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1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1094-1098, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007448

ABSTRACT

The paper explores the evolution of "bone-approaching" acupuncture, its effect target and mechanism. The concrete operation procedure of "bone-approaching" method is recorded originally in Huangdi Neijing (Inner Canon of Yellow Emperor) as short needling and Shu needling (referring to the category of the five needling technique). The periosteum is the most effective stimulation target of "bone-approaching" acupuncture for analgesia, regaining consciousness and regulating spirit. The "bone-approaching" acupuncture is not only prominently effective on bone bi syndrome, but also has the unique effect on painful, encephalogenic and emotional diseases. The paper summarizes and improves "bone-approaching" acupuncture, i.e. "touching bone surface" with needle tip by slow insertion, "touching bone surface" without pain by swift insertion and "touching bone" with needle body by oblique insertion. It contributes to the inheritance, development and supplementation to the bone needling techniques in Huangdi Neijing and is significant for broadening the clinical application range of acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy , Periosteum , Analgesia , Pain Management , Consciousness , Pain
2.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1234-1241, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015793

ABSTRACT

Particulate matter (PM) can damage respiratory system, cardiovascular system, nervous system and immune system, but there are few researches on reproductive damage of particulate matter. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of short-term particulate matter 2.5 (PM

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1816-1822, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014251

ABSTRACT

Aim To evaluate the protective effect of Dexrazoxane(Dex)on onco-Cardiology caused by chemotherapeutic drugs other than anthracycline antitumor drugs using zebrafish embryos, including:cisplatin, paclitaxel, vincristine sulfate, 5-fluorouracil and cyclophosphamide. Methods Zebrafish embryos at 24 hpf(hours post-fertilization)were exposed to different concentrations of drugs. The survival rate and the overall animal morphology at 48 hpf, 72 hpf and 96 hpf were observed with a microscope. Heart rate, ventricular contraction fraction, ventricular volume, and cardiac output were measured and calculated by video recordings made with a VCD system. The protective effect of Dex was evaluated using the established model of onco-Cardiology induced by anti-tumor drugs other than anthracyclines. Results In terms of acute toxicity, cisplatin, vincristine sulfate, 5-fluorouracil and cyclophosphamide all significantly reduced the survival rate of zebrafish embryos. The LC50 value was 437.655, 25.538, 65.606 and 19.021 mmol·L-1, respectively. In addition to paclitaxel, the other four anti-tumor drugs all showed significant changes in overall animal morphology and cardiac function indicators. In the study of the protective effect of Dex on four kinds of tumor heart diseases except anthracyclines, only cisplatin had a significant protective effect, which could improve the cardiotoxicity caused by cisplatin. The optimal concentration of Dex was 80 μmol·L-1. Conclusions Zebrafish models of drug toxicity caused by cisplatin, vincristine sulfate, 5-fluorouracil, and cyclophosphamide is established, which proves that Dex only has a protective effect on the toxicity caused by cisplatin.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 293-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929638

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the influencing factors of iron metabolism assessment in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome. Methods: MRI and/or DECT were used to detect liver and cardiac iron content in 181 patients with MDS, among whom, 41 received regular iron chelation therapy during two examinations. The adjusted ferritin (ASF) , erythropoietin (EPO) , cardiac function, liver transaminase, hepatitis antibody, and peripheral blood T cell polarization were detected and the results of myelofibrosis, splenomegaly, and cyclosporine were collected and comparative analyzed in patients. Results: We observed a positive correlation between liver iron concentration and ASF both in the MRI group and DECT groups (r=0.512 and 0.606, respectively, P<0.001) , only a weak correlation between the heart iron concentration and ASF in the MRI group (r=0.303, P<0.001) , and no significant correlation between cardiac iron concentration and ASF in the DECT group (r=0.231, P=0.053) . Moreover, transfusion dependence in liver and cardiac [MRI group was significantly associated with the concentration of iron in: LIC: (28.370±10.706) mg/g vs (7.593±3.508) mg/g, t=24.30, P<0.001; MIC: 1.81 vs 0.95, z=2.625, P<0.05; DECT group: liver VIC: (4.269±1.258) g/L vs (1.078±0.383) g/L, t=23.14, P<0.001: cardiac VIC: 1.69 vs 0.68, z=3.142, P<0.05]. The concentration of EPO in the severe iron overload group was significantly higher than that in the mild to moderate iron overload group and normal group (P<0.001) . Compared to the low-risk MDS group, the liver iron concentration in patients with MDS with cyclic sideroblasts (MDS-RS) was significantly elevated [DECT group: 3.80 (1.97, 5.51) g/L vs 1.66 (0.67, 2.94) g/L, P=0.004; MRI group: 13.7 (8.1,29.1) mg/g vs 11.6 (7.1,21.1) mg/g, P=0.032]. Factors including age, bone marrow fibrosis, splenomegaly, T cell polarization, use of cyclosporine A, liver aminotransferase, and hepatitis antibody positive had no obvious effect on iron metabolism. Conclusion: There was a positive correlation between liver iron concentration and ASF in patients with MDS, whereas there was no significant correlation between cardiac iron concentration and ASF. Iron metabolism was affected by transfusion dependence, EPO concentration, and RS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ferritins , Iron , Iron Overload , Liver/metabolism , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/therapy , Primary Myelofibrosis , Retrospective Studies , Splenomegaly
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3261-3267, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906844

