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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 927-938, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999778

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is emerging as a valuable non-invasive tool to identify tumor heterogeneity and tumor burden. This study investigated ctDNA dynamics in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with regorafenib. @*Materials and Methods@#In this prospective biomarker study, plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) samples obtained at baseline, at the first response evaluation after 2 cycles of treatment, and at the time of progressive disease were sequenced using a targeted next-generation sequencing platform which included 106 genes. @*Results@#A total of 285 blood samples from 110 patients were analyzed. Higher baseline cfDNA concentration was associated with worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). After 2 cycles of treatment, variant allele frequency (VAF) in the majority of ctDNA mutations decreased with a mean relative change of –31.6%. Decreases in the VAF of TP53, APC, TCF7L2, and ROS1 after 2 cycles of regorafenib were associated with longer PFS. We used the sum of VAF at each time point as a surrogate for the overall ctDNA burden. A reduction in sum (VAF) of ≥ 50% after 2 cycles was associated with longer PFS (6.1 vs. 2.7 months, p=0.002), OS (11.3 vs. 5.9 months, p=0.001), and higher disease control rate (86.3% vs. 51.1%, p < 0.001). VAF of the majority of the ctDNA mutations increased at the time of disease progression, and VAF of BRAF increased markedly. @*Conclusion@#Reduction in ctDNA burden as estimated by sum (VAF) could be used to predict treatment outcome of regorafenib.

2.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 281-289, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999450

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Globally, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and has been associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer (CRC). There is a dearth of literature on the real-world morbidity and mortality associated with CKD comorbid with CRC. This study was performed to evaluate real-world survival outcomes of colorectal malignancy in Korean CKD patients. @*Methods@#The National Health Insurance Service of Korea provided data on patients who underwent surgical resection among patients diagnosed with CRC from 2002 to 2019. @*Results@#A total of 219,550 patients were included: 6,181 patients with underlying CKD and 213,369 patients without it.Each morbidity was significantly higher in the CKD-CRC group, and the postoperative mortality rates for the 30-day (3.11% vs. 1.78%, P < 0.001), 60-day (5.95% vs. 3.83%, P < 0.001), and 90-day mortality rate (8.12% vs. 5.32%, P < 0.001) were significantly higher in the CKD group. The median survival time (MST, year) was significantly lower in the CKD-CRC group (5.63; interquartile range [IQR], 5.26–5.91) than in the non-CKD-CRC group (8.71; IQR, 8.37–8.93). MST was significantly lower among CKD patients who received chemotherapy after adjustment by multivariate analysis (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.43; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.37–1.49; P < 0.001]). Subgroup analysis showed that in the CKD-CRC group, MST was lower in patients who received dialysis than in those who did not, even after multivariate analysis (adjusted HR, 2.38;95% CI, 2.20–2.58; P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Prevention of CKD-to-end-stage renal disease progression should be adopted as a strategy to increase postoperative survival, along with active surveillance and cancer treatment.

3.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 271-305, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001430

ABSTRACT

Chronic constipation is one of the most common digestive diseases encountered in clinical practice. Constipation manifests as a variety of symptoms, such as infrequent bowel movements, hard stools, feeling of incomplete evacuation, straining at defecation, a sense of anorectal blockage during defecation, and use of digital maneuvers to assist defecation. During the diagnosis of chronic constipation, the Bristol Stool Form Scale, colonoscopy, and a digital rectal examination are useful for objective symptom evaluation and differential diagnosis of secondary constipation. Physiological tests for functional constipation have complementary roles and are recommended for patients who have failed to respond to treatment with available laxatives and those who are strongly suspected of having a defecatory disorder. As new evidence on the diagnosis and management of functional constipation emerged, the need to revise the previous guideline was suggested. Therefore, these evidence-based guidelines have proposed recommendations developed using a systematic review and meta-analysis of the treatment options available for functional constipation. The benefits and cautions of new pharmacological agents (such as lubiprostone and linaclotide) and conventional laxatives have been described through a meta-analysis. The guidelines consist of 34 recommendations, including 3 concerning the definition and epidemiology of functional constipation, 9 regarding diagnoses, and 22 regarding managements. Clinicians (including primary physicians, general health professionals, medical students, residents, and other healthcare professionals) and patients can refer to these guidelines to make informed decisions regarding the management of functional constipation.

