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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 25-30, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013606

ABSTRACT

Pyroptosis is the programmed death of cells accompanied by an inflammatory response and is widely involved in the development of a variety of diseases, such as infectious diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and neurodegeneration. It has been shown that cellular scorching is involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial hypertension ( PAH) in cardiovascular diseases. Patients with PAH have perivascular inflammatory infiltrates in lungs, pulmonary vasculopathy exists in an extremely inflam-matory microenvironment, and pro-inflammatory factors in cellular scorching drive pulmonary vascular remodelling in PAH patients. This article reviews the role of cellular scorch in the pathogenesis of PAH and the related research on drugs for the treatment of PAH, with the aim of providing new ideas for clinical treatment of PAH.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1422-1425, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013951

ABSTRACT

Dihydromyricetin is a dihydroflavone compound which widely exists in ampelopsis of grapevine family. It has many pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-tumor, antioxidant, regulating blood glucose, reducing blood lipid, liver protection and so on. In recent years, it has been found that dihydromyricetin has a good neuroprotective effect and can play a certain pharmacological role in a variety of neurological diseases, including Alzheimer' s disease, depression, Parkinson's disease and stroke. The purpose of this paper is to review the research on the neuroprotective effect of dihydromyricetin in the past decade.

3.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 254-260, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993803

ABSTRACT

Geriatric depression in the elderly is becoming one of the most common psychiatric disorders affecting older people's mental and physical health.However, there is currently no systematic review on animal models for geriatric depression.Therefore, this paper analyzes and summarizes the animal models commonly used in geriatric depression studies and the application of antidepressants in geriatric depression models based on relevant national and international literature of recent years, aiming to provide insights on research approaches and considerations on study methods for geriatric depression.

4.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 2-8, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992048

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of hippocampal gray matter volume and expression of candidate immune related genes in a rat model of schizophrenia established by repeated administration of dizocilpine(MK-801).Methods:Thirty SPF grade Sprague-Dawley male rats at postnatal day 28 were randomly divided into MK-801 medium-dose (0.25 mg/kg) group, MK-801 high-dose(0.50 mg/kg) group and normal saline (5 mL/kg) group according to random number table method, with 10 in each group.Rats were given continuous intraperitoneal administration according to grouping once a day for 14 days.Open field test, novel object recognition test and Y-maze test were used at postnatal day 60 to detect spontaneous activity, exploration ability, anxiety level, object recognition memory ability and spatial working memory of rats, respectively.At postnatal day 67, structural magnetic resonance imaging was used to detect the changes of hippocampal gray matter volume in rat.And at postnatal day 70, qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of candidate immune-related genes in rat hippocampus.SPSS 25.0 was used for statistical analysis, one-way ANOVA was used for comparison among multiple groups, and Tukey test was used for further pairwise comparisons.Results:(1)The behavioral results showed that there were significant differences in the total movement distance, central area activity time, novel object recognition index, and spontaneous correct alternation rate among the three groups ( F=11.15, 10.11, 13.62, 11.99, all P<0.05). The total movement distances in MK-801 medium-dose group and MK-801 high-dose group ((21.44±2.17) m, (22.87±1.96)m) were higher than that in the normal saline group ((18.70±1.88) m) (both P<0.05). The activity time of the central area in the MK-801 medium-dose group and MK-801 high-dose group((3.24±1.58) s, (2.50±1.32) s) were lower than that of the normal saline group ((6.05±2.48)s) (both P<0.01). Novel object recognition indexes in the MK-801 medium-dose group and MK-801 high-dose group((56.10±3.99)%, (54.00±6.41)%) were both lower than that in the normal saline group ((65.90±5.65)%)(both P<0.01), and the rates of spontaneous correct alternation ((54.60±7.03)%, (51.60±8.84)%) in the two groups were lower than that of the normal saline group ((68.40±8.57)%) (both P<0.01). (2) The results of structural magnetic resonance imaging showed that there were significant differences in the volume of hippocampal gray matter among the three groups ( F=9.24, P<0.001). The volumes of hippocampal gray matter in MK-801 medium-dose group and MK-801 high-dose group were lower than that in normal saline group(both P<0.001). (3)By constructing protein-protein interaction network, four candidate immune related genes were screened out: neuropeptide Y (NPY), somatostatin (SST), cholecystokinin (CCK) and tachykinin 1 (TAC1). The results showed that the mRNA expression levels of NPY, SST and CCK in the hippocampus of the three groups were significantly different ( F=11.41, 10.43, 5.85, all P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the TAC1 mRNA expression level ( F=0.08, P>0.05). The mRNA levels of NPY, SST and CCK in the hippocampus of rats in the MK-801 high-dose group were lower than those in the normal saline group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Both medium dose and high dose MK-801 administration can reduce the volume of hippocampal gray matter in schizophrenia model rats, but they have different effects on the expression of hippocampal immune related genes, of which high dose administration has a greater effect.

