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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 531-541, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976713

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Mutations in the PIK3CA gene occur frequently in breast cancer patients. Activating PIK3CA mutations confer resistance to human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-targeted treatments. In this study, we investigated whether PIK3CA mutations were correlated with treatment response or duration in patients with HER2-positive (HER2+) breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical information of patients with HER2+ breast cancer who received HER2-targeted therapy for early-stage or metastatic cancers. The pathologic complete response (pCR), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival were compared between patients with wild-type PIK3CA (PIK3CAw) and those with mutated PIK3CA (PIK3CAm). Next-generation sequencing was combined with examination of PFS associated with anti-HER2 monoclonal antibody (mAb) treatment. @*Results@#Data from 90 patients with HER2+ breast cancer were analyzed. Overall, 34 (37.8%) patients had pathogenic PIK3CA mutations. The pCR rate of the PIK3CAm group was lower than that of the PIK3CAw group among patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy for early-stage cancer. In the metastatic setting, the PIK3CAm group showed a significantly shorter mean PFS (mPFS) with first-line anti-HER2 mAb. The mPFS of second-line T-DM1 was lower in the PIK3CAm group than that in the PIK3CAw group. Sequencing revealed differences in the mutational landscape between PIK3CAm and PIK3CAw tumors. @*Conclusion@#Patients with HER2+ breast cancer with activating PIK3CA mutations had lower pCR rates and shorter PFS with palliative HER2-targeted therapy than those with wild-type PIK3CA. Precise targeted-therapy is needed to improve survival of patients with HER2+/PIK3CAm breast cancer.

2.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 155-166, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966478

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#BRCA1 and BRCA2 are among the most important genes involved in DNA repair via homologous recombination (HR). Germline BRCA1/2 (gBRCA1/2)-related cancers have specific characteristics and treatment options but conducting gBRCA1/2 testing and interpreting the genetic imprint are sometimes complicated. Here, we describe the concordance of gBRCA1/2 derived from a panel of clinical tumor tissues using next-generation sequencing (NGS) and genetic aspects of tumors harboring gBRCA1/2 pathogenic variants. @*Materials and Methods@#Targeted sequencing was performed using available tumor tissue from patients who underwent gBRCA1/2 testing. Comparative genomic analysis was performed according to gBRCA1/2 pathogenicity. @*Results@#A total of 321 patients who underwent gBRCA1/2 testing were screened, and 26 patients with gBRCA1/2 pathogenic (gBRCA1/2p) variants, eight patients with gBRCA1/2 variants of uncertain significance (VUS; gBRCA1/2v), and 43 patients with gBRCA1/2 wild-type (gBRCA1/2w) were included in analysis. Mutations in TP53 (49.4%) and PIK3CA (23.4%) were frequently detected in all samples. The number of single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) per tumor tissue was higher in the gBRCA1/2w group than that in the gBRCA1/2p group (14.81 vs. 18.86, p=0.278). Tumor mutation burden (TMB) was significantly higher in the gBRCA1/2w group than in the gBRCA1/2p group (10.21 vs. 13.47, p=0.017). Except for BRCA1/2, other HR-related genes were frequently mutated in patients with gBRCA1/2w. @*Conclusion@#We demonstrated high sensitivity of gBRCA1/2 in tumors analyzed by NGS using a panel of tumor tissues. TMB value and aberration of non-BRCA1/2 HR-related genes differed significantly according to gBRCA1/2 pathogenicity in patients with breast cancer.

