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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828451


The quality marker(Q-marker) of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) is a new concept of TCM quality control proposed in recent years. It is a hot issue in the research of modern Chinese medicine. The TCM efficacy is a high-level summary of the TCM therapeutic effect under the guidance of TCM theory. On this basis, it is of considerable significance to explore the TCM efficacy marker for the TCM modernization. However, the traditional research strategy based on the single herb and decoction piece in macro TCM level, or the drug research strategy based on the biological effect of the targets, is quite different from the characteristics of multiple components of TCM, as well as the weak and low-selective effect of Chinese medicine ingredients on targets. Therefore, how to select representative ingredients to characterize the TCM overall efficacy is a problematic point in establishing TCM efficacy markers. In this paper, the concept and method of Q-marker were introduced into the study of Chinese medicine efficacy. The research method for systematic TCM was used to systematically discuss the connotation of TCM efficacy markers, the principles of discovery and determination, common research ideas and techniques by taking the representative research results as an example. This study provides new ideas for the research and discovery of TCM efficacy markers.

Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control , Research Design
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828448


Astragali Radix is the elixir for invigorating Qi, with the effects of invigorating Qi, promoting Yang and nourishing the body. With the deepening researches on the chemical constituents of Astragali Radix, it is used more extensively in clinical application. Based on systematic traditional Chinese medicine theory, in this paper, we characterized the effect of Astragali Radix on invigo-rating Qi from the molecular level, and explored the markers of Astragali Radix on invigorating Qi. Through TCMSP and ChEMBL databases, the active components-targets database of Astragali Radix was constructed to clarify the targets(elements) involved in Astragali Radix's Qi invigorating efficacy system. According to the relationship between the targets, the protein interaction network was constructed, and the network modules(structure) were divided according to the theoretic clustering algorithm molecular complex detection(MCODE), and the boundary of the Qi invigorating efficacy system was defined by the pharmacological function of Astragali Radix. The active components of Astragali Radix for invigorating Qi were characterized from the aspects of composition, target and efficacy. The results showed that eight key components of Astragali Radix, such as hederagenin, quercetin, calycosin, formononetin, jaranol, isorhamnetin, astragalosideⅢ, and 9,10-dimethoxypterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glucoside, could act on eight functional modules composed of 17 key targets, and participate in G-protein coupled receptor protein signaling pathway, regulation of lipid metabolic process, positive regulation of nitrogen compound metabolic process, positive regulation of programmed cell death, fatty acid metabolic process and other biological processes to produce pharmacological effects such as regulating immune function, strengthening heart, protecting myocardial cells, improving material metabolism, and antioxidation effects, thus playing the role of invigorating Qi. Based on the systematic Chinese medicine theory, this study explored the effective markers of Astragali Radix at the level of molecular network, which provided new ideas for the interpretation of the effective substance basis of systematic traditional Chinese medicine and the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine. In the future, it can focus on the compatibility research of these components, and then carry out more in-depth studies on the efficacy of Astragali Radix in invigorating Qi, and strengthen the development of the corresponding pharmacological mechanism and related preparations.

Astragalus Plant , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots , Qi
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828447


Lonicerae Japonicae Flos has a long history of heat-clearing and detoxifying effect. The description of its efficacy in Chinese Pharmacopoeia of past dynasties is relatively stable, and it is an excellent carrier for the study of efficacy markers. Guided by the theory of systematic traditional Chinese medicine, heat-clearing and detoxifying effect efficacy system of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos was taken as an example in this study to clarify the elements(active ingredients) of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying efficacy system, determine the boundary(signal pathway), establish the structure(system dynamics model), identify the system functions corresponding to pharmacology, efficacy and effects(heat-clearing and detoxifying effect), and explore the application of system dynamics model in the discovery of efficacy markers of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the dynamic models of interleukin 1(IL-1) and interleukin 6(IL-6) in vivo were established to predict the expression of related factors in IL-1 and IL-6 signaling pathways of different components and their combinations in Lonicerae Japonicae Flos by dynamic network, so as to find the effective markers of heat-clearing and detoxification of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos. The results showed that the lower the concentration of chlorogenic acid, the higher the inhibition rate of Jun N-terminal kinase(JNK) at downstream of IL-1 by the combination of chlorogenic acid and linalool; the higher the concentration of luteolin in IL-6 pathway, the higher the inhibition rate of C-reactive protein(CRP) at downstream of IL-6 by the combination of chlorogenic acid and luteolin. It revealed that the potential efficacy markers of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying effect based on IL-1 signaling pathway were chlorogenic acid and linalool, and the potential efficacy markers of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos in heat-clearing and detoxifying effect based on IL-6 signaling pathway were chlorogenic acid and luteolin. This study provided methodological guidance for the discovery of efficacy markers of traditional Chinese medicine.

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hot Temperature , Lonicera , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1206-1214, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304584


The aim of this research is to find an effective cardiomyocyte-induced method derived from porcine amniotic fluid stem cells (pAFS). For cardiac differentiation, the cells were formed embryoid bodies (EBs) firstly, then cultured in induced-medium including 5-azacytidine (5-aza) and vitamin C (Vc). We detected the specific markers of cardiomyocyte by immunocytochemistry, RT-PCR and transmission electron microscope. The results showed that some embryoid bodies beat rhythmically after 10 days of induction. Furthermore, analysis of t test revealed that the percentage of beating cardiomyocyte-like cell clusters was highest (33%) when induction using 0.1 mmol/L Vc and 5 micromol/L 5-aza. Immunocytochemistry analysis demonstrated that cardiomyocyte-like cell clusters expressed alpha-actin, Tnni3. RT-PCR analysis also illustrated that TbX5, Gata4, alpha-MHC and Tnni3 were expressed positive in cardiomyocyte-like cell clusters. Especially, we observed basic structures of myocardium, such as myofilament, glycogen granule and so on by transmission electron microscope. In conclusion, 5-azacytidine and vitamin C could promote differentiation of pAFS into myocardium.

Amniotic Fluid , Cell Biology , Animals , Ascorbic Acid , Pharmacology , Azacitidine , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Embryoid Bodies , Embryonic Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Female , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Swine