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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 25-34, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968885

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Hypoxaemia is a significant adverse event during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) under monitored anaesthesia care (MAC); however, no model has been developed to predict hypoxaemia. We aimed to develop and compare logistic regression (LR) and machine learning (ML) models to predict hypoxaemia during ERCP under MAC. @*Materials and Methods@#We collected patient data from our institutional ERCP database. The study population was randomly divided into training and test sets (7:3). Models were fit to training data and evaluated on unseen test data. The training set was further split into k-fold (k=5) for tuning hyperparameters, such as feature selection and early stopping. Models were trained over k loops; the i-th fold was set aside as a validation set in the i-th loop. Model performance was measured using area under the curve (AUC). @*Results@#We identified 6114 cases of ERCP under MAC, with a total hypoxaemia rate of 5.9%. The LR model was established by combining eight variables and had a test AUC of 0.693. The ML and LR models were evaluated on 30 independent data splits. The average test AUC for LR was 0.7230, which improved to 0.7336 by adding eight more variables with an l 1 regularisation-based selection technique and ensembling the LRs and gradient boosting algorithm (GBM). The high-risk group was discriminated using the GBM ensemble model, with a sensitivity and specificity of 63.6% and 72.2%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#We established GBM ensemble model and LR model for risk prediction, which demonstrated good potential for preventing hypoxaemia during ERCP under MAC.

2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-422, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003229

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The incidence and prognostic implications of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) are controversial, especially for Korean patients. Furthermore, the pattern of antithrombotic therapy for these patients is unknown. The present study sought to identify the impact of AF on Korean patients undergoing TAVI and demonstrate the status of antithrombotic therapy for these patients. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 660 patients who underwent TAVI for severe AS were recruited from the nationwide K-TAVI registry in Korea. The enrolled patients were stratified into sinus rhythm (SR) and AF groups. The primary endpoint was all-cause death at 1-year. @*Results@#AF was recorded in 135 patients [pre-existing AF 108 (16.4%) and new-onset AF 27 (4.1%)]. The rate of all-cause death at 1 year was significantly higher in patients with AF than in those with SR [16.2% vs. 6.4%, adjusted hazard ratio (HR): 2.207, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.182–4.120, p=0.013], regardless of the onset timing of AF. The rate of new pacemaker insertion at 1 year was also significantly higher in patients with AF than in those with SR (14.0% vs. 5.5%, adjusted HR: 3.137, 95%CI: 1.621–6.071, p=0.001).Among AF patients, substantial number of patients received the combination of multiple antithrombotic agents (77.8%), and the most common combination was that of aspirin and clopidogrel (38.1%). @*Conclusion@#AF was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality and new pacemaker insertion in Korean patients undergoing TAVI.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e375-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001166

ABSTRACT

Background@#Few studies have examined the incidence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and metabolic syndrome (MS) and their combined prognostic effects in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Our aims were to identify the incidence and prognostic implications of CKD and MS in ACHD. @*Methods@#This is retrospective cohort study. We included 2,462 ACHD ≥ 20 years of age who were treated at a tertiary hospital in Korea from 2006 to 2018. CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73m 2 . MS was diagnosed based on the presence of abnormal metabolic parameters: blood sugar level, obesity, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. The primary outcome was all-cause mortality from 2006 through 2019 using data from the Ministry of the Interior and Safety in Korea. @*Results@#The incidence of CKD and MS in ACHD was 7.6% and 35.9%, respectively. The coexistence rate of CKD and MS was 4.6%. Although MS was not independently associated with mortality in the multiple analysis (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.79–1.46), it was closely related to the presence of CKD (adjusted odds ratio, 2.62; 95% CI, 1.89–3.63). ACHD patients with CKD had a significantly increased risk of mortality compared with those without CKD (aHR, 2.84; 95% CI, 2.00–4.04). @*Conclusions@#In patients with ACHD, the distribution of MS is higher, and both MS and its components were associated with CKD. Given the CKD was independently associated with mortality, close monitoring and management of renal dysfunction and metabolic parameters in ACHD patients is needed.