3.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 1-9, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966305

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Clinically, breast cancer can be divided into 4 subtypes based on the presence of hormone receptors, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), and Ki-67. Because the pattern and time of recurrence vary according to the subtype, we evaluated whether there was a difference in overall survival (OS) among the subtypes according to the time and type of recurrence. @*Methods@#A total of 2,730 patients who underwent breast cancer surgery were analyzed. Early and late recurrence were defined as recurrence within and after 5 years of diagnosis, respectively. Recurrence type was categorized as locoregional recurrence or systemic recurrence. @*Results@#Hormone receptor-positive tumors were significantly more frequent in the late recurrence group than in the early recurrence group (estrogen receptor positive, 47.8% [early] vs. 78.7% [late]). However, there was no difference in the rate of HER2 overexpression (HER2+, 38.1% [early] vs.39.0% [late]). In subgroup analysis, early recurrence was a significant prognostic factor for OS in all subtypes. However, late recurrence was a significant prognostic factor for OS only in the luminal B subtype (hazard ratio of 4.30). In addition, the luminal B type had the highest proportion in late recurrence patients (63.2%). @*Conclusion@#The luminal B subtype had a high rate of late recurrence, and late recurrence was a poor prognostic factor for OS only in this subgroup. Therefore, further targeted treatments for luminal B breast cancer are needed and patients with this subtype require close long-term surveillance.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e251-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001088

ABSTRACT

Background@#There are increasing concerns about that sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) could be omitted in patients with clinically T1-2 N0 breast cancers who has negative axillary ultrasound (AUS). This study aims to assess the false negative result (FNR) of AUS, the rate of high nodal burden (HNB) in clinically T1-2 N0 breast cancer patients, and the diagnostic performance of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and nomogram. @*Methods@#We identified 948 consecutive patients with clinically T1-2 N0 cancers who had negative AUS, subsequent MRI, and breast conserving therapy between 2013 and 2020 from two tertiary medical centers. Patients from two centers were assigned to development and validation sets, respectively. Among 948 patients, 402 (mean age ± standard deviation, 57.61 ± 11.58) were within development cohort and 546 (54.43 ± 10.02) within validation cohort. Using logistic regression analyses, clinical-imaging factors associated with lymph node (LN) metastasis were analyzed in the development set from which nomogram was created. The performance of MRI and nomogram was assessed. HNB was defined as ≥ 3 positive LNs. @*Results@#The FNR of AUS was 20.1% (81 of 402) and 19.2% (105 of 546) and the rates of HNB were 1.2% (5/402) and 2.2% (12/546), respectively. Clinical and imaging features associated with LN metastasis were progesterone receptor positivity, outer tumor location on mammography, breast imaging reporting and data system category 5 assessment of cancer on ultrasound, and positive axilla on MRI. In validation cohorts, the positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) of MRI and clinical-imaging nomogram was 58.5% and 86.5%, and 56.0% and 82.0%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The FNR of AUS was approximately 20% but the rate of HNB was low. The diagnostic performance of MRI was not satisfactory with low PPV but MRI had merit in reaffirming negative AUS with high NPV. Patients who had low probability scores from our clinical-imaging nomogram might be possible candidates for the omission of SLNB.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 283-300, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899009

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Women with large and/or ptotic breasts are generally not considered candidates for nipple-sparing mastectomy because of concerns regarding the high incidence of postoperative complications including ischemic complications. Therefore, we adopted a vertical skin resection technique for nipple-sparing mastectomy, and obtained satisfactory results following immediate autologous breast reconstruction. In this study, we aimed to describe our operative technique and review its outcomes. @*Methods@#Between January 2010 and March 2017, immediate autologous breast reconstructions were performed in 28 patients with moderate or large ptotic breasts after nipple-sparing mastectomy using the vertical reduction pattern. Grade II ptosis was observed in 12 patients, and 16 patients were classified as having grade III ptosis. @*Results@#Of the 28 patients, 21 received abdominal free flap reconstruction. In the remaining 7 patients, extended latissimus dorsi flaps were used in conjunction with anatomic implants. The mean weight of the excised breast tissue in the 2 groups was 575 g and 482 g, respectively. Satisfactory esthetic outcomes without major complications were achieved in all patients. Similar vertical reductions or mastopexies in the contralateral breast allowed better postoperative adjustment for symmetry. There was only 1 case of complete nipple necrosis; however, the problem was solved with “skin banking.” No local recurrences or distant metastases were detected at follow-up (mean 18 months, range 4 months to 6 years). @*Conclusion@#To enhance cosmetic outcomes in patients with large and/or ptotic breasts, the vertical skin resection pattern for nipple-sparing mastectomy can be used to achieve better breast shape while preserving the nipple-areola complex. Moreover, it can improve the esthetic outcome without compromising oncologic safety.