ABSTRACT

This research aimed at the key issue that chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule anti-tumor drugs were difficult to break through the dense interstitial permeability barrier of pancreatic cancer to achieve the key problem of drug efficacy in the deep part of tumor tissue. To solve this problem, the lipophilic molecule squalene (SQ) and the hydrophilic anti-tumor drug chidamide (CHI) were linked by a trypsin responsive bond to form a prodrug (SQ-CHI) and a folic acid modified prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles (FA-SQ-CHI NPs) were further developed. The feature of prodrug molecules and nanoparticles were characterized. The in vitro release characteristics and cytotoxicity of blank vector were investigated. The efficacy and permeability of the prodrug nanoparticles in the PSN-1 monolayer cell and PSN-1/HSPC co-cultured tumor spheroids model was evaluated. The results showed that SQ-CHI prodrug molecules and FA-SQ-CHI NPs were successfully developed. The nanoparticles were regular spherical, well-dispersed, with a particle size of (173.3 ± 1.5) nm, a drug load of (59.02 ± 0.8) % and showed trypsin responsive release ability. The prodrug nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration and anti-proliferation effects of CHI in the PSN-1/HSPC tumor spheroids. In conclusion, the construction of folic acid-modified SQ-CHI prodrug self-assembled nanoparticles can significantly enhance the penetration of CHI in the pancreatic cancer microenvironment in vitro. This research would provide a new idea for the construction of targeted drug delivery system for chemical drugs and Chinese medicine hydrophilic small molecule drugs in the application of anti-pancreatic cancer.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 225-232, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906071

ABSTRACT

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease presented in the context of inflammation, and it mainly results from proliferation and differentiation defects of keratinocytes and abnormal immune response. However, some cellular and molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Although a variety of drugs and physiotherapies are applicable to this disease, they can only be utilized for a short-term period considering their transient effect, high cost, and serious adverse reactions. It is difficult to achieve satisfactory long-term results in the treatment of psoriasis. With the development of network pharmacology and molecular biology and the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), the multi-component and multi-target characteristics of TCM have become prominent, promoting the in-depth research on TCM by doctors and scholars. Nevertheless, there is no detailed summarization on the mechanisms of TCM in interfering with T helper 17 (Th17)/regulatory T (Treg) cell balance to prevent and treat psoriasis. After reviewing the recent literature data, this paper has found that Chinese herbal monomers, active ingredients, and compounds obviously regulate the Th17/Treg axis in psoriasis. Th17 cells have a pro-inflammatory effect, while Treg cells are responsible for maintaining peripheral tolerance. They function in a mutually exclusive manner, and maintaining the Th17/Treg balance helps to effectively reduce inflammatory reaction and regulate immune homeostasis. As revealed by a series of clinical and experimental studies carried out based on the Th17/Treg axis in psoriasis, reducing the percentage of Th17 cells,increasing the percentage of Treg cells,and regulating the levels of related cytokines and transcription factors are conducive to alleviating inflammation and regaining immune homeostasis,which has provided new ideas for further elucidating the pathological mechanism of psoriasis and alternative plans for developing new treatments against psoriasis.

7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 715-719, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880137

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the value of CD44@*METHODS@#Flow cytometry was used to detected the proportion of CD44@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD44@*CONCLUSION@#HCD44


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Hyaluronan Receptors , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Spleen
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 348-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between leukocytes derived microparticle (CD45@*METHODS@#The expression of CD45@*RESULTS@#The percentages of CD45@*CONCLUSION@#High level of CD45


Subject(s)
Humans , Flow Cytometry , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
9.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 295-300, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905778