4.
Gut and Liver ; : 933-941, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000406

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression in tumor cells is associated with a poor biliary tract cancer (BTC) prognosis; tumor-infiltrating immune cells in the tumor microenvironment are associated with a better prognosis. The effect of PD-L1 expression on immune cells on survival is unclear. We investigated the relationship between PD-L1 expression in immune cells and BTC prognosis. @*Methods@#PD-L1 expression was evaluated using an anti-PD-L1 22C3 mouse monoclonal primary antibody, and its relationships with clinical characteristics and prognosis were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazard model to investigate the prognostic performance of PD-L1 in BTC. @*Results@#Among 144 analyzed cases, patients with positive PD-L1 expression in tumor cells and negative PD-L1 expression in immune cells showed poorer overall survival rates than those exhibiting other expressions (tumor cells: hazard ratio [HR]=1.023, p<0.001; immune cells: HR=0.983, p=0.021). PD-L1 expression in tumor cells was an independent predictor of poor overall survival (HR=1.024, p<0.001). In contrast, PD-L1 expression in immune cells was a predictive marker of good prognosis (HR=0.983, p=0.018). @*Conclusions@#PD-L1 expression in immune cells may be used as an independent factor to evaluate the prognosis of patients with BTC.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 118-128, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914383

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Controversy regarding the effectiveness of neoadjuvant therapy for resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) still exists. Here, we aimed to identify the potential benefits of neoadjuvant therapy followed by surgery for resectable PDAC. @*Methods@#We reviewed radiologically resectable PDAC patients who received resection with curative intent at a tertiary hospital in South Korea between January 2012 and August 2019. A total of 202 patients underwent curative resection for resectable PDAC: 167 underwent surgical resection first during this period, and 35 received neoadjuvant chemotherapy/chemoradiation therapy followed by surgery. Resectable PDAC patients were subdivided, and 1:3 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce selection bias. @*Results@#Compared with the group that received surgery first, the group that received neoadjuvant treatment followed by surgery had significantly smaller tumors (22.0 mm vs 27.0 mm, p=0.004), a smaller proportion of patients with postoperative pathologic T stage (p=0.026), a smaller proportion of patients with lymphovascular invasion (20.0% vs 40.7%, p=0.022), and a larger proportion of patients with negative resection margins (74.3% vs 51.5%, p=0.049). After PSM, the group that received neoadjuvant therapy had a significantly longer progression-free survival than those in the group that underwent surgery first (29.6 months vs 15.1 months, p=0.002). Overall survival was not significantly different between the two groups after PSM analysis. @*Conclusions@#We observed significantly better surgical outcomes and progression-free survival with the addition of neoadjuvant therapy to the management of resectable PDAC. However, despite PSM, there was still selection bias due to the use of different regimens between the groups receiving surgery first and neoadjuvant therapy. Large homogeneous samples are needed in the future prospective studies.

6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e80-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925924

ABSTRACT

Background@#Few studies used nationwide data to assess the survival rates (SRs) and death risk for idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH; ICD-10 I27.0) in Korea. @*Methods@#IPAH data (N = 9,017; female:male = 6:4) were collected from the National Health Insurance Service in Korea, from 2006 through 2017. The data consisted of primary diagnoses related to IPAH. The Kaplan–Meier method and Cox proportional-hazards analyses were carried out. @*Results@#The mean age was 62.3 (± 19.4) years, 64.2 (± 18.9) years in female and 59.4 (± 19.8) years in male (P < 0.001). The one-, three-, five- and 10-year SRs for IPAH were 89.0%, 79.8%, 72.3% and 57.0%, respectively. The adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of IPAH was 1.81 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.26–2.59) in 60–69 age group, 3.42 (95% CI, 2.40–4.87) in 70–79, and 7.73 (95% CI, 5.43–11.0) in 80s. Other risk factors were male, low-income status, diabetes, myocardial infarction, atrial fibrillation, ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and malignant neoplasm. @*Conclusion@#The 10-year SR of IPAH was 57% in Korea. The HR for IPAH was significantly high in patients with older age and other risk factors.