4.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 113-121, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967601

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Radial stretch evokes an increase or decrease in contractions in the lower gastrointestinal tract via mechanosensory enteric neurons that project into the muscle layers. We aim to elucidate the differences in stretch reflexes according to their location in the human colon. @*Methods@#We used healthy intestinal smooth muscle tissue excised during elective colon cancer surgery. Conventional intracellular recordings from colonic muscle cells and tension recordings of colonic segments were performed. Radial stretch was evoked through balloon catheter inflation. Changes in the membrane potential and frequency, amplitude, and area under the curve of muscle contractions were recorded before and after the radial stretch at proximal and distal segment sites. @*Results@#In intracellular circular muscle recordings, hyperpolarization was noted at the distal site of sigmoid colonic segments after radial stretch, in contrast to depolarization at all other sites. In tension recordings at proximal ascending or sigmoid colonic segment sites, contractile activation was observed with statistically significant increases in the frequency, amplitude, and area under the curve after radial stretch. Distal sites of ascending and sigmoid colonic segments showed increase and decrease in contraction, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Radial stretch in the human colon (in vitro) evokes excitatory activity at both proximal and distal sites of the ascending colon and at the proximal site of the sigmoid colon, whereas it elicits inhibitory activity at the distal site of the sigmoid colon.

5.
Intestinal Research ; : 61-87, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967009

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC), a relapsing-remitting chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), has a variable natural course but potentially severe disease course. Since the development of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents has changed the natural disease course of moderate-to-severe UC, therapeutic options for patients who failed conventional treatments are expanding rapidly. IBD clinical trials have demonstrated the potential efficacy and safety of novel biologics such as anti-integrin α4β7 and anti-interleukin-12/23 monoclonal antibodies and small molecules such as a Janus kinase inhibitor. Anti-TNF biosimilars also have been approved and are widely used in IBD patients. Wise drug choices should be made considering evidence-based efficacy and safety. However, the best position of these drugs remains several questions, with limited data from direct comparative trials. In addition, there are still concerns to be elucidated on the effect of therapeutic drug monitoring and combination therapy with immunomodulators. The appropriate treatment regimens in acute severe UC and the risk of perioperative use of biologics are unclear. As novel biologics and small molecules have been approved in Korea, we present the Korean guidelines for medical management of adult outpatients with moderate-to-severe UC and adult hospitalized patients with acute severe UC, focusing on biologics and small molecules.

6.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 167-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925511

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Cryptoglandular fistula is one of the common anal diseases requiring surgical treatment. Various surgical techniques have been introduced; however, there is no known standard technique. Coring-out fistulectomy is a surgical technique that accurately resects only the fistula tract. However, only a few cases of this procedure have been reported.We aimed to analyze the surgical outcomes of coring-out fistulectomy for cryptoglandular anal fistulas. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent coring-out fistulectomy for a cryptoglandular fistula between 1999 and 2019. Primary outcomes were the treatment success rate (recurrence and healing rates) and incidence of fecal incontinence. @*Results@#A total of 184 patients were included in our study. The average age of the patients was 44 years (range, 16–75 years), and 88.0% were male. Twenty-four (13.0%), 13 (7.1%), and 68 patients (37.0%) underwent operation for recurrent fistula, multiple tracts, and complex type fistula, respectively. The healing rate was 92.4%, and recurrence occurred in 15 of 170 healed patients (8.8%). Thus, the treatment success rate was 84.2%. There was no fecal incontinence except in 1 patient who had preoperative fecal incontinence because of cauda equine syndrome. In multivariable analysis of the factors affecting the treatment success rate, the complex fistula (odds ratio [OR], 14.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.7– 43.0; P < 0.001) and undetected internal opening during the operation (OR, 4.0; 95% CI, 1.4–11.6; P = 0.012) were significant factors. @*Conclusion@#Coring-out fistulectomy is a simple and feasible technique for sphincter-preserving anal fistula surgery.