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of functional electrical stimulation on upper-limb function in stroke patients with hemiplegia. Methods:Randomized controlled trials about functional electrical stimulation on upper-limb function in stroke patients with hemiplegia were recalled from databases of PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane, CNKI, Wanfang data, CBM and VIP. The quality of the trials was evaluated and the data were extracted. Data were analyzed with RevMan 5.3. Results:A total of 13 trials involving 744 patients were included. Functional electrical stimulation group could improve upper-limb motor function more compared with routine rehabilitation group (MD = 9.77, 95%CI 6.36 to 13.17,P < 0.001), whatever less than 30 minutes a time (MD = 9.78, 95%CI 6.26 to 13.29,P < 0.001) or more than 45 minutes a time (MD = 14.20, 95%CI 0.99 to 27.40,P < 0.05), for less than four weeks (MD = 5.82, 95%CI 2.58 to 9.06,P < 0.001) or more (MD = 13.42, 95%CI 8.43 to 18.41,P < 0.001). Functional electrical stimulation group also improved the activities of daily living for stroke patients (MD = 13.72, 95%CI 11.60 to 15.84,P < 0.001). Conclusion:Functional electrical stimulation is effective on upper-limb motor function and activities of daily living for stroke patients with hemiplegia, which could be widely applied in clinic.

10.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 557-565, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828979

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the prevalence and determinants of folic acid (FA) supplementation in Chinese couples planning for pregnancy and in women during early pregnancy.@*Methods@#This was a cross-sectional study based on the Shanghai PreConception Cohort (SPCC) study. Data on FA supplementation and socio-demographic features were collected using questionnaires. Couples visiting clinics for pre-pregnancy examination and pregnant women at < 14 gestational weeks were recruited in Shanghai, China, between March 2016 and September 2018.@*Results@#Among the pregnancy planners, 42.4% (4,710/11,099) women and 17.1% (1,377/8,045) men used FA supplements, while 93.4% (14,585/15,615) of the pregnant women used FA supplements. FA supplement use was higher in female pregnancy planners who were older ( : 1.13, 95% : 1.08-1.18), had higher education ( : 1.71, 95% : 1.53-1.92), and were residing in urban districts ( : 1.06, 95% : 1.01-1.11) of FA supplementation; female pregnancy planners with alcohol consumption ( : 0.95, 95% : 0.90-0.99) had lower odds of FA supplementation. In early pregnancy, women with higher educational level ( : 1.04, 95% : 1.03-1.06), who underwent pre-pregnancy examination ( : 1.02, 95% : 1.01-1.03) had higher odds of using an FA supplement; older aged ( : 0.99, 95% : 0.98-0.99), and multigravida ( : 0.97, 95% : 0.96-0.98) had lower odds of FA supplementation.@*Conclusion@#Although the majority of pregnant women took FA supplements, more than half of the women planning for pregnancy did not. Urgent strategies are needed to improve pre-conception FA supplementation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Pregnancy , Young Adult , China , Cohort Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Dietary Supplements , Folic Acid , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vitamin B Complex
11.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1681-1684, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803280

ABSTRACT

According to 'National Standard of Undergraduate Teaching Quality for Nursing Science', the mode of community nursing practice was explored and implemented by the School of Nursing in Tianjin Medical University. Focus on competency, the syllabus of community nursing practice was revised. Optimizing the management system of community nursing practice, developing the team of high-quality teachers, building standardized community nursing practice bases, and improving the evaluation system of community nursing practice aimed to enhance comprehensive quality of nursing undergraduates and the quality of community nursing practice. Within the concept of "big health", our school is exploring the new mode of combining community nursing practice with health management-oriented nursing personnel training, which lays an important foundation for training applied nursing talents to meet the needs on development of community health services.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 9-14, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802261

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the regulatory effect of Sinisan(SNS) on the polarization of RAW264.7 macrophages induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Method:RAW264.7 cells stimulated by LPS were used as the in vitro model. The cells were intervened with the different concentrations of SNS in advance. The effects of different concentrations of SNS on the proliferation of RAW264.7 cells were detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry. The degree of cell differentiation was detected by enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay(ELISA) method. The contents of M1 polarization factors tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and M2 polarization factors interleukin-10 (IL-10) in cell culture supernatant were detected by ELISA method, mRNA levels of M1 polarization factors TNF-α, IL-6 and M2 polarization factors IL-10, arginase-1 (Arg-1) were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) method. Result:SNS had no effect on the cell viability of RAW264.7 cells, inhibited LPS-induced cell proliferation, decreased LPS-stimulated cell differentiation, down-regulated M1 polarizing factors TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β release and TNF-α, IL-6 mRNA levels, and increased the release of IL-10 and mRNA levels of IL-10 and Arg-1. Conclusion:SNS inhibits the inflammation of RAW264.7 cells induced by LPS, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of polarization balance of M1/M2 macrophages.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1681-1684, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752710

ABSTRACT

According to 'National Standard of Undergraduate Teaching Quality for Nursing Science',the mode of community nursing practice was explored and implemented by the School of Nursing in Tianjin Medical University. Focus on competency, the syllabus of community nursing practice was revised. Optimizing the management system of community nursing practice, developing the team of high-quality teachers, building standardized community nursing practice bases, and improving the evaluation system of community nursing practice aimed to enhance comprehensive quality of nursing undergraduates and the quality of community nursing practice. Within the concept of "big health", our school is exploring the new mode of combining community nursing practice with health management-oriented nursing personnel training, which lays an important foundation for training applied nursing talents to meet the needs on development of community health services.