5.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1979-1984, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990437

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this study was to explore the perception and cognition of patients with laryngeal cancer post total laryngectomy accepted expressive writing intervention, analyze the intervention effect from the perspective of patients, and provide a basis for psychological intervention of these patients.Methods:From July to August 2021, the descriptive research method was applied to 13 patients with laryngeal cancer post total laryngectomy who had participated in the expressive writing intervention hosted in the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University, in order to understand the patients′ perception and cognition of the intervention, and the data were analyzed by using content analysis method.Results:A total of 2 themes and 9 sub themes were extracted. Theme 1: the positive feedback of expressive writing intervention: relieve related physical symptoms and improve sleep; reduce anxiety and regulate emotions effectively; reduce psychological stress and promote positive coping; reduce stigma and improve social withdrawal; make up for lost pronunciation and clear mind. Theme 2: Difficulties and challenges in the application of expressive writing intervention: physical discomfort affects the compliance of patients, poor economic status affects the enthusiasm of patients to participate, poor social and family support affects the willingness of patients to participate, and literacy and writing habits affect the completion of participation.Conclusions:The application of expressive writing intervention promotes the psychological and social functional rehabilitation of patients with laryngeal cancer post total laryngectomy and has satisfactory effects and certain feasibility. The researchers should fully consider the influencing factors of intervention and optimize the plan in the future.

6.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 785-794, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009932

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is not fully elucidated. However, it has been considered that inflammatory macrophages may be involved in the imbalance of the intestinal mucosal immunity to regulate several signaling pathways, leading to IBD progression. The ratio of M1 to M2 subtypes of activated macrophages tends to increase in the inflamed intestinal section. There are challenges in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD, such as unsatisfactory specificity of imaging findings, low drug accumulation in the intestinal lesions, unstable therapeutic efficacy, and drug-related systemic toxicity. Recently developed nanoparticles may provide a new approach for the diagnosis and treatment of IBD. Nanoparticles targeted to macrophages can be used as contrast agents to improve the imaging quality or used as a drug delivery vector to increase the therapeutic efficiency of IBD. This article reviews the research progress on macrophage-targeting nanoparticles for the diagnosis and treatment of IBD to provide a reference for further research and clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/therapy , Intestines , Macrophages/metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa/pathology , Nanoparticles
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 39-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970499

ABSTRACT

Wilt disease is a major disease of cultivated Salvia miltiorrhiza, which is caused by Fusarium oxysporum. Since the infection process of F. oxysporum in plants is affected by environment factors, this study was conducted to reveal the relationship between disease severity and concentration of the pathogen in plants in the infection process of F. oxysporum in seedlings of S. miltiorrhiza by pot experiments and to reveal the effects of temperature and humidity on the infection process. The results showed that, after inoculation of S. miltiorrhiza seedlings with F. oxysporum, the pathogen in different parts was detected at different time, and it was first detected in substrates. With the continuous propagation of the pathogen(4-5 d), it gradually infected the roots and stems of the seedlings, and the plants had yellowing leaves and withering. The number of the pathogen reached the maximum in each part after 7-8 d, and then gradually decreased in the later stage of the disease. The concentration of the pathogen in substrates, roots and stems of S. miltiorrhiza showed a trend of decreasing after increasing with the aggravation of the disease and reached the maximum in the samples of moderate morbidity, while the concentration in the samples of severe morbidity decreased. In addition, the infection of F. oxysporum in seedlings of S. miltiorrhiza was affected by temperature and humidity. The suitable temperature was 25-30 ℃ and the suitable humidity was 80%-90%. This study could provide guidance for the experiments on pathogenicity of F. oxysporum, screening of biocontrol bacteria and controlling of wilt.


