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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 565-575, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929107

ABSTRACT

Licking behavior is important for water intake. The deep mesencephalic nucleus (DpMe) has been implicated in instinctive behaviors. However, whether the DpMe is involved in licking behavior and the precise neural circuit behind this behavior remains unknown. Here, we found that the activity of the DpMe decreased during water intake. Inhibition of vesicular glutamate transporter 2-positive (VGLUT2+) neurons in the DpMe resulted in increased water intake. Somatostatin-expressing (SST+), but not protein kinase C-δ-expressing (PKC-δ+), GABAergic neurons in the central amygdala (CeA) preferentially innervated DpMe VGLUT2+ neurons. The SST+ neurons in the CeA projecting to the DpMe were activated at the onset of licking behavior. Activation of these CeA SST+ GABAergic neurons, but not PKC-δ+ GABAergic neurons, projecting to the DpMe was sufficient to induce licking behavior and promote water intake. These findings redefine the roles of the DpMe and reveal a novel CeASST-DpMeVGLUT2 circuit that regulates licking behavior and promotes water intake.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928950

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of Kuanxiong Aerosol (KXA) on isoproterenol (ISO)-induced myocardial injury in rat models.@*METHODS@#Totally 24 rats were radomly divided into control, ISO, KXA low-dose and high-dose groups according to the randomized block design method, and were administered by intragastric administration for 10 consecutive days, and on the 9th and 10th days, rats were injected with ISO for 2 consecutive days to construct an acute myocardial ischemia model to evaluate the improvement of myocardial ischemia by KXA. In addition, the diastolic effect of KXA on rat thoracic aorta and its regulation of ion channels were tested by in vitro vascular tension test. The influence of KXA on the expression of calcium-CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaMK II)/extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) signaling pathway has also been tested.@*RESULTS@#KXA significantly reduced the ISO-induced increase in ST-segment, interventricular septal thickness, cardiac mass index and cardiac tissue pathological changes in rats. Moreover, the relaxation of isolated thoracic arterial rings that had been precontracted using norepinephrine (NE) or potassium chloride (KCl) was increased after KXA treatment in an endothelium-independent manner, and was attenuated by preincubation with verapamil, but not with tetraethylammonium chloride, 4-aminopyridine, glibenclamide, or barium chloride. KXA pretreatment attenuated vasoconstriction induced by CaCl2 in Ca2+-free solutions containing K+ or NE. In addition, KXA pretreatment inhibited accumulation of Ca2+ in A7r5 cells mediated by KCl and NE and significantly decreased p-CaMK II and p-ERK levels.@*CONCLUSION@#KXA may inhibit influx and release of calcium and activate the CaMK II/ERK signaling pathway to produce vasodilatory effects, thereby improving myocardial injury.


Subject(s)
Aerosols , Animals , Aorta, Thoracic , Calcium/metabolism , Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , Rats , Vasodilation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928192

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the effect of oral Chinese patent medicines on hypertension with network Meta-analysis. Randomized controlled trials on the treatment of hypertension with oral Chinese patent medicine combined with conventional western medicine were retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, and Cochrane Library(from establishment of the database to August 2021). Two researchers independently screened the articles, extracted the data, and evaluated article quality. Then R 4.1.0 was employed for data analysis. Finally, 195 eligible articles were screened out, involving 22 546 patients and 18 oral Chinese patent medicines. The results of the network Meta-analysis are as follows. In terms of reducing systolic blood pressure(SBP) and diastolic blood pressure(DBP), Xuesaitong, Qiangli Dingxuan Tablets, Songling Xuemaikang Capsules combined with conventional western medicine are superior. In improving blood lipids, the overall effects of Xinmaitong Capsules, Compound Xueshuantong Capsules, Ginkgo Folium preparations, Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules, and Naoxintong Capsules combined with conventional western medicine are outstanding. In terms of regulating endothelial function, Yindan Xinnaotong Soft Capsules, Xinmaitong Capsules, Zhenju Jiangya Tablets, Compound Danshen Dripping Pills, Xuesaitong with conventional western medicine have certain advantages. As for the safety, the incidence of adverse reactions of conventional western medicine combined with oral Chinese patent medicines is lower than that of conventional western medicine alone. In summary, compared with conventional western medicine alone, the 18 oral Chinese patent medicines combined with conventional western medicine in the treatment of hypertension show advantages in improving blood pressure, blood lipids, and endothelial function. Among them, Xuesaitong, Qiangli Dingxuan Tablets, and Songling Xuemaikang Capsules may be the best oral Chinese patent medicines for lowering blood pressure. The conclusion needs to be further verified by more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Antihypertensive Agents , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs
4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884308

