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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887743

ABSTRACT

Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV), two of the most prevalent human herpesviruses, cause a wide spectrum of diseases and symptoms and are associated with serious health problem. In this study, we developed an internal control reference recombinase-aided amplification (ICR-RAA) assay for the rapid detection of EBV and CMV within 30 min. The assay had a sensitivity of 5 and 1 copies/test for EBV and CMV, respectively, with no cross reaction with other pathogens. In comparison with those of the commercial quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), the sensitivity of the EBV and CMV ICR-RAAs using extracted DNA was 93.33% and 84.84%, respectively; the specificity was 98.75% and 100.00%, respectively; and the Kappa values were 0.930 and 0.892 (


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus Infections/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/virology , Female , Herpesvirus 4, Human/genetics , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Recombinases/genetics , Young Adult
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879189

ABSTRACT

Based on the serum medicinal method, this study aims to investigate the migrating components of Yougui Yin in the blood after intragastric administration, and to provide reference for the basic research of its pharmacodynamics. The kidney deficiency rat model was replicated by adenine method. Normal rats and model rats were administered orally for a single gavage of Yougui Yin. The components in blood were rapidly analyzed and identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), and the migrating components in blood of Yougui Yin were explored by multivariate statistical analysis. The results showed that there were 42 characteristic peaks in the plasma of normal rats by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology and 13 chemical components were identified, including 6 alkaloids, 2 flavonoids, 2 triterpenoid saponins, 1 iridoid, 1 phenylpropanoid and 1 monoterpenoid. There were 22 characteristic peaks in the plasma of kidney-deficiency rats, and 12 chemical components were identified, including 2 iridoids, 6 alkaloids, 2 flavonoids, 1 monoterpenoid and 1 triterpenoid saponin. Verbascoside, isoacteoside, acteoside, pinoresinoldiglucoside, loganin and morroniside were identified by MRM both in the plasma of normal rats and kidney-deficiency rats. Compared with 85 monomer components in Yougui Yin, 17 common prototype components were found by UPLC-MS in the plasma of normal rats and kidney deficiency rats, including verbascoside, isoacteoside, acteoside, rehmapicrogenin derived from Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, pinoresinol diglucoside and geniposidic acid from Eucommiea Cortex, loganin and morroniside derived from Corni Fructus, mesaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylaconitine, benzoylhypacoitine, mesaconitine, aconitine derived from Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, liquiritin, isoliquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid derived from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Thirty-one metabolites of medicinal ingredients not found in the plasma of adenine-induced kidney deficiency rats were also detected in the plasma of normal rats. Twelve metabolites of medicinal materials not found in the plasma of normal rats were detected in the plasma of kidney deficiency rats. The results of the study provide reference for explaining the material basis and mechanism of Yougui Yin in the treatment of kidney deficiency.


Subject(s)
Adenine , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Kidney , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Technology
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878888

ABSTRACT

A new taraxer-based triterpenoid ester, taraxer-14-en-30-al-3β-O-palmitate(1), was isolated from the whole plant of Wedelia trilobata, along with six known compounds, ent-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid(2), 16α-hydroxy-ent-kauran-19-oic acid(3), tara-xerol(4), β-amyrin(5), 1β-acetoxy-4α, 9α-dihydroxy-6β-isobutyroxyprostatolide(6), and stigmasterol(7). Their structures were elucidated with use of a combination of spectroscopic techniques(IR, HR-ESI-MS, 1 D, 2 D NMR data) and chemical methods.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Molecular Structure , Triterpenes , Wedelia
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of degenerative scoliosis on the difficulty and efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to September 2019, 52 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by MIS-TLIF were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 36 females, aged from 42 to 71(63.44±5.96) years old, the course of disease from 1.5 to 6.5 years, with an average of (3.69±1.10) years. All patients had lower extremity root pain or numbness, 41 patients had intermittent claudication. There were 31 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of (19.58±5.33) months. The operation time and intraoperative bleeding in stenosis group were better than those in scoliosis group (@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing MIS-TLIF, degenerative scoliosis can lead to prolonged operation time and increased bleeding. However, it has no significant effect on therelief of postoperative symptoms, postoperative complications and the recovery of lumbar function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1101-1107, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780176

