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1.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 927-938, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999778

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is emerging as a valuable non-invasive tool to identify tumor heterogeneity and tumor burden. This study investigated ctDNA dynamics in metastatic colorectal cancer patients treated with regorafenib. @*Materials and Methods@#In this prospective biomarker study, plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) samples obtained at baseline, at the first response evaluation after 2 cycles of treatment, and at the time of progressive disease were sequenced using a targeted next-generation sequencing platform which included 106 genes. @*Results@#A total of 285 blood samples from 110 patients were analyzed. Higher baseline cfDNA concentration was associated with worse progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). After 2 cycles of treatment, variant allele frequency (VAF) in the majority of ctDNA mutations decreased with a mean relative change of –31.6%. Decreases in the VAF of TP53, APC, TCF7L2, and ROS1 after 2 cycles of regorafenib were associated with longer PFS. We used the sum of VAF at each time point as a surrogate for the overall ctDNA burden. A reduction in sum (VAF) of ≥ 50% after 2 cycles was associated with longer PFS (6.1 vs. 2.7 months, p=0.002), OS (11.3 vs. 5.9 months, p=0.001), and higher disease control rate (86.3% vs. 51.1%, p < 0.001). VAF of the majority of the ctDNA mutations increased at the time of disease progression, and VAF of BRAF increased markedly. @*Conclusion@#Reduction in ctDNA burden as estimated by sum (VAF) could be used to predict treatment outcome of regorafenib.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 166-175, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925418

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Local excision (LE) is an alternative initial treatment for clinical T1 rectal cancer, and has avoided potential morbidity. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes of LE compared with total mesorectal excision (TME) for clinical T1 rectal cancer. @*Methods@#Between January 2000 and December 2011, we retrospectively reviewed from multicenter data in patients with clinically suspected T1 rectal cancer treated with either LE or TME. Of 1,071 patients, 106 were treated with LE and 965 were treated with TME. The data were analyzed using propensity score matching, with each group comprising 91 patients. @*Results@#After propensity score matching, the median follow-up time was 60.8 months (range, 0.6–150.6 months). After adjustment for the necessary variables, patients who underwent LE showed a significantly higher local recurrence rate than did those who underwent TME; however, there were no differences in disease-free survival and overall survival. In the multivariate analysis, age (hazard ratio [HR], 9.620; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.415–27.098; P<0.001) and angiolymphatic invasion (HR, 3.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.33–9.89; P=0.012) were independently associated with overall survival. However, LE was neither associated with overall survival nor disease-free survival. @*Conclusion@#LE for clinical T1 rectal cancer yielded a higher local recurrence rate than did TME. Nevertheless, LE provided comparable overall survival rate and can be proposed as an optional treatment in terms of organ-preserving strategies.

3.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 93-101, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889286

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was performed to compare the oncologic outcomes between nonradical management and total mesorectal excision in good responders after chemoradiotherapy. @*Methods@#We analyzed 75 patients, who underwent 14 watch-and-wait, 30 local excision, and 31 total mesorectal excision, in ycT0–1N0M0 based on magnetic resonance imaging after chemoradiotherapy for advanced mid-to-low rectal cancer in 3 referral hospitals. The nonradical management group underwent surveillance with additional sigmoidoscopy and rectal magnetic resonance imaging every 3–6 months within the first 2 years. @*Results@#Nonradical management group had more low-lying tumors (P < 0.001) and less lymph node metastasis based on magnetic resonance imaging (P = 0.004). However, cT stage, ycT, and ycN stage were not different between the 2 groups. With a median follow-up period of 64.7 months, the 5-year locoregional failure rate was higher in the nonradical management group than in the total mesorectal excision group (16.7% vs. 0%, P = 0.013). However, the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates of the nonradical management and total mesorectal excision groups were not different (95.2% vs. 93.5%, P = 0.467; 76.4% vs. 83.6%, P = 0.665; respectively). @*Conclusion@#This study shows that nonradical management for ycT0–1N0 mid-to-low rectal cancer may be an alternative treatment to total mesorectal excision under proper surveillance and management for oncologic events.