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the diagnostic value of thickness ratio between noncompacted and compacted myocardium (NC/C ratio) measured by echocardiography at end-systole and end-diastole comparatively in left ventricular noncompaction (LVNC).Methods:Thirty-five patients with suspected LVNC were collected and underwent conventional (2DE) and left ventricular opacification (LVO) in Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from June 2019 to June 2020. The distribution and detection rate of two-layered segments, non-compaction (NC) segments and their NC/C ratios were comparatively analyzed at end-diastole and end-systole using 2DE, LVO and combined techniques respectively. With the diagnostic criteria of end-diastolic NC/C ratio>2.3 or end-systolic NC/C ratio>2.0, echocardiographic results were also recorded and compared with cMRI results.Results:Compared with 2DE, the number of detected segments was increased ( P<0.001), but the numbers of two-layered segments and NC segments were not significantly improved in end-systole using 2DE combined with LVO ( P>0.006). The diagnostic accuracy was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). However, when observing in end-diastole, the detected numbers of 3 kinds of segments were significantly increased using 2DE+ LVO in comparison with 2DE (all P<0.001), and the diagnostic accuracy was also significantly improved ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the detected rates of two-layered and NC semgents between 2DE+ LVO and cMRI ( P>0.006). 2DE+ LVO in end-diastole resulted in the highest diagnostic sensitivity (88.9%) and accuracy (85.7%), and also the largest area under ROC curve (0.95). Conclusions:The combination of 2DE and LVO can detect more NC segments, and diagnostic accuracy of end-diastolic NC/C ratio is higher than that in end-systolic in patients with LVNC.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905780

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of a wrist brace on activities of spastic hemiplegic hand after stroke, based on Botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injection and electrical stimulation. Methods:From January, 2016 to December, 2018, 52 stroke patients with spastic hemiplegia on upper extremities accepted BTX-A injection, and electrical stimulation two days later, while group A (n = 26) wore a wrist brace during stimulation and group B (n = 26) did not. They were assessed with modified Ashworth Scale (MAS), Box and Block test (BBt) and Action Research Arm Test (ARAT) before treatment (T0), and two (T1), four (T2) and twelve 12 (T3) weeks after treatment. Results:The scores of MAS, BBt and ARAT improved after treatment in both groups (Ftime > 118.32,P < 0.001), and improved more in group A than in group B in the scores of BBt and ARAT at each time point (Fgroup > 31.26,P < 0.001;Finteract = 10.65,P < 0.001). Conclusion:Based on the BTX-A injection and electrical stimulation, wearing a wrist brace would further improve the activities of hand for stroke patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-797573

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the diagnostic value of three sections of aortic arch under ultrasonography, including the three vessels and tracheal view (3VT), long-axis and coronal view of the aortic arch, in fetal coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and the reasons for missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis.@*Methods@#This study involved 52 fetuses with CoA who were identified by prenatal ultrasonography and confirmed in postnatal operation in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2013 to June 2018. Echocardiographic findings of all cases were analyzed retrospectively to summarize the prenatal imaging features.@*Results@#The 3VT was displayed in all cases (100%). The long-axis view of the aortic arch was observed in 88.5%, while the coronal view was observed in 76.9%. Among the 52 cases, nine were missed diagnosis and three were misdiagnosed due to unsatisfactory views of the three sections of aortic arch. All cases showed an increased ratio of the pulmonary artery to the aorta diameter in 3VT, which was a critical indicator of CoA in prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis. Satisfactory aortic arch coronal views were obtained in 40 cases and all showed constriction at the isthmus of aortic arch and an connection to the descending aorta. Out of the 46 with a satisfactory long-axis view of the aortic arch, a narrow isthmus of aortic arch was shown in 38 cases, with the inner diameter of (1.8±0.2) mm ranging from 0.9 to 2.9 mm.@*Conclusions@#Observation of three sections of aortic arch under ultrasonography is of great importance in prenatal diagnosis of CoA.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2565-2571, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803149