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Jiawei Foshou San capsule (JWFSSC) on CYP1A2, CYP2C6, CYP2D2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A1/2 enzyme activities in rat liver microsomes in vitro and in vivo, and to provide pharmacokinetic data for its combined use with other medicines. After incubating liver microsomes with a cocktail of probe drugs, the metabolites were quantitated with LC-MS/MS to assess the CYP enzyme activity. The hepatic pathological changes were evaluated by histology after hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. With the dose range up to 3 200 mg·L-1, the IC50 of JWFSSC for CYP2D2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A1/2 in vitro was 229.3 mg·L-1, 361.9 mg·L-1 and 274.6 mg·L-1 respectively. Compared with the vehicle control group, the enzyme activities of CYP1A2, CYP2C6 and CYP3A1/2 showed a significant increase in animals given JWFSSC 180 mg·kg-1·d-1 (P<0.01). Based on histology, several pathological changes were observed in JWFSSC groups: there was less inflammatory infiltration compared to the tetrahydropalmatine (THP) group. These results of inhibition in vitro and induction in vivo suggest a strengthened efficacy and a prolonged effective time of drugs metabolized by CYP2D2 and CYP2E1 enzymes when combined with JWFSSC in use. The dosage of parent drugs should be appropriately reduced when used in combination with JWFSSC. However, if a drug is metabolized by CYP1A2 and CYP2C6 when used in combination with JWFSSC, the effect of the drug is likely reduced and the dosage should be increased appropriately. In addition, the combination of ferulic acid (FA), ligustrazine (LZ) and THP can significantly reduce the toxicity of THP in rat livers. In this study, the program of animal testing had been approved by Committee on the management and usage of experimental animal in the College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southwest University.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773831

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the influence of individual characteristics of patients on the kinematics parameters of sitting lumbar spine manipulation.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to December 2016, 30 patients with degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis were treatede, including 18 males and 12 females, aged from 45 to 61(52.33±2.34) years old, with a course of 2 to 72(29.13±3.23) months. Motion capture technique was used to measure the kinematics parameters of the same manipulator in sitting lumbar spine manipulation for 30 patients, including rotation time, maximum speed and maximum acceleration. The parameters of the left and right hands of the operator were different. The effects of individual characteristics on the kinematics parameters of sitting lumbar spine manipulation were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The kinematic and mechanical parameters of manipulation were as follows:spin time, maximum speed, maximum acceleration, the manipulation done by right or left hand showed the similar parameters(>0.05). According to multivariate linear regression, there was a significant correlation between the age of the patient and the rotation time of the operator(<0.01); the height of patient had a significant correlation with the maximum speed and maximum acceleration of the operator(<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is no difference between the manipulation of left and right hand in clinical application. Age and height are important influencing factors of sitting lumbar rotation manipulation.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Manipulation, Spinal , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Sitting Position
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776541

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe whether necroptosis was happened in high glucose (HG) - induced primary cardiomyocytes injury and to investigate the likely mechanism.@*METHODS@#The primary cultured cardiomyocytes were divided into 4 groups (n=9): control group (the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 5.5 mmol/L glucose for 48 h), HG group (the cardiomyocytes were incubated with 30 mmol/L glucose for 48 h), HG + necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) group (the cardiomyocytes was co-incubated with necroptosis inhibitor Nec-1 at 100 μmol/L and HG for 48 h) and hypertonic pressure group (HPG, the cardiomyocytes was co-incubated with 5.5 mmol/L glucose and 24.5 mmol/L mannitol for 48 h). Cell viability was measured by MTT method, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation was measured by DHE staining. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were tested by ELISA method. The mRNA and protein expressions of necroptosis related genes receptor interacting serine/threonine protein kinase 1 (RIP1), RIP3, mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) were tested by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The results showed HG intervention decreased cardiomyocytes viability, increased ROS generation, up-regulated the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, increased RIP1, RIP3, MLKL expressions at mRNA and protein levels. Nec-1 treatment attenuated HG-induced increased cardiomyocytes viability, reduced ROS generation, down-regulated the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β, decreased RIP1, RIP3, MLKL expressions at mRNA and protein levels.@*CONCLUSION@#Necroptosis was happened in high glucose-induced primary cardiomyocytes injury. Inhibition of necroptosis can reduce high glucose-induced cardiomyocytes damage, may be related to inhibition of oxidative stress and depression of inflammative factors releasing.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Cytokines , Metabolism , Glucose , Humans , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Pathology , Necrosis , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species , Metabolism
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1160-1163, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776196

