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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 82-87, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919610

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Gait evaluation in patients with dizziness is essential during both initial evaluation and vestibular rehabilitation. Inertial measurement unit (IMU)-based gait analysis systems are clinically applicable in patients with dizziness. Since dizzy patients can utilize visual inputs to compensate for vestibular deficits, it is more difficult for them to walk with their eyes closed (EC). In this study, we compared gait characteristics during forward walking with both eyes open (EO) and EC between healthy subjects and dizzy patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Forty-nine healthy controls (mean age 37.18±10.71 years) and 23 patients with dizziness (mean age 49.25± 15.16 years) were subjected to vestibular and gait analyses. Medical histories, physical examinations, and vestibular function tests ruled out possible vestibular deficits in the controls. Subjects were instructed to walk at a comfortable pace for 10 m under two conditions (EO or EC). Spatiotemporal parameters, kinematics, and simulated kinetics of each gait recording were recorded using a shoe-type IMU system and analyzed. @*Results@#Although gait speeds were slower, stride lengths were smaller, and double support times were increased under the EC, compared to the EO condition, in both healthy subjects and dizzy patients, the difference was more prominent in dizzy patients.Phase coordination index values did not differ significantly in either group. Gait asymmetry (GA) increased significantly under the EC condition, compared to the EO condition, in dizzy patients. @*Conclusion@#GA during forward walking was greater in dizzy patients under an EC condition than under an EO condition.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875453

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are the most widely prescribed medication for patients with vasospastic angina (VA). However, few studies have compared the prognosis of VA patients who are prescribed different CCBs. @*Methods@#We enrolled 2,960 patients who received provocation test prospectively in 11 university hospitals in Korea. We divided 1,586 patients received four major CCBs into two groups: a first generation CCB (diltiazem and nifedipine) group and a second generation CCB (amlodipine and benidipine) group. Primary outcome was time to events of composite of death from any cause, acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and symptomatic arrhythmia during 3-year follow-up. We also compared the effect of each CCB on the control of angina symptoms. @*Results@#There was no difference of the primary outcome among the two groups with a cumulative incidence rate of 5.4%, 2.9%, and a person-month incidence rate of 2.33 and 1.26, respectively (hazard ratio [HR], 0.54; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.25 to 1.17; p = 0.120, as reference with the 1st generation CCBs). The incidence of ACS was significantly lower in 2nd generation CCBs group with a person-month incidence rate of 1.66 vs. 0.35 (HR, 0.22; 95% CI, 0.05 to 0.89; p = 0.034). Use of benidipine showed a significant better control of angina symptom compared with diltiazem for 3 years (odds ratio, 0.17; 95% CI, 0.09 to 0.32; p < 0.0001 at 3rd year). @*Conclusions@#The first and second generation CCB groups did not differ in terms of composite outcome occurrence. However, the ACS incidence rate was significantly lower in the users of the 2nd generation CCBs.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898664

ABSTRACT

Background@#There is little data regarding types of idiopathic premature ventricular complex (PVC) according to heart rate dependence. @*Methods@#One hundred and sixty-eight patients with idiopathic PVC were enrolled in this study. Evaluation of the number of PVCs and total ventricular beats, and the density of PVC was done using 24 h Holter monitoring. Patients were divided into groups as having: fast rate-dependent (Group I), slow rate-dependent (Group II), and heart rateindependent PVC (Group III) based on the relationship between the number of hourly PVC and hourly heart rate. After ß-blocker medication, 24 h Holter monitoring was repeated. @*Results@#Among the 168 subjects, 66 (39.3%) patients were in Group I, 18 (10.7%) in Group II, and 84 (50.0%) in Group III. There were no significant differences in the baseline number of PVCs and total ventricular beats, and the density of PVC among the three groups. The number of PVCs was significantly reduced in patients with Group I (14,030 ± 11,463 beats/day vs. 7401 ± 10,464 beats/day, p < 0.001), and total ventricular beat was significantly reduced in patients with Group I (109,223 ± 17,564 beats/day vs. 96,182 ± 15,594 beats/day, p < 0.001) and Group III (106,515 ± 13,468 beats/ day vs. 97,995 ± 12,960 beats/day, p < 0.001) after ß-blocker medication. The density of PVC was significantly reduced only in patients of Group I (12.9 ± 10.3% vs. 7.4 ± 10.3%, p = 0.001) after ß-blocker medication. @*Conclusions@#The type of PVC according to the heart rate dependence should be considered when treating idi‑ opathic PVC with ß-blockers.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890960

