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1.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 897-903, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002754

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The suicide rate in Korea was the highest among countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development in 2019. In a previous study, higher intake of vegetables and fruits was associated with a lower risk of suicidal ideation, and carotene-rich fruits and vegetables lowered the risk of depression. This study aimed to examine the direct relationship between carotene intake and suicidal ideation, adjusting for the effect on depression. @*Methods@#This study used data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) conducted in 2012, 2013, and 2015. Carotene intake was assessed through a food intake frequency survey with a 24-hour recall. Suicidal ideation and depression were assessed using the mental health section of the KNHANES. We applied logistic regression to assess the relationship between carotene intake and suicidal ideation, adjusting for potential confounders. @*Results@#A total of 5,480 females aged 19–64 years were included in this study. Carotene intake was significantly lower in the suicidal ideation group (3,034.5±1,756.4 μg/day) than in the nonsuicidal ideation group (3,225.4±1,795.1 μg/day) (p=0.015). We found a significant inverse association between carotene intake and the risk of suicidal ideation after adjusting for potential confounders (odds ratio=0.934, 95% confidence interval=0.873–0.999). @*Conclusion@#These results suggest that carotene intake may be inversely associated with the risk of suicidal ideation. Our findings may inform the development of new nutritional interventions to prevent increases in the risk of suicide worldwide.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e346-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967386

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sarcopenia is commonly found in the elderly due to a decline in muscle mass.Many researchers have performed genome-wide association studies (GWAS) to find genetic risk factors of sarcopenia. Although many studies have discovered sarcopenia associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), most of them are studies targeting Caucasians. The purpose of this study was to evaluate genetic correlation according to muscle mass in middle aged Koreans using data of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KOGES), a large population-based genomic cohort study. @*Methods@#Baseline participants were 10,030 subjects aged 40 to 69 years who were from Ansan or Anseong in Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. Among them, 9,351 subjects with laboratory data available were included in this study. To identify sarcopenia associated variants, those in the top 30% and bottom 30% of muscle mass index (MMI) were compared. A total of 7,452 people with an MMI of 30-70% were excluded. A total of 1,004 people were also excluded due to missing data. Finally, 895 people were selected for this study. The Korea Biobank Array generated 500,568 SNPs for this dataset. @*Results@#When subjects were divided into top 30% and bottom 30% of MMI, the top 30% had 169 men and 308 women and the bottom 30% had 220 men and 198 women. In men, age, body mass index (BMI), waist and hip were significantly (P < 0.005) different between top 30% and bottom 30% MMI groups. In women, age, BMI, waist, hip, and hypertension history were significantly different between the two MMI groups. There were 13 significant SNPs in men and 14 significant SNPs in women. Genes associated with variants in men based on the single-nucleotide polymorphism database (dbSNP) were LRP1B containing rs11679458 and RGS6 containing rs11848300. A gene associated with variants in women was Pi4K2A, which contained rs1189312 as a variant. In addition, rs11189312 was associated with expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) of ZFYVE27 in skeletal muscles and other SNPs of ZFYVE27 (rs10882883, rs17108378, rs35077384) known to be associated with spastic paraplegia. The eQTL analysis revealed that rs11189312 was a variant associated with SNPs of ZFYVE27. @*Conclusions@#In the demographic study, significant results were found in BMI, waist, hip, history of hyperlipidemia, and sedentary life status in male group, and significant results were found in BMI, waist, hip, and hypertension history in female group. Variant rs11189312 was found to be a novel variant affecting ZFYVE27 expressed in skeletal muscles, suggesting that rs11189312 might be related to sarcopenia as a novel discovery of this study. Further study is needed to determine the association between sarcopenia and ZFYVE27 known to be associated with spastic paraplegia.