ABSTRACT

Background@#The predominant method for Manske type IIIB and IV thumb hypoplasia is pollicization. However, for those who are not willing to sacrifice the index finger, a method that could reconstruct a functionally capable and aesthetically acceptable thumb remains desirable. This study aimed to investigate and assess the functional and radiographic outcomes of utilizing a reversed vascularized second metatarsal composite flap for thumb reconstruction as a new alternative.@*Methods@#From May 2014 to January 2017, 15 patients with Manske type IIIB or IV thumb hypoplasia who were admitted to the Department of Hand Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital were included in this study. An osteocutaneous flap containing a section of second metatarsal and its distal head was transferred in reversed position to reconstruct carpometacarpal joint. The donor site was reconstructed by a split half of the third metatarsal. Various functional reconstructions were commenced at second stage. The reconstructed thumbs were evaluated using the Kapandji score, pinch force, and the capacities of performing daily activities through a detailed questionnaire.@*Results@#Among these 15 patients (seven type IIIB and eight type IV), there were ten boys and five girls with median age of 4.2 years (range: 2.0-7.0 years). There were seven right, three left, and five bilateral thumbs for whom only the right thumb received surgery. There were 14 metatarsal flaps survived (14/15). With an average follow-up of 19.2 months, the reconstructed thumbs had acceptable functional and aesthetic outcomes and the donor foot presented in decent appearance without signs of impaired function. All 15 children have improved the Kapandji score (from 0 to an average of 6.7), pinch force (from 0 to an average of 1.5 kg), with ability of grip and pen holding. X-ray indicated continuous bone growth. Patients and parents had good acceptance of the new thumb.@*Conclusions@#Reconstruction of an unstable hypoplastic thumb (Manske type IIIB and IV) with use of a vascularized metatarsal is an effective strategy. It offers an alternative solution for parents insisting on saving the thumb.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the protective effect of ferulic acid on PC12 cells injured by H2O2 and the molecular mechanisms. Method:The oxidative stress model was established by treating PC12 cells with H2O2, and then different dosages of ferulic acid (1, 10, 100 μmol·L-1) were used for intervention. Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay was used to evaluate the cell viability,lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malondialdelyde (MDA) in cell supernatant, and superoxidedismutase (SOD) in cells was tested by biochemical method respectively. Insulin-like growth factors-1 (IGF-1) mRNA and protein expressions were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) and Western blot. Result:The 24 h intervention with different dosages of ferulic acid (1, 10, 100 μmol·L-1) could significantly improve the oxidative damage of PC12 cells induced by H2O2, compared with the model group, ferulic acid at 1,10,100 μmol·L-1 significantly increased PC12 cells viability,significantly decreased LDH and MDA content in cell supernatant (PPPPPConclusion:Ferulic acid exerts a protective effect on H2O2-inducing PC12 cells injury,which might be related to insulin signaling pathways.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756167

