Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 33
Filter
Add filters








Type of study
Year range
1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1334-1339, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888562

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between plasma sST2/Reg3α levels and acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) in children after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 29 pediatric patients received allo-HSCT treatment in Department of Hematology and Oncology of Wuhan Children's Hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 were collected. Peripheral blood samples were collected at 14 and 28 day after allo-HSCT. The plasma concentrations of sST2 and Reg3α were detected by Luminex assay.@*RESULTS@#Among 29 patients there were 15 males and 14 females with a median age of 53 (29-117) months. After allo-HSCT, 18 patients developed grade 0-I aGVHD; while 11 patients developed grade II-IV aGVHD. These included skin aGVHD in 6 cases, gastrointestinal aGVHD (GI-aGVHD) in 3 cases and gastrointestinal/skin aGVHD in 5 cases. Plasma sST2 level in II-IV aGVHD group showed significantly higher than that in 0-I aGVHD group at 28 days after allo-HSCT [101.81 (73.94-150.77) ng/ml vs 48.97 (28.82-56.69) ng/ml, P=0.021]. Also, the plasma sST2 level was significantly higher in GI-aGVHD group than that in no-aGVHD group at 28 days after allo-HSCT [118.74 (87.00-243.36) ng/ml vs 48.97 (23.55-61.40) ng/ml, P=0.004]. Plasma sST2 level ≥65.34 ng/ml at 28 days after allo-HSCT showed a sensitivity of 85.7% and a specificity of 87.5% in predicting II-IV aGVHD. And the patients with a plasma sST2 level ≥65.34 ng/ml showed a significantly higher incidence of II-IV aGVHD than those with plasma sST2 level of < 65.34 ng/ml after allo-HSCT (P=0.021). There was no significant difference in plasma Reg3α level between the patients with II-IV aGVHD and the non-aGVHD ones.@*CONCLUSION@#The increasing plasma sST2 level after allo-HSCT in children indicates the development of II-IV aGVHD, so sST2 is promising as a biomarker for predicting II-IV aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Gastrointestinal Tract , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Incidence , Male , Plasma
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872797

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the efficacy of Wenfei Jianpi decoction on moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis (AR) with Lung Qi deficiency and cold syndrome and its effect on substance P (SP) in nasal secretions and peripheral blood proinflammatory factors. Method::One hundred and sixty-six patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group by random number table. Patients in control group got budesonide nasal spray, 2 times/days, and cetirizine hydrochloride tablets, 10 mg/days. And patients in observation group got Wenfei Jianpi decoction for oral, 1 dose/day. A course of treatment was 8 weeks. Before and after treatment, nasal obstruction, itching, sneezing, runny nose, itchy eyes, tears and nasal sign were scored, nasal airway resistance was detected, and rhinoconjunctivits quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ) were scored. Before and after treatment, levels of SP immunoglobulin E (IgE) in peripheral blood, interleukin-4 (IL-4), interleukin-5 (IL-5), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected, and eosinophil (EOS) were calculated. Result::By rank sum test, the clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.073, P<0.05). Before and after treatment, scores of total score of nasal symptoms, ocular symptoms and subjective symptoms and nasal sign score were all lower than those in control group (P<0.05). Except sleep and emotion, scores of other dimensions and the total scores of RQLQ were all lower than those in control group (P<0.05). EOS in observation group was less than that in control group (P<0.05). And nasal resistance declined in observation group (P<0.05), and levels of IgE, SP, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, TNF-α and nasal resistance were lower than those in control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::Wenfei Jianpi decoction can be used to treat moderate to severe persistent allergic rhinitis by relieving subjective symptoms and signs, improving quality of life, inhibiting inflammatory factors and reducing allergic reaction.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the allelopathic effects of water extracts from rhizosphere soil of three medicinal plants Rehmannia glutinosa,Pinellia ternata and Isatis indigotica on seed germination and seedling growth of Polygala tenuifolia, screen the stubble varieties suitable for crop rotation with P. tenuifolia, and provide some scientific basis for continuous cropping obstacles of P. tenuifolia. Method:The bioassay method was used to study the effects of rhizosphere soil water extracts from three medicinal plants Rehmannia glutinosa,Pinellia ternata and Isatis indigotica at concentrations of 0.3,0.6,0.9 g·mL-1 on the germination of P. tenuifolia seed and seedling growth. Result:The rhizosphere soil water extracts of Rehmannia glutinosa and Pinellia ternata showed basically low-promotion and high-inhibition concentration effects on the final germination rate,germination potential,and germination index of P. tenuifolia seeds,while the water extract of Isatis indigotica showed significant allelopathic inhibition effect. All three rhizosphere soil water extracts showed significant allelopathic inhibition effects on the growth index of P. tenuifolia seedlings. Among them,the rhizosphere soil water extract of Rehmannia glutinosa showed lower inhibitory effect on the plant height and root length of P. tenuifolia seedlings than the other two water extracts. The photosynthetic pigment content,proline(Pro) content,and soluble sugar content of P. tenuifolia chinensis seedlings were the highest under 0.3 g·mL-1 soil water extract of Rehmannia glutinosa, with relatively higher content of soluble protein, and relatively lower content of hydrogen oxide(H2O2). Under the treatment of 0.9 g·mL-1 soil water extract of Rehmannia glutinosa,P. tenuifolia seedlings had the highest peroxidase(POD) and superoxide dismutase(SOD) activities,low catalase(CAT) activity,and lowest content of malondialdehyde(MDA). Conclusion:Based on the comprehensive analysis of the above experimental data and allelopathic effects,the water extract of rhizosphere of Rehmannia glutinosa can promote the germination of P. tenuifolia seeds to a certain extent,and lay the foundation for seedling resistance to biochemical stress. Therefore, Rehmannia glutinosa is more suitable for crop rotation with P. tenuifolia.