Subject(s)
Seedlings/microbiology , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Temperature , Humidity , Fusarium
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 193-199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969866

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the contribution and interaction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)-DNA adducts and changes of telomere length (TL) on missed abortion. Methods: From March to December 2019, patients with missed abortion in the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University and pregnant women with normal pregnancy but voluntary abortion in the same department during the same period were selected and divided into a case group and a control group. Questionnaire was used to investigate the general situation and the pregnancy situation of the subjects. The abortion villi were collected and the content of PAH-DNA adducts and TL was detected. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the associated factors of missed abortion. R epiR package and Mediation package were used to analyze the effect and relationship between PAH-DNA adducts and TL on missed abortion. Results: The age of the subjects was(29.92±5.69)years old. The M(Q1,Q3)of PAH-DNA adducts was 453.75(404.61, 504.72) pg/ml. The M(Q1,Q3)of TL was 1.21(0.77, 1.72). The content of PAH-DNA adducts in the case group was higher than that in the control group (Z=-2.10, P=0.036), while the TL was lower than that in the control group (Z=-4.05, P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression showed that low, medium and high levels of PAH-DNA adducts (OR=3.17,95%CI:1.41-7.14;OR=2.85,95%CI:1.25-6.52;OR=2.46,95%CI:1.07-5.64), and long, medium and short levels of TL (OR=2.50,95%CI:1.11-5.63;OR=3.32,95%CI:1.45-7.56;OR=3.22,95%CI:1.42-7.26) were all risk factors for missed abortion. The medium level of PAH-DNA adducts had a 2.76-fold higher risk of shortened TL than those with the lowest level, and no mediating role of TL was found. The stratified analysis showed that when the TL level was longer (>1.21), the low and high levels of PAH-DNA adducts were associated with missed abortion (all P<0.05); when the TL level was shorter (<1.21), the medium level of PAH-DNA adducts was associated with abortion (P=0.025). At lower levels of PAH-DNA adducts, no effect of TL on missed abortion was observed, while, at higher levels, TL was strongly associated with missed abortion (OR=7.50,95%CI:1.95-28.82;OR=6.04,95%CI:1.54-23.65;OR=9.05,95%CI:2.34-35.04). The interaction analysis found that the AP was 0.72 (95%CI: 0.46-0.99), and the SI was 5.21 (95%CI: 2.30-11.77). Conclusion: The high level of PAH-DNA adducts and shortened TL may increase the risk of missed abortion, and there may be a positive additive interaction between the two factors on missed abortion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Adult , DNA Adducts , Abortion, Missed/chemically induced , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , Abortion, Spontaneous/chemically induced , Telomere/chemistry
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 38-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969705

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical effects of low- and intermediate-dose factor Ⅷ (F Ⅷ) prophylaxis in Chinese adult patients with severe hemophilia A. Methods: Thirty adult patients with severe hemophilia A who received low- (n=20) /intermediate-dose (n=10) F Ⅷ prophylaxis at Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital affiliated with Nanjing University Medical College were included in the study. The annual bleeding rate (ABR), annual joint bleeding rate (AJBR), number of target joints, functional independence score of hemophilia (FISH), quality of life score, and health status score (SF-36) before and after preventive treatment were retrospectively analyzed and compared. Results: The median follow-up was 48 months. Compared with on-demand treatment, low- and intermediate-dose prophylaxis significantly reduced ABR, AJBR, and the number of target joints (P<0.05) ; the improvement in the intermediate-dose prophylaxis group was better than that in the low-dose prophylaxis group (P<0.05). Compared with on-demand treatment, the FISH score, quality of life score, and SF-36 score significantly improved in both groups (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05) . Conclusion: In Chinese adults with severe hemophilia A, low- and intermediate-dose prophylaxis can significantly reduce bleeding frequency, delay the progression of joint lesions, and improve the quality of life of patients as compared with on-demand treatment. The improvement in clinical bleeding was better with intermediate-dose prophylaxis than low-dose prophylaxis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hemophilia A/drug therapy , Factor VIII/therapeutic use , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Hemarthrosis/prevention & control , Hemorrhage/drug therapy
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 21-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964299

ABSTRACT

Ginsenoside Rg1 is one of the most important saponins in ginseng. It has a wide range of pharmacological activities. It is considered to be a powerful neuroprotective agent. It has neuroprotective effects such as anti-neuroinflammation, anti-oxidative stress, anti-neuronal apoptosis, and enhancing memory. Rg1 shows a good application prospect in the prevention and treatment of neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, stroke, and mental diseases such as depression. This paper reviews the research on the neuroprotective mechanism of Rg1 at home and abroad in recent years, in order to provide new research ideas for the clinical treatment of nervous system diseases.

