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1.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 333-339, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000053

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Intragastric balloon (IGB) is the only available endoscopic bariatric and metabolic therapy in Korea. End-ball (Endalis) has the longest history of clinical use among the IGBs available in Korea. However, little clinical data on this system have been reported. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of End-ball in Korea. @*Methods@#We performed a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent IGB insertion (End-ball) from 2013 to 2019. Demographic and anthropometric data were collected. The efficacy and safety of IGB treatment were analyzed. @*Results@#In total, 80 patients were included. Mean age was 33.7 years and 83.8% were female. Initial body mass index was 34.48±4.69 kg/m2. Body mass index reduction was 3.72±2.63 kg/m2 at the time of IGB removal. Percent of total body weight loss (%TBWL) was 10.76%±6.76%. Percentage excess body weight loss was 43.67%±27.59%. Most adverse events were minor, and 71.4% of participants showed nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain. @*Conclusions@#IGB treatment showed good efficacy and safety profile in Korean patients with obesity. In terms of %TBWL and percentage excess body weight loss, the efficacy was similar to that in the Western population.

2.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 1-16, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968702

ABSTRACT

The introduction of device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE) in the beginning of the 21st century has revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the small intestine. In contrast to capsule endoscopy, the other main diagnostic modality of small bowel diseases, DAE has the unique advantages of allowing the observation of the region of interest in detail and enabling tissue acquisition and therapeutic intervention. As DAE becomes an essential procedure in daily clinical practice, there is an increasing need for correct guidelines on when and how it is to be performed and what technical factors should be taken into consideration. In response to these needs, the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases has developed an expert consensus statement on the performance of DAE by reviewing current evidence. This expert consensus statement particularly focuses on the indications, choice of insertion route, therapeutic intervention, complications, and relevant technical points.

3.
Intestinal Research ; : 3-19, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967001

ABSTRACT

The introduction of device-assisted enteroscopy (DAE) in the beginning of 21st century has revolutionized the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the small intestine. In contrast to capsule endoscopy, the other main diagnostic modality of the small bowel diseases, DAE has the unique advantages of observing the region of interest in detail and enabling tissue acquisition and therapeutic intervention. As DAE becomes an essential procedure in daily clinical practice, there is an increasing need for correct guidelines on when and how to perform it and what technical factors should be considered. In response to these needs, the Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases developed an expert consensus statement on the performance of DAE by reviewing the current evidence. This expert consensus statement particularly focuses on the indications, choice of insertion route, therapeutic intervention, complications, and relevant technical points.

4.
Intestinal Research ; : 20-42, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967000

ABSTRACT

Colonoscopic polypectomy is effective in decreasing the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer (CRC). Premalignant polyps discovered during colonoscopy are associated with the risk of metachronous advanced neoplasia. Postpolypectomy surveillance is the most important method for managing advanced metachronous neoplasia. A more efficient and evidence-based guideline for postpolypectomy surveillance is required because of the limited medical resources and concerns regarding colonoscopy complications. In these consensus guidelines, an analytic approach was used to address all reliable evidence to interpret the predictors of CRC or advanced neoplasia during surveillance colonoscopy. The key recommendations state that the high-risk findings for metachronous CRC following polypectomy are as follows: adenoma ≥10 mm in size; 3 to 5 (or more) adenomas; tubulovillous or villous adenoma; adenoma containing high-grade dysplasia; traditional serrated adenoma; sessile serrated lesion containing any grade of dysplasia; serrated polyp of at least 10 mm in size; and 3 to 5 (or more) sessile serrated lesions. More studies are needed to fully comprehend the patients who are most likely to benefit from surveillance colonoscopy and the ideal surveillance interval to prevent metachronous CRC.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 228-235, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925003