ABSTRACT

Background@#There is little data regarding types of idiopathic premature ventricular complex (PVC) according to heart rate dependence. @*Methods@#One hundred and sixty-eight patients with idiopathic PVC were enrolled in this study. Evaluation of the number of PVCs and total ventricular beats, and the density of PVC was done using 24 h Holter monitoring. Patients were divided into groups as having: fast rate-dependent (Group I), slow rate-dependent (Group II), and heart rateindependent PVC (Group III) based on the relationship between the number of hourly PVC and hourly heart rate. After ß-blocker medication, 24 h Holter monitoring was repeated. @*Results@#Among the 168 subjects, 66 (39.3%) patients were in Group I, 18 (10.7%) in Group II, and 84 (50.0%) in Group III. There were no significant differences in the baseline number of PVCs and total ventricular beats, and the density of PVC among the three groups. The number of PVCs was significantly reduced in patients with Group I (14,030 ± 11,463 beats/day vs. 7401 ± 10,464 beats/day, p < 0.001), and total ventricular beat was significantly reduced in patients with Group I (109,223 ± 17,564 beats/day vs. 96,182 ± 15,594 beats/day, p < 0.001) and Group III (106,515 ± 13,468 beats/ day vs. 97,995 ± 12,960 beats/day, p < 0.001) after ß-blocker medication. The density of PVC was significantly reduced only in patients of Group I (12.9 ± 10.3% vs. 7.4 ± 10.3%, p = 0.001) after ß-blocker medication. @*Conclusions@#The type of PVC according to the heart rate dependence should be considered when treating idi‑ opathic PVC with ß-blockers.

5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 635-639, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833342

ABSTRACT

Cavovarus deformity is considered an anatomical risk factor for chronic lateral ankle instability (CLAI). However, subtle deformity can be difficult to detect, and its correction is controversial. The current study aimed to evaluate clinical and radiographic outcomes of a modified Broström procedure (MBP) with additional procedures for CLAI with subtle cavovarus deformity and a positive peek-a-boo heel sign. We reviewed the records of 15 patients who underwent MBP with additional procedures for CLAI with a positive peek-a-boo heel sign between August 2009 and April 2015. Consecutive physical and radiographic examinations were performed. The visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, and the Karlsson-Peterson (KP) ankle score were applied to assess clinical outcomes. Weight bearing radiographs, hindfoot alignment view, and ankle stress radiographs were also examined. The mean follow-up period was 58.5 months. Calcaneal lateral closing wedge osteotomy was performed in seven patients to correct fixed hindfoot varus, and first metatarsal dorsiflexion osteotomy was performed in 11 patients to correct plantarflexion of the first ray. Three patients underwent both procedures. Mean VAS, AOFAS, and KP ankle scores improved significantly (p=0.001), and instability did not recur. Radiographically, all stress parameters improved significantly (p=0.007). Simultaneous correction of a positive peek-a-boo heel sign and cavovarus deformity with MBP for CLAI improves clinical outcomes and prevents recurrent instability. A comprehensive evaluation and cautious approach for subtle cavovarus deformity should be followed when treating patients with CLAI. This trial is registered on Clinical Research Information Service (CRiS, KCT0003287).