3.
Journal of Menopausal Medicine ; : s8-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915711

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the status of bone health in women working in agriculture and analyze the associations between bone health and various vitamin D-related biomarkers. @*Methods@#This observational study enrolled women working in agriculture (n = 210) and control occupations (n = 180). The concentration of serum total 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] was measured using the Elecsys Vitamin D Total Kit, and serum vitamin D-binding protein (VDBP) was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Along with albumin, 25(OH)D and VDBP were used to calculate the concentrations of bioavailable and free 25(OH)D. Bone mineral density (BMD) and T-score were measured at lumbar 1–4 and the femur neck using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. To identify factors affecting BMD, log-linear model and linear regression analysis were performed for statistical analysis. @*Results@#Agricultural women workers showed higher serum concentrations of bioavailable 25(OH)D (12.8 ± 3.7 vs. 8.7 ± 5.1 ng/mL) and lower VDBP concentrations (201.8 ± 45.0 vs. 216.0 ± 68.2 μg/ mL) than control women. The association between these two vitamin D related-biomarkers and femur neck BMD were confirmed through univariable and multivariable linear model analysis. Although lumbar BMD did not differ between groups, the agricultural group displayed a lower femur BMD and a 4.3-fold increase in the risk of osteoporosis compared with the control group. @*Conclusions@#Women working in agriculture showed lower femur BMD than the control group. Of the vitamin D-related biomarkers tested, bioavailable 25(OH)D and VDBP were associated with BMD. As bioavailable 25(OH)D levels are affected mainly by VDBP levels, VDBP may play a role in the lower femur neck BMD values observed in the agricultural group. Thus, the measurement of VDBP concentration might be considered a simple and non-invasive method for measuring bone health status.

4.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : e1-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889694

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke. The subjects of this study consisted of patients who participated in a large-scale multi-objective cohort study of initial stage stroke patients who were admitted to 9 representative hospitals in Korea. We analyzed the distribution of the subjects who had experienced stroke a year earlier by distinguishing the group who returned home and the other group that was hospitalized in rehabilitation hospitals. Based on this distribution, we evaluated the demographic, environmental, clinical, and psychological factors that can affect the return home. Overall, there were 464 subjects in the ‘Return home’ group and 99 subjects in the ‘Rehabilitation hospitalization’ group. job status, inconvenient housing structures, residential types, diagnosis, Functional Ambulation Categories, modified Rankin Scale, Korea-Modified Barthel Index, Function Independence Measure, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Korean version of Frenchay Aphasia Screening Test, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, EuroQol-five Dimensional showed a significant difference between the 2 groups one year after the stroke. The factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke include functional status, activities of daily living, cognition, depression, stress, quality of life, job status. It is expected that factors affecting the rehabilitation of patients with stroke can be considered as basic data for establishing rehabilitation goals and treatment plans.

5.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : 1-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785553

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke. The subjects of this study consisted of patients who participated in a large-scale multi-objective cohort study of initial stage stroke patients who were admitted to 9 representative hospitals in Korea. We analyzed the distribution of the subjects who had experienced stroke a year earlier by distinguishing the group who returned home and the other group that was hospitalized in rehabilitation hospitals. Based on this distribution, we evaluated the demographic, environmental, clinical, and psychological factors that can affect the return home. Overall, there were 464 subjects in the ‘Return home’ group and 99 subjects in the ‘Rehabilitation hospitalization’ group. job status, inconvenient housing structures, residential types, diagnosis, Functional Ambulation Categories, modified Rankin Scale, Korea-Modified Barthel Index, Function Independence Measure, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Korean version of Frenchay Aphasia Screening Test, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, EuroQol-five Dimensional showed a significant difference between the 2 groups one year after the stroke. The factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke include functional status, activities of daily living, cognition, depression, stress, quality of life, job status. It is expected that factors affecting the rehabilitation of patients with stroke can be considered as basic data for establishing rehabilitation goals and treatment plans.


Subject(s)
Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Aphasia , Cognition , Cohort Studies , Depression , Diagnosis , Housing , Korea , Mass Screening , Patient Discharge , Psychology , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Stroke , Walking
6.
Brain & Neurorehabilitation ; : e1-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897398

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to investigate factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke. The subjects of this study consisted of patients who participated in a large-scale multi-objective cohort study of initial stage stroke patients who were admitted to 9 representative hospitals in Korea. We analyzed the distribution of the subjects who had experienced stroke a year earlier by distinguishing the group who returned home and the other group that was hospitalized in rehabilitation hospitals. Based on this distribution, we evaluated the demographic, environmental, clinical, and psychological factors that can affect the return home. Overall, there were 464 subjects in the ‘Return home’ group and 99 subjects in the ‘Rehabilitation hospitalization’ group. job status, inconvenient housing structures, residential types, diagnosis, Functional Ambulation Categories, modified Rankin Scale, Korea-Modified Barthel Index, Function Independence Measure, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Korean version of Frenchay Aphasia Screening Test, Psychosocial Well-being Index-Short Form, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form, EuroQol-five Dimensional showed a significant difference between the 2 groups one year after the stroke. The factors affecting the return home one year after a stroke include functional status, activities of daily living, cognition, depression, stress, quality of life, job status. It is expected that factors affecting the rehabilitation of patients with stroke can be considered as basic data for establishing rehabilitation goals and treatment plans.

