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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 739-744, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016518

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided coil placement combined with tissue adhesive injection in the treatment of gastric varices with spontaneous shunt. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the patients with acute gastric variceal bleeding and spontaneous portosystemic shunt who were hospitalized and received balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) combined with endoscopic tissue adhesive injection or EUS-guided coil placement combined with tissue adhesive injection in Xiangyang Central Hospital from March 2019 to September 2022. The two surgical procedures were compared in terms of efficacy (technical success rate, 5-day rebleeding rate, 1-year rebleeding rate, and time to rebleeding), safety (the incidence rate of ectopic embolism, the amount of tissue adhesive used, and the amount of lauromacrogol used), and cost-effectiveness (hospital costs and length of hospital stay). The t-test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the rebleeding. The chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. ResultsA total of 25 patients received successful EUS-guided coil placement and tissue adhesive injection, with a technical success rate of 100%, a median amount of 2.5 mL tissue adhesive used, a median amount of 11.0 mL lauromacrogol used, a mean length of hospital stay of 14.88±3.21 days, a mean hospital cost of 32 660.00±4 602.07 yuan, and a 5-day rebleeding rate of 0%; among these patients, 2 were lost to follow-up, and 23 patients with complete follow-up data had an incidence rate of ectopic embolism of 0% and a median time to rebleeding of 689 days. A total of 14 patients underwent modified BRTO combined with endoscopic tissue adhesive injection, with a technical success rate of 100%; a median amount of 5.0 mL tissue adhesive used during surgery, which was significantly higher than that used in EUS (U=39.000, P<0.001); a median amount of 10.5 mL lauromacrogol used during surgery; a mean length of hospital stay of 15.38±4.94 days; a mean hospital cost of 57 583.47±18 955.40 yuan, which was significantly higher than that used in EUS (t=-6.310, P<0.001); a 5-day rebleeding rate of 0%. No patient was lost to follow-up, and all 14 patients had an incidence rate of ectopic embolism of 0% and a median time to rebleeding of 244.50 days, with no significant difference between the two groups (χ2=1.448, P=0.229). ConclusionEUS-guided coil placement combined with tissue adhesive injection is a relatively safe and effective technique for the treatment of gastric variceal bleeding and has a high technical success rate, a low incidence rate of serious adverse events, and similar efficacy to BRTO, with higher safety and cost-effectiveness.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 367-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the brain effect mechanism and the correlation between brain functional imaging and cognitive function in treatment of depressive disorder (DD) with transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) based on the resting-state functional magenetic reasonance imaging (rs-fMRI).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two DD patients were included in a depression group and 32 subjects of healthy condition were enrolled in a normal group. In the depression group, the taVNS was applied to bilateral Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10), at disperse-dense wave, 4 Hz/20 Hz in frequency and current intensity ≤20 mA depending on patient's tolerance, 30 min each time, twice daily. The duration of treatment consisted of 8 weeks. The patients of two groups were undertaken rs-fMRI scanning. The scores of Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) were observed in the normal group at baseline and the depression group before and after treatment separately. The differential brain regions were observed before and after treatment in the two groups and the value of degree centrality (DC) of fMRI was obtained. Their correlation was analyzed in terms of HAMD, HAMA and WCST scores.@*RESULTS@#The scores of HAMD and HAMA in the depression group were all higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of HAMD and HAMA were lower than those before treatment in the depression group; the scores of total responses, response errors and perseverative errors of WCST were all lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). The brain regions with significant differences included the left inferior temporal gyrus, the left cerebellar peduncles region 1, the left insula, the right putamen, the bilateral supplementary motor area and the right middle frontal gyrus. After treatment, the value of DC in left supplementary motor area was negatively correlated to HAMD and HAMA scores respectively (r=-0.324, P=0.012; r=-0.310, P=0.015); the value of DC in left cerebellar peduncles region 1 was negatively correlated to the total responses of WCST (r=-0.322, P=0.013), and the left insula was positively correlated to the total responses of WCST (r=0.271, P=0.036).@*CONCLUSION@#The taVNS can modulate the intensity of the functional activities of some brain regions so as to relieve depressive symptoms and improve cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Vagus Nerve Stimulation/methods , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Vagus Nerve
3.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Practice ; (6): 449-454, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978486

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety of bimekizumab in the treatment of moderate/severe plaque psoriasis. Methods Literatures from Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, CNKI, VIP databases from the establishment time to January of 2022 were retrieved. The Review manager 5.3 statistical software was used to systematical review. Results 5 publications, 6 RCTs met the inclusion criteria, which involved 2308 participants. In terms of efficacy, patients in the experimental group were more than positive medicine control group in PASI 90, PASI 100, no significantly statistical difference in IGA 0 or 1 cases (P=0.05). PASI 90, PASI 100 and IGA 0 or 1 cases of patients in the experimental group were higher than that of the placebo group . In the safety evaluation, the incidence of adverse reaction in experimental group was higher than the placebo group (P=0.000 2), which was the same as the positive medicine control group (P=0.06). The experimental group was no statistical difference compared with positive medicine control and the placebo group in the incidence of serious adverse events including upper respiratory tract infection and nasopharyngitis (P>0.05). But the rate of oral candidiasis in experimental group was higher than the positive medicine control group (P<0.000 01) and the placebo group (P=0.005). Conclusion bimekizumab could treat moderate/severe plaque psoriasis effectively and safely, and the oral candidiasis during the treatment should be noticed.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2739-2748, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981377