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739481

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bibliometrics is increasingly used to assess the quantity and quality of scientific research output in many research fields worldwide. This study aims to update Korea's worldwide research productivity in the field of orthopedics using bibliometric methods and to provide Korean surgeons and researchers with insights into such research. METHODS: Articles published in the top 15 orthopedic journals between 2008 and 2017 were retrieved using the Web of Science. The number of articles, citations and h-index (Hirsch index), funding sources, institutions, and journal patterns were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the total 39,494 articles, Korea's contribution accounted for 5.6% (2,161 articles), ranking fifth in the world in the number of publications. Korea ranked sixth (with 29,456) for total citations worldwide but ranked 17th (13.64) in terms of average citation per item and 14th (55) in terms of h-index. Korea showed the most prolific productivity in the field of sports medicine and arthroscopy. The institution that produced the highest number of publications was Seoul National University (n = 386, 17.9%). CONCLUSIONS: Orthopedic research in South Korea demonstrated high productivity in terms of the number of publications in high-quality journals between 2008 and 2017. However, total citations and average citations per article were still relatively low. Efforts should be made to increase citation rates for further improvement in research productivity in the field of orthopedics.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Bibliometrics , Efficiency , Financial Management , Journal Impact Factor , Korea , Orthopedics , Seoul , Sports Medicine , Surgeons
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98379

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical outcome of patient with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), with or without achievement of target low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), has little known information. This study investigated if target LDL-C level (below 70 mg/dL) achievements in patients with AMI showed better clinical outcomes or not. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Between May 2008 and September 2012, this study enrolled 13473 AMI patients in a large-scale, prospective, multicenter Korean Myocardial Infarction (KorMI) registry. 12720 patients survived and 6746 patients completed a 1-year clinical follow up. Among them 3315 patients received serial lipid profile follow-ups. Propensity score matching was applied to adjust for differences in clinical baseline and angiographic characteristics, producing a total of 1292 patients (646 target LDL-C achievers vs. 646 non-achievers). The primary end point was the composite of a 1-year major adverse cardiac event (MACE) including cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction (MI), target lesion revascularization (TLR) and coronary artery bypass grafting. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics were similar between the two groups. Clinical outcomes of the propensity score matched patients who showed no significant differences in cardiac death (0.5% vs. 0.5%, p=1.000), recurrent MI (1.1% vs. 0.8%, p=0.562), TLR (5.0% vs. 4.5%, p=0.649), MACEs (6.5% vs. 5.9%, p=0.644) and stent thrombosis (2.5% vs. 1.9%, p=0.560). CONCLUSION: In this propensity-matched comparison, AMI patients undergoing PCI with a target LDL-C (below 70 mg/dL) achievement did not show better clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Bypass , Death , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score , Prospective Studies , Stents , Thrombosis , Treatment Outcome
9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 135-144, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62942

ABSTRACT

Residual cardiovascular risk and failure of high density lipoprotein cholesterol raising treatment have refocused interest on targeting hypertriglyceridemia. Hypertriglyceridemia, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins, and remnant cholesterol have demonstrated to be important risk factors for cardiovascular disease; this has been demonstrated in experimental, genetic, and epidemiological studies. Fibrates can reduce cardiovascular event rates with or without statins. High dose omega-3 fatty acids continue to be evaluated and new specialized targeting treatment modulating triglyceride pathways, such as inhibition of apolipoprotein C-III and angiopoietin-like proteins, are being tested with regard to their effects on lipid profiles and cardiovascular outcomes. In this review, we will discuss the role of hypertriglyceridemia, triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and remnant cholesterol on cardiovascular disease, and the potential implications for treatment stargeting hypertriglyceridemia.


Subject(s)
Apolipoprotein C-III , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, HDL , Epidemiologic Studies , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Fibric Acids , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Hypertriglyceridemia , Lipoproteins , Risk Factors , Triglycerides
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48502

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Treatment of coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR) is still associated with a high incidence of recurrence. We aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of drug-eluting balloons (DEB) for the treatment of ISR as compared with conventional balloon angioplasty (BA) and drug-eluting stents (DES). METHODS: Between January 2006 and May 2012 a total of 177 patients (188 lesions, 64.1 ± 11.7 years old) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention for ISR were retrospectively enrolled. Clinical outcomes were compared between patients treated with DEB (n = 58, 32.8%), conventional BA (n = 65, 36.7%), or DES (n = 54, 30.5%). The primary end point was a major adverse cardiac event (MACE), defined as a composite of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and target lesion revascularization(TLR). RESULTS: Baseline characteristics were not different except for a history of previous MI, which was more frequent in patients treated by conventional BA or DES than in patients treated by DEB (40.0% vs. 48.1% vs. 17.2%, respectively, p = 0.002). The total incidences of MACEs were 10.7%, 7.4%, and 15.4% in patients treated by DEB, DES, or conventional BA, respectively (p > 0.05). TLR was more frequent in patients treated by conventional BA than in patients treated by DEB or DES, but this was not statistically significant (10.8% vs. 6.9% vs. 3.7%, p > 0.05 between all group pairs, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that percutaneous coronary intervention using DEB might be a feasible alternative to conventional BA or DES implantation for treatment of coronary ISR. Further large-scaled, randomized study assessing long-term clinical and angiographic outcomes will be needed.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty, Balloon , Coronary Restenosis , Death , Drug-Eluting Stents , Humans , Incidence , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202837