7.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 11-18, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742389

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Three-dimensional (3D) printing with a direct metal fabrication (DMF) technology has been innovatively introduced in the field of surface treatment of prostheses. The purpose of this study was to determine whether such modifications on the surface of cobalt-chromium (CoCr) alloy by titanium powder coating using DMF improves the osseointegration ability of CoCr alloy. METHODS: We compared the in vitro and in vivo ability of cells to adhere to DMF-coated CoCr alloy with machining. Biological and morphological responses to human osteoblast cell lines were examined by measuring cell proliferation rate and observing expression of actin filament. For in vivo study, we inserted different specimens in each medulla of the distal femurs of rabbit. After 3 months, the distal femurs were harvested, and a push-out test and histomorphometric analyses were performed. RESULTS: The cell proliferation rate and cell adhesion in the DMF group were higher compared with those in the machined group. Human osteoblast cells on the DMF-coated surface were more strongly adhered and well-proliferated compared with those on the other surface. In the in vivo test, there was a significant difference in the ultimate shear strength between the DMF and machined groups (2.49 MPa vs. 0.87 MPa, respectively, p = 0.001). In the histomorphometric analysis, there was a significant difference in the mean bone-to-implant contact percentages between the DMF and machined groups (72.3 ± 6.2% vs. 47.6 ± 6.9%, respectively, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Titanium coating of CoCr alloy with 3D metal printing provides optimal surface characteristics and a good biological surface both in vitro and in vivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Actin Cytoskeleton , Alloys , Cell Adhesion , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Femur , In Vitro Techniques , Osseointegration , Osteoblasts , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Prostheses and Implants , Shear Strength , Titanium
8.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 120-129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739816

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the incidence, characteristics, complications and socioeconomic impacts associated with falls in community-dwelling elderly. METHODS: From September 1, 2015 to October 12, 2015, a questionnaire-based survey was conducted involving a total of 2,012 elderly who lived in Guro-gu (Seoul), Yeongdeungpo-gu (Seoul), Yangpyeong-gu (Gyeonggi-do), Dalseong-gu (Daegu), and Jung-gu (Daegu). The subjects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire to obtain demographic characteristics and comprehensive falling histories. The socioeconomic cost related to falls was estimated using the statistical data provided by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. RESULTS: Falls were recorded in 666 out of the 2,012 subjects (33.1%) during the past year. Frequent falls occurred during December, in the afternoons, when the floor was slippery. The most common injuries included the low back and the most common injury type was sprain. The total direct costs related to falls involving the 2,012 subjects were 303,061,019 KRW (Korean won). The average medical cost related to falls in the 2,012 subjects was 150,627 KRW and the average medical cost of 666 subjects who experienced falls was 455,047 KRW. Estimates of the total population over the age of 60 years showed that the annual direct costs associated with falls in Korea over the age of 60 years were about 1.378 trillion KRW. CONCLUSION: This study was conducted to explore the incidence, characteristics, complications, and socioeconomic impacts of falls in community-dwelling elderly. This study is expected to be used as a source of basic data for the establishment of medical policy for the elderly and the development of a fall prevention program for the elderly in Korea.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Accidental Falls , Incidence , Insurance, Health , Korea , Socioeconomic Factors , Sprains and Strains
9.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 184-188, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739808

ABSTRACT

Hennekam syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder resulting from malformation of the lymphatic system. The characteristic signs of Hennekam syndrome are lymphangiectasia, lymph edema, facial anomalies, and mental retardation. This is a case in which a patient presented with left-arm lymphedema, facial-feature anomalies, and multiple organ lymphangiectasia consistent with symptoms of Hennekam syndrome. There is no curative therapy at this time, but rehabilitative treatments including complete decongestive therapy for edema control appeared to be beneficial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Edema , Intellectual Disability , Lymphatic System , Lymphedema
10.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 24-29, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-147780