11.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 192-196, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935269

ABSTRACT

To explore the biofilm inhibitory efficacy of perifosine against Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginos) and its mechanisms. Twenty-fourwell plate was used to form biofilms at the bottom and crystal violet staining was used to determine the biofilm inhibitory effects of perifosine against P. aeruginosa, the wells without perifosine was set as control group. Glass tubes combined with crystal violet staining was used to detect the gas-liqud interface related bioiflm inhibitory effects of perifosine, the wells without perifosine was set as control group. Time-growth curved was used to detect the effects of perifosine on the bacteial planktonic cells growth of P. aeruginosa, the wells without perifosine was set as control group. The interaction model between perifosine and PqsE was assessed by molecular docking assay. The inhibitory effects of perifosine on the catalytic activity of PqsE was determined by detection the production of thiols, the wells without perifosine was set as control group. Binding affinity between perifosine and PqsE was detected by plasma surface resonance. The biofims at the bottom of the microplates and air-liquid interface were effectively inhibited by perifosine at the concentration of 4-8 μg/ml. There was no influence of perifosine on the cells growth of P. aeruginosa. The resuts of molecular docking assay indicates that perifosine could interacted with PqsE with the docking score of -10.67 kcal/mol. Perifosine could inhibit the catalytic activity of PqsE in a dose-dependent manner. The binding affinity between perifosine and PqsE was comfirmed by plasma surface resonance with KD of 6.65×10-5mol/L. Perifosine could inhibited the biofilm formation of P. aeruginosa by interacting with PqsE.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Biofilms , Molecular Docking Simulation , Phosphorylcholine/analogs & derivatives , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/metabolism , Quorum Sensing
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 228-237, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935205

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effects of Homeobox C10 (HOXC10) on biological characteristics such as migration, invasion and proliferation of glioma cancer cells and to explore the role of HOXC10 gene in glioma microenvironment. Methods: The expression level of HOXC10 in high grade glioma (glioblastoma) and low grade glioma and its effect on patient survival were analyzed by using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) database. Hoxc10-siRNA-1, HOXC10-siRNA-2 and siRNA negative control (NC) were transfected into U251 cells according to the operation instructions of HOXC10-siRNA transfection. 100 ng/ mL recombinant protein chemokine ligand 2 (reCCL2) was added into the transfection group, and was labeled as HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 groups. The expressions of HOXC10 mRNA and target protein in each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The proliferation ability of cells in each group was detected by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8) method. The migration ability of cells was detected by Transwell assay and Nick assay, and cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry. The expression of chemokines in each group was detected by multiple factors. Co-incubation assays were performed to determine the role of HOXC10 and chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) in recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2-type macrophages). Results: The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 8.51, higher than 1.00 in low grade gliomas (P<0.001) in TCGA database. The median expression level of HOXC10 in high grade gliomas was 0.83, higher than 0.00 in low grade gliomas (P=0.002) in CGGA database. The 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in TCGA database was 28.2%, lower than 78.7% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001), and the 5-year survival rate of patients with high HOXC10 expression in CGGA database was 20.3%, lower than 58.0% of those with low HOXC10 expression (P<0.001). The numbers of cell migration in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (45±3) and (69±4) respectively, lower than (159±3) in NC group (P<0.05). The cell mobility of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group at 48 hours were (15±2)% and (28±4)% respectively, lower than (80±5)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expressions of vimentin in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (141 740.00±34 024.56) and (94 655.00±5 687.97), N-cadherin were (76 810.00±14.14) and (94 254.00±701.45), β-catenin were (75 786.50±789.84) and (107 296.50±9 614.53), lower than (233 768.50±34 114.37), (237 154.50±24 715.50) and (192 449.50±24 178.10) of NC group (P<0.05). The A value of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.44±0.05) and (0.32±0.02) at 96 hours, lower than 0.92±0.12 of NC group (P<0.05). The apoptosis rates of HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10 siRNA-2 group were (10.23±1.24)% and (13.81±2.16)%, higher than (4.60±0.07)% of NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL2 in U251 cells in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (271.63±44.27) and (371.66±50.21), lower than (933.93±29.84) in NC group (P<0.05). The expression levels of CCL5 (234.81±5.95 and 232.62±5.72), CXCL10 (544.13±48.14 and 500.87±15.65) and CXCL11 (215.75±15.30 and 176.18±16.49) in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were higher than those in NC group (9.98±0.71, 470.54±18.84 and 13.55±0.73, respectively, P<0.05). The recruited numbers of CD14(+) THP1 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 groups were (159.33±1.15) and (170.67±1.15), respectively, lower than (360.00±7.81) in NC group (P<0.05), while addition of reCCL2 promoted the recruitment of CD14(+) THP1 cells (287.00±3.61 and 280.67±2.31 in HOXC10-siRNA-1+ reCCL2 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2+ reCCL2 group, respectively, P<0.05). The expressions level of M2-type macrophage-related gene TGF-β in HOXC10-siRNA-1 group and HOXC10-siRNA-2 group were (0.30±0.02) and (0.28±0.02), respectively, lower than (1.06±0.10) in NC group (P<0.05). The expressions level of M1-related gene NOS2 in HOXC10-siRNA-1 and HOXC10-siRNA-2 were (11 413.95±1 911.85) and (5 894.00±945.21), respectively, higher than (13.39±4.32) in NC group (P<0.05). Conclusions: The expression of HOXC10 in glioma is high and positively correlated with the poor prognosis of glioma patients. Knockdown of HOXC10 can inhibit the proliferation, migration and metastasis of human glioma U251 cells. HOXC10 may play an immunosuppressive role in glioma microenvironment by promoting the expression of CCL2 and recruiting and polarizing tumor-associated macrophages (M2 macrophages).