4.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 93-101, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896990

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was performed to compare the oncologic outcomes between nonradical management and total mesorectal excision in good responders after chemoradiotherapy. @*Methods@#We analyzed 75 patients, who underwent 14 watch-and-wait, 30 local excision, and 31 total mesorectal excision, in ycT0–1N0M0 based on magnetic resonance imaging after chemoradiotherapy for advanced mid-to-low rectal cancer in 3 referral hospitals. The nonradical management group underwent surveillance with additional sigmoidoscopy and rectal magnetic resonance imaging every 3–6 months within the first 2 years. @*Results@#Nonradical management group had more low-lying tumors (P < 0.001) and less lymph node metastasis based on magnetic resonance imaging (P = 0.004). However, cT stage, ycT, and ycN stage were not different between the 2 groups. With a median follow-up period of 64.7 months, the 5-year locoregional failure rate was higher in the nonradical management group than in the total mesorectal excision group (16.7% vs. 0%, P = 0.013). However, the 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates of the nonradical management and total mesorectal excision groups were not different (95.2% vs. 93.5%, P = 0.467; 76.4% vs. 83.6%, P = 0.665; respectively). @*Conclusion@#This study shows that nonradical management for ycT0–1N0 mid-to-low rectal cancer may be an alternative treatment to total mesorectal excision under proper surveillance and management for oncologic events.

5.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 186-190, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892617

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic tattooing is used to mark colorectal lesions for subsequent surgery. As a tattooing agent, India ink has been widely used but is not currently available in Korea. Indocyanine green (ICG) can be applied as an alternative agent. However, studies on colonoscopic tattooing by the direct injection of indocyanine green are lacking. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between an ICG direct injection method and an India ink saline test injection method. @*Methods@#A total of 227 patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic tattooing for colorectal neoplasm (149 patients in the ICG direct injection group and 78 patients in the India ink saline test injection group) were included in the study. The efficacy of the two methods was compared by visualization and safety was compared by evaluating the perioperative tattooing complications. @*Results@#The visualization of lesions in the ICG group was not different from that of the India ink group (p=0.42, 96.0% vs 98.7%, respectively). Only one patient in the ICG group had abdominal pain related to tattooing, but no complications developed in the India ink group. @*Conclusion@#Considering the good visualization and low complication rate, the direct injection of ICG can be used as an alternative tattooing method.

6.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 83-87, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830364

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Patients who undergo radical surgery for rectal cancer often experience low anterior resection syndrome (LARS). Symptoms of this syndrome include frequent bowel movements, gas incontinence, fecal incontinence, fragmentation, and urgency. The aim of this study was to investigate the convergent validity, discriminative validity, and reliability of the Korean version of the LARS score questionnaire. @*Methods@#The English LARS score questionnaire was translated into Korean using the forward-and-back translation method. A total of 146 patients who underwent radical surgery for rectal cancer answered the Korean version of the LARS score questionnaire including an anchor question assessing the impact of bowel function. Participants answered the questionnaire once more after 2 weeks. @*Results@#The Korean LARS score questionnaire showed high convergent validity in terms of high correlation between the LARS score and quality of life (perfect fit 55.5% vs. moderate fit 37.6% vs. no fit 6.8%, respectively; P 8 cm; P = 0.021), and radiotherapy (32 for yes vs. 24 for no; P = 0.001). The LARS score also demonstrated high reliability at test-retest with no difference between scores at the first and second tests (intraclass correlation coefficient: Q1 = 0.932; Q2 = 0.909, Q3 = 0.944, Q4 = 0.931, and Q5 = 0.942; P < 0.001, respectively). @*Conclusion@#The Korean version of the LARS score questionnaire has proven to be a valid and reliable tool for measuring LARS in Korean patients with rectal cancer.

7.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 189-196, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830555

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The number of international visiting scholars has been on the increase in Korea and we aim to investigate the program’s current situation. @*Methods@#This cross-sectional study is based on an online survey questionnaire responded by international visiting scholars in surgical departments of 8 Korean hospitals between 2014 and 2018 about their experiences and satisfaction with the visiting scholar program. @*Results@#A total of 1,496 international scholars from 80 countries visited various surgical departments in 8 Korean hospitals between 2014 and 2018. The numbers have been on the increase over the years. Out of 355 visiting scholars in 2018, 71 replied to the online survey, of whom 52 were male and 19 female, and mostly in their 30s and 40s. Information about the program was accessed mostly through friends or colleagues (42.3%) and international conferences (36.6%). The commonest funding source was private (35.2%) and more than half stayed for less than 3 months. The visiting scholar’s main roles were mostly observation or participation in surgery and clinical research. All but 1 were satisfied with the program (98.6%) and would recommend it to friends and colleagues, although the language barrier was identified as an inconvenience. Those aged 20–39 years with governmental or institutional funding were associated with stays of more than 1 year. @*Conclusion@#The number of international visiting scholars at surgical departments in Korean hospitals has been on the increase with high satisfaction levels. Improvements need to be made on funding sources and lengthening visiting period to maximize the benefits of the program.