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Small rectal neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are often managed with local resection (endoscopic or transanal excision) owing to their low risk of metastasis and recurrence. However, the clinical significance of lymphovascular invasion in resected specimens remains controversial. In this study, we aimed to analyze the frequency of and risk factors for lymph node metastasis proven by histopathologic examination after radical resection. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of 750 patients diagnosed with a rectal NET at four academic medical centers in South Korea between 2001 and 2019. The frequency of histopathologically proven lymph node metastasis and the associated risk factors were analyzed for small tumors (≤1.5 cm) with lymphovascular invasion. @*Results@#Among 750 patients, 75 had a small tumor (≤1.5 cm) with lymphovascular invasion, of whom 31 patients underwent endoscopic resection only and 44 patients underwent additional radical surgery. Among the 41 patients who underwent surgery and had available data, the rate of regional lymph node metastasis was 48.8% (20/41). In multivariate analysis, the Ki-67 index (odds ratio, 6.279; 95% confidence interval, 1.212 to 32.528; p=0.029) was an independent risk factor for lymph node metastasis. During the mean follow-up period of 37.7 months, only one case of recurrence was detected in the surgery group. The overall survival was not significantly different between radical resection and local resection (p=0.332). @*Conclusions@#Rectal NETs with lymphovascular invasion showed a significantly high rate of regional lymph node metastasis despite their small size (≤1.5 cm).

6.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 146-151, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939083

ABSTRACT

Cardiogenic dysphagia is a rare type of esophageal dysphagia caused by external compression of the esophagus by an enlarged left atrium. Long-term comparisons between the degree of cardiogenic dysphagia and heart failure have not been reported due to its low incidence. We hereby report the case of a 74-year-old woman with valvular heart disease, suspected of having oropharyngeal dysphagia following a recent intracerebral hemorrhage, who performed a swallowing function test. Videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) revealed a supraglottic penetration, confirming the oropharyngeal dysphagia. Furthermore, post-VFSS chest radiograph revealed esophageal residual barium, suggestive of reduced esophageal food transition secondary to external compression, at the level of the T6 vertebral body. Chest computed tomography showed mid-esophageal compression caused by left atrial enlargement. She had pulmonary edema which was managed with diuretics. Post-VFSS chest radiographs also revealed a direct association between the diameter of the esophageal barium residue and body weight. A reduction in body weight led to the resolution of the barium residue and vice versa. Development of cardiac dysphagia may be one of the signs of acute exacerbation of heart failure.

7.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 185-191, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903898

ABSTRACT

Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are known as the pacemaker cells of gastrointestinal tract, and it has been reported that acute gastroenteritis induces intestinal dysmotility through antibody to vinculin, a cytoskeletal protein in gut, resulting in small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, so that anti-vinculin antibody can be used as a biomarker for irritable bowel syndrome. This study aimed to determine correlation between serum anti-vinculin antibody and ICC density in human stomach. Gastric specimens from 45 patients with gastric cancer who received gastric surgery at Kangwon National University Hospital from 2013 to 2017 were used. ICC in inner circular muscle, and myenteric plexus were counted. Corresponding patient's blood samples were used to determine the amount of anti-vinculin antibody by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Analysis was done to determine correlation between anti-vinculin antibody and ICC numbers. Patients with elevated anti-vinculin antibody titer (above median value) had significantly lower number of ICC in inner circular muscle (71.0 vs. 240.5, p = 0.047), and myenteric plexus (12.0 vs. 68.5, p < 0.01) compared to patients with lower anti-vinculin antibody titer. Level of serum anti-vinculin antibody correlated significantly with density of ICC in myenteric plexus (r = −0.379, p = 0.01; Spearman correlation). Increased level of circulating anti-vinculin antibody was significantly correlated with decreased density of ICC in myenteric plexus of human stomach.

8.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 38-47, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830503

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the prevalence rate, types, characteristics, and associated factors of esophageal dysphagia detected on chest X-ray images after videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). @*Methods@#The medical records of 535 adults were reviewed retrospectively. Chest X-ray images taken after barium swallow study were analyzed and presence of any residual barium in the esophagus was considered as esophageal dysphagia. Esophageal dysphagia was classified based on the largest width of barium deposit (mild, <2 cm; severe ≥2 cm) and the anatomic level at which it was located (upper and lower esophagus). @*Results@#Esophageal residual barium on chest X-ray images was identified in 40 patients (7.5%, 40/535). Esophageal dysphagia was more frequent in individuals aged 65–79 years (odds ratio=4.78, p<0.05) than in those aged <65 years. Mild esophageal dysphagia was more frequent (n=32) than its severe form (n=8). Lower esophageal dysphagia was more frequent (n=31) than upper esophageal dysphagia (n=9). Esophageal residual barium in patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer or lung cancer was significantly associated with severe esophageal dysphagia (p<0.05) and at the upper esophagus level (p<0.01). @*Conclusion@#Esophageal residual barium was observed on chest X-ray imaging after VFSS. Esophageal barium in the upper esophagus with a diameter of ≥2 cm is an important indicator of malignancy, and chest X-ray image taken after VFSS is an important step to evaluate the presence of esophageal disorder.