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis(UC) is a recurrent, intractable inflammatory bowel disease. Coptidis Rhizoma and Bovis Calculus, serving as heat-clearing and toxin-removing drugs, have long been used in the treatment of UC. Berberine(BBR) and ursodeoxycholic acid(UDCA), the main active components of Coptidis Rhizoma and Bovis Calculus, respectively, were employed to obtain UDCA-BBR supramolecular nanoparticles by stimulated co-decocting process for enhancing the therapeutic effect on UC. As revealed by the characterization of supramolecular nanoparticles by field emission scanning electron microscopy(FE-SEM) and dynamic light scattering(DLS), the supramolecular nanoparticles were tetrahedral nanoparticles with an average particle size of 180 nm. The molecular structure was described by ultraviolet spectroscopy, fluorescence spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, high-resolution mass spectrometry, and hydrogen-nuclear magnetic resonance(H-NMR) spectroscopy. The results showed that the formation of the supramolecular nano-particle was attributed to the mutual electrostatic attraction and hydrophobic interaction between BBR and UDCA. Additionally, supramolecular nanoparticles were also characterized by sustained release and pH sensitivity. The acute UC model was induced by dextran sulfate sodium(DSS) in mice. It was found that supramolecular nanoparticles could effectively improve body mass reduction and colon shortening in mice with UC(P<0.001) and decrease disease activity index(DAI)(P<0.01). There were statistically significant differences between the supramolecular nanoparticles group and the mechanical mixture group(P<0.001, P<0.05). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6), and the results showed that supramolecular nanoparticles could reduce serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels(P<0.001) and exhibited an obvious difference with the mechanical mixture group(P<0.01, P<0.05). Flow cytometry indicated that supramolecular nanoparticles could reduce the recruitment of neutrophils in the lamina propria of the colon(P<0.05), which was significantly different from the mechanical mixture group(P<0.05). These findings suggested that as compared with the mechanical mixture, the supramolecular nanoparticles could effectively improve the symptoms of acute UC in mice. The study provides a new research idea for the poor absorption of small molecules and the unsatisfactory therapeutic effect of traditional Chinese medicine and lays a foundation for the research on the nano-drug delivery system of traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Ursodeoxycholic Acid/adverse effects , Berberine/pharmacology , Interleukin-6 , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Colon , Nanoparticles , Dextran Sulfate/adverse effects , Disease Models, Animal , Colitis/chemically induced
5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 33-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970443

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of calcified lymph nodes on video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy in the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with lung cancer. Methods A retrospective analysis was conducted on the COPD patients with lung cancer who underwent VATS lobectomy in the Department of Thoracic Surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from May 2014 to May 2018.The patients were assigned into a calcified lymph node group and a control group according to the presence or absence of calcified lymph nodes in CT,and the size,morphology,and calcification degree of the lymph nodes were recorded.The operation duration,intraoperative blood loss,chest tube retention time,hospitalization days,and overall complication rate were compared between the two groups. Results The 30 patients in the calcified lymph node group included 17 patients with one calcified lymph node and 13 patients with two or more calcified lymph nodes,and a total of 65 calcified lymph nodes were recorded.The calcified lymph nodes with the size ≤5 mm were the most common (53.8%),and complete calcification was the most common form (55.4%) in lymph node calcification.The mean operation duration had no significant difference between the calcified lymph node group and the control group (t=-1.357,P=0.180).The intraoperative blood loss (t=-2.646,P=0.010),chest tube retention time (t=-2.302,P=0.025),and hospitalization days (t=-2.274,P=0.027) in the calcified lymph node group were higher than those in the control group. Conclusion Calcified lymph nodes increase the difficulty and risk of VATS lobectomy in the COPD patients with lung cancer.The findings of this study are conducive to predicting the perioperative process of VATS lobectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Loss, Surgical , Retrospective Studies , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Calcinosis , Lymph Nodes
6.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 100-104, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the characteristics of intestinal flora in female patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with comorbid coronary heart disease.Methods:Female patients with T2DM from September 2019 to November 2020 were enrolled in this study and divided into 2 groups stratified by coronary heart disease: 22 patients with coronary heart disease(T2DM+ CHD group) and 49 patients with simple T2DM group(T2DM group). Thirty-one healthy females were selected as the normal control group(NC group). The abundance of intestinal flora, the difference in intestinal flora and its relationship with indicators such as glycosylated hemoglobin and fasting blood glucose was analyzed by the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR detection technology in the three groups.Results:The abundance of Prevotella in the T2DM group was lower, and Roseburia inulinivorans and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii in the T2DM+ CHD group were lower, while Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp in the T2DM+ CHD group were higher compared with NC group, respectively( P<0.05). The abundance of Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp in the T2DM+ CHD group was lower than that in the T2DM group( P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that the abundance of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii and Eubacterium rectale was negatively correlated with obesity while abundance of Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp was positively correlated with HbA 1C and fasting blood glucose. The abundance of Bacteroides was positively correlated with TCH and TG(all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp were independent influencing factor of the development of female patients with T2DM and CHD. Conclusion:Female T2DM and T2DM with CHD had intestinal flora imbalance, which was related to a variety of glucose and lipid metabolism indicators, and might be closely related to the occurrence of T2DM and CHD. Bacteroides and Enterococcus spp were independent influencing factors of the development of female patients with T2DM and CHD. Regulating the intestinal flora can provide ideas for the prevention and treatment of T2DM with CHD in female.