7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 234-240, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925496

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There are few reports on outcomes following surgical repair of recurrent rectal prolapse. The purpose of this study was to examine surgical outcomes for recurrent rectal prolapse. @*Methods@#We conducted a multicenter retrospective study of patients who underwent surgery for recurrent rectal prolapse. This study used data collected by the Korean Anorectal Physiology and Pelvic Floor Disorder Study Group. @*Results@#A total of 166 patients who underwent surgery for recurrent rectal prolapse were registered retrospectively between 2011 and 2016 in 8 referral hospitals. Among them, 153 patients were finally enrolled, excluding 13 patients who were not followed up postoperatively. Median follow-up duration was 40 months (range, 0.2–129.3 months). Methods of surgical repair for recurrent rectal prolapse included perineal approach (n = 96) and abdominal approach (n = 57). Postoperative complications occurred in 16 patients (10.5%). There was no significant difference in complication rate between perineal and abdominal approach groups. While patients who underwent the perineal approach were older and more fragile, patients who underwent the abdominal approach had longer operation time and admission days (P < 0.05). Overall, 29 patients (19.0%) showed re-recurrence after surgery. Among variables, none affected the re-recurrence. @*Conclusion@#For the recurrent rectal prolapse, the perineal approach is used for the old and fragile patients. The postoperative complications and re-recurrence rate between perineal and abdominal approach were not different significantly. No factor including surgical method affected re-recurrence for recurrent rectal prolapse.

8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 732-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938770

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the impact of dedicated subspecialized radiologists in multidisciplinary team (MDT) discussions on the management of lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract malignancies. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 244 patients (mean age ± standard deviation, 61.7 ± 11.9 years) referred to MDT discussions 249 times (i.e., 249 cases, as five patients were discussed twice for different issues) for lower GI tract malignancy including colorectal cancer, small bowel cancer, GI stromal tumor, and GI neuroendocrine tumor between April 2018 and June 2021 in a prospective database. Before the MDT discussions, dedicated GI radiologists reviewed all imaging studies again besides routine clinical reading. The referring clinician’s initial diagnosis, initial treatment plan, change in radiologic interpretation compared with the initial radiology report, and the MDT’s consensus recommendations for treatment were collected and compared. Factors associated with changes in treatment plans and the implementation of MDT decisions were analyzed. @*Results@#Of the 249 cases, radiologic interpretation was changed in 73 cases (29.3%) after a review by dedicated GI radiologists, with 78.1% (57/73) resulting in changes in the treatment plan. The treatment plan was changed in 92 cases (36.9%), and the rate of change in the treatment plan was significantly higher in cases with changes in radiologic interpretation than in those without (78.1% [57/73] vs. 19.9% [35/176], p < 0.001). Follow-up records of patients showed that 91.2% (227/249) of MDT recommendations for treatment were implemented. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that the nonsurgical approach (vs. surgical approach) decided through MDT discussion was a significant factor for patients being managed differently than the MDT recommendations (odds ratio, 4.48; p = 0.017). @*Conclusion@#MDT discussion involving additional review of radiology examinations by dedicated GI radiologists resulted in a change in the treatment plan in 36.9% of cases. Changes in treatment plans were significantly associated with changes in radiologic interpretation.

