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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915761

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Long-term maintenance treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is commonly used to prevent relapse of reflux symptoms; however, due to concerns about safety of long-term proton pump inhibitors (PPI) use, on-demand therapy is recommended as a longterm treatment modality. We compared the efficacy of on-demand and continuous PPI therapy for maintenance treatment of patients with GERD using meta-analysis. @*Methods@#Core electronic databases were searched for randomized controlled trials comparing on-demand and continuous therapy in GERD patients. The primary outcome was treatment failure of maintenance therapy, and the secondary outcomes included symptomatic relief, patient satisfaction, and amount of PPI use. @*Results@#Overall, 11 studies were selected in the systematic review and meta-analysis. Compared with continuous PPI therapy, on-demand therapy showed similar outcomes for treatment failure (risk ratio, 1.26; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76-2.07), particularly in the non-erosive esophageal reflux disease and mild erosive reflux disease group (risk ratio, 1.48; 95% CI, 0.39-5.63). In studies including severe esophagitis patients, continuous PPI maintenance treatment was more effective (β, 0.127 [95% CI, 0.066-0.188]; P < 0.001). Severity of esophagitis was associated with higher efficacies of continuous maintenance therapy. The amount of daily PPI use was about half in the on-demand group compared to the continuous group (risk difference −0.52; 95% CI, −0.62-−0.42). @*Conclusions@#On-demand PPI therapy shows comparable efficacy to the continuous maintenance treatment in the non-erosive esophageal reflux disease and mild erosive reflux disease group, and can remarkably reduce the amount of PPI use. Therefore, on-demand therapy may be preferentially recommended in the maintenance treatment of GERD unaccompanied by severe esophagitis.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915759

ABSTRACT

Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is a highly efficacious and safe modality for the treatment of recurrent or refractory Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), with overall success rates of 90%. Thus, FMT has been widely used for 10 years. The incidence and clinical characteristics of CDI, the main indication for FMT, differ between countries. To date, several guidelines have been published. However, most of them were published in Western countries and therefore cannot represent the Korean national healthcare systems. One of the barriers to performing FMT is a lack of national guidelines. Accordingly, multidisciplinary experts in this field have developed practical guidelines for FMT. The purpose of these guidelines is to aid physicians performing FMT, which can be adapted to treat CDI and other conditions.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900442

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which gastric contents regurgitate into the esophagus or beyond, resulting in either troublesome symptoms or complications. GERD is heterogeneous in terms of varied manifestations, test findings, and treatment responsiveness. GERD diagnosis can be established with symptomatology, pathology, or physiology. Recently the Lyon consensus defined the “proven GERD” with concrete evidence for reflux, including advanced grade erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification grades C and or D esophagitis), long-segment Barrett’s mucosa or peptic strictures on endoscopy or distal esophageal acid exposure time > 6% on 24-hour ambulatory pH-impedance monitoring. However, some Asian researchers have different opinions on whether the same standards should be applied to the Asian population. The prevalence of GERD is increasing in Asia. The present evidence-based guidelines were developed using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. In GERD with typical symptoms, a proton pump inhibitor test can be recommended as a sensitive, cost-effective, and practical test for GERD diagnosis.Based on a meta-analysis of 19 estimated acid-exposure time values in Asians, the reference range upper limit for esophageal acid exposure time was 3.2% (95% confidence interval, 2.7-3.9%) in the Asian countries. Esophageal manometry and novel impedance measurements, including mucosal impedance and a post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave, are promising in discrimination of GERD among different reflux phenotypes, thus increasing its diagnostic yield. We also propose a long-term strategy of evidence-based GERD treatment with proton pump inhibitors and other drugs.

4.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 194-198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900274

ABSTRACT

A 60-year-old man diagnosed with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presented to the hospital with pain in the perineal region. He had been taking lenvatinib every day for 2 months after he was diagnosed with HCC with metastases to the lymph node, small bowel mesentery, and retroperitoneal space. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography revealed mild elevation in intensity in the perineal subcutaneous tissue with subcutaneous emphysema. The patient was diagnosed with Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events grade 3, skin ulceration of stage IV with full-thickness skin loss and tissue necrosis in the muscular layer. The patient was taken off the medication with prescription of antibiotics, and after 3 weeks, the skin has fully recovered. This is the first report of an HCC patient who presented with a skin ulceration of stage IV after lenvatinib treatment. We recommend stopping the medication immediately and changing to alternative treatments with appropriate supportive care.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892738

