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1.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 168-175, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902370

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis has two mortality peaks, which occurs within the first 2 weeks due to organ failure and then weeks or months later as result of multi-organ failure and local complications. Although there have been several clinical and multidisciplinary evaluation measures, imaging tests, and serological tests proposed to forecast severe acute pancreatitis, there is still no single test available to reliably predict the disease severity and time of death. Future large-scale studies are required to develop an assessment scale that can accurately predict the prognosis and mortality risk of severe acute pancreatitis.

2.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 168-175, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894666

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis has two mortality peaks, which occurs within the first 2 weeks due to organ failure and then weeks or months later as result of multi-organ failure and local complications. Although there have been several clinical and multidisciplinary evaluation measures, imaging tests, and serological tests proposed to forecast severe acute pancreatitis, there is still no single test available to reliably predict the disease severity and time of death. Future large-scale studies are required to develop an assessment scale that can accurately predict the prognosis and mortality risk of severe acute pancreatitis.

3.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 198-206, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834049

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#With recent changes in the treatment of pancreatic cancer, patients’ active decision-making has become more important. Nevertheless, it is difficult to give patients proper insights into the disease. The purpose of this study was to determine associated factors between pancreatic cancer awareness and treatment decisions as well as how cancer awareness affects the timing of treatment decisions and the desired treatment method. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective study that reviewed and analyzed the electronic medical records of 110 patients who were diagnosed with pancreatic cancer from January 2013 to April 2016. A "patient with pancreatic cancer awareness" means that the patient was informed of their disease state before making the first treatment decision. @*Results@#Of all, only 63.6% of patients (n=70) were shown to have pancreatic cancer awareness before making their first treatment decision. Compared to patients without pancreatic cancer awareness, patients with pancreatic cancer awareness were younger (65.00 vs. 76.98, t=6.70, p<0.001), were more likely to have presented their spouse as legal guardians (42.9% vs. 10.0%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001), and spent a shorter time for treatment decision-making (1.6 vs. 10.5 days, t=4.26, p<0.001). The patients without pancreatic cancer awareness were more likely to opt for best supportive care compared to the patients with pancreatic cancer awareness (79.5% vs. 28.6%, χ2=31.70, p<0.001). @*Conclusions@#This study provides insights into cancer awareness. Since cancer awareness appears to influence treatment decision, it is necessary to develop guidelines to improve cancer awareness of patients.

4.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 365-369, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761510

ABSTRACT

Managing acute pancreatitis is clinically challenging because of the generally poor patient condition, the variety of treatment options depending on the severity and complications, and the uncertainty of outcomes. Recently, the step-up approach, which involves less invasive initial treatment and more invasive subsequent treatment, where necessary, has been proposed as the mainstay of managing pancreatitis. This paper presents a case of a 57-year-old man with severe acute pancreatitis, who developed an unexpected fistula in the rectum, which was treated successfully using the step-up approach. In managing this case, the authors faced clinical challenges in determining the infection of necrotic tissue in the early phase of the disease, the optimal timing and method of drainage, and the fistula closure or repair technique. Successful management of this case using the step-up approach validated current recommendations and suggests that it is a reasonable treatment strategy for pancreatic-colonic fistulas. This case also highlights the importance of an awareness that pancreatitis-associated complications can develop in an unexpected manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Colon , Drainage , Fistula , Methods , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Rectum , Uncertainty
5.
Gut and Liver ; : 93-103, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719362

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the treatment efficacy and renal safety of long-term tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) therapy in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with preserved renal function. METHODS: The medical records of 919 CHB patients who were treated with TDF therapy were reviewed. All patients had preserved renal function with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of at least 60 mL/min/1.73 m2. RESULTS: A total of 426 patients (184 treatment-naïve and 242 treatment-experienced) were included for analysis. A virologic response (VR) was defined as achieving an undetectable serum hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA level, and the overall VR was 74.9%, 86.7%, and 89.4% at the 1, 2, and 3-year follow-ups, respectively. Achieving a VR was not influenced by previous treatment experience, TDF combination therapy, or antiviral resistance. In a multivariate analysis, being hepatitis B e antigen positive at baseline and having a serum HBV DNA level ≥2,000 IU/mL at 12 months were associated with lower VR rates during the long-term TDF therapy. The overall renal impairment was 2.9%, 1.8%, and 1.7% at the 1, 2, and 3-year follow-ups, respectively. With regard to renal safety, underlying diabetes mellitus (DM) and an initial eGFR of 60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2 were significant independent predictors of renal impairment. CONCLUSIONS: TDF therapy appears to be an effective treatment option for CHB patients with a preserved GFR. However, patients with underlying DM and initial mild renal dysfunction (eGFR, 60 to 89 mL/min/1.73 m2) have an increased risk of renal impairment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents , Diabetes Mellitus , DNA , Follow-Up Studies , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Renal Insufficiency , Tenofovir , Treatment Outcome
6.
Gut and Liver ; : 225-226, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763850