7.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 286-291, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930081

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of ixazomib-based therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) .Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the efficacy and adverse reactions of 53 RRMM patients treated with a combined regimen containing ixazomib in the Hematology Department of Beijing Jishuitan Hospital from July 8, 2018 to November 30, 2020. Among them, 6 patients received ID regimen (ixazomib + dexamethasone) , 30 patients received ID regimen + immunomodulator, and 17 patients received ID regimen + other chemotherapy drugs.Results:Fifty-three patients with RRMM received ixazomib-based therapy. The median previous treatment line was 3, the median treatment course was 6 (2-30) , and the median follow-up time was 21 months (2-32 months) . The overall response rate (ORR) was 54.7% (29/53) after 2 courses of treatment. Among them, 26.4% (14/53) had very good partial response (VGPR) and 28.3% (15/53) had partial response (PR) . The ORR of the ID regimen group, ID regimen + immunomodulator group and ID regimen + other chemotherapy group were 83.3% (5/6) , 56.7% (17/30) and 41.2% (7/17) respectively, with no statistically significant difference among the three groups ( P=0.208) . The median time to progression (TTP) of 53 patients was 8 months (1-24 months) . The most frequent adverse events of ixazomib treatment were gastrointestinal reactions such as nausea, vomit and diarrhea, with an incidence of 37.7% (20/53) , and the incidence of grade 3-4 was 5.7% (3/53) . The most common hematological adverse events were thrombocytopenia (15.1%, 8/53) , neutropenia (11.3%, 6/53) and anemia (9.4%, 5/53) . Grade 1-2 peripheral neurotoxicity occurred in only 7.5% (4/53) of patients. Conclusion:Ixazomib has good efficacy and safety for the patients with RRMM in the real world.

8.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 658-665, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare percutaneous cannulated screw (PCS) fixation and plating via a minimally invasive longitudinal approach (MILA) after closed reduction for the treatment of intra-articular tongue-type calcaneal fractures.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted of the 67 patients with intra-articular tongue-type calcaneal fracture who had been treated at Department of Orthopedics, The Third Hospital of Peking University from May 2017 to May 2020. They were 56 males and 11 females, 19 to 58 years of age (average, 34.5 years). Of them, 32 were treated by the PCS fixation after closed reduction (PCS group) and 35 by the MILA plating after closed reduction (MILA group). The operation time, preoperative time, post-operative hospital stay, blood loss and postoperative complications were recorded and compared between the 2 groups. The calcaneal length, width and height, Gissane angle, B?hler angle, varus angle, valgus angle and visual analog scale (VAS) were compared between the 2 groups at preoperation, immediate postoperation, 3 months postoperation, and the last follow-up. The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score was used at 3 months postoperation and the last follow-up to evaluate the function of the injured hindfoot.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the PCS group and the MILA group, showing they were comparable ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for an average of 18.5 months (from 15 to 25 months). For the PCS group and the MILA group, respectively, the operation time was 60.5 (51.5, 68.0) min and 86.0 (78.0, 96.0) min, the blood loss 10 (5.0, 20.0) mL and 20 (15, 25) mL, the postoperative hospital stay 1 (1.0, 1.8) d and 2 (2, 3) d, the calcaneal width at immediate postoperation (43.8±4.4) mm and (40.6±2.8) mm, the calcaneal width at 3 months postoperation 43.8 (39.6, 48.3) mm and 41.5 (38.8, 44.5) mm, the calcaneal width at the last follow-up 44.2 (40.2, 48.0) mm and 41.3 (39.0, 44.3) mm, the VAS at the last follow-up 5.0 (5.0, 5.0) and 6.0 (5.0, 6.0). The comparisons of the above items showed significant differences between the 2 groups (all P<0.05). No significant differences were observed between the 2 groups in the calcaneal length or height, Gissane or B?hler angle, AOFAS hindfoot score, or complication rate (all P>0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of tongue-type calcaneal fractures, after closed reduction, the PCS fixation can shorten operation time and postoperative hospital stay, and reduce intraoperative blood loss and postoperative pain, but the MILA plating is more advantageous in restoring the calcaneal width.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 90-95, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907019