8.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 186-190, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900321

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Endoscopic tattooing is used to mark colorectal lesions for subsequent surgery. As a tattooing agent, India ink has been widely used but is not currently available in Korea. Indocyanine green (ICG) can be applied as an alternative agent. However, studies on colonoscopic tattooing by the direct injection of indocyanine green are lacking. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety between an ICG direct injection method and an India ink saline test injection method. @*Methods@#A total of 227 patients who underwent preoperative endoscopic tattooing for colorectal neoplasm (149 patients in the ICG direct injection group and 78 patients in the India ink saline test injection group) were included in the study. The efficacy of the two methods was compared by visualization and safety was compared by evaluating the perioperative tattooing complications. @*Results@#The visualization of lesions in the ICG group was not different from that of the India ink group (p=0.42, 96.0% vs 98.7%, respectively). Only one patient in the ICG group had abdominal pain related to tattooing, but no complications developed in the India ink group. @*Conclusion@#Considering the good visualization and low complication rate, the direct injection of ICG can be used as an alternative tattooing method.

9.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 407-415, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916182

ABSTRACT

Although colorectal cancer emerged as a major public health concern, its incidence as well as mortality are decreasing during recent years in Korea. Most important contributor for these reduction in disease burden is colorectal cancer screening. Besides screening, primary prevention through risk factor modification could reduce 10% to 54% of colorectal cancer incidence. These factors include limiting alcohol, processed and red meat consumption, and cigarette smoking, maintaining optimal weight, and engaging physical activities.

10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1188-1197, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763161

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate treatment response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) with regard to mucin status in pathology and pretreatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in locally advanced rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2003 and 2011, 306 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer received neoadjuvant CRT followed by surgery, and mucinous adenocarcinoma (MAC) was found in 27 (8.8%). All MAC patients had MRI before and after CRT and mucin proportion at MRI was measured. Therapeutic response was assessed by pathology after total mesorectal excision. To determine the optimal cut-off for mucin proportion in predicting good CRT response (near total or total regression) and negative circumferential resection margin (CRM), the receiver-operating characteristic analysis was performed. RESULTS: After neoadjuvant CRT, overall downstaging occurred in 44.4% of MAC and 72.4% of non-MAC (p=0.001), and positive CRM (≤1 mm) was observed more frequently in MAC (p<0.001). The optimal threshold for treatment response was 30% for mucin proportion, and there are nine with low mucin proportion (<30%) and 18 with high mucin proportion (≥30%) in pretreatment MRI. Negative CRM and tumor downstaging occurred more common in patients with mucin <30%, although statistically insignificant (p=0.071 and p=0.072, respectively). Regarding oncologic outcomes, lower mucin proportion in pretreatment MRI was associated with better disease-free and overall survival in MAC group (p=0.092 and 0.056, respectively), but the difference did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Poor treatment outcome with neoadjuvant CRT was observed in patients with MAC, especially those with high mucin proportion at pretreatment MRI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Chemoradiotherapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mucins , Pathology , Rectal Neoplasms , Treatment Outcome
11.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 407-415, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766610

ABSTRACT

Although colorectal cancer emerged as a major public health concern, its incidence as well as mortality are decreasing during recent years in Korea. Most important contributor for these reduction in disease burden is colorectal cancer screening. Besides screening, primary prevention through risk factor modification could reduce 10% to 54% of colorectal cancer incidence. These factors include limiting alcohol, processed and red meat consumption, and cigarette smoking, maintaining optimal weight, and engaging physical activities.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Epidemiology , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , Mortality , Motor Activity , Primary Prevention , Public Health , Red Meat , Risk Factors , Smoking
12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 285-288, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762325