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to review the indications of ankle lateral complex reconstruction using tendon graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed using the index, "ankle, instability, lateral ligament, reconstruction" from 1990 to present (September 30, 2015). We excluded 1) modified Brostrom operation (MBO), 2) conventional tenodesis surgery, 3) review article, 4) technical note, and 5) articles written in another foreign language. We reviewed 24 papers through the publication events, operational method, the indications of surgery, and the specific features of the patient group. RESULTS: There were the indications of 1) previous ligament surgery failure, 2) situation when ligament repair is impossible due to the ligament defect, 3) severe instability (preoperative talar tilt >15degrees, anterior draw >10 mm or the difference of contralateral side talar tilt >5degrees, anterior draw >3 mm), and 4) overweight (body mass index >30 kg/m2). Other considerations included 1) generalized joint laxity and 2) workers, highly-demanded or athlete highly-affected by instability. CONCLUSION: The ankle lateral complex reconstruction using tendon graft could be indicated in patients with the possibility of MBO failure with several considerations.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Athletes , Collateral Ligaments , Humans , Joint Instability , Lateral Ligament, Ankle , Ligaments , Overweight , Publications , Tendons , Tenodesis , Transplants
12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 744-752, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77290

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare clinical and radiographic outcomes of proximal opening wedge osteotomy using a straight versus oblique osteotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 104 consecutive first metatarsal proximal opening wedge osteotomies performed in 95 patients with hallux valgus deformity. Twenty-six feet were treated using straight metatarsal osteotomy (group A), whereas 78 feet were treated using oblique metatarsal osteotomy (group B). The hallux valgus angle (HVA), intermetatarsal angle (IMA), distal metatarsal articular angle, and distance from the first to the second metatarsal (distance) were measured for radiographic evaluation, whereas the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) forefoot score was used for clinical evaluation. RESULTS: Significant corrections in the HVA, IMA, and distance from the first to the second metatarsal were obtained in both groups at the last follow-up (p<0.001). There was no difference in the mean IMA correction between the 2 groups (6.1+/-2.7degrees in group A and 6.0+/-2.1degrees in group B). However, a greater correction in the HVA and distance from the first to the second metatarsal were found in group B (HVA, 13.2+/-8.2degrees; distance, 25.1+/-0.2 mm) compared to group A (HVA, 20.9+/-7.7degrees; distance, 28.1+/-0.3 mm; p<0.001). AOFAS scores were improved in both groups. However, group B demonstrated a greater improvement relative to group A (p=0.005). CONCLUSION: Compared with a straight first metatarsal osteotomy, an oblique first metatarsal osteotomy yielded better clinical and radiological outcomes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Epiphyses/surgery , Ethnic Groups , Female , Foot , Fracture Fixation, Internal/instrumentation , Hallux Valgus/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Metatarsal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Middle Aged , Osteotomy/methods , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Upper Extremity
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1080-1086, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-207155