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To eval uate the effectiveness ,safety and economy of deferasir ox for the treatment of iron overload in thalassemia with rapid health technology assessment ,and to provide evidence-based basis for rational clinical use. METHODS Retrieved from Chinese and English database/website as PubMed ,Embase,Cochrane Library ,NHS EED ,CADTH,CNKI and Wanfang database ,health technology assessment (HTA),systematic evaluation/meta-analysis and pharmacological studies about deferasirox versus deferoxamine/deferiprone for the treatment of iron overload in thalassemia were collected from the inception to June 2021. Based on literature screening and data extraction ,the quality of literature about HTA reports ,systematic evaluation/ Meta-analysis and pharmacoeconomic research were evaluated with HTA checklist ,A Measurement Tool to As sess Systematic Reviews,standard scale of economic evaluation report. The effectiveness and safety results were described quantitatively ,and the economic evaluation results were described qualitatively. RESULTS One HTA report ,five systematic evaluation/meta-analysis and five pharmacoeconomic studies were selected from 1 569 literature. Included HTA reports , systematic evaluation/meta-analysis,pharmacoeconomic studies were high in quality. Most studies reported that 30 mg/(kg·d) deferasirox was E-mail:aydgs@126.com better than deferoxamine in reducing the levels of s erum ferritin and liver iron overload ;ADR induced by deferasirox were mainly gastrointestinal irritation symptoms ,skin itching ,joint pain,transaminase elevation ,etc.,which generally did not affect subsequent treatment. There was no statistical significance in severe ADR between deferoxamine group and deferasirox group [RR =0.96,95%CI(0.85,1.08),P=0.52]. Compared with deferoxamine,deferasirox had higher cost-effectiveness ;but deferasirox was less likely to be cost-effective than deferiprone. CONCLUSIONS Deferasirox has good effectiveness and safety for iron overload in thalassemia ,and has good economic advantages in Britain and Iran ,compared with deferoxamine.

10.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 399-404, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the mutations in transcription regulatory sequences (TRSs) of coronaviruss (CoV) to provide the basis for exploring the patterns of SARS-CoV-2 transmission and outbreak.@*METHODS@#A combined evolutionary and molecular functional analysis of all sets of publicly available genomic data of viruses was performed.@*RESULTS@#A leader transcription regulatory sequence (TRS-L) usually comprises the first 60-70 nts of the 5' UTR in a CoV genome, and the body transcription regulatory sequences (TRS-Bs) are located immediately upstream of the genes other than ORF1a and 1b. In each CoV genome, the TRS-L and TRS-Bs share a specific consensus sequence, namely the TRS motif. Any changes of nucleotide residues in the TRS motifs are defined as TRS motif mutations. Mutations in the TRS-L or multiple TRS-Bs result in superattenuated variants. The spread of super-attenuated variants may cause an increase in asymptomatic or mild infections, prolonged incubation periods and a decreased detection rate of the viruses, thus posing new challenges to SARS-CoV-2 prevention and control. The super-attenuated variants also increase their possibility of long-term coexistence with humans. The Delta variant is significantly different from all the previous variants and may lead to a large-scale transmission. The Delta variant (B.1.617.2) with TRS motif mutation has already appeared and shown signs of spreading in Singapore, which, and even the Southeast Asia, may become the new epicenter of the next wave of SARS-CoV-2 outbreak.@*CONCLUSION@#TRS motif mutation will occur in all variants of SARS-CoV-2 and may result in super-attenuated variants. Only super-attenuated variants with TRS motif mutations will eventually lose the abilities of cross-species transmission and causing outbreaks.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/virology , Genome, Viral , Mutation , SARS-CoV-2/genetics
11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 217-224, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913114

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish t he method for determining the concentrations of fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline in human placental perfusate method and their placental permeability. METHODS Using glyburide as internal standard ,the samples were pretreated by protein precipitation method and detected by ultra-fast liquid chromatograph-mass spectrometer/mass spectrometer (UFLC-MS/MS). The determination was performed on Synergi TM Hydro-RP 80A LC column with mobile phase consisted of water (containing 0.1% formic acid )-acetonitrile(containing 0.1% formic acid )at the flow rate of 0.70 mL/min,with a gradient elution. The column temperature was set at 40 ℃,and sample size was 5 μL. Detection was performed with electrospray ionization source in multipl e reaction monitoring mode . The ion pairs for quantitative analysis we re m/z 309.9→148.1(fluoxetine),m/z 296.0→134.4 (-167), (norfluoxetine),m/z 306.1→159.0 (sertraline),m/z 493.9→ No.2018FE001(-207),(internal standard ). The perfusion model of singal placenta under bidrectional cardiopulmonary bypass was established. Fluoxetine (160 ng/mL),norfluoxetine(160 ng/mL), sertraline(100 ng/mL)and antipyrine (positive control ,ng/mL)were added into the maternal perfusate. The concen- 65324888 trations of fluoxe tine, norfluoxetine and sertrali ne were measured by above UFLC-MS/MS at 0,10,20,30,45,60,90,120,150 and 180 min of circulation ,and the placental permeability was calculated. RESULTS The linear range of fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline were 5.00-500 ng/mL(all r> 0.990),and the lower limits of quantification were all 5.00 ng/mL. The RSDs of intra-day and inter-day were all less than 14.0%, and relative error ranged -9.6% to 14.7%. The relative error of stability test was -4.0% to 11.0%;the residual effect ,extraction method and matrix effect did not affect the quantitative analysis of the substance to be tested. Totally 31 perfusion model of human placenta under cardiopulmonary bypass were successfully established ,including 15 fluoxetine and norfluoxetine perfusion ,10 sertraline perfusion and 6 antipyrine perfusion. After 3 hours of perfusion ,the average placental permeability of fluoxetine , norfluoxetine and sertraline were (8.74 ± 1.67)% ,(10.70 ± 4.81)% ,(5.90 ± 1.25)% ,respectively. CONCLUSIONS The established UPLC-MS/MS is simple ,sensitive and accurate. It can be used for determination of fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline in human placental perfusate. Fluoxetine ,norfluoxetine and sertraline can pass through the placenta ,but sertraline has a lower placental permeability.