6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 196-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898980

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic breast surgery for patients with breast cancer was introduced for its superior cosmetic outcomes; it was initially studied in the field of breast-conserving surgery and, more recently, in robotic-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM). The main purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic NSM (E-NSM) in patients with breast cancer by comparing E-NSM and conventional NSM (C-NSM). @*Methods@#Between May 2017 and October 2020, we retrieved the records of 45 patients who underwent NSM with permanent silicone implants and divided them into the E-NSM group (20 patients) and the C-NSM group (25 patients), depending on the use of the endoscopic device.We also analyzed demographic information, pathology, operative time, and complications. @*Results@#No significant differences were observed between the 2 groups based on demographic information, postoperative pathological data, mean length of hospital stay, and total number of complications. The mean preparation time for surgery was comparable between both groups. Compared to the C-NSM group, the E-NSM group had a significantly longer mean operative time and, subsequently, a significantly longer mean total operative time and number of complications. @*Conclusion@#The results showed that E-NSM was feasible and safe with a more inconspicuous incision in patients with breast cancer.

7.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 83-91, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902150

ABSTRACT

Background@#Since 2015, Smoking cessation program have been provided by the local smoking cessation support center in Korea. This program consisted of a 5-days of residential smoking cessation program and an inpatient program. This article is to assist smokers to quit smoking by analyzing and comparing the success factor in smoking cessation from the two different programs. @*Methods@#This study was conducted with a total of 996 participants from the residential smoking cessation program and the inpatient program, from January 2018 to December 2020 at the University Hospitals. Based on the registration card information, we did a retrospective research. Success defines that the smoking cessation continued after 6 months of program participation when it is confirmed by urine cotinine test or phone consultation. The outcome of this study was performed by cross-tabulation analysis and regression analysis. @*Results@#The findings show that the expected value of success in smoking cessation is higher as the subject is older in their age (P<0.05 in 60s or older), and more frequent consultations (P<0.01) in both programs. The nicotine dependency (P<0.01), social security system (P<0.01), and drinking experience (P=0.01) showed a meaningful correlation to success in smoking cessation in the residential program. @*Conclusions@#It is required to improve the smoking cessation program to active intervention with frequent consultations when providing these two programs.

8.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 590-598, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913594

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although the initial projection after primary nipple reconstruction is excellent, nipple projection gradually flattens in most cases due to multiple causes. Although various methods have been reported to rebuild the nipple after nipple flattening, the most effective method of secondary nipple reconstruction remains unknown. The aim of this study was to review our institution’s experiences with secondary nipple reconstruction. @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective review from March 2012 to January 2019. We performed secondary nipple reconstruction if the primary reconstructed nipple height differed by more than 6 mm from the normal nipple height. We chose the method of nipple revision according to the degree of tissue scarring and the remaining nipple projection. @*Results@#We performed secondary nipple reconstruction on a total of 27 nipples, using pursestring sutures for 19 nipples and star flaps in eight nipples. The median follow-up period was 8 months (range, 6–19 months) after the final nipple reconstruction. Among the 19 nipples reconstructed using purse-string sutures, 10 (53%) demonstrated acceptable projection of more than 5 mm. Among the eight nipples reconstructed using star flaps, six (75%) showed acceptable projection of more than 5 mm. Most of the patients (73%) were satisfied (scores of 4 or 5) with the nipple reconstruction overall. @*Conclusions@#Few studies have presented favorable outcomes of secondary nipple reconstruction. When the star flap and purse-string suture methods were used depending on the remaining nipple height and scarring, appropriate projection could be achieved.