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of three sections of aortic arch under ultrasonography, including the three vessels and tracheal view (3VT), long-axis and coronal view of the aortic arch, in fetal coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and the reasons for missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis. Methods This study involved 52 fetuses with CoA who were identified by prenatal ultrasonography and confirmed in postnatal operation in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2013 to June 2018. Echocardiographic findings of all cases were analyzed retrospectively to summarize the prenatal imaging features. Results The 3VT was displayed in all cases (100%). The long-axis view of the aortic arch was observed in 88.5%, while the coronal view was observed in 76.9%. Among the 52 cases, nine were missed diagnosis and three were misdiagnosed due to unsatisfactory views of the three sections of aortic arch. All cases showed an increased ratio of the pulmonary artery to the aorta diameter in 3VT, which was a critical indicator of CoA in prenatal ultrasonographic diagnosis. Satisfactory aortic arch coronal views were obtained in 40 cases and all showed constriction at the isthmus of aortic arch and an connection to the descending aorta. Out of the 46 with a satisfactory long-axis view of the aortic arch, a narrow isthmus of aortic arch was shown in 38 cases, with the inner diameter of (1.8±0.2) mm ranging from 0.9 to 2.9 mm. Conclusions Observation of three sections of aortic arch under ultrasonography is of great importance in prenatal diagnosis of CoA.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756111

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prenatal ultrasonographic features of fetal total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC).Methods Forty-one cases who received prenatal ultrasound examination and then were diagnosed with TAPVC by postnatal surgery at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2013 to June 2018 were enrolled.Echocardiography findings of all cases were analyzed retrospectively,and the prenatal imaging features were summarized.Results Among all cases,21 were confirmed as supracardiac type,14 as intracardiac type,four as infracardiac type and two as mixed type after surgery.The echocardiographic features of TAPVC were as follows:all 41 cases showed smooth posterior wall of left atrium without visible part of pulmonary venous connected to the left atrium in the-four chamber view;in 33 cases,the space between left atrium and descending aorta was widened and the pulmonary venous confluence was observed in the four-chamber view;ten cases showed a dilated coronary sinus in the four-chamber view and 27 cases showed vertical vein in the three vessels and trachea or the upper abdomen view.None of the 41 cases was complicated by other structural intracardiac abnormalities.However,seven cases were complicated by obstruction of blood flow,and the blood flow velocity measured by Doppler ultrasound was 0.76 m/s to 1.25 m/s.Conclusions Blood flow in pulmonary veins should be carefully observed in prenatal ultrasonography,and anomalous pulmonary venous connection should be considered when pulmonary veins do not connect to the left atrium.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2565-2571, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774913

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The predominant method for Manske type IIIB and IV thumb hypoplasia is pollicization. However, for those who are not willing to sacrifice the index finger, a method that could reconstruct a functionally capable and aesthetically acceptable thumb remains desirable. This study aimed to investigate and assess the functional and radiographic outcomes of utilizing a reversed vascularized second metatarsal composite flap for thumb reconstruction as a new alternative.@*METHODS@#From May 2014 to January 2017, 15 patients with Manske type IIIB or IV thumb hypoplasia who were admitted to the Department of Hand Surgery, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital were included in this study. An osteocutaneous flap containing a section of second metatarsal and its distal head was transferred in reversed position to reconstruct carpometacarpal joint. The donor site was reconstructed by a split half of the third metatarsal. Various functional reconstructions were commenced at second stage. The reconstructed thumbs were evaluated using the Kapandji score, pinch force, and the capacities of performing daily activities through a detailed questionnaire.@*RESULTS@#Among these 15 patients (seven type IIIB and eight type IV), there were ten boys and five girls with median age of 4.2 years (range: 2.0-7.0 years). There were seven right, three left, and five bilateral thumbs for whom only the right thumb received surgery. There were 14 metatarsal flaps survived (14/15). With an average follow-up of 19.2 months, the reconstructed thumbs had acceptable functional and aesthetic outcomes and the donor foot presented in decent appearance without signs of impaired function. All 15 children have improved the Kapandji score (from 0 to an average of 6.7), pinch force (from 0 to an average of 1.5 kg), with ability of grip and pen holding. X-ray indicated continuous bone growth. Patients and parents had good acceptance of the new thumb.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Reconstruction of an unstable hypoplastic thumb (Manske type IIIB and IV) with use of a vascularized metatarsal is an effective strategy. It offers an alternative solution for parents insisting on saving the thumb.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771425

