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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e34-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967400

ABSTRACT

Background@#The risk of device thrombosis and device-oriented clinical outcomes with bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) was reported to be significantly higher than with contemporary drug-eluting stents (DESs). However, optimal device implantation may improve clinical outcomes in patients receiving BVS. The current study evaluated mid-term safety and efficacy of Absorb BVS with meticulous device optimization under intravascular imaging guidance. @*Methods@#The SMART-REWARD and PERSPECTIVE-PCI registries in Korea prospectively enrolled 390 patients with BVS and 675 patients with DES, respectively. The primary endpoint was target vessel failure (TVF) at 2 years and the secondary major endpoint was patientoriented composite outcome (POCO) at 2 years. @*Results@#Patient-level pooled analysis evaluated 1,003 patients (377 patients with BVS and 626 patients with DES). Mean scaffold diameter per lesion was 3.24 ± 0.30 mm in BVS group.Most BVSs were implanted with pre-dilatation (90.9%), intravascular imaging guidance (74.9%), and post-dilatation (73.1%) at proximal to mid segment (81.9%) in target vessel.Patients treated with BVS showed comparable risks of 2-year TVF (2.9% vs. 3.7%, adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.283, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.487–3.378, P = 0.615) and 2-year POCO (4.5% vs. 5.9%, adjusted HR, 1.413, 95% CI, 0.663–3.012,P = 0.370) than those with DES. The rate of 2-year definite or probable device thrombosis (0.3% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.424) was also similar. The sensitivity analyses consistently showed comparable risk of TVF and POCO between the 2 groups. @*Conclusion@#With meticulous device optimization under imaging guidance and avoidance of implantation in small vessels, BVS showed comparable risks of 2-year TVF and device thrombosis with DES.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-422, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003229

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The incidence and prognostic implications of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are controversial, especially for Korean patients. Furthermore, the pattern of antithrombotic therapy for these patients is unknown. The present study sought to identify the impact of AF on Korean patients undergoing TAVI and demonstrate the status of antithrombotic therapy for these patients. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 660 patients who underwent TAVI for severe AS were recruited from the nationwide K-TAVI registry in Korea. The enrolled patients were stratified into sinus rhythm (SR) and AF groups. The primary endpoint was all-cause death at 1-year. @*Results@#AF was recorded in 135 patients [pre-existing AF 108 (16.4%) and new-onset AF 27 (4.1%)]. The rate of all-cause death at 1 year was significantly higher in patients with AF than in those with SR [16.2% vs. 6.4%, adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 2.207, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.182–4.120, p=0.013], regardless of the onset timing of AF. The rate of new pacemaker insertion at 1 year was also significantly higher in patients with AF than in those with SR (14.0% vs. 5.5%, adjusted HR: 3.137, 95%CI: 1.621–6.071, p=0.001).Among AF patients, substantial number of patients received the combination of multiple antithrombotic agents (77.8%), and the most common combination was that of aspirin and clopidogrel (38.1%). @*Conclusion@#AF was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality and new pacemaker insertion in Korean patients undergoing TAVI.

3.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 350-365, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926997

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#While switching strategies of P2Y12 receptor inhibitors (RIs) have sometimes been used in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients, the current status of in-hospital P2Y12RI switching remains unknown. @*Methods@#Overall, 8,476 AMI patients who underwent successful revascularization from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) were divided according to in-hospital P2Y12RI strategies, and net adverse cardiovascular events (NACEs), defined as a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) major bleeding during hospitalization were compared. @*Results@#Patients with in-hospital P2Y12RI switching accounted for 16.5%, of which 867 patients were switched from clopidogrel to potent P2Y12RI (C-P) and 532 patients from potent P2Y12RI to clopidogrel (P-C). There were no differences in NACEs among the unchanged clopidogrel, the unchanged potent P2Y12RIs, and the P2Y12RI switching groups. However, compared to the unchanged clopidogrel group, the C-P group had a higher incidence of non-fatal MI, and the P-C group had a higher incidence of TIMI major bleeding. In clinical events of in-hospital P2Y12RI switching, 90.9% of non-fatal MI occurred during pre-switching clopidogrel administration, 60.7% of TIMI major bleeding was related to pre-switching P2Y12RIs, and 71.4% of TIMI major bleeding was related to potent P2Y12RIs. Only 21.6% of the P2Y12RI switching group switched to P2Y12RIs after a loading dose (LD); however, there were no differences in clinical events between patients with and without LD. @*Conclusions@#In-hospital P2Y12RI switching occurred occasionally, but had relatively similar clinical outcomes compared to unchanged P2Y12RIs in Korean AMI patients. Non-fatal MI and bleeding appeared to be mainly related to pre-switching P2Y12RIs.