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Homeobox , Glioma/pathology , Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Tumor Microenvironment
13.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 1069-1073, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954426

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) alone or combined with western medicine has obvious clinical therapeutic effects on chronic atrophic gastritis, especially in improving symptoms and reversing lesions, based on the basic pathogenesis of chronic atrophic gastritis with deficiency in origin and excess in superficiality. The therapeutic methods include invigorating spleen, activating blood circulation and detoxification. The main mechanism is to inhibit cell proliferation, induce apoptosis, change the micro-environment, reduce the degree of inflammation, repair damaged mucosa and improve immune function.

14.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 640-649, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940970

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of methacrylic anhydride gelatin (GelMA) hydrogel loaded with silver and recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (rh-bFGF) on deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits. Methods: The experimental research method was adopted. Low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials and high-concentration GelMA materials containing different concentrations of methacrylic anhydride (MA) were prepared, after adding photoinitiator, low-concentration GelMA hydrogels, medium-concentration GelMA hydrogels, and high-concentration GelMA hydrogels were obtained, respectively. The nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed to detect the hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of the above-mentioned three concentrations of GelMA materials, and to calculate the degree of substitution according to the spectrum diagram. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of 3 types of above-mentioned GelMA hydrogels were detected by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), with 9 samples measured. According to the selected concentration of MA, ten kinds of solutions of GelMA with different concentration of silver (silver-containing GelMA) were synthesized, and the silver-containing GelMA solution of each concentration was divided into three parts, and then exposed to ultraviolet light lasting for 20, 25, and 35 s, respectively. After adding photoinitiator,the corresponding silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were obtained. The residual degradation rate of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with different photocrosslinking times was detected by collagenase degradation method at degradation of 12, 24, 36, and 48 h; and the time required for complete degradation was detected, and the sample number was 5. The inhibition zone diameter of GelMA hydrogel under above screened photocrosslinking times containing 10 concentrations of silver against Staphylococcus aureus was measured to reflect its antibacterial ability, and the sample numbers were all 5. The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with statistical significance compared with the antibacterial circle diameter of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing the lowest concentration (no silver) was considered as having antibacterial activity. The three-dimensional microstructure and pore size of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial activity and the lowest drug concentration selected were detected by FESEM, and the sample numbers were all 9. The freeze-dried alone GelMA hydrogel and the freeze-dried silver-containing GelMA hydrogel were soaked in phosphate buffer solution for 24 h, respectively, then the swelling rate of the two GelMA hydrogel were calculated and compared by weighing method, and the sample number was 5. GelMA hydrogel containing silver and rh-bFGF, namely compound hydrogel for short, was prepared according to the preliminary experiment and the above experimental results. The appearance of the composite hydrogel was observed in general, and its three-dimensional microstructure and pore size were detected by FESEM. The deep partial-thickness burn wound was made on the back of 30 rabbits (aged 4-6 months, female half and half). Meanwhile, with the rabbit head as the benchmark, the wounds on the left side of the spine were treated as composite hydrogel treatment group, and the wounds on the right side were treated as gauze control group, and which were treated accordingly. On post injury day (PID) 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28, the healing of wounds in the two groups was observed. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing area was recorded and the healing rate was calculated, with a sample number of 30. Data were statistically analyzed with analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, and independent sample t test. Results: The substitution degree among low-concentration GelMA materials, medium-concentration GelMA materials, and high-concentration GelMA materials was significantly different (F=1 628.00, P<0.01). The low-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a loose and irregular three-dimensional spatial network structure with a pore size of (60±17) μm; the medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel had a relatively uniform three-dimensional spatial network and pore size with a pore size of (45±13) μm; the high-concentration GelMA hydrogel had the dense and disordered three-dimensional spatial network with a pore size of (25±15) μm, the pore sizes of 3 types of GelMA hydrogels were significantly differences (F=12.20, P<0.01), and medium concentration of MA was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The degradability of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with different concentrations of the same photocrosslinking time was basically same. The degradation residual rates of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with 20, 25, and 35 s crosslinking time at 12 h were (74.2±1.7)%, (85.3±0.9)%, and (93.2±1.2)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 24 h were (58.3±2.1)%, (65.2±1.8)%, and (81.4±2.6)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 36 h were (22.4±1.9)%, (45.2±1.7)%, and (68.1±1.4)%, respectively; the residual rates of degradation at 48 h were (8.2±1.7)%, (32.4±1.3)%, and (54.3±2.2)%, respectively, and 20, 25, and 30 s photocrosslinking time required for complete degradation of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels were (50.2±2.4), (62.4±1.4), and (72.2±3.2) h, and the difference was statistically significant (F=182.40, P<0.01), 25 s were selected as the subsequent photocrosslinking time. The antibacterial diameters of 10 types of silver-containing GelMA hydrogels against Staphylococcus aureus from low to high concentrations were (2.6±0.4), (2.5±0.4), (3.2±0.4), (12.1±0.7), (14.8±0.7), (15.1±0.5), (16.2±0.6), (16.7±0.5), (16.7±0.4), and (16.7±0.6) mm, respectively, and which basically showed a concentration-dependent increasing trend, and the overall difference was statistically significant (F=428.70, P<0.01). Compared with the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the lowest concentration, the antibacterial circle diameters of other silver-containing GelMA hydrogels with antibacterial ability from low to high concentration were significantly increased (with t values of 26.35, 33.84, 43.65, 42.17, 49.24, 55.74, and 43.72, respectively, P<0.01). The silver-containing GelMA hydrogel with the antibacterial diameter of (12.1±0.7) mm had the lowest antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and the lowest drug loading concentration, and the concentration of silver was selected for the concentration of subsequent materials. The microscopic morphology of the silver-containing GelMA hydrogel containing silver element with a pore size of (45±13) μm had a regular and linear strip-like structure. After soaking for 24 h, the swelling ratio of silver-containing GelMA hydrogel was similar to that of alone GelMA hydrogel. The composite hydrogel was colorless, clear and transparent, and its three-dimensional microstructure was a regular and uniform grid, with a filament network structure inside, and the pore size of (40±21) μm. On PID 3, a large amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group were observed, and scattered scabs, a small amount of necrotic tissue and exudate of rabbit wound in gauze control group were observed. On PID 7, the area of rabbit wound in composite hydrogel group was significantly reduced, and adhesion of rabbit wound and gauze in gauze control group was observed. On PID 14, In composite hydrogel group, the rabbit wound surface was ruddy, and the growth of granulation tissue was observed, and in gauze control group, the rabbit wound base was pale, and the blood supply was poor. On PID 21, the rabbit wounds in composite hydrogel group healed completely, and rabbit wound in gauze control group had healing trend. On PID 28, new hair could be seen on rabbit wound surface in composite hydrogel group; oval wound of rabbit in gauze control group still remained. On PID 7, 14, 21, and 28, the wound healing areas of rabbit in composite hydrogel group were significantly larger than those in gauze control group (with t values of 2.24, 4.43, 7.67, and 7.69, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions: The medium-concentration GelMA hydrogel has good physical and chemical properties in terms of swelling and degradability. The screened silver-containing GelMA hydrogels had the lowest antibacterial activity and the lowest drug loading concentration. Composite hydrogel can significantly shorten the healing time of deep partial-thickness burn wounds in rabbits.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Rabbits , Anhydrides , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Burns/drug therapy , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Gelatin/pharmacology , Hydrogels/pharmacology , Recombinant Proteins , Staphylococcal Infections , Staphylococcus aureus
15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 235-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931929