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which gastric contents regurgitate into the esophagus or beyond, resulting in either troublesome symptoms or complications. GERD is heterogeneous in terms of varied manifestations, test findings, and treatment responsiveness. GERD diagnosis can be established with symptomatology, pathology, or physiology. Recently the Lyon consensus defined the “proven GERD” with concrete evidence for reflux, including advanced grade erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification grades C and or D esophagitis), long-segment Barrett’s mucosa or peptic strictures on endoscopy or distal esophageal acid exposure time > 6% on 24-hour ambulatory pH-impedance monitoring. However, some Asian researchers have different opinions on whether the same standards should be applied to the Asian population. The prevalence of GERD is increasing in Asia. The present evidence-based guidelines were developed using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. In GERD with typical symptoms, a proton pump inhibitor test can be recommended as a sensitive, cost-effective, and practical test for GERD diagnosis.Based on a meta-analysis of 19 estimated acid-exposure time values in Asians, the reference range upper limit for esophageal acid exposure time was 3.2% (95% confidence interval, 2.7-3.9%) in the Asian countries. Esophageal manometry and novel impedance measurements, including mucosal impedance and a post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave, are promising in discrimination of GERD among different reflux phenotypes, thus increasing its diagnostic yield. We also propose a long-term strategy of evidence-based GERD treatment with proton pump inhibitors and other drugs.

6.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 194-198, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892570

ABSTRACT

A 60-year-old man diagnosed with unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) presented to the hospital with pain in the perineal region. He had been taking lenvatinib every day for 2 months after he was diagnosed with HCC with metastases to the lymph node, small bowel mesentery, and retroperitoneal space. Enhanced abdominal computed tomography revealed mild elevation in intensity in the perineal subcutaneous tissue with subcutaneous emphysema. The patient was diagnosed with Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events grade 3, skin ulceration of stage IV with full-thickness skin loss and tissue necrosis in the muscular layer. The patient was taken off the medication with prescription of antibiotics, and after 3 weeks, the skin has fully recovered. This is the first report of an HCC patient who presented with a skin ulceration of stage IV after lenvatinib treatment. We recommend stopping the medication immediately and changing to alternative treatments with appropriate supportive care.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903617

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To improve the eradication rate of a first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection, alternate regimens such as sequential, concomitant, and hybrid therapies have been tried. The aim of this study was to evaluate the eradication rate of the 10-day hybrid therapy as a first-line therapy. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study enrolled 124 patients from the Korea University Ansan Hospital between April 2016 and December 2019. The 10-day hybrid therapy comprised 5 days of dual therapy (proton pump inhibitor [PPI] standard dose and amoxicillin 1 g, twice daily) followed by 5 days of quadruple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily). We compared the 10-day hybrid therapy with the 10-day concomitant therapy comprising PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily. Eradication was assessed by a 13C-urea breath test or gastroscopic biopsy at least 4 weeks after treatment completion. @*Results@#The eradication rates of the 10-day hybrid and concomitant therapies were 74.2% (46/62) and 67.7% (42/62), respectively, in the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis and 88.5% (46/52) and 82.4% (42/51), respectively, in the per-protocol (PP) analysis. There was no significant difference in the eradication rates between the two groups in the ITT (P=0.429) and PP analysis (P=0.380). Adverse events developed in 75.0% and 70.6% of patients in the hybrid and concomitant groups, respectively, but there was no significant difference (P=0.615). @*Conclusions@#The 10-day hybrid therapy can be an option for a first-line therapy of Helicobacter pylori infection.

8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895913

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To improve the eradication rate of a first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection, alternate regimens such as sequential, concomitant, and hybrid therapies have been tried. The aim of this study was to evaluate the eradication rate of the 10-day hybrid therapy as a first-line therapy. @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective study enrolled 124 patients from the Korea University Ansan Hospital between April 2016 and December 2019. The 10-day hybrid therapy comprised 5 days of dual therapy (proton pump inhibitor [PPI] standard dose and amoxicillin 1 g, twice daily) followed by 5 days of quadruple therapy (PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily). We compared the 10-day hybrid therapy with the 10-day concomitant therapy comprising PPI, amoxicillin 1 g, clarithromycin 500 mg, and metronidazole 500 mg, twice daily. Eradication was assessed by a 13C-urea breath test or gastroscopic biopsy at least 4 weeks after treatment completion. @*Results@#The eradication rates of the 10-day hybrid and concomitant therapies were 74.2% (46/62) and 67.7% (42/62), respectively, in the intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis and 88.5% (46/52) and 82.4% (42/51), respectively, in the per-protocol (PP) analysis. There was no significant difference in the eradication rates between the two groups in the ITT (P=0.429) and PP analysis (P=0.380). Adverse events developed in 75.0% and 70.6% of patients in the hybrid and concomitant groups, respectively, but there was no significant difference (P=0.615). @*Conclusions@#The 10-day hybrid therapy can be an option for a first-line therapy of Helicobacter pylori infection.