9.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 83-91, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894446

ABSTRACT

Background@#Since 2015, Smoking cessation program have been provided by the local smoking cessation support center in Korea. This program consisted of a 5-days of residential smoking cessation program and an inpatient program. This article is to assist smokers to quit smoking by analyzing and comparing the success factor in smoking cessation from the two different programs. @*Methods@#This study was conducted with a total of 996 participants from the residential smoking cessation program and the inpatient program, from January 2018 to December 2020 at the University Hospitals. Based on the registration card information, we did a retrospective research. Success defines that the smoking cessation continued after 6 months of program participation when it is confirmed by urine cotinine test or phone consultation. The outcome of this study was performed by cross-tabulation analysis and regression analysis. @*Results@#The findings show that the expected value of success in smoking cessation is higher as the subject is older in their age (P<0.05 in 60s or older), and more frequent consultations (P<0.01) in both programs. The nicotine dependency (P<0.01), social security system (P<0.01), and drinking experience (P=0.01) showed a meaningful correlation to success in smoking cessation in the residential program. @*Conclusions@#It is required to improve the smoking cessation program to active intervention with frequent consultations when providing these two programs.

10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 283-300, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891305

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Women with large and/or ptotic breasts are generally not considered candidates for nipple-sparing mastectomy because of concerns regarding the high incidence of postoperative complications including ischemic complications. Therefore, we adopted a vertical skin resection technique for nipple-sparing mastectomy, and obtained satisfactory results following immediate autologous breast reconstruction. In this study, we aimed to describe our operative technique and review its outcomes. @*Methods@#Between January 2010 and March 2017, immediate autologous breast reconstructions were performed in 28 patients with moderate or large ptotic breasts after nipple-sparing mastectomy using the vertical reduction pattern. Grade II ptosis was observed in 12 patients, and 16 patients were classified as having grade III ptosis. @*Results@#Of the 28 patients, 21 received abdominal free flap reconstruction. In the remaining 7 patients, extended latissimus dorsi flaps were used in conjunction with anatomic implants. The mean weight of the excised breast tissue in the 2 groups was 575 g and 482 g, respectively. Satisfactory esthetic outcomes without major complications were achieved in all patients. Similar vertical reductions or mastopexies in the contralateral breast allowed better postoperative adjustment for symmetry. There was only 1 case of complete nipple necrosis; however, the problem was solved with “skin banking.” No local recurrences or distant metastases were detected at follow-up (mean 18 months, range 4 months to 6 years). @*Conclusion@#To enhance cosmetic outcomes in patients with large and/or ptotic breasts, the vertical skin resection pattern for nipple-sparing mastectomy can be used to achieve better breast shape while preserving the nipple-areola complex. Moreover, it can improve the esthetic outcome without compromising oncologic safety.

11.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 196-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891276

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic breast surgery for patients with breast cancer was introduced for its superior cosmetic outcomes; it was initially studied in the field of breast-conserving surgery and, more recently, in robotic-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM). The main purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of endoscopic NSM (E-NSM) in patients with breast cancer by comparing E-NSM and conventional NSM (C-NSM). @*Methods@#Between May 2017 and October 2020, we retrieved the records of 45 patients who underwent NSM with permanent silicone implants and divided them into the E-NSM group (20 patients) and the C-NSM group (25 patients), depending on the use of the endoscopic device.We also analyzed demographic information, pathology, operative time, and complications. @*Results@#No significant differences were observed between the 2 groups based on demographic information, postoperative pathological data, mean length of hospital stay, and total number of complications. The mean preparation time for surgery was comparable between both groups. Compared to the C-NSM group, the E-NSM group had a significantly longer mean operative time and, subsequently, a significantly longer mean total operative time and number of complications. @*Conclusion@#The results showed that E-NSM was feasible and safe with a more inconspicuous incision in patients with breast cancer.