4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 354-364, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926539

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives@#To compare the safety and efficacy of a new everolimus-eluting stent with an abluminal-coated biodegradable polymer (Osstem Cardiotec Centum) with those of the Xience Alpine stent (Xience). @*Methods@#This randomized, prospective, multicenter, parallel-designed, single-blind trial was conducted among patients with myocardial ischemia undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) from 21st September 2018 until 3rd July 2020. The primary efficacy endpoint was in-segment late lumen loss (LLL) at 270 days after the procedure and the primary safety endpoints were major adverse cardiac events (MACE), composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization. @*Results@#We enrolled 121 patients and analyzed 113 patients who finished 270 days of followup for the primary efficacy endpoint. The mean age of the participants was 66.8 years. As for the primary efficacy endpoint, LLL of the Osstem Cardiotec Centum group was 0.09±0.13 mm and that of the Xience group was 0.12±0.14 mm (upper limit of 1-sided 95% confidence interval, 0.02; p for non-inferiority, 0.0084). This result demonstrates the non-inferiority of the Osstem Cardiotec Centum. As for the primary safety endpoint, MACE occurred in one patient (1.59% of the Xience group). Meanwhile, no MACE occurred in the Osstem Cardiotec Centum group. @*Conclusions@#The Osstem Cardiotec Centum is non-inferior to the Xience Alpine ® stent and is confirmed to be safe. It could be safely and effectively applied to patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 444-454, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926522

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of treatment with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in a large real-world population. @*Methods@#Patients treated with DCBs were included in a multicenter observational registry that enrolled patients from 18 hospitals in Korea between January 2009 and December 2017. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF) defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization at 12 months. @*Results@#The study included 2,509 patients with 2,666 DCB-treated coronary artery lesions (1,688 [63.3%] with in-stent restenosis [ISR] lesions vs. 978 [36.7%] with de novo lesions).The mean age with standard deviation was 65.7±11.3 years; 65.7% of the patients were men.At 12 months, the primary outcome, TLF, occurred in 179 (6.7%), 151 (8.9%), 28 (2.9%) patients among the total, ISR, and de novo lesion populations, respectively. A history of hypertension, diabetes, acute coronary syndrome, previous coronary artery bypass graft, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, B2C lesion and ISR lesion were independent predictors of 12 months TLF in the overall study population. @*Conclusions@#This large multicenter DCB registry study revealed the favorable clinical outcome of DCB treatment in real-world practice in patient with ISR lesion as well as small de novo coronary lesion.

6.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 777-785, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939093

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Recurrent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an adverse cardiac event in patients with a first AMI. The predictors of recurrent AMI after the first AMI in patients who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have not been elucidated. @*Methods@#We analyzed the data collected from 9,869 patients (63.2 ± 12.4 years, men:women = 7,446:2,423) who were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health between November 2011 and October 2015, had suffered their first AMI and had received successful PCI during the index hospitalization. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent predictors of recurrent AMI following the first AMI. @*Results@#The cumulative incidence of recurrent AMI after successful PCI was 3.6% (359/9,869). According to the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the significant predictive factors for recurrent AMI were diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, atypical chest pain, and multivessel disease. @*Conclusions@#In this Korean prospective cohort study, the independent predictors of recurrent AMI after successful PCI for the first AMI were diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, atypical chest pain, and multivessel disease.

7.
Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis ; : 147-160, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938097

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Data pertaining to the prognostic value of the combination of high neutrophilto-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and anemia on admission in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical value of baseline NLR in combination with anemia in predicting clinical outcomes after STEMI. @*Methods@#A total of 5,194 consecutive patients with STEMI within 12 hours of symptom onset from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database between 2011 and 2015 were categorized into 4 groups according to their NLR and hemoglobin levels: low NLR (<4) without anemia (n=2,722; reference group); high NLR (≥4) without anemia (n=1,527); low NLR with anemia (n=508); and high NLR with anemia (n=437). The co-primary outcomes were 180-day and 3-year all-cause mortality. @*Results@#Mortality rates significantly increased at the 3-year follow-up across the groups (3.3% vs. 5.4% vs. 16.5% vs. 21.7% for 180-day mortality and 5.3% vs. 9.0% vs. 23.8% vs. 33.4% for 3-year mortality; all p-trends <0.001). After adjusting for baseline covariates, the combination of high NLR and anemia was a significant predictor of 180-day mortality after STEMI with low NLR and no anemia as the reference (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.58–2.95; p<0.001). Similar findings were observed for the 3-year mortality. @*Conclusions@#This nationwide prospective cohort study showed that the combination of high NLR (≥4) and anemia is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality after STEMI.