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the expression levels of candidate genes before and after Shuganjieyu capsule treatment, to analyze their correlation with depression symptoms and cognitive function, and to find and clarify the biomarkers related to the efficacy of Shuganjieyu capsule.Methods:Among 27 patients with mild to moderate depression (MMD), 24 items Hamilton depression rating scale (HAMD-24) was used to assess the severity of depression, Chinese revised Wechsler adult intelligence scale(WAIS-RC) and Chinese revised Wechsler memory scale(WMS) were used to assess cognitive function, and qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression levels of candidate genes in peripheral blood of patients with depression before and after treatment with Shuganjieyu capsule.SPSS 25.0 software was used for statistical analysis, paired t-test, non-parametric test, Spearman correlation analysis and receiver operating characteristic curve were used for data statistics. Results:The symptoms of MMD patients were relieved after Shuganjieyu capsule treatment(HAMD scores: baseline 14.00(9.75, 18.25), 8-week 4.00(2.00, 7.25), Z=-4.462, P<0.01), and the verbal intelligence quotient(VIQ) of WMS was puomoved (VIQ scores: baseline (123.00±10.24), 8-week (128.00±6.77), t=4.372, P<0.01). The level of gene expression brain derived neurotrophic factor(BDNF) (baseline 1.68(0.92, 2.63), 8-week 2.30(1.47, 4.34), Z=-2.781, P=0.005), glial cell derived neurotrophic factor(GDNF) (baseline 0.74(0.31, 1.15), 8-week 0.97(0.50, 1.71), Z=-2.159, P=0.031), 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 2A(HTR2A) (baseline 0.60(0.39, 1.60), 8-week 0.98(0.44, 2.29), Z=-1.994, P=0.046) and glutamate ionotropic receptor AMPA type subunit 1(GRIA1) (baseline 1.19(0.66, 2.40), 8-week 1.76(0.86, 4.13), Z=-2.756, P=0.006) was up-regulated after treatment.The change rate of BDNF expression were correlated with the score of HAMD-24 ( r=-0.35, P=0.038) and performance intelligence quotient of WMS ( r=0.40, P=0.022). Conclusions:BDNF may be used as a therapeutic marker of Shuganjieyu capsule in the treatment of clinical symptoms and cognitive function of MMD patients, which is used to evaluate the efficacy of antidepressants.

16.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 659-664, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960461

ABSTRACT

Background The incidence rate of missed abortion is increasing year by year, but the etiology has not been fully elucidated. Adverse pregnancy history and exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) may increase the risk of missed abortion. Objective To investigate the interaction between adverse pregnancy history and PAHs exposure on missed abortion in early pregnancy, and to provide evidence for the etiologic research of missed abortion. Methods A total of 114 pregnant women diagnosed with missed abortion in the Department of Obstetrics of the First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from March to December 2019 were selected as the case group, and 139 pregnant women who visited the same hospital for voluntary induced abortion in the same period as the control group, to collect basic information and medical information of abortion, stillbirth, intrauterine growth retardation, and other adverse pregnancy history. Abortion villus tissues were collected to detect PAH-DNA adducts levels, stratified by pregnancy and adverse pregnancy history and grouped by quartile method: Q1 (< 404.61 ng·L−1), Q2 (404.61−453.75 ng·L−1), Q3 (453.76−506.72 ng·L−1), and Q4 (≥506.73 ng·L−1). SPSS 25.0 statistical software was used for χ2 test and multiple logistic regression, and additive and multiplicative models were used to investigate the interaction between adverse pregnancy history and PAH-DNA adducts level on missed abortion. The PAH-DNA adducts were grouped by tertiles and quartiles, and P33, P50, P67 and P75 were used as data cut points for sensitivity analysis. Results The proportion of adverse pregnancy history in the case group (32.46%) was higher than that in the control group (12.23%) (P < 0.001). Among 160 subjects with≥2 pregnancies, the proportion of adverse pregnancy history in the case group (57.81%) was higher than that in the control group (17.71%) (P < 0.001). The results of χ2 test stratified by pregnancy for different PAH-DNA adducts levels between the two groups showed that the PAH-DNA adducts level was associated with missed abortion in subjects with≥2 pregnancies (χ2=10.14, P=0.017). Being further stratified by adverse pregnancy history, the PAH-DNA adducts level in subjects with no adverse pregnancy history was associated with missed abortion (χ2=9.70, P=0.021). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that adverse pregnancy history (OR=5.88, 95%CI: 2.79−12.39) and PAH-DNA adducts (OR=3.01, 95%CI: 1.22−7.40) increased the risk of missed abortion, but no interaction between them was found. The relative excess risk of interaction (RERI), the attributable percentage of interaction (AP), and the synergy index (SI) and its 95%CI were 0.60 (95%CI: −0.58−1.77), 0.74 (95%CI: −0.83−2.30), and 0.20 (95%CI: 0.01−5.43), respectively. Conclusions Adverse pregnancy history and PAH-DNA adducts in pregnant women may increase the risk of missed abortion. The effect of the interaction between them on the occurrence of missed abortion is not supported by the current study.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1485-1489, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940008