ABSTRACT

An inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a solid tumor of unknown etiology frequently affecting children and young adults and commonly affecting the lung or orbital region. We present a case involving a 41-year-old man who had an IMT combined with Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in the retroperitoneum. He presented with only pain in the right lower abdomen without accompanying symptoms; a retroperitoneal mass was found on computed tomography. The tumor had invaded the end of the ileum and was attached to the omentum, so mass excision could not be performed. The tumor was completely excised surgically and had histological features diagnostic of an IMT. Histologic findings of the omentum were positive for Ziehl-Nielsen staining for acid-fast bacilli and for a positive polymerase chain reaction for M. tuberculosis. The patient had no apparent immune disorder. These findings made this case exceptional because IMTs, which are mostly due to atypical mycobacteria, have been found mainly in immunocompromised patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Young Adult , Abdomen , Ileum , Immune System Diseases , Immunocompromised Host , Inflammation , Lung , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Myofibroblasts , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria , Omentum , Orbit , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Tuberculosis
13.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 83-93, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762300

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the oncologic outcomes of locally advanced rectal cancer patients who underwent preoperative neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery and determined the prognostic significance of pathologic complete response (pCR). METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2015, 580 patients with rectal cancer who underwent surgery after neoadjuvant CRT were identified. Survival according to tumor response to CRT and pathologic stage was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox proportional hazard model was used to identify factors associated with survival outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 111 patients (23.7%) achieved pCR while the other 469 patients showed residual disease. Patients with pCR had a lower pretreatment carcinoembryonic antigen level and earlier cT classification than those with residual disease. With a median follow-up of 78 months, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly better in the pCR group than in the residual disease group. The 5-year DFS and 5-year OS for patients with ypStage 0, I, II, or III were 92.5%, 85.1%, 72.2%, 54.3% (P < 0.001) and 94.5%, 91.0%, 83.1%, 69.3%, respectively (P < 0.001). Pathologic AJCC stage after CRT was the most statistically significant independent predictor of OS (HR, 6.97 [95% confidence interval, 3.16–15.39] for stage III vs. stage 0) and DFS (HR, 7.30 [95% confidence interval, 3.63–14.67] for stage III vs. stage 0). CONCLUSION: Rectal cancer patients who achieved pCR showed improved survival compared to those with residual disease after preoperative CRT. Moreover, pCR was an independent indicator of OS and DFS, and pathologic AJCC stage was correlated with survival after preoperative CRT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Chemoradiotherapy , Classification , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Methods , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Proportional Hazards Models , Rectal Neoplasms
14.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 121-128, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716861

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: A standardized colonoscopy training program surgical residents is still unestablished. The aim of this study was to assess the current status of colonoscopy training for surgical residents and collect the opinions on the direction for future colonoscopy education. METHODS: A questionnaire survey containing 24 items was conducted by sending an email to 310 colorectal surgeons in 84 training hospitals across the country. RESULTS: One hundred fifteen staff surgeons (115 of 310, 37%) of 84 institutions returned fully completed questionnaires. Most surgeons were working at tertiary hospitals with more than 5 years of clinical experience. About half of the responding surgeons answered that they perform colonoscopy in clinical practice and the main purpose of colonoscopy was follow-up after colorectal resection. Only 9 of 84 hospitals (10.7%) had a regular program on colonoscopy training for surgical residents. Most of colonoscopy education was conducted irregularly in a form of staff lecture, conferences or hands-on workshops. According to the future directions, 72 of 115 surgeons (62.6%) answered judging competency in colonoscopy should be needed for professional qualification of the surgeon. About 50 cases of colonoscopy seem appropriate during the 4-year-training of surgical residency, especially during the third- and fourth-year. CONCLUSION: This survey shows colonoscopy education for surgical residents is still insufficient in Korea and that most surgeons feel that regular colonoscopy training is needed during the surgical residency period. There needs to be efforts to standardize the education program as well as various institutional and academic societal supports to achieve this goal.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Colorectal Surgery , Congresses as Topic , Education , Electronic Mail , Follow-Up Studies , Internship and Residency , Korea , Surgeons , Tertiary Care Centers
15.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 201-212, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717843