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Electrons , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Positron-Emission Tomography
7.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 365-369, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787158

ABSTRACT

Managing acute pancreatitis is clinically challenging because of the generally poor patient condition, the variety of treatment options depending on the severity and complications, and the uncertainty of outcomes. Recently, the step-up approach, which involves less invasive initial treatment and more invasive subsequent treatment, where necessary, has been proposed as the mainstay of managing pancreatitis. This paper presents a case of a 57-year-old man with severe acute pancreatitis, who developed an unexpected fistula in the rectum, which was treated successfully using the step-up approach. In managing this case, the authors faced clinical challenges in determining the infection of necrotic tissue in the early phase of the disease, the optimal timing and method of drainage, and the fistula closure or repair technique. Successful management of this case using the step-up approach validated current recommendations and suggests that it is a reasonable treatment strategy for pancreatic-colonic fistulas. This case also highlights the importance of an awareness that pancreatitis-associated complications can develop in an unexpected manner.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Colon , Drainage , Fistula , Methods , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Rectum , Uncertainty
8.
Gut and Liver ; : 583-590, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717030

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Presence of enhanced mural nodules, which can be visualized using computed tomography (CT), is one of high-risk stigmata in branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMNs). Conversely, the absence of enhanced mural nodules on preoperative imaging does not exclude malignant risk. The present study aimed to investigate other morphological features as predictors of malignancy in “pure” BD-IPMNs without enhanced mural nodules on CT. METHODS: This retrospective study included 180 patients with surgically confirmed “pure” BD-IPMNs of the pancreas and no enhanced mural nodules on preoperative CT. The study was conducted at 15 tertiary referral centers throughout South Korea. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify significant predictors of malignancy. RESULTS: BD-IPMNs with low-grade (n=84) or moderate-grade (n=76) dysplasia were classified as benign; those with high-grade dysplasia (n=8) or invasive carcinoma (n=12) were classified as malignant. The multivariate analysis revealed that cyst size ≥30 mm (odds ratio, 8.6; p=0.001) and main pancreatic duct diameter ≥5 mm (odds ratio, 4.1; p=0.01) were independent risk factors for malignancy in “pure” BD-IPMNs without enhanced mural nodules on CT. Endoscopic ultrasound detected enhanced mural nodules (6/82) that had been missed on CT, and two IPMNs with enhanced mural nodules were malignant. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with “pure” BD-IPMNs who have no enhanced mural nodules on CT, cyst size ≥30 mm and main pancreatic duct diameter ≥5 mm may be associated with malignancy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Christianity , Korea , Mucins , Multivariate Analysis , Pancreas , Pancreatic Ducts , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tertiary Care Centers , Ultrasonography
9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 303-307, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715373

ABSTRACT

Abdominal ultrasonography uses the transmission and reflection of ultrasound waves to observe the internal organs through the abdominal wall and can visualize various abdominal anatomical structures. Abdominal ultrasound examinations are performed by gastroenterologists or other specialists in internal medicine and radiologists trained for this procedure. Thus far, abdominal ultrasonography has not been included in the standard education of gastroenterologists in Korea. On the other hand, abdominal ultrasonography is being used increasingly, making it necessary to establish a training program in Korea. Abdominal ultrasonography was established as an essential part of education for the resident training program in 2017. In addition, an educational accreditation system for the trainers of ultrasonography in the field of internal medicine, including gastroenterology, was developed in 2018. This article describes the development process of the educational accreditation system for trainers of ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdominal Wall , Accreditation , Education , Gastroenterology , Hand , Internal Medicine , Korea , Specialization , Ultrasonic Waves , Ultrasonography
10.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 264-268, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714522