4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1837-1841, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879980

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the possible risk factors of death in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) after treatment.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 31 children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia and dead after treatment in the Hematology Oncology Department of Wuhan children's Hospital from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate factor analysis and multivariate Cox regression analysis were used to analyze the each indexes of ALL children, and the possible risk factors causes of death in ALL children after treatment were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 230 newly diagnosed ALL children, 31 (13.4%) cases were dead. Among them, there were 12 male and 19 female. The mortality rates were 9%(12/133) for male and 19.5%(19/97) for female, which showed a significantly difference(P=0.02); among the dead ALL children, 6 were less than 1 year old, 23 were 1-10 years old, and 2 was more than 10 years old. The mortality rates in different age groups were 46.1 % (6/13), 11.7%(23/195) and 9%(2/22), respectively, which showed a significantly difference(P=0.00); the mortality rates of the ALL children in standard risk group, medium risk group and high risk group were 6.7% (4/59), 11.9% (13/10@*CONCLUSION@#The female, less than 1 year old at initial diagnosis, high risk ALL, WBC>50×10


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Death , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1083-1086, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755256

ABSTRACT

A case report of periprosthetic hip clostridium perfringens infection 13 years after total hip arthroplasty, the pa?tient had hip pain with fever for one week. Physical examination and imaging examination confirmed the periprosthetic joint infec?tion. The pathogenic bacterium was clostridium perfringens according to bacterial culture, and the pathogenic bacterium of clos?tridium perfringens was suspected relating to the gallbladder disease in this patient. Considering such periprosthetic joint infection was early stage hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection, treatment of debridement, retention of the prosthesis, irrigating, and in?dwelling drainage tube were conducted. By reviewing literature about periprosthetic clostridium perfringens infection, only seven reports of periprosthetic joint infection were caused by clostridium perfringens, which were all case reports. From the previous case reports and our case, we found that the infection around the prosthesis caused by clostridium perfringens was limited to the ar?ea around the joint, and prognosis of such cases may not be as severe as the natural gas gangrene which developed very rapidly, but great attention should be paid to. The hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection caused by clostridium perfringens who had gastrointestinal symptoms in the early stage should be highly suspicious of gallbladder lesions and thorough debridement, retention of the prosthesis, irrigating and indwelling drainage tube maybe a treatment method.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1083-1086, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802881