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture at Renying (ST 9) on morning blood pressure, daytime peak blood pressure and 24-hour blood pressure load in patients with ischemic stroke complicated with essential hypertension.@*METHODS@#A total of 80 patients (3 cases dropped off) were randomized into an observation group (39 cases) and a control group (38 cases). acupuncture and nifedipine were given in the control group. On the basis of treatment in the control group, acupuncture at Renying (ST 9) was applied in the observation group, once a day, 6 times a week for 4 weeks. The changes of morning blood pressure, daytime peak blood pressure and blood pressure load were observed before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, morning blood pressure, daytime peak blood pressure and blood pressure load after treatment were reduced in the two groups (all 0.05); the changes of morning diastolic pressure, daytime peak blood pressure and blood pressure load in the observation group were larger than those in the control group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of acupuncture and nifedipine, acupuncture at Renying (ST 9) can effectively reduce morning blood pressure, daytime peak blood pressure and blood pressure load in patients with ischemic stroke complicated with essential hypertension.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Blood Pressure , Brain Ischemia , Essential Hypertension , Therapeutics , Humans , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691158

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare effect of serum of Bushen Huoxue prescription on rabbit with intervertebral disc motion segments in vitro culture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-four New Zealand white rabbits aged from 4 to 6 months and weighted from 2.5 to 3 kg were divided into medicated group and control group, 7 in each group. Rabbits were excuted under condition of asepsis, 28 spinal motion segments were taken out in each group, and segments were loaded in spinal motion segments in vitro and cultured in culture apparatus. Nutrient solution of medicated group contain 10% serum of Bushen Huoxue prescription, and 10% blank serum in control group. Seven discs between two groups were taken out and observed by histomorphology, proteoglycan PAS/AB stining, collagen II immunohistochemical staining, AGG, Col2aI by PCR test before culture and on the 3th, 7th and 14th day after culture.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Histomorphology results showed the formation of medicated group was better than that of control group at 1 week after culture. PAB/AB test results showed content of poteoglycan between two groups were decreased. Imunohistochemical results showed content of collagen II in medicated group were obviously increased than that of control group at 3 days, but decreased obviously at 1 week than that of control group. PCR results showed expression of Agg in medicated group was obviously decreased than that of control group, but no statistical significance between two groups on the 7 th and 14 th day. Expression of Col2aI between two groups at 3 days were increased, and medicated group increased obviously more, while there were no significant difference between two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Serum of Bushen Huoxue prescription could delay intervertebral disc degeneration at short time for it is relate with improving circulation, inhibiting inflammatory, regulating extracellular matrix, so the prescription plays an important role in early prevention and treatment for intervertebral disc degeneration.</p>

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771553

ABSTRACT

Schisandra chinensis is a commonly used hepatoprotective medicine in clinic. Previous studies have showed that Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus has dual effects on the activity of CYPs. Short-term administration of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus may inhibit CYP450s activity, while long-term administration may up-regulate CYP activity. High CYP450s activity level may increase the frequency of reactive metabolites-induced liver injury. It remains unclear how long-term administration of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus may affect acetaminophen-induced acute hepatotoxicity. After oral administration of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus extract (0.5-2.0 g·kg⁻¹) for 21 d, the activity of CYPs, Nrf2, HO-1, GST expressions, SOD and GST activity as well as glutathione level of SD rats were up-regulated. Besides, Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus extract ameliorated APAP (500 mg·kg⁻¹)-induced acute hepatotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner, as evidenced by decrease in ALT, AST, and MDA level and increase in GSH level (<0.05). What's more, the liver histopathology was alleviated, and cleaved caspase-3 expression was decreased. Besides, the increase of N-acetyl-p-benzoquinoneimine-GSH (reactive metabolite of acetaminophen) formation was observed in Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus extract groups. In conclusion, the present study indicated that the effects of Schisandrae Chinensis Fructuson acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity may rely on the Nrf2 signal pathway activation, and less depends on the increase in CYP450s activity.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Liver , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775369