7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e62-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925899

ABSTRACT

Background@#Reduced exercise capacity reflects symptom severity and clinical outcomes in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The present study aimed to identify factors that may affect exercise capacity in patients with HCM. @*Methods@#In 294 patients with HCM and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction, we compared peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2 ) evaluated by cardiopulmonary exercise testing as a representative parameter of exercise tolerance with clinical and laboratory data, including N-terminal pro-hormone of brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), diastolic parameters on echocardiography, and the grade of myocardial fibrosis on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR). @*Results@#Median peak VO2 , was 29.0 mL/kg/min (interquartile range [IQR], 25.0–34.0). Age (estimated β = −0.140, P < 0.001), female sex (β = −5.362, P < 0.001), NT-proBNP (β = −1.256, P < 0.001), and E/e′ ratio on echocardiography (β = −0.209, P = 0.019) were significantly associated with exercise capacity. Peak VO2 was not associated with the amount of myocardial fibrosis on CMR (mean of late gadolinium enhancement 12.25 ± 9.67%LV). @*Conclusion@#Decreased exercise capacity was associated with age, female sex, increased NTproBNP level, and E/e′ ratio on echocardiography. Hemodynamic changes and increased filling pressure on echocardiography should be monitored in this population for improved outcomes.

8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 324-333, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875297

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The clinical course of an individual patient with heart failure is unpredictable with left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) only. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived myocardial fibrosis extent and to determine the cutoff value for event-free survival in patients with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) who had severely reduced LVEF. @*Materials and Methods@#Our prospective cohort study included 78 NICM patients with significantly reduced LV systolic function (LVEF < 35%). CMR images were analyzed for the presence and extent of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac events (MACEs), defined as a composite of cardiac death, heart transplantation, implantable cardioverter-defibrillator discharge for major arrhythmia, and hospitalization for congestive heart failure within 5 years after enrollment. @*Results@#A total of 80.8% (n = 63) of enrolled patients had LGE, with the median LVEF of 25.4% (19.8–32.4%). The extent of myocardial scarring was significantly higher in patients who experienced MACE than in those without any cardiac events (22.0 [5.5–46.1] %LV vs. 6.7 [0–17.1] %LV, respectively, p = 0.008). During follow-up, 51.4% of patients with LGE ≥ 12.0 %LV experienced MACE, along with 20.9% of those with LGE ≤ 12.0 %LV (log-rank p = 0.001). According to multivariate analysis, LGE extent more than 12.0 %LV was independently associated with MACE (adjusted hazard ratio, 6.71; 95% confidence interval, 2.54–17.74; p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#In NICM patients with significantly reduced LV systolic function, the extent of LGE is a strong predictor for longterm adverse cardiac outcomes. Event-free survival was well discriminated with an LGE cutoff value of 12.0 %LV in these patients.

9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e43-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892190

ABSTRACT

Background@#The number of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) with atrial fibrillation (AF) is expected to increase. We sought to assess the impact of AF on survival in Korean ACHD. @*Methods@#Records of AF in ACHD were extracted from the records of the Korea National Health Insurance Service from 2006 through 2015. Multiple Cox proportional hazards analyses were carried out after adjustment for age, sex, income level, AF, and comorbidities.Survival rates (SRs) with and without AF were compared. The death records from 2006 through 2016 were included. @*Results@#A total of 3,999 ACHD had AF (51.4% were male) and 62,691 ACHD did not have AF (43.5% were male); the proportion of ACHD who were 60 years and older was 53.0% and 27.0% in those with and without AF, respectively (P < 0.001). The age-standardized incidence rate for AF was 1,842.0 persons per 100,000 people in the Korean general population from 2006 through 2015. For AF in ACHD, it was 5,996.4 persons per 100,000 ACHD during the same period, which was higher than that in the general population (P< 0.001). Significantly higher proportion of death (20.9%) occurred in ACHD with AF than without AF (8.3%) (P< 0.001). The adjusted hazard ratio for AF of death in ACHD was 1.39 (95% confidence interval, 1.29– 1.50). The ten-year SR of ACHD with AF was 69.7% whereas it was 87.5% in non-AF (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#In ACHD, AF occurs more frequently and has a worse prognosis than seen in the non-valvular general population in Korea. AF is associated with increased death in ACHD, especially with aging.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e43-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899894