ABSTRACT

A case report of periprosthetic hip clostridium perfringens infection 13 years after total hip arthroplasty, the patient had hip pain with fever for one week. Physical examination and imaging examination confirmed the periprosthetic joint infection. The pathogenic bacterium was clostridium perfringens according to bacterial culture, and the pathogenic bacterium of clostridium perfringens was suspected relating to the gallbladder disease in this patient. Considering such periprosthetic joint infection was early stage hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection, treatment of debridement, retention of the prosthesis, irrigating, and indwelling drainage tube were conducted. By reviewing literature about periprosthetic clostridium perfringens infection, only seven reports of periprosthetic joint infection were caused by clostridium perfringens, which were all case reports. From the previous case reports and our case, we found that the infection around the prosthesis caused by clostridium perfringens was limited to the area around the joint, and prognosis of such cases may not be as severe as the natural gas gangrene which developed very rapidly, but great attention should be paid to. The hematogenous periprosthetic joint infection caused by clostridium perfringens who had gastrointestinal symptoms in the early stage should be highly suspicious of gallbladder lesions and thorough debridement, retention of the prosthesis, irrigating and indwelling drainage tube maybe a treatment method.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-743772

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF-κB) -matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) signaling pathway in delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP). Methods 150 male SD rats were randomly assigned to air control group (AC group) , CO poisoning group (CO group) , pyrrolidine thiocarbamate (PDTC) + CO poisoning group (PC group). DEACMP model was reconstructed by modified intraperitoneal injections. The 1, 3, 7, 14, and 21 d after intraperitoneal injection were observed here by different approaches. Morris water maze test was used to test the learning and memory ability of rats.HE staining was used to observe the morphology of hippocampal CA3 cells. Immunofluorescence and Western Blot methods were used to detect the expression of NF-κB and MMP-9. RT-PCR was used to measure the expression of MMP-9 mRN A. Transmission electron microscopy was used to observe the ultrastructure of synapses. Results After14 days, the average intubation period of CO group was longer than that of AC group (P < 0.05) , and that of PC group was shorter than that of CO group (P < 0.05). However, average intubation period of PC group was longer than that of AC group (P< 0.05). In CO group, the expression of NF-κB in hippocampus increased (day 1). At day 3, the expression of NF-κB rapidly increased. The expression of MMP-9 gene and protein increased in the first three days and then decreased thereafter. The expression of NF-κB and MMP-9 in PC group was lower than that in CO group (P < 0.05) , while it was higher than AC group (P < 0.05). The peak value of apoptosis in CO group was delayed to 7-14 d after exposure, the apoptotic cells in PC group decreased significantly, and it was obvious on the 14 th day.Electron microscopy showed that the damage of synapses ultrastructure in CO group was significantly heavier than that in PC group on the 14 th day. Conclusions NF-κB-MMP-9 signal pathway leads to DEACMP, and PDTC could alleviate the impairment of learning and memory ability in rats with acute CO poisoning.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687247

ABSTRACT

To compare the intestinal absorption of Wuzhuyu decoction(WZYD) between normal rats and migraine model rats, and investigate the optimized WZYD from aspect of absorption. The rat single pass intestinal perfusion test(SPIP) was adopted for optimized sample and un-optimized sample in normal and migraine model rats induced by nitroglycerin and reserpine. The contents of 8 ingredients were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), and 4 absorption parameters for each ingredient were calculated and compared: unit area absorption(Mper area), absorption rate constant(Ka), apparent coefficient(Papp) and relative absorption rate(RA). The results showed that there was a great difference between normal rats and model rats in the intestinal absorption of the same WZYD. As compared with normal rats, the absorption parameters of most ingredients in optimized sample were increased in migraine model rats induced by nitroglycerin; Similar phenomena were also found in migraine model rats induced by reserpine. However, the absorption parameters of most ingredients were decreased in un-optimized sample. Therefore, pathological model rats shall be used for effective ingredient recognition based on the correlation between intestinal absorption spectra and pharmacological effects. As compared with the un-optimized samples, the absorption of effective ingredients was faster, easier and more adequate in the optimized samples, revealing their mechanism on better efficacy from the aspect of absorption.