12.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 175-181, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902136

ABSTRACT

Background@#The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service has conducted diabetes medical adequacy evaluation projects since 2010. This study aimed to evaluate the medical adequacy of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients after the assessment project and help establish the direction of future projects. @*Methods@#Using data from the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service (2010-2015), chi-square tests and t-tests were used to analyze the enforcement rate according to a combination of items for appropriate management methods. Logistic regression and linearity test were performed to assess the relationships among the evaluation group, appropriate test items, and prescription rate. @*Results@#We found that 33.6-39.8% of patients did not undergo any diabetes-related tests. Only about 7% of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) tests were performed, and 36% of cases were tested simultaneously with serum lipid profile tests. As age increased, the number of days taken to prescribe diabetes medications also increased.The prescription rate of diabetes drugs for 292 days or more was 61% in patients who had not been tested for adequacy, and the average prescription rate increased as the number of tests increased. @*Conclusions@#In older adults with a high prevalence of diabetes, it is necessary to establish a test rate for proper management of diabetes, including HbA1c, and related test items to increase the average prescription rate.

13.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 291-298, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896968

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Our previous studies suggested that p53-positive triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) should be more sensitive to chemotherapy than p53-negative TNBC. The aim of this study was to determine whether p53 expression in TNBC could predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the resulting prognosis. @*Methods@#From January 2009 to December 2017, TNBC patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy were reviewed, including a total of 31 TNBC patients who had clinical lymph node metastasis. The status of p53 expression in patients before and after chemotherapy was evaluated. @*Results@#Two patients (22.2%, 2 of 9) achieved pCR in p53(+) TNBC and 4 patients (50%, 5 of 10) achieved pCR in p53(-) TNBC. There was no correlation between pCR rate and p53 expression (P = 0.350). Based on prechemotherapy p53 expression, there was no significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between p53(+) TNBC and p53(-) TNBC (P = 0.335). However, after chemotherapy, p53(+) TNBC had shown higher DFS than p53(-) TBNC (P = 0.099). Based on prechemotherapy p53 expression, p53(+) TNBC had better overall survival (OS) than p53(-) TNBC, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.082). After chemotherapy, p53(+) TNBC showed significantly better OS than p53(-) TNBC (P = 0.018). @*Conclusion@#Immunohistochemically detected p53 expression in TNBC could not predict the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, p53(+) TNBC had a better OS than p53(-) TNBC in patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

14.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 175-181, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894432

ABSTRACT

Background@#The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service has conducted diabetes medical adequacy evaluation projects since 2010. This study aimed to evaluate the medical adequacy of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients after the assessment project and help establish the direction of future projects. @*Methods@#Using data from the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service (2010-2015), chi-square tests and t-tests were used to analyze the enforcement rate according to a combination of items for appropriate management methods. Logistic regression and linearity test were performed to assess the relationships among the evaluation group, appropriate test items, and prescription rate. @*Results@#We found that 33.6-39.8% of patients did not undergo any diabetes-related tests. Only about 7% of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) tests were performed, and 36% of cases were tested simultaneously with serum lipid profile tests. As age increased, the number of days taken to prescribe diabetes medications also increased.The prescription rate of diabetes drugs for 292 days or more was 61% in patients who had not been tested for adequacy, and the average prescription rate increased as the number of tests increased. @*Conclusions@#In older adults with a high prevalence of diabetes, it is necessary to establish a test rate for proper management of diabetes, including HbA1c, and related test items to increase the average prescription rate.