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to observe the protective effect of catalpol on the high glucose induced destruction of tight junctions of rat primary brain microvascular endothelial cells (BMECs). Catalpol co-administrated with high glucose increased BMECs survival, decreased its ET-1 secretion, and improved transmembrane electrical resistance in a time-dependent manner. Furthermore, transmission electron microscopy was used to observe catalpol's protective effect on tight junction. Fluorescence staining displayed that catalpol reversed the rearrangement of the cytoskeleton protein F-actin and up-regulated the tight junction proteins claudin-5 and ZO-1, which were further demonstrated by the mRNA expression levels of claudin-5, occludin, ZO-1, ZO-2, ZO-3, -actintin, vinculin and cateinins. This study indicated that catalpol reverses the disaggregation of cytoskeleton actin in BMECs and up-regulates the expression of tight junction proteins, such as claudin-5, occludin, and ZO-1, and finally alleviates the increase in high glucose-induced BMECs injury.


Subject(s)
Actin Cytoskeleton , Actins , Metabolism , Animals , Brain , Cell Biology , Cells, Cultured , Claudin-5 , Metabolism , Endothelial Cells , Glucose , Iridoid Glucosides , Pharmacology , Phosphoproteins , Rats , Tight Junctions , Zonula Occludens-1 Protein , Metabolism
12.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 251-255, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702711

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and mechanism of IL-38 in inhibiting osteoporosis.Methods:A total of 138 cases of patients with osteoporosis in our hospital from June 2014 to December 2016 were recruited.Another 120 cases of fracture surgery patients without osteoporosis were selected as control.Serum levels of IL-38 in different groups were determined using a commercially available sandwich ELISA (Enzyme-Linked ImmunoSorbent Assay).Construction of IL-38-C57BL/6J transgenic mice,the wild type and IL-38 transgenic mice were set to sham operation group (Sham),operation group (ovariectomy,group OVX) respectively.After 8 weeks of the operation,the serum level of alkaline phosphatase(ALP),calcium and phosphorus were detected.The bilateral femur and spine of mice were collected after sacrifice,the morphology and structure of the femur were analyzed,and the bone density was measured by bone density meter.The bone marrow stromal cells(BMSCs) were isolated and the invitro proliferation ability of BMSCs were meas-ured.Western blot were used to detect the phosphorylation level of PI3K,Akt,GSK3β and NFATc1 in BMSCs.After transfection of IL-38 into mouse osteoblast MC3T3-E1 cell,the phosphorylation level of PI3K,Akt,GSK3β and NFATc1 were detected by Western blot.Apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 cells were detected by flow cytometry.Results:The serum level of IL-38 in patients with osteoporosis were significant lower than control group(P<0.05).The serum level of estrogen,calcium and phosphorus in OVX group of wild type and IL-38 transgenic mice were significant lower than the sham operation group(P<0.05),while the level of ALP was significant higher than sham operation group (P<0.05),but the serum level of calcium and phosphorus in OVX group of IL-38 transgenic mice were significant higher than wild type mice(P<0.05).The pathological section of femur and spine BMD showed that the bone tissue in wild type mice and IL-38 transgenic mice in OVX group were damaged and the bone density decreased significantly,but IL-38 transgenic mice was significant better than wild type mice (P<0.05).The proliferation ability of BMSCs in OVX group of IL-38 transgenic mice was significant higher than wild type mice (P<0.05).The phosphorylation level of PI3K,Akt and NFATc1 in OVX group of IL-38 transgenic mice were significant lower than wild type mice(P<0.05),while the phosphorylation level of GSK3β was significant higher than wild type mice (P<0.05).After transfection of IL-38 into MC3T3-E1 cell,the phosphorylation level of PI3K,Akt and NFATc1 were significant decreased (P<0.05),while the phosphorylation level of GSK3β was significant increased (P<0.05).Flow cytometry assay showed that IL-38 transfection significant decreased the apoptosis of MC3T3-E1 cells(P<0.05).Conclusion:The serum level of IL-38 in patients with osteoporosis is decreased significantly.IL-38 may inhibit the proliferation of BMSCs and inhibit the apoptosis of osteoblasts by regulating the PI3K/Akt/GSK3β/NFATc1 signaling pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701218