ABSTRACT

Acute cholecystitis is a common serious complication of gallstones. The reported mortality of acute cholecystitis is approximately 3%, but the rate increases with age or comorbidity of the patient. If appropriate treatment is delayed, complications can develop as a consequence with a grave prognosis. The current standard of care in acute cholecystitis is an early laparoscopic cholecystectomy with the appropriate administration of fluid, electrolyte, and antibiotics. On the other hand, the severity of the disease and patient's operational risk must be considered. In those with high operational risks, gall bladder drainage can be performed as an alternative. Currently percutaneous and endoscopic drainage are available and show clinical success in most cases. After recovering from acute cholecystitis, the patients who have undergone drainage should be considered for cholecystectomy as a definitive treatment. However, in elderly patients or patients with significant comorbidity, operational risks may still be high, making cholecystectomy inappropriate. In these patients, gallstone removal using the percutaneous tract or endoscopy may be considered.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Cholecystitis, Acute , Comorbidity , Drainage , Endoscopy , Gallstones , Hand , Mortality , Prognosis , Standard of Care , Urinary Bladder
11.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 1-13, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143204

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential endoscopic technique in diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. Although its diagnostic role is decreasing because of less invasive modalities such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography or endoscopic ultrasound, it is still very important in treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. However, there is a trend of hesitation to learn ERCP by the fellows in Korea because of following reasons; concentration of ERCP in a few high volume centers, high risk of post-procedural complications, and long training courses. In this background, the education committee of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association has prepared for ERCP educational guidelines for fellows in Korea. This guideline should be helpful to fellows who are currently under the training.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Diagnosis , Education , Fellowships and Scholarships , Korea , Ultrasonography
12.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 1-13, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143197

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential endoscopic technique in diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. Although its diagnostic role is decreasing because of less invasive modalities such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography or endoscopic ultrasound, it is still very important in treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. However, there is a trend of hesitation to learn ERCP by the fellows in Korea because of following reasons; concentration of ERCP in a few high volume centers, high risk of post-procedural complications, and long training courses. In this background, the education committee of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association has prepared for ERCP educational guidelines for fellows in Korea. This guideline should be helpful to fellows who are currently under the training.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Diagnosis , Education , Fellowships and Scholarships , Korea , Ultrasonography
13.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 50-54, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-48912

ABSTRACT

Nontraumatic spontaneous intramural hematoma is an infrequent complication of the use of oral anticoagulants. The most commonly affected site is the jejunum followed by ileum and duodenum. The symptoms can vary depending on the location and size of hematoma. Patients with intramural hematoma usually present with abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, but rarely present with hematuria, pancreatitis, cholangitis. An obstructive jaundice and acute cholecystitis has not been reported as a secondary cause of duodenal intramural hematoma in Korea so far. Here, we report spontaneous duodenal intramural hematoma caused by anticoagulant therapy that associated with transient obstructive jaundice and acute cholecystitis in a 79-year-old man, which was successfully managed conservative management. In addition, we reviewed reports of intramural hematoma with literature review.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Ampulla of Vater , Anticoagulants , Cholangitis , Cholecystitis , Cholecystitis, Acute , Duodenum , Hematoma , Hematuria , Ileum , Jaundice, Obstructive , Jejunum , Korea , Nausea , Pancreatitis , Vomiting
14.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 215-220, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, many studies have reported the incidence of colorectal neoplasm (CRN) to be increased in patients with gastric cancer. Thus preoperative colonoscopy is recommended for the screening of CRN. The purpose of this study is to investigate the prevalence of colorectal adenoma and cancer in patients with gastric cancer and evaluate the necessity of preoperative colonoscopy in patients with gastric cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data from 293 patients who underwent gastrectomy due to gastric cancer at one tertiary institution between January to December 2015. Preoperative colonoscopy was performed in 127 patients of 293 patients. To compare the prevalence of colorectal neoplasm, we selected 900 persons who underwent upper esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy for health screening during 2015. RESULTS: The prevalence of overall CRN was similar in the gastric cancer group and the control group. The prevalence of colorectal advanced adenoma and cancer was higher in the gastric cancer group compared with control group, but it did not show statistical significance. The prevalence of colorectal advanced adenoma was significantly higher in the group of age ≥ years and smoking. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of advanced colorectal adenoma increases significantly in patients with old age but not in patients with gastric cancer. We suggest that all patients with gastric cancer might not carry a high risk for advanced colorectal adenoma compared with the normal population. Patients with old age might require surveillance colonoscopy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Gastrectomy , Incidence , Mass Screening , Prevalence , Smoke , Smoking , Stomach Neoplasms
15.
Intestinal Research ; : 233-241, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96060

