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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912549

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the scientific research management response strategies and practices of designated hospitals under the prevention and control of new coronary pneumonia, provide reference for the scientific and technological management of public health emergencies in domestic hospitals.Methods:Take the hospital scientific research management response under the prevention and control of the new coronavirus pneumonia epidemic in 2020 as an example, discuss and summarize the response strategies and mechanism establishment, work practice and existing problems of designated hospitals in the research management of prevention and control of public health emergencies represented by COVID-19 from the aspects of management system, resource integration, project operation, and scientific and technological service.Results:As a designated hospital of COVID-19 in Beijing, Youan hospital has actively carried out scientific and technological research on epidemic prevention and control while successfully completing patient treatment, established a scientific and efficient scientific and technological research management system, and integrated resources to form an efficient project operation mechanism, Providing a full range of scientific management services, providing policy and material guarantee for the rapid and high-quality completion of scientific and technological research on epidemic prevention and control.Conclusions:The scientific and technological research on public health emergencies has the characteristics of demand-driven, focused on key points, collaborative research, scientific decision-making, In order to carry out the research work smoothly, it is particularly important to form a benign interaction, straighten out the system, do a good job in long-term planning and layout, and establish a scientific and efficient research and management mechanism.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810543

ABSTRACT

In this study, 1 065 infants and young children aged 24 months below in ethnic minorities gathering in poor rural areas in poor rural areas of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province and Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Gansu Province were investigated for their anemia status from October to November 2014, and the association between anemia and the utilization of maternal and child health services was analyzed. The prevalence of anemia in this area was 52.68%(561/1 065). After the adjustment of socio-demographic characteristics of mothers and infants, compared with infants aged 2-5 months, Han ethnic group, and infants whose mother was not anemic, the OR(95%CI) values of infant anemia for infants aged 6-12 months, 13-8 months, 19-24 months, ethnic minorities group, and infants whose mother was anemic were 11.65 (7.09-19.14), 9.91 (5.99-16.38), 5.87 (3.39-10.16), 1.55 (1.10-2.18) and 1.52 (1.14-2.04), respectively; Compared with infants whose child examination times not up to standard, and who were not only non-hospital delivered but also received inadequate number of inoculation, the OR (95%CI) values of infant anemia for infants whose child examination times up to standard, and who were not only hospital delivered but also received adequate number of inoculation were 0.60 (0.38-0.94) and 0.71 (0.52-0.98), respectively. The infants anemia is associated with the utilization of maternal and child health services.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665316

ABSTRACT

With the rising detection rate of strains with extensive drug resistance clinically, there is an increasingly urgent need of novel anti-microbial agents. More and more researchers put emphasis on bacteriophage therapy and have made great progress in this field. A large number of studies showed that some bacteriophages could produce enzymes which killed the host bacteria by degrading polysaccharides in their extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). This review introduces the classification of phage polysaccharide depolymerases and their action mode, the methods to determine whether the phage produces depolymerases, and their applications in anti-bacterial treatment, biofilm degradation and bacterial capsule typing.

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