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the protective effects of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pill (, STP) on NaSO-induced hypoxia-reoxygenation injury in cardiomyoblast H9c2 cells.@*METHODS@#The cell viability and levels of mRNA and protein expression in H9c2 cells were determined following NaSO-induced hypoxia using Hoechst staining, annexin V/propidium iodide (PI) flow cytometry, real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis.@*RESULTS@#STP pretreatment significantly increased the viability and inhibited aberrant morphological changes in H9c2 cardiomyoblast cells induced by NaSO treatment (P<0.05). In addition, STP pretreatment attenuated NaSO-induced hypoxic damage, down-regulated the expression of pro-apoptotic Bax, and up-regulated the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 in H9c2 cells (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#STP was strongly cardioprotective in hypoxia-reoxygenation injury by preventing hypoxic damage and inhibiting cellular apoptosis. These results further support the use of STP as an effective drug for the treatment of ischemic heart disease.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707733

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the ultrasonographic features ,diagnostic clues and methods of fetal aortic arch anomalies ,and to improve the diagnosis rate of prenatal ultrasonography for fetal aortic arch anomalies . Methods Fetuses with aortic arch anomalies diagnosed by prenatal ultrasound were selected as the study objects . The prenatal ultrasonographic features of the three views of the aortic arch were carefully observed . The three views included the followings :the transverse view ( the view of three vessels and trachea) ,the sagittal view ( the longitudinal view of the aortic arch) ,and the coronal view ( the coronal view of the descending aorta) . The prenatal diagnostic clues and diagnostic techniques of aortic arch anomalies were summarized and analyzed . Results Eighty-one cases with aortic arch anomalies were followed up . Fifteen cases were left-sided aortic arch and left-sided ductus arteriosus with aberrant right subclavian artery ,22 cases with right aortic arch and left-sided ductus arteriosus with aberrant left subclavian artery ,4 cases were mirror right aortic arch and left-sided ductus arteriosus ,2 cases were mirror right aortic arch and right-sided ductus arteriosus ,11 cases were double aortic arch ,23 cases were coarctation of the aorta ,and 4 cases were interruption of aortic arch . Among them ,27 cases were complicated with other cardiac and extra-cardiac malformations and 13 cases with chromosomal abnormalities . Prenatal ultrasonographic clues for diagnosis of coarctation of the aorta included the three vessels and trachea view showing small diameter and disproportion to the diameter of the ductus arteriosus . And the longitudinal view of the aortic arch was helpful for showing the position and the extent of coarctation of the aorta . Prenatal ultrasonographic clues for diagnosis of interruption of aortic arch were that the three vessels and trachea view and the longitudinal view of the aortic arch showed the interruption between aortic arch and descending aorta . And the abnormal combination cases of the aortic arch segments also had their corresponding diagnostic clues . These clues included that the three vessels and trachea view showed abnormal position ,arrangement and running of the branches of the aortic arch . And the coronal view of the descending aorta also showed abnormal changes in the branches of aortic arch . Conclusions Various types of congenital aortic arch anomalies have characteristic ultrasonography and their corresponding diagnostic clues and methods . The combined use of the three views of the aortic arch is effective in prenatal diagnosis for aortic arch anomalies .