9.
Pediatric Emergency Medicine Journal ; : 57-65, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918672

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#As coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has been prolonged, it became crucial to analyze the long-term impact of the pandemic on emergency department (ED) utilization for efficient use of emergency medicine resources. @*Methods@#We reviewed the data of children (≤ 18 years) who visited the ED in Daejeon, Korea, from February 2019 through January 2021. This period was dichotomized by February 2020 into the reference and pandemic periods. The latter period was further divided into the early (February-August 2020) and late pandemic periods. Between the reference and pandemic periods, and between the early and late pandemic periods, we respectively compared proportions of children in all patients (including adults), age groups, high acuity (the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale 1-2), diagnostic codes, visits via ambulances, ED length of stay, and ED disposition. @*Results@#Compared to the reference and early pandemic periods, the pandemic and late pandemic periods respectively showed changes as follows: proportion of children in all patients (from 29.8% to 19.0% and from 19.8% to 18.1%; all Ps < 0.001), children younger than 5 years (from 56.7% to 49.9% and from 52.1% to 47.4%; all Ps < 0.001), high acuity (from 12.0% to 7.8% [P < 0.001] and from 8.8% to 6.7% [P = 0.004]), “Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes (S00-T98; from 30.0% to 49.0% and from 48.3% to 49.8%),” and “Diseases of the respiratory system (J00-J99; from 29.6% to 10.3% and from 12.8% to 7.5%).” Increases in the visits via ambulances, ED length of stay, children undergoing intensive care unit hospitalization or death were noted only in comparison between the reference and pandemic periods. @*Conclusion@#A long-term impact of the pandemic on ED use may be a decrease in the proportion of young or ill children.

10.
International Journal of Arrhythmia ; : e6-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835468

ABSTRACT

Background@#Implantable loop recorders (ILRs) can provide an enhanced possibility to detect atrial fibrillation (AF), but the accuracy, especially the positive predictive value (PPV), is controversial. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of ILRs for detecting AF through a comparison with Holter. @*Method and results@#Thirteen patients who underwent AF ablation were enrolled. ILRs were implanted in all patients, who were scheduled to have Holter monitorings after the procedure. The incidence of AF was compared between the two modalities and analyzed for any correlations. A total of 51 Holters (67,985.5 min) and concomitant ILRs were available for the comparison. The judgment of the presence of AF did not perfectly correlate between the ILR and Holter (Kappa = 0.866, P < 0.001). In the ILR data, the sensitivity of detecting AF on the Holter was 81.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.812–0.820; P < 0.001). The specificity was 99.9% (95% CI 0.998–0.999; P < 0.001). When the ILR detected AF, the PPV was 99.5% (95% CI 0.994–0.995), but the ILR did not detect AF, and the negative predictive value was 94.2% (95% CI 0.941–0.944). A separate analysis of AF/atrial tachycardia (AT) showed that the AT detection rate of the ILR was 2.3%. @*Conclusion@#The ILR had a low false positive value and high PPV for AF events. However, it was limited in identifying AT.

11.
International Journal of Arrhythmia ; : e7-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835467

ABSTRACT

Background@#Carvedilol is one of the most effective beta-blockers in reducing ventricular tachyarrhythmias and mortality in patients with heart failure. One of the possible antiarrhythmic mechanisms of carvedilol is the suppression of store overload-induced Ca2+ release, especially for the triggered activity. @*Objectives@#Premature ventricular complex (PVC) originating from the ventricular outflow tract (OT) is the most common form of idiopathic PVC, and its main mechanism is related to triggered activity. We evaluate the efficacy of carvedilol to suppress the OT PVC. @*Methods@#The electronic medical records at our hospital were screened to identify OT PVC patients treated with carvedilol. Clinical, electrocardiographic, and Holter monitoring studies were reviewed. @*Results@#A total of 25 patients who underwent Holter monitoring before and after carvedilol administration were found and enrolled. The mean age of the patients was 54.9 ± 13.9 years, and the mean dose of carvedilol was 18.2 ± 10.2 mg (sustained release formulation, 8/16/32 mg). The 24-h burden of PVC in 18 (72%) of 25 patients was significantly reduced from 12.2 ± 9.7% to 4.4 ± 6.7% (P = 0.006). In seven patients, the burden of PVC was changed from 7.1 ± 6.1% to 9.8 ± 8.4% (P = 0.061). There was no difference in age, carvedilol dose, duration of treatment, ventricular function, and left atrial size between responding and non-responding groups. @*Conclusion@#In this retrospective pilot study, treatment with carvedilol showed PVC suppression in 72% of patients. Now, we are conducting a prospective, randomized, multicenter study to evaluate the effect of carvedilol on OT PVC (Clinical trial registration: FOREVER trial, Clinical-Trials.gov: NCT03587558).

