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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905268

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of physical therapy and heel sound feedback on lower limbs motor function, mobility and activities of daily living (ADL) for stroke patients based on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) core set. Methods:From April, 2018 to May, 2020, 113 stroke patients with motor dysfunction were divided into ischemia group (n = 67) and hemorrhagia group (n = 46) according to the cause of stroke. They received physical therapy for lower limbs and heel sound feedback for eight weeks, and assessed with ICF core set for stroke-gait, Fugl-Meyer Assessment-Lower Extremities (FMA-LE), Timed 'Up and Go' Test (TUGT), and modified Barthel index (MBI) before and after intervention. Results:The main effect of time was significant for qualifiers of ICF core set for stroke-gait, the scores of FMA-LE and MBI, and TUGT time (F > 100.59, P < 0.001), and it improved time by time as Post Hoc test. The main effect of groups was not significant (F < 2.29, P > 0.05), nor as Post Hoc test. The interactive effect between time and groups was significant for TUGT time (F = 6.45, P < 0.01), perhaps improved more in the hemorrhagia group, however, the interactive effect was not significant for the others. Conclusion:Physical therapy and heel sound feedback can improve motor function of lower limb, mobility and ADL for stroke patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911761

ABSTRACT

Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most common causes of death for patients with cardiovascular diseases. General practitioners are the providers of primary medical and health service, it its worthwhile to discuss their role positioning in the prevention and control system of SCD. In this study, SWOT analysis was used to explore the strength, weakness, opportunity and threats of the involvement of general practitioners in SCD prevention and control system, to clarify the roles of general practitioners and to provide suggestions for the improvement and development of SCD prevention and control system in China.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906407

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the main factors affecting the <italic>Ziziphus jujuba</italic> distribution and expand the understanding of its distribution and the corresponding influencing factors by comparing the distribution sites of <italic>Z. jujuba</italic> predicted by models with those recorded in the literature. Method:More than 200 distribution sites of <italic>Z. jujuba</italic> accompanied by 55 environmental factors were obtained from literature and specimen review. The environmental factors that affect the distribution of <italic>Z. jujuba</italic> were explored by maximum entropy (MaxEnt) model, and the potential distribution areas of <italic>Z. jujuba</italic> in China were analyzed by ArcGIS, followed by the verification of the main environmental factors using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and Jackknife method. Result:The area under the curve (AUC) values for the test data and training data were both greater than 0.9, which perfectly satisfied the standard, indicating that the research results were accurate and reliable. Conclusion:The annual average temperature, the average temperature in May, the average temperature in the warmest season, vegetation type, soil type, average temperature in June, average temperature in September, and average temperature in August are proved to be the main environmental factors affecting the distribution of <italic>Z. jujuba</italic>, which can be found almost all over China, except for Heilongjiang and Tibet. <italic>Z. jujuba</italic> is most suitable to be planted in southeastern Sichuan, Chongqing, southern Gansu, Ningxia, most areas of central Shaanxi, eastern and southwestern Shanxi, Henan, eastern and northern Hubei, northern and eastern Anhui, Shandong, Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, western Liaoning, and Zhejiang. As revealed by literature review, the most suitable growing areas of <italic>Z. jujuba</italic> are southeastern Sichuan, central Shaanxi, southwestern Shanxi, western and northern Henan, Shandong, and southwestern and eastern Hebei.

4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1242-1245, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886675

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of school foodborne disease outbreaks in Henan Province from 2011 to 2020 and to provide the basis for effective prevention and control of school foodborne disease outbreaks.@*Methods@#The outbreaks of foodborne diseases in schools in Henan Province reported by the foodborne disease outbreak surveillance system from 2011 to 2020 were statistically analyzed.@*Results@#A total of 47 outbreaks of school foodborne diseases were reported in Henan province in the past 10 years, with a total of 1 258 cases, 701 hospitalizations and 1 death. Zhengzhou, Zhumadian, Xinyang and Xinxiang were the top 4 cities in Henan Province in terms of the number of school foodborne disease outbreaks reported. The peak of foodborne illness incidents in schools was in June and September. The largest number of incidents occurred in middle school canteens and primary school canteens(all 12). The number of reported incidents (12) and the number of cases of foodborne diseases (371) in schools caused by cereals and their products were the largest. Pathogenic bacteria and their toxins were the main pathogenic factors that caused the outbreaks of foodborne diseases in schools, accounting for 78.26% of the identified causes. Bacillus cereus was the top pathogens causing foodborne diseases outbreaks in schools. The pathogenic factor that caused the largest number of cases was Diarrheogenic Escherichia Coli, and the pathogenic factor that caused the death cases was poisonous mushrooms. Apart from unexplained incidents, improper processing was the main link leading to foodborne diseases outbreaks in schools.@*Conclusion@#The primary and middle school students are the group with high incidence of foodborne diseases in schools. The supervision and management of school canteen should be strengthened in summer to prevent the outbreak of bacterial foodborne diseases caused by improper processing and storage of grain food.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1120-1130, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878618

ABSTRACT

As the demand for high-performance computing continues to grow, traditional computing models are facing unprecedented challenges. Among the many emerging computing technologies, DNA computing has attracted much attention due to its low energy consumption and parallelism. The DNA circuit, which is the basis for DNA computing, is an important technology for the regulation and processing of the molecular information. This review highlights the basic principles of DNA computing, summarizes the latest research progress, and concludes with a discussion of the challenges of DNA computing. Such integrated molecular computing systems are expected to be widely used in the fields of aerospace, information security and defense system.


Subject(s)
DNA/genetics
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 318-325, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878045

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Methylene blue is the most commonly used tracer for sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) in China. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of clinical application of SLNB using methylene blue dye (MBD) for early breast cancer and the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological data of patients with early breast cancer treated at the Peking University First Hospital between 2013 and 2018. We calculated the SLN identification rate (IR) in SLNB with MBD and the false-negative rate (FNR), and analyzed the prognosis of patients with different SLN and non-SLN statuses using Kaplan-Meier curves.@*RESULTS@#Between January 2013 and December 2018, 1603 patients with early breast cancer underwent SLNB with MBD. The SLN IR was 95.8% (1536/1603). Two SLNs (median) were detected per patient. There were significant differences in FNR between patients with SLN micrometastasis and macrometastasis (19.0% vs. 4.5%, χ2 = 12.771, P < 0.001). Chi-square test showed that there were significant differences in SLN successful detection rates among patients with different vascular tumor embolism status (96.3% vs. 90.8%, χ2 = 9.013, P = 0.003) and tumor (T) stages (96.6% vs. 94.1%, χ2 = 5.189, P = 0.023). Multivariate analysis showed that vascular tumor embolism was the only independent factor for SLN successful detection (odds ratio: 0.440, 95% confidence interval: 0.224-0.862, P = 0.017). Survival analysis showed a significant difference in disease-free survival (DFS) between patients with non-SLN metastasis and patients without non-SLN metastasis (P = 0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#Our single-center data show that, as a commonly used tracer in SLNB in China, MBD has an acceptable SLN IR and a low FNR in frozen sections. This finding is consistent with reports of dual tracer-guided SLNB. Positive SLNs with non-SLN metastasis are associated with DFS.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Methylene Blue , Retrospective Studies , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 438-440, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833367

ABSTRACT

COVID-19 not only affects the physical health of Chinese people, but also their psychological health. This article mainly summarizedthe causes, clinical manifestations and preventive measures of COVID-19 impact on psychology of Chinese people, and presentedtwo representative cases at the same time.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905430

ABSTRACT

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) can achieve neuroplasticity through repeated stimulation of specific cortex, and may be in the ways of inter-hemisphere inhibition or compensation, or both. The various combination of frequency, intensity and duration of stimulation may effect the upper limb function after stroke in different ways.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827999

ABSTRACT

This work is to establish the fingerprint of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus by HPLC-ELSD method, and to analyze the simulated wildness degree of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Gansu. Compared with wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, the quality differences of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region were analyzed by identification of chromatographic peaks and similarity evaluation, cluster analysis(CA), principal components analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). HPLC fingerprints of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in different genuine regions are established. The qualitative analysis of mass spectrometry identified 18 components. The similarity evaluation shows that the similarity of 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples was 0.688-0.993. Among them, the similarity of samples in Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia is 0.688-0.993, 0.835-0.989, 0.934-0.988, respectively and the similarity of samples in Gansu is 0.729-0.876 except No. 25 sample. The results of CA show that the samples of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus can be grouped into four categories according to the production area except the No. 11 and No. 25 samples. The results of PCA indicate that 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples can be clustered according to quality and origin, and the quality of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in Inner Mongolia is the closest to the wild breed. The results of OPLS-DA indicate that there are six components that can distinguish the wild and domestic A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, which are malonylastragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅰ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside, formononetin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, and astrapterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate. The established method can be used to analyze differences between A. membranaceus var. mongholicus origin and planting environment, and can provide references for the protection and replacement of wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus resources, and the cultivation, processing and production of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus.


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , China
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774553

ABSTRACT

Through market investigation, the adulteration of Zaocys dhumnades on markets was found out, and samples of authentic and adulterated Z. dhumnades on markets were collected. The origin and properties of the adulterated Z. dhumnades were studied in order to provide reference for the identification of Z. dhumnades. The counterfeit Z. dhumnades sold on markets were as follows: Ptyas korros, P. mucosus, Najanaja atra, Sinonatrix annularis, Dinodon septentrionalis, etc. It is found that there existed a obvious difference between the traits of the Z. dhumnades and counterfeits. Genuine Z. dhumnades with "sword ridge" "iron tail", strongly ribbed scales and other features, is the key point to identify the difference from adulterants.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Contamination , Materia Medica , Reference Standards , Snakes
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 581-587, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777153

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to establish a method to record the dynamic process of vascular regeneration and remodeling in rat cerebral ischemic regions. An animal brain window model was established to continuously observe the changes of rat cortical vascular ischemia in vivo, and the model of cerebral ischemia was established by photochemical embolization. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was performed to record the formation of vascular blockage and the injury and regeneration of small vessels during cerebral ischemia recovery. The results showed that 30 min of laser irradiation could completely block the cortical vessels in rats. Within 24-48 h after ischemia, the degree of brain injury was the greatest, and the number of blood vessels in the ischemic region reached the minimum. Then the blocked blood vessels began to be dredged, and the small blood vessels around the ischemic area began to regenerate. Small blood vessels in the superficial/deep layers of the cortex disappeared significantly after laser irradiation. During 10 d after ischemia, the blocked blood vessels were gradually dredged and recovered. On the 10th day after laser irradiation, a large number of neovascularization appeared in the superficial layer of cortex, but the deep vessels did not recover. These results indicate that the method established in this study can observe the changes of blood vessel in cerebral ischemic region continuously, which lays a foundation for further quantitative study on the dynamics of embolized blood vessels and peripheral capillaries during the recovery of cerebral ischemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Cortex , Rats , Regeneration
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773164

ABSTRACT

Chalcone synthase( CHS) and chalcone isomerase( CHI) are key enzymes in the biosynthesis pathway of flavonoids. In this study,unigenes for CHS and CHI were screened from the transcriptome database of Arisaema heterophyllum. The open reading frame( ORFs) of chalcone synthase( Ah CHS) and chalcone isomerase( Ah CHI) were cloned from the plant by RT-PCR. The physicochemical properties,expression and structure characteristics of the encoded proteins Ah CHS and Ah CHI were analyzed. The ORFs of Ah CHS and Ah CHI were 1 176,630 bp in length and encoded 392,209 amino acids,respectively. Ah CHS functioned as a symmetric homodimer. The N-terminal helix of one monomer entwined with the corresponding helix of another monomer. Each CHS monomer consisted of two structural domains. In particular,four conserved residues define the active site. The tertiary structure of Ah CHI revealed a novel open-faced β-sandwich fold. A large β-sheet( β4-β11) and a layer of α-helices( α1-α7) comprised the core structure. The residues spanning β4,β5,α4,and α6 in the three-dimensional structure were conserved among CHIs from different species. Notably,these structural elements formed the active site on the protein surface,and the topology of the active-site cleft defined the stereochemistry of the cyclization reaction. The homology comparison showed that Ah CHS had the highest similarity to the CHS of Anthurium andraeanum,while Ah CHI had the highest similarity to the CHI of Paeonia delavayi. This study provided the basis for the functional study of Ah CHS and Ah CHI and the further study on plant flavonoid biosynthesis pathway.


Subject(s)
Acyltransferases , Chemistry , Genetics , Arisaema , Genetics , Cloning, Molecular , Intramolecular Lyases , Chemistry , Genetics , Plant Proteins , Chemistry , Genetics
13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1146-1155, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a modified subtraction coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) technique with a two-breathhold approach in terms of image quality and stenosis grading of calcified coronary segments and in the detection of significant coronary stenosis in segments with severe calcification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The institutional board approved this study, and all subjects provided written consent. A total of 128 patients were recruited into this trial, of which 32 underwent subtraction CCTA scans and invasive coronary angiography (ICA). The average Agatston score was 356 ± 145. In severely calcified coronary segments, the presence of significant (> 50%) stenosis was assessed on both conventional CCTA and subtraction CCTA images, and the results were finally compared with ICA findings as the gold standard. RESULTS: For severely calcified segments, the image quality in conventional CCTA significantly improved from 2.51 ± 0.98 to 3.12 ± 0.94 in subtraction CCTA (p < 0.001). In target segments, specificity (70% vs. 87%; p = 0.005) and positive predictive value (61% vs. 79%, p < 0.01) were improved using subtraction CCTA in comparison with conventional CCTA, with no loss in the negative predictive value. The segment-based diagnostic accuracy for detecting significant stenosis was significantly better in subtraction CCTA than in conventional CCTA (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.94 vs. 0.85; p = 0.03). CONCLUSION: This modified subtraction CCTA method showed lower misregistration and better image quality in patients with limited breathhold capability. In comparison with conventional CCTA, modified subtraction CCTA would allow stenosis regrading and improve the diagnostic accuracy in coronary segments with severe calcification.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Stenosis , Humans , Methods , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2934-2940, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781749

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is mediated primarily by T cells, but most studies of MS and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), have focused on CD4 T cells. The aims of the current study were to determine the pathological interrelationship between CD4 and CD8 autoreactive T cells in MS/EAE.@*METHODS@#Female C57BL/6 mice (n = 20) were induced by myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG)35-55 peptide. At 14 days after immunization, T cells were isolated from the spleen and purified as CD4 and CD8 T cells by using CD4 and CD8 isolation kits, and then the purity was determined by flow cytometric analysis. These cells were stimulated by MOG35-55 peptide and applied to proliferation assays. The interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and interleukin (IL)-4 secretion of supernatant of cultured CD4 and CD8 T cells were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA). For adoptive transfer, recipient mice were injected with MOG35-55-specific CD8 or CD4 T cells. EAE clinical course was measured by EAE score at 0-5 scale and spinal cord was examined by staining with hematoxylin and eosin and Luxol fast blue staining.@*RESULTS@#CD8CD3 and CD4CD3 cells were 86% and 94% pure of total CD3 cells after CD8/CD4 bead enrichment, respectively. These cells were stimulated by MOG35-55 peptide and applied to proliferation assays. Although the CD8 T cells had a generally lower response to MOG35-55 than CD4 T cells, the response of CD8 T cells was not always dependent on CD4. CD8 T cell secreted less IFN-γ and IL-4 compared with CD4 T cells. EAE was induced in wildtype B6 naïve mice by adoptive transfer of MOG35-55-specific T cells from B6 active-induced EAE (aEAE) mice. A similar EAE score and slight inflammation and demyelination were found in naive B6 mice after transferring of CD8 T cells from immunized B6 mice compared with transfer of CD4 T cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Our data suggest that CD8 autoreactive T cells in EAE have a lower encephalitogenic function but are unique and independent on pathogenic of EAE rather than their CD4 counterparts.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804523

ABSTRACT

@#Anti-angiogenic therapy has a wide range of applications in the treatment of tumor. Nano drug delivery system can contribute to higher efficacy and lower toxicity in anti-angiogenic therapy. This article reviews the application of nano drug delivery system in anti-angiogenic therapy and introduces the strategies to improve its treatment efficiency with varieties of nanoparticles, providing reference for the development of anti-angiogenic therapy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 261-267, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754918

ABSTRACT

Objective Myocardial functional outcome after revascularization of coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) was prospectively predicted using extracellular volume fraction (ECV) based on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods Thirty patients with CTO underwent CMR before and 6 months after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were enrolled. The CMR scan protocol included cine, pre?contrast and post?contrast T1 mapping and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Ejection fraction (EF) and segmental wall thickening (SWT) were calculated using CVI 42 software. SWT less than 45% indicated myocardial segment dysfunction. According to the American Heart Association (AHA) scientific statement, the dysfunctional segments assigned to CTO vessel were selected, and three baseline imaging markers, ECV, transmural extent of infarction (TEI) and unenhanced rim thickness (RIM) were respectively evaluated. The myocardial segments were divided into two subgroups, group with well?developed collaterals and group with poorly?developed collaterals, based on the collateral circulation using Rentrop classification. Baseline and follow?up values of SWT and EF were evaluated using paired Student′s t?test. Using an increase in SWT>10% as standard reference, ROC analysis was conducted to describe the predictive performance of baseline markers. A mixed linear model was used to probe the relationship between collateral circulation and SWT. Stepwise logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent predictors of regional functional recovery. The differences of EF between poorly?developed and well?developed collaterals were compared by Student t test. Results The baseline mean segmental wall thickening (SWT) of the dysfunctional segments increased from 21.6% (9.7%, 33.3%) to 38.4% (19.0%, 51.2%) after PCI (Z=-6.869, P<0.001), and EF was also significantly higher compared with baseline (54.5%±8.5 % vs. 50.7%± 6.6%, t=-5.706, P<0.001). ECV showed good performance in predicting functional recovery with cutoff value 34.7%, area under ROC curve (AUC) 0.86, sensitivity 91%, and specificity 66%. The AUC of ECV was superior to TEI and RIM (AUC: 0.75 and 0.73, all P value<0.01). The segments with well?developed collaterals were associated with a higher SWT at follow?up [46.6% (36.6%, 64.2%) vs. 33.5% (12.8%, 47.8%),F=5.791, P=0.02]. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that mean segmental ECV was the only independent predictors of regional functional outcome after PCI (OR=0.83, 95% confidence interval: 0.77—0.89; P<0.001). Conclusions ECV by CMR may provide incremental value for the prediction of regional functional recovery in CTO patients, and baseline collateral circulation correlates with the regional systolic function after revascularization.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905657

ABSTRACT

This article reviewed the main clinical manifestations, posture stability assessment and treatment progress of chronic ankle instability. In recent years, the evaluation methods of posture stability of chronic ankle instability has gradually adopted biomechanical testing and computerized dynamic balance test, which is more and more objective and accurate. The training method has also evolved from simple static balance training to targeted dynamic posture stability training.

18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1167-1171, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818003