9.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 949-952, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702850

ABSTRACT

Toll like receptor ( TLRs) is a highly conserved transmembrane protein expressed in epithelial cells and immune cells,which is a kind of important receptor to identify the damage associated molecular patterns (DAMPs). TLRs and DAMP produced by tumor cells after chemotherapy combine to produce the corresponding biological effects via MyD88 dependent and independent path-ways. At present,the research application of TLRs identifying DAMP clinically is mainly focused on promoting the release of the DAMP and enhancing the expression of TLRs to strengthen the immune effect of chemotherapy drugs.

10.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 204-209, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702701

ABSTRACT

Objective:Preliminary study on rats with delayed encephalopathy after acute carbon monoxide poisoning (DEACMP) model intervention agent tBHQ before and after the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2(Nrf2) and its downstream target genes of heme oxygenase 1(HO-1) change in hippocampus associated,in order to further study the pathogenesis of DEACMP,at the same time for the targeted therapy of provide a certain experimental basis.Methods: One hundred and twenty rats were randomly divided into carbon monoxide poisoning group(CO group),air control group(AC group),carbon monoxide+3% ethanol group(EC group),carbon monoxide+tBHQ group(group TC),then the rats in exposure after 1 d,3 d,7 d,14 d,21 d,28 d,with the machine was divided into 6 sub groups,followed by the Morris water maze test to observe the behavior of rats,immunohistochemistry and protein Western blot method of chemical(Western blot) detecting expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 mploying intervention agent tBHQ before and after,and then TUNEL staining was detected cell apoptosis.Results: CO group,EC group,TC group Nrf2 in hippocampus of rats and the expression of HO-1 were increased in the first day and reach a peak at the third day,then gradually decreased,and at each time point in AC group were statistically significant,TC group and CO group Nrf2 and HO-1 were increased in each sub group and the deffirences were statistically meaning.Comparison apoptotic cells in CO group,EC group,TC group with AC group rats increased significantly over time,and showed higher peak(7-14 d)-decreased.TC group compared with CO group,the apoptotic cells(7-14 d) decreased,the difference was statistically significant.Conclusion: The Nrf2/ARE/HO-1 pathway plays an important role in the development of DEACMP,and the tBHQ specific activation of the Nrf2 pathway achieves early protection and is expected to reduce or mitigate DEACMP.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515282

ABSTRACT

Based on the constructivism learning theory, we designed a new pharmaceutics of TCM experiment teaching course which focused on process of knowledge formation, including a self-designed experiments on the basis of primary experiment, a cooperative learning platform, and an formative evaluation system. The practice has showed that this new teaching method can arouse the participants' interest and initiative, help to enhance the teaching efficiency and performance.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360131

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate effect of oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) on memory CD8T cell subpopulation differentiation in mice with autoimmune diabetes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Cultured splenic CD8T cells from pre-diabetic NOD mice isolated with magnetic beads were treated with 30 µg/mL ox-LDL and 10 U/mL interleukin-2 (IL-2) for 24 h and the control cells were treated with IL-2 only. Flow cytometry was used to determine the percentage of splenic CD8IFN-γT cells, expressions of CD8, CD44 and CD62L on the T cells, and the activation of T cell factor-1 (TCF-1) and STAT-3. The CD127memory T cells were purified and transplanted into the pre-diabetic NOD mice via the tail vein, and the blood glucose was recorded weekly and survival time of the mice was monitored.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment with ox-LDL significantly reduced islet β cell-specific cytotoxic CD8T cells as compared with the control group [(0.7∓0.03)% vs (2.7∓0.14)%, P<0.01]. The percentage of effector memory CD8T cells (Tem) in the total memory CD8T cells was reduced [(10.3∓0.71)% vs (30.3∓1.36)%, P<0.01] and that of stem cell-like memory T cells was significantly increased [(72.3∓3.8)% vs (55.1∓2.61)%, P<0.05] following ox-LDL treatment, which also resulted in significantly decreased activation of TCF-1 [(14.5∓0.82)% vs (34.2∓1.23)%, P<0.01] and pSTAT-3 [(3.3∓0.12)% vs (22.1∓1.1)%, P<0.01]. Transplantation of ox-LDL-treated memory T cells in pre-diabetic NOD mice obviously inhibited the increase of blood glucose and prolonged the survival time of the mice (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Ox-LDL decreases the activation of transcriptional factors TCF-1 and phosphorylation of STAT-3, inhibits the formation of effector memory CD8T cells with long-term cytotoxicity, but promote the generation of stem cell-like memory CD8T cells, which result in suppression of islet β cell-specific effector cytotoxic CD8T cell differentiation to lessen autoimmune injury to the islet β cells.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335784