14.
Chinese Journal of Practical Gynecology and Obstetrics ; (12): 442-445, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816199

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of GnRH agonist and antagonist protocols on preimplantation genetic testing outcomes of chromosomal translocation carriers.METHODS: The clinical data of 226 patients with chromosomal translocation were analyzed retrospectively between Jan. 2015 and Dec. 2017 in Shengjing Hospital Affiliated to China Medical University.The patients were divided into GnRH agonist group(174 cases)and GnRH antagonist group(52 cases),then the duration of gonadotropin stimulation,dosage of gonadotropin used,embryonic quality,normal and balanced embryo numbers,per transfer cyclepregnancy rate,abortion rate and continuous pregnancy rate and accumulated pregnancy rate were analyzed.RESULTS: There were no statistical differences in the number of retrieved oocytes,number of MⅡ oocytes,fertilization rate,cleavage rate,blastocyst formation rate,number of high-quality embryo,number of blastocyst biopsy,normal and balanced embryo numbers,per transfer cycle pregnancy rate,abortion rate,continuous pregnancy rate or accumulated pregnancy rate between GnRH agonist group and GnRH antagonist group(P>0.05).The duration of gonadotropin stimulation(9 d vs. 10 d)and dosage of gonadotropin(2100 U vs. 2400 U)used in the GnRH antagonist group were significantly less than the GnRH agonist group(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: There are no significant differences in embryo quality or pregnancy rate between the GnRH agonist group and antagonist group during preimplantation genetic testing,but the GnRH antagonist group have an advantage in Gn duration and dosage.

15.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 367-372, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776025

ABSTRACT

Objective To describe the status of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management in patients with chronic kidney disease(CKD)(stages 1-3)and to explore the interactions between these three variables.Methods Herth Hope Index,self-efficacy scale,and CKD self-management instrument were used to evaluate the patients with CKD(stages 1-3)in PUMC Hospital(=153). Structural equation modeling was used to establish the structural equation model of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management.Results The median score of hope was 40.0(36.0,44.5),and 85.0% of patients were in higher level of hope. The median score of self-efficacy was 8.3(7.1,9.4)and the overall score of self-management was 89.0±13.4. There were no significant differences in level of hope and self-management among patients with different age,gender,marital status,educational level,course of disease,and CKD stages(all >0.05). Age and marriage status were significantly associated with self-efficacy. Self-efficacy was significantly higher in >65 years group than in other age groups(<0.05)and was significantly higher in married group than in single group(<0.05).The level of hope had direct effect on self-efficacy(=0.67,<0.05)and self-management(=0.46,<0.05).Conclusions The levels of hope,self-efficacy,and self-management are high in patients with CKD(stages 1-3). Hope directly affects the self-efficacy and self-management of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hope , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Psychology , Therapeutics , Self Efficacy , Self-Management
16.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 341-345, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703861

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To explore the relationship between body fat indexes and hypertension levels by quantitative CT (QCT) study. Methods: A total of 1488 participants from "prospective urban-rural epidemiology (PURE) study" were enrolled. The participants' age were from 42 to 82 years; based on blood pressure (BP) they were divided into 2 groups: Non-hypertension group, n=783 and Hypertension group, n=705. QCT fat measurement software was used to examine L2 level abdominal visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT); body mass index (BMI), waist circumferences (WC), hip circumferences (HC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were measured and calculated; liner Logistic regression analysis and 2-classified Logistic analysis were conducted to study the relationships between hypertension and anthropometric indices, abdominal VAT, SAT respectively. Results: Compared with Non-hypertension group, Hypertension group had increased BMI, WC, HC, WHtR, abdominal VAT and SAT, P<0.05. BMI, WC, HC, WHtR, abdominal VAT and SAT were related to both systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), P<0.05. Multivariable Logistic regression analysis indicated that WHtR, abdominal VAT, SAT were the independent impact factors of SBP and WC, abdominal VAT were the independent impact factors of DBP; further investigation showed that abdominal VAT and WC were the independent impact factors of hypertension. Conclusions: Abdominal VAT was robustly related to hypertension in Chinese population, it might be helpful for risk stratification in hypertension patients.