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effect of lutein on the viability of breast cancer cells and its possible mech -anism.METHODS:The human breast cancer T47D cells were divided into control group and lutein(6.25,12.5,25,50 mg/L)treatment groups.The effect of lutein on the viability of T47D cells was measured by MTT assay.The mRNA ex-pression of nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2(Nrf2),glutathione peroxidase 1(GPx1)and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2)was detected by RT-qPCR.Fluorescent probes DCFH-DA was used to determine the production of reactive oxygen species(ROS).The protein expression of Nrf2 and p65 was determined by Western blot.RESULTS: The MTT results showed that lutein inhibited T47D breast cancer cell viability in a dose-and time-dependent manner.The RT-qPCR results showed that the mRNA levels of Nrf2, GPx1 and SOD2 were higher in lutein treatment groups than those in the control group(P<0.05),and with the increased concentrations and extension of intervention time of lutein, the relative mRNA levels were all increased.The ROS levels were significantly decreased in the lutein-treated groups(P<0.05).The results of Western blot demonstrated that the protein expression of Nrf 2 was significantly increased(P<0.05), and p65 protein was decreased(P<0.05)in a dose-dependent manner with lutein treatment for 48 h.CONCLUSION: Lutein signifi-cantly inhibits the viability of breast cancer cells,and the inhibition roles may be related to up-regulation of the expression of Nrf2,antioxidant enzymes GPx1 and SOD2 mRNA expression and down-regulation of oxidative stress,thus blocking the NF-κB signaling pathway.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698711

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: As a reliable biomechanical model, human fresh isolated cervical specimens provide the basis for studying the pathogenesis of cervical vertigo from the perspective of blood flow of vertebral artery.There is a lack of an in vitro cervical model that can simulate the physiological state of the cervical vertebrae and achieve complex posture, as well as can measure the blood flow of vertebral artery. OBJECTIVE:To study the influence of variant position of human fresh isolated cervical vertebrae on the blood flow of vertebral artery in vitro through constructing the fresh specimen of cervical vertebral artery determination model. METHODS: Six human fresh isolated cervical specimens were selected for constructing the vertebral artery determination model. The pressure of human vertebra artery was simulated by pressure pump. The change of normal saline height was measured by digital motion capture system dynamically under different positions. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Eight vertebral arteries in the six models were in good condition. (2) The vertebral artery flow under neutral position was significantly richer than that under contralateral rotation-anteflexion and ipsilateral/contralateral rotation-postexion (P <0.05). (3) The vertebral artery flow under contralateral rotation-anteflexion and rotation-postexion was significantly poorer than that under natural position, ipsilateral rotation and ipsilateral rotation-anteflexion (P < 0.05). (4) In summary, the cervical vertebral artery determination model is constructed successfully that can simulate the influence of the position on vertebral artery flow. Additionally, different positions of rotation make a different effect on vertebral artery flow.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Animal models are critical to study the mechanism, prevention and treatment of intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD). Therefore, constructing an ideal animal model of IDD is the key to further study IDD. OBJECTIVE: To review the selection and construction methods of the IDD model, so as to select and construct an ideal animal model of IDD. METHODS: A retrieval of CNKI, WanFang, VIP, SinoMed and PubMed databases was performed for the articles published before December 2016. The keywords were "intervertebral disc degeneration, animal model" in English and Chinese, respectively. All the articles were selected from the authoritative magazines, and finally 56 eligible articles were included. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There are many kinds of animals used for constructing the IDD model, including small and large animals. The former has a small volume of intervertebral disc that is beneficial for nutrient and metabolite transport,so it can be used for long-term in vitro culture.The latter has a large volume of intervertebral disc,which is appropriate for biomechanical study.The animal models of IDD include in vivo and in vitro models:the in vivo models include the changed biomechanics,destroyed physical structure,spontaneous and systemic disease models;the in vitro models include in vitro cellular and organ models.However,there is still a lack of an ideal animal model that can fully simulate human IDD. Noticeably, similarity, comparability, economy, feasibility, reliability and controllability should be considered.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694098