ABSTRACT

Background@#The number of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) with atrial fibrillation (AF) is expected to increase. We sought to assess the impact of AF on survival in Korean ACHD. @*Methods@#Records of AF in ACHD were extracted from the records of the Korea National Health Insurance Service from 2006 through 2015. Multiple Cox proportional hazards analyses were carried out after adjustment for age, sex, income level, AF, and comorbidities.Survival rates (SRs) with and without AF were compared. The death records from 2006 through 2016 were included. @*Results@#A total of 3,999 ACHD had AF (51.4% were male) and 62,691 ACHD did not have AF (43.5% were male); the proportion of ACHD who were 60 years and older was 53.0% and 27.0% in those with and without AF, respectively (P < 0.001). The age-standardized incidence rate for AF was 1,842.0 persons per 100,000 people in the Korean general population from 2006 through 2015. For AF in ACHD, it was 5,996.4 persons per 100,000 ACHD during the same period, which was higher than that in the general population (P< 0.001). Significantly higher proportion of death (20.9%) occurred in ACHD with AF than without AF (8.3%) (P< 0.001). The adjusted hazard ratio for AF of death in ACHD was 1.39 (95% confidence interval, 1.29– 1.50). The ten-year SR of ACHD with AF was 69.7% whereas it was 87.5% in non-AF (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#In ACHD, AF occurs more frequently and has a worse prognosis than seen in the non-valvular general population in Korea. AF is associated with increased death in ACHD, especially with aging.

11.
Gut and Liver ; : 135-143, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833100

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The benefit of second-line chemotherapy (SL) after failed first-line chemotherapy (FL) in patients with advanced pancreatic cancer has not yet been established. We evaluated the clinical characteristics affecting the benefits of SL compared to best supportive care (BSC), identified the prognostic factors, and ultimately devised a model of clinical parameters to assist in making decision between SL and BSC after the failure of gemcitabine-based FL. @*Methods@#The records of patients who received gemcitabine-based FL for advanced pancreatic cancer at Yonsei University Hospital between January 2010 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Significant clinical parameters were assessed for their potential as predictive factors. @*Results@#SL patients received a longer duration of FL compared with BSC patients with median duration being 16.0 weeks (range, 8.0 to 26.0 weeks) and 8.0 weeks (range, 4.0 to 16.0 weeks), respectively (p<0.001). When the SL group was stratified by their modified overall survival (mOS) (longer and shorter than 6 months), we found significant differences for several clinical factors, namely, metastasis to the peritoneum (p<0.001), number of metastases (p<0.001), thrombotic events (p=0.003), and level of carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA19-9; p=0.011). In multivariate analysis, more than one site of metastasis, occurrence of thrombotic event during FL, and a CA19-9 level above 90 U/mL were significant independent prognostic factors for mOS in the SL group (p<0.05). When an attempt was made to devise a prognostic nomogram, Harrell’s C-index of the final prognosis prediction model was 0.62. @*Conclusions@#SL may be beneficial for patients without peritoneal metastasis or thrombotic events who have a single metastasis and a level of CA19-9 less than 90 U/mL. This prognostic nomogram can be used to predict mOS before the administration of SL after the failure of gemcitabine-based FL.