12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 313-320, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936012

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical experience of expanded internal mammary artery perforator (IMAP) flap combined with vascular supercharge in reconstruction of faciocervical scar. Methods: The retrospective observational study was conducted. From September 2012 to May 2021, 23 patients with postburn or posttraumatic faciocervical scars who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, including 18 males and 5 females, aged from 11 to 58 years, all of whom were reconstructed with expanded IMAP flaps. At the first stage, one or two skin and soft tissue expander (s) with appropriate rated capacity were implanted in the anterior chest area according to the location and size of the scars. The IMAP, thoracic branch of supraclavicular artery, and lateral thoracic artery were preserved during the operation. The skin and soft tissue expanders were inflated with normal saline after the operation. The flaps were transferred during the second stage. The dominant IMAP was determined preoperatively using color Doppler ultrasound (CDU) blood flow detector. The faciocervical scars were removed, forming wounds with areas of 9 cm×7 cm-28 cm×12 cm, and the perforators of superficial temporal artery and vein or facial artery and vein were preserved during the operation. The flaps were designed according to the area and size of the wounds after scar resection with the dominant IMAP as the pedicle. Single-pedicle IMAP flaps were used to repair small and medium-sized wounds. For larger defects, the blood perfusion areas of vessels in the anterior chest were evaluated by indocyanine green angiography (ICGA). In situations where the IMAP was insufficient to nourish the entire flap, double-pedicle flaps were designed by using the thoracic branch of supraclavicular artery or lateral thoracic artery for supercharging. Pedicled or free flap transfer was selected according to the distance between the donor areas and recipient areas. After transplantation of flaps, ICGA was conducted again to evaluate blood perfusion of the flaps. The donor sites of flaps were all closed by suturing directly. Statistics were recorded, including the number, rated capacity, normal saline injection volume, and expansion period of skin and soft tissue expanders, the location of the dominant IMAP, the total number of the flaps used, the number of flaps with different types of vascular pedicles, the flap area, the flap survival after the second stage surgery, the occurrence of common complications in the donor and recipient areas, and the condition of follow-up. Results: Totally 25 skin and soft tissue expanders were used in this group of patients, with rated capacity of 200-500 mL, normal saline injection volume of 855-2 055 mL, and expansion period of 4-16 months. The dominant IMAP was detected in the second intercostal space (20 sides) or the third intercostal space (5 sides) before surgery. A total of 25 expanded flaps were excised, including 2 pedicled IMAP flaps, 11 free IMAP flaps, 4 pedicled thoracic branch of supraclavicular artery+free IMAP flaps, and 8 free IMAP+lateral thoracic artery flaps, with flap areas of 10 cm×8 cm-30 cm×14 cm. After the second stage surgery, tip necrosis of flaps in three patients occurred, which healed after routine dressing changes; one patient developed arterial embolism and local torsion on the vascular pedicle at the anastomosis of IMAP and facial artery, and the blood supply recovered after thrombectomy and vascular re-anastomosis. Fourteen patients underwent flap thinning surgery in 1 month to 6 months after the second stage surgery. The follow-up for 4 months to 9 years showed that all patients had improved appearances of flaps and functions of face and neck and linear scar in the donor sites of flaps, and one female patient had obvious nipple displacement and bilateral breast asymmetry. Conclusions: The expanded IMAP flap is matched in color and texture with that of the face and neck, and its incision causes little damage to the chest donor sites. When combined with vascular supercharge, a double-pedicle flap can be designed flexibly to further enhance the blood supply and expand the flap incision area, which is a good choice for reconstruction of large faciocervical scar.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China , Cicatrix/surgery , Mammary Arteries/surgery , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Saline Solution , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Surgical Wound , Treatment Outcome
13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 112-120, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940593