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) rat model with cyclophosphamide (CTX),and investigate the effects and mechanism of CTX on the ovarian structure and function.Methods Fifty female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into model group and control group.Rats in model group received intraperitoneal injection of loading dose CTX (50mg/kg),and maintenance dose of 8mg/(kg.d) for 14 days.Rats in the control group were given the same amount of saline during the same period.The modeling effects were judged by observation and comparison of estrous cycle,levels of sex hormone and morphological changes of organs between the two groups;the apoptosis of follicular granulose cell were detected by TUNEL,the contents of inflammatory cytokines in tissue homogenates were detected by ELISA,and the expressions of apoptosis related proteins were measured by Western blotting.Results Compared with control group,the estrous cycle in model group was disordered;the levels of serum anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) and estrogen (E2) decreased significantly (P<0.01) and those of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) increased markedly (P<0.01);the quantity of follicles decreased obviously (P<0.05);the endometrium atrophied,the uterine wall thinned and the glands decreased in number.Compared with the control group,the apoptosis of follicular granulose cells increased in model group;the contents of TNF-α,IL-1β and IL-6 in the tissue homogenate increased significantly (P<0.01),the contents of vascular endothelial growth factor-α (VEGF-α) decreased markedly (P<0.01);the expression of apoptosis related protein Bax was up-regulated remarkably (P<0.01),while of Bcl-2 was down-regulated obviously (P<0.01).Conclusion CTX may induce the changes of ovary structure and endocrine function,and the mechanism may be related to the local microenvironment changes and the imbalance of Bax/Bcl-2 expression in regulating the apoptosis of granulose cells.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776571

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of hydrogen sulfide (HS) on renal fibrosis in diabetic rats and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into normal control (NC) group, a diabetic control (DC) group, diabetes mellitus (DM)+sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) group and DM+DL-propargylglycine (PAG) group, with 8 rats in each group.Type 1 diabetes was induced in the respective groups by a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of streptozotocin.From the fifth week, rats in the DM+NaHS and DM+PAG groups were injected (i.p.) with 56 μmol/kg NaHS and 40 mg/kg PAG once a day, respectively.After treatment for 4 weeks, the levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (SCr) were detected.The deposition of renal collagen fibers was observed by Masson staining, and collagen volume fraction (CVF) was calculated.The ultrastructural change of renal tissue was observed by transmission electron microscopy.The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and hydroxyproline (Hyp) in renal tissues were detected using the kits.The expression levels of TGF-β1, Smad3, phosphorylated (p)-Smad3 and collagen-IV (col-IV) in renal tissues were detected using Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the NC group, the levels of FBG, BUN, SCr, CVF, IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and Hyp were increased; the deposition of renal collagen fibers and the ultrastructural damage were aggravated; the levels of TGF-β1, Smad3, p-Smad3, p-Smad3/Smad3 and col-IV were increased in the DC group.Compared with the DC group, excluding FBG, the aforementioned indices were improved in the DM+NaHS group; the aforementioned indices were further aggravated in the DM+PAG group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HS attenuated renal fibrosis in diabetic rats, and the mechanism might be associated with the reduction of the release of proinflammatory cytokines, downregulation of the TGF-β1/Smad3 pathway, and inhibition of excessive accumulation of col-IV.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Fibrosis , Hydrogen Sulfide , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690594