12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 599-609, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833010

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#In East Asia, tuberculous pericarditis still occurs in immunocompetent patients. We aimed to investigate clinical course of tuberculous pericarditis and the trends of echocardiographic parameters for constrictive pericarditis. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed medical records of patients with tuberculous pericarditis between January 2010 and January 2017 in Samsung Medical Center. Treatment consists of the standard 4-drug anti-tuberculosis regimen for 6 months with or without corticosteroids. We performed echocardiography at initial diagnosis, 1, 3 and 6 months later. @*Results@#Total 50 cases with tuberculous pericarditis in immunocompetent patients were enrolled. Echocardiographic finding at initial diagnosis divided into 3 groups: 1) pericardial effusion only (n=28, 56.0%), 2) effusive constrictive pericarditis (n=10, 20.0%) and 3) constrictive pericarditis (n=12, 24.0%). The proportion of patients with constrictive pericarditis decreased gradually over time. After 6 months, only 5 patients still had constrictive pericarditis. Out of the 28 patients who initially presented with effusion alone, only one patient developed constrictive pericarditis. Echocardiographic parameters representing constrictive pericarditis gradually disappeared over the follow up period. Ventricular interdependency improved significantly from 1 month follow-up, whereas septal bounce and pericardial thickening were still observed after 6 months without significant constrictive physiology. @*Conclusions@#Tuberculous pericarditis with pericardial effusion without constrictive physiology is unlikely to develop into constrictive pericarditis in immunocompetent hosts, if treated with optimal anti-tuberculous medication and steroid therapy. Even though there were hemodynamic feature of constrictive pericarditis, more than 80% of the patients were improved from constrictive pericarditis.

13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 440-445, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742562

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with liver cirrhosis are considered to be at risk for additional adverse events during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). The present study was designed as a propensity-score matched analysis to investigate whether cirrhotic liver increases the risk of bleeding complications in patients undergoing ERCP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 8554 patients who underwent ERCP from January 2005 to December 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. To adjust for the imbalance between patients with and those without liver cirrhosis, 1:3 propensity score matching was performed according to age and sex. RESULTS: Liver cirrhosis was identified in 264 (3.1%) patients. After propensity score matching, a total of 768 patients were included in each of the cirrhotic (n=192) and non-cirrhotic groups (n=576). Post-procedure bleeding (10.9% vs. 4.7%, p=0.003) was more frequently observed in patients with liver cirrhosis than in those without. In multivariate analyses, liver cirrhosis was identified as an independent risk factor associated with post-ERCP bleeding (p=0.003) after further adjustment for prothrombin time, antiplatelet/coagulant, duration of ERCP, and stent insertion. Child-Pugh (CP) class C was found to be associated with an increased incidence of post-ERCP bleeding in patients with cirrhosis (odds ratio 6.144, 95% confidence interval 1.320–28.606; p=0.021). CONCLUSION: The incidence of post-ERCP bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis was higher than that in patients without liver cirrhosis. In particular, CP class C cirrhosis was significantly associated with post-ERCP bleeding.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Fibrosis , Hemorrhage , Incidence , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver , Multivariate Analysis , Propensity Score , Prothrombin Time , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stents
14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 545-554, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To report our experiences in pregnant patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who were treated with targeted therapy.@*METHODS@#From 2011 to 2017, women who decided to maintain pregnancies in our PAH clinic were included. Clinical data, management, and outcomes of the mothers and fetuses were reviewed.@*RESULTS@#Nine women with PAH and 10 deliveries were reviewed. The median maternal age was 28 (26–32) years old. The functional status of each patient was New York Heart Association functional class II or III at first visit. Sildenafil was prescribed in advance in 9 cases of delivery. Multidiscipline team approach management and intensive care were performed during the peripartum period. There was no maternal or fetal mortality. Severe cardiac events occurred in 2 patients with Eisenmenger syndrome: cardiac arrest and uncontrolled arrhythmia. Non-cardiac events occurred in 3 cases: postpartum bleeding, urinary tract infection, and pneumonia. The median gestational period at delivery was about 34 (32–38) weeks. Three cases were emergent delivery because of unexpected preterm labor. Intrauterine growth restriction developed in 4 fetuses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pregnancy could be maintained by the introduction of targeted therapy rather more safely than the previous era in the case of maintenance of pregnancy. Intensive care and a multidisciplinary team approach can possibly improve the outcomes of the pregnant women with PAH and their babies. However, pregnancy in patients with PAH is still strongly prohibited and it can be tried in expert center where there has sufficient multidisciplinary team approach in case of inevitability.