ABSTRACT

To explore the correlation between color of Glycyrrhiza uralensis and its quality evaluation,the colors of root bark and transverse section were determined by Precision Color Reader and Visual Analyzer,and the contents of six flavonoids and two saponins in G.uralensis were determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC).The partial least squares regression(PLSR)method was employed to correlate the colors with component contents in G.uralensis. The results showed that there were no significant differences in the colors of root bark but significant or very significant differences(P<0.05,P<0.01)in the colors of transverse section between the wild and cultivated G. uralensis. Compared with those in the cultivated G. uralensis, the contents of liquiritin, isoliquiritin isoliquiritigenin and the contents of ammonium glycyrrhizinate, glycyrrhetinic acid were obviously significant or remarkably significant in the wild G. uralensis.The correlation results showed that there was a significant or very significant correlation between the colors and the effective component contents. This study provides a scientific basis to evaluate the quality of G.uralensis by color and a new reference for the traditional evaluation methods for Chinese drugs.

14.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1268-1271,1275, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-604385

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate mechanism of imatinib mesylate induced apoptosis of primary CD3+T cells.Methods:The CD3+T cells were stimulated by 0-100 nmol/L imatinib for 24 h,cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry;Caspase-3,Caspase-8, A20 and NF-κB expression levels were detected by Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot.Results: IM significantly increased apoptosis of T cell;Caspase-3 and A20 gene expression levels were upregulated and NF-κB expression level was downregulated both in gene and protein levels.Conclusion:IM increased apoptosis of T cell by upregulating A20 expression.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463157

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression of TrkB and c-fos in rat auditory cortex after long -term ad‐ministration of sodium salicylate and the mechanisms of salicylate ototoxiclty .Methods Normal adult rats were di‐vided into three groups :normal group without any treatment ,long -term treatment group given i .m .injections , 175 mg/kg ,twice daily at 9:00 am and 6 :00 pm for consecutive 14 days and the recovered group using the same method as the chronic group except that they were sacrificed 28 days after salicylate treatment ceased .After the de‐tection of ABR ,rats were sacrificed after deep anesthesia ,and the auditory cortexes were dissected rapidly .Real-time PCR and Western-blot were explored to detect the expression of TrkB and c-fos .Results The average ABR threshold of normal rats was 36 ± 2 .23 dB SPL .The average ABR threshold of long -term group was 41 .3 ± 3 .31 dB SPL ,which was significantly increased than normal group(P0 . 05) .The expression of c-fos mRNA(1 .24 ± 0 .09)and protein(0 .70 ± 0 .12)in the long -term group were signifi‐cantly increased ,when compared with the normal group .The c-fos mRNA(1 .23 ± 0 .04)and protein(0 .68 ± 0 .08) expression in the recovered group were also significantly increased compared with the normal group .The expression of TrkB mRNA(1 .26 ± 0 .10)and protein(1 .85 ± 0 .17)in the long -term group were significantly increased ,when compared with the normal group .The TrkB mRNA(1 .23 ± 0 .07)and protein(1 .80 ± 0 .08)expression in the recov‐ered group were also significantly increased compared with the normal group .Conclusion The inereased expression of c-fos in the long -term group may be related to the enhancement of central auditory function .The inereased ex‐pression of Trk-B in the long -term group might be involved in instability of synaptic plasticity in tinnitus .