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the cardiac toxicities of a heat waves and ozone exposure on cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and explore a possible mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The incidence of ozone exposure combined with heat wave was simulated in the Shanghai Meteorological and Environmental Animal Exposure System (Shanghai-METAS). A total of 64 ApoE-/- mice, matched by weight, were randomly divided into 8 groups and exposed to heat wave conditions or ozone. The levels of creatine kinase (CK), D-lactate dehydrogenase (D-LDH), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), nitric oxide (NO), endothelin-1 (ET-1), D-dimer (D2D), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and blood lipid in plasma and heat shock protein-60 (HSP60), hypoxia inducible factor 1 alpha (HIF-1α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), C-reactive protein (CRP), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) in hearts were measured after exposure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of all indicators, except for SOD, increased with the ozone-only exposure. However, cardiac damage was most significant when the heat wave conditions were combined with severe ozone exposure. Moreover, the levels of CK, D-LDH, NO, PAI-1, sICAM-1, and TNF-α in plasma increased significantly (P < 0.05), and the contents of HSP60, HIF-1α, CRP, and MDA in hearts increased considerably (P < 0.05), but the activity of SOD decreased significantly. In addition, the levels of four blood lipid items remarkably increased (except the level of HDL-C which decreased significantly) with ozone exposure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>A short-term exposure to a heat wave and ozone causes severe toxic effects on the heart. Cardiac damage was most significant under combined heat wave and severe ozone exposure simulations.</p>

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2461-2473, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690188

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Fine particulate matter (PM) exacerbates airway inflammation and hyperreactivity in patients with asthma, but the mechanism remains unclear. The aim of this study was to observe the effects of prolonged exposure to high concentrations of PMon the pathology and airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) of BALB/c mice undergoing sensitization and challenge with ovalbumin (OVA) and to observe the effects of apoptosis and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain 1 (TIM-1) in this process.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Forty female BALB/c mice were divided into four groups: control group, OVA group, OVA/PM group, and PM group (n = 10 in each group). Mice in the control group were exposed to filtered clean air. Mice in the OVA group were sensitized and challenged with OVA. Mice in the OVA/PM group were sensitized and challenged as in the OVA group and then exposed to PMfor 4 h per day and 5 days per week for a total of 8 weeks using a nose-only "PMonline enrichment system" in The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University. Mice in the PM group were exposed to the PM online enrichment system only. AHR was detected. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) was collected for cell classification. The levels of interleukin-4 (IL-4), IL-5, and IL-33 in BALF were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Changes in histological structures were examined by light microscopy, and changes in ultramicrostructures were detected by electron microscopy. Apoptosis was determined by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling (TUNEL) assay in the lung tissues. Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were utilized to analyze the expression of Bcl-2, Bax, and TIM-1 in the lungs.</p><p><b>Results</b>The results showed that AHR in the OVA/PM group was significantly more severe than that in the OVA and PM groups (P < 0.05). AHR in the PM group was also considerably more severe than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The BALF of OVA/PM group (28.00 ± 6.08 vs. 12.33 ± 4.51, t = 4.631, P = 0.002) and PM group (29.00 ± 3.00 vs. 12.33 ± 4.51, t = 4.927, P = 0.001) had more lymphocytes than the BALF of the control group. The number of neutrophils in the BALF of the OVA/PM group (6.67 ± 1.53 vs. 3.33 ± 1.53, t = 2.886, P = 0.020) and PM group (6.67 ± 1.53 vs. 3.33 ± 1.53, t = 2.886, P = 0.020) was much higher than those in the BALF of OVA group (P < 0.05). TUNEL assays showed that the number of apoptotic cells in the OVA/PM group was significantly higher than that in the OVA group (Tunel immunohistochemical scores [IHS%], 1.20 ± 0.18 vs. 0.51 ± 0.03, t = 8.094, P < 0.001) and PM group (Tunel IHS%, 1.20 ± 0.18 vs. 0.51 ± 0.09, t = 8.094, P < 0.001), and that the number of apoptotic cells in the PM group was significantly higher than that in the control group (Tunel IHS%, 0.51 ± 0.09 vs. 0.26 ± 0.03, t = 2.894, P = 0.020). The concentrations of IL-4 (77.44 ± 11.19 vs. 48.02 ± 10.02 pg/ml, t = 4.595, P = 0.002) and IL-5 (15.65 ± 1.19 vs. 12.35 ± 0.95 pg/ml, t = 3.806, P = 0.005) and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio (1.51 ± 0.18 vs. 0.48 ± 0.10, t = 9.654, P < 0.001) and TIM-1/β-actin ratio (0.78 ± 0.11 vs. 0.40 ± 0.06, t = 6.818, P < 0.001) in the OVA/PM group were increased compared to those in the OVA group. The concentrations of IL-4 (77.44 ± 11.19 vs. 41.47 ± 3.40 pg/ml, t = 5.617, P = 0.001) and IL-5 (15.65 ± 1.19 vs. 10.99 ± 1.40 pg/ml, t = 5.374, P = 0.001) and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio (1.51 ± 0.18 vs. 0.97 ± 0.16, t = 5.000, P = 0.001) and TIM-1/β-actin ratio (0.78 ± 0.11 vs. 0.31 ± 0.06, t = 8.545, P < 0.001) in the OVA/PM group were increased compared to those in the PM group. The concentration of IL-4 (41.47 ± 3.40 vs. 25.46 ± 2.98 pg/ml, t = 2.501, P = 0.037) and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio (0.97 ± 0.16 vs. 0.18 ± 0.03, t = 7.439, P < 0.001) and TIM-1/β-actin ratio (0.31 ± 0.06 vs. 0.02 ± 0.01, t = 5.109, P = 0.001) in the PM group were also higher than those in the control group.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Exacerbated AHR associated with allergic asthma caused by PMis related to increased apoptosis and TIM-1 activation. These data might provide insights into therapeutic targets for the treatment of acute exacerbations of asthma induced by PM.</p>