9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713778

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Several previous studies suggest that eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) leads to the disappearance of gastric hyperplastic polyps. However, little is known about the effect of H. pylori status and eradication on the recurrence of gastric polyps after endoscopic removal. Here, we investigated the recurrence of gastric polyps according to the final H. pylori status in patients who underwent endoscopic removal of gastric hyperplastic polyps. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2016, patients who underwent endoscopic removal of gastric hyperplastic polyps and were followed-up for more than two months were enrolled. The success of H. pylori eradication was assessed by histology and rapid urease test or urea breath test, at least 4 weeks after the completion of eradication treatment. At follow-up, the recurrence of gastric polyp was evaluated via esophagogastroduodenoscopy. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients were enrolled. During the mean follow-up period of 16.4 months, the recurrence rate of gastric polyp was 25.3%. Among those who received H. pylori eradication therapy, the H. pylori persistent group showed a higher recurrence of polyp than the H. pylori eradicated group; but there was no statistical significance (42.9% vs. 21.7%, p=0.269). Regarding the final H. pylori infection status, the recurrence rate of gastric polyps was significantly higher in the H. pylori positive group than in the H. pylori negative group (42.9% vs. 18.9%, p=0.031). In multivariate analysis, the final H. pylori infection status was a significant risk factor for gastric polyp recurrence after endoscopic removal. CONCLUSIONS: The final positive H. pylori infection status is significantly associated with higher recurrence of gastric hyperplastic polyps after endoscopic removal.


Subject(s)
Breath Tests , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Polyps , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms , Urea , Urease
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740738

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Sleep impairment is a common complaint among patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and functional dyspepsia (FD). This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of sleep impairment in FD or IBS patients, and to determine whether IBS-FD overlap induced more sleep disturbance than FD or IBS alone. METHODS: A population-based cohort in South Korea including 2251 subjects was asked about gastrointestinal symptoms including IBS and dyspepsia-related symptoms. In addition, sleep disturbance was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and Epworth Sleepiness Scale questionnaires. One-way ANOVA and logistic regression were used to assess differences among the 4 groups (healthy subjects, IBS alone, FD alone, and IBS-FD overlap). RESULTS: Of 2251 subjects who were surveyed by questionnaire, 2031 responded (92.5% response rate) and were analyzed. The prevalence of IBS, FD, and IBS-FD overlap was 8.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 6.8–9.2%), 4.8% (95% CI, 3.9–5.8%), and 1.8% (95% CI, 1.2–2.4%), respectively. FD alone, but not IBS alone, was significantly associated with a poorer sleep quality index (OR, 2.68; 95% CI, 1.43–5.01) and more daytime sleepiness (OR, 2.21; 95% CI, 1.14–4.30), compared to healthy subjects. IBS-FD overlap had the greatest likelihood of a poorer sleep quality index (OR, 3.88; 95% CI, 1.83–8.19), daytime sleepiness (OR, 2.47; 95% CI, 1.01–5.67), and insomnia (OR, 2.84; 95% CI, 1.39–5.82), compared to healthy subjects. CONCLUSION: A correlation between functional gastrointestinal disorders and sleep disturbance was demonstrated, which was significantly pronounced in the context of IBS-FD overlap.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Dyspepsia , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Korea , Logistic Models , Prevalence , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 813-820, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82306

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Various clinical scoring systems, including the Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS), Rockall risk score (RS), and AIMS65 score (AIMS65), have been validated to predict the clinical outcomes in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). We compared the performance of these three scoring systems in predicting clinical outcomes in patients with UGIB in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 286 patients with UGIB who visited emergency department. The primary outcome was the need for clinical intervention (endoscopic, radiologic, or surgical) and blood transfusion. RESULTS: The causes of UGIB were esophageal/gastric varices in 64 patients, peptic ulcer in 168, Mallory-Weiss tear in 32, malignancy of UGI tract in eight, and unknown in 14. One hundred seventy-four (61%) patients required blood transfusion, 166 (58%) required endoscopic intervention, and 10 (3.5%) required surgical intervention. The GBS outperformed the RS and AIMS65 in predicting the need for endoscopic intervention. CONCLUSIONS: The GBS and RS were more accurate than AIMS65 in predicting the need for clinical interventions and transfusion patients with UGIB, regardless of variceal or nonvariceal bleeding. The AIMS65 may not be optimal for predicting clinical outcomes of UGIB in Korea.