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330258

ABSTRACT

Quantitative models were established to analyze the content of chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content in the liquid-liquid extraction of Reduning injection by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Seven batches of extraction solution from the liquid-liquid extraction of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Artemisiae Annuae Herba were collected and NIR off-line spectra were acquired. The content of chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content were determined by the reference methods. The partial least square (PLS) and artificial neural networks (ANN) were used to build models to predict the content of chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content in the unknown samples. For PLS models, the R2 of calibration set were 0.9872, 0.9812, RMSEC were 0.1533, 0.7943, the R2 of prediction set were 0.9837, 0.9733, RMSEP were 0.2464, 1.2594, RSEP were 3.25%, 3.31%, for chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content, respectively. For ANN models, the R2 of calibration set were 0.9903, 0.9882, RMSEC were 0.0974, 0.4543, the R2 of prediction set were 0.9868, 0.9699, RMSEP were 0.1920, 0.9427, RSEP were 2.61%, 2.75%, for chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content, respectively. Both the RSEP values of chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content were lower than 6%, which can satisfy the quality control standard in the traditional Chinese medicine production process. The RSEP values of ANN models were lower than PLS models, which indicated the ANN models had better predictive performance for chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content. The established method can rapidly measure the content of chlorogenic acid and soluble solid content. The method is simple, accurate anc reliable, thus can be used for quality control of the liquid-liquid extraction of Reduning injection.


Subject(s)
Chlorogenic Acid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Injections , Least-Squares Analysis , Liquid-Liquid Extraction , Reference Standards , Neural Networks, Computer , Quality Control , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared , Methods
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854214

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the quantitative models for analyzing the content of critical quality indicators in the purification process of Gardenia jasminoides intermediate in Reduning Injection using near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. Methods: The contents of shanzhiside, geniposidic acid, deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester, genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside, geniposide, chlorogenic acid, and total acid were determined by the reference method and NIR spectra were acquired. After removing the outliers, selecting the optimal spectral preprocessing method and selecting the best spectral wavelength, partial least squares (PLS) and the least squares support vector machines (LS-SVM) were used to build the models for predicting the contents of the above quality indicators in 18 unknown samples. Results: For shanzhiside, geniposidic acid, deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester, genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside, geniposide, chlorogenic acid, and total acid, the relative standard errors of prediction (RSEP) was lower than 3% for PLS models and LS-SVM models, indicating both methods could exhibit the satisfactory fitting results and predictive abilities. However, the LS-SVM models of shanzhiside and total acid showed lower predictive errors than PLS models. For geniposidic acid, deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester, genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside, geniposide, and chlorogenic acid, both models have the closer predictive errors. Conclusion: S-SVM shows better predictive performance than PLS. The established NIR quantitative models can be used for rapidly measuring the content of critical quality indicators in the purification process of G. jasminoides intermediate in Reduning Injection.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-854071

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the batch release criteria of Gardenia jasminoides intermediate purification process based on statistical process control technology in order to ensure the batch-to-batch consistency and stability. Methods: Forty-eight batches of G. jasminoides intermediate purified solution were collected as the calibration set. The content of chlorogenic acid, shanzhiside, geniposidic acid, deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester, genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside, geniposide, and total acid were determined to establish the quantitative release criteria. Near-infrared spectra (NIRS) were acquired to establish the qualitative release criteria. Seventeen batches of G. jasminoides intermediate purified solution were prepared under different process conditions by the Box-Behnken experimental design. They were regarded as the validation set to verify the feasibility of the established quantitative and qualitative release criteria. Results: The established quantitative release ranges were: chlorogenic acid 5.753-6.713 mg/g, shanzhiside 9.456-10.723 mg/g, geniposidic acid 3.313-4.401 mg/g, deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester 15.260-16.419 mg/g, genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside 30.529-33.473 mg/g, geniposide 165.17-175.16 mg/g, and total acid 45.028-53.118 mg/g, respectively. The established qualitative release upper limits were: Hotelling T2 = 4.067 8 and DModX = 1.218 8. For sample 1, 5, 7, 9, 10, 14-17 from the validation set, the content of quality control indicators satisfied the quantitative release criteria and NIRS satisfied the qualitative release criteria. Conclusion: Based on NIRS and statistical process control technology, the developed quantitative and qualitative release criteria are simple and feasible. They could be used for the production quality control of G. jasminoides intermediate purification process.