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the protective effect of total flavonoids of lavender on skin photoaging induced by ultraviolet B (UVB) in mice and to explore its mechanism from the perspective of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) antioxidant pathway. MethodEighty-four female KM mice were randomly divided into seven groups, namely blank group, model group, solvent group, vitamin E (0.013 g·kg-1) group, as well as low-, middle-, and high-dose (0.25, 1.25, 2.50 g·kg-1) groups of total flavonoids of lavender. The naked skin on the back of mice was irradiated with UVB for inducing optical damage. Thirty minutes before irradiation, the skin was coated with the total flavonoids of lavender. After continuous irradiation for one week, the skin moisture and elasticity on the back of mice were evaluated, and the effects of total flavonoids of lavender on histopathological changes in mouse skin were investigated by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Van Gieson (VG) staining. The levels of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), nitric oxide synthase (NOS), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) after skin homogenization were detected by colorimetry, the inflammatory factors interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in skin tissue by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the mRNA expression levels of Nrf2, Kelch-like epichlorohydrin-associated protein 1 (Keap1), BTB-CNC homology 1 (Bach1), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), and glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) by real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the blank group, the model group exhibited significantly increased appearance score (P<0.01), reduced skin moisture and elasticity (P<0.01), pronounced pathological changes in the skin tissue like epidermal thickening, scabbing, small abscess, and severe injury, elevated MDA, NOS, IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α (P<0.05, P<0.01), lowered SOD, T-AOC, Nrf2, Keap1, NQO1 and GCLC mRNA expression (P<0.05,P<0.01), and up-regulated Bach1 mRNA expression (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the total flavonoids of lavender at the low, middle, and high doses all remarkably reduced the appearance score (P<0.01), enhanced the skin moisture and elasticity (P<0.01), diminished the MDA, NOS, IL-1, IL-6, and TNF-α (P<0.05, P<0.01), increased SOD, T-AOC, Nrf2, Keap1, NQO1, HO-1 and GCLC mRNA expression (P<0.05, P<0.01), and down-regulated the expression of Bach1 mRNA (P<0.01). ConclusionThe protective effect of the total flavonoids of lavender against skin photoaging in mice is significant, which may be related to its activation of Keap1/Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway, regulation of oxidative stress, and improvement of inflammatory response.

14.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 186-195, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926018

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: To explore the histological feature of the cervical disc degeneration in patients with degenerative ossification (DO) and its potential mechanisms. @*Methods@#: A total of 96 surgical segments, from cervical disc degenerative disease patients with surgical treatment, were divided into ossification group (group O, n=46) and non-ossification group (group NO, n=50) based on preoperative radiological exams. Samples of disc tissues and osteophytes were harvested during the decompression operation. The hematoxylin-eosin staining, Masson trichrome staining and Safranin O-fast green staining were used to compare the histological differences between the two groups. And the distribution and content of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, p-Smad2 and p-Smad3 between the two groups were compared by a semi-quantitative immunohistochemistry (IHC) method. @*Results@#: For all the disc tissues, the content of disc cells and collagen fibers decreased gradually from the outer annulus fibrosus (OAF) to the central nucleus pulposus (NP). Compared with group NO, the number of disc cells in group O increased significantly. But for proteoglycan in the inner annulus fibrosus (IAF) and NP, the content in group O decreased significantly. IHC analysis showed that TGF-β1, p-Smad2, and p-Smad3 were detected in all tissues. For group O, the content of TGF-β1 in the OAF and NP was significantly higher than that in group NO. For p-Smad2 in IAF and p-Smad3 in OAF, the content in group O were significantly higher than group NO. @*Conclusion@#: Histologically, cervical disc degeneration in patients with DO is more severe than that without DO. Local higher content of TGF-β1, p-Smad2, and p-Smad3 are involved in the disc degeneration with DO. Further studies with multi-approach analyses are needed to better understand the role of TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway in the disc degeneration with DO.

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Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1822-1827, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932004

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy and safety of bendamustine combination regimen in the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM).Methods:From March 2020 to December 2020, 16 patients with RRMM were treated with bendamustine combination regimen in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. The efficacy and adverse events (AEs) of bendamustine combination regimen were retrospectively analyzed in the 16 patients.Results:The median treatment lines for 16 patients with RRMM who received bendamustine combination regimen was 4 lines, and the median course of treatment was 3 (1-8). The median follow-up time after bendamustine treatment started was 5.3(1.3-9.2)months. Among the 16 cases, the disease control rate (DCR), overall response rate(ORR), and ≥ very good partial remission (VGPR) rate were 13/16, 5/16, 4/16 respectively. The median PFS was 4.9 months. Among them, the ORR of bendamustine combined with immunomodulators was higher. AEs were anemia, leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia and fatigue. No patients who stopped treatment and adjusted the dose due to AEs.Conclusions:Bendamustine combination regimen is an effective and safe regimen for relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.