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although lymph node (LN) metastasis is an important prognostic marker of colorectal cancer (CRC), the effect of LN metastasis on the survival of stage IV CRC is debated yet. METHODS: LN status and survivals as well as clinicopathological features of synchronous stage IV CRC patients, operated for 8 years, were analyzed. Patients with hematogenous metastases were included only but those with peritoneal seeding or preoperative adjuvant therapy were not included. RESULTS: Total 850 patients were enrolled and 77 (9.1%) were without LN metastases (N0M1). N0M1 patients were older and have favorable pathological features including lower CEA than patients with LN metastasis (N + M1). The pathologically poor features accumulated with N stage progression within N + M1. N0M1 had better 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease free survival than N + M1. And 5-year OS's within N + M1 group were stratified and different according to N stage progression, although the effect of N stage progression is different according to curative resection or not. When compared with stage III, 5-year OS of N0M1 with curative resection was comparable to that of anyTN2aM0 and was better than anyTN2bM1. CONCLUSION: LN metastasis is a significant prognostic factor in stage IV by hematogenous metastasis, too. N stage progression accumulates pathologically poor prognostic factors. However, the effect on survival of each N stage progression differs depending on curative resection or not of the hematogenous metastases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis
16.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 506-517, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714222

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to validate the prognostic influence of treatment response among patients with positive circumferential resection margin for locally advanced rectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data of 197 patientswith positive circumferential resection margin defined as ≤ 2 mm after preoperative chemoradiotherapy followed by total mesorectal excision between 2004 and 2009 were collected for this multicenter validation study. All patients underwent median 50.4 Gy radiation with concurrent fluoropyrimidine based chemotherapy. Treatment response was dichotomized to good response, including treatment response of grade 2 or 3, and poor response, including grade 0 or 1. RESULTS: After 52 months median follow-up, 5-year overall survival (OS) for good responders and poor responders was 79.1% and 48.4%, respectively (p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, circumferential resection margin involvement and treatment response were a prognosticator for OS and locoregional recurrence-free survival. In subgroup analysis, good responders with close margin showed significantly better survival outcomes for survival. Good responders with involved margin and poor responders with close margin shared similar results, whereas poor responders with involved margin had worst survival (5-year OS, 81.2%, 57.0%, 50.0%, and 32.4%, respectively; p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Among patients with positive circumferential resection margin after preoperative chemoradiotherapy, survival of the good responders was significantly better than poor responders. Subgroup analysis revealed that definition of positive circumferential resection margin may be individualized as involvement for good responders, whereas ≤ 2 mm for poor responders.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Radiation Dosage , Rectal Neoplasms
17.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 286-291, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718753

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Stage-IIIC colon cancer is an advanced disease; however, its oncologic outcomes and prognostic factors remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to determine the predictors of disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage-IIIC colon cancer. METHODS: From a multicenter database, we retrospectively enrolled 611 patients (355 men and 256 women) who had undergone a potentially curative resection for a stage-IIIC colon adenocarcinoma between 2003 and 2011. The primary end-point was the 5-year DFS. RESULTS: The median age was 62 years; 213 and 398 patients had right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC), respectively. The 5-year DFS in all patients was 52.0%; median follow-up time was 35 months (range, 1–134 months). A multivariate Cox regression revealed that female sex (hazard ratio [HR], 1.50; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.19–1.90; P < 0.01), right-sided tumor location (HR, 1.65; 95% CI, 1.29–2.11; P < 0.01), lymphatic invasion (HR, 1.52; 95% CI, 1.08–2.15; P < 0.01) and a high (≥0.4) metastatic lymph node ratio (HR, 3.72; 95% CI, 2.63–5.24; P < 0.01) were independent predictors of worse 5-year DFS. Female patients with RCC were 1.79 fold more likely to experience recurrence than male patients with LCC. CONCLUSION: Female sex and right-sided tumor location are associated with higher tumor recurrence rates in patients with stage-IIIC colon cancers. Aggressive treatment and close surveillance should be planned for patients in these groups.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Descending , Colonic Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
18.
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health ; : 281-288, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between cholecystectomy or appendectomy and the subsequent risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Korean population. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted with the National Health Insurance Service–National Sample Cohort of Korea; this sample was followed up from January 1, 2002, until the date of CRC incidence, loss to follow-up, or December 31, 2015. The exposure status of cholecystectomy and appendectomy was treated as a time-varying covariate. The calculated risk of CRC was stratified by follow-up period, and the association between these surgical procedures and CRC was investigated by a Cox regression model applying appropriate lag periods. RESULTS: A total of 707 663 individuals were identified for analysis. The study population was followed up for an average of 13.66 years, and 4324 CRC cases were identified. The hazard ratio (HR) of CRC was elevated in the first year after cholecystectomy (HR, 1.71; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.01 to 2.89) and in the first year and 2-3 years after appendectomy (HR, 4.22; 95% CI, 2.87 to 6.20; HR, 2.34; 95% CI, 1.36 to 4.03, respectively). The HRs of CRC after applying 1 year of lag after cholecystectomy and 3 years of lag after appendectomy were 0.80 (95% CI, 0.57 to 1.13) and 0.77 (95% CI, 0.51 to 1.16), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of CRC increased in the first year after cholecystectomy and appendectomy, implying the possibility of bias. When appropriate lag periods after surgery were applied, no association was found between cholecystectomy or appendectomy and CRC.