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to identify baseline prognostic factors of outcome in ankle osteoarthritis patients after intra-articular hyaluronic acid injection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with ankle osteoarthritis who received hyaluronic acid injection therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Each patient received weekly intra-articular hyaluronic acid injections (2 mL) for 3 weeks. Six predictors including gender, age, symptom duration, radiographic osteoarthritis stage, radiographic subchondral cyst, and fracture history were evaluated. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and patient satisfaction were evaluated as outcome measures. These predictors and outcome measurements were included in a logistic regression model for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Total of 40 consecutive patients (21 male, 19 female) were included in this study. Mean age was 60.6. Average follow up period was 13 months. The mean VAS recorded 3, 6, and 12 months after the first injection was 3.6 (SD 2.54, p<0.001), 4.33 (SD 2.9, p<0.001), and 5.3 (SD 2.7, p=0.0071), respectively, when compared to baseline VAS. Early stage disease was identified as an independent predictor associated with 'positive VAS outcome' at 3 and 6 months. Early stage disease and duration of pain less than 1 year were independent predictors associated with higher satisfaction. CONCLUSION: While hyaluronic acid injection for ankle osteoarthritis is a safe and effective treatment, careful selection of patients should be made according to the above prognostic predictors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ankle Joint/drug effects , Female , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Injections, Intra-Articular , Male , Middle Aged , Osteoarthritis/drug therapy , Prognosis , Range of Motion, Articular/physiology
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182697

ABSTRACT

Amputation of diabetic foot ulcer and infection is a critical modality for saving a patient's life from life threatening infections or ischemic limbs. However, it can cause serious handicaps or complications, such as lifetime shortening and re-amputation of the other limb. The minimal amputation is the main goal of amputation in diabetic patients. However, insufficient amputation can have a harmful effect on patients. The decision of amputation is very difficult and should be made using multidisciplinary approaches. All aspects of the patient's situation, including vascular status, degree of infection, and medical conditions should be considered. The foot surgeon should keep in mind the notion that proper amputation can lead to a new life for diabetic foot patients.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Diabetic Foot , Extremities , Foot , Humans , Ulcer
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58929

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to develop guidelines for clinical trial of the total ankle replacement system for premarket approval. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected and analyzed nine peer-reviewed articles whose quality had been proven in a previous phase. Two investigators extracted parameters for guideline criteria, including number of cases, patient age, follow-up period, failure rate, radiographic osteolysis rate, residual pain rate, and percentage of satisfaction. In addition, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were analyzed and developed. RESULTS: Eight level IV studies and one level II study were included. The average number of cases was 159 cases and the mean patient age was 63.5 years. The mean follow-up period was 4.2 years, ranging from two to nine. The average failure rate of total ankle replacement in mid- to long-term follow-up was approximately 13% (2%~32.3%). The rate of osteolysis was approximately 18%. Residual pain was common (21.4%~46%), but overall patient satisfaction was approximately 85.6% (67.5%~97%). CONCLUSION: The results could be used as criteria for designing the clinical studies, such as number of cases, patient age (over 60 years), and follow-up period (minimum two years). The clinical scoring system and 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) was the most commonly used method for clinical evaluation for total ankle arthroplasty. In addition, the overall results, including failure rate, osteolysis rate, and patient satisfaction, could be used as a parameter of guidelines for premarket approval.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Arthritis , Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle , Follow-Up Studies , Health Surveys , Humans , Osteolysis , Patient Satisfaction , Research Personnel
16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 165-168, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-135215

ABSTRACT

Although there are still controversies about whether hypertriglyceridemia is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease, recent analysis reported hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity are independent risk factors for coronary artery disease. However, the prognostic impact of hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are still remained unclear. In this issue, Han et al. investigated the prognostic impact of hypertriglyceridemia and/or central obesity on baseline in AMI patients treated with PCI. In this editorial, we have reviewed the role of hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity on the prognosis after PCI in AMI patients. Although hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity on baseline in this study had no role on the prognosis following PCI in AMI patients, to confirm for these results, further studies on this topic will be warranted in the future.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , Myocardial Infarction , Obesity, Abdominal , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Risk Factors
17.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 165-168, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-135214

ABSTRACT

Although there are still controversies about whether hypertriglyceridemia is an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease, recent analysis reported hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity are independent risk factors for coronary artery disease. However, the prognostic impact of hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are still remained unclear. In this issue, Han et al. investigated the prognostic impact of hypertriglyceridemia and/or central obesity on baseline in AMI patients treated with PCI. In this editorial, we have reviewed the role of hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity on the prognosis after PCI in AMI patients. Although hypertriglyceridemia and central obesity on baseline in this study had no role on the prognosis following PCI in AMI patients, to confirm for these results, further studies on this topic will be warranted in the future.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , Myocardial Infarction , Obesity, Abdominal , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Risk Factors
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200608