15.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 291-298, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889264

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Our previous studies suggested that p53-positive triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) should be more sensitive to chemotherapy than p53-negative TNBC. The aim of this study was to determine whether p53 expression in TNBC could predict response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the resulting prognosis. @*Methods@#From January 2009 to December 2017, TNBC patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy were reviewed, including a total of 31 TNBC patients who had clinical lymph node metastasis. The status of p53 expression in patients before and after chemotherapy was evaluated. @*Results@#Two patients (22.2%, 2 of 9) achieved pCR in p53(+) TNBC and 4 patients (50%, 5 of 10) achieved pCR in p53(-) TNBC. There was no correlation between pCR rate and p53 expression (P = 0.350). Based on prechemotherapy p53 expression, there was no significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between p53(+) TNBC and p53(-) TNBC (P = 0.335). However, after chemotherapy, p53(+) TNBC had shown higher DFS than p53(-) TBNC (P = 0.099). Based on prechemotherapy p53 expression, p53(+) TNBC had better overall survival (OS) than p53(-) TNBC, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.082). After chemotherapy, p53(+) TNBC showed significantly better OS than p53(-) TNBC (P = 0.018). @*Conclusion@#Immunohistochemically detected p53 expression in TNBC could not predict the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. However, p53(+) TNBC had a better OS than p53(-) TNBC in patients who underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

16.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 411-421, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741423

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation of kinetic features of breast cancers on computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) of preoperative 3T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data and clinical-pathologic factors in breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between July 2016 and March 2017, 85 patients (mean age, 54 years; age range, 35–81 years) with invasive breast cancers (mean, 1.8 cm; range, 0.8–4.8 cm) who had undergone MRI and surgery were retrospectively enrolled. All magnetic resonance images were processed using CAD, and kinetic features of tumors were acquired. The relationships between kinetic features and clinical-pathologic factors were assessed using Spearman correlation test and binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Peak enhancement and angio-volume were significantly correlated with histologic grade, Ki-67 index, and tumor size: r = 0.355 (p = 0.001), r = 0.330 (p = 0.002), and r = 0.231 (p = 0.033) for peak enhancement, r = 0.410 (p = 0.005), r = 0.341 (p < 0.001), and r = 0.505 (p < 0.001) for angio-volume. Delayed-plateau component was correlated with Ki-67 (r = 0.255 [p = 0.019]). In regression analysis, higher peak enhancement was associated with higher histologic grade (odds ratio [OR] = 1.004; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.001–1.008; p = 0.024), and higher delayed-plateau component and angio-volume were associated with higher Ki-67 (OR = 1.051; 95% CI: 1.011–1.094; p = 0.013 for delayed-plateau component, OR = 1.178; 95% CI: 1.023–1.356; p = 0.023 for angio-volume). CONCLUSION: Of the CAD-assessed kinetic features, higher peak enhancement may correlate with higher histologic grade, and higher delayed-plateau component and angio-volume correlate with higher Ki-67 index. These results support the clinical application of kinetic features in prognosis assessment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Logistic Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Korean Journal of Family Practice ; (6): 506-512, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787510

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to analyze the status and effects of influenza vaccine (IV) and pneumococcal vaccine (PV) in hospitalized patients in a University Hospital with chronic conditions.METHODS: The study is based on the medical records of 3,279 inpatients in pulmonary center of Yeungnam University Medical Center (Korea) between October 2015 and September 2016. The subjects were divided into two groups by age (under 65 years old and over 65 years old), and the preventive effects of IV and PV were analyzed by comparing vaccination rate, hospitalized period, pneumonia attach rate, and mortality rate. Vaccination data were obtained from the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention web system. The chi-squared test, linear regression analysis and logistic regression analysis were used to analyze factors associated with the types of vaccinations and underlying medial factors.RESULTS: In the group under 65 years old, those without any vaccination had higher mortality rate. In addition, patients with IV vaccination were more likely to have shorter hospitalized periods. On the contrary, a group of people without any vaccination, hospitalized period increased. However, in the group of over 65 years old with various underlying conditions, the mortality rate was higher when IV or both IV and PV were vaccinated.CONCLUSION: The preventive effects show the opposite results in two age groups. This study indicates that the vaccines are more effective in the group under 65 years old than the group over 65 years old with chronic conditions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Academic Medical Centers , Hospitalization , Influenza Vaccines , Influenza, Human , Inpatients , Korea , Linear Models , Logistic Models , Medical Records , Mortality , Pneumococcal Vaccines , Pneumonia , Vaccination , Vaccines
18.
Korean Journal of Family Practice ; (6): 64-70, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787430