15.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 727-736, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763123

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While concerns regarding trastuzumab-related cardiac dysfunction (TRCD) in patients with breast cancer are increasing, there is a lack of evidence supporting the current recommendations for TRCD monitoring. We aimed to investigate the clinical predictors of TRCD in the adjuvant setting of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2–positive breast cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2003 to April 2016, consecutive 998 patients who were treated with adjuvant trastuzumab for breast cancer were retrospectively evaluated. TRCD was defined as a decrease ≥10% in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), with a decline below the normal limit or symptomatic heart failure. RESULTS: Among 787 eligible patients who had complete data sets consisting of both baseline and follow-up assessment of left ventricular systolic function by echocardiography (mean age, 49.9±9.5 years), 58 (7.4%) developed TRCD. TRCD patients had lower baseline LVEF (63% [59–66] vs. 65% [61–68], p=0.016) and more frequently administered Adriamycin (98% vs. 89%, p=0.022) than those without TRCD. On follow-up echocardiography, a drop in LVEF ≥5% within the first 3 months was more frequent in TRCD patients (78.3% vs. 38.4%, p<0.001). Regardless of baseline LVEF and Adriamycin treatment, a drop in LVEF ≥5% within the first 3 months of trastuzumab administration was strongly associated with the development of TRCD (adjusted hazard ratio, 45.1[17.0–127.6], p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The overall incidence of TRCD was 7.4% in Asian breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant trastuzumab. A decline in LVEF ≥5% within the first 3 months of trastuzumab initiation was strongly associated with TRCD development in patients with breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asian People , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cardiotoxicity , Dataset , Doxorubicin , Echocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Incidence , ErbB Receptors , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Trastuzumab
16.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 106-108, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739511

ABSTRACT

Nizatidine is a histamine H₂ receptor antagonist that inhibits stomach acid production and is commonly used in the treatment of peptic ulcer and gastroesophageal reflux. H₂ receptor antagonists are typically well tolerated, and hypersensitivity reactions are rare. A 19-year-old woman developed urticaria 30 minutes after taking a drug containing nizatidine. Allergic reactions to nizatidine were confirmed via skin prick test, which also revealed cross-reactions to ranitidine. We believe that this is the first case report on immediate hypersensitivity to nizatidine in Korea.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Young Adult , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Histamine , Hypersensitivity , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , Korea , Nizatidine , Peptic Ulcer , Ranitidine , Skin , Stomach , Urticaria
17.
Journal of Digestive Cancer Report ; (2): 18-21, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787284

ABSTRACT

Serine protease inhibitor Kazal-type 1 (SPINK1) is a gene expressed from pancreatic acinar cell which its mutation is known to be associated with chronic pancreatitis (CP) and pancreatic cancer. We report a case of a 47-years-old female with nausea and weight loss with yellow discoloration of skin. Initial imaging and endoscopic study led us to an impression of chronic pancreatitis with pancreatic cancer with common bile-duct dilation. Biopsy result was confirmed with pancreatic adenocarcinoma and additional imaging revealed lymph node and bone metastasis. Our genetic analysis revealed 194+2T>C mutation of SPINK1. Biliary obstruction was successfully decompressed by stent insertion and underwent chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Although there is accumulating evidence of association between SPINK1 mutation and CP, the relationship between SPINK1 mutation and pancreatic cancer in CP patient is an emerging concept. Genetic analysis should be considered in patients with young age especially when diagnosed with both CP and pancreatic cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acinar Cells , Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Drug Therapy , Genes, vif , Jaundice, Obstructive , Lymph Nodes , Nausea , Neoplasm Metastasis , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Radiotherapy , Serine Proteases , Skin , Stents , Weight Loss
18.
Journal of Digestive Cancer Report ; (2): 26-30, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787282