9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 159-163, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834116

ABSTRACT

Serrated polyposis syndrome (SPS) can transform to malignant lesions through the sessile serrated pathway and traditional serrated pathway. These pathways may cause rapid neoplastic progression compared to the adenoma-carcinoma sequence, which may cause interval colorectal cancer. The authors experienced a case of SPS with a synchronous colon adenocarcinoma that was treated with an endoscopic mucosal resection. In pathology reviews, other parts of the adenocarcinoma showed sessile serrated adenoma. Therefore, patients with SPS have a potential for malignant transformation, highlighting the need for strict colonoscopy surveillance starting at the time of SPS diagnosis.

10.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 185-191, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896194

ABSTRACT

Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are known as the pacemaker cells of gastrointestinal tract, and it has been reported that acute gastroenteritis induces intestinal dysmotility through antibody to vinculin, a cytoskeletal protein in gut, resulting in small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, so that anti-vinculin antibody can be used as a biomarker for irritable bowel syndrome. This study aimed to determine correlation between serum anti-vinculin antibody and ICC density in human stomach. Gastric specimens from 45 patients with gastric cancer who received gastric surgery at Kangwon National University Hospital from 2013 to 2017 were used. ICC in inner circular muscle, and myenteric plexus were counted. Corresponding patient's blood samples were used to determine the amount of anti-vinculin antibody by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Analysis was done to determine correlation between anti-vinculin antibody and ICC numbers. Patients with elevated anti-vinculin antibody titer (above median value) had significantly lower number of ICC in inner circular muscle (71.0 vs. 240.5, p = 0.047), and myenteric plexus (12.0 vs. 68.5, p < 0.01) compared to patients with lower anti-vinculin antibody titer. Level of serum anti-vinculin antibody correlated significantly with density of ICC in myenteric plexus (r = −0.379, p = 0.01; Spearman correlation). Increased level of circulating anti-vinculin antibody was significantly correlated with decreased density of ICC in myenteric plexus of human stomach.

11.
Journal of Digestive Cancer Report ; (2): 45-50, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914962

ABSTRACT

Incidence of rectal neuroendocrine neoplasms (NEN) has increased tremendously over the decades due to disease awareness and widespread use of screening colonoscopy. Although NEN has been recognized as malignant disease, most rectal NENs are initially found as small mass confined to the submucosa, which can be removed completely through various endoscopic treatments with good prognosis. In this review, we summarize the treatment options focusing on localized T1 rectal NEN by comparing representative international guidelines and discuss current controversies on the management. We also discuss various resection techniques focusing on endoscopic resection.

12.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 46-50, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787172

ABSTRACT

Actinomycosis can mask malignant diseases. This paper reports a case of colonic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which was misdiagnosed as abdominal actinomycosis. A 76-year-old woman presented with right flank pain and weight loss. Abdominal CT and colonoscopy revealed a huge ascending colon mass. Despite the initial impression of a malignancy, a colonoscopic biopsy revealed no malignant cells, but sulfur granules and a filamentous organism suggesting actinomycosis. Intravenous penicillin G was administered under the impression of abdominal actinomycosis but her condition deteriorated rapidly. Follow up CT showed markedly increased colon mass and new multiple nodular lesions around the ascending colon. Sono-guided percutaneous biopsy of the nodular lesion was performed. The pathological result was DLBCL. The patient was scheduled to undergo chemotherapy but the patient expired due to cancer progression. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal infiltrating tumors is often difficult because a superficial biopsy usually does not provide a confirmative diagnosis. This case highlights the difficulty in making a correct diagnosis of lymphoma due to the concomitant actinomycosis. Malignant conditions must be considered in cases of actinomycosis with no response to antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Actinomycosis , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Flank Pain , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Masks , Penicillin G , Sulfur , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weight Loss
13.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 370-372, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787157

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Colon , Dilatation, Pathologic
14.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 116-120, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760173