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Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 783-789, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect and application value of simultaneous modulated accelerated radiotherapy (SMART) in the suspicious positive lymph nodes of head and neck.Methods:From January 2017 to February 2019, 60 patients with suspected positive lymph nodes in the head and neck in the Hanzhong Central Hospital of Shaanxi Province were divided into experimental group and control group according to different treatment plans, and 30 patients in each group were included. In the experimental group, 63.36 to 66.66 Gy patients were treated with SMART, while in the control group, 54.12 to 60.06 Gy patients were treated with conventional neck prophylactic radiation. In order to evaluate the feasibility of the method, the change of the short diameter of the largest cross section of the suspicious positive lymph nodes in the two groups were observed, and the adverse reactions in the treatment of the two groups were analyzed.Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups before treatment ( P>0.05). After treatment, the size of short diameter of lymph nodes in the two groups was smaller than that before treatment. The maximum short diameter of the largest cross section of lymph nodes in the experimental group was smaller than that before treatment: (0.43 ± 0.07) cm vs. (0.72 ± 0.10) cm, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the control group, the maximum short diameter of the largest cross section of lymph node decreased after treatment, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). After treatment, the reduction of the short diameter in the experimental group was more obvious than that in the control group. The maximum short diameter of the largest cross section between the two groups: (0.43±0.07) cm vs. (0.66±0.08)cm was statistically significant ( t = 11.523, P<0.05). Before treatment, hemoglobin (HGB) levels of the two groups were in the normal physiological range, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05); the white blood cell (WBC) levels of the two groups at different time after treatment were compared: in the first week (7.83 ± 2.53) × 10 9/L vs. (8.26 ± 3.16) × 10 9/L, in the third week (7.14 ± 3.65) × 10 9/L vs. (7.08 ± 2.53) × 10 9/L, in the fifth week (5.47 ± 2.81) × 10 9/L vs. (6.41 ± 2.57) × 10 9/L, and in the seventh week (4.36 ± 2.59) × 10 9/L vs. (4.98 ± 1.64) × 10 9/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05), which indicated that the WBC index levels of the two groups were gradually decreased during the treatment, and the decreased degree of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group. The levels of HGB and PLT were maintained in the normal physiological range before and after treatment, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The main complications in the treatment of the experimental group were xerostomia and stomatitis. The adverse reactions in the control group were pain in the target area of radiotherapy. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The application of IMRT is an effective method for the treatment of occult lymph node metastasis, and it is also a therapeutic diagnostic method, which can provide evidence for the study of the law of lymph node metastasis in the head and neck. The safety and tissue tolerance of IMRT in the treatment of suspicious positive lymph nodes in the head and neck are good, which can be used for the suspicious lymph nodes in the head and neck. The treatment of positive lymph nodes and the evaluation of patients′ prognosis provide an effective way of clinical treatment.

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Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1023-1026, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907894

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Objective:To explore the regulatory effects of cow milk with the addition of breast milk equivalent dose of somatostatin (SST) and motilin (MTL) on food allergy and food intolerance.Methods:Young Brown Norway (BN) rats were divided into 5 groups and fed with pure breast milk(breast milk group), cow milk(cow milk group), cow milk added with SST(SST group), cow milk added with MTL(MTL group) and cow milk added with both SST+ MTL(SST+ MTL group). Allergic irritation was enhanced with skin smear at the same time.Clinical damages were quantified weekly.Levels of serous total Immunoglobulin E (IgE) and fecal calprotectin (FC) were detected by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Gastric emptying ratio and intestinal propulsion ratio were measured by method of dextran blue.Results:In breast milk group, cow milk group, SST group, MTL group and SST + MTL group, the levels of IgE were (45.75±5.05) μg/L, (580.42±45.24) μg/L, (290.38±22.88) μg/L, (424.26±22.17) μg/L, (209.49±17.59) μg/L, respectively; FC level were (149.07±24.78) μg/g, (458.85±33.81) μg/g, (343.63±34.97) μg/g, (407.79±29.62) μg/g, (296.83±28.77) μg/g, respectively; the total score of clinical damage were (0.50±0.61) scores, (9.37±1.04) scores, (6.83±1.49) scores, (7.00±1.14) scores, (5.37±1.19) scores, respectively.The cow milk group had the highest scores of clinical damages.Compared with the cow milk group, the clinical damage score, IgE and FC of the SST, MTL and SST+ MTL groups had significantly lower levels, and there was significant difference among them (all P<0.01). The general status of the SST + MTL group was most similar to the breast milk group.The gastric emptying rate of MTL group was the closest to that of breast milk group [(92.52±6.27)% vs.(100.00±9.70)%, P<0.05]. There were obvious diarrhea and fast small intestinal propulsion in cow milk group, the small intestinal propulsion ratio in breast milk group was (39.32±2.61)%, and (71.96±4.43) % in cow milk group, the difference was statistically significant between the 2 groups ( P<0.01). The intestinal motility of SST+ MTL group was decreased, but it just prevented diarrhea caused by milk allergy, the small intestine propulsion ratio in SST+ MTL group was (38.90±2.65)% vs.breast milk group (39.32±2.61)%( P>0.05). Conclusions:The cow milk added with SST and MTL decreased allergic reaction and increased food tolerance in gastrointestinal tract, which was more similar to breast milk.SST was beneficial to relieving allergic immune reaction, MTL contributed to improving the gastrointestinal tolerance of cow milk.The combination of SST and MTL may achieve an antagonistic and balanced mechanism on gastrointestinal regulation, which could synergistically improve the gastrointestinal tolerance of cow milk.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 212-219, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of San-Ao Decoction (, SAD) on water metabolism of bronchial asthra model mice.@*METHODS@#Forty-five female BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control, model and SAD groups by a random number table, 15 mice in each group. A composite method with ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization and challenge was developed to establish bronchial asthma model. Mice in the control group were intraperitoneally injected with distilled water without aerosol inhalation challenge. On day 15-22, 0.3 mL SAD was administered via gastric route in SAD group, one time per day, while an equivalent volume of normal saline was used for gastric administration in the control and model groups. Changes in airway resistance in the inspiratory phase (RI-R-Area) were detected using an AniRes2005 system, and 5-h urine output was collected by metabolic cages. Histopathological changes in lung and kidney were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining. mRNA expressions of aquaporin (AQP) 1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, and the protein expressions of AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney were detected by immunohistochemistry. Enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay was used to detect the OVA-specific endothelium-1 (ET-1), antidiuretic hormone (ADH), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), prostaglandin E@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the serum IgE level in model group increased (P<0.01). Following the pathologic changes in lung tissue, no significant change in kidney tissue was observed among 3 groups. Compared with the control group, the mice in the model group showed elevated airway resistance during inhalation phase, higher mRNA and protein expression levels on AQP1 and AQP2 in kidney tissue and higher ET-1 levels in serum, lung and kidney tissues, ADH and ANP in lung and serum, PGE@*CONCLUSION@#San-Ao Decoction can regulate the urine volume through regulating AQP1 and AQP2 expression, and the expression of these in the kidneys might be regulated by ET-1, NO and Ang II.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2265-2285, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888862

