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Journal of Rhinology ; : 175-179, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915903


In treating a nasal bone, an incomplete nasal bone reduction can result in nasal deformity, both aesthetic and functional, requiring a secondary operation. A 60-year-old female with a traumatic comminuted nasal bone fracture with septal fracture was initially treated with closed reduction, which later resulted in a saddle nose and a completely occluded nasal cavity. Later, the patient underwent a revision operation of extracorporeal septorhinoplasty with rib cartilage graft, and the postoperative course was uneventful. Herein, we present a case of complications occurring after inadequate treatment of septal fracture. Physicians should thoroughly evaluate the extent of the nasal bone fracture, including the integrity of the nasal septum, and manage accordingly.

Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835553


Background and Objectives@#Bilateral microphones with contralateral routing of signal (BiCROS) hearing aid is an option for hearing rehabilitation in individuals with asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (ASNHL). The clinical factors influencing the trial and purchase of BiCROS were investigated. @*Subjects and Methods@#We reviewed the medical records of 78 patients with ASNHL who were recommended to use BiCROS and analyzed the demographic and audiological factors influencing the trial and purchase of BiCROS. @*Results@#Among the 78 patients, 52 (66.7%) availed of the free BiCROS trial and 21 (26.9%) purchased BiCROS. The mean pure tone audiometry (PTA) air conduction (AC) threshold of the better- and worse-hearing ears were 44.2±12.8 dB and 90.7±22.5 dB HL, respectively. The decision for trial or purchase of BiCROS was not influenced by age, sex, duration of hearing loss of the worse-hearing ear, or PTA AC threshold or speech discrimination score of both ears. The first and third quartiles of the PTA AC thresholds for the better-hearing ear of BiCROS buyers were 38.75 dB and 53.75 dB HL, respectively. The counterpart values for the worse-hearing ear were 72.50 dB and 118.75 dB HL, respectively. @*Conclusions@#The clinical factors analyzed in this study were found to be irrelevant to the trial and purchase of BiCROS in patients with ASNHL. Nevertheless, the distribution range of the auditory thresholds of the subjects using BiCROS can be a useful basis for the counseling of patients with ASNHL and selection of candidates for BiCROS use.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762184


PURPOSE: Various immune cells, including eosinophils and neutrophils, are known to contribute to the development of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). However, the current understanding of the role of neutrophils in the development of CRSwNP still remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated risk factors for refractoriness of CRSwNP in an Asian population. METHODS: Protein levels of 17 neutrophil-related mediators in nasal polyps (NPs) were determined by multiplex immunoassay, and exploratory factor analysis using principal component analysis was performed. Immunofluorescence analysis was conducted to detect human neutrophil elastase (HNE) or myeloperoxidase (MPO)-positive cells. Tissue eosinophilic nasal polyp (ENP) and tissue neutrophilia (Neu(high)) were defined as greater than 70 eosinophils and 20 HNE-positive cells, otherwise was classified into non-eosinophilic nasal polyp (NENP) and absence of tissue neutrophilia (Neu(low)). RESULTS: In terms of disease control status, NENP-Neu(low) patients showed the higher rate of disease control than NENP-Neu(high) and ENP-Neu(high) patients. Linear by linear association demonstrated the trend in refractoriness from NENP-Neu(low) to NENP-Neu(high) or ENP-Neu(low) to ENP-Neu(high). When multiple logistic regression was performed, tissue neutrophilia (hazard ratio, 4.38; 95% confidence interval, 1.76-10.85) was found as the strongest risk factor for CRSwNP refractoriness. Additionally, exploratory factor analysis revealed that interleukin (IL)-18, interferon-γ, IL-1Ra, tumor necrosis factor-α, oncostatin M, and MPO were associated with good disease control status, whereas IL-36α and IL-1α were associated with refractory disease control status. In subgroup analysis, HNE-positive cells and IL-36α were significantly upregulated in the refractory group (P = 0.0132 and P = 0.0395, respectively), whereas MPO and IL-18 showed higher expression in the controlled group (P = 0.0002 and P = 0.0009, respectively). Moreover, immunofluorescence analysis revealed that IL-36R⁺HNE⁺-double positive cells were significantly increased in the refractory group compared to the control group. We also found that the ratio of HNE-positive cells to α1 anti-trypsin was increased in the refractory group. CONCLUSIONS: Tissue neutrophilia had an influence on treatment outcomes in the Asian CRSwNP patients. HNE-positive cells and IL-36α may be biomarkers for predicting refractoriness in Asians with CRSwNP. Additionally, imbalances in HNE and α1 anti-trypsin may be associated with pathophysiology of neutrophilic chronic rhinosinusitis.

