heightened MDA levels (p < 0.01). IR-induced renal injury was markedly diminished by administration ofACEI as well as by ARB. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that inhibition of angiotensin could reduce lipid peroxidation and ameliorate renal injury during IR condition.

Angiotensin I/antagonists & inhibitors , Animals , Kidney/blood supply , Lipid Peroxidation/drug effects , Male , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control