12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 120-129, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832987

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI).@*METHODS@#From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months.@*RESULTS@#After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31–3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.

13.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 342-350, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831831

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To date, prospective data are limited on efficacy and safety profiles of statin therapy in Korean hypercholesterolemic patients. Hence, the aim of this study was to evaluate the practice patterns of statin therapy and its efficacy and safety through the prospective Daegu and Gyeongbuk statin registry. @*Methods@#Statin naïve patients who were prescribed statins according to the criteria of Korean Guidelines for Management of Dyslipidemia were enrolled. Clinical and laboratory evaluations were performed at baseline and at week 8, where the efficacy was assessed with the same guidelines. @*Results@#Of 908 patients, atorvastatin and rosuvastatin were most frequently prescribed statins (63.1% and 29.3%, respectively). High intensity statins (atorvastatin 40 mg or rosuvastatin 20 mg) were prescribed in 24.7% of all patients and in 79.5% of high and very high risk groups. The total and low density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels decreased from 203.7 ± 43.0 to 140.6 ± 28.6 mg/dL and 134.4 ± 35.7 to 79.5 ± 21.3 mg/dL, respectively. The achievement rate of the LDL target goal was 98.6% in low risk, 95.0% in moderate risk, 88.1% in high risk, and 42.1% in very high risk patients (59.7% in overall). There was no significant difference in the efficacy between atorvastatin and rosuvastatin. Adverse events were observed in 12.0% of patients and led to 1.4% of treatment cessation. @*Conclusions@#The efficacy of the usual starting dose of statins in daily practice was relatively insufficient for Korean hypercholesterolemic patients with high or very high risks. Short-term adverse events of statin therapy were not common in Korean patients with a low discontinuation rate.

14.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 119-132, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831758

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay. @*Methods@#Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptom-to-door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center). @*Results@#A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS. @*Conclusions@#Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.

15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e349-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831696

ABSTRACT

Background@#s: The severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has spread worldwide. Cardiac injury after SARS-CoV-2 infection is a major concern. The present study investigated impact of the biomarkers indicating cardiac injury in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on patients' outcomes. @*Methods@#This study enrolled patients who were confirmed to have COVID-19 and admitted at a tertiary university referral hospital between February 19, 2020 and March 15, 2020. Cardiac injury was defined as an abnormality in one of the following result markers: 1) myocardial damage marker (creatine kinase-MB or troponin-I), 2) heart failure marker (N-terminal-pro B-type natriuretic peptide), and 3) electrical abnormality marker (electrocardiography). The relationship between each cardiac injury marker and mortality was evaluated. Survival analysis of mortality according to the scoring by numbers of cardiac injury markers was also performed. @*Results@#A total of 38 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled. Twenty-two patients (57.9%) had at least one of cardiac injury markers. The patients with cardiac injuries were older (69.6 ± 14.9 vs. 58.6 ± 13.9 years old, P = 0.026), and were more male (59.1% vs. 18.8%, P = 0.013).They showed lower initial oxygen saturation (92.8 vs. 97.1%, P = 0.002) and a trend toward higher mortality (27.3 vs. 6.3%, P = 0.099). The increased number of cardiac injury markers was significantly related to a higher incidence of in-hospital mortality which was also evidenced by Kaplan-Meier survival analysis (P = 0.008). @*Conclusion@#The increased number of cardiac injury markers is related to in-hospital mortality in patients with COVID-19.

16.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 120-129, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI).METHODS: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months.RESULTS: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31–3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924).CONCLUSIONS: Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aspirin , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemorrhage , Incidence , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stents , Stroke , Thrombosis
17.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 55-61, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787273