9.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 189-196, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830555

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The number of international visiting scholars has been on the increase in Korea and we aim to investigate the program’s current situation. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study is based on an online survey questionnaire responded by international visiting scholars in surgical departments of 8 Korean hospitals between 2014 and 2018 about their experiences and satisfaction with the visiting scholar program. @*Results@#A total of 1,496 international scholars from 80 countries visited various surgical departments in 8 Korean hospitals between 2014 and 2018. The numbers have been on the increase over the years. Out of 355 visiting scholars in 2018, 71 replied to the online survey, of whom 52 were male and 19 female, and mostly in their 30s and 40s. Information about the program was accessed mostly through friends or colleagues (42.3%) and international conferences (36.6%). The commonest funding source was private (35.2%) and more than half stayed for less than 3 months. The visiting scholar’s main roles were mostly observation or participation in surgery and clinical research. All but 1 were satisfied with the program (98.6%) and would recommend it to friends and colleagues, although the language barrier was identified as an inconvenience. Those aged 20–39 years with governmental or institutional funding were associated with stays of more than 1 year. @*Conclusion@#The number of international visiting scholars at surgical departments in Korean hospitals has been on the increase with high satisfaction levels. Improvements need to be made on funding sources and lengthening visiting period to maximize the benefits of the program.

10.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 186-190, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900321

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic tattooing is used to mark colorectal lesions for subsequent surgery. As a tattooing agent, India ink has been widely used but is not currently available in Korea. Indocyanine green (ICG) can be applied as an alternative agent. However, studies on colonoscopic tattooing by the direct injection of indocyanine green are lacking. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between an ICG direct injection method and an India ink saline test injection method. @*Methods@#A total of 227 patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic tattooing for colorectal neoplasm (149 patients in the ICG direct injection group and 78 patients in the India ink saline test injection group) were included in the study. The efficacy of the two methods was compared by visualization and safety was compared by evaluating the perioperative tattooing complications. @*Results@#The visualization of lesions in the ICG group was not different from that of the India ink group (p=0.42, 96.0% vs 98.7%, respectively). Only one patient in the ICG group had abdominal pain related to tattooing, but no complications developed in the India ink group. @*Conclusion@#Considering the good visualization and low complication rate, the direct injection of ICG can be used as an alternative tattooing method.

11.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 82-89, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896951

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The management of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who have liver cirrhosis (LC) requires a thorough understanding of both diseases; however, the prognoses and postoperative outcomes of such patients remain understudied. We investigated the effect of LC on surgical and oncologic outcomes in patients with CRC, and identified prognostic factors. @*Methods@#We analyzed 453 patients with CRC and LC (CRC-LC group), 906 with CRC only (CRC group), 906 with LC only (LC group), and 1,812 healthy subjects using health insurance claim data (2008–2013). @*Results@#The CRC-LC group had a higher frequency of intensive care unit admission than the CRC group; there were no differences between the 2 groups in terms of early and late postoperative small bowel obstruction and incisional hernia. However, the 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day mortality rates were all significantly higher in the CRC-LC group. The higher Charlson comorbidity index (hazard ratio [HR], 1.127) and the lower socioeconomic status (HR, 0.985) were significant worse predictors of 5-year survival. Patients with underlying LC had a significantly higher HR in both the advanced CRC (HR, 1.858) and nonadvanced CRC (HR, 1.799) subgroups. However, the nonadvanced CRC subgroup showed a lower HR than the LC group (HR, 0.730). @*Conclusion@#Patients with CRC who had underlying LC had a lower survival rate than did those without LC, although the incidence rates of postoperative complications were not significantly different. The presence of LC was associated with a significantly lower survival rate regardless of CRC presence.

12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 403-408, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896726

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate real-world clinical outcomes from surgically treated patients for sigmoid volvulus. @*Methods@#Five tertiary centers participated in this retrospective study with data collected from October 2003 through September 2018, including demographic information, preoperative clinical data, and information on laparoscopic/open and elective/emergency procedures. Outcome measurements included operation time, postoperative hospitalization, and postoperative morbidity. @*Results@#Among 74 patients, sigmoidectomy was the most common procedure (n = 46), followed by Hartmann’s procedure (n = 23), and subtotal colectomy (n = 5). Emergency surgery was performed in 35 cases (47.3%). Of the 35 emergency patients, 34 cases (97.1%) underwent open surgery, and a stoma was established for 26 patients (74.3%). Elective surgery was performed in 39 cases (52.7%), including 21 open procedures (53.8%), and 18 laparoscopic surgeries (46.2%). Median laparoscopic operation time was 180 minutes, while median open surgery time was 130 minutes (P < 0.001). Median postoperative hospitalization was 11 days for laparoscopy and 12 days for open surgery. There were 20 postoperative complications (27.0%), and all were resolved with conservative management. Emergency surgery cases had a higher complication rate than elective surgery cases (40.0% vs. 15.4%, P = 0.034). @*Conclusion@#Relative to elective surgery, emergency surgery had a higher rate of postoperative complications, open surgery, and stoma formation. As such, elective laparoscopic surgery after successful sigmoidoscopic decompression may be the optimal clinical option.