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: It is challenging procedure to revise acetabular component in acetabulum with severe bone defect or deformity. The jumbo cup is good option for revisional arthroplasty in large bone defect. The purpose of this study is to compare the prognosis of revisional total hip arthroplasty using jumbo cup with peripheral rim fixation and no rim fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the patients who had performed acetabular revisional total hip arthroplasty from January 2002 to March 2015 in our institute. Total of 51 hips (51 patients) were included. The mean follow up period was 51 months (range, 12 to 154 months) and mean age was 60.7 years (range, 30 to 81 years). We divided into two groups (peripheral rim fixation group and no rim fixation group) by anteroposterior and lateral plain radiograph. We compared survival rate, hip center change and clinical outcomes between two groups. RESULTS: There were 37 patients in peripheral rim fixation group and 14 patients in no rim fixation group. There was one patient who had aseptic loosening necessary to re-revision in rim fixation group and 3 patients in no rim fixation group. And one patient had superficial infection in rim fixation group and one patient had periprosthetic fracture in no rim fixation group. Survival rate was higher in the peripheral rim fixation group (97.3%) than no rim fixation group (78.6%, P=0.028) CONCLUSION: Based on our findings, peripheral rim fixation might be recommended to improve short-term outcome after revision total hip arthroplasty using jumbo cup.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetabulum , Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Congenital Abnormalities , Follow-Up Studies , Hip , Periprosthetic Fractures , Prognosis , Survival Rate
11.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 990-997, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is muscle mass reduction in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) compared to the general population and to examine the relationship between skeletal muscle mass, quality of life (QOL), strength, and mobility in patients with AS. METHODS: A total of 30 AS patients were enrolled in this study. Skeletal muscle mass was measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, and it was expressed as the skeletal muscle mass index (SMI). QOL was assessed using the EuroQOL (EQ-5D). To measure mobility, the modified Schöber test and chest expansion test were used. To measure grip strength as a measure of muscle strength, we used the hydraulic hand dynamometer. Additionally, we divided the patients into two groups according to the degree of X-ray finding and compared the differences between the two groups. RESULTS: There was no significant reduction in skeletal muscle mass in patients with AS compared to the general population. Also, there was no significant correlation between SMI and QOL. On the other hand, there was a significant positive correlation between SMI and mobility, and grip strength. A significant positive correlation was found between mobility and QOL. Additionally, there was a statistically significant difference in mobility between the two groups according to the degree of X-ray finding. CONCLUSION: Maintaining muscle mass in AS patients may not be helpful for improving QOL, but it may contribute to achieving adequate mobility and strength.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electric Impedance , Hand , Hand Strength , Muscle Strength , Muscle, Skeletal , Quality of Life , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Thorax
12.
Archives of Craniofacial Surgery ; : 158-161, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41239

ABSTRACT

Primary cutaneous mucinous carcinoma (PCMC) is a rare malignant tumor of eccrine origin. Clinically, the carcinoma presents as a solitary, slow growing, and painless nodule. For this reason, this tumor is often considered to be a benign mass in the preoperative setting. The lesion is, however, malignant in nature and has a tendency for local recurrence and infrequent metastasis. Wide local excision is the treatment of choice. However, few reports exist with information regarding surgical margins and clinical outcomes. Herein, we report a case of PCMC excised with a narrow surgical margin and review the relevant literature. A 49-year-old man presented with a small cutaneous nodule of the right cheek. The mass was excised without any margin, but pathologic examination revealed histology of mucinous carcinoma. Because of this, the operative site was re-excised with a 5-mm margin, and the wound was closed using a V-Y advancement flap. Systemic work-up did not reveal other potential metastatic primary, for a final diagnosis of PCMC. We report this case of PCMC, treated with relatively narrow margin in a patient with good prognostic factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Cheek , Diagnosis , Mucins , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Wounds and Injuries
13.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 24-28, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146500