ABSTRACT

The optimal dose of beta blockers after acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains uncertain. We evaluated the effectiveness of low-dose nebivolol, a beta1 blocker and a vasodilator, in patients with acute MI. A total of 625 patients with acute MI from 14 teaching hospitals in Korea were divided into 2 groups according to the dose of nebivolol (nebistol®, Elyson Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., Seoul, Korea): low-dose group (1.25 mg daily, n=219) and usual- to high-dose group (≥2.5 mg daily, n=406). The primary endpoints were major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, composite of death from any cause, non-fatal MI, stroke, repeat revascularization, rehospitalization for unstable angina or heart failure) at 12 months. After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, the rates of MACCE were not different between the low-dose and the usual- to high-dose groups (2.8% and 3.1%, respectively; hazard ratio: 0.92, 95% confidence interval: 0.38 to 2.24, p=0.860). The low-dose nebivolol group showed higher rates of MI than the usual- to high-dose group (1.2% and 0%, p=0.008). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (1.1% and 0.3%, p=0.273), stroke (0.4% and 1.1%, p=0.384), repeat PCI (1.2% and 0.8%, p=0.428), rehospitalization for unstable angina (1.2% and 1.0%, p=0.743) and for heart failure (0.6% and 0.7%, p=0.832). In patients with acute MI, the rates of MACCE for low-dose and usual- to high-dose nebivolol were not significantly different at 12-month follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angina, Unstable , Follow-Up Studies , Heart , Heart Failure , Hospitals, Teaching , Hypertension , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Nebivolol , Observational Study , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta , Seoul , Stroke
18.
Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis ; : 242-251, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765661

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate under target rates of low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) in Korean patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in real world practice. METHODS: Dyslipidemia International Study II was an international observational study of patients with stable CAD or an ACS. Lipid profiles and use of lipid-lowering therapy (LLT) were documented at enrollment, and for the ACS cohort, 4 months follow-up was recommended. Rates of under target LDL-C as per European guidelines, were evaluated, and multivariate regression was performed to identify predictive factors of patients presenting under the target. RESULTS: A total of 808 patients were enrolled in Korea, 500 with stable CAD and 308 with ACS. Of these, 90.6% and 52.6% were being treated with LLT, respectively. In the stable CAD group, 40.0% were under target LDL-C, while in ACS group, the rate was 23.7%. A higher statin dose was independently associated with under target LDL-C in both groups (OR, 1.03; p=0.046 [stable CAD] and OR, 1.05; p=0.01 [ACS]). The mean statin dosage (atorvastatin equivalent) was 17 mg/day. In the 79 ACS patients who underwent the follow-up examination, the LDL-C under target rate rose to 59.5%. CONCLUSION: Only a minority of patients with stable CAD or ACS were under their target LDL-C level at enrollment. The statin dose was not sufficient in the majority of patients. These results indicate a considerable LLT gap in Korean patients with established CAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Cholesterol , Cohort Studies , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Dyslipidemias , Follow-Up Studies , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Korea , Observational Study
19.
Journal of Lipid and Atherosclerosis ; : 208-220, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Data on the intensity of statin therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and very low baseline low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level are lacking. We sought to assess the impact of statin intensity in patients with acute MI and LDL cholesterol <70 mg/dL. METHODS: A total of 1,086 patients with acute MI and baseline LDL cholesterol <70 mg/dL from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database were divided into less intensive statin (expected LDL reduction <40%, n=302) and more intensive statin (expected LDL reduction ≥40%, n=784) groups. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), a composite of cardiac death, MI, revascularization occurring at least 30 days after admission, and stroke, at 12 months. RESULTS: After 1:2 propensity matching, differences were not observed between less intensive (n=302) and more intensive statin (n=604) groups in incidence of cardiac death (0.3% vs. 0.3%) and hemorrhagic stroke (0.3% vs. 0.5%, p=0.727) at 12 months. Compared with the less intensive statin group, the more intensive statin group showed lower target-vessel revascularization (4.6% vs. 1.8%, p=0.027) and MACCE (11.6% vs. 7.0%, p=0.021). Major bleeding was not different between less intensive and more intensive statin groups (1.0% vs. 2.6%, p=0.118). CONCLUSION: More intensive statin therapy was associated with significantly lower major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute MI and very low LDL cholesterol compared with less intensive statin therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, LDL , Death , Hemorrhage , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Incidence , Korea , Lipoproteins , Myocardial Infarction , Stroke
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 771-793, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759479

ABSTRACT

Compared to the luminogram obtained by angiography, intravascular modalities produce cross-sectional images of coronary arteries with a far greater spatial resolution. It is capable of accurately determining the vessel size and plaque morphology. It also eliminates some disadvantages such as contrast streaming, foreshortening, vessel overlap, and angle dependency inherent to angiography. Currently, the development of its system and the visualization of coronary arteries has shown significant advancement. Of those, optical coherence tomography (OCT) makes it possible to obtain high-resolution images of intraluminal and transmural coronary structures leading to navigation of the treatment strategy before and after stent implantations. The aim of this review is to summarize the published data on the clinical utility of OCT, focusing on the use of OCT in interventional cardiology practice to optimize percutaneous coronary intervention.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Cardiology , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Rivers , Stents , Tomography, Optical Coherence
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