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Balsalazide is an anti-inflammatory drug used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Balsalazide can reduce inflammatory responses via several mechanisms, including inhibition of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) activity. Parthenolide (PT) inhibits NF-kappaB and exerts promising anticancer effects by promoting apoptosis. The present investigated the antitumor effects of balsalazide, combined with PT, on NF-kappaB in a representative human colorectal carcinoma cell line, HCT116. METHODS: We counted cells and conducted annexin-V assays and cell cycle analysis to measure apoptotic cell death. Western blotting was used investigate the levels of proteins involved in apoptosis. RESULTS: PT and balsalazide produced synergistic anti-proliferative effects and induced apoptotic cell death. The combination of balsalazide and PT markedly suppressed nuclear translocation of the NF-kappaB p65 subunit and the phosphorylation of inhibitor of NF-kappaB. Moreover, PT and balsalazide dramatically enhanced NF-kappaB p65 phosphorylation. Apoptosis, through the mitochondrial pathway, was confirmed by detecting effects on Bcl-2 family members, cytochrome c release, and activation of caspase-3 and -8. CONCLUSIONS: Combination treatment with PT and balsalazide may offer an effective strategy for the induction of apoptosis in HCT116 cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Cell Cycle , Cell Death , Cell Line , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cytochromes c , HCT116 Cells , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , NF-kappa B , Phosphorylation
16.
Gut and Liver ; : 547-555, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149093

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cholecystectomy is necessary for the treatment of symptomatic or complicated gallbladder (GB) stones, but oral litholysis with bile acids is an attractive alternative therapeutic option for asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of magnesium trihydrate of ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) on gallstone dissolution and to investigate improvements in gallstone-related symptoms. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter, phase 4 clinical study to determine the efficacy of orally administered magnesium trihydrate of UDCA and CDCA was performed from January 2011 to June 2013. The inclusion criteria were GB stone diameter or =50%, radiolucency on plain X-ray, and asymptomatic/mildly symptomatic patients. The patients were prescribed one capsule of magnesium trihydrate of UDCA and CDCA at breakfast and two capsules at bedtime for 6 months. The dissolution rate, response rate, and change in symptom score were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 237 subjects were enrolled, and 195 subjects completed the treatment. The dissolution rate was 45.1% and the response rate was 47.2% (92/195) after 6 months of administration of magnesium trihydrate of UDCA and CDCA. Only the stone diameter was significantly associated with the response rate. Both the symptom score and the number of patients with symptoms significantly decreased regardless of stone dissolution. Adverse events necessitating discontinuation of the drug, surgery, or endoscopic management occurred in 2.5% (6/237) of patients. CONCLUSIONS: Magnesium trihydrate of UDCA and CDCA is a well-tolerated bile acid that showed similar efficacy for gallstone dissolution and improvement of gallstone-related symptoms as that shown in previous studies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antacids/administration & dosage , Chenodeoxycholic Acid/administration & dosage , Cholagogues and Choleretics/administration & dosage , Drug Administration Schedule , Drug Combinations , Gallstones/drug therapy , Magnesium Hydroxide/administration & dosage , Prospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Solubility/drug effects , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/administration & dosage
17.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 27-43, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209581

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although the incidence of GB polyps is increasing with improved surveillance, the study of predictive factors of malignant potential has not been sufficient. The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the predictive factors of malignant potential in GB polyps. METHODS: Among 3,159 patients with laparoscopic cholecystectomy in Chonbuk National University hospital January 2009 to December 2013, 437 patients confirmed GB polyps pathologically were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups; one with benign GB polyp and another with GB adenoma and incidental GB cancer. RESULTS: Group I with benign GB polyp was seen in 359 patients. On the other hand, 53 patients with GB adenoma and 25 patients with GB cancer in gourp II were identified. The patients in group II had shown a significantly higher incidence of age older than 50 years (53/78, 67.9% vs. 163/359, 45.4%, p=0.001), size larger than 10mm (40/78, 51.3% vs. 37/359, 10.3%, p<0.001), and GB wall thickening (36/78, 46.2% vs. 77/359, 21.5%, p<0.001). The presence of GB stone had not shown significant differences between two groups (26/78, 33.3% vs. 96/359, 26.7%, p=0.378). CONCLUSIONS: Cholecystectomy should be considered for the patients with GB polyp with these predictive factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Gallbladder , Hand , Incidence , Polyps , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
18.
Gut and Liver ; : 395-404, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203886