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) isolation by the magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) method in tendon tissue-derived cells compared to the colony picking method for isolation of MSCs by picking colonyforming cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human tendon-derived cells were isolated by enzyme digestion using normal tendon tissues from three donors. We used the magnetic kit and well-known MSC markers (CD90 or CD105) to isolate MSCs in tendon-derived cells using MACS. Cloning cylinders were used to isolate colony-forming cells having MSC characteristics in tendon-derived cells. Colony-forming unitfibroblast (CFU-F) assay was used to evaluate the self-renewal capacity of cells isolated using the colony picking method or MACS. For comparison of differentiation potentials into osteogenic or adipogenic lineage between two groups, alizarin red S and oil red O staining were performed at 14 days after induction of differentiation in vitro. RESULTS: Flow cytometry results showed that early passage tendon-derived cells expressed CD44 in 99.13%, CD90 in 56.51%, and CD105 in 86.19%. In the CFU-F assay, CD90+ or CD105+ cells isolated with MACS showed larger colony formation in size than cells isolated using the colony picking method. We also observed that CD90+ or CD105+ cells were constantly differentiated into both osteogenic and adipogenic lineages in cells from all donors, whereas cells isolated using the colony picking method were heterogeneous in differentiation potentials to the osteogenic and adipogenic lineages. CONCLUSION: CD90+ or CD105+ cells isolated using MACS showed superior MSC characteristics in the self-renewal and multi-differentiation capacities compared with cells isolated using the colony picking method.


Subject(s)
Clone Cells , Cloning, Organism , Digestion , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tendons , Tissue Donors
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225319

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: There have been few studies regarding the relationship between arterial stiffness and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). In the current study, we evaluated the relationship between the LVEDP and arterial stiffness in patients with hypertension (HTN). METHODS: Group I (n=34) included patients with a normal E/E' (8) without HTN, group III (n=20) included patients with a normal E/E' (8) with HTN. Aortic distensibility (AD) and the right brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) were measured. RESULTS: The mean age was 46.0+/-11.3 years. The mean value of AD was significantly lower in the group III compared to the group I. The group IV showed significantly lower AD compared to the group II. The group III demonstrated higher baPWV compared to the group I (1422+/-182 cm/sec vs. 1186+/-178 cm/sec, p<0.01), and the group IV showed higher baPWV compared to the group II (1456+/-228 vs. 1259+/-238 cm/sec, p<0.01). However, AD and baPWV were not significantly different between the group I and II, and between the group III and IV. The E/E' ratio showed a weak negative correlation with AD and a weak positive correlation with baPWV. CONCLUSION: Patients with hypertension showed a lower AD and a higher baPWV compared to those with normal blood pressure independent of the LVEDP. But the correlation between E/E' ratio and arterial stiffness suggests that a high LVEDP might not significantly influence arterial stiffness.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Humans , Hypertension , Pulse Wave Analysis , Vascular Stiffness
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact on wound healing and long-term clinical outcomes of endovascular revascularization in patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study on 189 limbs with CLI treated with endovascular revascularization between 2008 and 2010 and followed for a mean 21 months. Angiographic outcome was graded to technical success (TS), partial failure (PF) and complete technical failure. The impact on wound healing of revascularization was assessed with univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression models. Analysis of long-term event-free limb survival, and limb salvage rate (LSR) was performed by Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: TS was achieved in 89% of treated limbs, whereas PF and CF were achieved in 9% and 2% of the limbs, respectively. Major complications occurred in 6% of treated limbs. The 30-day mortality was 2%. Wound healing was successful in 85% and failed in 15%. Impact of angiographic outcome on wound healing was statistically significant. The event-free limb survival was 79.3% and 69.5% at 1- and 3-years, respectively. The LSR was 94.8% and 92.0% at 1- and 3-years, respectively. CONCLUSION: Endovascular revascularization improve wound healing rate and provide good long-term LSRs in CLI.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Analysis of Variance , Endovascular Procedures/adverse effects , Female , Foot/blood supply , Humans , Ischemia/physiopathology , Limb Salvage , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Wound Healing/physiology
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