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1771-1776, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668046

ABSTRACT

Aim To summarize the 2015 version of the prescrip-tion preparations containing Schisandra chinensis in "Chinese Pharmacopoeia",and discover meaningful compatibility law of Schisandra chinensis. Methods The statistics of prescription preparations relating to Schisandra chinensis in 2015 edition of "Chinese Pharmacopoeia" were gathered to find the frequency of each herbal medicine,efficacy,medicine category,and dosage. A database was constructed and frequency statistics were coun-ted,the dendrogram was built by cluster analysis to get compati-bility law of herbal medicines,and then some modern research analysis was conducted. Results A total 100 kinds of prescrip-tion preparations were included,including 128 Chinese medi-cines,and the total using frequency was 906 times. A sum of 17 types of traditional Chinese medicine were used in this study, and most commonly used herbals were Qi-invigorating herbs(fre-quency 150,0. 1656),antipyretic(frequency 115,0. 1269), yin-nourishing herbs(frequency 91,0. 1004),Yang-invigorat-ing herbs(frequency 78,0. 8610),Hematinic(frequency 78, 0. 8610)and so on. The herb medicine of using frequency ranking the first 20 was Prepared Radix Rehmanniae(47),Ra-dix Ophiopogonis (39 ), tuckahoe (38 ), Membranous Milkvetch(36),Ural Licorice (35),ginseng (32),angelica (23),salvia miltiorrhiza(23),wolfberry fruit(21),respective-ly;cluster analysis showed that the traditional Chinese medicine with frequency more than 10 times could be divided into five cat-egories,while Radix Rehmanniae was classified as a separate class. Conclusions The main therapeutic theory about Schisan-dra is astringency,replenishing and promoting production of body fluid and tonifying the kidney to relieve mental strain in 2015 edition of "Chinese Pharmacopoeia". The prescription compatibility can be used for rational medicine Schisandra com-patibility,guiding rational administration for Schisandra chinen-sis,in-depth research and development of modern prescription provide reference.

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