13.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 186-190, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892617

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic tattooing is used to mark colorectal lesions for subsequent surgery. As a tattooing agent, India ink has been widely used but is not currently available in Korea. Indocyanine green (ICG) can be applied as an alternative agent. However, studies on colonoscopic tattooing by the direct injection of indocyanine green are lacking. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between an ICG direct injection method and an India ink saline test injection method. @*Methods@#A total of 227 patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic tattooing for colorectal neoplasm (149 patients in the ICG direct injection group and 78 patients in the India ink saline test injection group) were included in the study. The efficacy of the two methods was compared by visualization and safety was compared by evaluating the perioperative tattooing complications. @*Results@#The visualization of lesions in the ICG group was not different from that of the India ink group (p=0.42, 96.0% vs 98.7%, respectively). Only one patient in the ICG group had abdominal pain related to tattooing, but no complications developed in the India ink group. @*Conclusion@#Considering the good visualization and low complication rate, the direct injection of ICG can be used as an alternative tattooing method.

14.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 82-89, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889247

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The management of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) who have liver cirrhosis (LC) requires a thorough understanding of both diseases; however, the prognoses and postoperative outcomes of such patients remain understudied. We investigated the effect of LC on surgical and oncologic outcomes in patients with CRC, and identified prognostic factors. @*Methods@#We analyzed 453 patients with CRC and LC (CRC-LC group), 906 with CRC only (CRC group), 906 with LC only (LC group), and 1,812 healthy subjects using health insurance claim data (2008–2013). @*Results@#The CRC-LC group had a higher frequency of intensive care unit admission than the CRC group; there were no differences between the 2 groups in terms of early and late postoperative small bowel obstruction and incisional hernia. However, the 30-day, 60-day, and 90-day mortality rates were all significantly higher in the CRC-LC group. The higher Charlson comorbidity index (hazard ratio [HR], 1.127) and the lower socioeconomic status (HR, 0.985) were significant worse predictors of 5-year survival. Patients with underlying LC had a significantly higher HR in both the advanced CRC (HR, 1.858) and nonadvanced CRC (HR, 1.799) subgroups. However, the nonadvanced CRC subgroup showed a lower HR than the LC group (HR, 0.730). @*Conclusion@#Patients with CRC who had underlying LC had a lower survival rate than did those without LC, although the incidence rates of postoperative complications were not significantly different. The presence of LC was associated with a significantly lower survival rate regardless of CRC presence.

15.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 403-408, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889022

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate real-world clinical outcomes from surgically treated patients for sigmoid volvulus. @*Methods@#Five tertiary centers participated in this retrospective study with data collected from October 2003 through September 2018, including demographic information, preoperative clinical data, and information on laparoscopic/open and elective/emergency procedures. Outcome measurements included operation time, postoperative hospitalization, and postoperative morbidity. @*Results@#Among 74 patients, sigmoidectomy was the most common procedure (n = 46), followed by Hartmann’s procedure (n = 23), and subtotal colectomy (n = 5). Emergency surgery was performed in 35 cases (47.3%). Of the 35 emergency patients, 34 cases (97.1%) underwent open surgery, and a stoma was established for 26 patients (74.3%). Elective surgery was performed in 39 cases (52.7%), including 21 open procedures (53.8%), and 18 laparoscopic surgeries (46.2%). Median laparoscopic operation time was 180 minutes, while median open surgery time was 130 minutes (P < 0.001). Median postoperative hospitalization was 11 days for laparoscopy and 12 days for open surgery. There were 20 postoperative complications (27.0%), and all were resolved with conservative management. Emergency surgery cases had a higher complication rate than elective surgery cases (40.0% vs. 15.4%, P = 0.034). @*Conclusion@#Relative to elective surgery, emergency surgery had a higher rate of postoperative complications, open surgery, and stoma formation. As such, elective laparoscopic surgery after successful sigmoidoscopic decompression may be the optimal clinical option.

16.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 149-156, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762693

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Rectovaginal fistula can result from various causes and diverse surgical procedures have developed as a result. We investigated the outcomes of surgical treatments for rectovaginal fistula according to causes and procedures. METHODS: Between 1998 and 2016, 92 patients underwent 128 operations for rectovaginal fistula. Prospectively collected data were recorded, and a retrospective review was conducted. RESULTS: The median age was 49 years, and low fistula occurred in 58 patients (63.0%). The most common cause was radiation therapy, followed by pelvic operation, birth injury, perineal operation, cancer invasion, and trauma. The most common procedure during the first operation was diverting ostomy alone, followed by transanal rectal advancement flap, sphincteroplasty with perineoplasty, bowel resection, fistulectomy with seton placement, and Martius flap. Thirty-one patients (33.7%) experienced successful closure after the first operation. Repeated operations were performed in 16 patients (17.4%), including gracilis muscle transpositions, stem cell injections, and Martius flaps. The overall success rate was 42.4% (n = 39). Radiation therapy and pelvic operation as cause of fistula were significantly poor prognostic factors (P = 0.010, P = 0.045) and Crohn disease had a tendency for poor prognostic factors (P = 0.058). CONCLUSION: Radiation therapy and pelvic operation for cancer were more common causes than birth injury, and these causes of rectovaginal fistula were the most important prognostic factors. An individualized approach and repeated surgeries with complex or newly developed procedures, even among high-risk causes of fistula, may be necessary to achieve successful closure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Birth Injuries , Crohn Disease , Fistula , Ostomy , Prospective Studies , Rectovaginal Fistula , Rectum , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cells , Tertiary Care Centers , Vagina
17.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 285-288, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762325

ABSTRACT

An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a solid tumor of unknown etiology frequently affecting children and young adults and commonly affecting the lung or orbital region. We present a case involving a 41-year-old man who had an IMT combined with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in the retroperitoneum. He presented with only pain in the right lower abdomen without accompanying symptoms; a retroperitoneal mass was found on computed tomography. The tumor had invaded the end of the ileum and was attached to the omentum, so mass excision could not be performed. The tumor was completely excised surgically and had histological features diagnostic of an IMT. Histologic findings of the omentum were positive for Ziehl-Nielsen staining for acid-fast bacilli and for a positive polymerase chain reaction for M. tuberculosis. The patient had no apparent immune disorder. These findings made this case exceptional because IMTs, which are mostly due to atypical mycobacteria, have been found mainly in immunocompromised patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Young Adult , Abdomen , Ileum , Immune System Diseases , Immunocompromised Host , Inflammation , Lung , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Myofibroblasts , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria , Omentum , Orbit , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tuberculosis
18.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 83-93, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762300

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the oncologic outcomes of locally advanced rectal cancer patients who underwent preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery and determined the prognostic significance of pathologic complete response (pCR). METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2015, 580 patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgery after neoadjuvant CRT were identified. Survival according to tumor response to CRT and pathologic stage was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify factors associated with survival outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 111 patients (23.7%) achieved pCR while the other 469 patients showed residual disease. Patients with pCR had a lower pretreatment carcinoembryonic antigen level and earlier cT classification than those with residual disease. With a median follow-up of 78 months, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly better in the pCR group than in the residual disease group. The 5-year DFS and 5-year OS for patients with ypStage 0, I, II, or III were 92.5%, 85.1%, 72.2%, 54.3% (P < 0.001) and 94.5%, 91.0%, 83.1%, 69.3%, respectively (P < 0.001). Pathologic AJCC stage after CRT was the most statistically significant independent predictor of OS (HR, 6.97 [95% confidence interval, 3.16–15.39] for stage III vs. stage 0) and DFS (HR, 7.30 [95% confidence interval, 3.63–14.67] for stage III vs. stage 0). CONCLUSION: Rectal cancer patients who achieved pCR showed improved survival compared to those with residual disease after preoperative CRT. Moreover, pCR was an independent indicator of OS and DFS, and pathologic AJCC stage was correlated with survival after preoperative CRT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Chemoradiotherapy , Classification , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proportional Hazards Models , Rectal Neoplasms
19.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 102-107, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788013

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Studies investigating the appropriate post-surgery follow-up method for elderly patients with colorectal cancer are limited. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare survival rates between two follow-up methods in patients aged 80 years or older who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer.METHODS: Between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2010, 165 patients aged 80 years or older underwent curative resection for non-metastatic colorectal cancer at the Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital. Sixty-six of these patients were excluded due to the lack of follow-up, while the remaining 99 were included in our study. These 99 patients were divided into the following two groups depending on their post-surgery follow-up method. Patients who underwent follow-up on a regular basis, which was defined as once every six months to one year, with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and computed tomography (CT) comprised the Regular group, and those who received follow-up with CEA alone or underwent CT procedures once every two years or more comprised the Minimal group. Overall survival was analyzed with the log-rank test and Cox regression analysis.RESULTS: Of the 99 patients, 62 were in Regular group and 37 were in Minimal group. There was no difference in overall survival rate between the two post-surgery follow-up methods (regular group vs. minimal group: 51.6% vs. 50.9% [5-year overall survival rate], P=0.819). Additionally, no significant differences was detected between the groups following multivariate analysis (harzard ratio=0.907; 95% confidence interval=0.460–1.788, P=0.777).CONCLUSION: A significant survival gain was not observed between Regular and Minimal group. To draw a more definite conclusion, a multi-center randomized research study should be conducted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Colorectal Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Seoul , Survival Rate
20.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 118-125, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788010

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nutrition status is an important factor for perioperative morbidity in cancer surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the malnutrition risk, determined by Seoul National University Hospital-nutrition screening index (SNUH-NSI), on operative morbidity after colorectal surgery for cancer.METHODS: This study enrolled 2,462 patients who had undergone colectomy for initially diagnosed colorectal cancer at Seoul National University Hospital from January 2011 to December 2014. We collected general patient information, SNUH-NSI and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) at administration and related parameters (serum albumin, cholesterol, total lymphocyte counts, hemoglobin and body mass index), operative method, hospital stay and operative morbidity.RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 62.12 years, and 423 patients (17.18%) were rated as severe malnutrition risk. Patients with high risk of malnutrition by SNUH-NSI or PNI, men, higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, palliative operation, and higher stage showed higher operative morbidity (P < 0.05). On multivariate analysis, significant independent risk factors for operative morbidity were severe malnutrition by SNUH-NSI (odds ratio [OR], 1.868; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.429–2.442; P < 0.001) or PNI (OR, 1.596; 95% CI, 1.258–2.025; P < 0.001), men (OR, 1.483; 95% CI, 1.174–1.876; P=0.001), or high ASA class (OR, 1.782; 95% CI, 1.136–2.795; P=0.012).CONCLUSION: Overall nutritional status, rather than single data, shows significant association with postoperative morbidity in patients who underwent colectomy. Especially severe malnutrition determined by SNUH-NSI, is an independent risk factor for perioperative morbidity. Nutritional support to severely malnourished patient by SNUH-NSI is expected to be effective in preventing complications after colectomy of colorectal carcinoma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cholesterol , Colectomy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Malnutrition , Mass Screening , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Risk Factors , Seoul
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