19.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 575-577,581, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552935

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of nickel-titanium stent(NTS) and consequent anti-allergy dexamethasone therapy on macrophage cells reactivity to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from gram-negative bacterium .Methods The macrophage cell line Raw 264 .7 and dexamethasone-pretreated Raw264 .7 were co-cultured with NTS for 4 days ,and stimulated with LPS for 24 hours .The surface marker CD molecules of CD80 ,CD86 and FasL were detected with flowcytometr method ,the supernant cytokine production of proinflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-αwas valued with ELISA method ,and intracellular inflammatory signal pathway acti-vation of NF-κB ,GAS ,ISRE and STAT3 was checked with signal molecule specific promoter lunciferase analysis .Results The stent pre-treatment improved LPS-mediated CD80 expression ,suppressed FasL production ,decreased IL-6 secretion and NF-κB ac-tivation ,the results have statistical significance (P<0 .05) .The dexamethasone treatment improved stent-mediated up-regulated ex-pression of CD80 ,FasL and TNF-α,and suppressed the activation of intracellular inflammatory signal pathway of NF-κB ,ISRE and STAT3 ,the results have statistical significance(P<0 .05) .Conclusion NTS inhibit macrophage cells Raw264 .7 react to TLR4 ag-onist LPS ,and dexamethasone treatment improved the function .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458115

ABSTRACT

Objective To study changes of auditory brainstem evoked potentials (ABR)and the expression of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)during the critical period of the development of the auditory cortex in rats. Methods Fifty Sprague - Dawley (SD)rat pups were divided into five groups(n=10 per group):postnatal 14 days group,postnatal 21 days group,postnatal 28 days group,postnatal 35 days group and postnatal 42 days group.The rats were decapitated after the evaluation of ABR.The auditory cortex was taken and immunohisto-chemical staining was used to detect the expression of GFAP in rat auditory cortex in each group.The protein ex-pressions of GFAP in rat auditory cortex in each group were tested by western blot methods respectively.ResuIts The ABR thresholds gradually decreased along with the increasing days after the birth.The average ABR thresholds in postnatal 14 days group,postnatal 21 days group,postnatal 28 days group,postnatal 35 days group and postnatal 42 days group were (84.5 ± 4.97)dB SPL ,(70.5±3.69)dB SPL ,(58.5±5.80)dB SPL,(37.0±4.83)dB SPL and(35.5±3.69)dB SPL,respectively.There were no significant differences in ABR thresholds between the postnatal 35 days group and the postnatal 42 days group (P>0.05),whereas,significant differences were found among the other groups(P<0.05 or P<0.01.GFAP expression in auditory cortex gradually increased in all five groups.The average integrated optical density (IOD)of postnatal 14 days group,postnatal 21 days group,postnatal 28 days group,postnatal 35 days group and postnatal 42 days group were 474.36±234.56,1465.93 ±474.96,2163.06 ± 353.36,6572.01±808.88 and 7244.37±932.90,respectively.The differences among all five groups were statisti-cally significant (P<0.05 orP<0.01 ).The protein levels of GFAP in the auditory cortex of postnatal 14 days group,postnatal 21 days group,postnatal 28 days group,postnatal 35 days group and postnatal 42 days group were 1.00±0.06,3.07±0.07,4.92±0.05,6.88±0.03 and 8.92±0.04.The differences among all five groups were sta-tistically significant (P<0.05).ConcIusion The ABR threshold gradually decreased and GFAP expression in audi-tory cortex gradually increased from postnatal 14 days to postnatal 42 days ,suggesting that astrocytes may promote the development and maturation of the auditory cortex and the auditory central system in rats.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL