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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 158-168, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872607

ABSTRACT

As a depot drug delivery system, injectable polylactide-polyglycolide (PLGA) sustained-release microspheres have been successfully used to treat many diseases since the first microsphere product Lupron depot was approved for marketing in the United States in 1989. It has the ability of long-term release in the body for several days to several months, which can not only reduce the times of administration, but also reduce the drug blood concentration fluctuations, significantly improve the safety and patient compliance. In vitro-in vivo correlation (IVIVC) makes the development of microspheres more possible. It can describe the dynamic information of drug release in vivo through the in vitro release behavior of microspheres, and can reduce the workload of each stage and shorten the time span while characterizing the performance of microspheres. IVIVC can provide guidance or support for drug development, production changes, supervision and management. This article summarizes the release mechanism of injectable PLGA sustained-release microspheres, common measurement methods and theories of in vitro and in vivo release. And we also focus on the establishment and application of IVIVC, especially A level IVIVC in the field of microsphere preparations, to provide a reference for further study on in vitro-in vivo correlation of microspheres.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885284

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics of esophageal reflux after total gastrectomy (ERATG), and to explore the mechanism of occurrence.Methods:Fourteen gastric cancer patients who underwent total gastrectomy were prospectively enrolled in this study. The postoperative symptoms were observed and recorded and 24 h MII-pH with pH monitoring was performed to investigate the characteristics of postoperative reflux.Results:After total gastrectomy patients were with different degrees of ERATG as heartburn, appetite loss, chest tightness and belching. The overall nature of ERATG is mainly weak acid, with a pH between 4 and 7. ERATG involved esophageal-jejunal anastomosis and a length of esophagus 7 cm above the anastomosis. Patients with typical reflux symptoms had a lower pH minimum in the upright position than those without typical symptoms[(4.76±0.71) vs.(5.68±0.37), t=2.866, P<0.05]. Patients with typical reflux symptoms had a higher frequency of reflux of mixed liquid and liquid-air reflux than those without typical symptoms[liquid(31.25±29.76) vs.(4.50±9.14), t=0.011, P<0.05; liquid-air(19.50±12.99) vs.(2.00±2.61), t=0.004, P<0.05]. Conclusion:ERATG is mainly a upward reflux of weakly acidic gas, with typical symptoms of heartburn, appetite loss, chest tightness and belching. Patients with typical symptoms usually have lower pH in the upright position.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879176

ABSTRACT

Carboxyl CoA ligases(CCLs) is an important branch of adenylate synthetase gene family, which mainly has two-step catalytic reactions. Firstly, in the presence of adenosine triphosphate, it can catalyze the pyrophosphorylation of carboxylateswith diffe-rent structures to form corresponding acyl adenosine monophosphate intermediates. Secondly, adenosine monophosphate was replaced by free electrons in the mercaptan group of enzyme A or other acyl receptors by nucleophilic attack to form thioesters. In this study, on the basis of the transcriptome database of Arnebia euchroma, two genes were selected, named AeCCL5(XP_019237476.1) and AeCCL7(XP_019237476.1). Bioinformatics analysis showed that their relative molecular weights were 60.569 kDa and 60.928 kDa, theoretical PI were 8.59 and 8.92, respectively. They both have transmembrane domains but without signal peptide. By multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic tree analysis, we found that the similarity between AeCCLs and other plant homologous proteins was not high, and the substrate binding sites of AeCCLs were not highly conserved. The reasons might be that the sequence and structure need to adapt to the changes of new substrates in the process of evolution. In this study, the full-length of AeCCL5 and AecCCL7 were cloned into the expression vector pCDFDuet-1. The proteins of AeCCL5 and AeCCL7 with His-tag were expressed in Escherichia coli. The proteins of AeCCL5 and AeCCL7 were purified by nickel column. In vitro enzymatic reactions proved that both AeCCL5 and AeCCL7 can participate in the upstream phenylpropane pathway of shikonin biosynthesisby catalyzing 4-coumaric acid to produce 4-coumarin-CoA, and then to synthesis p-hydroxybenzoic acid, which is an important precursor of shikonin biosynthesis in A. euchroma.


Subject(s)
Boraginaceae/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Coenzyme A , Coenzyme A Ligases/genetics , Ligases , Phylogeny
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879111

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed through field experiments to study the effect of combined application of organic and chemical fertilizers on the growth and quality of Salvia miltiorrhiza, provide ideas for reducing fertilization while increasing the efficiency as well as improving the quality of produces. The experiment included 6 treatments viz., no fertilization(CK), full application of chemical fertilizer(F), 25% orga-nic fertilizer with 75% chemical fertilizer(M25), 50% organic fertilizer with 50% chemical fertilizer(M50), 75% organic fertilizer with 25% chemical fertilizer(M75), and fully apply organic fertilizer(M100). The results showed that:(1)from the perspective of yield and economic benefits, M75 was the best and M100 second;(2)for effective components, the combined application of organic and chemical fertilizers increased the content of main water-soluble components and the total content of effective components, among which M25 and M50 were better.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Fertilizers/analysis , Nitrogen , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Soil
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879102

ABSTRACT

As the most advanced environment-friendly production model in the international society, ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica(CMM) is the only way for the development of modern agriculture. With the proposal of the declaration on ecolo-gical agriculture of CMM, "Don't grab land from farmland, don't be enemies of grass and insects, don't be afraid of barren slopes and forests, and live up to the green and green mountains", the ecological planting of CMM has blossomed all over the country, and formed a scientific theory, technology and model. Based on the theory and method of economics, this paper expounds the comprehensive benefits and development advantages of ecological agriculture of CMM from the perspectives of farmers(producers), patients(consumers) and the country. From the perspective of medicinal farmers, the input and output income of conventional agriculture and ecological agriculture of CMM such as Panax ginseng, Astragalus propinquus, Atractylodes lancea, and Bupleurum chinense were compared, and it was found that ecological agriculture of CMM had obvious advantages in net income, average annual income and input-output ratio, which could better promote farmers' income. From the perspective of patients, according to the same dose, the content of active ingredients in ecologically planted CMMs is significantly higher than that in conventionally-planted herbs, and the amount of effective substances taken by patients is also higher, so as to achieve better therapeutic effect. At the national level, ecological planting of CMM is the key to ensuring the high-quality development of CMM industry, increasing farmers' income, ensuring the safety of people's drug use and promoting the sustainable development of agriculture. It is also an important part of realizing the harmonious development of economy, society and environment and promoting ecological civilization. In general, the declaration on ecological agriculture of CMM embo-dies the core characteristics and goals of ecological agriculture, and also points of the path and vision of ecological agriculture of CMM in the future. The declaration will guide production practice, promote the benefit of farmers, and lay the foundation for the sustainable development of CMM industry.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879037

ABSTRACT

Chrysanthemum is widely used as a type of edible flower and also considered as the important materials of many beverages in China. Due to the occurrence of diseases and pests, and the lack of regulations for species, frequency, dose of pesticides in Chrysanthemum, pesticides have become one of the main pollutants in Chrysanthemum. The pesticide residues in Chrysanthemum were detected frequently and worth noting. This paper focused on the types of pesticides, pesticide residue detection techniques, and risk assessment methods for Chrysanthemums on the basis of relevant literatures. The pesticide residues of traditional Chinese medicine are mainly organochlorines, organophosphorus and pyrethroids, and the detection techniques include gas chromatography(GC), liquid chromatography(LC) or both combined with mass spectrometry(MS). With the increasing use of traditional Chinese medicine, Chrysanthemum is widely circulated in the market. Therefore, it is important to understand the current situation of pesticide residues in different varieties of Chrysanthemum, so as to provide theoretical reference for the control of quality and safety of Chrysanthemum and the formulation of the maximum residue limit.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Chrysanthemum/genetics , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Pesticide Residues/analysis
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878915

ABSTRACT

Caffeic acid and its oligomers are the main water-soluble active constituents of the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) Arnebiae Radix. These compounds possess multiple biological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant, cardiovascular protective, liver protective, anti-liver fibrosis, antiviral and anticancer activities. The phenylpropanoid pathway in plants is responsible for the biosynthesis of caffeic acid and its oligomers. Glycosylation can change phenylpropanoid solubility, stability and toxic potential, as well as influencing compartmentalization and biological activity. In view of the important role played by de-glycosylation in the regulation of phenylpropanoid homeostasis, the biosynthesis of caffeic acid and its oligomers are supposed to be under the control of relative UDP-glycosyltransferases(UGTs). Through the data mining of Arnebia euchroma transcriptome, we cloned 15 full-length putative UGT genes. After recombinant expression using the prokaryotic system, the crude enzyme solution of the putative UGTs was examined for the glycosylation activities towards caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid in vitro. AeUGT_01, AeUGT_02, AeUGT_03, AeUGT_04 and AeUGT_10 were able to glycosylate caffeic acid and/or rosmarinic acid resulting in different mono-and/or di-glycosylated products in the UPLC-MS analyses. The characterized UGTs were distantly related to each other and divided into different clades of the phylogenetic tree. Based on the observation that each characterized UGT exhibited substrate or catalytic similarity with the members in their own clade, we supposed the glycosylation abilities towards caffeic acid and/or rosmarinic acid were evolved independently in different clades. The identification of caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid UGTs from A. euchroma could lead to deeper understanding of the caffeic acid oligomers biosynthesis and its regulation. Furthermore, these UGTs might be used for regiospecific glycosylation of caffeic acid and rosmarinic acid to produce bioactive compounds for potential therapeutic applications.


Subject(s)
Boraginaceae/genetics , Caffeic Acids , Chromatography, Liquid , Cinnamates , Cloning, Molecular , Depsides , Glycosyltransferases/genetics , Phylogeny , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 786-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876512

ABSTRACT

Sempervirine, a yohimbane-type alkaloid isolated from Gelsemium elegans, was found to significantly inhibit the cellular proliferation of U251 cells in vitro and in vivo in a dose-dependent manner. U251 cells were treated with 0-16 μmol·L-1 of sempervirine for 24, 48 or 72 h. An MTT assay and clone formation assay were used to investigate cell survival and clone formation. Hoechst staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining were used to measure cell apoptosis. The expression of PI3K, AKT, p-AKT, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 was determined by Western blot analysis. The antitumor effect of sempervirine in vivo was investigated by inoculating nude mice with U251 cells. All animal experiments were in strict accordance with the regulations of the Biomedical Ethics Committee of Fujian Medical University (Fujian, China). The results show that sempervirine significantly inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of U251 cells, promotes cleavage of caspase-3, down-regulates the protein expression of PI3K and Bcl-2/Bax, and inhibits phosphorylation of AKT in vitro. Intraperitoneal injection of 4 or 8 mg·kg-1·day-1 of sempervirine inhibits U251 cells tumor growth in the xenograft nude mice, and tumor weight decreased by 44.76% and 61.26%, respectively. Our study shows that sempervirine significantly inhibits the proliferation of U251 cells in vitro and in vivo, laying a foundation for further research and development of its anti-glioma effect.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787758

ABSTRACT

To explore the interaction of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure on psychopathological symptoms of middle school students. From November 2015 to January 2016, 22 628 middle school students from Shenyang of Liaoning Province, Bengbu of Anhui Province, Xinxiang of Henan Province, Ulanqab of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Chongqing Municipality, and Yangjiang of Guangdong Province were enrolled by using the multi-stage cluster convenience sampling method. A questionnaire was used to collect the data including demographic information, health literacy, second-hand smoke exposure, and psychopathological symptoms. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze the interaction of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure on psychopathological symptoms of middle school students. The age of students was (15.36±1.79) years old, of which 10 990 were boys, accounting for 48.6% of total students. The detection rate of psychopathological symptoms was 29.1% (6 581/22 628). The detection rate of psychopathological symptoms in those who were exposed to second-hand smoke was 38.1% (2 401/6 304), which was higher than that in the non-second-hand smoke exposure group [25.6% (4 180/16 324)] (0.001). The (95) of the interaction between medium and low levels of overall health literacy, low level of interpersonal dimension of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure was 1.19 (1.15-1.24), 2.00 (1.92-2.10) and 1.59 (1.52-1.66), respectively. There was a positive interaction between middle and low levels of overall health literacy, low level of interpersonal dimension of health literacy and second-hand smoke exposure on psychopathological symptoms of middle school students.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 820-828, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826894

ABSTRACT

Corynebacterium glutamicum, an important microorganism to produce amino acids and organic acids, has been widely applied in food and medicine fields. Therefore, using editing tools to study the function of unknown genes in C. glutamicum has great significance for systematic development of industrial strain with efficient and novel production capability. Recently, gene editing has been greatly developed. Traditional gene editing based on homologous recombination and gene editing mediated by nuclease are successfully applied in C. glutamicum. Among these, the CRISPR system has been developed to be a main tool used for gene knockout of C. glutamicum due to its advantages of efficiency, simplicity and good target specificity. However, more efficient and reliable knockout system is still urgently demanded, to help develop high-performing strains in industrial application.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Corynebacterium glutamicum , Genetics , Gene Editing , Glutamic Acid , Industrial Microbiology
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873282

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate the protective effect of salvianolic acid B on HepaRG hepatocyte injury induced by arsenic trioxide (As2O3 ) and its mechanism. Method::HepaRG cells were incubated with 5μmol·L-1 As2O3 for 24 h to induce hepatocyte injury. The cells were divided into control group, model group, salvianolic acid B 10 μmol·L-1 group, salvianolic acid B 10 μmol·L-1+ As2O3 group, salvianolic acid B 5 μmol·L-1+ As2O3 group, and salvianolic acid B 2.5 μmol·L-1+ As2O3 group. HepaRG cells were preincubated with salvianolic acid B for 2 h and then incubated with As2O3 for 24 h. At the end of the incubation, cell viability was detected by thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide assay, apoptosis was observed by Hoechst33342 fluorescence staining, apoptosis rate was detected by annexin V-FITC/propidium iodide double staining flow cytometry, and mitochondrial membrane was observed by JC-1 fluorescence staining. Western blot was used to detect the protective effect of expressions of relevant proteins Bcl-2, Bax, Akt, p-Akt on salvianolic acid B in the liver. Result::As2O3 concentration-dependently reduced the survival rate of HepaRG cells(P<0.01), salvianolic acid B had no effect on normal cell viability for 2 h, pre-incubation with salvianolic acid B(5, 10 μmol·L-1) for 2 h significantly increased the decreased cell survival rate caused by As2O3 (P<0.01). As2O3 significantly increased hepatocytes apoptosis rate(P<0.01), while pre-incubation with salvianolic acid B(10 μmol·L-1) deceased apoptosis rate(P<0.01). Incubation with As2O3 for 24 h caused decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential, pre-incubation with salvianolic acid B maintained mitochondrial membrane potential, indicating that the anti-apoptotic effect of salvianolic acid B were related to the mitochondrial pathway modulation. Western blot analysis showed that salvianolic acid B promoted the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax and promoted p-Akt/Akt compared with As2O3 group(P<0.01). Conclusion::Salvianolic acid B has a protective effect on hepatocyte injury induced by As2O3, and its mechanism is related to maintenance of mitochondrial function and inhibition of hepatocyte apoptosis.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873130

ABSTRACT

Objective::On the basis of previous research, to detect the changes of six main alkaloids in Gelsemium elegans rhizomes before and after being processed, so as to reveal its internal mechanism of processing. Method::The contents of gelsemine, humantenidine, koumine, gelsenicine, gelsevirine and humantenine in G. elegans rhizomes was determined simultaneously by HPLC, the content changes of these components before and after processing and its reasons were analyzed by cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The mobile phase was methanol (A)-0.1%formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 22%A; 10-20 min, 22%-30%A; 20-30 min, 30%-40%A). The flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 254 nm, the injection volume was 10 μL, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. Result::Before processing, contents of the above six components in raw products were 1.444, 1.129, 3.590, 1.603, 2.376, 1.631 mg·g-1, after processing, the contents of these six components were 2.258, 0.343, 1.176, 0.115, 0.459, 0.281 mg·g-1, respectively. Gelsenicine, the most toxic ingredient of G. elegans rhizomes, decreased most significantly with a decreasing rate of 92.83%, while the less toxic ingredient, gelsemine, increased by 56.37%after processing. The contents of other four components in G. elegans rhizomes decreased to varying degrees after processing. The results of cluster analysis indicated that G. elegans rhizomes were clearly divided into two categories before and after processing. Principal component analysis showed that the first principal component before and after processing was changed from koumine to gelsemine. Conclusion::The degradation of toxic components and content changes of other components may be one of the intrinsic mechanism of toxicity attenuation and efficacy reservation of G. elegans rhizomes being processed.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the missing report rate and reporting status of infectious diseases in private medical institutions and discuss the defects involved, so as to provide a scientific basis for further standardizing the management of infectious disease reporting.Methods:By virtue of onsite data collection and face-to-face interview of 16 private hospitals in Chaoyang district of Beijing from January to May 2019, which were equipped with direct network report system, qualitative and quantitative data of their current infectious disease reporting were collected. Ratio or constituent ratio indicators was used to describe sample characteristics and survey indicators, while the ratio or constituent ratio were compared via χ2 test. Results:The missing report rate of these hospitals was 11.73%. Top three infectious diseases neglected were acute hemorrhagic conjunctivitis(100.00%), genital herpes(100.00%)and viral hepatitis(96.36%). The missing report rate of inpatients was higher than that of outpatients, and that of chronic infectious diseases was higher than that of acute infectious diseases. These hospitals were found with such defects as insufficient training of infectious disease diagnosis, and poor self-inspecting regulations and poor management actions.Conclusions:The missing reports rate of infectious diseases was high among private hospitals in Chaoyang district, especially that of chronic infectious diseases. It is necessary to strengthen infectious disease diagnosis training, and further standardize the infectious disease reporting process in hospitals using the electronic information systems, so as to reduce underreporting and consolidate infectious disease prevention and control in hospitals.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871966

ABSTRACT

Objective:The results of the two interferon-gamma release assay tests were compared, so as to provide reference for the laboratory to choose the detection method.Methods:Double blood samples of 96 suspected TB patients hospitalized in Civil Aviation General Hospital from July 2018 to December 2019 were collected, providing for TB specific antigen stimulation test by QIAGEN kit and Autobio kit respectively. ELISA and chemiluminescence were used to detect interferon-gamma, and the results were determined according to the manufacturer′s instructions. Based on the clinical or bacteriological evidence for diagnosis of tuberculosis, the consistency of the two kits was compared, and the diagnostic efficacy of tuberculosis was evaluated. At the same time, 60 samples of plasma stimulated by TB specific antigen in QIAGEN kit were randomly selected to detect interferon-gamma by ELISA and chemiluminescence respectively, and the consistency between the two interferon-gamma detection systems was compared. The Kappa coefficient were used to measure the consistency of the results. The ordinary linear regression and Bland-Altman plots were performed to show the differences of IFN-γ data between assays.Result:In 96 samples, the sensitivity and specificity of QIAGEN test were 81.82% (18/22) and 74.32% (55/74), and that of Autobio test were 72.73% (16/22) and 70.27% (52/74), respectively. The results of the two systems were consistent, Kappa value was 0.847, P<0.05. The area under ROC curve of QIAGEN test for diagnosis of tuberculosis was 0.807 (95% confidence interval: 0.702-0.911), while that of Autobio test was 0.765 (95% confidence interval: 0.640-0.889). Comparing the results of two systems for detecting interferon-gamma in the same plasma, the results of two systems were in good agreement ( R2=0.97, P<0.05); but there were significant differences in the levels of interferon-gamma in the same patient sample after stimulation with different negative and positive tubes ( R2=0.41, P<0.05). Conclusion:The results of γ-interferon release assay test of Autobio system and QIAGEN system are in good agreement, and the results of γ-interferon release assay test of the two systems are also in good agreement. Different amount of antigen coating, titer and test system may be responsible for the different release of interferon-gamma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 469-474, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870837

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a chronic neurologic disorder caused by abnormal discharge of neurons in the brain. Imaging examination is of great significance in the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy, but some patients failed to find any apparent abnormality in conventional magnetic resonance imaging. Recently, a variety of imaging post-processing techniques are applied in clinical practice, which have significantly improved the detection rate of epileptic lesions. In this paper, the research progress of various imaging post-processing techniques in magnetic resonance imaging negative focal epilepsy is reviewed.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870521

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role of indocyanine green(ICG) fluorescence imaging in laparoscopic anterior resection for rectal cancer.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 7 patients who had undergone laparoscopic anterior resection with the use of ICG fluorescence imaging at Peking University People′s Hospital between Oct 2018 and Mar 2019. The clinicopathological variables, surgical factors, short-term outcome and complications were analyzed.Results:The median operation time was 185 min. The median estimated blood loss was 50 ml. The median time from ICG injection to anastomotic perfusion was 45 s. One patient received extended proximal resection of bowel due to poor perfusion as suggested by ICG imaging. The median time to soft diet was 4 days, and the median hospital stay was 8 days. The median number of lymph nodes harvested was 16. There were no major complications in all these patients. No adverse events related to ICG were recorded.Conclusions:ICG fluorescence imaging was safe and effective in detecting insufficient blood supply around newly established bowel anastomsis, hence potentially reducing the anastomotic leakage rate.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870495