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with aplastic anemia (AA) are now living longer and therefore are at increased risk for the development of osteonecrosis of the hip. However, studies on the results of total hip arthroplasty (THA) are lacking. The purpose of this study is to present the result of THA in patients with AA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data for a group of 29 patients (45 hips) with AA who presented to our institution for THA between May 2008 and May 2012. All hips were replaced because of osteonecrosis of the femoral head. A specific prospective protocol was followed for the perioperative transfusion of platelets and blood. The clinical and radiographic evaluations were done, and the minimum follow-up period was 3 years (mean, 49.2 months; range, 36 to 84 months). RESULTS: Three hips had excessive perioperative bleeding and hematoma formation, and then hematoma evacuations were done; one hip was finally revised because of infection of acetabular component. One patient with poorly controlled AA died due to delayed infection on the hip joint. All hips showed stable fixation, and the mean Harris hip score was improved from 54.2 points (range, 42 to 69 points) preoperatively to 90.8 points (range, 73 to 97 points) at the time of the latest follow-up. CONCLUSION: In the present study, the durability of implant fixation was maintained and the clinical results demonstrated a sustained increase in function of the hip. Postoperatively, paying attention to bleeding and infection should be needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acetabulum , Anemia, Aplastic , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Hip , Hip Joint , Osteonecrosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
14.
Intestinal Research ; : 74-79, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78093

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Age, sex, gene and life style are modulating risks for colon cancer. Although alcohol intake may impact on colorectal adenoma, clear association has not been established yet. We aimed to investigate effects of alcohol consumption on the characteristics of colorectal adenoma. METHODS: Patients who underwent colonoscopic polypectomy of colorectal adenoma in the department of gastroenterology of Eulji hospital through 2005 to 2012, having both blood tests and ultrasound or abdominal CT examination were enrolled. The alcohol drinking patients were subdivided into normal or abnormal laboratory group, and alcoholic liver diseases group. RESULTS: 212 patients with colorectal adenoma were analyzed; advanced adenoma and multiple adenoma were found in 68 (32.0%) and 79 (37.2%) patients. When compared to the nondrinker group (120/212 patients), the alcohol drinker group (92/212 patients) represented significantly high odds ratios (ORs) for advanced adenoma (OR, 2.697; P=0.002), and multiple adenoma (OR, 1.929; P=0.039). Among alcohol drinker (92 patients), the ORs of advanced adenoma were 6.407 (P=0.003) in alcoholic liver diseases group (17 patients), 3.711 (P=0.002) in the alcohol drinker with abnormal lab (24 patients), and 2.184 (P=0.034), in the alcohol drinker with normal lab (51 patients) compared to nondrinker group. CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that alcohol drinking may influence on the development of advanced colorectal adenoma and multiplicity. Especially in the group with alcoholic liver diseases and with abnormal lab presented significantly higher ORs of advanced adenoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Alcohol Drinking , Colonic Neoplasms , Gastroenterology , Hematologic Tests , Life Style , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic , Odds Ratio , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
15.
Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society ; : 48-55, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-186070

ABSTRACT

Hallux valgus, or a 'bunion', is a deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the big toe. Surgery is indicated when conservative treatments have failed to result in improvement of symptoms. Operative techniques include simple bunionectomy, distal soft tissue procedure, phalangeal osteotomy, metatarsal osteotomy (distal, shaft, or proximal), arthrodesis (metatarsophalangeal or tarsometatarsal), or resection arthroplasty. Good results are expected when the selection of operative technique is based on the correct treatment principle.


Subject(s)
Arthrodesis , Arthroplasty , Congenital Abnormalities , Hallux Valgus , Metatarsal Bones , Osteotomy , Toes
16.
The Journal of Korean Knee Society ; : 141-146, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759096

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be an alternative method for treating distal femoral fractures in elderly patients with knee osteoarthritis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic results in patients with knee osteoarthritis who underwent TKA with the Medial Pivot prosthesis for distal femoral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight displaced distal femoral fractures in 8 patients were treated with TKA using the Medial Pivot prosthesis and internal fixation. The radiographic and clinical evaluations were performed using simple radiographs and Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee scores during a mean follow-up period of 49 months. RESULTS: All fractures united and the mean time to radiographic union was 15 weeks. The mean range of motion of the knee joint was 114.3degrees and the mean HSS knee score was 85.1 at the final follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the radiographic and clinical results, TKA with internal fixation can be considered as an option for the treatment of simple distal femoral fractures in elderly patients who have advanced osteoarthritis of the knee with appropriate bone stock.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Arthroplasty , Femoral Fractures , Follow-Up Studies , Knee , Knee Joint , Osteoarthritis , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Prostheses and Implants , Range of Motion, Articular
17.
The Korean Journal of Critical Care Medicine ; : 87-91, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-645029