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveFew studies are reported on the sublingual immunotherapy with dermatophagoides farinae drops (DFD) for mite-allergic cough variant asthma (CVA) in children. This study aimed to investigate the clinical effects of DFD sublingual immunotherapy on mite-allergic CVA in children.MethodsWe retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 225 children with mite-allergic CVA treated in Wuhan Children′s Hospital from January 2016 to January 2017. The patients were divided into a control (n=123) and an experimental group (n=102) to receive symptomatic treatment and symptomatic treatment combined with DFD sublingual immunotherapy, respectively, both for 10 months. We recorded the relevant indicators, including the symptom scores, lung function parameters, levels of dust mite IgE and inflammatory factors (IL-4, TGF-β and INF-γ), and related risk factors, and compared the data obtained between the two groups of patients before and after treatment.ResultsThere were no statistically significant differences between the two groups of patients in the baseline daily and nocturnal cough symptom scores, lung function parameters, or levels of serum IgE, IL-4, TGF-β and INF-γ (P>0.05). After treatment, the children in the experimental group showed markedly lower daily and nocturnal cough symptom scores than the control (0.87±0.06 and 0.91±0.11 vs 2.54±0.32 and 2.38±0.42, P<0.05), better pulmonary function parameters (FEV1/FVC: \[1.98±0.56\]% / \[79.67±9.05\]% vs \[1.65±0.37\] / \[75.87±11.56\]%, P<0.05), and a higher effectiveness rate (73.53% vs 54.47%, P<0.05). The single- and multi-factor analyses showed that age, disease course and treatment methods were independent risk factors influencing the therapeutic effect on mite-allergic CVA in children (P<0.05).ConclusionSublingual immunotherapy with DFD can effectively improve the clinical symptoms and lung function in children with mite-allergic CVA, which may be associated with the decreased levels of serum IgE, IL-4, TGF-β and INF-γ. Age, disease course and treatment methods are independent risk factors influencing the therapeutic effect.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the protective effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE-1) against brain injury induced by hyperoxia in neonatal rats and observe the changes in the expression of glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP), and to provide a theoretical basis for the clinical application of PGE-1 in the treatment of neonatal brain injury induced by hyperoxia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty neonatal Wistar rats were randomly divided into air control group, hyperoxic brain injury model group, and hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group. All rats except those in the air control group were treated to establish a hyperoxic brain injury model. From the first day of modeling, the rats in the hyperoxia brain injury+PGE-1 group were intraperitoneally injected with PGE-1 2 μg/kg daily for 7 consecutive days, while the other two groups were treated with normal saline instead. The water content of brain tissue was measured; the pathological changes of brain tissue were evaluated by hematoxylin-eosin staining; the apoptosis of brain cells was assessed by nuclear staining combined with TUNEL staining; the protein expression of GRP78 and CHOP in brain tissue was measured by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The water content of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury model group was significantly higher than that in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group and air control group (P<0.05); the water content of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group was significantly higher than that in the air control group (P<0.05). The pathological section of brain tissue showed inflammatory cell infiltration and mild cerebrovascular edema in the brain parenchyma in the hyperoxic brain injury model group; the periparenchymal inflammation and edema in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group were milder than those in the hyperoxic brain injury model group. The apoptosis index of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury model group was significantly higher than that in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group and air control group (P<0.05); the apoptosis index of brain tissue in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group was significantly higher than that in the air control group (P<0.05). The protein expression of GRP78 and CHOP in brain tissue was significantly higher in the hyperoxic brain injury model group than in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group and air control group (P<0.05); the protein expression of GRP78 and CHOP was significantly higher in the hyperoxic brain injury+PGE-1 group than in the air control group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>PGE-1 has a protective effect against hyperoxia-induced brain injury in neonatal rats, which may be related to the inhibition of cell apoptosis by down-regulating the expression of GRP78 and CHOP.</p>


Subject(s)
Alprostadil , Therapeutic Uses , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Apoptosis , Brain , Pathology , Brain Injuries , Metabolism , Pathology , Heat-Shock Proteins , Hyperoxia , Neuroprotective Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Transcription Factor CHOP
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689860

ABSTRACT

A new naphthalene derivative and three known compounds were isolated from the petroleum ether extract of the bulbs of Eleutherine americana by using various chromatographic techniques, such as column chromatography over silica gel and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic date (MS, UV, IR, NMR), which were identified as eleutherol B (1), 4,8-dihydroxy-3-methoxy-1-methylanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester (2), 8-hydroxy-3,4-dimethoxy-1-methylanthraquinone-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester (3), and isoeleutherine (4). Compound 1 is a new compound. The diastolic blood vessels activity of compound 1 and 2 were potent, reaching 82.5% and 85.3% at the concentration of 10 μmol·L⁻¹, which were basically the same as that of the positive drug tanshinone ⅡA.

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