ABSTRACT

Ceftriaxone is commonly used for the treatment of bacterial infection. But it may precipitate in bile causing biliary sludge, pseudolithiasis and gallstone especially in children. We report a case of ceftriaxone-induced acute pancreatitis in an old woman. An 83-year-old woman was admitted for treatment of renal stone. She had received intravenous ceftriaxone for 11 days. After percutaneous nephrolithotomy, she was discharged. After 12 days, she visited the emergency department due to epigastric pain. Laboratory finding was suggestive of gallstone pancreatitis and abdominal computed tomography revealed gallbladder stone, which was absent previously. After conservative care, she received cholecystectomy and discharged without sequelae.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Bacterial Infections , Bile , Ceftriaxone , Cholecystectomy , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gallbladder , Gallstones , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous , Pancreatitis
15.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 109-113, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742133

ABSTRACT

After gastrojejunostomy, a small space can occur between the jejunum at the anastomosis site, the transverse mesocolon, and retroperitoneum, which may cause an intestinal hernia. This report presents a rare case of intestinal ischemic necrosis caused by retroanastomotic hernia after subtotal gastrectomy. A 56-year-old male was admitted to Kangwon National University Hospital with melena, abdominal pain, and nausea. His only relevant medical history was gastrectomy due to stomach cancer. Endoscopic findings revealed subtotal gastrectomy with Billroth-II reconstruction and a bluish edematous mucosal change with necrotic tissue in afferent and efferent loops including the anastomosis site. Abdominopelvic CT showed strangulation of proximal small bowel loops due to mesenteric torsion and thickening of the wall of the gastric remnant. Emergency laparotomy was performed. Surgical findings revealed the internal hernia through the defect behind the anastomosis site with strangulation of the jejunum between 20 cm below the Treitz ligament and the proximal ileum. Roux-en-Y anastomosis was performed, and he was discharged without complication. Retroanastomotic hernia, also called Petersen's space hernia, is a rare complication after gastric surgery, cannot be easily recognized, and leads to strangulation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y , Emergencies , Gastrectomy , Gastric Bypass , Gastric Stump , Hernia , Ileum , Ischemia , Jejunum , Laparotomy , Ligaments , Melena , Mesocolon , Nausea , Necrosis , Stomach Neoplasms
16.
Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 46-50, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761524

ABSTRACT

Actinomycosis can mask malignant diseases. This paper reports a case of colonic diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), which was misdiagnosed as abdominal actinomycosis. A 76-year-old woman presented with right flank pain and weight loss. Abdominal CT and colonoscopy revealed a huge ascending colon mass. Despite the initial impression of a malignancy, a colonoscopic biopsy revealed no malignant cells, but sulfur granules and a filamentous organism suggesting actinomycosis. Intravenous penicillin G was administered under the impression of abdominal actinomycosis but her condition deteriorated rapidly. Follow up CT showed markedly increased colon mass and new multiple nodular lesions around the ascending colon. Sono-guided percutaneous biopsy of the nodular lesion was performed. The pathological result was DLBCL. The patient was scheduled to undergo chemotherapy but the patient expired due to cancer progression. The diagnosis of gastrointestinal infiltrating tumors is often difficult because a superficial biopsy usually does not provide a confirmative diagnosis. This case highlights the difficulty in making a correct diagnosis of lymphoma due to the concomitant actinomycosis. Malignant conditions must be considered in cases of actinomycosis with no response to antimicrobial therapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Actinomycosis , B-Lymphocytes , Biopsy , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Flank Pain , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Masks , Penicillin G , Sulfur , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Weight Loss
17.
Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 370-372, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761509

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Colon , Dilatation, Pathologic
19.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 473-476, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717448

ABSTRACT

Eosinophilic gastritis is characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the gastrointestinal tract, which is associated with abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting. The possible etiologies of secondary eosinophilic gastritis, including drug reactions, parasitic infestation, and malignancy, must be evaluated. Herein we report the case of a 65-year-old North Korean defector who presented with nausea and vomiting for 1 year. Secondary (reactive) eosinophilic gastritis caused by cerebral sparganosis was suspected after a workup that included brain magnetic resonance imaging, cerebrospinal fluid tapping, and gastric mucosal biopsy. The patient showed dramatic clinical improvement with high-dose praziquantel treatment. Even though secondary (reactive) eosinophilic gastritis caused by parasites is very rare, this case shows the importance of considering parasitic infection in eosinophilic gastritis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Biopsy , Brain , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Diarrhea , Eosinophils , Gastritis , Gastrointestinal Tract , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nausea , Parasites , Praziquantel , Sparganosis , Vomiting
20.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 505-507, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718205

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsule Endoscopy
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