ABSTRACT

Müller glial cells(MGCs)are the major type of glial cells in the retina which radiating across the entire retina. MGCs make a close contact with retinal neurons, interact, and contribute to retinal homeostasis. After retinal nerve injury, MGCs respond to retinal injury in a variety of regulatory ways to protect the inner retinal environment changes and damage, producing retinal neuroprotective effects, such as regulating neurotransmitters release, releasing neuroprotective factors and antioxidant factors and reprogramming for endogenous repair. However, persistent pathological stimulation in retina can also exacerbate MGCs' proliferation which participate in neuronal dysfunction or loss. Therefore, a proper understanding of the response of MGCs to pathological stimuli and their protective and damaging effects will have a great impact on revealing mechanisms of retinal nerve damage disease and guiding the treatment of the disease. This article reviews the role of MGCs in retinal nerve injury and repair and provides new strategies for retinal neuroprotection.

18.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2001-2005, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936979

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To eval uate the cost-util ity of regimen containing bortezomib in the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma in China. METHODS From the perspective of China ’s health system ,Markov model was constructed based on SWOG S 0777 clinical trial. The simulation time limit was 10 years,and the cycle was set with reference to the treatment cycle. Taking quality adjusted life years (QALYs)as the utility index ,the utility and cost were discounted at a discount rate of 5%;the willingness to pay (WTP)threshold was set to be 3 times of China ’s per capita gross domestic product (GDP)in 2021(242 928 yuan/QALY). The incremental cost-utility ratio (ICER)of dexamethasone combined with bortezomib and lenalidomide (VRD) versus dexamethasone combined with lenalidomide (RD)were compared with cost-utility analysis. The sensitivity analysis was performed for the uncertainty of the model. RESULTS Results of baseline analysis showed that VRD regimen could obtain 0.65 more QALYs than RD scheme ,but its treatment cost was 135 782.77 yuan more than RD regimen ,ICER was 206 623.35 yuan/ QALY,which was lower than the WTP threshold set in this study ,VRD regimen was cost-effective. Single factor sensitivity analysis showed that the health utility value in progressive free survival had the greatest impact on the results ,the decrease of utility value would make the ICER higher than the WTP threshold ,and VRD regimen would no longer have advantages. Under the WTP threshold of 3 times of China ’s per capita GDP in 2021,the probability of VRD regimen being cost-effective was 86.5%; with the increase of WTP threshold ,the possibility of VRD regimen becoming more cost-effective than RD regimen would increase. CONCLUSIONS Under the WTP threshold of 3 times of China ’s per capita GDP in 2021,compared with RD regimen,VRD regimen is cost-effective in the treatment of newly diagnosed multiple myelo ma in China.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 897-901, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014455

ABSTRACT

Lupeol is a kind of triterpenoid widely found in a variety of Chinese herbal medicines and food-derived plants. It has multiple pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and promoting skin healing. Recent studies have found that lupeol has anti-tumor effects on liver cancer, lung cancer, esophageal cancer and other tumor cells. The mechanisms of action are mainly by inhibiting tumor cell proliferation, inducing tumor cell apoptosis, and suppressing tumor cell invasion and metastasis. In this review, the anti-tumor research progress, pharmacological activities and molecular mechanisms of lupeol both in vitro and in vivo are reviewed and summarized to provide a theoretical basis for lupeol as a potential anti-tumor drug, and provide references for its anti-tumor mechanism.

20.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1429-1434, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the utilization of clinical services provided through hospital-at-home to the elderly in Xuzhou City, and analyze patient satisfaction.Methods:The stratified cluster sampling method was used to select community elderly people aged 60 and above in Xuzhou city to conduct a face-to-face questionnaire survey.Descriptive analysis was used to examine the utilization and evaluation of home-based clinical services for the elderly.Multiple linear regression analysis was used to analyze associated factors for the satisfaction of the elderly in this care setting.Results:A total of 203 elderly people who had received this type of services were investigated.The overall satisfaction of the elderly in Xuzhou City with home-based clinical services was 79.3%(161/203), and the average satisfaction score of the comprehensive evaluation was(4.11±1.03)points.Age( β=-0.011), marital status( β=0.164), informed consent for service( β=0.162), doctors' bed-side services( β=0.146), service fee( β=0.346), and the home hospital bed assembling process( β=0.257)were the influencing factors for satisfaction with family hospital bed services, according to the patients involved in the comprehensive evaluation(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The utilization and evaluation with clinical services by elderly people in the hospital-at-home setting in downtown Xuzhou is relatively good, with relatively high satisfaction.Comprehensive measures should be taken in response to factors related to satisfaction to promote sustainable development of clinical services through hospital-at-home in China.

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