ABSTRACT

The administration of nanoparticles (NPs) first faces the challenges of evading renal filtration and clearance of reticuloendothelial system (RES). After that, NPs infiltrate through the expanded endothelial space and penetrated the dense stroma of tumor microenvironment to tumor cells. As long as possible to prolong the time of NPs remaining in tumor tissue, NPs release active agent and induce pharmacological action. This review provides a comprehensive summary of the physical and chemical properties of NPs and the influence of various biological factors in tumor microenvironment, and discusses how to improve the final efficacy through adjusting the characteristics and structure of NPs. Perspectives and future directions are also provided.

20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1195-1202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888538

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of CD319 and CD269 in plasma cells of patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and the feasibility of using CD319 instead of CD38 as a gating antigen in immunophenotyping and minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of CD319 and CD269 antigens in clonal bone marrow plasma cells of 387 patients were detected by CD38/CD138 gating strategy with 8-color flow cytometry, and the stability of antigens was also analyzed, and the sensitivity and correlation of two different gating strategies employing CD319/CD138 and CD38/CD138 were compared as well. The control group consisted of 53 cases with non-malignant blood disease matched by age and sex.@*RESULTS@#Monoclonal plasma cells were detected in 303 of 387 MM patients, among which 277 cases (91.42%) were positive for CD269, and all cases were positive for CD319 (100%). In newly diagnosed MM (NDMM) and recurrent refractory MM (RRMM) patients, the expression levels of CD269 were 97.53% (0-99.92%) and 94.96% (0.22%-99.99%), respectively, while levels of CD319 were 99.90% (87.77%-100%) and 99.78% (63.12%-100%), respectively. The expression levels of CD269 and CD319 in the control group were 97.00% (77.00%-100%) and 100% (89.00%-100%), respectively. There were no significant differences in the expression levels of CD269 and CD319 among NDMM, RRMM and the control group. Patients acquiring therapeutic effects were divided into complete remission (CR) group, very good partial response (VGPR) group and partial response (PR) group. Gating with CD38/CD138, median MRD values were 0.76% (0-1.88%), 0.77% (0-4.96%) and 1.75% (0.09%-10.90%) in the three groups, respectively, while gating with CD319/CD138, median MRD values were 0.57% (0.18%-1.96%), 1.07% (0.12%-4.85%) and 1.77% (0.08%-8.22%), respectively. There was no significant difference in MRD level by the two gating strategies, but a good correlation between the two (r=0.808, P<0.05). In addition, in 4 patients treated by CD38 monoclonal antibody (DARA), the expression level of CD38 was observed to be down-regulated or even negative after treatment. When the MRD level was very low, CD38/CD138 gating resulted in false MRD@*CONCLUSION@#CD319 and CD269 express stably and continuously in plasma cells of MM patients at different disease stages. CD319 can be used as an alternative of CD38 for immunophenotyping and MRD detection, especially for MRD detection after DARA treatment, while CD269 is suitable for detection before BCMA-CAR-T treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Immunophenotyping , Multiple Myeloma , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasm, Residual , Plasma Cells
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