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic cancer has a very poor prognosis. Complete surgical resection remains the only current curative treatment. Locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC) is considered as unresectable because of involvement of celiac and/or mesenteric vessels. The treatment of LAPC is a challenge. Current guidelines suggest systemic therapy. However, the majority of patients will never experience conversion to surgical resection. Thus, in these patients, ablation is an alternative therapy for local control, which causes local destruction while ideally avoiding injury to surrounding healthy tissue. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is an energy delivery system, effective in ablating tumors by inducing irreversible membrane destruction of cells. IRE demonstrated to be safe in previous studies. However, it is not free from complications, even serious. Here, we reported two cases of the IRE in LAPC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electroporation , Membranes , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Prognosis
19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 545-554, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759433

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To report our experiences in pregnant patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) who were treated with targeted therapy. METHODS: From 2011 to 2017, women who decided to maintain pregnancies in our PAH clinic were included. Clinical data, management, and outcomes of the mothers and fetuses were reviewed. RESULTS: Nine women with PAH and 10 deliveries were reviewed. The median maternal age was 28 (26–32) years old. The functional status of each patient was New York Heart Association functional class II or III at first visit. Sildenafil was prescribed in advance in 9 cases of delivery. Multidiscipline team approach management and intensive care were performed during the peripartum period. There was no maternal or fetal mortality. Severe cardiac events occurred in 2 patients with Eisenmenger syndrome: cardiac arrest and uncontrolled arrhythmia. Non-cardiac events occurred in 3 cases: postpartum bleeding, urinary tract infection, and pneumonia. The median gestational period at delivery was about 34 (32–38) weeks. Three cases were emergent delivery because of unexpected preterm labor. Intrauterine growth restriction developed in 4 fetuses. CONCLUSIONS: Pregnancy could be maintained by the introduction of targeted therapy rather more safely than the previous era in the case of maintenance of pregnancy. Intensive care and a multidisciplinary team approach can possibly improve the outcomes of the pregnant women with PAH and their babies. However, pregnancy in patients with PAH is still strongly prohibited and it can be tried in expert center where there has sufficient multidisciplinary team approach in case of inevitability.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Critical Care , Eisenmenger Complex , Fetal Mortality , Fetus , Heart , Heart Arrest , Hemorrhage , Hypertension , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Maternal Age , Mothers , Obstetric Labor, Premature , Peripartum Period , Pneumonia , Postpartum Period , Pregnant Women , Sildenafil Citrate , Urinary Tract Infections
20.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 80-88, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739688

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have revealed that contrast-enhanced harmonic endoscopic ultrasonography (CEH-EUS) is beneficial in the differential diagnosis of malignant neoplasms of the pancreas and gallbladder from benign masses, in terms of the evaluation of microvasculature and real-time perfusion. In this study, we aimed to prove the clinical value of CEH-EUS in the differential diagnosis of pancreatic and gallbladder masses by direct comparison with that of conventional EUS. METHODS: We reviewed the sonographic images and medical information of 471 patients who underwent conventional EUS and CEH-EUS for the diagnosis of pancreatic and gallbladder masses at a single medical center (Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea) between March 2010 and March 2016. RESULTS: The enhancement pattern of CEH-EUS of the pancreatic solid masses showed higher sensitivity and specificity in differentiating pancreatic adenocarcinoma and neuroendocrine tumors (82.0% and 87.9% for pancreatic adenocarcinoma and 81.1% and 90.9% for neuroendocrine tumors, respectively), and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curves was higher than that of conventional EUS. The enhancement texture of CEH-EUS of the gallbladder masses showed a higher sensitivity in differentiating malignant masses than that of conventional EUS; however, the difference between the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves was not statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: CEH-EUS can complement conventional EUS in the diagnosis of pancreatic and gallbladder masses, in terms of the limitations of the latter.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Complement System Proteins , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Endosonography , Gallbladder , Microvessels , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Pancreas , Perfusion , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Seoul , Ultrasonography
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