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We investigated factors associated with the disease progression and development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients during long-term oral nucleos(t)ide analog (NA) therapy. METHODS: This retrospective study included 524 naive CHB patients who received oral NA therapy for more than 48 weeks between January 2003 and December 2007. The primary outcome was 5-year cumulative probability of disease progression and HCC development. Disease progression was defined as cirrhosis development, cirrhotic complications, HCC or liver-related mortality. RESULTS: For the 524 patients, the cumulative probabilities of disease progression and HCC development at 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 years were 1.1%, 6.3%, 9.0%, 11.6%, and 16.2% and 0.2%, 1.8%, 3.6%, 5.8%, and 9.3%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, age >50 years (hazard ratio [HR], 1.05) and cirrhosis (HR, 2.95) were significant factors for disease progression. Similarly, age >50 years (HR, 1.05), family history of HCC (HR, 5.48), and cirrhosis (HR, 17.16) were significant factors for HCC development. Importantly, longer duration (>12 months) of maintained virological response (<20 IU/mL) reduced the risks of disease progression (HR, 0.19) and HCC development (HR, 0.09). CONCLUSIONS: Longer duration of maintained virological response significantly reduces the risk of disease progression or HCC development in CHB patients undergoing long-term oral NA therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/epidemiology , Disease Progression , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Liver Cirrhosis/epidemiology , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Time
19.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 598-605, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-99847

ABSTRACT

Bacterial infection is an important cause of death in patients with liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic impact of bacterial infection in hospitalized patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We retrospectively analyzed data from 409 patients consecutively admitted to a tertiary referral center with ALD diagnosis. Of a total of 544 admissions, 133 (24.4%) cases presented with bacterial infection, of which 116 were community-acquired whereas 17 were hospital-acquired. The common types of infection were pneumonia (38%), biliary tract infection (17%), soft tissue infection (12%), and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (9%). Diabetes, serum Na or =20 mg/L, systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) positivity were independently associated with bacterial infection in patients with ALD. Overall 30-day and 90-day mortalities in patients with bacterial infection were significantly (P or =32 (HR, 2.3; 95% CI, 1.036-5.222, P = 0.041), and hemoglobin <12 g/dL (HR, 2.4; 95% CI, 1.081-5.450, P = 0.032) were independent predictors of short-term mortality. In conclusion, bacterial infection and SIRS positivity predicted short-term prognosis in hospitalized patients with ALD. A thorough evaluation at admission or on clinical deterioration is required to detect possible infection with prompt management.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bacterial Infections/complications , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Candida/isolation & purification , Gram-Negative Bacteria/isolation & purification , Gram-Positive Bacteria/isolation & purification , Hemoglobins/analysis , Hospitalization , Linear Models , Liver Diseases, Alcoholic/complications , Patients , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Serum Albumin/analysis , Sodium/blood , Survival Analysis , Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome/complications , Tertiary Care Centers
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 25-31, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155059

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The frequency of symptomatic acute HAV infections in adulthood are increasing in Korea. This study analyzes the clinical severity in patients with acute HAV infection and investigates risk factors associated with three severe complications: prolonged cholestasis, acute kidney injury, and acute liver failure. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 726 patients diagnosed from January 2006 to December 2010 at three tertiary hospitals in Jeonbuk Province, Republic of Korea with acute HAV infection. RESULTS: In the group of 726 patients, the mean age was 30.3 years, 426 (58.6%) were male, and 34 (4.7%) were HBsAg positive. Severe complications from acute HAV infection occurred as follows: prolonged cholestasis in 33 (4.6%), acute kidney injury in 17 (2.3%), and acute liver failure in 16 (2.2%). Through multivariate analysis, age > or =40 years (OR 2.63, p=0.024) and peak PT (INR) > or =1.5 (OR 5.81, p=0.035) were found to be significant risk factors for prolonged cholestasis. Age > or =40 years (OR 5.24, p=0.002) and female gender (OR 3.11, p=0.036) were significant risk factors for acute kidney injury. Age > or =40 years (OR 6.91, p=0.002), HBsAg positivity (OR 5.02, p=0.049), and peak total bilirubin (OR 1.11, p=0.001) were significant risk factors for acute liver failure. CONCLUSIONS: Age > or =40 years, female gender, HBsAg positivity, peak PT (INR) > or =1.5, and peak total bilirubin were significant risk factors for severe complications in acute HAV infections.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Acute Kidney Injury/complications , Cholestasis/complications , Hepatitis A/complications , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens/blood , Liver Failure, Acute/complications , Odds Ratio , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tertiary Care Centers
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