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698790

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: BISCOVER LV is a low-viscosity, ligh-cured resin formulation that can be directly coated on the tooth enamel surface for resin polishing inside and outside the mouth or bracket bonding for enamel demineralization. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of tooth liquid polish sealant on the shear bond strength of orthodontic brackets and the failure rate of bracket bonding. METHODS: (1) In vivo test: 30 teenager patients under orthodontic treatment were randomly selected. BISCOVER LV was used to deal with the upper and lower dentitions on the left side, and then the brackets were bonded by a light-cured resin adhesive (Transbond XT). The upper and lower dentitions on the right side were directly bonded with the brackets by Transbond XT. After 1 month, the failure rate of bracket bonding was detected in each patient. (2) In vitro test: 60 extracted orthodontic teeth were selected and randomized into two groups:BISCOVER LV group and non-BISCOVER LV group. The following procedures in the in vitro test were the same as those in the in vivo test. Two groups of specimens were thereafter soaked in the artificial saliva, the shear bond strength of the brackets was tested, and then the adhesive remnant index was recorded. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) In the in vivo test, there was no significant difference in the failure rate of bracket bonding between two clinical groups (11.43% vs. 9.64%; P>0.05). (2) In the in vitro test, there was no significant difference in the shear bond strength of the brackets[(9.24±2.06) MPa vs. (9.59±2.24) MPa; P>0.05] as well as in the adhesive remnant index record between the two groups. Therefore, we can make the conclusion that the use of tooth liquid polish sealant for prevention of enamel demineralization has no effect on the bond strength of brackets.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 486-490, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695228

ABSTRACT

·AIM: To compare the visual quality after different multifocal lens (MIOL) implantation in cataract patients. ·METHODS: Totally 78 cases (78 eyes) of cataract patients who receiving phacoemulsification and implantation of different MIOL were enrolled from February 2016 to June 2017 in our hospital. According to the different type of implanted MIOL, the 78 cases (78 eyes) were divided Group A,B and C,each group was 26 cases (26 eyes). Patients in the Group A were implanted regional refraction MIOL SBL-3; patients in the Group B implanted step progressive diffraction MIOL SN6AD1;patients in the Group C implanted all - optical plane diffraction MIOL Tecnis ZMB00. The visual acuity, contrast sensitivity,defocus testing,contrast visual acuity and satisfaction of visual quality were compared in 3 groups at postoperative 3mo. · RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in postoperative adverse reactions between the three groups (P>0.05). There was statistical difference in uncorrected intermediate visual acuity, uncorrected near visual acuity, distance - corrected intermediate visual acuity and distance- corrected near visual acuity in 3 groups (P < 0. 05), and those in the Group C were significantly worse than those of Group A and B (P<0.05). There was statistical difference in contrast sensitivity at four spatial frequencies (3,6,12,18c/d) in light and light glare and three spatial frequencies (3, 6, 12c/d) in dark and dark glare in 3 groups (P<0.05), and those in the Group A were significantly better than those of Group B and C (P<0.05). According to the defocus testing of 3 groups,the visual acuity at -1.5D,-2.0D and-2. 5D in Group A and B was significantly higher than Group C (P<0. 05). There was statistical difference in contrast visual acuity at 20% and 9% of contrast ratio in 3 groups (P<0.05),and those in Group A were significantly better than Group B and C(P<0.05). There was statistical difference in visual quality satisfaction in 3 groups (P<0.05), and that in the Group A was significantly better than that of Group B and C (P<0.05). ·CONCLUSION:The region refraction MIOL SBL-3 not only could provide better distant, intermediate and near visual acuity, but also could provide better contrast sensitivity and contrast visual acuity, thereby greatly increase visual quality satisfaction.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 446-450, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695219

ABSTRACT

·AMI:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the segmented bifocal intraocular lens (MIOL) SBL-3. ·METHODS:Totally 26 cases (26 eyes) of age-related cataract who received phacoemulsification and implantation of MIOL SBL-3 were enrolled from February 2016 to June 2017 in our hospital as the SBL-3 group. And 28 cases (28 eyes) of age-related cataract who received phacoemulsification and implantation of single focus intraocular lens intraocular lens TecnisZA9003 were enrolled as control group. At postoperative 3mo, the uncorrected visual acuity, corrected visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and patient satisfaction were compared between two groups. ·RESULTS: At preoperative, there was no statistical difference in uncorrected distance, intermediate and near visual acuity between two groups (P > 0. 05). At postoperatively 3mo, the uncorrected distance, intermediate and near visual acuity in patients of both groups were significantly improved (P < 0. 05). At postoperative 3mo,the uncorrected intermediate and near visual acuity, distance-corrected intermediate and near visual acuity, contrast sensitivity at different spatial frequencies (3, 6, 12, 18c/d) and patient satisfaction in SBL- 3 group were significantly better than those of control group (P<0.05). ·CONCLUSION:The MIOL SBL-3 not only could provide preferable distance visual acuity, but also could provide better intermediate visual acuity, near visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,and greatly increase the visual quality and satisfaction at postoperative in cataract patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689596