Subject(s)
Blood Transfusion , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Korea , Mallory-Weiss Syndrome , Mortality , Peptic Ulcer , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Varicose Veins
12.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 605-608, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10730

ABSTRACT

Heterotopic gastric mucosa (HGM) is a rare anomaly in the small bowel and may be the cause of intussusception when it gets a lead point in the jejunum. All cases of intussusception due to intestinal HGM have been treated with surgical resection. A 5-year-old girl presented with chief complaints of vomiting and abdominal pain for 2 weeks. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed intussusception at the proximal jejunal loops. Three air reductions and one saline reduction were attempted without success. She continued to be symptomatic, and endoscopic evaluation was performed. Enteroscopy revealed some variable-sized polypoid mucosal lesions with erosions on the proximal jejunum. Endoscopic mucosal resection was performed using a snare. The resected tissues histologically showed a hyperplastic polyp arising from the HGM. Her symptoms did not recur within 1 year after the treatment. Our case showed that enteroscopy could be useful for the diagnosis and management of jejunal intussusception caused by HGM.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Abdominal Pain , Child, Preschool , Diagnosis , Female , Gastric Mucosa , Humans , Intussusception , Jejunum , Polyps , SNARE Proteins , Vomiting
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222513

ABSTRACT

Helicobacter pylori is one of the most common pathogens in human and it is closely related to gastrointestinal diseases. The cross-sectional nationwide multicenter study in 2011 reported the seroprevalence of H. pylori in Korea as 54.4% and there is decreasing trend in the prevalence of H. pylori with economic growth and improved hygiene. Person-to-person transmission, especially intrafamilial transmission, is the main route of transmission of H. pylori, and H. pylori infection is acquired during early childhood. Infection is often associated with poor sanitation, low educational status, and living in rural area. For the control of H. pylori infection, systematic approach is needed including cost-effective eradication strategy with the control of transmission route and risk factors.


Subject(s)
Economic Development , Educational Status , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Hygiene , Korea , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Sanitation , Seroepidemiologic Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-163312

ABSTRACT

Duodenal diverticula are detected in up to 27% of patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal tract evaluation with periampullary diverticula (PAD) being the most common type. Although PAD usually do not cause symptoms, it can serve as a source of obstructive jaundice even when choledocholithiasis or tumor is not present. This duodenal diverticulum obstructive jaundice syndrome is called Lemmel's syndrome. An 81-yr-old woman came to the emergency room with obstructive jaundice and cholangitis. Abdominal CT scan revealed stony opacity on distal CBD with CBD dilatation. ERCP was performed to remove the stone. However, the stone was not located in the CBD but rather inside the PAD. After removal of the enterolith within the PAD, all her symptoms resolved. Recognition of this condition is important since misdiagnosis could lead to mismanagement and therapeutic delay. Lemmel's syndrome should always be included as one of the differential diagnosis of obstructive jaundice when PAD are present.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Aged, 80 and over , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Cholangitis/complications , Diverticulum , Duodenal Diseases/complications , Female , Fluoroscopy , Gallstones/diagnosis , Humans , Jaundice, Obstructive/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62193

ABSTRACT

We presented two interesting cases of gastrocolocutaneous fistula that occurred after percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement, and its management. This fistula is a rare complication that occurs after PEG insertion, which is an epithelial connection between mucosa of the stomach, colon, and skin. The management of the fistula is controversial, ranging from conservative to surgical intervention. Endoscopists should be aware of the possibility of gastrocolocutaneous fistula after PEG insertion, and should evaluate the risk factors that may contribute to the development of gastrocolocutaneous fistula before the procedure. We reviewed complications of gastrostomy tube insertion, symptoms of gastrocolocutaneous fistula, and its risk factors.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cerebral Infarction/diagnosis , Digestive System Fistula/etiology , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Enteral Nutrition/adverse effects , Gastrostomy , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nervous System Diseases/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134995

ABSTRACT

Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is a benign condition that may be caused by prolonged inflammation, chronic infection, and/or neoplastic conditions of the mucous membranes or skin. Due to its histological resemblance to well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia may occasionally be misdiagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma. The importance of pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is that it is a self-limited condition that must be distinguished from squamous cell carcinoma before invasive treatment. We report here on a rare case of esophageal pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in a 67-year-old Korean woman with a lye-induced esophageal stricture. Although esophageal pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is infrequently encountered, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of esophageal lesions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophagoscopy , Female , Humans , Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Iodides/chemistry , Lye/toxicity
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-134994