Asians , Biomarkers , Eosinophils , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Immunoassay , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein , Interleukin-18 , Interleukins , Leukocyte Elastase , Logistic Models , Nasal Polyps , Necrosis , Neutrophils , Oncostatin M , Peroxidase , Principal Component Analysis , Rhinitis , Risk Factors , Sinusitis
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 578-584, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762076


PURPOSE: To evaluate the Japanese Epidemiological Survey of Refractory Eosinophilic Chronic Rhinosinusitis (JESREC) classification, a clinical scoring system, for predicting disease control status in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) and to investigate prognostic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 134 CRSwNP patients who underwent functional endoscopic sinus surgery after maximal medical treatment were enrolled. These patients were categorized into four groups according to JESREC classification: 1) non-eosinophilic CRSwNP (non-ECRSwNP), 2) mild eosinophilic CRSwNP (ECRSwNP), 3) moderate ECRSwNP, and 4) severe ECRSwNP. Disease control status among the patients was evaluated at 1 year after surgery, and the patients were divided into two groups (disease-controlled and disease-uncontrolled groups) for the investigation of prognostic factors. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in disease control status between non-ECRSwNP and ECRSwNP groups (p=0.970). Age, Lund-Mackay CT scores, global osteitis scores, tissue neutrophil count, and tissue eosinophil count were associated with disease control status. In subgroup analysis of the non-ECRSwNP group, only high tissue neutrophil count was related with disease control status, whereas for the ECRSwNP group, young age, high Lund-Mackay CT scores, high global osteitis scores, and high tissue and blood eosinophil counts were associated with disease control status. CONCLUSION: No difference in disease control status was identified between non-ECRSwNP and ECRSwNP cases. Tissue neutrophilia, however, appeared to be associated with disease control status in non-ECRSwNP cases, whereas tissue and blood eosinophilia was associated with ECRSwNP cases.

Asians , Classification , Eosinophilia , Eosinophils , Humans , Nasal Polyps , Neutrophils , Osteitis , Prognosis , Sinusitis
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215548


Stenosis of the pancreatico-enteric anastomosis is one of the major complications of pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Endoscopic stent placement, has limited success rate as a nonsurgical treatment due to altered gastrointestinal anatomy. Percutaneous treatment is rarely attempted due to the technical difficulty in accessing the pancreatic duct. We reported a case of pancreaticojejunostomy stenosis after PD, in which a pancreatic stent was successfully placed using a rendezvous technique with a dual percutaneous approach.

Constriction, Pathologic , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Pancreaticojejunostomy , Stents
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91223


In order to determine the status of Enterobius vermicularis infection among schoolchildren in suburban areas of Myanmar, 761 primary schoolchildren in 3 different townships around Yangon City were subjected to a survey using cello-tape anal swabs. The subjected schoolchildren were 383 boys and 378 girls who were 5-7 years of age. Only 1 anal swab was obtained from each child. The overall egg positive rate of E. vermicularis was 47.2% (359 positives), and sex difference was not remarkable (48.6% in boys and 45.8% in girls). However, the positive rate was the highest in South Dagon (54.6%) followed by Hlaing Thayar (43.8%) and North Dagon (34.8%). This difference was highly correlated with the living standards of the people in each township. Nucleotide sequence of the 5S rDNA from the eggs on the cello-tape (2 children) revealed 99.7% identity with that of E. vermicularis reported in GenBank. The results indicated that E. vermicularis infection is highly prevalent among primary schoolchildren around Yangon, Myanmar.

Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Enterobiasis/diagnosis , Enterobius/genetics , Female , Humans , Male , Myanmar/epidemiology , Parasite Egg Count , Prevalence , Students/statistics & numerical data