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the diagnostic value of tumor markers in peritoneal lavage fluid from colorectal cancer patients for tumor peritoneal metastasis.Methods:A total of 227 colorectal cancer patients who undergoing surgical treatment were included. 300 ml of peritoneal lavage fluid was irrigated immediately upon laparotomy for traditional cytology (PLC) testing, 134 patients were tested for tumor marker of peritoneal lavage fluid (pTM). Univariate analysis was performed to determine the risk factors for peritoneal metastasis; pTM ROC curve was used to determine the best cutoff value; paired chi-square test was used to compare the difference between PLC and pTM detection.Results:The positive rate of PLC was 12.3% (28/227). Age>65, stage T3 + , lymph node metastasis, mucinous adenocarcinoma and increased serum CA125, CA19-9 are related to peritoneal metastasis; The best cutoff value of pTM for peritoneal metastasis : pCEA 17.095 ng/dl, sensitivity 58.3%, specificity 93.9%; pCA19-9 4.515 U/ml, sensitivity 83.3%, specificity 80.0%; pCA125 303.2 U/ml, sensitivity 58.3%, specificity 95.7%; pCA-724 3.01 U/ml, sensitivity 66.7%, specificity 95.7%; The best cutoff value of pTM for peritoneal micrometastasis: pCA19-9 3.43 U/ml, sensitivity 100%, specificity 72.2%. The positive rate of pCA19-9 was 29.85%, which was higher than that of PLC (χ 2=2.00, P<0.05). Conclusion:Peritoneal metastasis of colorectal cancer is related to tumor T stage, lymph node metastasis, tumor pathological type, and increased serum CA125 and CA19-9; pTM has diagnostic value for peritoneal metastasis of colorectal cancer.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 266-270, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870262

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect gene mutations in two patients with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) .Methods:Clinical data were collected from two patients with XP. DNA was extracted from peripheral blood of the patients and their parents, and high-throughput whole-exome sequencing was performed in the patient to identify pathogenic gene mutations. Then, Sanger sequencing was performed to bidirectionally verify the mutations in the patients and their parents, with a focus on mutations in the candidate genes XPA, ERCC3, XPC, ERCC2, DDB2, ERCC4, ERCC5 and POLH.Results:Case 1, a 3-year-old male patient, presented with brown spots and hypopigmented macules on the face, ears, neck and back of both hands for 2 years, as well as gait instability for 1 year. The skin lesions were mainly distributed in sun-exposed areas and worsened in summer. Case 2, a male patient aged 1 year and 5 months, presented with scattered brown spots and a few hypopigmented macules on the face for 1 year. Genetic testing showed compound heterozygous mutations in the ERCC2 gene of case 1, including c.1805G>A (p.Gly602Asp) mutation inherited from his father and c.586C>T (p.Arg196Ter) mutation inherited from the his mother, so case 1 was diagnosed with XP group D (XPD) . Compound heterozygous mutations were identified in the ERCC5 gene of case 2, including c.2533+2T>C mutation inherited from his father and c.2453C>T (p.Ala818Val) mutation inherited from his mother, so case 2 was diagnosed with XP group G (XPG) . The c.586C>T (p.Arg196Ter) and c.2533+2T>C mutations had not been reported before. Sun protection was suggested. After a follow-up of 2 years, skin lesions increased in the 2 patients, but no malignant tumors occurred.Conclusions:The compound heterozygous mutations in the ERCC2 gene can lead to XPD, mainly manifesting as cutaneous and neurological symptoms, while the compound heterozygous mutations in the ERCC5 gene can lead to XPG, manifesting as a mild phenotype. Early clinical features combined with genetic testing are helpful for accurate diagnosis and classification of XP.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865923

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the role and influencing factors of case design in PBL teaching.Methods:Thirty-two six-year-program undergraduates from the Department of Medicine of Peking University in batch 2014 and batch 2015 were selected as the subjects. PBL teaching was used in the practice class of experimental diagnostics. The feedback effects of four times PBL courses were analyzed by collecting questionnaires for teachers, students, and supervisors. The data obtained from the five-point questionnaire and the question-and-answer questionnaire were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and statistics respectively. Then the problems in case preparation process are discussed and the experience of case design is summarized. SPSS 13.0 was used in this study.Results:The 5-point questionnaire showed that the average score of anemia PBL course was the highest among students' self-evaluation and mutual evaluation of teachers and students (4.84 points, 4.79 points), with statistical significance compared with other courses ( P<0.05). The question-and-answer questionnaire survey showed that 93.75% of the students generally agreed with the teaching model of anemia cases; 78.13% and 59.38% of the students believed that it was difficult to set up cases of infection and coagulation, which affected the classroom effect; and 50% of the supervisors thinked that the students' level should be taken into account in case design and oral expression should be avoided. Conclusion:Case design is the key to PBL teaching. Summarizing the experience of case design can lay a good foundation for the establishment of PBL teaching database.

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