ABSTRACT

Pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is a benign condition that may be caused by prolonged inflammation, chronic infection, and/or neoplastic conditions of the mucous membranes or skin. Due to its histological resemblance to well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia may occasionally be misdiagnosed as squamous cell carcinoma. The importance of pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is that it is a self-limited condition that must be distinguished from squamous cell carcinoma before invasive treatment. We report here on a rare case of esophageal pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia in a 67-year-old Korean woman with a lye-induced esophageal stricture. Although esophageal pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia is infrequently encountered, pseudoepitheliomatous hyperplasia should be considered in the differential diagnosis of esophageal lesions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Esophageal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Esophageal Stenosis/chemically induced , Esophagoscopy , Female , Humans , Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Iodides/chemistry , Lye/toxicity
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 442-448, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19542

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) medications represent a major advancement in the management of chronic inflammatory diseases. However, these agents are associated with increased risks of tuberculosis (TB) and other serious infections. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidences of such disease among tertiary hospitals in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied patients who received anti-TNF-alpha therapy; we reviewed serious infections including TB that developed within 6 months after initiation of anti-TNF-alpha therapy. Data concerning patient demographics, types of anti-TNF-alpha agents, concomitant immunosuppressive drugs use, and infection details were collected. RESULTS: A total 175 patients treated with infliximab (n=72) or adalimumab (n=103) with the following conditions were enrolled: Crohn's disease, 34 (19.4%); ulcerative colitis, 20 (11.4%); ankylosing spondylitis, 82 (46.9%); and rheumatoid arthritis, 39 (22.2%). There were 18 cases (6.0%) of serious infections. The most common site of serious infection was the intra-abdomen (n=6), followed by TB (n=3), skin and soft tissue (n=3), bone and joints (n=2), ocular neurons (n=2), lower respiratory tract (n=1), and urinary tract (n=1). Of the 175 patients, only 3 cases showed development of TB. Furthermore, of all those who developed TB, none had taken anti-TB chemoprophylaxis prior to treatment with an anti-TNF agent due to negative screening results. CONCLUSION: Serious infections with anti-TNF-alpha therapy were uncommon among tertiary hospitals in Korea; TB was the second most frequent infection. Nevertheless, there were no TB reactivations after anti-TB chemoprophylaxis. Accordingly, physicians should be aware of TB in subjects undergoing anti-TNF-alpha therapy, especially in countries with a high prevalence of TB.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Chemoprevention , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Demography , Humans , Incidence , Joints , Korea , Mass Screening , Methods , Necrosis , Neurons , Prevalence , Respiratory System , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Spondylitis, Ankylosing , Tertiary Care Centers , Tuberculosis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Urinary Tract
19.
Intestinal Research ; : 56-59, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112034

ABSTRACT

Schwannoma in colorectum is a rare subepithelial polyp of mesenchymal origin, which is derived from the neural sheath, and most of reported cases were removed surgically. We, herein, describe two cases of schwannoma of the cecum, which were removed by endoscopic mucosal resection. A 34-year-old man and a 62-year-old man presented with abdominal discomfort and bowel habit change. The patients were diagnosed with a subepithelial tumor in the cecum on colonoscopy and underwent endoscopic mucosal resection under a tentative impression as neuroendocrine tumor, such as carcinoid tumor. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry confirmed the colonic lesion to be a benign schwannoma.


Subject(s)
Carcinoid Tumor , Cecum , Colon , Colonoscopy , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Neurilemmoma , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Polyps
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86243

ABSTRACT

An accumulation of pigment deposits on mucosa, called melanosis or pseudomelanosis, of the small bowel is observed infrequently during endoscopic examination. We describe 6 cases of small bowel pseudomelanosis; the possible etiology of which was chronic iron intake. We observed numerous brown spots in duodenum, jejunum, and terminal ileum during upper and lower endoscopy. Interestingly, all patients have been taking oral iron for several years. Histology showed pigment depositions within macrophages of the lamina propria and a positive Prussian blue stain indicating hemosiderin deposition. Herein, we demonstrate that long term iron therapy may result in pseudomelanosis of small bowel, such as duodenum, jejunum, and ileum.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Duodenum/pathology , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Ileum/pathology , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Iron/administration & dosage , Jejunum/pathology , Macrophages/cytology , Male , Melanosis/chemically induced , Middle Aged
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