Subject(s)
Appendectomy , Bias , Cholecystectomy , Cohort Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Korea , National Health Programs , Retrospective Studies
19.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 102-107, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788013

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Studies investigating the appropriate post-surgery follow-up method for elderly patients with colorectal cancer are limited. Thus, the purpose of this study was to compare survival rates between two follow-up methods in patients aged 80 years or older who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer.METHODS: Between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2010, 165 patients aged 80 years or older underwent curative resection for non-metastatic colorectal cancer at the Department of Surgery, Seoul National University Hospital. Sixty-six of these patients were excluded due to the lack of follow-up, while the remaining 99 were included in our study. These 99 patients were divided into the following two groups depending on their post-surgery follow-up method. Patients who underwent follow-up on a regular basis, which was defined as once every six months to one year, with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and computed tomography (CT) comprised the Regular group, and those who received follow-up with CEA alone or underwent CT procedures once every two years or more comprised the Minimal group. Overall survival was analyzed with the log-rank test and Cox regression analysis.RESULTS: Of the 99 patients, 62 were in Regular group and 37 were in Minimal group. There was no difference in overall survival rate between the two post-surgery follow-up methods (regular group vs. minimal group: 51.6% vs. 50.9% [5-year overall survival rate], P=0.819). Additionally, no significant differences was detected between the groups following multivariate analysis (harzard ratio=0.907; 95% confidence interval=0.460–1.788, P=0.777).CONCLUSION: A significant survival gain was not observed between Regular and Minimal group. To draw a more definite conclusion, a multi-center randomized research study should be conducted.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Colorectal Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Seoul , Survival Rate
20.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 118-125, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788010

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nutrition status is an important factor for perioperative morbidity in cancer surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the malnutrition risk, determined by Seoul National University Hospital-nutrition screening index (SNUH-NSI), on operative morbidity after colorectal surgery for cancer.METHODS: This study enrolled 2,462 patients who had undergone colectomy for initially diagnosed colorectal cancer at Seoul National University Hospital from January 2011 to December 2014. We collected general patient information, SNUH-NSI and prognostic nutritional index (PNI) at administration and related parameters (serum albumin, cholesterol, total lymphocyte counts, hemoglobin and body mass index), operative method, hospital stay and operative morbidity.RESULTS: Patients' mean age was 62.12 years, and 423 patients (17.18%) were rated as severe malnutrition risk. Patients with high risk of malnutrition by SNUH-NSI or PNI, men, higher American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class, palliative operation, and higher stage showed higher operative morbidity (P < 0.05). On multivariate analysis, significant independent risk factors for operative morbidity were severe malnutrition by SNUH-NSI (odds ratio [OR], 1.868; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.429–2.442; P < 0.001) or PNI (OR, 1.596; 95% CI, 1.258–2.025; P < 0.001), men (OR, 1.483; 95% CI, 1.174–1.876; P=0.001), or high ASA class (OR, 1.782; 95% CI, 1.136–2.795; P=0.012).CONCLUSION: Overall nutritional status, rather than single data, shows significant association with postoperative morbidity in patients who underwent colectomy. Especially severe malnutrition determined by SNUH-NSI, is an independent risk factor for perioperative morbidity. Nutritional support to severely malnourished patient by SNUH-NSI is expected to be effective in preventing complications after colectomy of colorectal carcinoma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Cholesterol , Colectomy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Malnutrition , Mass Screening , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Risk Factors , Seoul
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