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Coffee is a rich source of dietary antioxidants and is one of the most popular beverages worldwide. In recent times, substantial research has been published on its anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory effect in addition to its effect as a stimulant. Chronic low-grade inflammation is known to affect the pathogenesis of diverse diseases such as cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease, cancer, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and obesity. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) is a good marker of chronic inflammation in the body. Therefore, we examined the relationship between coffee consumption and serum CRP.METHODS: Participants were 759 men and 1,003 women, aged 20–64 years, who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2015. We categorized coffee consumption as follows: less than one cup a day, two to four cups a day, and five or more cups a day. Additionally, we classified women into pre- and post-menopausal women. Multiple linear regression analyses were conducted to evaluate the relationship between coffee consumption and serum CRP.RESULTS: Coffee consumption showed no measurable relationship with serum CRP in men and in pre- and post-menopausal women. However, serum CRP increased progressively with increase in coffee consumption in men reported high-risk alcohol use (P=0.005).CONCLUSION: Except for high-risk male drinkers, there is no association between coffee consumption and serum CRP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Alcohols , Antioxidants , Beverages , C-Reactive Protein , Caffeine , Cardiovascular Diseases , Coffee , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Inflammation , Korea , Linear Models , Nutrition Surveys , Obesity
19.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 425-432, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718890

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) is rare, and its cause and prognosis are not well known. Additionally, treatment is limited with respect to the risk to the fetus. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics and treatment trends of PABC and the survival rate according to the treatment. METHODS: In the Korean Breast Cancer Society Registry database, women younger than 50 years and who were diagnosed with breast cancer from 1996 to 2015 were included. PABC was defined as breast cancer diagnosed during pregnancy or within 1 year after delivery. RESULTS: We examined 411 patients with PABC and 83,381 patients with non-PABC. Over time, the proportions of patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery and sentinel lymph node biopsy increased, and neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiation therapy administration rates also increased. In the past, the overall survival of patients with PABC was poorer than that of patients with non-PABC, but there was no difference in overall survival rates in more recent years. There was no difference in overall survival rates between patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (hazard ratio [HR], 1.28; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.66–2.49; p=0.459), but PABC conferred poorer prognosis than non-PABC in patients receiving adjuvant chemotherapy (HR, 1.63; 95% CI, 1.27–2.08; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the prognosis between patients with PABC and those with non-PABC receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The increase in neoadjuvant chemotherapy according to current treatment guidelines is expected to improve the survival rate of patients with PABC.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Drug Therapy , Fetus , Mastectomy, Segmental , Prognosis , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Survival Rate
20.
Korean Journal of Health Promotion ; : 1-6, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740965

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was performed to evaluate the associations between sleep duration and smoked cigarettes per day, prevalence of heavy smoking. METHODS: This study was based on the data of 9,893 subjects who are currently smoking, from the 4th to 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Based on appropriate sleep duration from National Sleep Foundation, study subjects were categorized into short, appropriate and over sleep group. Multiple regression analysis was performed to evaluate the association between sleep duration and smoked cigarettes per day, prevalence of heavy smoking. Age, gender, household income, education, marital status, occupation, alcohol use, body weight, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, depression, and level of stress were controlled. RESULTS: Compared with appropriate sleep group, smoked cigarettes per day and prevalence of heavy smoking were higher in short sleep group, and lower in over sleep group. CONCLUSIONS: There is association between sleep duration and smoked cigarettes per day, prevalence of heavy smoking.


Subject(s)
Body Weight , Depression , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyssomnias , Education , Family Characteristics , Hypertension , Korea , Marital Status , Nutrition Surveys , Occupations , Prevalence , Smoke , Smoking , Tobacco Products
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