17.
Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ; (12): 257-261, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695902

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of warm needling plus Chinese medication for external application in treating post-stroke shoulder pain. Method Two hundred patients with post-stroke shoulder pain were randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 100 cases each. The two groups both received rehabilitation training for shoulder joint. In addition, the treatment group was given warm needling plus Chinese medication for external application, while the control group was given warm needling. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain, upper-limb Fugl-Mayer Assessment (FMA) and Modified Barthel Index (MBI) were adopted to evaluate the two groups before and after the treatment. The clinical efficacies of the two groups were also compared. Result The total effective rate was 100.0% in the treatment group versus 87.0% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). The VAS, FMA and MBI scores were significantly changed after the treatment in both groups (P<0.01). After the treatment, the VAS, FMA and MBI scores of the treatment group were significantly different from those of the control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion Warm needling plus Chinese medication for external application and rehabilitation training can obviously reduce post-stroke shoulder pain, and enhance the upper-limb motor function and activities of daily living.

18.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 1513-1518, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852835

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the chemical constituents of Periploca Radix. Methods: The chemical constituents of Periploca forrestii were separated using various chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated by spectral analysis. Results: Nineteen compounds were isolated from the 70% ethanol extract of P. forrestii, and identified as 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (1), 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (2), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid methyl ester (3), 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid (4), 4-O-caffeoylquinic acid (5), 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid (6), 1, 3-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (7), 3, 4-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (8), 3, 5-di-O- caffeoylquinic acid (9), 4, 5-di-O-caffeoylquinic acid (10), protocatechuic aldehyde (11), p-hydroxybenzoic acid (12), o-hydroxybenzoic acid (13), syringic acid (14), vanillic acid (15), periforgenin A (16), Δ5-pregnene-3β, 17α, 20α-triol (17), periforgenin C (18), and periplogenin (19). Conclusion: Compounds 1-12 are isolated from the plants of genus Periploca Linn. for the first time, and compound 13 is isolated from P. forrestii for the first time.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1471-1476, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301704

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory effect of decitabine (DAC) in various dosages on the proliferention of MDS-RAEB cell line MDS-L and its mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>LC-MS/MS method was used to test the blood DAC concentration of 2 groups of MDS patients being treated with DAC 20 and 15 mg/m×5 d. In according to the various blood DAC concentration levels, the MDS-L cells were treated with different DAC dosages for 24, 48, 72 and 96 h, respectively. The CCK-8 method was applied to determine the cell proliferation, the flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell cycle and cell apoptosis changes, the P15DNA methylation status was measured by methylation specific PCR using EZ DNA Methylation-Gold Kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The blood DAC concentration of MDS patients treated with DAC 20 mg/m×5 d was 174.08±80.15(84.7-311) ng/ml, which was significantly higher than 89.87±32.94(43.2-165)ng/ml for the group treated with 15 mg/m×5 d (P=0.014). DAC could notably inhibit the proliferation of MDS-L cells, and the effect was in dose- and- time-dependent manner(r=0.786). However, when DAC concentration was ≥0.1 µg/ml, the proliferation inhibition rates were not significantly different between various dosages. After DAC treatment, MDS-L cells in Gphase increased notably, while cells in S phase decreased significantly. Also, the P15DNA methylation status of MDS-L cells decreased after being treated with DAC for 96 h, but the difference was not significant between various dosages.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DAC can significantly suppress MDS-L cell proliferation, block MDS-L cells in Gphase and induce the apoptosis at low concentration (0.1-0.2 µg/ml).</p>

20.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 432-434,439, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609564

ABSTRACT

Objective:This article is to study the quality of life and the situation of social support for the elderly in Weifang while analyzing the correlation between them.Methods:This study was undertaken among elderly aged over 60 followning the European five D health scale and Social Support Rating Scale.The results were analyzed statistically.Results:On the living quality of elderly in Weifang,the EQ-SD index was (0.78 ±0.12) and the EQ -VAS index was (76.42 ± 14.67).The result from each scale shows a tremendous health issue among the elderly in Weifang.On the other hand,the situation of social support for the elderly in Weifang appeared optimistic.Still,this situation can be improved in practical supports.Also,there was significant negative correlation between EQ-5D and SSRS (r =0.260,P < 0.05).Results of multiple linear regression show that the subjective support and objective support may enter the regression equation.Conclusion:To conclude,the city of Weifang awaits improvements in aged care and social support for the elderly.Only by this chance the quahty of life of the elderly may be improved.

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