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the changes in T helper lymphocytes and their subsets in children with tic disorders (TD) and their clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Flow cytometry was used to measure the percentages of T helper lymphocytes and their subsets in the peripheral blood of children with TD and healthy children (controls).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of T helper lymphocytes was significantly lower in the TD group than in the control group (P<0.001). The abnormal rate of T helper lymphocytes in the TD group was significantly higher than that in the control group (68.7% vs 18.8%; P<0.001). The percentage of T helper lymphocytes was negatively correlated with Yale Global Tic Severity Scale score (r=-0.3945, P<0.001). As for the subsets of T helper lymphocytes, the TD group had a significantly higher percentage of Th1 cells and a significantly lower percentage of Th2 cells compared with the control group (P<0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The abnormality of T helper lymphocytes and the imbalance of their subsets may be associated with the pathogenesis of TD in children. The percentage of T helper lymphocytes can be used as an indicator for assessing the severity of TD.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Allergy and Immunology , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Tic Disorders , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687249

ABSTRACT

The study is to establish the two-dimension HPLC fingerprints of Dihuang (Rehmannia glutinosa), by HPLC-PDA and HPLC-ELSD methods. The separations were performed on Waters Atlantis®T3(4.6 mm× 250 mm,5 μm)and Welch Ultimate®Hilic-NH₂(4.6 mm× 250 mm,5 μm)columns with the gradient elution of acetonitrile-0.01% phosphoric acid and acetonitrile-water, respectively. The chromatographic display wavelength for PDA detector was set at 203 nm. For HPLC-ELSD, the nebulizer was set as cooling mode, the drift tube temperature was set at 60 °C and the gas pressure was 35.0 psi. Based on similarity evaluation system for chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine, 26 and 10 chromatographic peaks were determined as common components for HPLC-PDA and HPLC-ELSD fingerprints, respectively. Chemometrics analyses, such as similarity analysis; cluster analysis and principal component analysis, were performed on the common peak areas in two-dimension fingerprints for 41 batches of Dihuang from multiple sources. The results showed that the HPLC-PDA fingerprint could distinguish dried rehmannia root between different sources, and HPLC-ELSD fingerprint could differentiate dried rehmannia root from prepared rehmannia root. The two-dimension fingerprints were established with advantages of a good degree of separation, abundant chemical information and multi-components identified including two nucleosides (adenosine and uridine),four iridoid glycosides (catalpa alcohol,rehmaionoside D,rehmaionoside A and leonuride),two phenylethanoid glycosides (acteoside and cistanoside A) and nine sugars. The method is simple and practical, which could be used for the identification and quality assessment for Dihuang.

20.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 167-172, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711098

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between the incipient serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and clinicopathologic features in anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis (AAV).Methods Data of 138 consecutive AAV patients were collected.According to their serum CRP levels,patients were divided into group 1 with normal CRP,group 2 with slightly increased CRP and group 3 with severely increased CRP.Clinical features of AAV and histopathologic features of the kidney injury were compared among groups.Results CRP levels increased in 77.53% AAV patients on admission.Patients in the group of severely increased CRP had the highest levels of BVAS,serum C3,serum ANCA titer,leukocyte counts and the lowest levels of hemoglobin and albumin among the 3 groups (all P < 0.05).The mortality during the stage of therapy was highest in patients with severely increased CRP (P < 0.05).The focal kidney damage was more obvious in patients with severely increased CRP.There was no significant difference in renal prognosis among patients with different CRP levels.Conclusion The levels of incipient serum C-reactive protein of AAV vary in different patients and are positively correlated with patients' inflammation status as well as the disease activity,but are not correlated with the severity of kidney injury.

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