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1.
Biol. Res ; 40(3): 207-317, 2007. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-481308

ABSTRACT

Previous studies have shown that transcription factors, API and NFkB exert important roles in the process by which selenium regulates spermatogenesis. Glutathione, an intracellular thiol, acts as a source of reducing power and aids in maintenance of the cellular redox status. The activities of selenium are closely related to the availability of glutathione. Presently, mouse testicular cells were cultured in the presence of BSO, a known glutathione depletor, to generate oxidative stress. Selenium (Se) was added as sodium selenite to these cells at concentrations of 0.5 µM and 1.5 µM. It was observed that at 1.5 µM, Se acted as a pro-oxidant and significantly decreased the redox ratio. RT PCR analysis revealed that cjun, cfos expression increased in testicular cells cultured with Se compared to control. However, the major outcome was that the combined effect of Se supplementation and GSH depletion resulted in reduced expression of cjun and cfos while p65 expression increased. This suggests that selenium affects both these transcription factors differently. Our study indicates that though low levels of oxidative stress generated by moderate doses of selenium augments the expression of cjun and cfos, a robust increase in the ROS generation caused by the dual effect high levels of selenium and glutathione depletion leads to decrease in the expression of these genes. The present work substantiates our in vivo experiments and indicates the detrimental effect of excess selenium supplementation on male fertility.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Buthionine Sulfoximine/pharmacology , Glutathione/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Selenium/pharmacology , Spermatogenesis/drug effects , Testis/drug effects , Glutathione/drug effects , Mice, Inbred BALB C , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Sperm Motility/drug effects , Testis/cytology
2.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2005 Jun; 43(6): 503-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-62329

ABSTRACT

Present study was conducted to observe the effect of cholesterol and oxidized cholesterol (7beta-hydroxycholesterol,7beta-OH) on the nitric oxide (NO) production and the redox ratio by lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages. Dose-dependent decrease in NO levels was seen with both cholesterol and 7beta-OH at different incubation intervals (6,12,18,24 hr) and concentrations (2.5,5,7.5microg/ml). On comparison, a significant decrease in the NO was observed at 24 hr interval in 7beta-OH exposed cells with all respective concentrations of cholesterol. Incubation with 7beta-OH also resulted in significant increase in levels of oxidized glutathione (GSSG) and decrease in reduced glutathione (GSH), while cholesterol showed no effect on GSSG levels. Moreover, GSH levels were lowered only at highest concentration (7.5microg/ml), and at longer incubation intervals (18,24 hr) with cholesterol exposure. This altered the redox status in both cholesterol/7beta-OH treated macrophages. Increased redox ratio and decreased NO levels indicated increased oxidative stress and decreased vasodilation by 7beta-OH compared to cholesterol.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cholesterol/chemistry , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Female , Glutathione/chemistry , Hydroxycholesterols/chemistry , Lipopolysaccharides/chemistry , Macrophages, Peritoneal/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Nitric Oxide/chemistry , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen/chemistry , Time Factors
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