ABSTRACT

Common causes of acquired tracheoesophageal (T-E) fistula are blunt trauma on the neck or chest, malignancy, long-term mechanical ventilation, and post-intubation injury. Most of the cases are fatal due to severe respiratory infection. We experienced two cases of post-intubation T-E fistula in patients with a history of tracheostomy that developed earlier than usual. One case was caused by excessive cuff pressure and the other by avulsion injury during endotracheal intubation. We can get instructions from these cases that how to prevent T-E fistula because it is hard to treat and causes severe outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fistula , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Neck , Respiration, Artificial , Thorax , Tracheoesophageal Fistula , Tracheostomy
18.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 389-392, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12183

ABSTRACT

Pneumobilia almost always indicates an abnormal communication between the biliary and gastrointestinal systems. Air may occasionally enter the biliary tract in a retrograde fashion through the papilla. Transient incompetence of the sphincter of Oddi, which is produced by the passage of small biliary stones, is one rare mechanism that can explain pneumobilia. We present here a case of spontaneous pneumobilia after sphincter disruption that was presumably caused by the passage of biliary stone. A 37-year-old woman visited our hospital with the symptom of right upper quadrant pain. The pain subsided after she had an episode of severe vomiting. Plain abdominal radiography revealed that air filled the branches of the hepatic ducts, and the common bile duct had a large filling defect. We also include a review of the related literature.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Biliary Tract , Common Bile Duct , Hepatic Duct, Common , Radiography, Abdominal , Sphincter of Oddi , Vomiting
19.
Journal of Clinical Neurology ; : 127-132, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62529

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Migraine is a genetically heterogeneous disorder that is frequently associated with a familial history, and mitochondrial dysfunction has been suggested to be associated with its pathogenesis. We screened and scanned mitochondrial gene polymorphisms to determine the significance of mitochondrial DNA mutations in Korean migraineurs. METHODS: One hundred and sixty-four migraineurs aged 33.9+/-11.7 years (mean+/-SD range 12 to 65 years) were studied. Clinical data of the familial history were obtained, and blood samples were collected for DNA purification. An A-to-G substitution at mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) position 11,084 (A11084G) was determined by a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with BsmI restriction. In addition, new single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites in the mitochondrial genome were scanned for using PCR and direct sequencing. RESULTS: Ninety-eight migraine patients (59.8%) had a maternal familial history. The A11084G polymorphism, which was previously reported in 25% of Japanese migraineurs, was not evident in our Korean migraine patients. However, scanning of new SNP sites in mtDNA revealed six candidate SNPs whose incidences were higher in migraine patients than in normal subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Our study found no association between the A11084G polymorphism in mitochondrial DNA and migraine in Koreans. However, we found potential new mitochondrial SNP sites in Korean migraineurs, which warrant further investigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , DNA , DNA, Mitochondrial , Genes, Mitochondrial , Genome, Mitochondrial , Incidence , Mass Screening , Migraine Disorders , Mitochondria , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
20.
Korean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; : 2184-2189, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-16770

ABSTRACT

Prolactin-secreting adenomas are the most common pituitary tumors resulting in hyperprolactinemia which is one of the most important causes of female infertility with amenorrhea or galactorrhea. Although it is reported that spontaneous pregnancy occured in these patients using bromocriptine treatment or ovulation induction, it is very rare to find a pituitary tumor during a pregnancy by having neurological symptoms of headache, diplopia or visual disturbance. We experienced a case of normal delivery after symptom improvement and maintenance of pregnancy by administration of bromocriptine in a 27 year-old primigravida with diplopia and visual disturbance due to prolactin-secreting pituitary macroadenoma, which is diagnosed by brain MRI scan and serum prolactin level. A brief review of related literature was done.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Adenoma , Amenorrhea , Brain , Bromocriptine , Diplopia , Galactorrhea , Headache , Hyperprolactinemia , Infertility, Female , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ovulation Induction , Pituitary Neoplasms , Prolactin
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